Arnhem in History

Historical Events

  • 1233-07-01 Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1845-05-14 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • 1856-10-20 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1944-02-22 World War II: US Army Air Forces accidentally bomb Dutch town of Nijmegen, around 800 civilians die
  • 1944-09-17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • 1944-09-21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • 1944-09-25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • 1944-09-26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • 1945-04-13 Canadian soldier Léo Major single-handedly liberates Dutch town of Zwolle by fooling Germans into thinking a raid had begun
  • 1945-04-16 World War II: Dutch town of Arnhem, site of failed Operation Market Garden, is freed by British and Canadian forces
  • 1967-09-04 Train crash at Arnhem, Netherlands, kills 5
  • 1971-02-27 Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform aborti provocati
  • 1995-03-10 Chiel Meijering's "St Louis Blues" premieres in Arnhem
  • 2018-12-03 Dutch court in Arnhem rejects man's request to legally be recognised 20 years younger

Famous Birthdays

  • 1550-08-16 Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan], Dutch lawyer, pastor and vicar, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1606)
  • 1782-09-07 Bernardus Johannes Dibbets, Dutch baron and general-major (Maastricht), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • 1826-12-26 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch publisher (Van Dale) and founder (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1894)
  • 1864-04-24 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • 1878-06-27 Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile, secretary-general of PTT, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1894-07-18 Bernard Wagenaar, Dutch-American composer (3 Songs for Chinese), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • 1897-04-29 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1898-09-24 Charlotte van Pallandt, Dutch sculptress, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1901-09-03 Eduard van Beinum, Dutch musician and conductor, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • 1902-01-25 Gerard Knuvelder, Dutch literature historian (Vocation, Kitty), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1910-08-02 Truus van Aalten [Geertruida van Aalten], Flemish actress (Girl in Blue Hat), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1999)
  • 1912-08-16 Marga Klompé, Dutch 1st female minister (CRM), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1920-09-05 Margaretha D. Ferguson-Wigerink, Dutch author (Anna & her Father), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1926-09-19 Pierre Janssen, Dutch art museum director, born in Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 2007)
  • 1929-11-25 Theo Bruins, Dutch concert pianist and composer (Sei Studi; Syncope), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1930-05-19 Hans Kox, Dutch composer (Dorian Gray), born in Arnhem
  • 1941-09-06 Willibrord Frequin, Dutch television reporter, born in Arnhem, Netherlands
  • 1967-08-02 Martin Laamers, Dutch soccer player (Vitesse), born in Arnhem, Netherlands

Famous Deaths

  • 1944-09-17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • 1944-09-18 Anthony Stefanich, British boxer and Army captain, killed in Arnhem at 27
  • 1944-09-20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • 1982-03-26 Agathe Henriette de Beaufort, Dutch writer (Dolly of Arnhem), dies at 91
  • 1993-05-21 John Frost, English soldier who led the defence of Arnhem Bridge during Operation Market Garden, dies at 80