Groningen in History

Historical Events

  • 1568-05-23 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1583-02-21 Groningen, Netherlands, begins using Gregorian calendar
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • 1587-11-27 Dutch county of Groningen flooded by failure of dyke
  • 1594-05-22 Earl Mauritius and Willem Louis begins siege of Groningen
  • 1594-07-23 Groningen surrenders to Count Mauritius/Willem Louis
  • 1614-08-23 University of Groningen opens
  • 1625-08-06 Earl Earnest Casimir appointed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1632-10-05 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Groningen
  • 1700-12-31 Frisia and Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701
  • 1701-01-12 Frisia & Groningen (Netherlands) begin use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1708-02-24 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1710-02-20 Johan Willem Friso becomes Viceroy of Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1729-09-16 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1793-04-29 Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall in the Netherlands
  • 1813-11-15 Allied troops occupies Groningen
  • 1845-03-14 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
  • 1887-04-10 Soccer team Be Quick forms in Hairs Groningen
  • 1905-01-22 Dutchman Coen de Koning wins the 1,500m, 5,000m & 10,000m at World Allround Speed Skating Championships in Groningen, Netherlands to become 2nd Dutchman to win a world title
  • 1918-04-30 Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
  • 1921-01-26 Soccer team GVAV of Groningen Neth forms
  • 1929-05-01 Farm workers strike begins in East-Groningen
  • 1945-04-16 German troops in Groningen surrender
  • 1959-07-22 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1960-10-14 Belgian senator Victor Leemans reveals huge gas field in Groningen
  • 1962-02-21 Minister De Pous confirms natural gas reserves in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1971-06-16 Groningen soccer team forms in Groningen

Famous Birthdays

  • 1573-12-22 Ernst Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1632)
  • 1599-09-20 Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader, born in Gröningen, Germany (d. 1623)
  • 1682-03-07 Johan Willem, Duke of Ripperda, Dutch political adventurer, born in Oldehove, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1737)
  • 1695-02-06 Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1726)
  • 1752-08-27 Herman Muntinghe, Dutch theologist (History of Mankind), born in Termunten, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1824)
  • 1764-09-17 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1786)
  • 1801-04-12 Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar and secession leader, born in Veendam, Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 1842)
  • 1805-12-10 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, born in Winsum, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1865)
  • 1819-09-07 Adriaan van Bevervoorde, Dutch journalist (History of Holland), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1851)
  • 1826-01-25 Rembt Tobias Hugo Pieter Liebrecht Alexander van Boneval Faure, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • 1837-05-29 Alexander de Savornin Lohman, Dutch minister and party leader (CHU), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • 1849-12-26 Samuel "Sam" van Beem, Flemish actor (Fanfan la Tulipe), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • 1853-09-21 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1926)
  • 1862-09-13 Dirk Bos, Dutch Liberal 2nd Member of Parliament, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1916)
  • 1870-12-14 Dirk Jan de Geer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-29, 39-40), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1872-12-07 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1873-07-19 Louis Zimmermann, Dutch violinist and 1st concert master of Concert building, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1954)

Person of interestJaap Eden

1873-10-19 Jaap Eden, Dutch world champion cyclist and speed skater, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1925)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • 1878-07-19 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1880-09-08 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1882-04-29 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1884-05-02 François de Vries, Dutch economist, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • 1888-02-17 Henrietta "Hetty" Beck, Dutch hearing actress (Bouwmeester Award), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1903-02-17 Johannes Linthorst Homan, director of the queen in Groningen
  • 1906-08-03 Leonhard Huizinga, Dutch journalist and writer (Adriaan & Olivier), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1907-06-11 Anton Hildebrand, Dutch children's book writer (Man in the Moon), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1914-03-08 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1922-05-15 Selma Engel [Saartje Wijnberg], Dutch born Jew, the first to tell of Nazi Sobibor extermination camp, born in Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • 1931-01-01 Carel Brons, Dutch composer, born in Groningen (d. 1983)
  • 1938-03-29 Bert de Vries, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (CDA), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1944-08-01 Elske ter Veld, Dutch politician (State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • 1961-09-20 Erwin Koeman, Dutch soccer player (PSV, FC Groningen), born in Zaandam, Netherlands
  • 1963-02-10 Harris Huizingh, Dutch football player (FC Groningen)
  • 1963-12-25 Joop Gall, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen)
  • 1966-03-03 Claus Boekweg, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen, FC Zwolle)
  • 1967-02-13 Bas Roorda, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen, NEC), born in Assen, Netherlands
  • 1967-02-19 Roel Liefden, soccer player (Dordrecht '90, FC Groningen)
  • 1967-02-21 Patrick Lodewijks, Dutch soccer player (PSV, FC Groningen), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1968-10-22 Warry van Wattum, Dutch soccer player (Dordrecht '90, FC Groningen)
  • 1969-01-28 John Veenhof, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen)
  • 1969-09-22 Marian Chlad, soccer player (FC Groningen)
  • 1971-06-09 Romano Sion, soccer player (Dordrecht '90/FC Groningen)
  • 1971-08-02 Dick Schreuder, Dutch soccer player (PSV/FC Groningen/RKC), born in Barneveld, Netherlands
  • 1971-09-23 Marcel Boudesteyn, soccer player (Excelsior/FC Groningen)
  • 1972-11-10 Dick Kooijman, Dutch soccer player (Heracles, FC Groningen, Az), born in Wijk bij Duurstede, Netherlands
  • 1973-01-09 Ronald Hamming, Dutch football player (FC Groningen, Fortuna Sittard), born in Zeegse, Netherlands
  • 1974-01-08 Arjan Blaauw, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen), born in Stadskanaal, Netherlands
  • 1974-01-31 Bob Mulder, Dutch football player (Appingedam, FC Groningen), born in Delfzijl, Netherlands
  • 1974-09-11 Lucian Sahetapy, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1974-12-06 Arjan Ebbinge, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen), born in Veendam, Netherlands
  • 1977-06-09 Zephnad Wattimury, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen)

Famous Deaths

  • 1540-02-02 George Schenck van Toutenburg, gov/viceroy of Frisia/Groningen
  • 1580-03-03 Jacob Hillebrand, Dutch mayor of Groningen, dies
  • 1600-09-10 John Bruhesius, [Bruhesen], bishop of Groningen, dies