Saint Petersburg in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1703-05-27 Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1724-01-28 The Russian Academy of Sciences founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in a Senate decree. Called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1741-06-19 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great

BattleCoup d'état

1741-11-25 Elizabeth of Russia seizes power in a coup with the aid of Imperial Russian guards in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1762-05-05 Russia & Prussia sign Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years War
  • 1768-08-19 Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1824-03-24 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis" in St. Petersburg

  • 1824-11-19 Storm causes flooding in St Petersburg, killing 10,000
  • 1836-04-19 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1836-12-30 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die
  • 1845-08-06 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1846-01-15 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac

  • 1849-04-23 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and members of the Petrashevsky Circle are arrested in St. Petersburg
  • 1852-04-30 Anton Rubinstein's opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1862-11-11 Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia)

MurderAssassination Attempt

1866-04-04 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of St. Petersburg

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-01-12 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1874-01-24 Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1875-08-22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • 1875-12-08 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1878-01-24 Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg
  • 1881-03-13 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg
  • 1886-10-15 Modest Mussorgsky's musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" premieres in St. Petersburg's Kononov Hall, Russia
  • 1887-10-31 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's "Capriccio Espagnol" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1890-10-23 Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St Petersburg)
  • 1892-12-17 Tchaikovski's ballet "Casse-noisette" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1893-01-10 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895-01-15 Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

  • 1895-02-08 Tchaikovsky and Petipa's revival of "Swan Lake" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1895-05-07 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1896-10-17 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1901-11-27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1902-04-02 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg

Russia1905 Russian Revolution

1905-01-22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
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Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
  • 1905-10-26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-10-31 Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg

  • 1905-12-15 The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
  • 1905-12-22 Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street
  • 1907-02-22 Leonid Andreyev's "Zhizn Cheloveka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1907-03-05 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1907-12-22 Saint-Saëns'/Fokine's ballet "Le Cygne" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1908-11-06 Leonid Andreyev's "Dui Nashey Zhizni" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • 1914-09-01 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1917-03-08 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]
  • 1917-03-12 In the wake of the February Revolution, Communist Party members Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Matvei Muranov arrive in Petrograd (St Petersburg) and seize control of the Pravda newspaper
  • 1924-01-24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • 1991-09-06 The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.
  • 1991-11-06 Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovitsj returns to St Petersburg
  • 1994-07-23 Goodwill Games open in St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995-03-05 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg

  • 2008-11-25 A car bomb in St. Petersburg, Russia, kills three people and injures one
  • 2017-04-03 Bomb on St Petersburg metro kills 11, 2nd bomb defused
  • 2019-11-09 Prominent Russian history professor Oleg Sokolov discovered with severed arms of his murder victim in his backpack when rescued from Moika River, St Petersburg

Famous Birthdays

  • 1715-10-23 Peter II Alexeyevich, Tsar of Russia (1727-30), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1730)
  • 1740-08-23 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia (1740-41), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1764)
  • 1745-07-28 Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Baltic German courtier and military governor of St Petersburg, born in Palmse, Estonia (d. 1826)
  • 1745-09-16 Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal, born in St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1813)
  • 1749-08-31 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • 1753-11-06 Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian sculptor, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1802)
  • 1761-08-16 Yevstigney Fomin, Russian opera composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1800)
  • 1769-07-23 Alexey Titov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1827)
  • 1771-09-14 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1783-02-21 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (VP: Imperial Academy of Arts 1828-68), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1873)
  • 1784-12-24 Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1803)
  • 1791-04-24 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1855)
  • 1794-10-26 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1881)
  • 1797-11-04 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1799-12-12 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1811-11-13 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Petrograd (d. 1898)
  • 1817-08-24 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Prince Serebrenni), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875)
  • 1817-09-05 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875) [NS]
  • 1820-01-23 Alexander Serov, Russian composer & music critic, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1871)
  • 1824-01-14 Vladimir Stasov, Russian art & music critic, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1906)
  • 1825-06-24 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia, youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1844)
  • 1827-08-28 Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1834-05-05 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • 1842-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)
  • 1845-02-26 Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
  • 1846-05-30 Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (famous for Fabergé eggs), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1846-09-25 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1850-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1850-10-05 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1852-12-04 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist and honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1934)
  • 1853-09-13 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1854-08-24 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg; (d. 1922)
  • 1855-04-29 Anatoly Liadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1914)
  • 1855-05-10 Anatoli Liadov, composer (Enchanted Lake) [NS], born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1856-11-06 Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich, Grand Duke of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-07 Semyon Alapin, Russian chess master, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1923)
  • 1856-11-18 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1859-03-26 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1859-10-26 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1862-06-25 Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1864-01-10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1865-08-10 Alexander K Glazunov, composer (Chopiniana), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1866-03-14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)

Person of interestNicholas II

1868-05-18 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

  • 1868-08-07 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (Poisson distribution) and economist, born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1870-05-04 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1872-04-04 Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1873-05-15 Nikolay Tcherepnin, Russian composer of ballets, born in St Petersburg, Russia [OS: 03/05]
  • 1874-10-09 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1874-11-04 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1875-08-23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • 1880-04-26 Mikhail Fokine, Russian choreographer and founder of modern dance, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1880-11-28 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • 1881-02-12 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1882-04-23 Albert Coates, English conductor and composer (Eagle), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1884-07-23 Apolinary Szeluto, Polish pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1966)
  • 1885-02-21 Sacha Guitry, French actor and playwright (Deburan, The Story of a Cheat), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1887-03-23 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1888-10-14 Ernest Pingoud, Finnish composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1889-01-01 Alexander Smallens, conductor, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1890-09-17 Lubov Tchernicheva, Russian-British ballerina, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1976)
  • 1890-10-09 Alfred Swan, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1891-08-02 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian and linguist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1891-08-29 Michael Chekhov, Russian-American actor (Abie's Irish Rose, Rhapsody), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1955)
  • 1891-12-05 Alexander Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer, born in St Petersburg (d. 1956)
  • 1894-04-27 Nicolas Slonimsky, Russian-American composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1995)
  • 1895-04-14 Mary Marquet, Russian actress (Matter of Resistance), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • 1895-04-14 Wiktor Labunski, Polish-American composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1974)
  • 1895-08-10 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1958)
  • 1896-07-01 Pavel Antokolsky, Russian poet and theatre director (Syn), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1978)
  • 1896-08-27 Leon Theremin, Russian-Soviet electronic musical instruments inventor, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1993)
  • 1896-12-04 Nikolai Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1896-12-22 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1898-12-22 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Soviet physicist, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1974)
  • 1899-01-21 Alexander Tcherepnin, Russian pianist and composer, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1977)

Person of interestVladimir Nabokov

1899-04-22 Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American novelist (Lolita, Ada), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1977)

  • 1899-06-26 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1900-05-17 Nicolai Berezowsky, Russian-American composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1953)
  • 1900-06-22 Jennie Tourel, mezzo-soprano (Met Opera 1943-47), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1900-07-10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • 1900-10-24 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)
  • 1900-11-07 Efrem Kurtz, Russian conductor (Houston Symph 1948-54), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1995)
  • 1900-12-21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • 1901-05-02 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1924)

Person of interestAnastasia Nikolaevna

1901-06-05 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Daughter of the last Russian Tsar, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • 1901-10-29 Daniele Amfiteatrov, Italian composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1983)
  • 1901-12-22 Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-American conductor (Lincoln Portrarit), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1903-04-18 Leonid Kinskey, Russian actor (Casablanca, Duck Soup), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1998)
  • 1903-07-27 Nikolai Cherkasov, Russian actor (Ivan the Terrible), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1966)

Person of interestGeorge Balanchine

1904-01-22 George Balanchine, Russian-American ballet composer and choreographer who founded the New York City Ballet, born in St. Petersburgh, Russian Empire (d. 1983) [OS=Jan 9]

Ballet Choreographer George Balanchine
Ballet Choreographer
George Balanchine

Person of interestAlexei Nikolaevich

1904-08-12 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1918)

Tsarevich of Russia Alexei Nikolaevich
Tsarevich of Russia
Alexei Nikolaevich
  • 1904-09-15 Tom Conway, Russian actor (Mark Saber, Betty Hutton Show), born in St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1904-12-07 Konstantin Sokolsky, Russian singer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1991)
  • 1904-12-30 Dmitry B Kabalevsky, composer (In the Fire) [OS 17 Dec], born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-02-02 Ayn Rand [Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum], Russian-American author, screenwriter and philosopher who developed the philosophical system of "Objectivism" (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1905-09-12 Boris Arapov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1992)
  • 1905-11-17 Mischa Auer [Ounskowsky], Russian actor (My Man Godfrey), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1967)
  • 1905-12-30 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1906-03-17 Tamara Geva, Russian-born dancer and actress, born in St. Petersburg (d. 1997)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1862-04-27 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev

LoveWedding of Interest

1867-02-15 Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (45) weds Anna Snitkina at Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia

LoveWedding of Interest

1894-11-26 Russian emperor Nicholas II (26) weds Alexandra Feodorovna (22) at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia

  • 2015-08-09 Model Kate Grigorieva (27) weds her boyfriend Alexander in Saint Petersburg

Famous Deaths

  • 1826-02-25 Peter von der Pahlen, Baltic courtier and military governor of St Petersburg, dies at 80