Warsaw in History

Historical Events

  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1655-08-29 Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-07-18 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Charles X Gustav beats John II Casimir and occupies Warsaw
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1702-05-14 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1784-05-25 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • 1794-11-09 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1808-10-17 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1816-11-19 Warsaw University is established.
  • 1861-02-27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • 1863-06-17 Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • 1905-02-13 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)

  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1914-10-15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914-10-21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1920-08-12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1920-08-15 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1920-08-25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1939-09-08 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • 1939-09-09 Nazi army reaches Warsaw
  • 1939-09-11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939-09-25 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939-09-27 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
  • 1939-10-01 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • 1939-11-15 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-10-16 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-10-31 Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into the Warsaw Ghetto

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1940-11-26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • 1942-07-22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp
  • 1942-12-04 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-01-14 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler

  • 1943-01-19 1st Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins
  • 1943-04-17 SS General Jürgen Stroop arrives in Warsaw
  • 1943-04-19 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • 1943-05-16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300
  • 1944-08-01 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1944-08-05 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • 1944-10-02 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • 1945-01-17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance

BattleExecution

1948-05-25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1954-07-14 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1956-11-01 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-03-08 Students demonstrate in Warsaw

Soviet UnionWarsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968-08-20 During the night 250,000 Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
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Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces complete their invasion of Czechoslovakia by arresting the Czech leader Alexander Dubček and forcing him to sign the Moscow Protocols

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1968-09-12 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-09-13 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1974-12-31 Ballon d'Or: Ajax forward Johan Cruyff wins back-to-back awards, and his 3rd overall, for best European football player ahead of Bayern Munich defender Franz Beckenbauer and Legia Warsaw midfielder Kazimierz Deyna
  • 1977-12-30 Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
  • 1980-12-15 ZBZ Sangha registered after 5 yrs of administrative hassles in Warsaw
  • 1983-04-17 In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters
  • 1987-05-09 183 die aboard a Polish jetliner that crashes in Warsaw
  • 1990-01-12 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1990-09-24 East Germany leaves Warsaw Pact
  • 1991-03-31 Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
  • 1991-04-01 Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
  • 1991-08-08 The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • 1999-03-12 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 2005-11-25 Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians showing maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, including the nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities by Soviet-controlled forces.
  • 2015-06-21 Hackers ground 1400 passengers by attacking IT system at Warsaw Chopin airport in Poland
  • 2017-11-11 Nationalist march in Warsaw, Poland, draws 60,000, to coincide with country's independence day
  • 2019-09-01 German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier asks for Polish forgiveness for WWII at 80 year commemoration in Pilsudski Square, Warsaw

Famous Birthdays

  • 1612-06-25 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1634)
  • 1661-05-25 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1740-10-26 Ernest Louis Muller, Polish composer and flautist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1811)

Person of interestCasimir Pulaski

1747-03-06 Casimir Pulaski, Polish Military Leader (called the father of American cavalry), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1779)

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
  • 1777-03-09 Aleksander Orłowski, Polish painter, cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1832)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1789-12-14 Maria Szymanowska, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1831)
  • 1800-04-16 Jozef Stefani, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1876)

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish-French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1810-05-04 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, born in Walewice, Warsaw, Poland (d. 1868)
  • 1816-09-15 Edward Wolff, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1880)
  • 1834-07-01 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1841-11-04 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1871)
  • 1844-12-22 Izydor Lotto, Polish violinist & composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1846-05-02 Zygmunt Noskowski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1909)
  • 1846-06-07 Władysław Górski, Polish violinist, composer and teacher, born in Warsaw, Poland(d. 1915)
  • 1846-12-06 Henryk Jarecki, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1850-01-14 Jean de Reszke, Polish tenor, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1925)
  • 1855-07-03 Piotr Maszyński, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1856-06-08 Natalia Janotha, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1932)

Person of interestMarie Curie

1867-11-07 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • 1872-03-19 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), born in Warsaw (d. 1918)
  • 1873-09-28 Wacław Rawicz [Berent], Polish biologist and writer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1875-04-04 Jozef Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1956)
  • 1876-11-02 Eugeniusz Morawski-Dabrowa, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1878-07-22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • 1879-07-03 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1879-07-05 Wanda Landowska, Polish-French harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1959)
  • 1879-11-27 Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1881-12-24 Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1955)
  • 1882-03-14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)

Person of interestSamuel Goldwyn

1882-08-17 Samuel Goldwyn [Shmuel Gelbfisz], Jewish Polish American movie producer (MGM), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1974)

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1884-01-03 Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1884-09-18 Ludomir Rozycki, Polish composer and conductor (Meduza, Eros i Psyche), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1888-02-20 Marie Rambert, English ballet producer/director/teacher, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1888-06-12 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1920)
  • 1889-01-25 Vladimir Scherbachov, Russian composer & professor (Blokovskaya, Thunderstorm), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1952)
  • 1891-01-15 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • 1895-09-26 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, born in Detmold, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1896-12-21 Constantine Rokossovski, Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1968)
  • 1897-12-27 Iwan S Konew, Russ marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
  • 1899-03-13 Jan Lechoń [Leszek Józef Serafinowicz], Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (d. 1956)
  • 1901-09-05 Mieczyslaw Kolinski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1981)
  • 1901-11-08 Szymon Laks, Polish composer (head of prisoners orchestra at Auschwitz), born in Warsaw (d. 1983)
  • 1902-01-14 Alfred Tarski, Polish-American logician & mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1902-02-05 Bronislaw Kaper, Polish film composer and Academy Award winner (Green Dolphin Street, Lili), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1904-12-11 Joe Coral [Joseph Kagarlitski], British bookmaker (Gala Coral Group), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1905-01-23 Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1907-01-11 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Jewish American rabbi and theologian (d. 1972), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1907-01-13 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse who tried save Izieu children from Nazis), born in Warsaw (d. 1996)
  • 1907-04-21 Antoni Szalowski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1973)
  • 1908-11-04 Joseph Rotblat, Polish Physicist, Nobel Peace Prize 1995, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • 1909-08-18 Miliza Korjus, Polish actress (Great Waltz), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1980)
  • 1909-08-19 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes and Diamonds), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1911-11-04 Jack Rose, American screenwriter, born in Warsaw, Russian Empire (d. 1995)
  • 1912-09-17 Irena Kwiatkowska, Polish actress and comedienne (Siedem Kotów, Kabaret Starszych Panów), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2011)
  • 1914-09-24 Andrzej Panufnik, Polish composer (Tragic Overture), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1915-12-13 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1919-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, born in Wyszków, Second Polish Republic (d. 1943)

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1919-12-08 Mieczysław Weinberg [Moisey Samuilovich Vaynberg], Polish-Soviet composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1922-04-27 Martin Gray, Polish-born American writer, holocaust survivor, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2016)
  • 1923-07-03 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • 1924-11-20 Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-French-American mathematician (proved Zipf's law), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2010)
  • 1925-08-23 Włodzimierz Kotoński, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2014)
  • 1928-03-28 Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security advisor (Carter), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2017)
  • 1929-01-11 Wanda Wilkomirska, Polish violinist, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1930-06-13 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2004)
  • 1933-10-13 Adam Kaczyński, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2010)
  • 1934-06-20 Horst Mahseli, Polish soccer striker (9 caps; Legia Warsaw), born in Bytom, Poland (d. 1999)
  • 1936-06-27 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2011)
  • 1937-10-07 Maria Szyszkowska, Polish politician, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1938-05-05 Jerzy Skolimowski, Polish film director (Hands Up, Deep End), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1938-08-15 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • 1938-09-19 Zygmunt Krauze, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1939-05-19 Tomasz Sikorski, Polish minimalist composer (Solitude of Sounds), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1988)
  • 1940-01-03 Bernard Blaut, Polish soccer midfielder (36 caps; KP Legia Warsaw, FC Metz) and manager (UAE), born in Krapkowice, Poland (d. 2007)
  • 1941-06-27 Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (The Double Life of Veronique), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1942-04-03 Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (Janosik), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • 1946-03-03 James C Adamson, Lt Col USA/astronaut (STS 28, STS 43), born in Warsaw, New York
  • 1946-10-01 Ewa Klobukowska, Polish athlete (Olympic gold 4x100m relay 1964), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1948-11-28 Agnieszka Holland, Polish actress and director (Europa Europa), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949-06-18 Lech Kaczyński, Polish president (2005-10), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949-06-18 Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Polish lawyer and politician (head of Law and Justice party), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1950-09-13 Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician (8th Prime Minister of Poland), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1955-04-03 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel and cosmonaut, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1957-09-15 Paweł Pawlikowski, Polish filmmaker (Cold War), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1965-02-27 Sandra Cecchini, Italian tennis star (1995 Warsaw doubles), born in Bologna, Italy
  • 1968-01-05 Andrew Golota, Polish boxer, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1968-03-03 Diann Roffe-Steinrotter, alpine skier (Olympic gold/silver-92), born in Warsaw, New York
  • 1970-12-14 Anna Maria Jopek, Polish musician and singer, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1976-01-17 Aga Zaryan [Agnieszka Skrzypek], Polish jazz singer (A Book of Luminous Things), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1976-08-29 Kasia Kulesza, Canadian synchronized swimmer (Olympic silver 1996), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1981-04-23 Joanna Krupa, Polish-American supermodel and actress, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1981-05-06 Edyta Sliwinska, Polish professional dancer (Dancing With The Stars), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1988-08-21 Robert Lewandowski, Polish football player (Bayern Munich, Polish national team), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1999-03-13 Wiktoria Gąsiewska, Polish actress, born in Warsaw, Poland

Famous Deaths

  • 1905-01-11 Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Warsaw, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • 1927-06-07 Voikov, Soviet ambassador to Warsaw, murdered
  • 1942-08-07 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), is gassed at Treblinka extermination camp along with the residents of his orphanage at 64

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1943-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, suspected to have committed suicide at 24 rather than surrender to Nazi troops that had surrounded his command bunker

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1951-09-08 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at 56
  • 1981-06-17 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, dies at 65
  • 1993-08-08 Roy London, American actor and director (Tiger Warsaw), dies of lymphoma at 50
  • 1999-12-03 Horst Mahseli, Polish soccer striker (9 caps; Legia Warsaw), dies at 65
  • 2000-11-02 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, dies at 76
  • 2007-05-19 Bernard Blaut, Polish soccer midfielder (36 caps; KP Legia Warsaw, FC Metz) and manager (UAE), dies at 67