Myanmar in History

Myanmar: Yangon

Historical Events

  • 1554-01-12 Bayinnaung crowned King of Burma, goes on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • 1591-01-18 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1767-04-08 Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders
  • 1824-03-05 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • 1826-02-24 The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War
  • 1850-12-28 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire
  • 1886-07-24 China takes British protectorate of Burma
  • 1941-12-23 Japan begins assault on Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942-01-19 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • 1942-01-20 Japanese invade Burma
  • 1942-03-08 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942-04-29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cutting off Burma Road
  • 1942-05-02 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • 1942-05-10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • 1942-05-16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma
  • 1943-08-01 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw

Death Railway Completed

1943-10-17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

  • 1943-10-25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • 1944-01-10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1944-03-07 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • 1944-05-17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • 1944-08-03 Allied troops under Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • 1945-01-03 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
  • 1945-01-21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • 1945-01-22 Burma highway reopens
  • 1945-01-25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • 1945-01-28 General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • 1945-02-19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945-02-22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma

Appointment of Interest

1947-02-20 Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence

Assassination

1947-07-19 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries

  • 1948-01-04 Burma declares independence from UK
  • 1949-12-17 Burma recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1953-01-06 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1956-04-27 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
  • 1960-04-01 U Nu elected premier of Burma
  • 1962-03-02 In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup

Historic Event

1962-11-30 U Thant of Burma becomes the 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations

  • 1974-01-03 Burma accepts its constitution
  • 1975-07-08 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
  • 1983-10-09 Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) bombing: North Korean agents attempt to assassinate South Korean President results in 21 deaths, including 9 South Korean government officials; presidential advisors and security team members; and 3 reporters
  • 1987-11-29 A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 115
  • 1988-07-27 General Sein Lwin succeeds San Yu as the 6th President of Burma
  • 1988-08-19 Maung Maung succeeds General Sein Lwin as the 7th President of Burma
  • 1988-09-18 Burma suspends its constitution

Historic Event

1988-09-27 The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded in Burma (Myanmar)

Historic Event

1997-05-20 US President Clinton signs an executive order barring new US investment in Burma (also known as Myanmar), effective May 21 and renewable annually

  • 2004-10-19 Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption
  • 2005-11-06 The military junta of Myanmar (Burma) begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.
  • 2006-03-26 Burma's military junta officially names Naypyidaw, a new city in Mandalay Division, the new capital (Yangon previous capital)
  • 2007-09-18 Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some called the 'Saffron Revolution'
  • 2008-05-02 Cyclone Nargis makes landfall in Myanmar killing over 130,000 people and leaving millions of people homeless
  • 2012-06-09 Burma (Myanmar) riots kill 20 people and burn down 300 houses
  • 2012-06-16 Coca-Cola begins business in Myanmar after 60 years
  • 2012-08-25 85,000 people are displaced by severe floods in Myanmar
  • 2012-10-26 64 people are killed in West Burma after continued sectarian clashes
  • 2012-11-09 25 people are killed and 62 injured after a train carrying liquid fuel bursts into flames in Burma
  • 2012-11-11 12 people are killed by a magnitude 6.8 earthquake in Burma
  • 2013-03-10 Aung San Suu Kyi is re-elected leader of the Burmese National League for Democracy
  • 2013-03-21 A barter dispute loses control and results in 10 people being killed, 20 injured, and 4 mosques being burnt to the ground in Myanmar
  • 2013-04-02 13 children are killed in a fire in a mosque in Yangon, Burma
  • 2016-02-01 Myanmar's first freely elected parliament in 50 years has its opening session in Nay Pyi Taw

Famous Birthdays

  • 1870-12-18 Saki [Hector Hugo Munro], British writer (Reginald, When William Came), born in Akyab, British Burma (d. 1916)
  • 1893-02-08 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • 1898-01-20 U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)

Lord Mountbatten

1900-06-25 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England (d. 1979)

  • 1907-05-25 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), born in Wakema, Myaungmya District, British Burma (d. 1995)

U Thant

1909-01-22 U Thant, Burma, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Burma, British India (d. 1974)

Aung San

1915-02-13 Aung San, Burmese general and nationalist politician, born in Natmauk, Myanmar (d. 1947)

  • 1919-12-01 Ike Isaacs, Burmese-English jazz guitarist, born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1996)
  • 1924-02-14 Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, born in Westminster, London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1925-02-28 Harry H. Corbett, English actor (Steptoe & Son, Jabberwacky), born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1982)
  • 1929-03-12 U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1933-02-02 Than Shwe, ruler of Myanmar
  • 1936-05-21 Ama Samy, Indian Jesuit priest, Zen teacher and disciple of Yamada Koun, born in Burma
  • 1938-04-15 Hso Khan Pha, 1st President of the democratic and newly independent Union of Burma from 1948-52, born in Yawnghwe State, British Burma (d. 2016)

Aung San Suu Kyi

1945-06-19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

  • 1965-02-05 Ben Lee, American badminton player (Olympic-92), born in Rangoon, Burma
  • 1966-10-31 Annabella Lwin [Myant Myant Aye], Anglo-Burmese singer (Bow Wow Wow - "I Want Candy"), born in Rangoon, Burma
  • 1968-09-28 Bess Singh [Lennart Bes], Dutch pop drummer (Burma Shop-Hippies)

Famous Deaths

  • 1760-05-15 Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)
  • 1944-03-23 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41

AssassinationAung San

1947-07-19 Aung San, Burmese general and nationalist politician, assassinated by armed paramilitaries along with 6 members of his cabinet at 32

  • 1947-07-19 U Razak, Burmese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1948-05-08 U Saw, Burmese politician (b. 1900)
  • 1952-10-31 U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1976-08-17 Murvyn Vye [Marvin], American actor (Road to Bali, Bob Cummings Show), dies of natural causes at 63
  • 1977-05-29 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (b. 1893)

AssassinationLord Mountbatten

1979-08-27 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), is assassinated by an IRA bomb on his boat in Ireland at 79

  • 1994-07-02 Maung Maung, premier of Burma (1988), dies at 69
  • 1995-02-14 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), dies at 87
  • 1996-01-28 San Yu, Burmese General and the 5th President of Burma (1981-88), dies at 77
  • 1997-07-24 Saw Maung, general/president of Myanmar (Burma) (1988-92), dies
  • 1998-02-18 Mya Than Tint, Myanmarese author, dies of brain hemorrhage at 69
  • 2002-12-05 Ne Win, Burmese leader (b. 1911)
  • 2007-10-26 Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)
  • 2012-01-01 Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician & pro-democracy activist, dies from a heart attack at 50
  • 2012-10-10 Kyaw Zaw, Burmese politician and soldier, dies at 92