Palestinian History

Historical Events

  • 0415-10-17 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 0636-07-23 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire
  • 1165-05-16 Ramjbam & his family reach Acre Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191-07-12 English King Richard I the Lionheart and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

  • 1260-09-03 Battle of Ain Djaloet, Palestine defeats Mongols army
  • 1291-07-31 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1759-10-31 Earthquake in Safed, Palestine kills hundreds

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1799-03-06 Napoleon Bonaparte captures city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1799-03-26 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1809-08-08 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius, arrive in Palestine
  • 1818-11-21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • 1834-06-15 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1835-07-25 Ibrahim Pasha's army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine
  • 1882-07-06 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1901-09-12 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1912-04-11 Cornerstone of Technion laid in Haifa, Palestine
  • 1913-07-23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • 1913-12-12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • 1915-03-02 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
  • 1917-01-09 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1917-10-31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-11-02 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1917-11-07 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks
  • 1918-02-21 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • 1918-09-01 Battle of Megiddo starts, the final Allied offense during Sinai and Palestine campaign won by the Allies
  • 1919-01-03 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • 1920-04-20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • 1920-04-24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • 1920-07-01 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • 1921-06-19 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • 1922-09-11 British mandate of Palestine begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-09-21 US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1924-06-11 Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • 1924-06-13 Bene Berak, Palestine, founded
  • 1927-07-02 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • 1929-08-14 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • 1929-08-24 Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
  • 1933-07-21 Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens
  • 1934-02-10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • 1936-04-19 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • 1936-04-20 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • 1937-09-08 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • 1938-08-26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • 1939-05-23 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
  • 1939-08-29 Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II
  • 1940-05-01 140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942-05-12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1943-05-01 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • 1945-08-25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • 1946-06-29 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • 1946-06-29 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv
  • 1946-07-22 Militant Zionist organisation Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities injuring 46

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-07-23 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1946-08-13 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • 1946-10-06 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • 1947-02-07 The UK announces its intention to end the Mandate for Palestine
  • 1947-07-18 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
  • 1947-11-29 UN Gen Assembly partitions Palestine between Arabs & Jews
  • 1947-12-29 Ship carrying Jewish immigrants driven away from Palestine
  • 1948-02-01 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • 1948-05-15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • 1948-08-23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1948-09-18 Ralph Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1948-10-29 Safsaf massacre, Israeli defence forces attack Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee
  • 1948-12-01 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
  • 1948-12-08 Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine
  • 1951-07-20 King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956-01-16 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1956-07-25 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • 1962-03-09 Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians
  • 1964-05-28 Palestine National Congress forms the PLO in Jerusalem
  • 1964-09-10 Palestinian Liberation Army (PLA) forms
  • 1965-01-01 Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms
  • 1967-12-11 People's Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established
  • 1968-07-02 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969-02-04 The Palestine National Congress appoints Yasser Arafat chairman of the PLO

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1969-02-23 Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
  • 1969-04-24 Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians
  • 1970-09-06 Palestinians seize 3 airliners
  • 1970-09-07 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacks 4 planes and forces them to land at Dawson's Field, Jordan
  • 1970-09-08 Black September hijackings begin, three airliners hijacked and blown up by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
  • 1970-09-12 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1970-09-13 Palestine guerillas conquer Irbid Jordania
  • 1972-05-08 Sabena aircraft at Lod International Airport, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians
  • 1972-09-05 11 Israeli athletes taken hostage and later killed by Palestinian Black September group at the Munich Olympics
  • 1973-09-28 Palestinian Terrorists hijack Austrian train
  • 1973-11-25 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai
  • 1973-11-28 Arab League summit in Algiers recognizes Palestine
  • 1974-11-22 UN General Assembly recognizes Palestine right to sovereignty
  • 1975-04-13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • 1976-01-12 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organisation
  • 1976-03-30 Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • 1976-06-27 Air France A-300B Airbus hijacked from Athens arrives at Entebbe, Uganda; four hijackers members Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Bader-Meinhof Gang in Germany
  • 1976-07-04 Israel launches hostage rescue mission of 106 Air France crew and passengers held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers. Three hostages die along with all the hijackers, numerous Ugandan soldiers and Yonatan Netanyahu, an Israeli soldier
  • 1976-08-12 Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
  • 1976-09-04 Palestinians hijack KLM DC-9 to Cyprus
  • 1976-09-29 Syria drives Palestinian guerrillas out of Lebanon
  • 1977-01-11 France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977-03-16 US President Jimmy Carter pleads for a Palestinian homeland

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978-10-02 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed

Famous Birthdays

  • 1886-07-10 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1887-05-01 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1983)
  • 1919-06-10 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921-01-01 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher, born in Jaffa, British-mandate Palestine (d. 1986)
  • 1921-04-09 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (d. 2015)
  • 1922-08-29 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), born in Haifa (d. 1996)
  • 1926-01-10 Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist, thinker, and politician, born in Beit She'an, Israel (d. 2017)

Person of interestMahmoud Abbas

1935-03-26 Mahmoud Abbas, 2nd President of the Palestine National Authority (2005-present), born in Safed, Mandatory Palestine

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas
  • 1935-10-10 Khalil al-Wazir [Abu Jihad], Founder of Palestinian group Fatah and PLO leader, born in Ramla, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1988)
  • 1935-11-01 Edward Said, Palestinian-American literary critic, born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine (d. 2003)
  • 1941-03-13 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, born in al-Birwa, Galilee (d. 2008)
  • 1943-10-11 Gene Watson, American country singer (Heartaches, Love & Stuff), born in Palestine, Texas
  • 1944-03-19 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • 1944-11-01 Richard "Kinky" Friedman, American country rocker (Ride 'em Jewboy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1948-12-10 Abu Abbas [Muhammad Zaidan], Palestinian founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (PLO), born in Yarmouk Camp (d. 2004)

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

1990-07-17 Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat (56) weds Suha Tawil (27)

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat

Famous Deaths

  • 0309-02-16 Pamphilus van Caesarea, Palestinian scholar/martyr, beheaded
  • 1572-07-25 Isaac Luria, Jewish mystic (considered the founder of Kabbalah), dies at around 38 years of age
  • 1620-05-06 Hayyim ben Joseph Vital, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1543)
  • 1946-11-23 Fawzi Husseini, Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered
  • 1948-09-17 Count Folke Bernadotte, UN mediator for Palestine, assassinated
  • 1974-07-04 Mohammed SA al-Hoesseini, Mufti of Jerusalem/pres Com Palestine, dies
  • 1978-08-03 Ezzedin Kalak, Palestinian PLO representative in Paris, murdered
  • 1982-09-27 Saad Sayd [Abu Walid], Palestinian commandant in Lebanon, dies
  • 1984-01-23 Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986-05-27 Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1992-07-24 Khaled Mahmoud Saeed, asst to Palestine terrorist Abu Nidal, murdered
  • 1993-04-01 Ihsan Mohamed Salem [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
  • 1993-10-21 Assad Saftawi, Palestinian co-founder of al-Fatah, murdered at 58
  • 1993-11-15 Mouin Shabaita, Palestinian al-Fatah commandant, murdered
  • 1993-11-24 Imad Aqal, Palestinian Hamas leader, dies at 24
  • 1993-11-26 Imad Aqal, Palestinian Izz-Danish al-Qassem-leader, shot to death
  • 1993-11-28 Abu Rish, Palestinian PLO-leader, dies at 23
  • 1993-11-28 Khaled Moustapha Zir, Palestinian Hamas leader, shot to death at 25
  • 1994-07-04 Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
  • 1996-05-02 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), dies at 73
  • 1997-02-17 Zein Isa, Palestinian militant imprisoned in the United States for the honor killing of his daughter
  • 2001-08-27 Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (assassinated) (b. 1938)
  • 2002-03-29 Rachel Levy and Ayat al-Akhras, Israeli and Palestinian children
  • 2002-08-16 Abu Nidal, Palestinian political leader (b. 1937)
  • 2003-09-25 Edward Said, Palestinian-American literary critic, dies at 67
  • 2004-03-22 Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian co-founder of Hamas (b. ca. 1937)

Person of interestYasser Arafat

2004-11-11 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, dies in Paris at 75

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 2007-09-25 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian negotiator (b. 1919)
  • 2008-08-09 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, dies at 66
  • 2010-01-12 Hasib Sabbagh, Palestinian businessman and philanthropist, co-founder of Consolidated Contractors Company (b. 1920)
  • 2012-11-14 Ahmed Jabari, Palestinian political activist, killed by an airstrike at 53
  • 2014-12-10 Ziad Abu Ein, Palestinian government minister, killed in confrontation with Israeli troops at protest on West Bank