Nepalese History

Historical Events

  • 1846-09-15 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 1862-12-16 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
  • 1923-12-21 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • 1934-01-15 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
  • 1950-06-03 French expedition reaches top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal
  • 1950-11-06 King Tribhuvana of Nepal flees to India
  • 1951-02-18 Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy

Historic InventionTenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest

1953-05-29 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition
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Tenzing Norgay brandishes his ice axe on the summit of Mount Everest
Tenzing Norgay brandishes his ice axe on the summit of Mount Everest
  • 1955-03-13 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
  • 1955-03-14 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • 1961-10-05 China & Nepal sign treaty
  • 1962-12-16 Nepal establishes its constitution and becomes a Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
  • 1971-10-20 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.
  • 1972-01-31 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev becomes 11th King of Nepal
  • 1974-11-26 Approximately 140 die when suspension bridge collapses in Nepal
  • 1976-07-19 Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.

  • 1976-12-26 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1981-10-22 The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
  • 1983-12-05 ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
  • 1985-02-24 Birendra, Bir Bikram Shah Dev crowned King of Nepal
  • 1985-04-23 Brooklyn College soccer team wins Nepal's invitational
  • 1988-08-20 6.5 earthquake strikes India/Nepal, 1,000s killed
  • 1989-05-07 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet
  • 1990-02-19 Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
  • 1990-04-08 King Birendra of Nepal lifts 30-year ban on political parties
  • 1990-11-09 New democratic constitution is issued in Nepal.
  • 1991-04-12 Nepalese Congress party wins general elections
  • 1991-05-15 Nepal premier Bhattarai resigns
  • 1992-04-06 A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1994-07-10 Nepal premier Girija Prasadkoirala resigns
  • 1994-11-15 Nepal Communist party Dutch Communist Party-UML wins election
  • 1994-11-30 Man Mohan Adhikary sworn in as 1st communist premier of Nepal
  • 2001-06-01 Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
  • 2001-06-04 Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascends to the throne after the massacre in the Royal Palace
  • 2003-05-26 Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.
  • 2005-02-01 Nepalese King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.

  • 2006-04-22 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2006-04-24 King Gyanendra of Nepal gives into the demands of protesters and restores the parliament that he dissolved in 2002.
  • 2006-05-18 The post Loktantra Andolan government passes a landmark bill curtailing the power of the monarchy and making Nepal a secular country
  • 2007-12-28 Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.
  • 2008-05-28 The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.
  • 2012-05-05 17 people are killed and 47 missing after a flash flood in Nepal
  • 2012-07-15 39 pilgrims are killed in a bus crash in Parasi, Nepal
  • 2012-09-11 29 people are killed and 11 injured after a bus runs off a mountain highway in Nepal
  • 2012-09-28 Aircraft crash kills 16 people in Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 2012-12-28 13 people are killed and 19 are injured after a bus plunges into a river in western Nepal
  • 2013-01-11 29 people are killed and 12 are injured after a bus veers off a mountain road in Doti, Nepal
  • 2014-04-18 12 Nepalese climbers are killed by an avalanche on Mt Everest
  • 2015-04-25 7.8-magnitude earthquake near Kathmandu in Nepal, killing 8000, leaving over 100,000 homeless, destroying many historic sites
  • 2015-09-20 President Ram Baran Yadav signs Nepal's new constitution into law in Kathmandu
  • 2015-10-11 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister

Famous Birthdays

  • 1723-01-11 Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
  • 1920-06-11 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, King of Nepal (1955-72), born in Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Kingdom of Nepal (d. 1972)
  • 1939-08-12 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), born in Biratnagar, Morang (d. 2016)
  • 1945-12-18 Birenda Bir Bikram, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1945-12-28 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1946-09-26 Radha Krishna Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung, Nepal
  • 1947-07-07 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1951-08-22 Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung District, Nepal
  • 1952-06-27 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)
  • 1953-03-12 Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • 1962-09-13 Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1971-06-21 Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince/son of King of Nepal
  • 1980-01-22 Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese writer, born in Bhaktapur, Nepal
  • 2002-07-30 Prince Hridayendra of Nepal, Nepalese royal, born in Kathmandu, Nepal

Famous Deaths

  • 1775-01-11 Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (b. 1723)
  • 1955-03-13 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), dies under mysterious circumstances at 48
  • 1972-01-31 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, king of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
  • 2001-06-01 Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (b. 1949)
  • 2001-06-01 King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
  • 2001-06-04 Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971)
  • 2002-11-13 Rishikesh Shaha, Nepalese politician and writer (b. 1925)
  • 2003-07-10 Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
  • 2006-01-21 Bedanand Jha, Nepalese politician
  • 2010-03-20 Girija Prasad Koirala, Nepalese politician (b. 1925)
  • 2011-03-04 Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Indian politician and former Nepali Prime Minister (b. 1924)
  • 2016-02-09 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), dies at 76