Mozambique in History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1498-03-02 Vasco da Gama's fleet visits Mozambique Island

Historic Event

1859-09-16 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

Historic Event

1900-09-11 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique

  • 1951-06-11 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal
  • 1961-07-06 Portuguese ship explodes near Mozambique, kills 300
  • 1961-07-08 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • 1962-06-25 Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) forms
  • 1975-06-25 After a prolonged liberation struggle against Portuguese colonial rulers, Mozambique becomes independent as People Republic of Mozambique
  • 1976-03-03 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • 1983-01-02 Several African National Congress (ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
  • 1984-03-16 South Africa & Mozambique sign non attack treaty
  • 1986-11-03 Joaquim Chissano elected president Mozambique
  • 1988-01-02 Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least 22 people and injuring 71.
  • 1992-04-16 The Katina P runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.
  • 1992-10-04 The Rome General Peace Accords ends a 16 year civil war in Mozambique.
  • 2002-05-25 A train crash in Tenga, Mozambique, kills 197 people
  • 2015-01-10 72 people are killed & 169 hospitalized after a mass poisoning of beer with crocodile bile at a funeral in Mozambique
  • 2015-01-14 63 people are killed and 70,000 are left homeless after floods devastate Mozambique and Malawi
  • 2015-05-30 Namibia defeat Mozambique 2-0 to win the 2015 COSAFA Cup

Famous Birthdays

  • 1917-05-25 Steve Cochran [Robert Alexander Cochran], American actor (Mozambique, Gay Senotiys, Dallas), born in Eureka, California (d. 1965)
  • 1925-12-28 Hildegard Knef, German actress, singer, and writer (Touch of Class, Mozambique), born in Ulm, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1933-09-29 Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (1975-86), born in Gaza Province, Mozambique (d. 1986)
  • 1939-10-22 Joaquim Chissano, president of Mozambique (1986- )
  • 1943-01-05 Eusébio da Silva Ferreira, Portuguese footballer (top goalscorer-1966 World Cup), born in Lourenço Marques, Mozambique (d. 2014)
  • 1972-10-27 Maria Mutola, Mozambican 800m runner (Olympic bronze 1996), born in Lourenço Marques, Mozambique

Famous Deaths

  • 1969-02-03 Eduardo C Mondlane, Tsonga anthropologist and President of Mozambique, assassinated by a bomb at 48
  • 1970-04-07 Josina Machel, Mozambican independence activist, and wife of Mozambique's 1st president Samora Machel, dies at 25
  • 1986-10-20 Samora Machel, President of Mozambique, dies in air crash at 53