Russian History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 1,138

  • 1741-12-07 Elisabeth Petrovna becomes Tsarina of Russia

Historic Event

1742-04-25 Elizabeth of Russia crowns herself Empress in the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow

  • 1742-11-07 Empress Elizabeth of Russia proclaims her nephew Peter of Holstein-Gottorp (later Peter III) her heir
  • 1742-12-01 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 1743-08-17 Treaty of Åbo signed in Turku by Sweden and Russian Empire, ending the Russo-Swedish War (1741-1743)
  • 1746-05-22 Russia and Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • 1746-06-02 Russia and Austria sign agreements
  • 1751-09-13 Britain signs Austrian & Russian alliance
  • 1755-01-25 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day
  • 1755-04-26 1st Russian university opens in Moscow
  • 1755-09-19 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement
  • 1756-07-30 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers in Russia
  • 1756-12-31 Russia joins the Alliance of Versailles
  • 1760-09-28 Russian & Austrian armies occupy Berlin
  • 1760-10-02 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]
  • 1760-10-09 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1760-10-13 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin

Historic Event

1762-06-28 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

Historic Event

1768-02-29 Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski joins the Bar Confederation to defend the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Russian influence

  • 1768-08-19 Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1770-07-05 First day of three day naval Battle of Chesma between the Russian and Ottoman Empires off the coast of Anatolia won by the Russians
  • 1772-04-06 Catherine the Great Empress of Russia, ends tax on men with beards, enacted by Tsar Peter the Great in 1698
  • 1774-07-21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-74: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war
  • 1774-09-15 Cossack pretender to the Russian throne Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev captured
  • 1783-04-08 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea
  • 1783-07-24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1784-01-06 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • 1784-09-22 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1785-04-21 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs
  • 1787-08-16 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1787-10-01 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn
  • 1788-02-09 Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1788-06-11 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska
  • 1788-12-17 Russian army of Grigory Potemkin occupies Ocharov
  • 1790-07-09 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet
  • 1790-08-14 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1790-12-22 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
  • 1792-01-09 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1792-05-19 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1794-06-23 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
  • 1794-11-09 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1795-03-28 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1798-01-01 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 1798-12-24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799-06-22 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
  • 1799-10-02 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • 1799-10-06 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army
  • 1799-10-10 Convention of Alkmaar: British-Russian invasion army departs Holland
  • 1799-10-22 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1801-03-24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

Battle of Interest

1805-11-11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

  • 1805-11-16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • 1805-12-02 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
  • 1807-02-08 Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious
  • 1808-05-03 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia
  • 1808-09-13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.

Coup d'état

1809-03-29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.

  • 1809-09-17 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1811-02-02 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco
  • 1812-03-15 1st Russian settlement in California at Russian River
  • 1812-06-24 Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Armée numbering half a million begin their invasion of Russia by crossing the Nieman River
  • 1812-07-23 Battle of Mogilev: first significant fighting during Napoleon's invasion of Russia results in minor French victory
  • 1812-09-07 Battle of Borodino: Napoleon Bonapartre wins a pyrrhic victory against Russian General Mikhail Kutuzov in the most ferocious battle of the Napoleonic era, 70,000 are killed

Great Fire of Moscow

1812-09-14 Great Fire of Moscow begins as Napoleon approaches the city and retreating Russians burn it - fire continues to burn for five days

  • 1812-11-29 Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia
  • 1812-12-14 The French invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon Bonaparte, officially ends with the French having lost as many as 530,000 people
  • 1814-02-10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians
  • 1814-02-17 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)
  • 1818-11-21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine

Russian Antarctic Expedition

1820-01-27 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica

Historic Expedition

1821-08-04 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen returns to Kronshtadt after becoming the 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica

  • 1824-04-17 Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40'N
  • 1825-02-22 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1825-12-26 Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins [O.S. 14 December]
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
  • 1827-10-20 Naval Battle of Navarino (off the Peloponnese coast): English, Russian, French combined fleet beat a Turkish and Egyptian force, paving the way for Greek independence
  • 1828-02-22 Russia & Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1828-04-26 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1828-08-27 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1829-03-22 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece
  • 1829-09-14 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1829-09-24 Russia & Ottoman Empire sign Peace Treaty of Adrianople
  • 1829-11-20 Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol, Russia
  • 1830-11-29 November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule beings in Poland begins
  • 1831-02-20 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
  • 1833-05-02 Russian Tsar Nicolas I bans public sale of serfs
  • 1833-07-08 Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1835-07-22 Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia is consecrated, originally commissioned by Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1837-02-10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès (1/29 OS)
  • 1842-12-09 Mikhail Glinka's opera "Russlan and Ludmilla" premieres at the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre, in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1845-08-06 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg

Historic Publication

1846-01-15 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac

  • 1849-04-23 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and members of the Petrashevsky Circle are arrested in St. Petersburg
  • 1849-08-09 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • 1849-11-16 Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor
  • 1849-12-22 The execution of Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky by firing squad is called off at the last second
  • 1853-08-08 Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 1,826

  • 1787-08-15 Alexander Aliabiev, Russian composer remembered as one of the fathers of Russian art song, born in Tobolsk, Siberia (d. 1851)
  • 1787-12-01 Pavel Ivanovich Dolgorukov, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1845)
  • 1788-01-08 Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general & politician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1874)
  • 1788-05-10 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1788-11-11 Mikhail Vielgorsky, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1856)
  • 1789-03-04 Pavel Gagarin, Russian politician (d. 1872)
  • 1791-04-24 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1855)
  • 1791-09-20 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika), born in Ufa, Russian Empire (d. 1859) [NS 10/01]
  • 1791-10-01 Sergey Aksakov, Russian novelist (Chronicles of a Russian Family), born in Ufa, Russian Empire (d. 1859) [OS 09/20]
  • 1792-02-29 Karl Ernst von Baler, Russian naturalist (discovered human ovum)
  • 1792-07-10 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • 1792-12-01 Nikolai Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician (Lobachevskian geometry), born in Nizhny Novgorod (d. 1856)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, born in Altona, Hamburg (d. 1864)
  • 1793-07-05 Pavel Ivanovich Pestel, Russian officer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1826)
  • 1794-02-12 Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
  • 1794-10-26 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1881)
  • 1795-01-15 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1795-01-18 Anna Pavlovna, Russian consort of William II of the Netherlands, daughter of Tsar Paul I, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1865)
  • 1796-01-22 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1796-06-14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, born in Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire (d. 1866)
  • 1796-07-03 Nikolai Poveloi, Russian writer and publisher (Sotsjinenija), born in Irkutsk [NS]
  • 1796-07-06 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), born in Gatchina Palace, Gatchina, Russian Empire (d. 1855)
  • 1797-11-04 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1798-06-05 Alexei Fyodorovich Lvov, Russian composer, born in Reval, Russian Empire (now Tallinn, Estonia) (d. 1870)
  • 1798-11-29 Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • 1799-06-06 Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer and poet (Eugene Onegin), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1799-12-12 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1800-03-02 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (d. 1844)
  • 1800-11-23 Michail Pogodin, Russian historian and author (Povesti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1875)
  • 1801-09-24 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist and mathematician, born in Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1862)
  • 1801-11-10 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, born in Lugansk, Russian Empire (d. 1872)
  • 1801-11-27 Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1848)
  • 1802-01-03 Feliks Ostrowski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Kraśnik, Russian Empire (d. 1860)
  • 1803-08-13 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher & writer, born in Moscow (d. 1869)
  • 1803-09-03 Alexander Gurilyov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1858)
  • 1803-12-05 Fyodor Tyutchev, Russian poet and statesman, born in Bryansk, Oryol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1873)
  • 1804-05-01 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, born in Moscow (d. 1860) [NS 13/05]
  • 1804-06-01 Mikhail Glinka, Novosspaskoye Russian composer (Kamarinskaya; Ruslan and Ludmilla), born in Novospasskoye, Smolensk, Russian Empire (d. 1857) [birth OS=May 20]
  • 1804-09-11 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), born in Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1838) [OS 30 Sep]
  • 1804-12-16 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
  • 1806-04-03 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, born in Moscow (d. 1856)
  • 1807-02-15 Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, Polish composer, born in Romanów, Russian Empire (d. 1867)
  • 1807-07-22 Karolina Pawlowa, Russian writer (A Double Life), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1893)
  • 1809-03-31 Nikolai Gogol [Nikolay], Ukrainian-born Russian novelist, humorist, and dramatist (Dead Souls, The Inspector-General), born in Sorochintsy, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1852)
  • 1809-09-04 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1811-03-03 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • 1811-11-13 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Petrograd (d. 1898)
  • 1812-04-06 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • 1812-06-18 Ivan Goncharov, Russian novelist/travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813-02-14 Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, Russian composer, born in Troitsko village, Tula, Russia (d. 1869)
  • 1813-06-18 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)
  • 1814-05-08 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, born in Pryamukhino, Tver Governorate of the Russian Empire (d. 1876)
  • 1814-07-03 Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, born in Rauna parish, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1814-08-01 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, born in Moscow (d. 1882)
  • 1814-10-03 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), born in Moscow (d. 1841)
  • 1815-03-04 Mykhailo Verbytsky, Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest and composer (Prostachka; The State Anthem of Ukraine), born in Nadsyannia, Russian Empire (now Poland) (d. 1870)
  • 1817-03-29 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, born in Novo-Aksakovo, Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1817-08-24 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Prince Serebrenni), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875)
  • 1817-09-05 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875) [NS]

Alexander II

1818-04-29 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia (d. 1881)

  • 1818-10-25 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [NS=Nov 6]
  • 1818-11-09 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1819-05-05 Stanisław Moniuszko, Polish conductor, composer (Straszny dwór - The Haunted Manor), and teacher, born in Ubiel, Minsk Governate, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1872)
  • 1819-08-18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • 1819-12-18 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian Romantic poet (Stichotvorenija), born in Ryazan, Russia (d. 1898)
  • 1820-01-23 Alexander Serov, Russian composer & music critic, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1871)
  • 1820-12-05 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet, born in Mtsensk, Russia (d. 1892)
  • 1821-03-23 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1821-05-16 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1821-06-04 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, born in Moscow, Imperial Russia (d. 1897)
  • 1821-06-15 Nikolay Zaremba, Russian composer and teacher of Tchaikovsky, born in Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1879)

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1821-11-11 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

  • 1821-12-10 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1877)
  • 1822-01-30 John Basil Turchin [Ivan Vasyliovych Turchin], Russian-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1901)
  • 1822-02-13 Lev A Mej, Russian nobleman/poet
  • 1822-06-13 Carl Schmidt, Baltic German chemist, born in Mitau, Russian Empire (d. 1884)
  • 1823-04-12 Aleksandr Ostrovsky [Alexander Ostrovsky], Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1823-09-26 Ivan Aksakov, Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh), born in Nadezhdino, Belebey Uyezd, Orenburg Governorate (d. 1889)
  • 1824-01-14 Vladimir Stasov, Russian art & music critic, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1906)
  • 1824-03-02 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia
  • 1824-08-08 Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1880)
  • 1825-03-09 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, born in Rochensalm, Russian Empire (d. 1890)
  • 1825-06-24 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia, youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1844)
  • 1826-01-15 Mikhail Saltykov, Russian satirist (Family of Noblemen), born in Spas-Ugol, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1826-07-11 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and folklorist, born in Boguchar, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1871)
  • 1826-09-06 Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, Russian composer, born in Chufarovo, Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1827-01-02 Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
  • 1827-01-21 Ivan Pervushin, Russian mathematician, born in Perm Oblast, Russia (d. 1900)
  • 1827-05-21 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1907)
  • 1827-08-28 Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1828-07-12 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1889)

Leo Tolstoy

1828-09-09 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War and Peace), born in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia (d. 1910)

  • 1828-09-15 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (discoverer of hexamine (1859)), born in Chistopol, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1829-11-28 Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (Dmitri Donskoi), born in Vikhvatinets, Podolia Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1894)
  • 1830-05-24 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1897)
  • 1831-02-16 Nikolai Leskow [M. Stebnitsky], Russian writer (The Tale of Cross-eyed Lefty from Tula and the Steel Flea), born in Gorokhovo, Russia (d. 1895)
  • 1831-07-30 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891)
  • 1832-09-26 Pyotr Petrovich Sokal'sky, Russian composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1887)
  • 1832-12-27 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art, born in Moscow (d. 1897)
  • 1833-11-12 Aleksandr Porfirievich Borodin, Russian composer (Robert LeDiable)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 1,100

  • 1828-08-06 Konstantin von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman, dies of a fever at 43
  • 1828-11-05 Maria Feodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia, dies at 69
  • 1829-02-11 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
  • 1829-09-16 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman, dies at 58
  • 1831-06-10 Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
  • 1831-07-16 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1833-01-14 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, dies at 73
  • 1833-05-24 John Randolph [of Roanoke], American planter, Congressman (Virginia) and Minister to Russia, dies of tuberculosis at 59
  • 1834-06-28 Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • 1836-10-17 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
  • 1837-02-10 Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and writer (Eugene Onegin), killed in a duel at 37
  • 1837-03-13 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat and minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
  • 1837-05-08 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman, dies at 66
  • 1837-06-19 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, dies in battle at 39
  • 1837-10-15 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet, dies at 77
  • 1837-12-13 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • 1838-01-28 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33 [OS 16 Jan]
  • 1839-04-22 Denis Davydov, Russian general & poet, dies at 54
  • 1840-07-22 Józef Javurek, Polish-Russian composer, dies at 83
  • 1841-07-27 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), dies at 26
  • 1842-10-19 Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • 1844-07-11 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
  • 1844-09-23 Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1844-09-28 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1844-11-21 Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
  • 1845-02-20 Pavel Ivanovich Dolgorukov, Russian composer, dies at 57
  • 1846-03-06 Nikoli Poveloi, Russian writer and publisher, dies at 49 [NS]
  • 1848-10-26 Vissarion Belinsky, Russian literary critic, dies at 36
  • 1848-10-27 Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, Russian composer, dies at 46
  • 1851-03-06 Alexander Aliabiev, Russian composer remembered as one of the fathers of Russian art song, dies at 63
  • 1852-03-04 Nikolai Gogol [Nikolay], Ukrainian-born Russian novelist, humorist, and dramatist (Dead Souls, The Inspector-General), dies at 43
  • 1852-04-19 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian folk poet and translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 1852-04-21 Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1852-04-24 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • 1852-06-11 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, dies at 52
  • 1852-11-02 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general, dies at 70
  • 1853-08-06 Josif Josifovich Genishta, Russian composer, dies at 57
  • 1854-11-05 Soimonov, Russian general, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • 1855-03-02 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
  • 1855-05-27 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), dies at 64
  • 1855-07-07 Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
  • 1856-01-11 Nikolai I Nadezjdin, Russian archaeologist, dies [NS=Jan 23]
  • 1856-02-24 Nikolai Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician (Lobachevskian geometry), dies at 63
  • 1856-06-23 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1856-10-10 Mikhail Vielgorsky, Russian composer, dies at 67
  • 1857-02-15 Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (Kamarinskaya; Ruslan and Ludmilla), dies at 53
  • 1858-07-03 Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • 1858-09-11 Alexander Gurilyov, Russian composer, dies at 55
  • 1859-04-30 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Chronicles of a Russian Family), dies at 67
  • 1860-09-03 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, dies at 56
  • 1860-12-07 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, dies at 43
  • 1862-01-01 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist & mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1862-03-23 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian chancellor, dies at 81
  • 1862-05-16 Lev A Ms, Russian nobleman/poet, dies at 40
  • 1862-05-28 Lev Mei, Russian poet and dramatist, dies at 40 [O.S. 5/16]
  • 1862-11-17 Alexey Verstovsky, Russian composer, dies at 63
  • 1864-11-23 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1864-12-31 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, dies at 72
  • 1865-03-01 Anna Pavlovna, Russian queen consort of the William II of the Netherlands, dies at 70
  • 1866-01-10 Pyotr Pletnyov, Russian poet (b. 1792)
  • 1866-05-13 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, dies at 69
  • 1866-09-03 Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1869-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, Russian composer, dies at 55
  • 1869-03-11 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher & writer, dies at 65
  • 1870-01-03 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, dies at 46
  • 1870-01-21 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
  • 1870-04-16 Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
  • 1870-12-28 Alexei Fyodorovich Lvov, Russian composer, dies at 72
  • 1871-02-01 Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, Russian composer, dies at 51
  • 1871-09-23 Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • 1871-10-05 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and folklorist, dies at 45
  • 1872-02-21 Pavel Gagarin, Russian politician, dies at 82
  • 1872-09-22 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, dies at 70
  • 1873-04-17 Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, Ukrainian born Russian composer, dies at 60
  • 1873-04-25 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (VP: Imperial Academy of Arts 1828-68), dies at 90
  • 1873-08-04 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, dies at 39
  • 1875-09-28 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, dies at 58 [OS]
  • 1875-10-10 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (Prince Serebrenni), dies at 58
  • 1875-12-20 Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/writer (Povesti), dies at 75
  • 1876-07-01 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, dies at 62
  • 1877-01-09 Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)
  • 1877-12-27 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), dies at 56
  • 1878-07-07 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1878-09-09 Jacobo Ficher, Russian-Argentine composer, violinist, conductor, and music educator, dies at 81
  • 1878-10-25 Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer, German-Russian violinist, composer, and conductor, dies at 89
  • 1879-09-08 Nikolay Ivanovich Zaremba, Russian musical teacher to Tchaikovsky and composer, dies at 58
  • 1881-01-25 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), dies at 86
  • 1881-02-02 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1881-02-09 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, dies from a pulmonary haemorrhage at 59

AssassinationAlexander II

1881-03-13 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' at 62

  • 1881-03-23 Nikolay Rubinstein, Russian pianist, conductor, and composer, dies at 45
  • 1881-03-28 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42 [OS=Mar 16]
  • 1881-04-15 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, executed by hanging at 27
  • 1882-05-29 Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)
  • 1882-07-19 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, dies at 67
  • 1882-11-21 Sergey Nechayev, Russian Nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary), dies at 35
  • 1883-02-01 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), dies at 64 [NS=Feb 13]
  • 1883-09-03 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), dies from a spinal tumour at 64
  • 1884-10-31 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, dies at 25