Lima in History

Peru: Cusco

Historical Events


Victory in battleNew Settlement

1535-01-18 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima in Peru

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1551-05-12 San Marcos University in Lima, Peru, opens
  • 1624-05-07 Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
  • 1624-05-13 Admiral Hermites' fleet blockades Lima, Peru
  • 1624-08-14 Dutch fleet seizes Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1746-10-28 Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • 1929-06-03 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1964-05-24 Panic in Lima Peru soccer stadium, kills 300
  • 1966-05-25 Peru & Argentina soccer fans fight in Lima; 248 die
  • 1974-01-05 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • 1987-12-08 The Alianza Lima air disaster.
  • 1992-07-18 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima, Peru
  • 1997-01-13 Radical guerrillas hold 72 hostages and shoot at police outside the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru
  • 1997-04-22 The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends in Lima, Peru.
  • 2001-12-29 Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.
  • 2002-07-20 Bartenders doing tricks with fire start a major fire in a night club in Lima, Peru that kills 25 and injures 100
  • 2004-07-25 Copa América Final, Estadio Nacional, Lima: Brazil beats Argentina, 4-2 on penalties; 2-2 after extra time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016-04-06 Protests in Lima, Peru by 30,000 against presidential candidate Keiko Fujimori on 24th anniversary of her father Alberto Fujimori's coup

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori

Famous Birthdays

  • 1579-12-09 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), born in Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru (d. 1639)
  • 1586-04-20 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, born in Lima, Peru (d. 1617)
  • 1663-11-26 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1743)
  • 1788-08-20 José Bernardo Alcedo, Peruvian composer, born in Lima, Peru (d. 1878)
  • 1918-04-03 Enrique Iturriaga, Peruvian composer (Sinfonía Junín y Ayacucho), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)
  • 1920-01-19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • 1921-08-28 Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (All About My Mother), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2007)
  • 1926-03-09 Celso Garrido Lecca, Peruvian composer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1929-02-06 Sixten Jernberg, Swedish skier (Olympic gold 1956/60/64), born in Lima, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • 1931-06-04 César Bolaños, Peruvian musician and composer, born in Lima, Peru (d. 2012)

Person of interestAlberto Fujimori

1938-07-28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1938-10-03 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Peruvian economist and 66th President of Peru (2016-present), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1941-01-08 Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator, born in Lima, Peru

Person of interestIsabel Allende

1942-08-02 Isabel Allende, Chilean-American author (The House of the Spirits, City of the Beasts), born in Lima, Peru

  • 1949-05-23 Alan García, President of Peru (Peruvian Aprista Party: 1985-90, 2006-11), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2019)
  • 1954-10-30 Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1959-10-07 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1959-10-08 Carlos I. Noriega, Peruvian-American astronaut (STS 84, sk 97), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1963-03-30 Jenny Lidback, American golfer (du Maurier Classic 1995), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1967-10-23 Jaime Yzaga, Peruvian tennis star, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1971-10-27 Jorge Soto, Peruvian soccer midfielder (101 caps; Sporting Cristal), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1972-12-28 Roberto Palacios, Peruvian footballer, born in Lima, Peru

Famous Deaths


MurderFrancisco Pizarro

1541-06-26 Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1617-08-24 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, dies at 31