Manila in History

Philippines: Cebu - Luzon

Historical Events

  • 1571-03-19 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1582-06-20 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1600-12-14 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1607-01-19 San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; the oldest church in the Philippines
  • 1762-10-06 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1843-12-04 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented in Massachusetts
  • 1891-08-15 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892-07-06 Jose Rizal forms La Liga Filipina in Manila

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1896-08-23 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
  • 1896-12-30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898-05-01 US Admiral George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US rout Spanish fleet at Manila

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 1898-07-08 US battle fleet under Admiral George Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
  • 1898-08-13 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-American War
  • 1904-10-19 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • 1907-06-03 Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines
  • 1941-12-27 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"

  • 1942-01-02 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-02-07 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-07-04 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1975-10-01 "The Thrilla in Manila"; Muhammad Ali stops Joe Frazier in 14 rounds in Quezon City, the Philippines to retain his WBC/WBA heavyweight title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Joe Frazier
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Joe Frazier
  • 1979-05-07 5th UNCTAD-conference opens in Manila
  • 1983-09-21 11 killed in anti Marcos demonstrations in Manila
  • 1986-11-01 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; winners: Brave Raj, Capote, Lady's Secret, Last Tycoon, Manila, Skywalker, Smile
  • 1987-01-29 The president of the Philippines puts down a rebellion against their government in Manila
  • 1995-01-06 A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 2000-12-30 Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.
  • 2005-02-14 Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
  • 2006-02-04 A stampede occurs in the ULTRA Stadium near Manila killing 71
  • 2007-11-29 The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to The Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.

CameraFamous Photo

2010-08-01 200m x 250m photo mosaic commemorating the life of Filipino President Corazon Aquino is unveiled near Quirino Grandstand at the Luneta Park, Manila

11th President of the Philippines Corazon Aquino
11th President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino
  • 2010-08-23 Manila hostage crisis, which occurred at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, where a dismissed police officer took hostage a tour bus full of Chinese nationals.
  • 2012-08-07 Heavy rain forces 20,000 people to flee their homes in Manila, Phillipines
  • 2012-12-25 8 people are killed and thousands left homeless after two fires strike Manila, Philippines
  • 2013-12-16 21 people are killed and 20 are injured after a bus falls from an elevated highway in Manila, Philippines

Famous Birthdays

  • 1663-02-01 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Bonondo, Manila, Philippines (d. 1748)

Person of interestGeorge Dewey

1837-12-26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 1875-12-15 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1899)
  • 1894-12-26 Antonio Molina, Filipino composer, conductor and music administrator (Ana Maria, Hatinggabi), born in Quiapo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines (d. 1980)
  • 1898-02-08 Andrés Soriano, Spanish Filipino industrialist (San Miguel Brewery, Philippine Airlines), born in Manila, Spanish Philippines (d. 1964)
  • 1901-01-14 Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine diplomat & statesman, born in Manila, Phillipines (d. 1985)
  • 1902-01-25 Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect, born in Manila, Phillipines (d. 1975)
  • 1907-12-12 Fred Elizalde, Spanish Filipino composer, born in Manila (d. 1979)
  • 1909-08-21 John William Haussermann Jr., American composer, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1986)
  • 1915-07-25 Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, born in Malate, Manila, Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1917-01-31 José Maceda, Filipino composer, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1918-01-21 Chichay [Amparo Robles Custodio], Filipino comedienne and actress (Bilangguang puso, Ngitngit ng pitong whistle bomb), born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1993)

Person of interestImelda Marcos

1929-07-02 Imelda Marcos, Filipino politician and First Lady of the Philippines (1965-86) who famously collected over 1,000 pairs of shoes, born in Manila, Philippines

First Lady and Politician Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politician
Imelda Marcos
  • 1931-10-16 Rosa Rosal [Florence Gayda], Filipino actress and humanitarian described as "original femme fatale of Philippine cinema", born in Manila, Philippine Islands
  • 1939-08-20 Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and politician (2004 presidential candidate), born in Manila, Commonwealth of the Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1949-07-03 Susan Penhaligon, British actress (Dracula, Nasty Habits), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1950-06-05 Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist & political activist, born in Sta. Mesa, Manila, Philippines
  • 1950-10-31 Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1951-04-18 Ricardo Fortaleza, Australian-Filipino boxer, born in Malate, Manila, Philippines
  • 1952-02-28 Cristina Raines, [Tina Herazo], actress (Sentinel), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1952-04-01 Tirso Cruz III, Filipino actor and singer, born in Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines
  • 1953-02-13 Rico J. Puno, Filipino pop singer, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 2018)
  • 1953-06-29 Billy Hinsche, American musician (Dino, Desi & Billy), born in Manila, the Philippines
  • 1961-05-11 Cecile Licad, pianist (Leventritt Award-1981), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1967-02-10 Armand Serrano, Filipino animator, born in Manila, Phillipines
  • 1967-06-22 Al Carlay, US fencer-foil (Olympics 1996), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1967-08-28 Frederick Kesner, Philippine-born Australian poet, born in España, Manila
  • 1971-02-22 Lea Salonga, Filipina singer & actress (Miss Siagon), born in Manila, Phillipines
  • 1977-01-12 Piolo Pascual, Filipino actor, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1984-11-29 Sitti Navarro, Philippine bossa nova artist, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1985-02-14 Heart Evangelista, Filipina singer & actress, born in Manila, Phillipines
  • 1987-08-23 Nikki Gil, Filipina actress, host and singer, born in Manila, Phillipines

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

1896-12-30 Filipino Nationalist Jose Rizal (35) weds girlfriend Josephine Bracken (20) before his execution in Fort Santiago, Manila

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal

LoveWedding of Interest

1933-11-16 Ramon Magsaysay, latter President of the Philippines (26) weds Luz Banzon (18) at Lourdes church in Manila

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay

Famous Deaths

Person of interestGeorge Dewey

1917-01-16 George Dewey, U.S. Admiral of the Navy, won Battle of Manila Bay, dies at 79

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 2005-06-21 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)