Leiden in History

Historical Events

  • 1537-02-19 Weavers of Leiden, Netherlands, strike
  • 1574-10-01 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • 1574-10-03 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen and the forces of Admiral Boisot
  • 1575-02-08 University Leiden founded, and given the motto "Praesidium Libertatis"
  • 1581-08-02 Leiden University names Snellius math professor
  • 1587-10-31 Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1595-05-24 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library
  • 1620-07-31 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden for England before heading to America
  • 1807-01-12 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die

Famous Birthdays

  • 1561-06-24 Rombout Hogerbeets, lawyer/pension minister of Leiden

Person of interestRembrandt van Rijn

1606-07-15 Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch painter (Night Watch), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1669)

  • 1607-10-24 John Lievens, Dutch painter, etcher and wood carver, born in Leiden, Dutch Republic (d. 1674)
  • 1626-08-14 Daniel Elsevier, book publisher, born in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherland (d. 1680)
  • 1629-04-23 Jan Commelin, Dutch botanist and director of Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1692)
  • 1635-04-16 Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1681)
  • 1700-05-07 Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian physician (Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's personal physician), born in Leiden, Netherlaands (d. 1772)
  • 1751-01-12 Jacob M R Lenz, writer (Das Leidende Weib)
  • 1764-04-12 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, Regent of Holland, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1819)
  • 1786-08-01 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1801-01-12 Louise Sophie Blussé, Dutch author, born in Leiden, Holland (d. 1896)

Person of interestJohannes van der Waals

1837-11-23 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1923)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • 1871-03-27 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1884-07-04 Alexander Byvanck, Dutch art historian and archaeologist, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1894-04-02 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, born in Appingedam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1902-10-12 Dick Binnendijk, Dutch poet and literary critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transistion), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1984)
  • 1924-04-20 Nina Foch, Dutch-American actress (The Ten Commandments, Spartacus, An American in Paris), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • 1944-07-23 Judith Bosch, Dutch radio and TV-hostess (Tweekamp, Zeskamp), born in Leiden, Netherlands

Famous Deaths

  • 1980-12-15 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, dies at 86