Manila in History

Philippines: Cebu - Luzon

Historical Events

  • 1571-03-19 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1582-06-20 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1600-12-14 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1607-01-19 San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; the oldest church in the Philippines
  • 1762-10-06 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1843-12-04 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented in Massachusetts
  • 1891-08-15 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed

Historic Event

1892-07-06 Jose Rizal forms La Liga Filipina in Manila

  • 1896-08-23 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
  • 1896-12-30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

Historic Event

1898-05-01 US Admiral George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US rout Spanish fleet at Manila

  • 1898-07-08 US battle fleet under Admiral George Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
  • 1898-08-13 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish–American War
  • 1904-10-19 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • 1907-06-03 Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines
  • 1941-12-27 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"
  • 1942-01-02 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines

Historic Event

1945-02-07 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

Historic Event

1946-07-04 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila

Boxing Title Fight

1975-10-01 "The Thrilla in Manila"; Muhammad Ali stops Joe Frazier in 14 rounds in Quezon City, the Philippines to retain his WBC/WBA heavyweight title

  • 1979-05-07 5th UNCTAD-conference opens in Manila
  • 1983-09-21 11 killed in anti Marcos demonstrations in Manila
  • 1986-11-01 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; winners: Brave Raj, Capote, Lady's Secret, Last Tycoon, Manila, Skywalker, Smile
  • 1987-01-29 The president of the Philippines puts down a rebellion against their government in Manila
  • 1995-01-06 A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 2000-12-30 Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.
  • 2005-02-14 Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
  • 2006-02-04 A stampede occurs in the ULTRA Stadium near Manila killing 71
  • 2007-11-29 The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to The Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.

Famous Photo

2010-08-01 200m x 250m photo mosaic commemorating the life of Filipino President Corazon Aquino is unveiled near Quirino Grandstand at the Luneta Park, Manila

  • 2010-08-23 Manila hostage crisis, which occurred at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, where a dismissed police officer took hostage a tour bus full of Chinese nationals.
  • 2012-08-07 Heavy rain forces 20,000 people to flee their homes in Manila, Philippines
  • 2012-12-25 8 people are killed and thousands left homeless after two fires strike Manila, Philippines
  • 2013-12-16 21 people are killed and 20 are injured after a bus falls from an elevated highway in Manila, Philippines

Famous Birthdays

  • 1663-02-01 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Bonondo, Manila, Philippines (d. 1748)

George Dewey

1837-12-26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

  • 1875-12-15 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1899)
  • 1894-12-26 Antonio Molina, Filipino composer, conductor and music administrator (Ana Maria, Hatinggabi), born in Quiapo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines (d. 1980)
  • 1898-02-08 Andrés Soriano, Spanish Filipino industrialist (San Miguel Brewery, Philippine Airlines), born in Manila, Spanish Philippines (d. 1964)
  • 1901-01-14 Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine diplomat & statesman, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1985)
  • 1902-01-25 Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1975)
  • 1907-12-12 Fred Elizalde, Spanish Filipino composer, born in Manila (d. 1979)
  • 1909-08-21 John William Haussermann Jr., American composer, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1986)
  • 1915-07-25 Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, born in Malate, Manila, Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1917-01-31 José Maceda, Filipino composer and ethnomusicologist born in Manila, Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1918-01-21 Chichay [Amparo Robles Custodio], Filipino comedienne and actress (Bilangguang puso, Ngitngit ng pitong whistle bomb), born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1993)

Imelda Marcos

1929-07-02 Imelda Marcos, Filipino politician and First Lady of the Philippines (1965-86) who famously collected over 1,000 pairs of shoes, born in Manila, Philippines

  • 1931-10-16 Rosa Rosal [Florence Gayda], Filipino actress and humanitarian described as "original femme fatale of Philippine cinema", born in Manila, Philippine Islands
  • 1939-08-20 Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and politician (2004 presidential candidate), born in Manila, Commonwealth of the Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1949-07-03 Susan Penhaligon, British actress (Dracula, Nasty Habits), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1950-06-05 Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist & political activist, born in Sta. Mesa, Manila, Philippines
  • 1950-10-31 Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1951-04-18 Ricardo Fortaleza, Australian-Filipino boxer, born in Malate, Manila, Philippines
  • 1952-02-28 Cristina Raines [Tina Herazo], actress (Sentinel), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1952-04-01 Tirso Cruz III, Filipino actor and singer, born in Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines
  • 1953-02-13 Rico J. Puno, Filipino pop singer, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 2018)
  • 1953-06-29 Billy Hinsche, American pop musician, singer, and songwriter (Dino, Desi & Billy; The Beach Boys), born in Manila, Philippines (d. 2021)
  • 1961-05-11 Cecile Licad, Filipina concert pianist (Leventritt Award, 1981), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1967-02-10 Armand Serrano, Filipino animator, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1967-06-22 Al Carlay, US fencer-foil (Olympics 1996), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1967-08-28 Frederick Kesner, Philippine-born Australian poet, born in España, Manila
  • 1971-02-22 Lea Salonga, Filipina singer & actress (Miss Siagon), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1977-01-12 Piolo Pascual, Filipino actor, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1984-11-29 Sitti [Navarro], Philippine bossa nova and pop singer, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1985-02-14 Heart Evangelista, Filipina singer & actress, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1987-08-23 Nikki Gil, Filipina actress, host and singer, born in Manila, Philippines

Famous Weddings

José Rizal

1896-12-30 Filipino Nationalist Jose Rizal (35) weds girlfriend Josephine Bracken (20) before his execution in Fort Santiago, Manila

Ramon Magsaysay

1933-11-16 Ramon Magsaysay, latter President of the Philippines (26) weds Luz Banzon (18) at Lourdes church in Manila


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Famous Deaths

George Dewey

1917-01-16 George Dewey, U.S. Admiral of the Navy, won Battle of Manila Bay, dies at 79

  • 2005-06-21 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)