Rotterdam in History

Historical Events

  • 1340-06-07 Rotterdam Netherlands founded
  • 1699-09-22 People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • 1740-08-13 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1816-05-10 British steamship "Defiance" arrives at Rotterdam harbor
  • 1823-06-16 King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • 1844-01-01 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • 1847-05-31 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
  • 1855-05-03 Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
  • 1855-07-20 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
  • 1855-08-03 Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 1864-02-15 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
  • 1874-10-01 Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • 1878-04-02 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
  • 1888-04-01 Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
  • 1902-07-23 Dutch Excelsior soccer club is established in Rotterdam (Eerste Divisie winners 1973-4, 78-79, 2005-06)
  • 1905-09-18 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • 1905-11-04 Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • 1908-07-19 Feyenoord soccer team forms in Rotterdam
  • 1908-10-01 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
  • 1920-02-12 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • 1920-09-01 New town hall of Rotterdam opens
  • 1921-04-14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1922-01-09 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • 1922-10-07 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • 1928-05-01 Rotterdam soccer club Black White '28 is established (2000 Women's KNVB Cup), declared bankrupt 2004
  • 1935-07-06 Rotterdam architect A van de Steurs Museum Boymans opens
  • 1937-03-27 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • 1938-11-29 Mayor Oud of Rotterdam forbids soccer match between Neth-Germany
  • 1940-05-14 Nazis bomb Rotterdam (600-900 dead), Netherlands surrenders to Germany
  • 1942-02-14 Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
  • 1942-07-19 German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and The Hague
  • 1942-08-07 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • 1943-03-31 US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
  • 1944-10-24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • 1944-11-10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 1944-11-28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • 1945-10-05 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam
  • 1946-04-16 NSB mayor of Rotterdam, Netherlands, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-05-13 Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1946-07-02 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam and Amsterdam
  • 1950-08-15 Rotterdam dock strike begins
  • 1950-08-22 Rotterdam dock strike ends
  • 1953-05-15 Osip Zadkine's monument to "The destroyed city" unveiled in Rotterdam
  • 1956-10-01 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • 1958-09-13 Queen Juliana christens passenger ship Rotterdam
  • 1960-02-27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens
  • 1960-06-27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-06-04 Lee Harvey Oswald departs Rotterdam on SS Maasdam to US

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1963-05-15 Tottenham Hotspur of England win 3rd European Cup winner's Cup against Atlético Madrid of Spain 5-1 at Rotterdam
  • 1965-02-01 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Brienenoord Bridge in Rotterdam
  • 1968-02-09 Rotterdam metro opened by Princess Beatrix
  • 1968-05-23 AC Milan of Italy win 8th European Cup Winner's Cup against Hamburger SV of West Germany 2-0 in Rotterdam
  • 1970-09-15 Rotterdam dock strikes end
  • 1972-05-31 16th European Cup: Ajax beats Internazionale 2-0 at Rotterdam
  • 1974-05-08 FC Magdenburg of East Germany win 14th European Cup Winner's Cup against AC Milan of Italy 2-0 in Rotterdam
  • 1974-10-18 Andre van de Louw appointed Mayor of Rotterdam
  • 1977-02-28 Dock strike in Rotterdam/Amsterdam ends
  • 1981-07-01 Prince Willem Alexander opens Willems Bridge in Rotterdam
  • 1982-05-26 26th European Cup: Aston Villa beats Bayern Munich 1-0 at Rotterdam
  • 1982-06-12 Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel perform in Rotterdam
  • 1985-05-15 Everton of England wins 25th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rapid Wien of Austria 3-1 in Rotterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987-08-25 Madonna sings in Rotterdam

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
Madonna
  • 1991-04-02 Rotterdam Daily Newspaper begins publishing
  • 1991-05-15 Manchester United of England win 31th European Cup Winner's Cup against FC Barcelona 2-1 in Rotterdam
  • 1994-09-15 "Sound of Motown" premieres in Rotterdam
  • 1997-05-14 FC Barcelona of Spain win 37th European Cup Winner's Cup against Paris Saint-Germain of France 1-0 in Rotterdam
  • 2000-07-02 UEFA European Championship Final: David Trezeguet scores in extra time to give France a 2-1 win over Italy in Rotterdam
  • 2009-10-23 The United Nations "Rotterdam Rules" convention regulating international maritime carriage of goods is ratified with its twentieth signature.
  • 2018-08-16 World's first floating dairy farm opens in Merwehaven harbour, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, with 40 cows milked by robots

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestErasmus

1466-10-28 Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1536)

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
Erasmus
  • 1615-03-28 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent and diplomat (First Stadtholderless Period of the Dutch Republic), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1678)
  • 1619-11-03 Willem Kalf, Rotterdam Neth, painter (still lifes)
  • 1648-04-04 Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born British sculptor and woodcarver, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1721)
  • 1649-04-09 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1685)
  • 1751-09-13 Henry Kobell, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1779)
  • 1753-07-06 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, baptized
  • 1756-11-04 Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner
  • 1762-04-13 Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis, Dutch actress (Phaedra, Lady Macbeth), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1827)
  • 1762-10-27 Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, Dutch count and Minister of Foreign affairs (1813-14), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1834)
  • 1763-07-17 Johannes Hendricus van der Palm, Dutch theologist and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1840)
  • 1807-05-24 Cornelis Eliza van Koetsveld, Dutch writer and preacher, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1893)
  • 1830-03-26 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • 1841-07-11 Daniël de Lange, Dutch composer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1918)
  • 1852-02-02 Teunis Stoel, Dutch actor and director (Small Theater), born in Rotterdam (d. 1914)
  • 1852-08-30 Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff, Dutch physical chemist (Nobel 1901), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1911)
  • 1853-07-29 Esther de Boer-van Rijk, Dutch actress (Kniertje-Hope of Blessing), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • 1857-09-12 George H. Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1861-07-23 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1864-08-08 Henri de Vries [Hendricus Van Walterop], Dutch actor (Cleopatra, White Cargo), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • 1869-01-19 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • 1871-06-14 Theo Frenkel, Dutch actor (Footlights, Hague's Comedy), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1871-11-25 Cornelis J "Cor" van Ast, Dutch actor and director (Ghost Hotel, Two Boys), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • 1872-04-04 Pauline de Haan-Manifarges, Dutch singer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • 1873-03-14 Johannes Aengenent, Bishop of Haarlem (1928-35), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1873-04-29 Alida J M Tartaud-Klein, Dutch actress and nomination artist (Rotterdam Stage), born in Amsterdam (d. 1938)
  • 1879-04-11 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • 1880-11-01 Karel Paul van der Mandele, financier/director (Rotterdamsche Bank)
  • 1880-11-06 Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • 1883-06-20 Jules Verstraete [Julien Gustave de Graef], Flemish actor (rubber, The Three Wishes), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • 1884-02-26 Dina Appeldoorn, Dutch pianist and composer, born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (d. 1938)
  • 1884-07-06 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (town hall Hilversum/Beehive Rotterdam)
  • 1885-06-26 Anna Maria Franciska van Wageningen-Salomons, Dutch author (Girl Student), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1886-12-05 Pieter J Old, lawyer/minister of Finance/mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52)
  • 1887-08-18 Nico J. Polak, Dutch economist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1889-02-18 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • 1892-07-29 Ernst van Raalte, Dutch journalist (Seen, heard... wrote), born in Rotterdam, South Holland (d. 1975)
  • 1894-07-26 Lodewijk Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1898-10-25 Sidney James van den Bergh, Dutch businessman and politician, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1902-04-17 Anton Beuving, Dutch lyricist (Ketelbinkie), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands d. 1977)
  • 1902-06-26 Antonia Brico, Dutch-American conductor and pianist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1904-04-24 Willem De Kooning, Dutch artist (North Atlantic Light), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1905-08-29 Martinus A. Jansen, Bishop of Rotterdam (1956-70), born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • 1908-03-27 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1911-08-28 Joseph Luns, Dutch Foreign Minister and Secretary General (NATO), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1912-05-02 Marten Toonder, Dutch comic writer and cartoonist (Tom Puss), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1912-08-13 Metten Koornstra, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1913-01-28 Jan Masseus, Dutch composer, born in Rotterdam (d. 1999)
  • 1913-03-09 Gerarda Brautigam, Dutch journalist and politician (Partij van de Arbeid), born in Rotterdam (d. 1982)
  • 1916-07-18 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1916-10-27 Bob de Lange [Jacob Bernard de Lange], Dutch actor and director (Daniel), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1919-02-26 Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (3 x Olympic gold 1936), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • 1920-08-23 Aart Verstegen, Dutch ballet dancer and choreographer (Jolly Joker's Last Joke), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1998)
  • 1920-08-28 Frits Bernard, American clinical psychologist and pedophile activist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • 1920-12-30 Aad de Haas, Dutch religious painter, graphic artist and cartoonist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1929-03-23 Gerrit den Braber, Dutch song writer and lyricist (Ring-dinge-ding, I See a Star), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1930-03-27 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist and writer (Bird Watching), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1931-05-07 Nel Ginjaar-Maas, Dutch under-secretary of Education (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1931-07-25 Kees [Cornelis Pieter] van Dijk, Dutch minister of the Interior, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • 1931-12-03 Ellen Blazer [Esther Clara Blazer], Dutch TV director (Sonja), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1932-05-07 Hans Boskamp [Johannes Hendricus Gerardus Hoelscher], Dutch actor and producer (Oh My Papa), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2011)
  • 1933-02-08 Elly Ameling, Rotterdam Holland, soprano (Ilya-Idomeneo)
  • 1936-09-28 Robert Wolders, Rotterdam Holland, actor (Erik Hunter-Laredo)
  • 1938-11-08 Pleuni Touw, Dutch actress (Bride Flight, Dokter Deen), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
  • 1939-05-07 Ruud Lubbers, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1982-94), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • 1941-07-19 Neelie Kroes, Dutch politician (VVD) and Minister of Traffic, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1942-08-02 Leo Beenhakker, Dutch soccer trainer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1944-08-28 Marianne Heemskerk, Dutch swimmer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1952-07-10 Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician (Labour Party), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1954-08-30 Gerard Hadders, Dutch postage stamp designer (1991 children stamp), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1961-03-13 Cor Lems, Dutch soccer player (ADO The Hague/Dordrecht '90), born in Rotterdam, Netherlansds
  • 1963-05-02 Jos van Eck, Dutch soccer player (Sparta), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1970-11-15 Karin van Breeschoten, Rotterdam Holland, playmate (Sept, 1989)
  • 1970-11-15 Mirjam van Breeschoten, Rotterdam Holland, playmate (Sept, 1989)
  • 1973-12-16 Kristie Boogert, Rotterdam Neth, tennis star (1996 Paris)
  • 1974-03-18 Petra Kamstra, Rotterdam Holland, tennis star (1995 Surabaya doubles)
  • 1974-04-27 Carlos Fortes, Dutch soccer player (Sparta), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1979-08-24 Orlando Engelaar, Dutch international footballer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands

Famous Deaths

  • 1581-04-03 Huibert Duifhuis, Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam/Utrecht), dies
  • 1686-10-08 Adriaen Paets, Rotterdams regent/diplomat, dies at about 55
  • 1693-07-31 Willem Calf, Rotterdams still life painter, dies at 73
  • 1773-09-20 Pieter de Swart, architect (Delfts Port Rotterdam), dies at 63
  • 1800-04-30 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 1846-06-20 Pieter Adams, architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • 1850-01-14 Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
  • 1938-02-18 Alida J M Tartaud-Klein, Dutch actress and nomination artist (Rotterdam Stage), dies at 64
  • 1939-07-02 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor of Rotterdam (1906-22), dies
  • 1959-04-13 Rigardus "Rijn" Rijnhout, Giant of Rotterdam (2.375m), dies at 38
  • 1968-08-12 Pieter J Auld, mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52), dies at 81
  • 1975-01-23 Karel Paul van der Mandele, director (Rotterdam Bank), dies at 94
  • 1983-03-28 Martinus A. Jansen, Bishop of Rotterdam (1956-70), dies at 77
  • 1992-03-18 Cornelis B Vaandrager, [C Vaan], poet (Giant of Rotterdam), dies at 56
  • 1992-12-02 Loek Elfferich, Dutch journalist/historian (Treason in Rotterdam), die
  • 1995-01-22 Nico Adriaans, founder of Rotterdam Junkiebond, dies of AIDS at 37