Polish History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 416


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-03-23 Lt-general Tadeusz Kościuszko returns to Poland

Military Leader and Statesman Tadeusz Kościuszko
Military Leader and Statesman
Tadeusz Kościuszko
  • 1795-03-28 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1795-10-24 3rd Partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia
  • 1815-11-27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • 1815-11-27 Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • 1830-11-29 November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.
  • 1831-02-20 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
  • 1832-02-26 Polish constitution abolished and replaced by Tsar Nicholas I
  • 1846-02-23 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
  • 1851-03-07 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1861-02-27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • 1863-01-10 January uprising begins in Poland
  • 1863-01-19 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • 1883-01-13 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
  • 1893-05-27 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-06-05 Emperor Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the slavs

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

  • 1902-06-13 Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-10-20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • 1906-04-05 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • 1906-06-14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1908-09-09 Russia takes part of Poland

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1909-02-12 Symphony in B minor "Polonia", by polish composer Ignacy Jan Paderewski has its public premiere with the Boston Symphony Orchestra

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1913-11-26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
  • 1914-08-11 Jews are expelled from Mitchenick, Poland
  • 1914-10-06 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1916-11-05 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland
  • 1918-11-03 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • 1918-11-06 Republic of Poland proclaimed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918-11-10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1918-11-11 Poland declares independence
  • 1918-11-13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
  • 1918-11-21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • 1918-11-22 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • 1918-11-22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)

  • 1918-12-27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 1919-01-15 Pianist & statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes first premier of Poland
  • 1919-01-18 Composer and musician Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Polish Prime Minister
  • 1919-02-14 The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • 1919-04-05 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1919-04-20 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • 1919-11-27 Ignacy Jan Paderewski resigns as Polish Prime Minister
  • 1920-02-10 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • 1920-04-24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • 1920-05-05 Polish troops occupy Kiev
  • 1920-07-11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-08-12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1920-08-15 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • 1920-08-25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1921-03-17 The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
  • 1921-03-18 2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged
  • 1922-02-20 Vilnius, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
  • 1922-05-15 Germany turns over the Upper Silesia region to Poland under Allied pressure and despite a plebiscite in favor of merging with Germany
  • 1922-09-23 Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1922-12-01 Polish state Chief Marshal Józef Piłsudski resigns
  • 1922-12-09 Gabriel Narutowicz elected Polish president
  • 1922-12-20 Polish parliament selects Stanislaw Wojcieckowski as president
  • 1923-03-14 Allies accepts Vilnius taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • 1923-04-18 Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • 1923-12-10 Polish government of Grabski forms
  • 1925-01-05 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office
  • 1926-05-12 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime
  • 1926-06-01 Ignacy Mocicki elected President of Poland
  • 1926-06-04 Ignacy Mościcki becomes President of Poland (holds office till 1939)
  • 1927-02-25 Gdańsk and Polish accord concerning traffic through Polish corridor
  • 1928-07-31 Halina Konopacka of Poland hurls discus world record 39.62m to win first gold medal in women's Olympic athletics at the Amsterdam Games; American Lillian Copeland and Ruth Sveberg of Sweden take minor medals
  • 1929-02-09 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
  • 1931-06-15 Poland and USSR sign friendship and trade treaty
  • 1932-09-11 Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.
  • 1932-11-27 Poland & USSR sign non-aggression treaty
  • 1933-03-06 Poland occupies the free city of Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • 1934-01-26 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • 1934-06-26 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty
  • 1935-04-23 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted
  • 1936-08-04 American Helen Stephens runs 11.5 to win the 100m at the Berlin Olympics, beating controversial intersex athlete Stanisława Walasiewicz of Poland
  • 1937-07-03 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Round of England beats Poland's Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6-2, 2-6, 7-5 for her second Wimbledon title
  • 1937-09-11 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Anita Lizana of Chile becomes first Latin American to win a major; beats Jadwiga Jędrzejowska of Poland 6-4, 6-2
  • 1938-04-05 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland
  • 1938-06-13 Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • 1939-03-21 Nazi Germany demands the return of Danzig (Gdańsk) from Poland
  • 1939-03-31 Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany
  • 1939-04-06 Great Britain & Poland sign military pact

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939-04-28 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939-08-23 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree the Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression pact and secretly divide Poland between themselves, setting the stage for World War II

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1939-08-27 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor
  • 1939-08-28 Journalist Care Hollingworth observes the “large numbers of troops, literally hundreds of tanks, armored cars and field guns” Germany had aligned along the Polish border. Three days later, Hitler invades Poland and WWII begins.
  • 1939-08-30 Poland mobilizes
  • 1939-08-31 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • 1939-09-01 World War II starts when Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig
  • 1939-09-03 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1939-09-04 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • 1939-09-17 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • 1939-09-17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war
  • 1939-09-18 Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania
  • 1939-09-19 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
  • 1939-09-30 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • 1939-10-04 Last Polish troops surrender

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 740

  • 1793-07-20 Aleksander Fredro, Polish poet and comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski), born in Surochów, Poland (d. 1876)
  • 1797-07-20 Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist, born in Glausche, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1873)
  • 1798-01-24 Karl von Holtei, Silesian actor, playwright and author (Die Vagabunden), born in Poland (d. 1880)
  • 1798-12-24 Adam Mickiewicz, Polish national poet (Pan Tadeusz), born in Zavosse, Belarus (d. 1855)
  • 1800-04-16 Jozef Stefani, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1876)
  • 1800-05-06 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general, born in Volhynia (d. 1881)
  • 1800-06-23 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1800-09-16 Józef Nowakowski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Koryciska, Przysucha County, Poland (d. 1865)
  • 1801-04-19 Gustav Fechner, German philosopher and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), born in Żarki Wielkie, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1801-12-15 August Freyer, Polish musician and composer, born in Saxony (d. 1883)
  • 1802-01-03 Feliks Ostrowski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Kraśnik, Russian Empire (d. 1860)
  • 1803-04-30 Albrecht von Roon, Prussian soldier and statesman (Minister of War), born in Pleushagen, Poland (d. 1879)
  • 1803-07-23 Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Austrian lawyer and composer, born in Lubomirski Palace, Opole Lubelskie, Poland (d. 1883)
  • 1803-10-06 Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, Prussian physicist and meteorologist, born in Legnica, Poland (d. 1879)
  • 1806-02-22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1807-02-15 Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, Polish composer, born in Romanów, Russian Empire (d. 1867)
  • 1808-10-01 Eduard Sobolewski, Polish-American violinist and composer, born in Königsberg (d. 1872)
  • 1809-08-30 Adolf Friedrich Hesse, German composer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1863)
  • 1809-09-04 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1810-03-01 Frederic Chopin, Polish-French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), born in Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (d. 1849) (baptismal records 22nd Feb)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1810-05-04 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, born in Walewice, Warsaw, Poland (d. 1868)
  • 1814-02-22 Oskar Kolberg, Polish ethnographer, folklorist, and composer (Lud), born in Przysucha, Poland (d. 1890)
  • 1815-03-30 Wincenty Studzinski, Polish violinist and composer, born in Kraków (d. 1854)
  • 1816-09-15 Edward Wolff, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1880)
  • 1817-10-27 Antoni de Kontski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1899)
  • 1818-04-25 Marek Konrad Sokolowski, Polish guitarist and composer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1883)
  • 1819-05-05 Stanisław Moniuszko, Polish composer, born in Ubiel, Belarus (d. 1872)
  • 1821-09-24 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), born in Głuchy, Poland (d. 1883)
  • 1822-03-01 Albin Francisco Schoepf, Polish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Podgórze, Kraków, Poland (d. 1886)
  • 1822-03-08 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish engineer, businessman and inventor, born in Zaduszniki, Mielec, Austrian Empire (d. 1882)
  • 1822-10-29 Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1823-10-26 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), born in Dzierżoniów, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1824-07-08 Waldimir "Kriz" Krzyzanowski, Polish-American engineer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1825-04-03 Adolf Rzepko, Polish composer, born in Prague (d. 1892)
  • 1826-12-24 Ignacy Krzyzanowski, Polish composer, born in Opatów, Poland (d. 1905)
  • 1827-03-26 Emanuel Kania, Polish composer, born in Uszyce, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1828-01-24 Ferdinand Cohn, German biologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1898)
  • 1828-01-24 Karol Studzinski, Polish violinist & composer, born in Krakow; (d. 1883)
  • 1829-05-30 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1897)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1831-03-14 Leon Leopold Lewandoski, Polish composer, born in Kalisz, Poland (d. 1896)
  • 1831-08-13 Salomon Jadassohn, German pianist and composer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1902)
  • 1833-05-09 Boleslaw Dembinski, Polish organist and composer, born in Poznań (d. 1914)
  • 1834-07-01 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1835-01-05 Friedrich Richard Faltin, Finnish composer, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1835-03-06 Ludwik Grossman, Polish composer (Duch Wojewody - The Ghost of Voyvode), born in Tureck, Poland (d. 1915)
  • 1835-07-10 Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer (Souv de Moscou), born in Lubin, Poland (d. 1880)
  • 1836-07-24 Jan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist, born in Radom, Poland (d. 1902)
  • 1837-06-08 Jan Kleczyński Sr., Polish painist and composer, born in Janiewicze, Russian Empire (d. 1895)
  • 1837-07-06 Władysław Żeleński, Polish organist and composer, born in Grodkowice (d. 1921)
  • 1837-09-19 Adolf Sonnenfeld, Polish violinist and composer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1914)
  • 1838-05-24 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1839-11-25 Stanisław Duniecki, Polish composer, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1870)
  • 1840-10-12 Helena Modjeska [Modrzejewska], Polish Shakespearian actress (Hamlet), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1909)
  • 1841-06-06 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (Dziurdziowie), born in Milkowszczyzna, Poland (d. 1910)
  • 1841-11-04 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1871)
  • 1844-02-22 Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, Polish composer, born in Krakow (d. 1890)
  • 1844-12-22 Izydor Lotto, Polish violinist & composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1845-08-20 Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint, born in Igołomia, Małopolskie, Congress Poland (d. 1916)
  • 1845-10-28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1846-01-29 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
  • 1846-05-02 Zygmunt Noskowski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1909)
  • 1846-05-05 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1916)
  • 1846-06-07 Władysław Górski, Polish violinist, composer and teacher, born in Warsaw, Poland(d. 1915)
  • 1846-11-10 Paul Kuczynski, Polish composer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1897)
  • 1846-12-06 Henryk Jarecki, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1846-12-31 Richard Kleinmichel, Russian composer, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1847-08-20 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (The Outpost), born in Hrubieszów, Congress Poland (d. 1912)
  • 1848-07-27 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, born in Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland) (d. 1916)
  • 1850-01-06 Franz Xaver Scharwenka, German pianist & composer (Mataswintha), born in Szamotuły, Poland (d. 1924)
  • 1850-01-14 Jean de Reszke, Polish tenor, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1925)
  • 1851-05-23 Antoni Stolpe, Polish pianist and composer, born in Pulawy, Poland (d. 1872)
  • 1852-11-07 Bohdan Borkowski, Polish composer, born in Tenczynek, Krakow, Poland (d. 1901)
  • 1854-02-28 Juliusz Zarebski, Polish composer, born in Zhytomyr, Polish Kingdom (d. 1885)
  • 1854-04-21 Władysław Rzepko, Polish composer, born in Piórków, Poland (d. 1932)
  • 1854-08-23 Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German composer, born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1925)
  • 1855-07-03 Piotr Maszyński, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1855-08-31 Stefan Surzynski, Polish conductor and composer, born in Srem, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1856-06-08 Natalia Janotha, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1932)
  • 1857-09-13 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (Drzymała's wagon), born in Province of Posen, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1857-11-02 Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (Babinski reflex), born in Paris (d. 1932)

Person of interestJoseph Conrad

1857-12-03 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1857-12-15 Eugeniusz Pankiewicz, Polish composer, born in Siedlce, Poland (d. 1898)
  • 1858-08-01 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Oleśnica, Poland (d. 1922)
  • 1859-01-21 Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, Polish composer and pianist, born in Warsaw (d. 1886)
  • 1859-10-16 Henryk Pachulski, Polish composer, born in Lazy, Poland (d. 1921)
  • 1859-11-04 Stanisław Niewiadomski, Polish composer, born in Soposzyn (d. 1936)
  • 1859-12-15 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1859-12-24 Roman Statkowski, Polish composer, born in Szczypiorno, Poland (d. 1925)
  • 1860-08-22 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award), born in Lebork, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1860-08-22 Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Trzebiechów, Zielona Góra County, Poland (d. 1917)

Person of interestIgnacy Jan Paderewski

1860-11-18 Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish composer and 1st premier of Poland (1919), born in Kuryłówka, Russian Empire (d. 1941)

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1863-04-29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1863-05-28 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1865-02-12 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
  • 1865-04-17 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1865-05-05 Felicjan Szopski, Polish composer, born in Krzeszowice, Poland (d. 1939)
  • 1865-08-02 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1955)
  • 1865-10-15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1866-09-29 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman, born in Chełm, Congress Poland (d. 1934)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 485

  • 1838-05-12 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), dies at 69
  • 1840-07-22 Józef Javurek, Polish-Russian composer, dies at 83
  • 1844-12-02 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician, dies at 76
  • 1846-05-23 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
  • 1846-08-27 Franciszek Ścigalski, Polish composer, dies at 64
  • 1846-11-06 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1849-04-03 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39

Person of interestFrederic Chopin

1849-10-17 Frederic Chopin, Polish-French pianist and composer (Concert in F Minor), dies of at 39

Composer Frederic Chopin
Composer
Frederic Chopin
  • 1854-04-18 Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner, Polish composer, dies at 84
  • 1854-07-15 Wincenty Studzinski, Polish violinist and composer, dies at 39
  • 1855-11-26 Adam B Mickiewicz, Polish poet (Polish Legion), dies at 56
  • 1856-01-24 Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
  • 1857-09-18 Karol Kurpiński, Polish composer and conductor (Pygmalion), dies at 72
  • 1859-02-23 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • 1860-11-14 Feliks Ostrowski, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 58
  • 1861-10-05 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • 1861-12-16 Karol Joseph Lipinski, Polish composer and virtuoso violinist, dies at 71
  • 1865-08-27 Józef Nowakowski, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 64
  • 1865-09-24 Frantiszek Sołtyk, Polish composer, dies at 81
  • 1870-12-16 Stanisław Duniecki, Polish composer, dies at 31
  • 1871-07-17 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, dies of typhoid at 29
  • 1872-05-17 Eduard Sobolewski, Polish-American violinist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1872-06-04 Stanisław Moniuszko, Polish composer, dies at 53
  • 1872-09-07 Antoni Stolpe, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 21
  • 1873-10-06 Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist, dies at 76
  • 1875-06-02 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1876-03-19 Jozef Stefani, Polish composer, dies at 75
  • 1876-07-15 Aleksander Fredro, Polish poet and comedy writer (Zemstra), dies at 82
  • 1880-03-31 Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violinist and composer (Souv de Moscou), dies at 44
  • 1880-10-16 Edward Wolff, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 64
  • 1881-03-26 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general, dies at 80
  • 1883-05-23 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), dies at 61
  • 1883-05-28 August Freyer, Polish musician and composer, dies at 79
  • 1883-12-25 Marek Konrad Sokolowski, Polish guitarist and composer, dies at 65
  • 1886-12-14 Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, Polish-Russian composer, dies at 27
  • 1887-03-16 Emanuel Kania, Polish composer, dies at 59
  • 1888-04-16 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, dies at 42
  • 1890-11-04 Kazamierz Julian Kratzer, Polish composer, dies at 46
  • 1892-03-31 Adolf Rzepko, Polish composer, dies at 66
  • 1895-09-15 Jan Kleczyński Sr., Polish pianist and composer, dies at 58
  • 1896-11-22 Leon Leopold Lewandoski, Polish composer, dies at 65
  • 1897-10-21 Paul Kuczynski, Polish composer, dies at 50
  • 1898-12-24 Eugeniusz Pankiewicz, Polish composer, dies at 41
  • 1899-12-07 Antoni de Kontski, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 82
  • 1901-11-06 Bohdan Borkowski, Polish composer, dies at 48
  • 1902-01-06 Jan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist, dies at 65
  • 1902-07-22 Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal, dies at 79
  • 1903-02-11 Henryk Szulc, Polish composer, dies at 67
  • 1907-11-28 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, poet, painter, and architect (b. 1869)
  • 1908-06-11 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, dies at 45
  • 1908-09-23 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, dies at 74
  • 1909-02-08 Mieczysław Karłowicz, Polish composer, dies at 32
  • 1909-04-09 Helena Modrzejewska, Polish-American actress, dies from Bright's disease at 68
  • 1909-07-09 Kasimir Felix Badeni, Premier of Polish/Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • 1909-07-23 Zygmunt Noskowski, Polish composer, dies at 63
  • 1910-05-18 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (Dziurdziowie), dies at 68
  • 1910-08-05 Wojciech Gawronski, Polish composer, dies at 42
  • 1910-10-15 Stanley Ketchel [The Michigan Assassin], Polish-American heavyweight boxing champion (1908-10), murdered at a ranch in Missouri at 24
  • 1912-05-19 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (The Outpost), dies at 64
  • 1914-05-28 Adolf Sonnenfeld, Polish violinist and composer, dies at 76
  • 1915-02-07 Władysław Górski, Polish violinist, composer and teacher, dies at 68
  • 1915-03-24 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
  • 1916-11-15 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), dies at 70
  • 1916-12-25 Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint, dies at 71
  • 1917-04-14 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57
  • 1917-09-05 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (pioneer of statistical physics), dies at 45
  • 1918-08-12 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), dies of cancer at 46
  • 1918-12-18 Henryk Jarecki, Polish composer, dies at 72
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1919-04-06 Stefan Surzynski, Polish conductor and composer, dies at 63
  • 1920-01-03 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, dies at 31
  • 1920-08-06 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
  • 1920-11-08 Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1921-03-02 Henryk Pachulski, Polish composer, dies at 61
  • 1922-07-06 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), dies at 59
  • 1922-12-16 Gabriel Narutowicz, 1st President of Poland (Dec 7-16, 1922), assassinated

Person of interestJoseph Conrad

1924-08-03 Joseph Conrad, Polish/British writer (Heart of Darkness), dies at 66

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1924-09-11 Mieczyslaw Surzynski, Polish organ virtuoso and composer (1904 Organ Concerto), dies at 57
  • 1925-03-04 Moritz Moszkowski, Polish-German composer, dies at 70
  • 1925-12-05 Władysław Reymont, Polish novelist (Chiopi, Nobel-1924), dies at 58
  • 1927-01-11 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish Indologist and scholar, dies at 41
  • 1927-12-14 Julian Sochocki, Russian-Polish mathematician, dies at 85
  • 1928-04-18 Henryk Melcer-Szczawiński, Polish composer, dies at 58
  • 1928-11-13 Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish/German orientalist, dies at 60
  • 1930-05-14 Władysław Orkan [Franciszek Ksawery Smaciarz], Polish author (Nowele Zebrane), dies at 54
  • 1932-04-19 Władysław Rzepko, Polish composer, dies at 77
  • 1932-06-09 Natalia Janotha, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 76
  • 1932-09-11 Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish pilots (Żwirko b. 1895 Wigura b. 1901)
  • 1932-10-29 Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (Babinski reflex), dies at 74
  • 1934-01-12 Pawel Kochanski, Polish violinist, composer and arranger (b. 1887)

Person of interestMarie Curie

1934-07-04 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), dies at 66

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • 1934-08-01 Piotr Maszyński, Polish composer, dies at 79
  • 1935-04-05 Emil Młynarski, Polish conductor and composer, dies at 64

Person of interestJózef Piłsudski

1935-05-12 Józef Piłsudski, Father of the Second Polish Republic who served as its Chief of State (1918-22), Marshall of Poland and later its de facto leader (1926-35), dies at 67

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1935-05-15 Kazimir Malevich, Polish/Ukrainian artist (b. 1878)
  • 1935-06-22 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1936-08-15 Stanisław Niewiadomski, Polish composer, dies at 76
  • 1937-03-29 Karol Szymanowski, Polish/Ukraine composer (Stabat Mater), dies at 54
  • 1937-04-25 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (Drzymała's wagon), dies at 79
  • 1937-10-26 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, dies at 70