Peruvian History

Peru: Cusco - Lima

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529-07-26 Francisco Pizarro appointed Governor of Peru

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1535-01-18 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima in Peru
  • 1540-08-15 Arequipa, Peru, is founded.
  • 1551-05-12 San Marcos University in Lima, Peru, opens
  • 1600-02-19 Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history
  • 1623-04-29 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru
  • 1624-05-07 Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
  • 1624-05-13 Admiral Hermites' fleet blockades Lima, Peru
  • 1624-06-08 Earthquake strikes Peru
  • 1624-08-14 Dutch fleet seizes Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1651-03-31 Great earthquake at Cuzco, Peru
  • 1746-10-28 Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • 1821-07-28 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1821-10-08 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1823-09-10 Simón Bolívar named President of Peru

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar

  • 1824-02-10 Simón Bolívar named dictator by the Congress of Peru
  • 1824-12-09 Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1825-08-06 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • 1827-08-22 José de La Mar becomes President of Peru
  • 1836-11-11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1839-01-20 Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance
  • 1848-04-08 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 1865-11-26 Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1865-12-05 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1866-05-02 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao
  • 1868-08-13 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)
  • 1879-03-23 War of the Pacific fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully takes over Arica and Tarapacá, leaving Bolivia a landlocked country.
  • 1879-04-05 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1879-05-21 Battle of Iquique: Chilean naval forces overcome Peruvian ships (War of the Pacific)
  • 1879-10-08 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1883-10-20 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • 1924-05-07 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
  • 1929-06-03 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1934-05-24 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1941-01-27 Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns American Ambassador of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor

  • 1941-12-13 Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
  • 1942-01-29 Peru and Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determination)
  • 1945-02-14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-04-28 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-07-07 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958-05-08 US VP Richard Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed and spat upon by protesters in Peru

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1959-10-12 At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1962-01-10 Eruptions on Mount Huascaran in Peru destroy 7 villages & kill 3,500
  • 1962-01-11 Volcano Huascaran in Peru erupts killing 4,000
  • 1963-06-28 Belaunde Terry inaugurated as President of Peru
  • 1964-05-24 Panic in Lima Peru soccer stadium, kills 300
  • 1966-05-25 Peru & Argentina soccer fans fight in Lima; 248 die
  • 1968-10-03 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
  • 1968-10-09 Government seizes oil fields in Peru
  • 1969-03-25 Andes Pact signed in Peru
  • 1969-08-24 Peru nationalizes US oil interests
  • 1970-05-31 7.75 Ancash earthquake off coast of Peru kills 66-70,000 and sets off world's deadliest avalanche
  • 1970-08-09 Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
  • 1971-03-18 200 die in landslide into Lake Yanahuani, Chungar Peru
  • 1971-12-24 Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later
  • 1974-01-05 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • 1974-04-26 Landslide in Huancavelica Province Peru creates a natural dam
  • 1978-05-23 General strike in Peru
  • 1978-06-18 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • 1980-05-18 Fernando Belaunde Terry elected president of Peru
  • 1980-07-28 Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
  • 1981-12-11 UN Secrity Council choses Javier Pérez de Cuélla of Peru as the 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1982-01-01 Peru's Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1982-03-02 Terror group "The Illuminated Path" frees 260 prisoners in Peru
  • 1985-04-14 Alan Garcia wins elections in Peru
  • 1985-07-28 Alan Garcia sworn in as President of Peru
  • 1988-08-20 Peru becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1990-05-29 An earthquake hits Peru, killing over 200

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-07-28 Alberto Fujimori installed as President of Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1992-04-05 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress
  • 1992-07-18 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima, Peru
  • 1994-02-16 Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends government in Peru
  • 1994-02-25 Peruvian Yak-40 crashes into mountain near Tingo Maria, kills 31
  • 1994-11-05 Yak-40 accident in north of Peru, 8 killed
  • 1995-01-09 Ecuador & Peru involved in boundary fight
  • 1997-01-13 Radical guerrillas hold 72 hostages and shoot at police outside the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru
  • 1997-04-22 The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends in Lima, Peru.
  • 2000-11-17 Alberto Fujimori is removed from office as President of Peru
  • 2001-12-29 Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.
  • 2002-07-20 Bartenders doing tricks with fire start a major fire in a night club in Lima, Peru that kills 25 and injures 100
  • 2004-12-08 Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the Union of South American Nations
  • 2005-08-23 TANS Peru Flight 204 crashes near Pucallpa, Peru, killing 41.
  • 2007-08-15 An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastates Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.
  • 2009-04-07 Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces
  • 2009-06-05 At least 32 people are killed in Peru during clashes between the police and indigenous protesters
  • 2012-03-04 Over 10,000 illegal Peruvian gold miners clash with police to gain control of Puerto Maldonado
  • 2013-03-06 9 people die after a plane crashes after being ensnared in power lines in Peru
  • 2013-04-14 33 people are killed after a bus tumbled off a cliff in Trujillo, Peru
  • 2013-10-12 50 people are killed after a truck veers of a cliff in  La Convencion Province, Peru
  • 2014-12-12 UN climate change talks in Peru continue past scheduled time as negotiations continue to stall
  • 2014-12-13 Divisions emerge between rich and poor nations at the UN climate change talks in Peru
  • 2016-04-06 Protests in Lima, Peru by 30,000 against presidential candidate Keiko Fujimori on 24th anniversary of her father Alberto Fujimori's coup
  • 2018-01-02 Bus crash in Pasamayo, Peru, kills 51 on notorious "Devil's Curve" road
  • 2018-03-21 Peru's President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski offers his resignation amid vote-buying scandal
  • 2018-03-23 Peru's Congress swears in Vice-President Martín Vizcarra as the new President after Pedro Pablo Kuczynski resigned amid corruption scandal
  • 2018-04-28 World's largest child sacrifice, 140 remains uncovered by archaeologists near Trujillo, Peru, dating back 550 years to Chimú civilisation

Famous Birthdays

  • 1523-11-11 Joachim Hopperus, Frisian lawyer and politician, born in Sneek, Friesland (d. 1576)
  • 1579-12-09 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), born in Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru (d. 1639)
  • 1586-04-20 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, born in Lima, Peru (d. 1617)
  • 1663-11-26 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1743)

Person of interestJosé de San Martín

1778-02-25 José de San Martín, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina (d. 1850)

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1788-08-20 José Bernardo Alcedo, Peruvian composer, born in Lima, Peru (d. 1878)
  • 1833-02-07 Ricardo Palma, Peru, writer/poet (Tradiciones Peruanas)
  • 1836-09-05 Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (1894), born in Trujillo, Peru (d. 1921)
  • 1863-06-10 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Eline Vere), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1886-02-23 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • 1891-04-30 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik), born in Blije, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1891-06-09 Cole Porter, America composer and lyricist (Anything Goes, Kiss Me Kate), born in Peru, Indiana (d. 1964)
  • 1892-03-16 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • 1895-02-03 Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, politician (APRA-Peru) [or Feb 22]
  • 1895-02-22 Victor RaulHaya de la Torre, founder (Peruvian Aprista Party)
  • 1900-04-06 Andres Sas, Belgian Peruvian composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • 1909-02-04 Kenneth W Howell, English Anglican bishop (Chile/Bolivia/Peru)
  • 1910-12-16 Freddie Brown, Peru, cricketer ("Lettuces! Hearts as big as ")
  • 1912-10-07 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • 1918-04-03 Enrique Iturriaga, Peruvian composer (Sinfonía Junín y Ayacucho), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)
  • 1920-01-19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • 1921-08-28 Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (All About My Mother), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2007)
  • 1922-09-13 Yma Sumac [Chavarri], Peruvian-American 5 octave soprano (Omar Khayyam), born in Ichocan, Cajamarca, Peru (d. 2008)
  • 1925-12-25 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American author and mystic (Eagle's Gift, Fire From Within), born in Cajamarca (d. 1998)
  • 1926-03-09 Celso Garrido Lecca, Peruvian composer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1929-03-12 Francisco Pulgar Vidal, Peruvian musicologist and composer, born in Huánuco, Peru (d. 2012)
  • 1936-03-24 Alex Olmedo, American/Peruvian tennis player (Australian C'ships, Wimbledon 1959), born in Arequipa, Peru
  • 1936-03-28 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, poet, journalist, presidential candidate and Nobel Prize Laureate (Aunt Julia), born in Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru
  • 1936-09-23 Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician

Person of interestAlberto Fujimori

1938-07-28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1938-10-03 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Peruvian economist and 66th President of Peru (2016-present), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1941-01-08 Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator, born in Lima, Peru

Person of interestIsabel Allende

1942-08-02 Isabel Allende, Chilean-American author (The House of the Spirits, City of the Beasts), born in Lima, Peru

  • 1945-05-20 Vladimiro Montesinos, Peruvian politician
  • 1946-03-28 Alejandro Toledo, 63rd President of Peru (2001-06), born in Cabana, Peru
  • 1947-07-08 Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1949-05-23 Alan García, President of Peru (Peruvian Aprista Party: 1985-90, 2006-11), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)
  • 1949-05-25 Lalith Kaluperuma, Sri Lankan cricketer (two Tests for Sri Lanka 1982), born in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1954-10-30 Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1959-10-07 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1959-10-08 Carlos I. Noriega, Peruvian-American astronaut (STS 84, sk 97), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1960-10-08 François Pérusse, Quebec humorist 9Les 2 minutes du peuple), born in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1961-10-22 Sanath Kaluperuma, cricketer (four Tests for Sri Lanka 1984-88)
  • 1963-03-30 Jenny Lidback, American golfer (du Maurier Classic 1995), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1967-04-17 Henry Ian Cusick, Peruvian-Scottish actor (Desmond Hume-Lost), born in Trujillo, Peru
  • 1967-10-23 Jaime Yzaga, Peruvian tennis star, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1967-11-28 José del Solar, Peruvian footballer
  • 1971-10-27 Jorge Soto, Peruvian soccer midfielder (101 caps; Sporting Cristal), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1972-12-28 Roberto Palacios, Peruvian footballer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1974-12-12 Nolberto Solano, Peruvian footballer, born in Callao, Peru
  • 1977-03-23 Jean Carlos Gamarra, Peruvian taekwondo practitioner
  • 1977-04-07 Silvana Arias, Peruvian actress
  • 1978-10-03 Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian soccer striker (85 caps; Bayern Munich 224 games, 87 goals), born in Callao, Peru
  • 1981-06-16 Miguel Villalta, Peruvian footballer
  • 1983-04-17 Roberto Jiménez, Peruvian football player, born in Piura, Peru
  • 1984-01-01 Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian soccer striker (102 caps; Hamburger SV, Internacional), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1984-10-26 Jefferson Farfán, Peruvian footballer (PSV), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1986-01-14 Cristina Aicardi, Peruvian badminton player
  • 1990-12-27 Luis Trujillo, Peruvian Football Player

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1955-09-18 Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara (27) weds Peruvian economist Hilda Gadea (34) in Mexico

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara

LoveWedding of Interest

1968-10-26 Lawyer and politician Rudy Giuliani (24) weds second cousin Regina Peruggi (22) in a large Roman Catholic ceremony in Bedford Park, The Bronx

Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani
Mayor of New York City
Rudy Giuliani

Famous Deaths


Person of interestAtahualpa

1533-07-26 Atahualpa, last Sapa Inca Emperor, garroted by order of Franciso Pizarro at about 52

Last Inca Emperor Atahualpa
Last Inca Emperor
Atahualpa

BattleDiego de Almagro

1538-07-08 Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, executed at Las Salinas at about 63

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Conquistador
Diego de Almagro

MurderFrancisco Pizarro

1541-06-26 Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1542-09-16 Diego de Almagro, Spanish captain-general of Peru, beheaded
  • 1576-12-15 Joachim Hopperus, Frisian lawyer and politician, dies at 53
  • 1600-02-15 Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
  • 1616-04-23 El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Peruvian writer (b. 1539)
  • 1617-08-24 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, dies at 31
  • 1620-01-17 Diego Alvarez de Paz, Span missionary/writer (Peru), dies at about 59
  • 1639-01-23 Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake
  • 1639-11-03 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), dies at 69
  • 1743-04-30 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), dies at 79
  • 1781-05-18 Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian-Indian revolutionary, a descendant of the last Inca ruler Túpac Amaru, dies at 43
  • 1878-12-28 José Bernardo Alcedo, Peruvian composer, dies at 90
  • 1879-10-08 Miguel Grau Seminario, Peruvian Admiral (b. 1834)
  • 1923-07-16 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Books of Small Soles), dies at 60
  • 1930-04-16 José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1933-04-30 Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza
  • 1938-04-15 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian-French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • 1966-08-18 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Struggle & Blessing), dies at 75
  • 1967-08-26 Andres Sas, Belgian Peruvian composer, dies at 67
  • 1983-11-27 Manuel Scorza, Peruvian writer, dies at about 55
  • 1992-02-15 María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)
  • 1994-12-04 Julio Ramon Ribeyro, Peruvian playwright, dies at 66
  • 1998-04-27 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American writer & mystic, dies at 72
  • 2002-06-04 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Peruvian politician (b. 1912)
  • 2006-10-16 Valentín Paniagua Corazao, Ex President of Peru (b. 1936)
  • 2008-11-01 Yma Sumac [Chavarri], Peruvian-American 5 octave soprano (Omar Khayyam), dies at 85
  • 2012-01-17 Francisco Pulgar Vidal, Peruvian musicologist and composer, dies at 82
  • 2018-05-03 Demetrio Túpac Yupanqui, Peruvian academic and Quechua translator, dies at 94