Kraków in History

Historical Events

  • 1079-04-11 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland
  • 1241-03-18 Kraków is ravaged by Mongols
  • 1257-06-05 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1407-10-26 Mobs attack Jewish community of Kraków
  • 1655-10-09 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
  • 1702-07-19 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Krakow
  • 1785-09-29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • 1815-11-27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1846-02-23 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
  • 1939-11-06 World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics, with 184 professors arrested in Krakow and deported
  • 1943-03-14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-02-29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1945-01-18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1964-01-13 John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla] becomes archbishop of Krakow
  • 1967-05-29 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, who later became Pope John Paul II

Famous Birthdays

  • 1016-07-25 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, born in Kraków, Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1520-08-01 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1572)
  • 1595-06-09 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1609-03-22 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1817-10-27 Antoni de Kontski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1899)
  • 1822-03-01 Albin Francisco Schoepf, Polish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Podgórze, Kraków, Poland (d. 1886)
  • 1840-10-12 Helena Modjeska [Modrzejewska], Polish Shakespearian actress (Hamlet), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1909)
  • 1852-11-07 Bohdan Borkowski, Polish composer, born in Tenczynek, Krakow, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1882-02-14 Ignaz Friedman, Polish pianist and composer, born in Podgórze, Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1883-07-19 Max Fleischer, Polish-American animator and film producer (Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor Man), born in Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1891-05-03 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1969)
  • 1895-01-27 Joseph Rosenstock, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1898-08-20 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1968)
  • 1900-06-28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • 1904-06-28 Włodzimierz Poźniak, Polish composer, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1967)
  • 1927-05-20 Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal, Archbishop of Krakow (1978-2005), born in Krakow (d. 2016)
  • 1939-04-27 Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Kraków, born in Raba Wyżna, Poland
  • 1943-08-11 Krzysztof Meyer, Polish pianist, composer, and music scholar, born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1947-01-13 Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
  • 1964-11-04 Kurt Krakowian, Berwyn, Illinios, child actor
  • 1968-10-11 Jane Krakowski, American actress (30 Rock), born in Parsippany-Troy Hills, New Jersey
  • 1971-12-30 Thomas Strzalkowski, American fencer-sabre (Olympics 1996), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1972-05-16 Andrzej Duda, Polish politician, President of Poland (2015-), born in Kraków, Poland

Famous Deaths

  • 1079-05-09 Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Kraków, murdered
  • 1605-09-14 Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1619-08-15 Miriam Bella, head of Jewish community of Kraków, dies
  • 2016-08-01 Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal, Archbishop of Krakow (1978-2005), dies at 87