Warsaw in History

Historical Events

  • 1573-01-28 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1655-08-29 Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • 1656-06-20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1656-07-18 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Charles X Gustav beats John II Casimir and occupies Warsaw
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1702-05-14 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1716-11-03 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1775-01-22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1775-02-22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1784-05-25 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • 1794-11-09 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1808-10-17 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1816-11-19 Warsaw University is established.
  • 1861-02-27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • 1863-06-17 Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • 1905-02-13 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1914-10-15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914-10-21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1920-08-12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1920-08-15 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • 1920-08-25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1939-09-08 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • 1939-09-09 Nazi army reaches Warsaw
  • 1939-09-11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939-09-25 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939-09-27 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
  • 1939-10-01 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • 1939-11-15 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-10-16 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank

Lawyer Hans Frank
Hans Frank
  • 1940-10-31 Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into the Warsaw Ghetto
  • 1940-11-26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • 1942-07-22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp
  • 1942-12-04 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-01-14 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1943-01-19 1st Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins
  • 1943-04-17 SS General Jürgen Stroop arrives in Warsaw
  • 1943-04-19 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • 1943-05-16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300
  • 1944-08-01 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1944-10-02 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • 1945-01-17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance


1948-05-25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1954-07-14 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1956-11-01 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-03-08 Students demonstrate in Warsaw
  • 1968-08-20 During the night 200,00 Warsaw Pact Soviet led troops begin to invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces continue their invasion of Czechoslovakia to end the reform movement known as the Prague Spring
  • 1968-09-12 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1968-09-13 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1977-12-30 Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
  • 1980-12-15 ZBZ Sangha registered after 5 yrs of administrative hassles in Warsaw
  • 1983-04-17 In Warsaw, police route 1,000 Solidarity supporters
  • 1987-05-09 183 die aboard a Polish jetliner that crashes in Warsaw
  • 1990-01-12 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1990-09-24 East Germany leaves Warsaw Pact
  • 1991-03-31 Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
  • 1991-04-01 Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
  • 1991-08-08 The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • 1999-03-12 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 2005-11-25 Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians. Maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, including nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities by Soviet-controlled forces revealed
  • 2015-06-21 Hackers ground 1400 passengers by attacking IT system at Warsaw Chopin airport in Poland

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestCasimir Pulaski

1747-03-06 Casimir Pulaski, Polish military leader (called the father of American cavalry), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1779)

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish/French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Frederic Chopin
  • 1841-11-04 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1871)

Person of interestMarie Curie

1867-11-07 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • 1872-03-19 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), born in Warsaw (d. 1918)
  • 1873-09-28 Waclaw Rawicz, [Berent], biologist/writer, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1875-04-04 Jozef Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1956)
  • 1879-07-05 Wanda Landowska, Polish-French harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1959)

Person of interestSamuel Goldwyn

1882-08-17 Samuel Goldwyn [Shmuel Gelbfisz], Jewish Polish American movie producer (MGM), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1974)

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1888-02-20 Marie Rambert, English ballet producer/director/teacher, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1891-01-15 Osip E Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1895-09-26 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, born in Detmold, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1897-12-27 Iwan S Konew, Russ marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
  • 1901-09-05 Mieczyslaw Kolinski, composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1981)
  • 1901-11-08 Szymon Laks, Polish composer (head of prisoners orchestra at Auschwitz), born in Warsaw (d. 1983)
  • 1902-01-14 Alfred Tarski, mathematician/logician, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1904-12-11 Joe Coral [Joseph Kagarlitski], British bookmaker (Gala Coral Group), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1907-01-11 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Jewish American rabbi and theologian (d. 1972), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1907-01-13 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse who tried save Izieu children from Nazis), born in Warsaw (d. 1996)
  • 1908-11-04 Joseph Rotblat, Polish Physicist, Nobel Peace Prize 1995, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • 1909-08-18 Miliza Korjus, Polish actress (Great Waltz), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1980)
  • 1909-08-19 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes & Diamonds), born in Warsaw (d. 1983)
  • 1914-09-24 Andrzej Panufnik, composer (Tragic Overture), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1915-12-13 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1919-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, born in Wyszków, Second Polish Republic (d. 1943)

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1923-07-03 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • 1924-11-20 Benoit Mandelbrot, mathematician (proved Zipf's law), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1928-03-28 Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security advisor (Carter), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2017)
  • 1929-01-11 Wanda Wilkomirska, Polish violinist, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1938-05-05 Jerzy Skolimowski, director (Hands Up, Deep End), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1938-08-15 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • 1946-03-03 James C Adamson, Lt Col USA/astronaut (STS 28, STS 43), born in Warsaw, New York
  • 1948-11-28 Agnieszka Holland, Polish actress, director (Europa Europa), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949-06-18 Lech Kaczyński, Polish president (2005-10), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949-06-18 Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Polish lawyer and politician (head of Law and Justice party), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1965-02-27 Sandra Cecchini, Italian tennis star (1995 Warsaw doubles), born in Bologna, Italy
  • 1968-03-03 Diann Roffe-Steinrotter, alpine skier (Olympic gold/silver-92), born in Warsaw, New York
  • 1976-08-29 Kasia Kulesza, Canadian synchronized swimmer (Olympic silver 1996), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1988-08-21 Robert Lewandowski, Polish football player (Bayern Munich, Polish national team), born in Warsaw, Poland

Famous Deaths

  • 1905-01-11 Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Warsaw, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • 1927-06-07 Voikov, Soviet ambassador to Warsaw, murdered
  • 1943-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • 1951-09-08 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at 56
  • 1981-06-17 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, dies at 65
  • 1993-08-08 Roy London, US actor and director (Tiger Warsaw), dies of lymphoma at 50