Myanmar in History

Myanmar: Yangon

Historical Events

  • 1554-01-12 Bayinnaung crowned King of Burma, goes on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • 1591-01-18 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1767-04-08 Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders
  • 1824-03-05 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • 1826-02-24 The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War
  • 1850-12-28 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire
  • 1886-07-24 China takes British protectorate of Burma
  • 1941-12-23 Japan begins assault on Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942-01-19 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • 1942-01-20 Japanese invade Burma
  • 1942-03-08 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942-04-29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cutting off Burma Road
  • 1942-05-02 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • 1942-05-10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • 1942-05-16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma
  • 1943-08-01 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw

TrainDeath Railway Completed

1943-10-17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

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'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
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  • 1943-10-25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • 1944-01-10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1944-03-07 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • 1944-05-17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • 1944-08-03 Allied troops under Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • 1945-01-03 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
  • 1945-01-21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • 1945-01-22 Burma highway reopens
  • 1945-01-25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • 1945-01-28 General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • 1945-02-19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945-02-22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-02-20 Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten

MurderAssassination

1947-07-19 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries

General and Politician Aung San
General and Politician
Aung San
  • 1948-01-04 Burma declares independence from UK
  • 1949-12-17 Burma recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1953-01-06 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1956-04-27 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
  • 1960-04-01 U Nu elected premier of Burma

  • 1962-03-02 In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup
  • 1962-11-30 U Thant of Burma becomes the 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1974-01-03 Burma accepts its constitution
  • 1975-07-08 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
  • 1983-10-09 Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) bombing: North Korean agents attempt to assassinate South Korean President results in 21 deaths, including 9 South Korean government officials; presidential advisors and security team members; and 3 reporters
  • 1987-11-29 A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 115
  • 1988-07-27 General Sein Lwin succeeds San Yu as the 6th President of Burma
  • 1988-08-19 Maung Maung succeeds General Sein Lwin as the 7th President of Burma
  • 1988-09-18 Burma suspends its constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988-09-27 The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded in Burma (Myanmar)

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997-05-20 US President Clinton signs an executive order barring new US investment in Burma (also known as Myanmar), effective May 21 and renewable annually

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 2004-10-19 Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption
  • 2005-11-06 The military junta of Myanmar (Burma) begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.
  • 2006-03-26 Burma's military junta officially names Naypyidaw, a new city in Mandalay Division, the new capital (Yangon previous capital)
  • 2007-09-18 Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some called the Saffron Revolution.
  • 2008-05-02 Cyclone Nargis makes landfall in Myanmar killing over 130,000 people and leaving millions of people homeless
  • 2012-06-09 Burma (Myanmar) riots kill 20 people and burn down 300 houses
  • 2012-06-16 Coca-Cola begins business in Myanmar after 60 years
  • 2012-08-25 85,000 people are displaced by severe floods in Myanmar
  • 2012-10-26 64 people are killed in West Burma after continued sectarian clashes
  • 2012-11-09 25 people are killed and 62 injured after a train carrying liquid fuel bursts into flames in Burma
  • 2012-11-11 12 people are killed by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake in Burma
  • 2013-03-10 Aung San Suu Kyi is re-elected leader of the Burmese National League for Democracy
  • 2013-03-21 A barter dispute loses control and results in 10 people being killed, 20 injured, and 4 mosques being burnt to the ground in Myanmar
  • 2013-04-02 13 children are killed in a fire in a mosque in Yangon, Burma
  • 2016-02-01 Myanmar's first freely elected parliament in 50 years has its opening session in Nay Pyi Taw

Famous Birthdays

  • 1870-12-18 Saki [Hector Hugo Munro], Burma, author (Reginald, When William Came)
  • 1893-02-08 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • 1898-01-20 U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)

Person of interestLord Mountbatten

1900-06-25 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England (d. 1979)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1907-05-25 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), born in Wakema, Myaungmya District, British Burma (d. 1995)
  • 1909-01-22 U Thant, Burma, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Myanmar

Person of interestAung San

1915-02-13 Aung San, Burmese general and nationalist politician, born in Natmauk, Myanmar (d. 1947)

General and Politician Aung San
General and Politician
Aung San
  • 1919-12-01 Ike Isaacs, Burmese-English jazz guitarist, born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1996)
  • 1924-02-14 Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, born in Westminster, London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1925-02-28 Harry H Corbett, English actor (Steptoe & Son, Jabberwacky), born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1982)
  • 1929-03-12 U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1933-02-02 Than Shwe, ruler of Myanmar
  • 1936-05-21 Ama Samy, Indian Jesuit priest, Zen teacher and disciple of Yamada Koun, born in Burma
  • 1938-04-15 Hso Khan Pha, 1st President of the democratic and newly independent Union of Burma from 1948-52, born in Yawnghwe State, British Burma (d. 2016)

Person of interestAung San Suu Kyi

1945-06-19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1965-02-05 Ben Lee, American badminton player (Olympic-92), born in Rangoon, Burma
  • 1966-10-31 Annabella Lwin [Myant Myant Aye], Anglo-Burmese singer (Bow Wow Wow - "I Want Candy"), born in Rangoon, Burma
  • 1968-09-28 Bess Singh [Lennart Bes], Dutch pop drummer (Burma Shop-Hippies)

Famous Deaths

  • 1760-05-15 Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)
  • 1944-03-23 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41

Person of interestAung San

1947-07-19 Aung San, Burmese general and nationalist politician, assassinated by armed paramilitaries along with 6 members of his cabinet at 32

General and Politician Aung San
General and Politician
Aung San
  • 1947-07-19 U Razak, Burmese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1948-05-08 U Saw, Burmese politician (b. 1900)
  • 1952-10-31 U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1974-11-25 U Thant, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), dies in NY of cancer at 65
  • 1976-08-17 Murvyn Vye [Marvin], American actor (Road to Bali, Bob Cummings Show), dies of natural causes at 63
  • 1977-05-29 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (b. 1893)

MurderLord Mountbatten

1979-08-27 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), is assassinated by an IRA bomb on his boat in Ireland at 79

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1994-07-02 Maung Maung, premier of Burma (1988), dies at 69
  • 1995-02-14 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), dies at 87
  • 1996-01-28 San Yu, Burmese General and the 5th President of Burma (1981-88), dies at 77
  • 1997-07-24 Saw Maung, general/president of Myanmar (Burma) (1988-92), dies
  • 1998-02-18 Mya Than Tint, Myanmarese author, dies of brain hemorrhage at 69
  • 2002-12-05 Ne Win, Burmese leader (b. 1911)
  • 2007-10-26 Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)
  • 2012-01-01 Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician & pro-democracy activist, dies from a heart attack at 50
  • 2012-10-10 Kyaw Zaw, Burmese politician and soldier, dies at 92