Maori in History

Historical Events


DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1642-12-18 Abel Tasman's expedition sails around Farewell Spit and into Golden Bay, first sighting local Māori in New Zealand

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • 1642-12-19 4 of Abel Tasman's crew killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1773-12-18 A skirmish at Grass Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound results in the deaths of two Māori and nine members of James Cook's expedition, New Zealand

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1819-11-04 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • 1835-11-19 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Waitangi

1840-02-06 The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Māori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand. The treaty was designed to share sovereignty between the two groups.
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The Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and various Māori chiefs
The Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and various Māori chiefs
  • 1845-03-11 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
  • 1860-08-03 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand
  • 1863-07-12 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1863-07-17 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • 1863-10-31 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.

Victory in BattleBattle of Gate Pā

1864-04-29 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga
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Māori and British troops clash at the pā
Māori and British troops clash at the pā
  • 1868-07-04 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • 1869-03-14 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand
  • 1881-11-05 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand
  • 1888-10-03 New Zealand Natives, a privately organised and mainly Māori rugby team, plays first game in UK; beats Surry 4-1; first national rugby team to wear all-black & perform the 'haka'
  • 1916-04-02 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana
  • 1987-04-04 141st Grand National: Jockey Steve Knight wins his second GN aboard 28/1 shot Maori Venture by 5 lengths from The Tsarevich
  • 1987-08-01 In New Zealand, the Maori Language Act comes into force, making te reo Māori an official language of New Zealand; it can now be used in some legal proceedings
  • 1988-07-01 In New Zealand, Bastion Point land returned to the local Maori iwi (tribe), Ngāti Whātua

Famous Birthdays

  • 1874-07-03 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1931-07-23 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years, born in Waahi Marae, Huntly, New Zealand (d. 2006)
  • 1971-01-23 Adam Parore, New Zealand cricket wicket-keeper (NZ, 1st Maori Test centurion), born in Auckland, New Zealand

Famous Weddings

  • 2004-07-31 Lady Davina Windsor (26) weds surfer and the first Maori to marry into the Royal Family Gary Lewis (33) at the chapel in Kensington Palace in London

Famous Deaths

  • 1860-06-25 Pōtatau Te Wherowhero, The Māori King, Waikato, New Zealand
  • 1894-08-26 Te Wherowhero Tāwhia, Second Māori King and leader of the Waikato tribes in New Zealand, dies at 71 or 72
  • 1898-04-15 Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader, dies in his 70s
  • 1950-07-14 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, dies at 76
  • 2006-08-15 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years, dies at 75
  • 2006-09-19 Hugh Kawharu, New Zealander Ngāti Whātua Māori chief (b. 1927)
  • 2007-04-13 Don Selwyn, Māori actor & film director, dies at 71
  • 2007-09-03 Syd Jackson, Māori activist and trade unionist (b. 1939)