Romanian History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1716-10-13 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI's troops occupy Temesvar in Romania

  • 1862-01-24 Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.
  • 1862-06-20 Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated
  • 1863-12-15 Romania's mountain railway, from Anina to Oravita, opens
  • 1864-12-04 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practise law
  • 1870-08-08 The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1877-05-09 Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day becomes the Independence Day of Romania.

Historic Event

1882-05-15 May Laws-Tsar Alexander III bans Jews from living in rural Romania

  • 1883-10-30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1895-10-01 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • 1897-12-12 Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1902-09-17 US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • 1905-07-08 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1906-03-03 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traian Vuia tested in France
  • 1907-03-31 Romanian Army puts down Moldavian farmers' revolt
  • 1910-04-01 Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
  • 1913-07-10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • 1916-08-27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1916-08-28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916-09-01 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • 1917-01-13 Train at Ciurea station in Romania catches fire and explodes, between 800-1,000 die, making it the third worst rail accident in history
  • 1917-08-06 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins
  • 1918-03-27 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • 1918-10-31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet
  • 1918-11-28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • 1919-01-11 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • 1919-08-04 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army
  • 1919-08-06 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-10-31 Romania annexes Bessarabia
  • 1926-09-16 Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
  • 1928-05-01 6 children die and 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
  • 1929-02-09 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
  • 1929-07-07 Romania & Vatican sign concord
  • 1933-12-09 Romania prohibits fascist Iron Guard
  • 1934-02-09 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • 1934-06-10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1937-12-28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • 1938-02-10 King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga
  • 1938-11-30 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • 1939-09-17 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • 1939-09-18 Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania
  • 1940-06-27 Soviet Army attacks Romania
  • 1940-06-28 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1940-09-06 Crown prince Michael succeeds Carol II as king of Romania
  • 1940-09-07 Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria
  • 1940-10-08 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1940-11-20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1940-11-23 Romania signs Tripartite Pact
  • 1941-01-09 6,000 Jews murdered in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1941-01-22 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • 1941-02-20 Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
  • 1941-06-19 Romania orders Jewish evacuation of Darabani
  • 1941-06-28 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941-08-07 551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania

Germany Invades the Soviet Union

1941-08-19 Romania annexes the Transnistria territory from the Soviet Union after Operation Barbarossa

Historic Siege

1941-10-16 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia during the Siege of Odessa, part of the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union

  • 1942-06-05 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • 1942-11-23 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders
  • 1944-04-02 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • 1944-08-23 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • 1944-08-30 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • 1944-08-31 Soviet & Romanian troops march into Bucharest
  • 1944-12-07 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • 1945-03-02 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • 1945-03-12 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • 1947-07-28 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • 1947-12-30 King Michael of Romania, forced by Communists abdicates his throne, sending him into exlie
  • 1947-12-30 Romanian republic proclaimed
  • 1951-09-17 Romanian bishop A. Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
  • 1952-06-03 Romanian communist leader Petru Groza chosen as President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly

Olympic Gold

1952-08-02 17 year-old future world champion Floyd Patterson wins the gold medal in the middleweight division at the Helsinki Olympic Games with a 1st round KO of Romanian Vasile Tita

  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1955-10-02 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • 1956-12-01 Romanian canoeist Leon Rotman wins the men's C-1,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; claims the singles double after also winning the C-1 10,000m gold
  • 1958-02-05 Clifton R Wharton confirmed as 1st US African American foreign minister (to Romania)
  • 1965-03-19 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania

Election of Interest

1965-03-22 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party

  • 1965-08-21 Romania adopts constitution
  • 1967-12-09 Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President of Romania (overthrown in 1989)
  • 1968-08-15 Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu visits Prague
  • 1968-10-14 Viorica Viscopoleanu of Romania sets world record 6.82m to win the women's long jump at the Mexico City Olympics; beats Sheila Sherwood of Great Britain by 0.14m

Historic Event

1969-08-02 US President Richard Nixon visits Romania

Davis Cup

1969-09-20 58th Davis Cup: American pair Bob Lutz & Stan Smith clinch final 8-6, 6-1, 11-9 over Ilie Năstase & Ion Țiriac of Romania in Cleveland, OH; ends 5-0

  • 1971-06-06 French Open Men's Tennis: Defending champion Jan Kodeš of Czechoslovakia beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 8-6, 6-2, 2-6, 7-5
  • 1971-10-11 60th Davis Cup: USA beats Romania in Charlotte (3-2)
  • 1971-12-12 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase finishes ATP Masters Grand Prix with a perfect 6-0 record to win the rich season ending event at the Coubertin Stadium, Paris
  • 1972-07-09 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Stan Smith beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 4-6, 6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 7-5 for his only Wimbledon title
  • 1972-09-08 East German Annelie Ehrhardt with a world record 12.59 takes the 100m hurdles gold medal at the Munich Olympics; beats Romanian Valeria Bufanu by just 0.25
  • 1972-09-10 Cuban boxer Teófilo Stevenson wins first of 3 consecutive Olympic heavyweight gold medals when Munich Games opponent Ion Alexe of Romania withdraws from the final because of a broken thumb
  • 1972-09-10 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Ilie Năstase of Romania beats Arthur Ashe 3-6, 6-3, 6-7, 6-3, 6-3 for his first Grand Slam title
  • 1972-10-15 61st Davis Cup: USA beats Romania in Bucharest (3-2)
  • 1972-12-02 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase successfully defends his ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6–3, 6–2, 3–6, 2–6, 6–3 win over American Stan Smith in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1973-06-03 French Open Men's Tennis: Ilie Năstase of Romania wins his second Grand Slam singles title, besting Croat player Niki Pilić of Yugoslavia, 6-3, 6-3, 6-0
  • 1973-12-08 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase wins his 3rd consecutive season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6–3, 7–5, 4–6, 6–3 win over Dutchman Tom Okker in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1974-03-26 Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president
  • 1975-12-07 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase wins his 4th season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 rout of Björn Borg of Sweden in Stockholm

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

1976-07-03 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sweden's Björn Borg beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 6-4, 6-2, 9-7 for the first of 5 straight Wimbledon titles

French Open Women's Tennis

1977-06-04 French Open Women's Tennis: Mima Jaušovec of Yugoslavia wins her lone Grand Slam singles title; beats Florența Mihai of Romania 6-2, 6-7, 6-1


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 256

Vlad the Impaler

1431-11-08 Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince, born in Sighișoara, Transylvania, Romania (d. 1476)

  • 1673-10-26 Dimitrie Cantemir, Romanian historian and Monarch of Moldova (1710-11), born in Silişteni, Moldavia (d. 1723)
  • 1788-03-01 Gheorghe Asachi, Romania, writer/humanist/politician
  • 1802-01-06 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian writer (Gramatica), born in Târgoviște, Romania (d. 1872)
  • 1802-08-13 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), born in Lenauheim, Banat, Romania (d. 1850)
  • 1808-07-21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • 1819-09-06 Nicolae Filimon, Romanian writer and critic (Ciocoii Vechi Si Noi), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1865)
  • 1820-03-20 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Wallachia/Romania
  • 1821-06-02 Ion Bratianu, (Lib), premier of Romania (1876-88)
  • 1821-07-21 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, born in Bacau, Moldova (d. 1890)
  • 1823-12-23 Alexandru Flechtenmacher, Romanian composer, born in Iaşi, Romania (d. 1898)
  • 1830-05-28 Carl Filtsch, Transylvanian child piano prodigy, and composer, born in Mühlbach (Sebeș), Romania (d. 1845)
  • 1837-03-01 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • 1839-04-20 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1841-06-03 Eduardo Caudella, Romanian composer, born in Iași, Moldavia (d. 1924)
  • 1843-12-13 George Stephănescu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1925)
  • 1843-12-29 Elisabeth of Wied [pseudonym Carmen Sylva], Queen consort of Romania and poet, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1847-03-19 Constantin Dimitrescu, Romanian composer (Dans ţănănesc), born in Blejoi, Romania (d. 1928)
  • 1847-03-23 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
  • 1847-10-10 Gheorghe Dima, Romanian composer, born in Șcheii Brașovului, Romania (d. 1925)
  • 1850-01-15 Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis), born in Botoșani, Romania (d. 1889)
  • 1852-01-29 Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian actor and playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa), born in Haimanalele, Ploiesti, Romania (d. 1912)
  • 1853-10-14 Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer, born in Șipotele Sucevei, Duchy of Bukovina, Austrian Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1854-03-14 Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer, born in Bucharest (d. 1920)
  • 1854-07-04 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1854-08-22 Milan I, King of Serbia, born in Mărășești, Romania (d. 1901)
  • 1857-07-29 Iacob Mureșianu, Romanian composer, born in Brașov, Austrian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1859-12-25 Raoul Gunsbourg, French composer, impresario and opera director (Opéra de Monte-Carlo, 1892-1951), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1955)
  • 1863-12-17 Ion Vidu, Romanian composer and conductor, born in Mânerău, Arad district (d. 1931)
  • 1865-08-24 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • 1868-07-20 Miron Cristea, 1st Patriarch of All Romania (d. 1939)
  • 1871-06-17 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, born in Botoșani, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1940)
  • 1871-09-12 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, born in Arad, Romania (d. 1959)
  • 1873-01-08 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • 1875-10-11 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), born in Brașov, Romania (d. 1913)
  • 1875-10-29 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1938)
  • 1876-02-19 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • 1880-05-21 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1881-08-19 George Enesco, Romanian violinist, conductor, and composer (Romanian Dances), born in Liveni, Dorohoi, Romania (d. 1955)
  • 1881-10-13 George Bacovia [Vasiliu], Romanian poet and composer (Plumb), born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1957)
  • 1882-02-11 Gheorghe Cucu, Romanian composer, born in Puiești, Romania (d. 1932)
  • 1882-03-04 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • 1882-06-14 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician (1940-1944), born in Argeș County, Romania (d. 1946)
  • 1883-03-17 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1883-07-14 Alexandru Zirra, Romanian composer (On the Plain of Moldova), and pedagogue (Treaty of Harmony), born in Roman, Romania (d. 1946)
  • 1884-08-10 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • 1884-12-07 Petru Groza, Austro-Hungarian born Romanian communist and President of Romania (1945-58), born in Băcia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1885-04-05 Dimitrie Cuclin, Romanian composer, born in Galați County, Romania (d. 1978)
  • 1886-01-28 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • 1886-02-20 Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
  • 1886-06-07 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1972)
  • 1886-11-02 Gheorge Tatarescu, Romanian politician (Prime Minister, 1933-37 and 1939-40; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1945-48), born in Târgu Jiu, Romania (d. 1957)
  • 1887-09-12 George Georgescu, Romanian conductor and composer, born in Sulina, Romania (d. 1964)
  • 1888-08-20 George Sklavos, Greek composer, born in Brailov, Romania (d. 1976)
  • 1888-12-03 Ion Nonna Otescu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1940)
  • 1889-04-03 Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian violin virtuoso and composer, born in Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1949)
  • 1890-10-01 Constantin C. Nottara, Romanian composer (d. 1951)
  • 1891-03-31 Ion Pillat, Romaniams poet/senator (Umbra timpului)
  • 1891-08-02 Mihail Jora, Romanian composer, born in Roman, Romania (d. 1971)
  • 1892-01-30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian Minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1957)
  • 1893-02-13 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • 1893-06-04 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania, born in Piteşti, Romania (d. 1939)
  • 1893-06-06 Ludovic Feldman, Romanian composer, born in Galați, Romania (d. 1987)
  • 1893-08-14 Alfred Alessandrescu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest (d. 1959)
  • 1893-10-15 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1893-12-12 Edward G. Robinson [Goldenberg], Romanian actor (Double Indemnity, The Stranger, The Ten Commandments), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1973)
  • 1894-03-26 Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian operatic soprano, the favorite of Richard Strauss, born in Czernowitz, Duchy of Bukovina, Austrian Empire (now Chernivtsi, Ukraine) (d. 1985)
  • 1894-05-06 Filip Lazar, Romanian composer, born in Craiova (d. 1936)
  • 1894-06-06 Sabin Drăgoi, Romanian composer, born in Seliște, Romania (d. 1968)
  • 1894-12-22 Mihail Andricu, Romanian pianist, composer, violinist, and music professor (Bucharest Conservatory, 1926-59), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1974)
  • 1895-01-07 Clara Haskil, Romanian pianist, born in Bucharest (d. 1960)
  • 1895-05-09 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Dogmatic Aeon), born in Lámkerék, Szeben County, Austria-Hungary (d. 1961)
  • 1895-09-15 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)
  • 1896-04-04 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), born in Moinești, Romania (d. 1963)
  • 1896-04-29 Jacques Wolfe, Romanian-American composer, born in Botoşani, Romania (d. 1973)
  • 1896-05-02 Helen of Greece and Denmark, Queen Mother of Romania, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1982)
  • 1897-12-06 Oscar Walter Cisek, Romanian writer and diplomat, born in Bucharest (d. 1966)
  • 1898-11-14 Benjamin Fondane, Romanian-French writer and filmmaker (d. 1944)
  • 1899-06-19 George Călinescu, Romanian literature (Enigma Otilei), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1965)
  • 1899-09-13 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), born in Huși, Vaslui County, Romania (d. 1938)
  • 1900-01-06 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Gotha, German Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1900-02-26 Jean Negulesco, Romanian-American film director (How to Marry a Millionaire), born in Craiova, Dolj (d. 1993)
  • 1900-10-08 Zeno Vancea, Romanian composer, born in Bocsa, Romania (d. 1990)
  • 1900-11-04 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • 1900-12-13 Jonel Perlea, Romanian opera conductor, born in Ograda, Romania (d. 1970)
  • 1901-04-11 Theodor Rogalski, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1954)
  • 1901-11-08 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), born in Bârlad, Romania (d. 1965)
  • 1902-09-22 John Houseman, Romanian actor (The Paper Chase, Rollerball, The Fog), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1988)
  • 1903-11-04 Ion Vasilescu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1960)
  • 1904-04-10 Nick Stuart, Romanian-born American bandleader and actor (Secrets of Chinatown), born in Abrudbánya, Alsó-Fehér County, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • 1904-04-23 Duncan Renaldo, Spanish actor (The Cisco Kid, The Gay Amigo), born in Oancea, Romania (d. 1980)

Johnny Weissmuller

1904-06-02 (Johann) Johnny Weissmuller, Romanian-American actor (Tarzan) and swimmer (5 Olympic gold 1924, 28), born in Freidorf, Austria-Hungary (now Romania) (d. 1984)

  • 1904-12-24 Joseph Moses Juran, Romanian-born American industrial engineer and philanthropist, born in Brăila, Romania (d. 2008)
  • 1906-09-07 Philip Herschkowitz, Romanian composer, born in Iași, Romania (d. 1989)
  • 1907-03-13 Mircea Eliade, Romanian religious historian (Le Yoga) and author, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1986) [O.S. 02-28]
  • 1908-05-17 Sigismund Toduţă, Romanian composer, born in Simeria, Romania (d. 1991)
  • 1908-08-08 Chivu Stoica, premier of Romania (1955-61)
  • 1909-11-26 Eugene Ionesco, Romanian-French playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), born in Slatina, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1910-02-17 Alfred Mendelsohn, Romanian composer, and conductor (Romanian National Opera, 1944-63), and teacher, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1966)
  • 1910-06-22 Wilhelm Demian, Romanian composer and conductor, born in Braşov, Transylvania, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1994)

Famous Weddings

Björn Borg

1980-07-24 Tennis star Björn Borg (24) weds tennis player Mariana Simionescu (23) in Bucharest, Romania

Nadia Comăneci

1996-04-27 Romanian gymnast and 5-time Olympic gold medalist Nadia Comăneci (35) weds American gymnast Bart Conner (38) in Bucharest, Romania


Famous Deaths

  • 0855-09-29 Lotharius I, Romanian-French emperor (signed Treaty of Verdun), dies
  • 1347-10-11 Louis IV, Duke of Bayern/Romania-Germany King/emperor, dies
  • 1601-08-19 Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia and Moldovia (Romanian national hero), assassinated at 42 or 43
  • 1693-12-13 Dodoftei, Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia/writer (Saint Lives), dies
  • 1723-08-21 Dimitrie Cantemir, Romanian historian and Monarch of Moldova (1710-11), dies at 49
  • 1821-06-07 Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
  • 1864-05-28 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and liberal politician, dies at 55
  • 1868-08-25 Costache Negruzzi, Romanian author/poet, dies at about 60
  • 1869-11-12 Gheorghe Asachi, Moldovia Romanian polyglot, author, humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), dies at 81
  • 1872-04-27 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician & author, dies at 70
  • 1873-05-15 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Romania, dies at 53
  • 1883-06-06 Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer, dies at 29
  • 1889-06-15 Mihail Eminesco, Romanian poet (Luceafarul), dies at 39
  • 1889-12-31 Ion Creanga, Romanian (fairy tales) author, dies at 52
  • 1890-08-22 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, dies at 69
  • 1891-05-16 Ion Brătianu, Romanian statesman (b. 1821)
  • 1902-09-02 Iosif Ivanovici, Romanian military band leader and composer (Waves of the Danube), dies (b. 1845)
  • 1903-09-19 Sydir Vorobkevych, Ukrainian composer, poet, newspaper editor, and Orthodox priest, dies at 67
  • 1903-12-20 Gavriil Musicescu, Romanian composer of choral music, conductor, and musicologist, dies at 56
  • 1908-12-23 Eduard Wachmann, Romanian composer, dies at 72
  • 1912-06-09 Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian actor and playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa), dies at 60
  • 1913-06-21 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
  • 1914-10-10 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies at 75
  • 1914-10-10 Karol I, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies
  • 1916-03-02 Elisabeth OL [Carmen Sylva], Queen of Romania, dies at 72
  • 1916-06-28 Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
  • 1917-06-06 Iacob Mureșianu, Romanian composer, dies at 59
  • 1918-05-09 George Coşbuc, Romanian poet, dies at 51
  • 1920-02-27 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romanian historian, dies at 72
  • 1923-11-23 Urmuz [Demetru Dem. Demetrescu-Buzău], Romanian writer (Bizarre Pages), commits suicide at 40
  • 1924-04-15 Eduardo Caudella, Romanian opera composer, dies at 82
  • 1925-04-25 George Stephănescu, Romanian composer, dies at 81
  • 1925-06-04 Gheorghe Dima, Romanian composer, dies at 77
  • 1925-08-17 Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer of Romanian origin (b. 1848)
  • 1926-10-19 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, dies at 72
  • 1927-07-20 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), dies at 61
  • 1928-01-08 Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu, Romanian composer, dies at 61
  • 1928-05-09 Constantin Dimitrescu, Romanian composer (Dans ţănănesc), dies at 81
  • 1931-02-07 Ion Vidu, Romanian composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • 1932-08-24 Gheorghe Cucu, Romanian composer, dies at 50
  • 1933-12-29 Joh Georghe Duca, premier of Romania, murdered
  • 1935-04-18 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer, dies at 50
  • 1936-01-17 Mateiu Caragiale, Romanian author (b. 1885)
  • 1936-11-03 Filip Lazar, Romanian composer, dies at 42
  • 1938-07-18 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), dies at 62
  • 1938-10-02 Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1938-11-30 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), dies at 39
  • 1939-09-21 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania, assassinated by the iron guard at 46
  • 1940-03-25 Ion Nonna Otescu, Romanian composer, dies at 51
  • 1940-11-28 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, murdered by fascist at 69
  • 1944-09-02 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • 1945-04-17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet and senator (Umbra timpului), dies at 54
  • 1946-03-26 Alexandru Zirra, Romanian composer, dies at 62
  • 1946-06-01 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician, is executed after having been convicted of war crimes
  • 1949-03-28 Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian violin virtuoso and composer, dies at 59
  • 1950-12-02 Constantin "Dinu" Lipatti, Romanian classical pianist and composer, dies of Hodgkins disease complications at 33
  • 1951-01-19 Constantin C. Nottara, Romanian composer, dies at 60
  • 1953-04-04 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), dies at 59
  • 1954-02-02 Theodor Rogalski, Romanian composer, dies at 52
  • 1954-04-17 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, dies at 53
  • 1955-05-04 George Enesco, Romanian violinist, conductor, and composer (Romanian Dances), dies at 73
  • 1957-01-19 József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • 1957-01-30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian minister of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65
  • 1957-03-16 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor, dies at 81
  • 1957-03-28 Gheorge Tatarescu, Romanian politician (Prime Minister. 1933-37 and 1939-40; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1945-48), dies at 70
  • 1957-05-29 George Bacovia [Vasiliu], Romanian poet and composer (Plumb), dies at 75
  • 1958-01-07 Petru Groza, Austro-Hungarian born Romanian communist and President of Romania (1945-58), dies at 74
  • 1959-02-18 Alfred Alessandrescu, Romanian composer, dies at 65
  • 1959-10-10 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, dies at 88
  • 1960-06-14 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romanian Foreign Minister (1945-52), dies at 67
  • 1960-12-01 Ion Vasilescu, Romanian composer, dies at 57
  • 1961-04-04 Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
  • 1961-05-06 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
  • 1961-06-22 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), dies at 61
  • 1963-06-22 Maria Tănase, Romanian singer of traditional and popular music (b. 1913)
  • 1963-12-25 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), dies at 67
  • 1964-09-01 George Georgescu, Romanian conductor and composer, dies at 76
  • 1965-02-19 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), dies at 63
  • 1965-03-13 George Călinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
  • 1966-05-09 Alfred Mendelsohn, Romanian composer, and conductor (Romanian National Opera, 1944-63), and teacher, dies at 56
  • 1967-07-14 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968-12-31 Sabin Drăgoi, Romanian composer, dies at 74
  • 1970-04-26 Paul Celan, Romanian-born writer, dies at 49
  • 1970-07-29 Jonel Perlea, Romanian opera conductor, dies at 69
  • 1970-10-08 Lucien Goldmann, Romanian-French sociologist and philosopher, dies at 57
  • 1971-05-10 Mihail Jora, Romanian composer, dies at 79
  • 1972-11-25 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer, dies at 86
  • 1973-01-26 Edward G. Robinson [Goldenberg], Romanian actor (Double Indemnity, The Stranger, The Ten Commandments), dies at 79
  • 1973-04-07 Nick Stuart, Romanian-born American bandleader and actor (Secrets of Chinatown), dies of cancer at 69
  • 1973-06-22 Jacques Wolfe, Romanian-American composer, dies at 77
  • 1973-07-13 Marțian Negrea, Romanian conductor, composer (The Glacier from Scărișoara), and teacher, dies at 80
  • 1973-11-28 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (b. 1886)
  • 1974-03-04 Mihail Andricu, Romanian pianist, composer, violinist, and music professor (Bucharest Conservatory, 1926-59), dies at 79
  • 1975-02-18 Chivu Stoica [Stoica Chivu], premier of Romania (1955-61), dies at 66
  • 1977-03-04 Toma Caragiu, Romanian actor (b. 1925)
  • 1977-06-29 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)
  • 1980-07-29 Jan Tausinger, Romanian-Czech violist and composer, dies at 58
  • 1981-06-11 Albert Markos, Romanian composer (Torso I), dies at 66
  • 1982-11-28 Helen of Greece and Denmark, Queen Mother of Romania, dies at 86
  • 1983-12-13 Nichita Stanescu, Romanian poet (b. 1933