Palestinian History

Historical Events

  • 0415-10-17 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 0636-07-23 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire
  • 1165-05-16 Ramjbam & his family reach Acre Palestine

Historic Event

1191-07-12 English King Richard I the Lionheart and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

  • 1260-09-03 Battle of Ain Jalut: Bahr: Mamluk of Egypt defeat Mongol army led by Kitbuqa in the Levant - often labelled a turning point in world history, saving the Arabic-Islamic civilization from destruction
  • 1291-07-31 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1759-10-31 Earthquake in Safed, Palestine kills hundreds

Victory in Battle

1799-03-08 Napoleon Bonaparte's forces capture the city of Jaffa from the Ottoman Empire in Palestine, after a 5 day siege

  • 1809-08-08 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
  • 1818-11-21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • 1834-06-15 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1835-07-25 Ibrahim Pasha's army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine
  • 1882-07-06 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1901-09-12 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1912-04-11 Cornerstone of Technion laid in Haifa, Palestine
  • 1913-07-23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • 1913-12-12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • 1915-03-02 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • 1917-01-09 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1917-10-31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse

Historic Event

1917-11-02 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

  • 1917-11-07 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks
  • 1918-02-21 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • 1918-09-01 Battle of Megiddo starts, the final Allied offense during Sinai and Palestine campaign won by the Allies
  • 1919-01-03 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • 1920-04-20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • 1920-04-24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • 1920-07-01 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • 1921-06-19 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • 1922-09-11 British mandate of Palestine begins

Historic Event

1922-09-21 US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine

  • 1924-06-11 Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • 1924-06-13 Bene Berak, Palestine, founded
  • 1927-07-02 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • 1929-08-14 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • 1929-08-24 Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
  • 1933-07-21 Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens
  • 1934-02-10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • 1936-04-19 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • 1936-04-20 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • 1937-09-08 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • 1938-08-26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • 1939-05-23 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949

Historic Event

1939-08-29 Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II

  • 1940-05-01 140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship

Historic Event

1942-05-12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

  • 1943-05-01 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • 1945-08-25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • 1946-06-29 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • 1946-06-29 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv
  • 1946-07-22 Militant Zionist organization Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities injuring 46

Historic Event

1946-07-23 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

  • 1946-08-13 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • 1946-10-06 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • 1947-02-07 The UK announces its intention to end the Mandate for Palestine
  • 1947-07-18 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
  • 1947-11-29 UN General Assembly vote to allow the partition of Palestine between Arabs & Jews
  • 1947-12-29 Ship carrying Jewish immigrants driven away from Palestine
  • 1948-02-01 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • 1948-05-15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • 1948-08-23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine

Appointment of Interest

1948-09-18 Ralph Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine

  • 1948-10-29 Safsaf massacre, Israeli defence forces attack Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee
  • 1948-12-01 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
  • 1948-12-08 Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine
  • 1951-07-20 King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem

Historic Event

1956-01-16 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

  • 1956-07-25 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • 1962-03-09 Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians
  • 1964-05-28 Palestine National Congress forms the PLO in Jerusalem
  • 1964-09-10 Palestinian Liberation Army (PLA) forms
  • 1965-01-01 Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms
  • 1967-12-11 People's Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established
  • 1968-07-02 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)

Historic Event

1969-02-04 The Palestine National Congress appoints Yasser Arafat chairman of the PLO

  • 1969-02-23 Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
  • 1969-04-24 Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians
  • 1970-09-06 Palestinians seize 3 airliners
  • 1970-09-07 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacks 4 planes and forces them to land at Dawson's Field, Jordan
  • 1970-09-08 Black September hijackings begin, three airliners hijacked and blown up by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
  • 1970-09-12 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1970-09-13 Palestine guerillas conquer Irbid Jordania
  • 1972-05-08 Sabena aircraft at Lod International Airport, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians
  • 1972-09-05 11 Israeli athletes taken hostage and later killed by Palestinian Black September group at the Munich Olympics
  • 1973-09-28 Palestinian Terrorists hijack Austrian train
  • 1973-11-25 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai
  • 1973-11-28 Arab League summit in Algiers recognizes Palestine
  • 1974-11-22 UN General Assembly recognizes Palestine right to sovereignty
  • 1975-04-13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • 1976-01-12 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organization
  • 1976-03-30 Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • 1976-06-27 Air France A-300B Airbus hijacked from Athens arrives at Entebbe, Uganda; four hijackers, members of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Bader-Meinhof Gang in Germany
  • 1976-07-04 Israel launches hostage rescue mission of 106 Air France crew and passengers held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers. Three hostages die along with all the hijackers, numerous Ugandan soldiers and Yonatan Netanyahu, an Israeli soldier
  • 1976-08-12 Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
  • 1976-09-04 Palestinians hijack KLM DC-9 to Cyprus
  • 1976-09-29 Syria drives Palestinian guerrillas out of Lebanon
  • 1977-01-11 France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics

Historic Event

1977-03-16 US President Jimmy Carter pleads for a Palestinian homeland

  • 1978-10-02 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed
  • 1978-11-29 UN observes "international day of solidarity with Palestinian people," boycotted by US & about 20 other countries

Famous Birthdays

  • 1886-07-10 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1887-05-01 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1983)
  • 1919-06-10 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921-01-01 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher, born in Jaffa, British-mandate Palestine (d. 1986)
  • 1921-04-09 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (d. 2015)
  • 1922-08-29 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), born in Haifa (d. 1996)
  • 1926-01-10 Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist, thinker, and politician, born in Beit She'an, Israel (d. 2017)

Mahmoud Abbas

1935-03-26 Mahmoud Abbas, 2nd President of the Palestine National Authority (2005-present), born in Safed, Mandatory Palestine

  • 1935-10-10 Khalil al-Wazir [Abu Jihad], Founder of Palestinian group Fatah and PLO leader, born in Ramla, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1988)
  • 1935-11-01 Edward Said, Palestinian-American literary critic, born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine (d. 2003)
  • 1941-03-13 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, born in al-Birwa, Galilee (d. 2008)
  • 1943-10-11 Gene Watson, American country singer ("Love in the Hot Afternoon"; "Fourteen Carat Mind"), born in Palestine, Texas

Sirhan Sirhan

1944-03-19 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin of US Senator Robert F. Kennedy, born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine

  • 1944-11-01 (Richard) "Kinky" Friedman, American country rocker ("Ride 'Em Jewboy"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1948-12-10 Abu Abbas [Muhammad Zaidan], Palestinian founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (PLO), born in Yarmouk Camp (d. 2004)

Famous Weddings

Yasser Arafat

1990-07-17 Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat (56) weds Suha Tawil (27)

Famous Deaths

  • 0309-02-16 Pamphilus van Caesarea, Palestinian scholar and martyr, beheaded
  • 1572-07-25 Isaac Luria, Jewish mystic (considered the founder of Kabbalah), dies at around 38 years of age
  • 1620-05-06 Hayyim ben Joseph Vital, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1543)
  • 1946-11-23 Fawzi Husseini, Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered
  • 1948-09-17 Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (UN mediator for Palestine), assassinated by Zionist group at 53
  • 1974-07-04 Mohammed SA al-Hoesseini, Mufti of Jerusalem/pres Com Palestine, dies
  • 1978-08-03 Ezzedin Kalak, Palestinian PLO representative in Paris, murdered
  • 1982-09-27 Saad Sayd [Abu Walid], Palestinian commandant in Lebanon, dies
  • 1984-01-23 Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986-05-27 Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1992-07-24 Khaled Mahmoud Saeed, asst to Palestine terrorist Abu Nidal, murdered
  • 1993-04-01 Ihsan Mohamed Salem [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
  • 1993-10-21 Assad Saftawi, Palestinian co-founder of al-Fatah, murdered at 58
  • 1993-11-15 Mouin Shabaita, Palestinian al-Fatah commandant, murdered
  • 1993-11-24 Imad Aqal, Palestinian Hamas leader, dies at 24
  • 1993-11-26 Imad Aqal, Palestinian Izz-Danish al-Qassem-leader, shot to death
  • 1993-11-28 Abu Rish, Palestinian PLO-leader, dies at 23
  • 1993-11-28 Khaled Moustapha Zir, Palestinian Hamas leader, shot to death at 25
  • 1994-07-04 Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
  • 1996-05-02 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), dies at 73
  • 1997-02-17 Zein Isa, Palestinian militant imprisoned in the United States for the honor killing of his daughter
  • 2001-08-27 Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (assassinated) (b. 1938)
  • 2002-03-29 Rachel Levy and Ayat al-Akhras, Israeli and Palestinian children
  • 2002-08-16 Abu Nidal, Palestinian political leader (b. 1937)
  • 2003-09-25 Edward Said, Palestinian-American literary critic, dies at 67
  • 2004-03-22 Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian co-founder of Hamas (b. ca. 1937)

Yasser Arafat

2004-11-11 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, dies in Paris at 75

  • 2007-09-25 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian negotiator (b. 1919)
  • 2008-08-09 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, dies at 66
  • 2010-01-12 Hasib Sabbagh, Palestinian businessman and philanthropist, co-founder of Consolidated Contractors Company (b. 1920)
  • 2012-11-14 Ahmed Jabari, Palestinian political activist, killed by an airstrike at 53
  • 2014-12-10 Ziad Abu Ein, Palestinian government minister, killed in confrontation with Israeli troops at protest on West Bank