Russian History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 882

  • 1741-12-05 -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
  • 1741-12-07 Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1742-04-25 Elizabeth of Russia crowns herself Empress in the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1742-11-07 Empress Elizabeth of Russia proclaims her nephew Peter of Holstein-Gottorp (later Peter III) her heir
  • 1742-12-01 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 1743-08-17 Treaty of Åbo signed in Turku by Sweden and Russian Empire, ending the Russo-Swedish War (1741-1743)
  • 1746-05-22 Russia and Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • 1746-06-02 Russia and Austria sign agreements
  • 1751-09-13 Britain signs Austrian & Russian alliance
  • 1755-01-25 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day
  • 1755-04-26 1st Russian university opens in Moscow
  • 1755-09-19 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement
  • 1756-07-30 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers in Russia
  • 1756-12-31 Russia joins the Alliance of Versailles
  • 1760-09-28 Russian & Austrian army occupies Berlin
  • 1760-10-02 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]

  • 1760-10-09 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1760-10-13 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1762-06-28 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768-02-29 Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski joins the Bar Confederation to defend the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Russian influence

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
  • 1768-08-19 Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1770-07-05 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires
  • 1770-07-06 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • 1774-07-21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-74: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war
  • 1774-09-15 Cossack pretender to the Russian throne Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev captured
  • 1783-04-08 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea
  • 1783-07-24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1784-01-06 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • 1784-09-22 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1785-04-21 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs
  • 1787-08-16 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1787-10-01 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1788-02-09 Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1788-06-11 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska

  • 1788-12-17 Russian army of Grigory Potemkin occupies Ocharov
  • 1790-07-09 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet
  • 1790-08-14 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1790-12-22 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
  • 1792-01-09 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1792-05-19 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1794-06-23 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
  • 1794-11-09 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • 1795-03-28 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1798-01-01 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 1798-12-24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799-06-22 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
  • 1799-10-02 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • 1799-10-06 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army
  • 1799-10-10 Convention of Alkmaar: British-Russian invasion army departs Holland
  • 1799-10-22 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • 1801-03-24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

BattleBattle of Interest

1805-11-11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1805-11-16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • 1805-12-02 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
  • 1807-02-08 Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious

Treaty of InterestNapoleon Meets the Tsar

1807-07-07 First Treaty of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I of France, and Alexander I of Russia
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Napoleon Bonaparte meets Alexander I of Russia aboard a raft in the Neman River to sign a peace treaty
Napoleon Bonaparte meets Alexander I of Russia aboard a raft in the Neman River to sign a peace treaty
  • 1808-05-03 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia
  • 1808-09-13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • 1809-03-29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1809-09-17 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1811-02-02 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco
  • 1812-03-15 1st Russian settlement in California at Russian River
  • 1812-06-24 Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River
  • 1812-07-23 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I
  • 1812-11-29 Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia
  • 1812-12-14 The French invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends with the French having lost as many as 530,000 people
  • 1814-02-10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians
  • 1814-02-17 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)
  • 1818-11-21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine

RussiaRussian Antarctic Expedition

1820-01-27 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica
Learn More >>

The Bellingshausen expedition's two sloops-of-war, Mirny and Vostok
The Bellingshausen expedition's two sloops-of-war, Mirny and Vostok

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1821-08-04 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen returns to Kronshtadt after becoming the 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica

  • 1824-04-17 Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40'N
  • 1825-02-22 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1825-12-26 Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins [O.S. 14 December]
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
  • 1828-02-22 Russia & Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1828-04-26 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1828-08-27 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1829-03-22 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
  • 1829-09-14 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1829-09-24 Russia & Ottoman Empire sign Peace Treaty of Adrianople
  • 1829-11-20 Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia
  • 1830-11-29 November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.
  • 1831-02-20 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
  • 1833-05-02 Russian Tsar Nicolas I bans public sale of serfs
  • 1833-07-08 Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1835-07-22 Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia is consecrated, originally commissioned by Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1837-02-10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès (1/29 OS)
  • 1845-08-06 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1846-01-15 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac

  • 1849-04-23 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and members of the Petrashevsky Circle are arrested in St. Petersburg
  • 1849-08-09 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
  • 1849-11-16 Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor
  • 1849-12-22 The execution of Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky by firing squad is called off at the last second
  • 1853-08-08 Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1854-03-28 Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War

Battle of InterestBattle of the Alma

1854-09-20 Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians
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2nd Rifle Brigade leading the Light Division across the river at the Battle of the Alma on September 20, 1854 during the Crimean War
2nd Rifle Brigade leading the Light Division across the river at the Battle of the Alma on September 20, 1854 during the Crimean War
  • 1854-11-05 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 1,394

  • 1793-07-05 Pavel Ivanovich Pestel, Russian officer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1826)
  • 1794-02-12 Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
  • 1794-10-26 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1881)
  • 1795-01-15 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1795-01-18 Anna Paulowna Romanova, monarch of Russia/daughter of Tsar Paul I
  • 1796-01-22 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1796-06-14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, born in Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire (d. 1866)
  • 1796-06-22 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [OS]
  • 1796-07-03 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [NS]
  • 1796-07-06 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), born in Gatchina Palace, Gatchina, Russian Empire (d. 1855)
  • 1797-11-04 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1798-06-05 Alexei Fyodorovich Lvov, Russian composer, born in Reval, Russian Empire (d. 1870)
  • 1798-11-29 Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • 1799-06-06 Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer and poet (Eugene Onegin), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1799-12-12 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1800-03-02 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (d. 1844)
  • 1800-11-23 Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/author (Povesti)
  • 1801-09-24 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist and mathematician, born in Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1862)
  • 1801-11-10 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, born in Lugansk, Russian Empire (d. 1872)
  • 1803-08-13 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer, born in Moscow (d. 1869)
  • 1803-09-03 Alexander Gurilyov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1858)
  • 1803-12-05 Fyodor Tyutchev, Russian poet and statesman, born in Bryansk, Oryol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1873)
  • 1804-05-01 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, born in Moscow (d. 1860) [NS 13/05]
  • 1804-06-01 Mikhail Glinka, Novosspaskoye Russia, composer ("Jota Aragonesa", "Ruslan and Ludmilla") [OS=May 20]
  • 1804-08-30 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), born in Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1638) [OS]
  • 1804-09-11 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), born in Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1638) [NS]
  • 1804-12-16 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
  • 1806-04-03 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, born in Moscow (d. 1856)
  • 1809-03-31 Nikolai Gogol [Nikolay], Ukrainian-born Russian novelist, humorist, and dramatist (Dead Souls, The Inspector-General), born in Sorochintsy, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1852)
  • 1809-09-04 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1811-03-03 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • 1811-11-13 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Petrograd (d. 1898)
  • 1812-04-06 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • 1812-06-18 Ivan Goncharov, Russian novelist/travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813-02-14 Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, Russian composer, born in Troitsko village, Tula, Russia (d. 1869)
  • 1813-06-18 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)
  • 1814-05-08 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, born in Pryamukhino, Tver Governorate of the Russian Empire (d. 1876)
  • 1814-07-03 Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, born Rauna parish, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1814-08-01 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, born in Moscow (d. 1882)
  • 1814-10-03 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), born in Moscow (d. 1841)
  • 1817-03-29 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, born in Novo-Aksakovo, Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1817-08-24 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Prince Serebrenni), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875)
  • 1817-09-05 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875) [NS]

Person of interestAlexander II

1818-04-29 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia (d. 1881)

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1818-10-25 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [NS=Nov 6]
  • 1818-11-06 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [OS=Oct 25]
  • 1818-11-09 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1883)
  • 1819-08-18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • 1819-12-18 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • 1820-12-05 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet, born in Mtsensk, Russia (d. 1892)
  • 1821-03-23 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1821-05-16 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1821-06-04 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, born in Moscow, Imperial Russia (d. 1897)

Person of interestFyodor Dostoyevsky

1821-11-11 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

  • 1821-12-10 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1877)
  • 1822-01-30 John Basil Turchin [Ivan Vasyliovych Turchin], Russian-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1901)
  • 1822-02-13 Lev A Mej, Russian nobleman/poet
  • 1823-04-12 Aleksandr Ostrovsky [Alexander Ostrovsky], Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1823-09-26 Ivan Aksakov, Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh), born in Nadezhdino, Belebey Uyezd, Orenburg Governorate (d. 1889)
  • 1824-01-14 Vladimir Stasov, Russian art & music critic, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1906)
  • 1824-03-02 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia
  • 1824-08-08 Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1880)
  • 1825-03-09 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, born in Rochensalm, Russian Empire (d. 1890)
  • 1825-06-24 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia, youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1844)
  • 1826-01-15 Mikhail Saltykov, Russian satirist (Family of Noblemen), born in Spas-Ugol, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1826-07-11 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and folklorist, born in Boguchar, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1871)
  • 1826-09-06 Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, Russian composer, born in Chufarovo, Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1827-01-02 Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
  • 1827-01-21 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
  • 1827-05-21 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1907)
  • 1827-08-28 Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1828-07-12 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1889)

Person of interestLeo Tolstoy

1828-09-09 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War and Peace), born in Yasnaya Polyana, Russia (d. 1910)

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1828-09-15 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (discoverer of hexamine (1859)), born in Chistopol, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1830-05-24 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1897)
  • 1831-07-30 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891)
  • 1832-09-26 Pyotr Petrovich Sokal'sky, Russian composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1887)
  • 1832-12-27 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art, born in Moscow (d. 1897)
  • 1833-11-12 Aleksandr Porfirievich Borodin, Russian composer (Robert LeDiable)

Person of interestDmitri Mendeleev

1834-02-08 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, born in Tobolsk, Russia (d. 1907)

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1834-05-05 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • 1837-01-02 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1910)
  • 1837-05-27 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • 1837-06-08 Jan Kleczyński Sr., Polish painist and composer, born in Janiewicze, Russian Empire (d. 1895)
  • 1837-09-14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, born in Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1903)
  • 1838-03-15 Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (d. 1889)
  • 1839-03-21 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Karevo, Russian composer (Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mt) [NS]
  • 1839-08-10 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1840-03-20 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)

Person of interestPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

1840-05-07 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer of the late-Romantic period (1812 Overture, Swan Lake), born in Votkinsk, Russia (d. 1893)

  • 1840-07-12 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • 1840-11-15 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [NS=11/27]
  • 1840-11-19 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1840-11-27 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [OS=11/15]
  • 1841-01-27 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1841-09-26 Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, Russian composer, born in Orenburg (d. 1907)
  • 1842-02-02 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • 1842-02-04 Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
  • 1842-03-22 Mykola Lysenko, Ukranian composer, conductor and ethnomusicologist, born in Hrynky, Russian Empire (d. 1912)
  • 1842-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 848

  • 1831-07-16 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1833-01-14 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, dies at 73
  • 1833-05-24 John Randolph [of Roanoke], American planter, Congressman (Virginia) and Minister to Russia, dies of tuberculosis at 59
  • 1834-06-28 Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • 1836-10-17 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
  • 1837-02-10 Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and writer (Eugene Onegin), killed in a duel at 37
  • 1837-03-13 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat and minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
  • 1837-05-08 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman, dies at 66
  • 1837-06-19 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, dies in battle at 39
  • 1837-10-15 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet, dies at 77
  • 1837-12-13 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • 1838-01-16 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33 [OS]
  • 1838-01-28 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33 [NS]
  • 1839-04-22 Denis Davydov, Russian general & poet, dies at 54
  • 1840-07-22 Józef Javurek, Polish-Russian composer, dies at 83
  • 1841-07-27 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), dies at 26
  • 1842-10-19 Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • 1844-07-11 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
  • 1844-09-23 Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1844-09-28 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1844-11-21 Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
  • 1846-02-22 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher, dies at 49 [OS]
  • 1846-03-06 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher, dies at 49 [NS]
  • 1848-10-26 Vissarion G Belinski, Russian literature critic, dies
  • 1852-03-04 Nikolai Gogol [Nikolay], Ukrainian-born Russian novelist, humorist, and dramatist (Dead Souls, The Inspector-General), dies at 43
  • 1852-04-19 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 1852-04-21 Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1852-04-24 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • 1852-06-11 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, dies at 52
  • 1852-11-02 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general, dies at 70
  • 1854-11-05 Soimonov, Russian general, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • 1855-03-02 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
  • 1855-05-27 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), dies at 64
  • 1855-07-07 Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
  • 1856-01-11 Nikolai I Nadezjdin, Russian archaeologist, dies [NS=Jan 23]
  • 1856-06-23 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1857-02-15 Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer ("Ruslan and Ludmilla"), dies at 53
  • 1858-07-03 Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • 1858-09-11 Alexander Gurilyov, Russian composer, dies at 55
  • 1859-04-30 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Chronicles of a Russian Family), dies at 67
  • 1860-09-03 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, dies at 56
  • 1860-12-07 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, dies at 43
  • 1862-01-01 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist & mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1862-03-23 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian chancellor, dies at 81
  • 1862-05-16 Lev A Ms, Russian nobleman/poet, dies at 40
  • 1862-05-28 Lev Mei, Russian poet and dramatist, dies at 40 [O.S. 5/16]
  • 1864-12-31 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, dies at 72
  • 1865-03-01 Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 1866-01-10 Pyotr Pletnyov, Russian poet (b. 1792)
  • 1866-05-13 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, dies at 69
  • 1866-09-03 Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1869-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, Russian composer, dies at 55
  • 1869-03-11 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer, dies at 65
  • 1870-01-03 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, dies at 46
  • 1870-01-21 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
  • 1870-04-16 Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
  • 1870-12-28 Alexei Fyodorovich Lvov, Russian composer, dies at 72
  • 1871-09-23 Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • 1871-10-05 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and folklorist, dies at 45
  • 1872-02-21 Pavel P Gagarin, Russian monarch/politician, dies at 82
  • 1872-09-22 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, dies at 70
  • 1873-04-25 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (VP: Imperial Academy of Arts 1828-68), dies at 90
  • 1873-08-04 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, dies at 39
  • 1875-09-28 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, dies at 58 [OS]
  • 1875-10-10 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (Prince Serebrenni), dies at 58
  • 1875-12-20 Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/writer (Povesti), dies at 75
  • 1876-07-01 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, dies at 62
  • 1877-01-09 Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)
  • 1877-12-27 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), dies at 56
  • 1878-07-07 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1881-01-25 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), dies at 86
  • 1881-02-02 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59

Person of interestFyodor Dostoyevsky

1881-02-09 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, dies from a pulmonary haemorrhage at 59

MurderAlexander II

1881-03-13 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' at 62

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1881-03-28 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42 [OS=Mar 16]
  • 1881-04-15 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, executed by hanging at 27
  • 1882-05-29 Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)
  • 1882-07-19 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, dies at 67
  • 1882-11-21 Sergey Nechayev, Russian Nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary), dies at 35
  • 1883-02-01 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), dies at 64 [NS=Feb 13]
  • 1883-02-13 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian & author (In the Forests), dies at 64
  • 1883-09-03 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), dies from a spinal tumour at 64
  • 1884-10-31 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, dies at 25
  • 1885-01-04 Iosif Kotek, Russian composer and violinist, dies at 29
  • 1886-06-14 Aleksandr Ostrovsky [Alexander Ostrovsky], Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers), dies at 63
  • 1887-02-27 Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and scientist, dies at 53
  • 1887-03-08 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian/critic, dies at 73 (b. 1813)
  • 1887-03-24 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, dies at 49
  • 1887-04-11 Pyotr Petrovich Sokal'sky, Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1888-03-24 Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
  • 1888-11-01 Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
  • 1889-01-27 Ivan Aksakov, Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh), dies at 65
  • 1889-02-26 Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (b. 1838)
  • 1889-05-10 Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • 1889-10-17 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), dies at 61
  • 1889-12-12 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
  • 1890-03-20 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, dies at 65
  • 1891-02-10 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)
  • 1891-05-08 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59