Kraków in History

Historical Events

  • 1079-04-11 Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland
  • 1241-03-18 Kraków is ravaged by Mongols
  • 1257-06-05 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1407-10-26 Mobs attack Jewish community of Kraków
  • 1655-10-09 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
  • 1702-07-19 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Krakow
  • 1785-09-29 Chasidic sect is excommunicated in Kraków Poland
  • 1815-11-27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1846-02-23 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
  • 1939-11-06 World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics, with 184 professors arrested in Krakow and deported

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-03-13 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Oskar Schindler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-03-14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-02-29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1944-09-13 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property
  • 1945-01-18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1946-09-05 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court
  • 1964-01-13 John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla] becomes archbishop of Krakow

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1967-05-29 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, who later became Pope John Paul II

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Famous Birthdays

  • 1016-07-25 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, born in Kraków, Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1424-10-31 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1427-11-30 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1492)
  • 1458-10-05 Saint Casimir, Kingdom of Poland prince and Roman Catholic saint, born in Wawel, Kraków, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1484)
  • 1520-08-01 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1572)
  • 1595-06-09 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1609-03-22 John II Casimir Vasa [Jan Kazimierz], King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1648-68), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1817-10-27 Antoni de Kontski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1899)
  • 1822-03-01 Albin Francisco Schoepf, Polish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Podgórze, Kraków, Poland (d. 1886)
  • 1840-10-12 Helena Modjeska [Modrzejewska], Polish Shakespearian actress (Hamlet), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1909)
  • 1844-02-22 Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, Polish composer, born in Krakow (d. 1890)
  • 1852-11-07 Bohdan Borkowski, Polish composer, born in Tenczynek, Krakow, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1882-02-14 Ignaz Friedman, Polish pianist & composer, born in Podgórze, Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1883-07-19 Max Fleischer, Polish-American animator and film producer (Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor Man), born in Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1885-04-15 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general during the Second Polish Republic, born in Kraków, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1891-05-03 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1969)
  • 1895-01-27 Joseph Rosenstock, conductor (Nippon Phil Orch 1936-41), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1898-08-20 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1968)
  • 1900-06-28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • 1904-06-28 Włodzimierz Poźniak, Polish composer, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1967)
  • 1920-01-09 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1999)
  • 1920-01-12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 2009)
  • 1927-05-20 Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal, Archbishop of Krakow (1978-2005), born in Krakow (d. 2016)
  • 1928-09-18 Adam Walacinski, Polish composer, born in Kraków, Malopolskie, Poland (d. 2015)
  • 1939-04-27 Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Kraków, born in Raba Wyżna, Poland
  • 1940-01-09 Barbara Buczek, Polish composer, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1993)
  • 1943-08-11 Krzysztof Meyer, Polish pianist, composer, and music scholar, born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1947-01-13 Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
  • 1964-11-04 Kurt Krakowian, American child actor, born in Berwyn, Illinios
  • 1968-10-11 Jane Krakowski, American actress (30 Rock), born in Parsippany-Troy Hills, New Jersey
  • 1971-12-30 Thomas Strzalkowski, American fencer-sabre (Olympics 1996), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1972-05-16 Andrzej Duda, Polish politician, President of Poland (2015-), born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1978-11-29 Ludwika Paleta, Polish-born Mexican actress, born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1980-02-28 Piotr Giza, Polish footballer, born in Kraków, Poland
  • 1989-03-06 Agnieszka Radwańska, Polish tennis player (WTA Finals champion 2015), born in Kraków, Poland

Famous Deaths

  • 1079-05-09 Stanislaus, Polish bishop of Kraków, murdered at 48
  • 1605-09-14 Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1619-08-15 Miriam Bella, head of Jewish community of Kraków, dies
  • 2016-08-01 Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal, Archbishop of Krakow (1978-2005), dies at 87