Polish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 416

  • 0966-04-14 Christianisation of Poland
  • 0972-06-24 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1018-01-30 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen
  • 1025-04-18 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland
  • 1079-04-11 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland
  • 1227-11-23 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa
  • 1241-04-09 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1257-06-05 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1264-09-08 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1320-01-20 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes King of Poland
  • 1331-09-27 The Battle of Płowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
  • 1384-10-16 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman
  • 1386-03-04 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland

Battle of InterestBattle of Grunwald

1410-07-15 Battle of Grunwald (First Battle of Tannenburg, Battle of Žalgiris), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen
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Battle of Grunwald, a painting by Jan Matejko
Battle of Grunwald, a painting by Jan Matejko
  • 1454-03-06 Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1454-09-18 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.

  • 1481-08-30 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1514-09-08 Battle of Orsha: Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russian army
  • 1515-07-22 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1518-04-18 Bona Sforza is crowned queen consort of Poland
  • 1541-12-29 Isabella of Poland and King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu
  • 1561-11-29 Lofland subjects himself on Sigismund August II of Poland
  • 1569-07-01 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 1570-04-14 Polish Calvinists, Lutherians and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1573-05-09 Polish Parliament selects Duke of Anjou as king
  • 1574-06-18 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1575-12-14 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
  • 1577-12-16 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
  • 1582-01-15 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1587-08-18 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1587-08-19 Sigismund III becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • 1594-02-19 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
  • 1605-09-27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1610-02-14 Polish King Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki
  • 1610-07-04 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden

  • 1610-08-27 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1618-12-11 Russia & Poland signs peace treaty of Dailino
  • 1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland
  • 1621-09-28 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1629-09-26 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1634-02-19 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1634-03-01 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1634-06-14 Russia and Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 1635-09-12 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1648-04-29 Beginning of the 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
  • 1648-05-16 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Bohdan Chmielricki's cosacks defeat Polish King John Casimir after 18 days of battle
  • 1648-06-24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1651-06-28 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1651-06-30 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory
  • 1654-09-16 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1655-07-31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-10-24 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1656-11-03 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • 1656-12-01 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1657-09-19 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1657-11-06 Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg
  • 1660-04-23 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland
  • 1660-05-03 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1667-01-03 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1667-01-20 Treaty of Andrussovo ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1667-01-30 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1667-02-09 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia and Poland signs peace treaty
  • 1668-09-16 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1668-09-19 Polish King John II Casimir Vasa resigns and goes to France the following year
  • 1669-06-19 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1674-05-21 General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1683-03-31 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • 1683-09-09 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • 1684-03-05 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1697-06-27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1699-11-22 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden
  • 1704-07-12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1724-12-07 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1733-09-12 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1733-09-22 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig
  • 1736-01-26 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768-02-29 Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski joins the Bar Confederation to defend the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Russian influence

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
  • 1772-02-17 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1772-08-05 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • 1772-09-22 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1773-10-14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1775-01-17 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests in Kalisk, Poland
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-03-19 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington
  • 1785-09-29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • 1791-05-03 Constitution of May 3 is proclaimed by the Great Sejm (Parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, becoming the 1st modern constitution in Europe
  • 1792-05-19 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793-01-21 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • 1793-01-23 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 740

  • 1016-07-25 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, born in Kraków, Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1030-07-26 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, St. Stanislaw, born in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1079)
  • 1040-06-27 Ladislaus I, King of Hungary, born in Kingdom of Poland (d. 1095)
  • 1226-06-21 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), born in Stary Korczyn, Busko, Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1257-10-14 Przemysł II, King of Poland (1295-96), born in Poznań, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1271-09-17 Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1305)
  • 1286-09-01 Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1289-10-06 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1306)
  • 1309-04-30 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), born in Kowal, Poland (d. 1370)
  • 1326-03-05 Louis I, [the Great], King of Hungary (1342-82), Poland (1370-82)
  • 1374-02-18 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1427-11-30 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1492)
  • 1458-10-05 Saint Casimir, Kingdom of Poland prince and Roman Catholic saint, born in Wawel, Kraków, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1484)
  • 1467-01-01 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland

Person of interestNicolaus Copernicus

1473-02-19 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1543)

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1480-06-01 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1486-01-06 Martin Agricola [M Sore], German composer & cantor, born in Świebodzin, Poland (d. 1556)
  • 1494-02-02 Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
  • 1519-01-18 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1559)
  • 1520-08-01 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1572)
  • 1526-11-01 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1583)
  • 1533-09-15 Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
  • 1551-09-19 Henry III, King of Poland and France (1573-89), born in Château de Fontainebleau, France (d. 1589)
  • 1561-08-24 Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry), born in Zielona Góra, Poland (d. 1613)

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

1566-06-20 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1573-08-16 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1598)
  • 1574-12-15 Samuel Besler, German-Polish composer, born in Brzeg (d. 1625)
  • 1578-11-01 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), born in Klin County, Moscow Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1642)
  • 1580-07-06 Johann Stobäus, North German composer, born in Graudenz, Poland (d. 1646)
  • 1584-04-29 Melchior Teschner, German composer, born in Wschowa, Poland (d. 1635)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
  • 1588-12-24 Constance of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1631)
  • 1595-02-24 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
  • 1595-06-09 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1603-11-16 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior, born in Iwanowice, Kalisz, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1609-03-22 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1611-07-16 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1644)
  • 1611-08-18 Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, French princess and queen of Poland, born in Nevers, France (d. 1667)
  • 1612-06-25 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1634)
  • 1613-08-11 Cristoph Kaldenbach, Prussian poet and composer, born in Świebodzin, Poland (d. 1698)
  • 1616-02-28 Kaspar Förster, German composer, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1623-08-23 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, born in Raków, Kielce County, Poland (d. 1675)
  • 1624-06-02 Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1632-05-08 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, born in Mierzęcin, Poland (d. 1706)
  • 1636-04-29 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1640-05-31 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), born in Biały Kamień, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1673)
  • 1641-06-28 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), born in Nevers, France (d. 1716)
  • 1653-05-21 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)
  • 1660-11-20 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, born in Nassenhuben [now Mokry Dwór, Poland] (d. 1741)
  • 1661-05-25 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1665-03-27 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • 1667-11-02 James Louis Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland, born in Paris (d. 1737)
  • 1670-05-12 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1677-10-20 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1686-05-24 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1736)

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1686-10-12 Silvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist, born in Grodków, Poland (d. 1750)
  • 1696-10-17 August III, king of Poland/monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1698-08-27 Baal Shem Tov, Jewish mystical rabbi (founder of the Hasidic Judaism), born in Okopy Świętej Trójcy, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1760)
  • 1699-12-08 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • 1700-09-30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1713-10-08 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist, born in Opatów, Poland (d. 1793)
  • 1715-12-09 Georg Gottfried Petri, German composer, born in Żary, Poland (d. 1795)
  • 1719-04-17 Christian Gottfried Krause, German composer, born in Wińsko, Poland (d. 1770)
  • 1719-12-24 Johann Christoph Altnikol, German organist & composer (Bach's son-in-law & copyist), born in Sulików, Poland (d. 1759)
  • 1720-04-03 Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian (d. 1797)
  • 1720-04-23 Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1797)
  • 1726-10-16 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1726-12-24 Johann Ernst Hartmann, Danish organist & composer, born in Glogów, Poland (d. 1793)
  • 1729-10-22 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), born in Dirschau (Tczew), Royal Prussia, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1798)
  • 1732-01-17 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)

Person of interestHaym Salomon

1740-04-07 Haym Salomon, Polish-born American broker who helped finance the American Revolution, born in Leszno, Poland (d. 1785)

Financier Haym Salomon
Financier
Haym Salomon
  • 1740-10-26 Ernest Louis Muller, Polish composer and flautist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1811)
  • 1744-08-25 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher, theologist and poet, born in Morąg, Poland (d. 1803)

Person of interestTadeusz Kościuszko

1746-02-04 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, born in Mereczowszczyzna, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1817)

Military Leader and Statesman Tadeusz Kościuszko
Military Leader and Statesman
Tadeusz Kościuszko

Person of interestCasimir Pulaski

1747-03-06 Casimir Pulaski, Polish Military Leader (called the father of American cavalry), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1779)

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
  • 1750-02-28 Ignacy Potocki, Polish foreign minister
  • 1751-06-02 Antoni Weinert, Polish composer, born in Lusdorf (d. 1850)
  • 1754-11-26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer, born in Żnin, Poland (d. 1830)
  • 1756-10-02 Józef Javurek, Polish-Russian composer, born in Benešov, Czech Republic (d. 1840)
  • 1757-02-06 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar & statesman, born in Skoki, Poland (d. 1841)
  • 1757-04-09 Wojciech Boguslawski, Polish composer, born in Glinno, Poznań County, Poland (d. 1829)
  • 1763-05-07 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1813)
  • 1766-07-09 Johanna Schopenhauer, German writer and mother of Arthur Schopenhauer, born in Gdańsk, Royal Prussia, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (d. 1838)
  • 1768-10-26 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician, born in Radzyń Podlaski, Poland (d. 1844)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), born in Żnin, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1838)
  • 1772-04-04 Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of Breslov Hasidut, born in Międzybóż, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1810)
  • 1775-06-13 Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician and musician, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1833)
  • 1777-03-09 Aleksander Orłowski, Polish painter, cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1832)
  • 1777-11-02 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor, comedist, translator, editor of humour magazines, born near Nowogródek, Poland (d. 1822)
  • 1778-01-03 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1778-12-28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1782-01-29 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish composer, born in Grodzisk, Wielkopolski
  • 1783-10-13 Frantiszek Sołtyk, Polish composer, born in Piastów, Poland (d. 1865)
  • 1785-03-06 Karol Kurpiński, Polish composer and conductor (Pygmalion), born in Włoszakowice, Poland (d. 1857)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1789-12-14 Maria Szymanowska, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1831)
  • 1790-10-30 Karol Joseph Lipinski, Polish composer and virtuoso violinist, born in Radzyń Podlaski, Poland (d. 1861)

Famous Weddings

  • 1404-08-01 Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland
  • 1576-05-01 Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1725-09-05 French King Louis XV marries Polish princess Mary Lesczynski

LoveWedding of Interest

1847-07-28 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

LoveWedding of Interest

1969-09-08 Polish politician and trade-union organizer Lech Wałęsa (25) weds Danuta Golos (20)

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa
  • 2006-07-26 "The Da Vinci Code" actor Jean Reno (58) weds Polish model Zofia Borucka (35) at the city hall in Baux-de-Provence
  • 2013-08-31 "Blue Crush" actress Kate Bosworth (30) weds director Michael Polish (42) in Philipsburg, Montana

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 485

  • 0992-05-25 Mieszko I, Grand Duke and ruler of Poland (960-992), dies at around 61
  • 0992-05-25 Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)
  • 1025-07-17 Boleslaw I Chobry, [the brave], duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1034-05-10 Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies
  • 1058-11-28 Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies
  • 1058-11-28 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, dies at 42
  • 1063-03-21 Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland
  • 1079-05-09 Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Kraków, murdered at 48
  • 1138-10-28 Boleslaw III Wrymouth, [scheefmond], Duke of Poland, dies at 52
  • 1159-05-30 Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1194-05-05 Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138
  • 1202-03-13 Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
  • 1223-03-08 Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1238-03-19 Henry the Bearded, High Duke of Poland (1232-38), dies
  • 1257-06-04 Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1279-04-14 Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1279-12-07 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), dies at 53
  • 1296-02-08 Przemysł II, King of Poland (1295-96), dies at 38
  • 1305-06-21 Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), dies at 33
  • 1306-08-04 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), stabbed to death at 16
  • 1333-03-02 Wladyslaw IV, the Short One/Great, duke/king of Poland, dies
  • 1342-09-26 John I, ruler of Poland, dies
  • 1370-11-05 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61
  • 1382-09-10 Louis I, the Great, King of Hungary/Poland, dies
  • 1401-05-18 Vladislaus II, Duke of Opole, dies at 69
  • 1434-06-01 Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)
  • 1444-11-10 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1484-03-04 Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25
  • 1492-06-07 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64
  • 1501-06-17 Jan I Olbracht, King of Poland, dies
  • 1531-05-19 Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (b. 1456)

Person of interestNicolaus Copernicus

1543-05-24 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), dies at 70

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1545-08-27 Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1548-04-01 Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1550-10-23 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1557-11-19 Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1558-11-12 Shalom Shakna ben Joseph, Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva), dies
  • 1560-01-28 John a Lasco, [John Laski], Polish nobleman/reformed theologist, dies
  • 1572-07-07 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), dies at 51
  • 1579-08-05 Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1583-09-16 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, dies at 56
  • 1584-08-22 Jan Kochanowski, Polish writer (b. 1530)
  • 1586-12-12 Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)
  • 1589-08-02 Henry III, King of Poland and France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1596-09-09 Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1598-02-10 Anna van Bull, 1st wife of Polish/Swedish king Sigismund II, dies
  • 1603-06-27 Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1612-09-27 Piotr Skarga, Polish theology/PM (Sanctity of Life), dies at 76
  • 1620-10-07 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1620-11-07 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1621-06-21 Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
  • 1621-09-24 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1625-07-19 Samuel Besler, German-Polish composer, dies at 50
  • 1627-03-06 Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

1632-04-30 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1634-12-29 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, dies at 22
  • 1636-10-19 Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1636-12-09 Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640-04-02 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45
  • 1642-04-30 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), dies at 63
  • 1644-03-24 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland, dies at 32
  • 1648-05-20 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), dies of kidney stones at 52
  • 1651-11-20 Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1657-05-16 Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1657-08-06 Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • 1667-05-09 Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers, French Queen of Poland (1645-48), dies at 55
  • 1672-12-16 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1673-03-20 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior, dies at 69
  • 1673-11-10 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), dies at 33
  • 1673-11-14 Michael Wisniowieki, King of Poland, dies
  • 1675-05-18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1696-07-09 Waclaw Potocki, Polish poet (Wojna Chocimska), dies
  • 1716-01-30 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), dies at 74
  • 1733-02-01 August II, the Strong, King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1736-09-16 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, dies at 50

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1737-12-19 James Louis Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland, dies at 70
  • 1749-05-24 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • 1757-11-17 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), dies at 57
  • 1760-05-22 Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
  • 1763-10-05 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1766-02-23 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1773-08-03 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)

Person of interestCasimir Pulaski

1779-10-11 Casimir Pulaski, Polish Military Leader (called the father of American cavalry), dies of battle wounds at 34 (alternative date 15 March)

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski

Person of interestHaym Salomon

1785-01-06 Haym Salomon, Polish-born American broker who helped finance the American Revolution, dies in Philadelphia at 44

Financier Haym Salomon
Financier
Haym Salomon
  • 1793-04-29 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist, dies at 79
  • 1801-02-07 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1804-04-03 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1809-08-30 Ignacy Potocki, Polish Foreign Minister (constitution), dies
  • 1812-02-24 Hugo Kollataj, Polish teacher/minister, dies at 61
  • 1813-10-19 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, dies in battle at 50
  • 1814-10-01 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • 1816-02-06 Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)

Person of interestTadeusz Kościuszko

1817-10-15 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, dies at 71 after falling from a horse, developing a fever and suffering a stroke

Military Leader and Statesman Tadeusz Kościuszko
Military Leader and Statesman
Tadeusz Kościuszko
  • 1822-09-11 Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor, comedist, translator, editor of humour magazines, dies at 54
  • 1829-07-23 Wojciech Boguslawski, Polish composer, dies at 72
  • 1831-07-24 Maria Szymanowska, Polish composer, dies at 41
  • 1833-04-07 Antoni Henryk Radziwill, Lithuanian/Polish composer, dies at 57