Polish History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 416

  • 1939-10-06 Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
  • 1939-10-08 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1939-10-26 Polish Jews forced into obligatory work service

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939-10-30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939-11-12 Jews in Lodz, Poland ordered to wear a yellow star of David

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-11-23 Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-12-01 SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1940-01-06 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.
  • 1940-01-23 Pianist Ignaz Paderewski becomes premier of Polish government in exile
  • 1940-01-25 Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland
  • 1940-01-26 Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
  • 1940-02-08 Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland
  • 1940-06-14 Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)
  • 1940-06-22 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1940-08-20 1st Polish squadrons fight along allies in the Battle of Britain

  • 1941-02-20 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
  • 1941-02-20 Nazi Germany orders Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
  • 1941-05-19 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
  • 1941-06-25 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • 1941-06-27 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • 1941-06-28 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1941-07-10 Jedwabne Pogrom: massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne, Poland
  • 1941-09-06 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to their ghetto
  • 1941-09-16 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
  • 1941-10-15 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • 1941-12-04 Nazi ordinance places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts
  • 1941-12-08 Chełmno extermination camp opens, 50 kilometres from Łódź, Poland
  • 1942-02-14 The Polish resistance movement, the Home Army, is formed and will eventually become the largest resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1942-03-17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • 1942-03-25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • 1942-07-13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
  • 1942-07-13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • 1942-07-28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
  • 1942-08-10 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
  • 1942-08-11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland

  • 1942-09-12 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1942-09-30 SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942-12-10 An early report the Holocaust prepared by the Polish government-in-exile, using information obtained by Witold Pilecki, is addressed to UN member states

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1943-04-13 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
  • 1943-04-27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
  • 1943-06-10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland
  • 1943-07-11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1943-10-14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland
  • 1944-01-29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944-04-28 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944-05-18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • 1944-07-17 Soviet troops cross Bug River and march into Poland
  • 1944-07-18 Polish troops under General Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • 1944-07-22 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • 1944-07-23 Soviet Army marches into Lublin, Poland
  • 1944-08-01 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1944-08-05 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • 1944-08-06 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • 1944-08-07 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • 1944-08-08 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
  • 1944-08-19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • 1944-08-19 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • 1944-09-20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • 1944-09-21 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • 1944-09-25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • 1944-10-02 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • 1944-10-29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • 1945-01-18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1945-01-27 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • 1945-05-03 1st Polish Armoured Division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West occupies Wilhelmshafen in Germany
  • 1945-06-28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • 1946-07-04 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • 1946-07-14 Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland
  • 1947-02-05 Bolewet Beirut becomes President of Poland
  • 1947-05-08 Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki, who had volunteered to be imprisoned in Auschwitz to gain information about the Holocaust, is arrested by Polish communist police
  • 1948-05-25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw
  • 1948-09-03 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • 1949-10-22 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • 1950-04-18 Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations
  • 1950-06-06 German DR & Poland sign treaty about Oder-Neisse border
  • 1950-07-06 German DR recognizes Oder-Neisse borders with Poland
  • 1950-07-12 ILTF re-admit Germany and Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraws
  • 1951-05-15 Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czesław Miłosz, asks the French government for political asylum
  • 1952-07-22 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1953-09-26 Polish government fires/imprisons Cardinal Wyszynski
  • 1954-08-31 WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1955-11-15 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • 1956-03-20 E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP
  • 1956-04-06 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
  • 1956-06-28 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956-11-18 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1956-11-27 Elżbieta Krzesińska of Poland equals world record with leap of 6.53m to win the women's long jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • 1956-12-11 Anti-Russian demonstrations in Stettin & Wroclaw, Poland
  • 1957-01-20 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
  • 1957-05-01 US gives Poland credit of $95 million

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959-04-25 Then-bishop Karol Wojtyla's (future Pope John Paul II) celebrates newly completed Nowa Huta, Poland's first ever Mass at midnight of Christmas morning

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

OlympicsOlympic Gold

1960-09-05 Cassius Clay [Muhammad Ali] beats 3-time European champion Zbigniew Pietrzykowski of Poland by unanimous points decision to win Olympic light heavyweight boxing gold medal at the Rome Games

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1964-10-16 In an incredibly close women's 100m final at the Tokyo Olympics American sprinter Wyomia Tyus runs 11.4s to beat team mate Edith McGuire by 0.2s; Ewa Kłobukowska of Poland takes bronze with the same time as McGuire
  • 1964-10-19 In a blanket finish in the 80m hurdles at the Tokyo Olympics, Germany's Karin Balzer and Teresa Cieply of Poland both record 10.5s with Pam Kilborn of Australia 10.6; Balzer is awarded the gold medal
  • 1964-10-19 American sprinter Edith McGuire runs an Olympic record 23.0 to win the women's 200m gold medal in Tokyo; minor place medallists Irena Szewińska of Poland and Australian Marilyn Black both record 23.1
  • 1964-10-21 Polish 4×100m women's relay team runs a world record 43.6 to beat the US by 0.3s and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics; Teresa Ciepły, Irena Kirszenstein, Halina Górecka & Ewa Kłobukowska
  • 1964-10-21 US 4 x 100m men's relay team of Paul Drayton, Gerry Ashworth, Richard Stebbins & Bob Hayes run world record 39.0s to beat Poland by 0.3s and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 740

  • 1866-10-07 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1866-12-22 Mieczyslaw Surzynski, Polish organ virtuoso and composer (1904 Organ Concerto), born in Środa, Poland (d. 1924)
  • 1866-12-28 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1867-10-25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1867-11-04 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), born in Sierzchowy, Piotrków Governorate, Congress Poland (d. 1955)

Person of interestMarie Curie

1867-11-07 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

Person of interestJózef Piłsudski

1867-12-05 Józef Piłsudski, Father of the Second Polish Republic who served as its Chief of State (1918-22), Marshall of Poland and later its de facto leader (1926-35), born in Zułów, Russian Empire (d. 1935)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1868-01-07 Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish/German orientalist
  • 1868-03-28 Wojciech Gawroński, Polish pianist and composer, born in Sejmany, Russian Empire [now Lithuania] (d. 1910)
  • 1868-05-06 Władysław Reymont, Polish novelist (Chiopi, Nobel-1924), born in Kobiele Wielkie, Petrokov Governorate, Congress Poland (d. 1925)
  • 1868-12-24 Emanuel Lasker, German world chess champion (1894-21), born in Barlinek, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1869-01-15 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1907)
  • 1869-03-15 Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1869-09-21 Henryk Melcer-Szczawiński, Polish composer (d. 1928)
  • 1869-12-01 Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
  • 1870-01-13 Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/conductor/musicologist (Moniuszko), born in Kraków (d. 1942)
  • 1870-02-13 Leopold Godowsky, Polish pianist and composer (Java Suite, 53 Studies on Chopin's Études) born in Žasliai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania), (d. 1938)
  • 1870-07-18 Emil Młynarski, Polish conductor and composer, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1935)
  • 1870-12-25 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-05-04 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), born in Gołańcz, Poland (d. 1946)
  • 1872-03-19 Anna Held, Polish-born French actress and singer (A Parisian Model), born in Warsaw (d. 1918)
  • 1872-04-01 Tadeusz Joteyko, Polish conductor, composer, and musicologist (Zygmunt August), born in Poczujki, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1872-05-28 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (pioneer of statistical physics), born in Vorder-Brühl, Austria-Hungary (d. 1917)
  • 1873-07-20 Witold Maliszewski, Polish composer (Rector of Odessa Conservatory), born in Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1873-09-28 Wacław Rawicz [Berent], Polish biologist and writer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1873-11-09 Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1874-01-22 Wincenty Witoz, Galicia, Prime Minister of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • 1874-04-08 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising, born in Mieszków, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1960)
  • 1874-05-10 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • 1874-07-25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1874-08-15 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, born in Valkininkai, Lithuania (d. 1958)
  • 1874-12-27 Max Ettinger, Jewish-German composer (Jiddische Requiem), born in Lwow, Poland (d. 1951)
  • 1875-04-04 Jozef Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1956)
  • 1875-11-27 Władysław Orkan [Franciszek Ksawery Smaciarz], Polish author (Nowele Zebrane), born in Poręba Wielka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1930)
  • 1876-01-20 Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
  • 1876-05-27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1876-11-02 Eugeniusz Morawski-Dabrowa, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1876-12-11 Mieczysław Karłowicz, Polish composer, born in Vishnyeva, Belarus (d. 1909)
  • 1877-02-07 Feliks Nowowiejski, Polish organist and composer, born in Wartenburg, East Prussia, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1878-02-06 Waclaw Gieburowski, Polish conductor & composer, born in Bydgoszcz, Poland (d. 1943)
  • 1878-07-22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • 1878-11-14 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • 1878-12-21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish logician and philosopher, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1879-07-03 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1879-07-05 Wanda Landowska, Polish-French harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1959)
  • 1879-10-18 Grzegorz Fitelberg, Polish violinist/conductor/composer, born in Daugavpils, Russian Empire (now Latvia); (d. 1953)
  • 1879-11-27 Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1879-12-24 Stanislav Pylypovych Lyudkevych, Polish composer, born in Jarosław, Poland (d. 1979)
  • 1880-07-03 Carl Schuricht, German conductor and composer, born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1967)
  • 1880-11-01 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • 1880-11-21 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1880-12-03 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in Cüstrin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1881-01-17 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
  • 1881-01-25 Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man), born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1881-02-21 Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
  • 1881-04-18 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in Białystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1881-04-20 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), born in Modlin Fortress, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1881-05-20 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), born in Tuszów Narodowy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1881-05-27 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), born in Crossen/Oder, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia (now in Poland) (d. 1969)
  • 1881-07-05 August Hlond, Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic church, born in Brzęczkowice, German Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1881-08-01 Stanislaw Kazuro, Polish composer, born in Vilnius Region (d. 1961)
  • 1881-10-03 Ludomir Michał Rogowski, Polish composer, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1954)
  • 1881-12-04 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1944)
  • 1881-12-24 Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1955)
  • 1882-01-06 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter, born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1882-01-15 Florian Znaniecki, Polish philosopher & sociologist, born in Świątniki, Poland (d. 1958)
  • 1882-02-14 Ignaz Friedman, Polish pianist & composer, born in Podgórze, Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1882-03-14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)
  • 1882-08-08 Ladislas Starevich, Polish animator (d. 1965)
  • 1882-08-10 Max Kowalski, German pianist, singer, and composer (Pierrot Lunaire), born in Kowal, Russian Empire/Poland (d. 1956)

Person of interestSamuel Goldwyn

1882-08-17 Samuel Goldwyn [Shmuel Gelbfisz], Jewish Polish American movie producer (MGM), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1974)

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1882-12-12 Akiba Rubinstein, Polish chess player (openings theorist), born in Stawiski, Poland (d. 1961)
  • 1883-07-19 Max Fleischer, Polish-American animator and film producer (Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor Man), born in Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1884-01-03 Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • 1884-03-13 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), born in Świecie, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1884-07-23 Albert Warner [Abraham Albert Wonsal], American film producer (Warner Bros. Studio), born in Krasnosielc, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1884-07-23 Apolinary Szeluto, Polish pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1966)
  • 1884-09-18 Ludomir Rozycki, Polish composer and conductor (Meduza, Eros i Psyche), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1884-09-20 Piotr Rytel, Polish composer, born in Vilnius (d. 1970)
  • 1884-10-09 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • 1884-12-06 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1885-01-16 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
  • 1885-01-23 Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, Polish composer and conductor, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1944)
  • 1885-02-24 Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Polish novelist/satirist (Black Wings)
  • 1885-02-24 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
  • 1885-04-15 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general during the Second Polish Republic, born in Kraków, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1885-05-22 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist Party leader, born in Fratta Polesine, Italy (d. 1924)
  • 1885-06-20 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish Indologist and scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1927)
  • 1885-12-06 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (The General), born in Elbląg, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1886-03-30 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Polish logician/mathematician

Person of interestDavid Ben-Gurion

1886-10-16 David Ben-Gurion, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (1948-53, 1955-63), born in Płonsk, Poland (d. 1973)

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1887-01-28 Artur Rubinstein, pianist, born in Łódź, Poland
  • 1887-02-21 Savielly [Xavier] G Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
  • 1887-02-26 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • 1887-03-09 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist, born in Redło, Goleniów County, Poland (d. 1976)
  • 1887-04-05 Hedwig Kohn, Jewish physics pioneer, born in Breslau, Province of Silesia (Poland) (d. 1964)
  • 1887-09-14 Stanley Ketchel [The Michigan Assassin], Polish-American heavyweight boxing champion (1908-10), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1910)
  • 1888-02-20 Marie Rambert, English ballet producer/director/teacher, born in Warsaw, Poland

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 485

  • 1938-09-17 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (b. 1901)
  • 1938-10-05 Saint Faustina, Polish saint (b. 1905)
  • 1938-11-21 Leopold Godowsky, Polish pianist and composer (Java Suite, 53 Studies on Chopin's Études) dies of stomach cancer at 68
  • 1939-01-02 Roman Dmowski, Polish politician, dies at 74
  • 1939-05-29 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, dies of a carcinoma at 74
  • 1939-07-18 Witold Maliszewski, Polish composer, dies at 65
  • 1939-09-18 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1939-09-28 Felicjan Szopski, Polish composer, dies at 74
  • 1940-01-18 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland), dies at 74
  • 1940-11-22 Wacław Rawicz [Berent], Polish biologist and writer, dies at 67

Person of interestIgnacy Jan Paderewski

1941-06-29 Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish statesman and pianist, dies in NY at 80

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1941-07-04 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
  • 1941-07-08 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1941-08-14 Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (b. 1894)
  • 1942-01-21 Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/musicologist/conductor, dies at 72
  • 1942-07-23 Adam Czerniakow, Polish engineer (suicide) (b. 1880)
  • 1942-08-07 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), is gassed at Treblinka extermination camp along with the residents of his orphanage at 64
  • 1942-11-19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50
  • 1942-12-13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1943-03-30 Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • 1943-03-30 Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)
  • 1943-05-11 Szmul Zygielbojm, Jewish-Polish socialist politician (Bund) and activist, commits suicide to protest Allied indifference to the Holocaust during WWII at 48
  • 1943-07-04 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), killed in a plane crash at 62
  • 1943-09-27 Waclaw Gieburowski, Polish composer, dies at 65
  • 1943-10-04 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, dies at 37
  • 1943-10-07 Eugeniusz Bodo [Bohdan Eugène Junod], Polish film director, producer and comedic actor, dies in the Gulag at 43
  • 1943-10-17 Stefan Starzyński, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • 1944-04-09 Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, Polish composer and conductor, dies at 59
  • 1944-08-16 Roman Padlewski, Polish violinist and composer, dies at 28
  • 1945-01-03 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), dies at 68
  • 1945-05-04 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), dies at 64
  • 1946-01-07 Adamo Didur, Polish tenor (b. 1874)
  • 1946-01-18 Feliks Nowowiejski, Polish organist and composer, dies at 68
  • 1946-07-26 Morris Hirshfield, Polish/American painter, dies
  • 1946-09-09 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), dies at 74

BattleHans Frank

1946-10-16 Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg war trials at 46

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • 1947-01-08 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general during the Second Polish Republic, dies at 61
  • 1947-03-28 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (b. 1897)
  • 1947-06-09 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40), dies at 62
  • 1947-07-09 Lucjan Żeligowski, Polish general (b. 1865)
  • 1948-01-26 Ignaz Friedman, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 65

BattleWitold Pilecki

1948-05-25 Witold Pilecki, Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), executed by communist secret police after a show trial at age 47

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1948-10-22 August Hlond, Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic church, dies at 67
  • 1948-10-23 Eugeniusz Morawski-Dabrowa, Polish composer, dies at 71
  • 1949-04-25 Jankel Adler, Polish painter and printmaker, dies at 53
  • 1950-03-01 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1950-04-27 Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, Polish composer, dies at 70
  • 1953-04-29 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La souris boiteuse), dies at 62
  • 1953-06-10 Grzegorz Fitelberg, Polish composer, dies at 73
  • 1953-12-06 Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), dies at 48
  • 1953-12-27 Julian Tuwim, Polish poet and lyricist, dies at 59
  • 1954-03-04 Noel Gay [Reginald Moxon Armitage], British composer (Who's been polishing the Sun), dies at 55
  • 1954-03-14 Ludomir Michał Rogowski, Polish composer, dies at 72
  • 1954-09-09 Alfred Gradstein, Polish composer, dies at 49
  • 1955-11-16 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), dies at 88
  • 1956-02-05 Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player, dies at 74
  • 1956-04-10 Jozef Szulc, Polish composer, dies at 81
  • 1957-05-02 Tadeusz Zygfryd Kassern, Polish composer and cultural attache, dies at 53
  • 1957-05-31 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (b. 1878)
  • 1957-07-10 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), dies at 77
  • 1957-08-18 Wawrzyniec Żuławski, Polish composer, dies at 41
  • 1957-12-02 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, dies at 57
  • 1957-12-26 Artur Malawski, Polish composer, dies at 53
  • 1958-03-23 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76
  • 1958-10-27 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, dies at 84
  • 1958-11-27 Artur Rodzinski, Polish conductor/composer, dies at 66
  • 1959-08-16 Wanda Landowska, Polish-French harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne), dies at 80
  • 1960-03-02 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising, dies at 85
  • 1961-03-14 Akiba Rubinstein, Polish chess player (openings theorist), dies at 78
  • 1961-10-04 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, dies at 80
  • 1961-11-30 Stanislaw Kazuro, Polish composer, dies at 80
  • 1962-08-01 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Niemcy), dies at 62
  • 1963-01-10 Tadeusz Szeligowski, Polish composer (The Peacock and the Girl), dies at 66
  • 1963-03-29 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish author (Stolica), dies at 64
  • 1963-05-12 Stanisław Wiechowicz, Polish composer, dies at 69
  • 1963-10-21 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, dies in a firefight with 35 functionaries of a ZOMO (paramilitary riot police) at 45
  • 1965-01-29 Michael Spisak, Polish composer, dies at 50
  • 1965-04-01 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 92
  • 1965-05-19 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Znaki Zycia), dies
  • 1966-02-15 Gerard Ciołek, Polish architect, dies at 56
  • 1966-07-02 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), dies at 67
  • 1966-08-15 Jan Kiepura, Polish vocalist and actor (Her Wonderful Lie, Give Us this Night), dies of heart attack at 64
  • 1966-08-22 Apolinary Szeluto, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 82
  • 1967-01-08 Zbigniew Cybulski, Polish actor (Ashes and Diamonds), dies at 39
  • 1967-01-29 Włodzimierz Poźniak, Polish composer, dies at 62
  • 1967-05-26 George E Stone, Polish actor (Viva Villa, Last Mile, 5 Star Final, Front Page), dies at 64
  • 1967-08-19 Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography), dies at 60
  • 1967-09-11 Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist, dies at 62
  • 1968-01-15 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physcist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69
  • 1968-08-03 Constantine Rokossovski, vice-premier of Poland (1952-56), dies at 71
  • 1969-01-17 Grazyna Bacewicz, Polish composer and violinist, dies at 59
  • 1969-04-23 Krzysztof Komeda, Polish jazz and film composer and pianist (Rosemary's Baby), dies of head injuries as the result of a fall at 37
  • 1969-07-24 Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author (Ferdydurke, Dziennik), dies at 64
  • 1969-08-09 Wojciech Frykowski, Polish writer (murdered) (b. 1936)
  • 1969-10-21 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), dies at 87
  • 1969-11-10 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, dies at 78
  • 1970-01-02 Piotr Rytel, Polish composer, dies at 85
  • 1970-05-12 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II), dies at 78
  • 1970-05-19 Tadeusz Breza, Polish writer (The Bronze Gate), dies at 64
  • 1970-06-29 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica), dies at 77