Nepalese History

Historical Events

  • 1846-09-15 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 1862-12-16 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
  • 1923-12-21 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • 1934-01-15 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
  • 1950-06-03 French expedition reaches top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal
  • 1950-11-06 King Tribhuvana of Nepal flees to India
  • 1951-02-18 Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy

Historic InventionTenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest

1953-05-29 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition
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Tenzing Norgay brandishes his ice axe on the summit of Mount Everest
Tenzing Norgay brandishes his ice axe on the summit of Mount Everest
  • 1955-03-13 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
  • 1955-03-14 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • 1961-10-05 China & Nepal sign treaty
  • 1962-12-16 Nepal establishes its constitution and becomes a Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
  • 1970-05-27 British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal, 10th highest mountain
  • 1971-10-20 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.
  • 1972-01-31 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev becomes 11th King of Nepal
  • 1974-11-26 Approximately 140 die when suspension bridge collapses in Nepal

  • 1976-07-19 Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1976-12-26 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1981-10-22 The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
  • 1983-12-05 ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
  • 1985-02-24 Birendra, Bir Bikram Shah Dev crowned King of Nepal
  • 1985-04-23 Brooklyn College soccer team wins Nepal's invitational
  • 1988-08-20 6.5 earthquake strikes India/Nepal, 1,000s killed
  • 1989-05-07 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet
  • 1990-02-19 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990-04-08 King Birendra of Nepal lifts 30-year ban on political parties
  • 1990-11-09 New democratic constitution is issued in Nepal.
  • 1991-04-12 Nepalese Congress party wins general elections
  • 1991-05-15 Nepal premier Bhattarai resigns
  • 1992-04-06 A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1994-07-10 Nepal premier Girija Prasadkoirala resigns
  • 1994-11-15 Nepal Communist party Dutch Communist Party-UML wins election
  • 1994-11-30 Man Mohan Adhikary sworn in as 1st communist premier of Nepal
  • 2001-06-01 Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
  • 2001-06-04 Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascends to the throne after the massacre in the Royal Palace
  • 2003-05-26 Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.

  • 2005-02-01 Nepalese King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
  • 2006-04-22 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2006-04-24 King Gyanendra of Nepal gives into the demands of protesters and restores the parliament that he dissolved in 2002.
  • 2006-05-18 The post Loktantra Andolan government passes a landmark bill curtailing the power of the monarchy and making Nepal a secular country
  • 2007-12-28 Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.
  • 2008-05-28 The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.
  • 2012-05-05 17 people are killed and 47 missing after a flash flood in Nepal
  • 2012-07-15 39 pilgrims are killed in a bus crash in Parasi, Nepal
  • 2012-09-11 29 people are killed and 11 injured after a bus runs off a mountain highway in Nepal
  • 2012-09-28 Aircraft crash kills 16 people in Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 2012-12-28 13 people are killed and 19 are injured after a bus plunges into a river in western Nepal
  • 2013-01-11 29 people are killed and 12 are injured after a bus veers off a mountain road in Doti, Nepal
  • 2014-04-18 12 Nepalese climbers are killed by an avalanche on Mt Everest
  • 2015-04-25 7.8-magnitude earthquake near Kathmandu in Nepal, killing 8000, leaving over 100,000 homeless, destroying many historic sites
  • 2015-09-20 President Ram Baran Yadav signs Nepal's new constitution into law in Kathmandu
  • 2015-10-11 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister
  • 2017-08-09 Nepal's parliament bans menstruation huts (comes into effect August 2018)
  • 2017-08-30 Authorities say floods across Bangladesh, Nepal and India have killed more 1200 people and damaged 697,000 houses
  • 2019-05-21 Nepalese Sherpa Kami Rita sets a new record for the number of climbs of Mt Everest - 24
  • 2019-10-01 Indian government bans the export of onions, an important food staple to control prices, causing shortages in Bangladesh and Nepal

Famous Birthdays

  • 1723-01-11 Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
  • 1906-06-30 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), born in Kathmandu, Nepal (d. 1955)

Person of interestTenzing Norgay

1914-05-29 Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan climber who was the 1st to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1953 with Edmund Hillary (exact date of birth unknown, but he celebrated on the 29th), born in either northeastern Nepal or Tibet (d. 1986)

Mountaineer and Explorer Tenzing Norgay
Mountaineer and Explorer
Tenzing Norgay
  • 1920-06-11 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, King of Nepal (1955-72), born in Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Kingdom of Nepal (d. 1972)
  • 1939-08-12 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), born in Biratnagar, Morang (d. 2016)
  • 1945-12-18 Birenda Bir Bikram, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1945-12-28 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1946-09-26 Radha Krishna Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung, Nepal
  • 1947-07-07 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1951-08-22 Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung District, Nepal
  • 1952-06-27 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)
  • 1953-03-12 Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • 1962-09-13 Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1971-06-21 Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince/son of King of Nepal
  • 1980-01-22 Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese writer, born in Bhaktapur, Nepal
  • 2002-07-30 Prince Hridayendra of Nepal, Nepalese royal, born in Kathmandu, Nepal

Famous Deaths

  • 1775-01-11 Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (b. 1723)
  • 1955-03-13 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), dies under mysterious circumstances at 48
  • 1972-01-31 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, king of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
  • 1993-05-16 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), dies at 41
  • 2001-06-01 Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (b. 1949)
  • 2001-06-01 King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
  • 2001-06-04 Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971)
  • 2002-11-13 Rishikesh Shaha, Nepalese politician and writer (b. 1925)
  • 2003-07-10 Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
  • 2006-01-21 Bedanand Jha, Nepalese politician
  • 2010-03-20 Girija Prasad Koirala, Nepalese politician (b. 1925)
  • 2011-03-04 Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Indian politician and former Nepali Prime Minister (b. 1924)
  • 2016-02-09 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), dies at 76
  • 2017-04-30 Ueli Steck, Swiss mountain climber, dies in a climbing accident in Nepal at 40