Polish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 416

  • 0966-04-14 Christianisation of Poland - Polish ruler Mieszko I and his court baptized
  • 0972-06-24 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1018-01-30 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen
  • 1025-04-18 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland
  • 1079-04-11 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland
  • 1227-11-23 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa
  • 1241-04-09 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongolian armies inflict one of the largest defeats in Polish history on Polish and Germans force led by Henry of Silesia with 20-25,000 killed or massacred, including Henry
  • 1257-06-05 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1264-09-08 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1320-01-20 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes King of Poland
  • 1331-09-27 Battle of Płowce: Kingdom of Poland defeats the Teutonic Order in a strategic victory
  • 1384-10-16 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman
  • 1386-03-04 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland

Battle of Grunwald

1410-07-15 Battle of Grunwald (First Battle of Tannenburg, Battle of Žalgiris), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen

  • 1454-03-06 Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1454-09-18 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1481-08-30 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1514-09-08 Battle of Orsha: Polish Lithuania army defeat the Russian army
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1518-04-18 Bona Sforza is crowned queen consort of Poland
  • 1541-12-29 Isabella of Poland and King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu
  • 1561-11-29 Lofland subjects himself on Sigismund August II of Poland
  • 1569-07-01 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporating it into Poland
  • 1570-04-14 Polish Calvinists, Lutherans and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1573-05-09 Polish Parliament selects Duke of Anjou as king
  • 1574-06-18 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1575-12-14 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
  • 1577-12-16 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
  • 1582-01-15 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1587-08-18 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.

Historic Event

1587-08-19 Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • 1594-02-19 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
  • 1605-09-27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1610-02-14 Polish King Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki
  • 1610-07-04 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden
  • 1610-08-27 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1618-12-11 The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Tsardom of Russia agree to the Truce of Deulino ending the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618)
  • 1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland
  • 1621-09-28 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1629-09-26 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1634-02-19 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1634-03-01 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1634-06-14 Russia and Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 1635-09-12 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1648-04-29 Beginning of 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King John II Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
  • 1648-05-16 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Ukrainian Cossacks, commanded by Bohdan Khmelnytsky. and Crimean Tatars led by Tuhaj Bej, defeat Polish King John II Casimir, after 18 days of battle
  • 1648-06-24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1651-06-28 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1651-06-30 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory
  • 1654-09-16 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1655-07-31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-10-24 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1656-11-03 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • 1656-12-01 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1657-09-19 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1657-11-06 Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg
  • 1660-04-23 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland
  • 1660-05-03 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1667-01-03 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1667-01-20 Treaty of Andrussovo ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1667-01-30 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1667-02-09 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia and Poland signs peace treaty
  • 1668-09-16 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1668-09-19 Polish King John II Casimir Vasa resigns and goes to France the following year
  • 1669-06-19 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1674-05-21 General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1683-03-31 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • 1683-09-09 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1684-03-05 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1697-06-27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Karlowitz with Ottoman Empire, ending the Great Turkish War (1683-97) - 1st time Ottomans concede significant territory
  • 1699-11-22 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden
  • 1704-07-12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland

Treaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1724-12-07 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1733-09-12 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1733-09-22 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig
  • 1736-01-26 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne

Historic Event

1768-02-29 Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski joins the Bar Confederation to defend the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Russian influence

  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1772-08-05 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • 1772-09-22 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1773-10-14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland
  • 1775-01-17 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests in Kalisk, Poland
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-03-19 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington
  • 1785-09-29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków, Poland
  • 1791-05-03 Constitution of May 3 is proclaimed by the Great Sejm (Parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, becoming the 1st modern constitution in Europe
  • 1792-05-19 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793-01-21 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • 1793-01-23 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 737

  • 1016-07-25 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, born in Kraków, Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1030-07-26 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, St. Stanislaw, born in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1079)
  • 1040-06-27 Ladislaus I, King of Hungary, born in Kingdom of Poland (d. 1095)
  • 1226-06-21 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), born in Stary Korczyn, Busko, Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1257-10-14 Przemysł II, King of Poland (1295-96), born in Poznań, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1271-09-17 Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1305)
  • 1286-09-01 Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1289-10-06 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1306)
  • 1309-04-30 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), born in Kowal, Poland (d. 1370)
  • 1326-03-05 Louis I [the Great], King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1374-02-18 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1427-11-30 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1492)
  • 1458-10-03 Saint Casimir, Kingdom of Poland prince and Roman Catholic saint, born in Wawel, Kraków, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1484)
  • 1467-01-01 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473-02-19 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1543)

  • 1480-06-01 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1486-01-06 Martin Agricola [M Sore], German composer & cantor, born in Świebodzin, Poland (d. 1556)
  • 1494-02-02 Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
  • 1519-01-18 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1559)
  • 1520-08-01 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1572)
  • 1526-11-01 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1583)
  • 1533-09-15 Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania, born in Innsbruck or Vienna, Austria (d. 1572)
  • 1551-09-19 Henry III, King of Poland and France (1573-89), born in Château de Fontainebleau, France (d. 1589)
  • 1561-08-24 Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry), born in Zielona Góra, Poland (d. 1613)

Sigismund III Vasa

1566-06-20 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1573-08-16 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1598)
  • 1574-12-15 Samuel Besler, German-Polish composer, born in Brzeg (d. 1625)
  • 1578-11-01 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), born in Klin County, Moscow Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1642)
  • 1580-07-06 Johann Stobäus, North German composer, born in Graudenz, Poland (d. 1646)
  • 1584-04-29 Melchior Teschner, German composer, born in Wschowa, Poland (d. 1635)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
  • 1588-12-24 Constance of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1631)
  • 1595-02-24 Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
  • 1595-06-09 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1603-11-16 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior, born in Iwanowice, Kalisz, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1609-03-22 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1611-07-16 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1644)
  • 1611-08-18 Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, French princess and queen of Poland, born in Nevers, France (d. 1667)
  • 1612-06-25 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1634)
  • 1613-08-11 Cristoph Kaldenbach, Prussian poet, born in Schwiebus, Prussia (now Świebodzin, Poland) (d. 1698)
  • 1616-02-28 Kaspar Förster, German composer, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1623-08-23 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, born in Raków, Kielce County, Poland (d. 1675)
  • 1624-06-02 Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1632-05-08 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, born in Mierzęcin, Poland (d. 1706)
  • 1636-04-29 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1640-05-31 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), born in Biały Kamień, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1673)
  • 1641-06-28 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), born in Nevers, France (d. 1716)
  • 1653-05-21 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)
  • 1660-11-20 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, born in Nassenhuben [now Mokry Dwór, Poland] (d. 1741)
  • 1661-05-25 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1665-03-27 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • 1667-11-02 James Louis Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland, born in Paris (d. 1737)
  • 1670-05-12 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1677-10-20 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1686-05-24 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1736)

  • 1686-10-12 Silvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist, born in Grodków, Poland (d. 1750)
  • 1696-10-17 August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1698-08-27 Baal Shem Tov, Jewish mystical rabbi (founder of the Hasidic Judaism), born in Okopy Świętej Trójcy, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1760)
  • 1699-12-08 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1700-09-30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1713-10-08 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist, born in Opatów, Poland (d. 1793)
  • 1715-12-09 Georg Gottfried Petri, German composer, born in Żary, Poland (d. 1795)
  • 1719-04-17 Christian Gottfried Krause, German composer, born in Wińsko, Poland (d. 1770)
  • 1719-12-24 Johann Christoph Altnikol, German organist, bass singer, composer, and J.S. Bach's son-in-law and copyist, born in Berna bei Seidenberg, Oberlausitz (now Sulików, Poland) (d. 1759)
  • 1720-04-03 Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian (d. 1797)
  • 1720-04-23 Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1797)
  • 1726-10-16 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1726-12-24 Johann Ernst Hartmann, Danish organist & composer, born in Glogów, Poland (d. 1793)
  • 1729-10-22 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), born in Dirschau (Tczew), Royal Prussia, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1798)
  • 1732-01-17 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)

Haym Salomon

1740-04-07 Haym Salomon, Polish-born American broker who helped finance the American Revolution, born in Leszno, Poland (d. 1785)

  • 1740-10-26 Ernest Louis Muller, Polish composer and flautist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1811)
  • 1744-08-25 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher, theologist and poet, born in Morąg, Poland (d. 1803)

Tadeusz Kościuszko

1746-02-04 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, born in Mereczowszczyzna, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1817)

Casimir Pulaski

1747-03-06 Casimir Pulaski, Polish Military Leader, known as "the father of American cavalry', born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1779) [some source give date as March 4]

  • 1750-02-28 Ignacy Potocki, Polish foreign minister
  • 1751-06-02 Antoni Weinert, Polish composer, born in Lusdorf (d. 1850)
  • 1754-11-26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer, born in Żnin, Poland (d. 1830)
  • 1756-10-02 Józef Javurek, Polish-Russian composer, born in Benešov, Czech Republic (d. 1840)
  • 1757-02-06 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar & statesman, born in Skoki, Poland (d. 1841)
  • 1757-04-09 Wojciech Boguslawski, Polish composer, born in Glinno, Poznań County, Poland (d. 1829)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1813)
  • 1766-07-09 Johanna Schopenhauer, German writer and mother of Arthur Schopenhauer, born in Gdańsk, Royal Prussia, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (d. 1838)
  • 1768-10-26 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician, born in Radzyń Podlaski, Poland (d. 1844)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), born in Żnin, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1838)
  • 1772-04-04 Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of Breslov Hasidut, born in Międzybóż, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1810)
  • 1775-06-13 Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician, cellist, and composer, born in Vilnius, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (now Lithuania) (d. 1833)
  • 1777-03-09 Aleksander Orłowski, Polish painter, cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1832)
  • 1777-11-02 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor, comedist, translator, editor of humour magazines, born near Nowogródek, Poland (d. 1822)
  • 1778-01-03 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1778-12-28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1782-01-29 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish violinist, composer, conductor, and teacher, born in Grodzisk Wielkopolski, Poland (d. 1846)
  • 1783-10-13 Frantiszek Sołtyk, Polish composer, born in Piastów, Poland (d. 1865)
  • 1785-03-06 Karol Kurpiński, Polish composer and conductor (Pygmalion), born in Włoszakowice, Poland (d. 1857)

Karl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1789-12-14 Maria Szymanowska, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1831)
  • 1790-10-30 Karol Joseph Lipinski, Polish composer and virtuoso violinist, born in Radzyń Podlaski, Poland (d. 1861)

Famous Weddings

  • 1404-08-01 Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
  • 1576-05-01 Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1725-09-05 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski

Otto von Bismarck

1847-07-28 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

Lech Wałęsa

1969-09-08 Polish politician and trade-union organizer Lech Wałęsa (25) weds Danuta Golos (20)

  • 2006-07-26 "The Da Vinci Code" actor Jean Reno (58) weds Polish model Zofia Borucka (35) at the city hall in Baux-de-Provence
  • 2013-08-31 "Blue Crush" actress Kate Bosworth (30) weds director Michael Polish (42) in Philipsburg, Montana

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 481

  • 0992-05-25 Mieszko I, Grand Duke and ruler of Poland (960-992), dies at around 61
  • 1025-07-17 Boleslaw I Chobry [the brave], duke and king of Poland, dies
  • 1034-05-10 Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies
  • 1058-11-28 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, dies at 42
  • 1058-11-28 Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies
  • 1063-03-21 Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland
  • 1079-05-09 Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Kraków, murdered at 48
  • 1138-10-28 Boleslaw III Wrymouth [scheefmond], Duke of Poland, dies at 52
  • 1159-05-30 Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1194-05-05 Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138
  • 1202-03-13 Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
  • 1223-03-08 Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1238-03-19 Henry the Bearded, High Duke of Poland (1232-38), dies
  • 1257-06-04 Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke dies
  • 1279-12-07 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), dies at 53
  • 1296-02-08 Przemysł II, King of Poland (1295-96), dies at 38
  • 1305-06-21 Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), dies at 33
  • 1306-08-04 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), stabbed to death at 16
  • 1333-03-02 Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1342-09-26 John I, ruler of Poland, dies
  • 1370-11-05 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61
  • 1382-09-10 Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary/Poland, dies
  • 1401-05-18 Vladislaus II, Duke of Opole, dies at 69
  • 1434-06-01 Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)
  • 1444-11-10 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1484-03-04 Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25
  • 1492-06-07 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64
  • 1501-06-17 Jan I Olbracht, King of Poland, dies
  • 1531-05-19 Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (b. 1456)

Nicolaus Copernicus

1543-05-24 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), dies at 70

  • 1545-08-27 Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1548-04-01 Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1550-10-23 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1557-11-19 Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1558-11-12 Shalom Shakna ben Joseph, Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva), dies
  • 1560-01-28 John a Lasco [John Laski], Polish nobleman/reformed theologist, dies
  • 1572-07-07 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), dies at 51
  • 1579-08-05 Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1583-09-16 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, dies at 56
  • 1584-08-22 Jan Kochanowski, Polish writer (b. 1530)
  • 1586-12-12 Stefan Batory, King of Poland (1575-86), dies at 53
  • 1589-08-02 Henry III, King of Poland and France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1596-09-09 Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1598-02-10 Anna van Bull, 1st wife of Polish/Swedish king Sigismund II, dies
  • 1603-06-27 Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1612-09-27 Piotr Skarga, Polish theology/PM (Sanctity of Life), dies at 76
  • 1620-10-07 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1620-11-07 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1621-06-21 Kryštof Harant, Czech nobleman, soldier, writer, and composer, dies at about 57
  • 1621-09-24 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1625-07-19 Samuel Besler, German-Polish composer, dies at 50
  • 1627-03-06 Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)

Sigismund III Vasa

1632-04-30 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1634-12-29 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, dies at 22
  • 1636-10-19 Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1636-12-09 Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640-04-02 Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45
  • 1642-04-30 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), dies at 63
  • 1644-03-24 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland, dies at 32
  • 1648-05-20 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), dies of kidney stones at 52
  • 1651-11-20 Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier who fought Cossack rebellions, dies at about 56
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1657-05-16 Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1657-08-06 Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • 1667-05-09 Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers, French Queen of Poland (1645-48), dies at 55
  • 1672-12-16 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1673-03-20 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior, dies at 69
  • 1673-11-10 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), dies at 33
  • 1673-11-14 Michael Wisniowieki, King of Poland, dies
  • 1675-05-18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1696-07-09 Waclaw Potocki, Polish poet (Wojna Chocimska), dies
  • 1716-01-30 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), dies at 74
  • 1733-02-01 August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1736-09-16 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, dies at 50

  • 1737-12-19 James Louis Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland, dies at 70
  • 1749-05-24 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • 1757-11-17 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), dies at 57
  • 1760-05-22 Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
  • 1763-10-05 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1766-02-23 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1773-08-03 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)

Casimir Pulaski

1779-10-11 Casimir Pulaski, Polish Military Leader, known as "the father of American cavalry', dies of battle wounds at 34

Haym Salomon

1785-01-06 Haym Salomon, Polish-born American broker who helped finance the American Revolution, dies in Philadelphia at 44

  • 1793-04-29 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist, dies at 79
  • 1801-02-07 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1804-04-03 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1809-08-30 Ignacy Potocki, Polish Foreign Minister (constitution), dies
  • 1812-02-24 Hugo Kollataj, Polish teacher/minister, dies at 61
  • 1813-10-19 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, dies in battle at 50
  • 1814-10-01 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • 1816-02-06 Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)

Tadeusz Kościuszko

1817-10-15 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, dies at 71 after falling from a horse, developing a fever and suffering a stroke

  • 1822-09-11 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor, comedist, translator, editor of humour magazines, dies at 54
  • 1829-07-23 Wojciech Boguslawski, Polish composer, dies at 72
  • 1831-07-24 Maria Szymanowska, Polish pianist and composer, dies of cholera at 41
  • 1833-04-07 Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician, cellist, and composer, dies at 57
  • 1838-05-12 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), dies at 69
  • 1840-07-22 Józef Javurek, Polish-Russian composer, dies at 83