History of the Roman Empire (Part 2)

Historical Events

Roman Empire

0335-10-21 Roman Emperor Constantine the Great rules that Jews are not allowed to purchase and circumcise Christian slaves

  • 0350-01-18 Roman Emperor Constans is deposed by General Magnentius who proclaims himself the new Emperor
  • 0350-06-03 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
  • 0350-06-30 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome
  • 0351-03-15 Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
  • 0354-10-10 Roman Emperor Constantius gives grand circus and theater shows to mark 30th year of his reign as Caesar in Arles
  • 0355-08-11 Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 0363-03-05 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death
  • 0363-05-29 Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city
  • 0363-06-26 Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield.
  • 0364-02-26 Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor
  • 0364-02-28 Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor (rules till 375)
  • 0364-03-28 Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor
  • 0365-09-28 Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 0366-01-02 The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire
  • 0378-08-09 Battle of Adrianople: Goth army defeats Roman forces under Emperor Valens
  • 0380-11-24 Theodosius I makes his adventus, or first formal entry, into Constantinople
  • 0385-02-11 Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope
  • 0390-12-25 Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica
  • 0392-08-22 Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor.
  • 0392-11-08 Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion the state religion
  • 0393-01-23 Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor

Victory in Battle

0402-04-06 Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten

Alaric I Sacks Rome

0410-08-24 Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire

  • 0415-10-17 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 0418-03-10 Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
  • 0421-02-08 Flavius Constantine becomes Co-Emperor as Emperor Constantius III of the Western Roman Empire with Honorius
  • 0425-10-23 Valentinian III is elevated to Roman Emperor, at the age of 6

Victory in Battle

0451-06-20 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France, alting Hun invasion of Roman Gaul (exact date disputed)

  • 0455-03-17 Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
  • 0455-06-02 King Gaiseric and the Vandals sack Rome - Rome looted for 14 days
  • 0455-07-09 Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 0456-10-16 Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Roman Empire.
  • 0467-04-12 Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 0475-08-28 Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna

End of the Western Roman Empire

0476-09-04 Romulus Augustulus, last Western Roman Emperor, abdicates after forces led by Odoacer invade Rome. Traditional end of the Western Roman Empire.

  • 0536-12-09 Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire
  • 0537-03-11 Goths lay siege to Rome
  • 0538-03-12 Witiges, King of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of victorious Byzantine General Belisarius
  • 0546-12-17 Gothic War (535-554): The Ostrogoths of King Totila conquer Rome by bribing the Byzantine garrison.
  • 0550-01-16 Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison
  • 0609-05-13 Pope Boniface I turns the Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church
  • 1054-07-16 Beginning of the Great Schism between Western and Eastern churches when Roman Cardinal Humbert issues bull of excommunication against Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, on the altar of the Hagia Sophia, Constantinople
  • 1553-09-09 The Roman Inquisition burns all copies of the Talmud and other Jewish texts in Rome's Campo de Fiori

Roman Empire

1764-10-15 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

  • 1776-02-17 1st volume of Edward Gibbon's seminal work "The Decline and Fall of Roman Empire" published
  • 2021-03-16 Israeli researchers reveal re-discovery of 2,000 year-old Dead Sea Scrolls, 1st found in 60 years, left by Jews fleeing Romans in "Horror Cave", Israel

Famous Birthdays

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • 0455-03-16 Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (425-55), assassinated at 35
  • 0455-05-31 Petronius Maximus, Roman senator, Emperor of Rome (455), lynched by an angry mob trying to escape Rome at 58 or 59
  • 0461-08-07 Majorian, Roman Emperor (assassinated) (b. 420)
  • 0472-07-11 Anthemius, Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 0472-08-19 Ricimer, Germanic Roman general (kingmaker in the Western Roman Empire), dies
  • 0530-10-14 Dioscorus, deacon of the Alexandrian and the Roman church and a posthumous antiPope (530), dies
  • 0536-04-22 St. Agapetus I, Bishop of Rome (535-36), dies at 46
  • 0604-03-12 Pope Gregory I, Roman noble, monk, clergyman (Bishop of Rome; Pope, 590–604), and saint dies at 64

Edward Gibbon

1794-01-16 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56