Portuguese History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 261

  • 1128-06-24 Afonso I of Portugal defeats army of his mother Theresa
  • 1139-07-25 Count Alfonso I of Portugal proclaimed King
  • 1143-10-05 King Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom
  • 1147-10-25 King Afonso I of Portugal occupiers Lisbon
  • 1227-01-06 Ferrand of Portugal freed from the Louvre
  • 1276-09-08 John XXI [ Peter Juliani] elected Pope, only Portuguese Pope
  • 1325-01-07 Afonso IV succeeds Dionysius as King of Portugal
  • 1340-10-30 Battle of Rio Salado Battle (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula
  • 1373-06-13 Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance (world's oldest extant) signed in London
  • 1383-10-22 The 1383-85 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder begins after King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne
  • 1385-04-06 John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made King John I of Portugal
  • 1385-08-14 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1386-05-09 Treaty of Windsor between Portugal and England (oldest diplomatic alliance in the world still in force)
  • 1479-03-06 Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa
  • 1479-09-04 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile
  • 1484-07-06 Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1488-12-15 Bartolomeu Dias returns to Portugal after becoming 1st known European to sail round the Cape of Good Hope

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1491-05-03 Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I
  • 1493-05-04 Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain and Portugal

Agreement of InterestTreaty of Tordesillas

1494-06-07 Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain and Portugal divide the new world along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa
More >>

  • 1496-12-05 Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497-07-08 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, becoming the 1st European to reach India by sea

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1500-03-09 Pedro Álvares Cabral departs Lisbon, Portugal head of a 13 ship expedition to India

  • 1500-08-10 Portuguese sea captain Diego Diaz is first European to sight Madagascar
  • 1500-09-13 Predro Álvares Cabral and his Portuguese expedition arrive in Calicut, India
  • 1501-01-16 Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral and 6 ships begin their return voyage to Lisbon
  • 1501-07-15 Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral arrives back in Lisbon after successfully discovering Brazil and returning from India
  • 1502-01-01 Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
  • 1502-02-12 Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India
  • 1502-05-21 Portuguese admiral Da Nova discovers St Helena

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1507-10-27 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz on Hormuz Island

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1509-02-03 The Battle of Diu, naval battle at port of Diu, India between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire, establishes Portugese trading control
  • 1510-02-17 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque first conquers the city of Goa, entering it with little conflict
  • 1510-05-30 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque abandon Goa after its former ruler Yusuf Adil Shah, the Muslim King of Bijapur reconquers the city
  • 1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword
  • 1511-07-25 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque first assault the prosperous trading city of Malacca, Malay Peninsula

  • 1511-08-10 Portuguese troops occupy parts of Malacca
  • 1511-08-24 Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.
  • 1515-04-01 Portuguese fleet under Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz, renaming it the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception
  • 1517-08-15 Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519-09-20 Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets off on the 1st successful circumnavigation of the globe (Magellan killed on route)

  • 1520-11-28 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing the Pacific Ocean
  • 1521-03-06 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam
  • 1521-03-17 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines
  • 1521-03-31 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus, Philippines
  • 1521-04-07 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan's fleet reaches Cebu
  • 1522-06-24 Portuguese Antonio de Brita signs treaty island of Ternate Molukkas
  • 1529-04-22 Treaty of Saragosa: Spain and Portugal divide eastern hemisphere
  • 1531-12-17 Pope Clement VII establishes a parallel body to the Inquisition in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1536-05-23 Pope Paul III installs Portuguese inquisition
  • 1541-04-07 Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies
  • 1541-08-18 A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)
  • 1542-02-02 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1542-05-06 Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, then capital of Portuguese India
  • 1542-08-28 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
  • 1543-02-11 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army
  • 1556-04-13 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope
  • 1565-03-01 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1570-02-28 Anti-Portuguese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • 1572-03-12 Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
  • 1578-08-04 Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
  • 1580-06-27 Duke of Alva's army occupies Portugal
  • 1580-08-25 Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1581-03-25 Portuguese Cortes calls Philip II king of Portugal

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1581-04-01 Portuguese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
  • 1581-04-15 Cortes van Thomar accepts Philip II as king of Portugal
  • 1582-10-04 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1590-07-06 English admiral Francis Drake takes Portuguese Forts at Taag

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1605-02-25 Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • 1607-04-25 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish Portuguese fleet
  • 1612-08-29 Battle of Surat, India: English fleet beats Portuguese
  • 1625-05-01 Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
  • 1627-03-03 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn attacks and conquers 22 Portuguese ships in Bay of Salvador, Brazil
  • 1627-06-10 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn attacks Portuguese ships in the Bay of All Saints, Brazil
  • 1640-12-01 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
  • 1640-12-15 Duke of Braganca crowned King Johan IV of Portugal
  • 1641-06-01 France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1653-01-03 The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India
  • 1654-01-26 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1654-07-20 Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
  • 1658-06-23 Dutch troops occupy last Portuguese Fort at Jafnapatnam in Ceylon
  • 1659-01-14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish

AgreementContract of Interest

1661-06-23 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1661-07-03 Portugal gives Tangier and Bombay to English King Charles II
  • 1661-08-06 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal
  • 1663-06-08 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1665-06-06 Battle at Monte Carlo: English and Portuguese armies beat Spain
  • 1665-06-17 Battle of Viciosa (Monte Claros): English & Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1665-10-29 Battle of Mbwila [Ambuila],: Portuguese forces defeat forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King Antonio I of Kongo / Nvita a Nkanga
  • 1667-05-23 King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
  • 1668-02-13 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1675-08-10 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • 1703-05-02 Portugal signs treaty with England to become a Great Covenant
  • 1703-09-12 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1703-12-27 England & Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 242

  • 1109-07-25 Afonso I the Conqueror, King of Portugal (1143-85), born in Guimarães, Portugal (d. 1185)
  • 1154-11-11 Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212)
  • 1185-04-23 Afonso II, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1223)
  • 1188-03-24 Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders/son of Sancho I
  • 1195-08-15 Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (d. 1231)
  • 1207-09-08 Sancho II, King of Portugal (1223-47), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1248)
  • 1210-05-05 Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1261-10-09 Denis of Portugal, King of Portugal (1279-1325), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1291-02-08 Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)
  • 1293-03-08 Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal (1325-57), born in Toro, Zamora (d. 1359)
  • 1320-04-08 Pedro I, King of Portugal (also called "the Just" or "the Cruel"), King of Portugal and of the Algarves (1357-67), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1367)
  • 1320-04-08 King Peter I of Portugal (d. 1367)
  • 1345-10-31 Ferdinand I, King of Portugal (1367-83), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1383)
  • 1357-04-22 Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)
  • 1360-03-31 Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal (d. 1415)
  • 1391-10-30 Eduard, [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38)/author
  • 1392-12-09 Peter, Duke of Coimbra and writer (Virtuosa Benfeitoria), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1449)
  • 1394-03-04 Henry the Navigator, Prince/sponsors Portuguese voyages of discovery
  • 1402-09-29 Ferdinand, the Saint, Portuguese slave of Fez/saint
  • 1432-01-15 Afonso V "the African", king of Portugal (1438-1481)
  • 1432-03-01 Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)
  • 1434-09-18 Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress, born in Torres Vedras, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1467)
  • 1436-11-26 Princess Catherine of Portugal, Portuguese princess of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon and writer, born in Lisbon (d. 1463)
  • 1455-03-03 King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)
  • 1458-05-02 Eleanor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal (1481-95), born in Beja, Portugal (d. 1525)
  • 1469-05-31 Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration

Person of interestFerdinand Magellan

1480-02-03 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, born in Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal (d. 1521)

  • 1482-06-29 Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (1500-17), born in Córdoba, Kingdom of Castile (d. 1517)
  • 1495-03-08 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint, founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God, born in Montemor-o-Novo, Évora, Portugal (d. 1550)
  • 1498-11-15 Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (d. 1558)
  • 1502-02-02 Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)
  • 1502-06-07 John III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1521-57), born in the Palace of Alcáçova, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1557)
  • 1503-10-23 Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1507-01-14 Catherine of Habsburg, Infanta of Spain and queen of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1512-01-31 King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)
  • 1514-05-03 Bartholomaeus a Martyribus, [Fernandez], primate of Portugal
  • 1517-10-18 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (d. 1570)
  • 1524-02-04 Luis de Camões, Portugal's greatest poet (d. 1580)

Person of interestPhilip II

1527-05-21 Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98), born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1598)

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1535-06-24 Joan of Spain, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1573)
  • 1554-01-20 King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1566-12-11 Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese composer, born in Fronteira (d. 1650)
  • 1578-04-14 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)
  • 1589-07-09 John of Saint Thomas [Juan Poinset], Portuguese theologist, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1644)
  • 1590-03-18 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
  • 1604-03-19 Johan IV, composer/king of Portugal (1640-56)
  • 1605-02-01 Isaac Aboab da Fonseca, Portuguese rabbi, scholar and writer, born in Castro Daire, Portugal (d. 1693)
  • 1605-04-08 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65)
  • 1608-02-06 Antonio Vieira, Portuguese Jesuit preacher
  • 1613-10-13 Luisa de Guzmán, Queen of Portugal (1640-56), born in Sanlúcar, Spain (d. 1666)
  • 1638-04-11 Diogo Dias Melgaz, Portuguese composer, born in Cuba, Alentejo, Portugal (d. 1700)
  • 1638-11-25 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguses Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, born in Vila Vicosa, Portugal (d. 1705)
  • 1640-04-22 Mariana Alcoforado, Portuguese nun
  • 1643-08-21 Afonso VI, mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1646-06-21 Maria Francisca of Savoy, Queen consort of Portugal, born in Hôtel de Nemours, Paris, France (d. 1683)
  • 1648-04-26 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706)
  • 1666-08-06 Maria Sofia of the Palatinate, queen of Portugal (d. 1699)
  • 1673-03-19 Pedro Vaz Rego, Portuguese composer and poet, born in Campo Maior, Portugal (d. 1736)
  • 1683-09-07 Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1754)
  • 1689-10-22 King John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
  • 1699-05-13 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (1756-1777), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1782)
  • 1704-06-11 José António Carlos de Seixas, Portuguese composer, born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1742)
  • 1711-12-04 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain,born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1758)
  • 1714-06-06 Joseph, King of Portugal (1750-77), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1777)
  • 1717-07-05 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1786)
  • 1718-03-31 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (d. 1781)
  • 1719-01-03 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1728-01-06 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright/poet
  • 1729-06-05 Cláudio Manuel da Costa, Brazilian poet, born in Mariana, Minas Gerais, Portuguese Colony of Brazil (d. 1789)
  • 1734-12-17 Maria I of Portugal, Portuguese queen (d. 1816)
  • 1741-04-08 Jose B da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai)
  • 1750-10-31 Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet, born in São Jorge de Arroios, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1839)
  • 1752-05-03 Braz Francisco de Lima, Portuguese composer (d. 1813)
  • 1762-03-24 Marcos Antonio da Fonseca, Portuguese opera composer (Portogallo)
  • 1780-12-14 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian diplomat, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1862)
  • 1797-05-19 Maria Isabel of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1818)
  • 1798-10-12 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), born in Queluz Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1834)
  • 1799-02-04 Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret, Portuguese playwright
  • 1802-10-26 Miguel I, King of Portugal (1828-34), born in Palace of Queluz, Sintra, Portugal (d. 1866)

Person of interestElizabeth Barrett Browning

1806-03-06 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet ("Sonnets from the Portuguese"), born in Kelloe, Durham (d. 1861)

  • 1815-06-06 Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto, Portuguese violinist, hornist and composer (Adoração ao Sol), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1860)
  • 1816-10-29 Ferdinand II AFA, king of Portugal
  • 1819-03-26 Francisco Eduardo da Costa, Portuguese composer, born in Lamego, Portugal (d. 1855)
  • 1819-04-04 Queen Maria II of Portugal, Daughter of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, born in Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Kingdom of Brazil (d. 1853)
  • 1830-03-08 João de Deus [Sao Bartolomeu de Messines], Portuguese poet (Flores do Campo), born in Algarve, Portugal (d. 1896)
  • 1837-07-15 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • 1837-09-16 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), born in Lisbon (d. 1861)
  • 1837-09-18 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, born in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal (d. 1880)
  • 1838-10-31 Luís I, King of Portugal (1861-89), born in Necessidades Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1889)
  • 1842-04-18 Antero Tarquinio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice)
  • 1845-11-25 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese novelist, born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900)
  • 1846-03-11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet
  • 1847-02-14 Maria Pia of Savoy, Queen of Portugal, born in Roal Palace, Turin, Sardinia (d. 1911)
  • 1850-07-03 Alfredo Keil, Portuguese composer, born in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1907)
  • 1851-03-28 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1944)
  • 1855-02-25 Cesário Verde, Portuguese poet (d. 1886)
  • 1857-10-29 Conrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal)
  • 1859-10-15 Jaime de Magalhães Lima, Portuguese author and poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro), born in Vera Cruz, Portugal (d. 1936)
  • 1860-05-27 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1861-06-18 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores)

Famous Weddings

  • 1430-01-10 Duke Philip the Good marries Isabella of Portugal

HeartWedding of Interest

1526-03-10 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal, his 1st cousin, in Seville

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1597-11-07 Emilia of Nassau weds Dom Emanuel of Portugal

HeartWedding of Interest

1661-05-25 King Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina of Braganca

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

HeartWedding of Interest

1949-02-22 Future Portuguese President Mário Soares (24) weds actress Maria de Jesus Barroso (24) at the 3rd Conservatory of the Civil Register of Lisbon

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares

HeartWedding of Interest

1992-10-16 Author J. K. Rowling (27) weds Portuguese television journalist Jorge Arantes

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 173

  • 1185-12-06 Afonso I the Conqueror, King of Portugal (1143-85), dies at 76
  • 1212-03-26 Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58
  • 1223-03-25 Afonso II, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), dies at 36
  • 1231-06-13 Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (b. 1195)
  • 1233-07-27 Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders, dies at 45
  • 1248-01-04 Sancho II, King of Portugal (1223-47), dies at 41
  • 1277-05-20 John XXI, [Petrus Juliani/Hispanus], Portuguese Pope (1276-77), dies. (b. 1215)
  • 1279-02-16 Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), dies at 68
  • 1325-01-07 Denis of Portugal, King of Portugal (1279-1325), dies at 63
  • 1336-07-04 Elisabeth van Portugal, queen of Portugal/saint, dies at about 65
  • 1345-11-13 Constance of Penafiel, wife of Pedro I of Portugal (b. 1323)
  • 1355-01-07 Inês de Castro, Galician noblewoman, lover and posthumously-recognized wife of King Peter I of Portugal, is murdered on the orders of King Afonso IV at 29 or 30
  • 1357-05-28 Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57), dies at 66
  • 1367-01-18 Pedro I, King of Portugal (also called "the Just" or "the Cruel"), King of Portugal and of the Algarves (1357-67), dies at 46
  • 1383-10-22 Ferdinand I, the wise, king of Portugal, dies
  • 1415-07-19 Philippa of Lancaster, wife of John I of Portugal (plague) (b. 1359)
  • 1433-08-14 Johan I, king of Portugal (1383-1433), dies at 76
  • 1438-09-09 Eduard [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38)/writer, dies
  • 1443-06-05 Ferdinand, Portuguese saint/slave to Fez, dies
  • 1460-11-13 Henry the Navigator, prince of Portugal, dies at 66
  • 1463-06-17 Princess Catherine of Portugal, Portuguese princess of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon and writer, dies at 26
  • 1467-09-03 Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress, dies at 32
  • 1471-12-17 Isabella of Portugal, duchess of Burgundy, dies
  • 1481-08-28 Afonso V, King of Portugal, dies
  • 1495-10-25 John II, the Perfect/Consummate, King of Portugal (1481-95), dies

Person of interestBartolomeu Dias

1500-05-29 Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer (1st European to round Cape of Good Hope), drowns at 48 or 49

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1510-03-01 Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier, explorer and 1st Viceroy of India dies at Table Bay, Africa at about 59

Person of interestAfonso de Albuquerque

1515-12-15 Afonso de Albuquerque, Portuguese admiral, Duke of Goa and Viceroy of Portuguese India, dies at sea in sight of Goa at around 62

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1517-03-07 Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (1500-17), dies at 34

Person of interestFerdinand Magellan

1521-04-27 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed by Filipino natives at 50 while on voyage to circumnavigate the world

  • 1521-12-13 Manoel I "the Great", King of Portugal (1495-1521), dies at 52

Person of interestVasco da Gama

1524-12-24 Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer and viceroy of Cochin, dies at about 55

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama
  • 1525-11-17 Eleanor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal (1481-95), dies at 67
  • 1526-02-23 Diego Columbus, Portuguese navigator, son of Christopher Columbus, and 2nd Viceroy of the Indies (1511-1526), dies at 45
  • 1539-03-05 Nuno da Cunha, Portuguese governor in India (b. 1487)
  • 1539-05-01 Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)
  • 1542-08-29 Cristovão da Gama, Portuguese soldier (born c. 1516)

Person of interestJuan Rodríguez Cabrillo

1543-01-03 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Portuguese-Spanish conquistador who conquered Central America and later discovered California, dies of gangrene at around 43

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
  • 1545-07-12 Maria Manuela van Portugal, niece of Spanish king Philip II, dies
  • 1548-06-06 Juan de Castro, Portuguese explorer (b. 1500)
  • 1555-06-23 Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • 1557-06-11 John III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1521-57), dies at 55
  • 1558-02-25 Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (b. 1498)
  • 1570-10-18 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (b. 1517)
  • 1570-10-20 João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
  • 1572-03-02 Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
  • 1573-09-09 Andre de Resende, Portuguese dominican/humanist, dies
  • 1574-01-30 Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
  • 1578-08-04 Sebastiaan, King of Portugal (1557-78), dies in battle at about 24
  • 1580-01-31 Henry, King of Portugal, Cardinal, Epilepticus and Regent. Reigned 1578-80 (b. 1512)
  • 1580-06-10 Luis Vaz de Camoes, Portugal's national poet (Os Lusiados), dies
  • 1580-08-20 Jeronymo Osorio, Portuguese historian (b. 1506)
  • 1590-07-16 Bartholomaeus a Martyribus, [Fernandez], pontiff of Portugal, dies
  • 1595-08-26 Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
  • 1605-09-24 Manuel Mendes, Portuguese composer (bc. 1547)
  • 1616-12-10 Diogo do Couto, Portuguese historian/archivist of Goa, dies at 74
  • 1644-06-16 John of Saint Thomas [Juan Poinset], Portuguese theologist, dies at 54
  • 1646-09-24 Duarte Lobo, Portuguese composer (bc. 1565)
  • 1649-06-03 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
  • 1651-12-18 Francisco the Melo, Portuguese/Spanish earl of Assumar, dies at 54
  • 1656-11-06 Johan IV, duke of Braganca/king of Portugal (1640-56), dies at 52
  • 1666-02-27 Luisa de Guzmán, Queen of Portugal (1640-56), dies at 52
  • 1666-08-24 Francisco M the Melo, Portuguese author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • 1678-01-29 Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • 1683-09-12 Afonso VI, mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • 1700-03-10 Diogo Dias Melgaz, Portuguese composer, dies at 61
  • 1705-11-30 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, dies at 67
  • 1706-12-09 Pedro II, king of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
  • 1723-07-28 Mariana Alcoforado, nun (schreef no Lettres Portuguese), dies at 63
  • 1724-11-18 Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
  • 1736-04-08 Pedro Vaz Rego, Portuguese composer, dies at 63
  • 1736-12-10 António Manoel de Vilhena, Portuguese ruler of Malta (b. 1663)
  • 1742-08-25 José António Carlos de Seixas, Portuguese composer, dies at 38
  • 1750-07-31 Johan V, King of Portugal, dies
  • 1754-08-14 Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal, dies at 70
  • 1758-08-27 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain, dies at 46
  • 1759-01-03 Marquis & Marquess of Tavora, Portuguese nobles, executed
  • 1770-08-26 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright/poet, dies at 42
  • 1772-11-10 Pedro Antonio Joaquim Correa da Serra Garção, Portuguese poet (b. 1724)
  • 1773-07-05 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
  • 1777-02-24 Joseph, King of Portugal (1750-77), dies at 62
  • 1781-01-15 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (b. 1718)
  • 1782-05-08 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (1756-1777), dies at 82
  • 1786-05-25 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, dies at 68
  • 1795-07-31 Jose B da Gama, Portuguese poet (East Uraguay), dies at 54
  • 1799-10-05 Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68
  • 1826-03-10 Johan VI M L J, King of Portugal (1816-26), dies at 56
  • 1830-01-07 Infanta Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain and wife of John VI of Portugal, dies at 53
  • 1830-02-07 Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal, Portuguese composer, dies at 67
  • 1834-09-24 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), dies at 35
  • 1839-10-11 Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • 1853-11-15 Queen Maria II of Portugal, Daughter of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, dies at 34
  • 1854-12-09 Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
  • 1855-08-27 Francisco Eduardo da Costa, Portuguese composer, dies at 36
  • 1860-01-30 Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto, Portugese violinist, hornist and composer (Adoração ao Sol), dies at 44
  • 1861-11-11 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), dies at 24
  • 1866-11-14 Miguel I, King of Portugal (1828-34), dies at 64
  • 1880-11-28 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, dies at 43
  • 1886-06-11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet, dies at 40
  • 1886-08-22 Jose da Silva Mendes Leal, Portuguese author (Indiana), dies at 67