Romanian History (Part 2)

Historical Events


Sport awardFrench Open Women's Tennis

1980-06-07 French Open Women's Tennis: Chris Evert retains title; beats Virginia Ruzici of Romania 6-0, 6-3 for her 10th Grand Slam singles crown

Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
Tennis Player and French Open Champion Virginia Ruzici
Tennis Player and French Open Champion
Virginia Ruzici
  • 1981-05-15 Soyuz 40 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Romanian) to Salyut 6
  • 1984-08-05 The rowing competition at the LA Olympics concludes with Romania dominant in the women's section winning 5 of 6 gold medals; US wins the eights from Romania
  • 1984-08-10 Famous Mary Decker-Zola Budd collision during 3,000m at the LA Olympics; Decker falls, Budd finishes 7th; Maricica Puică of Romania wins
  • 1986-07-11 Maricica Puica of Romania runs 2,000 m in 5:28.69 (record for women)
  • 1988-09-25 Romanian gymnast Daniela Silivaș wins 3 gold medals in one day at the Seoul Olympics; balance beam, floor exercise & uneven bars events; records record equalling 7 perfect scores of 10
  • 1989-11-11 Romanian students protest in Bucharest before the Communist Party congress, shouting "we want reforms", in a sign of the revolution to come
  • 1989-12-01 Romanian 5-time Olympic gold medal winning gymnast Nadia Comăneci arrives in NYC requesting political asylum to the United States; granted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-12-22 After 23 years of dictatorial rule, Romania ousts Communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1989-12-25 Show trial of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife Elena on charges of genocide and personal enrichment. The couple are found guilty and executed by firing squad the same day.
  • 1990-01-12 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1990-01-28 Romanian protest against Ion Iliescu government
  • 1991-12-08 The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.
  • 1994-01-27 Romanian social democrats form government with anti-Semites
  • 1994-03-06 Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.
  • 1994-07-03 FIFA World Cup: In a huge upset Romania eliminates Argentina 3-2 from the round of 16 at the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, California

  • 1996-11-03 New York City Marathon: Giacomo Leone of Italy, man's champion in 2:09:54; Anuta Catuna of Romania takes women's title in 2:28:18

BeatificationPapal Visit

1999-05-07 Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-08-22 The rowing program at the Athens Olympics ends with the United States winning the men's eights, and Romania taking the gold in the women's eights
  • 2005-01-16 At 66 years old, Romanian university lecturer Adriana Illiescu becomes the oldest birth mother in the world
  • 2005-04-25 Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union
  • 2007-01-01 Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages.
  • 2007-05-13 Construction of the Calafat-Vidin Bridge between Romania and Bulgaria begins.
  • 2007-11-25 The first European Parliament election and a referendum on changing the voting system (called by the President and declared invalid because of insufficient turnout) were held in Romania.
  • 2008-08-16 Romanian rower Georgeta Andrunache wins the women's coxless pairs at the Beijing Olympics; her 5th career gold medal, and her 3rd consecutive Olympic gold in the event
  • 2009-05-15 Eurostat report that Austria, Belgium, and Romania have all entered recession in the first quarter of 2009
  • 2011-05-13 Romania officially leaves the recession after 2 years following economic growth of an annualised 1.6% in the first quarter
  • 2012-09-08 8 people are killed after a tractor is hit by a train in Romania
  • 2012-12-09 The Social Liberal Union Party and Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta win by a landslide in the parliamentary elections
  • 2013-05-27 The largest flag ever made at 5 tons with 44 miles of thread is unveiled in Romania
  • 2013-06-23 18 Romanians are killed and 32 are injured after a bus crash in Montenegro
  • 2013-09-08 11 people are killed after a minibus collides with a train in Lasi, Romania
  • 2013-09-13 9 people are killed after massive floods in Galati County, Romania

Sport awardFrench Open Women's Tennis

2014-06-07 French Open Women's Tennis: Maria Sharapova of Russia wins her 5th Grand Slam singles title; beats Romanian Simona Halep 6-4, 6-7, 6-4

Tennis Player Maria Sharapova
Tennis Player
Maria Sharapova

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014-10-26 American tennis star Serena Williams beats Simona Halep of Romania 6–3, 6–0 to successfully defend her WTA Finals title in Kallang, Singapore

Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams
  • 2014-11-16 Klaus Iohannis wins the Romanian Presidential election
  • 2015-11-04 Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta announces his resignation after protests over a Bucharest nightclub fire that killed 32
  • 2017-01-31 Romanian government passes emergency decree to release prisoners and decriminalise corruption charges, triggering huge protests in Bucharest
  • 2017-02-05 Romanian government scraps corruption degree after 6 days of mass demonstrations

Sport awardFederation Cup

2017-04-22 Ilie Năstase thrown off tennis court for insulting British female players during Fed Cup play-off against Romania in Constanta

Tennis Champion Ilie Năstase
Tennis Champion
Ilie Năstase
  • 2017-06-21 Romanian Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu outed after losing no-confidence vote 241-7
  • 2017-06-29 Mihai Tudose confirmed as Romanian Prime Minister, by parliament, succeeding Sorin Grindeanu
  • 2018-01-15 Romanian Social Democrat (PSD) Prime Minister Mihai Tudose resigns after 7 months in office
  • 2018-02-25 68th Berlin International Film Festival: Romanian film "Touch Me Not" wins the Golden Bear
  • 2018-06-09 French Open Women's Tennis: Romanian Simona Halep wins her first Grand Slam singles title beating American Sloane Stephens 3-6, 6-4, 6-1
  • 2018-08-10 Anti-government protests begin in Bucharest, Romania, with over 400 injured in clashes with police
  • 2018-10-07 Romanian referendum to ban same sex marriage fails with only 20.4% voting
  • 2019-07-13 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Simona Halep beats Serena Williams 6-2, 6-2 in just 55 minutes; first Romanian to win a Wimbledon singles title

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 222

  • 1914-06-15 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), born in Râmnicu Sărat, Buzău County, Romania (d. 1999)
  • 1914-10-17 Albert Markos, Romanian composer (Torso I), born in Székelykeresztúr, Hungary (now Cristuru Secuiesc, Romania) (d. 1981)
  • 1916-01-07 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)

Person of interestNicolae Ceausescu

1918-01-26 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania (d. 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1919-12-29 Roman Vlad, Romanian-born Italian composer, born in Cernauti, Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1920-11-23 Paul Celan [Antschell], German/Romanian poet (Collected Prose)
  • 1921-10-15 Angelica Rozeanu, Romanian table tennis player (World Champ 1950-55), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2006)
  • 1921-10-25 Michael I, King of Romania (1927-30, 1940-47), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1921-11-01 Jan Tausinger, Romanian-Czech violist and composer, born in Piatra Neamţ, Romania (d. 1980)
  • 1922-02-11 Tudor Jarda, Romanian composer, born in Cluj (d. 2007)
  • 1922-05-29 Iannis Xenakis, Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, and architect who helped revolutionize 20th century classical music (Metastaseis), born in Brăila, Romania (d. 2001)
  • 1922-07-23 Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romania (1948-94), born in Moineşti, Bacău, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1923-05-28 Gyorgy Ligeti, Hungarian classical composer (Le Grand Macabre), born in Transylvania, Romania (d. 2006)
  • 1923-09-18 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], wife of Michael I King of Romania, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1923-11-23 Nadia Gray [Nadia Kujnir-Herescu], Romanian actress (Naked Runner, Maniac, Candide), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1924-04-12 Sergiu Natra, Romanian-born Israeli composer, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1925-01-12 Laurentiu Profeta, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2006)
  • 1926-02-19 György Kurtág, Hungarian pianist, composer (Stele; Játékok), and teacher (Franz Liszt Academy, 1967-93), born in Lugoj, Romania
  • 1926-06-08 Anatol Vieru, Romanian-Jewish composer, born in Iasi, Romania (d. 1998)
  • 1926-07-02 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)
  • 1926-07-25 Teodor Grigoriu, Romanian composer, born in Galați, Romania (d. 2014)
  • 1927-04-22 Pascal Bentoiu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2016)
  • 1927-07-31 Ștefan Niculescu, Romanian composer, born in Moreni, Dâmbovita (d. 2008)
  • 1927-08-17 Bernard Cornfeld, Romanian American financier (Fund of Funds), born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1995)
  • 1927-10-20 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer (Oulipo), born in Sibiu (d. 2006)
  • 1928-06-16 Sergiu Comissiona, Buch Romania, conductor (Haifa Symph 1959-64)

Person of interestElie Wiesel

1928-09-30 Elie Wiesel, Jewish Auschwitz survivor and author (Night), Nobel Prize winner 1986, born in Sighet, Romania (d. 2016)

Author Elie Wiesel
Author
Elie Wiesel
  • 1928-10-28 Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian three-star general in the Securitate, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1929-05-31 Zoltán Aladár, Transylvanian composer, music critic and teacher (The Goat and the Three Goons), born in Homorodszentmárton, Romania (d. 1978)
  • 1930-03-03 Ion Iliescu, President of Romania
  • 1932-02-16 Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli writer, born in Jadova Commune, Kingdom of Romania
  • 1932-04-25 Lia Manoliu, Romanian discus thrower (Olympic gold 1968), born in Chişinău, Romania (d. 1998)
  • 1932-05-05 Aurel Stroe, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest (d. 2008)
  • 1933-03-31 Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)
  • 1934-06-20 Cornel Țăranu, Romanian composer (Garlands), born in Cluj. Romania
  • 1936-02-19 Marin Sorescu, Romanian poet, playwright and artist (Iona, House under surveillance), born in Bulzești, Dolj County (d. 1996)
  • 1936-12-12 Iolanda Balaș, Romanian high jumper (Olympic gold 1960), born in Timișoara, Romania (d. 2016)
  • 1937-05-26 Yehuda Yannay, Romanian composer, born in Timișoara, Romania
  • 1937-10-03 Boldizsár Csiky, Romanian composer, born in Târgu Mureș, Romania
  • 1938-11-06 Dumitru Rusu, Romanian painter, born in Ilişeşti, Suceava
  • 1939-05-09 Ion Ţiriac, Romanian tennis manager
  • 1939-06-09 Ileana Cotrubaş, Romanian soprano, born in Galați, Romania
  • 1939-08-08 Viorica Viscopoleanu, Romanian athlete (Olympic gold, long jump 1968), born in Storozhynets, Romania
  • 1940-02-24 Nicolae Martinescu, Romanian Greco-Roman wrestler (Olympic gold 100kg 1972), born in Vişani, Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1940-10-02 Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2015)
  • 1941-04-06 Gheorghe Zamfir, Romanian pan lute player, born in Găești, Romania
  • 1941-10-02 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1942-05-12 Dumitru Dediu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • 1942-05-23 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • 1942-10-10 Radu Vasile, Prime Minister of Romania (1998-99), born in Sibiu, Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1945-11-30 Radu Lupu, Galati Romania, pianist (Enesco 1st prize-1967)

Person of interestIlie Năstase

1946-07-19 Ilie Năstase, Romanian tennis player (US Open 1972), born in Bucharest, Romania

Tennis Champion Ilie Năstase
Tennis Champion
Ilie Năstase
  • 1948-08-23 Andrei Pleşu, Romanian writer and essayist, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1949-03-01 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • 1949-08-30 Peter Maffay, Romanian-German musician, born in Brașov, Romania
  • 1950-01-05 Ioan Petru Culianu, Romanian historian, born in Iași, Romania (d. 1991)
  • 1950-06-05 Adrian Cosma, Romania, team handball (Olympic silver 1976)
  • 1950-07-23 Alex Kozinski, Romanian-American Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1950-07-29 Maricica Puica, Romania, 2K runner (world record)
  • 1950-07-29 Radu Voina, Romania, team handball (Olympic silver/2 bronze-1972, 76, 80)
  • 1950-11-11 Mircea Dinescu, Romanian poet, born in Slobozia, Romania
  • 1951-04-16 Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer, born in Timişoara, Romania
  • 1951-09-04 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania
  • 1951-11-04 Traian Băsescu, 4th President of Romania (2004-14), born in Basarabi, Romania
  • 1952-01-14 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, Prime Minister of Romania, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1952-09-27 Doemitri Dorin Prunariu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40)
  • 1952-11-17 Roman Codreanu, Romania, wrestler (Olympic-1980)

Person of interestVirginia Ruzici

1955-01-31 Virginia Ruzici, Romanian Tennis Star (1978 French Open champion), born in Campia Turzii, Romania

Tennis Player and French Open Champion Virginia Ruzici
Tennis Player and French Open Champion
Virginia Ruzici
  • 1955-07-08 Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
  • 1956-11-21 Mariana Simionescu, Romanian tennis player (1st wife of Björn Borg), born in Tirgu Neamt, Romania
  • 1956-12-27 Doina Melinte, Romanian running star (world record 1500 m/mile indoor)
  • 1959-01-09 Cristi Minculescu, Romanian musician, born in Pitești, Romania
  • 1960-08-31 Vali Ionescu, Romanian long jumper
  • 1961-11-12 Nadia Comăneci, Romanian gymnast (5 x Olympic gold 1976, 80), born in Onești, Romania
  • 1962-06-28 Anisoara Stanciu-Cusmir, Romanian long jumper (Olympic gold 1984), born in Brăila, Romania
  • 1963-07-20 Paula Ivan, Romanian runner (world record mile), born in Herăști, Romania
  • 1964-03-04 Emilia Eberle, Romania, gymnast (Olympic silver 1980)
  • 1964-06-13 Christian Wilhelm Berger, Romanian composer and organist, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1965-01-20 Anton Weissenbacher, Romanian footballer, born in Baia Mare, Romania
  • 1965-02-05 Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer, born in Săcele, Romania
  • 1967-01-22 Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast, born in Zagon, Romania
  • 1967-03-06 Mihai Tudose, Romanian politician, Prime Minister (2017-), born in Brăila, Romania
  • 1967-10-09 Gheorghe Popescu, Romanian soccer player (Barcelona), born in Calafat, Dolj County, Romania
  • 1967-12-22 Dan Petrescu, Romanian football manager and professional football player, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1968-04-27 Cristian Mungiu, Romanian filmmaker (4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days), born in Iași, Romania
  • 1970-01-02 Sanda Ladoşi, Romanian pop singer ("I Admit"), born in Târgu Mureș, Transylvania, Romania.
  • 1971-02-14 Gheorghe Muresan, American NBA center (Washington Bullets/Wizards), born in Tritenii de Jos, Romania
  • 1971-02-18 Constantin Popa, Romanian-Israeli basketball player, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1971-04-10 Mihai Bagiu, American gymnast (Olympics 1996), born in Timisoara Romania
  • 1971-04-28 Mihai Apostal, Bucharest Romania, Canadian kayaker (Olympics 1996)
  • 1972-01-19 Joana Benedek, Romanian-born Mexican actress, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1972-05-09 Daniela Silivaș, Romanian gymnast (3 Olympic gold 1988), born in Deva, Romania
  • 1972-10-24 Ruxandra Dragomir, Romanian tennis star (1996 Bournemouth doubles), born in Piteşti, Romania
  • 1972-12-11 Dana Macsim, Romanian television news reporter, born in Piatra Neamt, Romania
  • 1973-12-05 Sorin Grindeanu, Romanian Prime Minister (2017), born in Caransebeș, Romania
  • 1974-03-26 Irina Spirlea, Romanian tennis star (1996 Amelia Island), born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1974-08-06 Adrian Voinea, Focsani Romania, tennis star (1995 Malta)
  • 1974-12-07 Alex Rădulescu, Romanian tennis player, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1975-12-16 Valentin Bădoi, Romanian footballer
  • 1976-10-04 Cabral Ibacka, Romanian actor and television presenter

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

  • 1996-09-25 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist Dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, dies of cirrhosis at 45
  • 1996-12-08 Marin Sorescu, Romanian poet, playwright and artist (Iona, House under surveillance), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1999-05-12 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), dies at 84
  • 2000-06-24 Vera Atkins, Romanian-born British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
  • 2000-10-05 Cătălin Hîldan, Romanian footballer (b. 1976)
  • 2001-02-04 Iannis Xenakis, Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, and architect who helped revolutionize 20th century classical music (Metastaseis), dies after several years of serious illness at 78
  • 2003-09-04 Lola Bobesco, Romanian-born violinist (b. 1921)
  • 2006-01-26 Carol Lambrino, son of Carol II of Romania and Zizi Lambrino (b. 1920)
  • 2006-02-21 Angelica Rozeanu, Romanian table tennis player (World Champ 1950-55), dies at 84
  • 2006-08-24 Cristian Nemescu, Romanian film director (b.1979)
  • 2006-10-04 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer, dies at 78
  • 2006-11-20 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, dies of lung cancer at 57
  • 2007-01-21 Maria Cioncan, Romanian athlete (b. 1977)
  • 2007-04-16 Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)
  • 2007-05-07 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2007-07-30 Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (b. 1915)
  • 2007-08-05 Florian Pittiş, Romanian artist (b. 1943)
  • 2007-08-13 Tudor Jarda, Romanian composer, dies at 85
  • 2007-10-26 Nicolae Dobrin, Romanian footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2008-01-22 Ștefan Niculescu, Romanian composer, dies at 80
  • 2008-02-18 Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress, (b. 1955)
  • 2008-03-27 George Pruteanu, Romanian literary critic and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2008-04-20 Monica Lovinescu, Romanian essayist, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2008-08-16 Elena Leuṣtean, Romanian gymnast and Olympic medalist (b. 1935)
  • 2008-09-07 Ilarion Ciobanu, Romanian actor (b. 1931)
  • 2008-09-14 Ştefan Iordache, Romanian actor (b. 1941)
  • 2008-10-03 Aurel Stroe, Romanian composer, dies at 76
  • 2008-10-08 George E. Palade, Romanian-American cell biologist (ribosomen, Nobel 1974), dies at 95
  • 2008-12-05 Constantin Ticu Dumitrescu, Romanian politician and president of the Association of Romanian Former Political Prisoners. (b. 1928)
  • 2008-12-05 Anca Parghel, Romanian jazz singer and composer (b. 1957)
  • 2009-01-18 Grigore Vieru, Romanian poet (b. 1935)
  • 2009-02-08 Marian Cozma, Romanian handball player (Romania 60 caps), dies of stab wounds at 26
  • 2009-03-19 Ion Dolănescu, Romanian singer and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2009-04-28 Valeria Peter Predescu, Romanian singer, dies of a heart attack at 62
  • 2009-11-10 Gheorghe Dinica, Romanian actor (b. 1934)
  • 2010-05-26 Jean Constantin, Romanian actor (b. 1928)
  • 2010-07-14 Mădălina Manole, Romanian pop recording artist (b. 1967)
  • 2010-11-05 Adrian Păunescu, Romanian poet and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2011-01-01 Marin Constantin, Romanian composer & conductor, dies at 85
  • 2011-04-08 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist, dies at 100
  • 2011-09-19 Johnny Răducanu, Romanian jazz pianist (b. 1931)
  • 2013-01-03 Sergiu Nicolaescu, Romanian film director, dies from surgical complications at 82
  • 2013-04-01 Nicolae Martinescu, Romanian Greco-Roman wrestler (Olympic gold 100kg 1972), dies at 73
  • 2013-07-03 Radu Vasile, Prime Minister of Romania (1998-99), dies at 70
  • 2013-09-21 Roman Vlad, Romanian-born Italian composer, dies at 93
  • 2014-05-21 Teodor Grigoriu, Romanian composer, dies at 87
  • 2015-12-09 Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player, dies at 75
  • 2016-02-21 Pascal Bentoiu, Romanian composer, dies at 88
  • 2016-03-11 Iolanda Balaș, Romanian high jumper (Olympic gold 1960), dies at 79
  • 2016-08-01 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], wife of Michael I King of Romania, dies at 92
  • 2017-12-05 Michael I, King of Romania (1927-1930 and 1940-1947), dies from cancer at 96
  • 2018-05-03 Doina Cornea, Romanian human rights activist and professor, dies at 88