Russian History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 889

  • 1855-03-02 Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1855-09-08 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Paris

1856-03-30 Russia signs the Treaty of Paris, ending the Crimean War
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The Congress of Paris between the Russian Empire, France, United Kingdom, Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia
The Congress of Paris between the Russian Empire, France, United Kingdom, Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia
  • 1856-04-18 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns
  • 1857-09-23 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • 1858-06-29 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • 1858-07-02 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1860-06-12 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
  • 1861-02-27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw

RussiaEmancipation of the Serfs

1861-03-03 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens [O.S. Feb 19]
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Peasants Reading the Emancipation Manifesto, an 1873 painting by Grigory Myasoyedov
Peasants Reading the Emancipation Manifesto, an 1873 painting by Grigory Myasoyedov
  • 1861-10-06 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • 1862-07-01 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow
  • 1862-11-11 Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia)
  • 1863-10-01 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • 1864-05-21 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.

MurderAssassination Attempt

1866-04-04 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of St. Petersburg

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II

Treaty of InterestAlaska Purchase

1867-03-30 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre
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The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
  • 1867-10-18 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million
  • 1868-09-25 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869-03-06 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1875-08-22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1876-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.

  • 1877-04-24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1877-07-31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1877-11-17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1878-01-16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1878-07-13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1879-05-16 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1880-02-17 Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880-06-08 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky delivers an emotional speech at the unveiling of a monument to Pushkin in Moscow

  • 1881-02-24 China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
  • 1881-04-27 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1882-01-25 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 1882-07-06 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1882-07-13 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1885-03-30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1885-11-17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • 1886-10-15 Modest Mussorgsky's musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" premieres in St. Petersburg's Kononov Hall, Russia
  • 1887-06-18 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1887-08-19 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse
  • 1888-03-20 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.

  • 1891-04-23 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia
  • 1892-02-03 Russia closes down the Volozhin Yeshiva, a Lithuanian talmudical college
  • 1892-08-17 Russian and French generals, Obruchev and Boisdeffre signs Double Alliance
  • 1893-01-17 Franco-Russian Alliance is signed
  • 1893-12-17 Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • 1893-12-30 Russia signs military accord with France
  • 1894-01-04 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-11-01 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

  • 1895-05-07 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1895-06-29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1896-05-18 Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people
  • 1896-05-26 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • 1898-10-01 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • 1900-02-14 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country
  • 1900-03-18 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • 1900-06-25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • 1900-06-26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • 1900-07-03 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • 1900-07-16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • 1900-08-04 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1900-08-05 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • 1900-08-15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1900-09-03 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1900-10-10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province
  • 1900-11-09 China has resumed nominal control of Manchuria, but in a secret agreement the Chinese governor of Manchuria grants Russia such rights as keeping troops along the railroad lines and controlling civil administration
  • 1901-10-16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • 1901-11-27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1902-02-01 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1902-03-20 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
  • 1902-03-25 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • 1902-04-02 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
  • 1902-04-08 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • 1902-04-15 Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1903-02-23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1903-06-24 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • 1903-07-17 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • 1903-08-12 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • 1903-08-29 The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese
  • 1903-10-16 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1903-10-30 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria
  • 1904-02-06 Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • 1904-02-10 Japan and Russia declare war
  • 1904-03-06 The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific
  • 1904-03-28 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • 1904-04-13 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1904-04-26 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1904-05-26 In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • 1904-06-14 At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • 1904-07-06 Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan
  • 1904-07-28 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1904-08-10 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • 1904-08-11 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • 1904-08-24 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory
  • 1904-10-15 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1904-10-16 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1904-10-22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 1905-01-02 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia

Russia1905 Russian Revolution

1905-01-22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
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Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,405

  • 1842-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)
  • 1842-09-07 Johannes Zukertort, German chess player, born in Lublin, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1842-12-09 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, born in Moscow (d. 1921)
  • 1843-09-29 Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • 1843-10-21 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • 1843-10-25 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1902)
  • 1843-10-26 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), born in Cherepovets, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1844-03-18 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (Scheherazade), born in Tikhvin (d. 1908) (OS 6 Mar)
  • 1844-06-06 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1905)
  • 1845-02-26 Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
  • 1845-03-10 Alexander III A Romanov, Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • 1845-05-15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), born in Ivanovka, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
  • 1846-02-04 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • 1846-04-28 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), born in Länghem, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • 1846-05-30 Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (famous for Fabergé eggs), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1846-07-03 Achilles Alferaki, Russian composer, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1846-09-25 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1847-03-31 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
  • 1847-09-20 Sergey Nechayev, Russian Nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1882)
  • 1847-11-26 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, born in Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1848-01-24 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
  • 1848-03-29 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, born in Sheshurino, Russia (d. 1925)
  • 1848-05-15 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
  • 1848-07-27 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1933)
  • 1848-08-04 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1848-10-30 Zinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral
  • 1849-02-22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • 1849-06-29 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1915)

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

1849-09-26 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [O.S. September 14] (d. 1936)

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1850-01-15 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • 1850-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1850-08-05 Anton Simon, Russian composer, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1850-10-05 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1850-11-12 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1851-09-03 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, born in Pavlovsk, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1852-02-20 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov)
  • 1852-12-04 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist and honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1934)
  • 1853-01-16 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1853-07-27 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), born in Zhitomir, Volhynian Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1853-08-19 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1853-08-28 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor, born in Grayvoron, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1853-09-13 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1853-10-17 Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1853-12-22 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician, born in Orensburg, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1854-08-24 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg; (d. 1922)
  • 1855-04-29 Anatoly Liadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1914)
  • 1855-05-10 Anatoli Liadov, composer (Enchanted Lake) [NS], born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1855-05-11 Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • 1855-08-20 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter (Laodania), born in Omsk, Russian Empire (d. 1909) [NS Sept 1]
  • 1855-09-01 Innokenty Annensky, Omsk, Russian Empire, poet, critic and interpreter (poètes maudits)
  • 1855-10-16 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1855-10-28 Ivan V Mitshurin, Russian botanist (new types of fruit)
  • 1855-11-06 Iosif Kotek, Russian composer and violinist, born in Kamenets-Podolsk, Ukraine (d. 1885)
  • 1856-03-17 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1856-06-14 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), born in Ryazan, Russian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1856-09-01 Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1856-11-06 Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich, Grand Duke of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-07 Semyon Alapin, Russian chess master, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1923)
  • 1856-11-18 Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-25 Sergei Ivanovich Taneyev, Russian composer (Oresteia)
  • 1856-12-11 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, born in Gudalovka, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1857-06-06 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1857-09-17 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian pioneer in rocket and space research, born in Izhevskoye, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1935)
  • 1857-11-03 Michail V Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff (d. 1918)
  • 1858-02-26 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1858-11-11 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (d. 1884)
  • 1858-12-11 Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director, born in Ozurgeti, Georgia (d. 1943)
  • 1858-12-23 Vladimir Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, playwright (Life in Russian Theater)
  • 1859-02-04 Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • 1859-03-02 Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz], Yiddish author and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof, Tevye the Dairyman), born in Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1859-03-16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1859-03-26 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1859-10-26 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1859-11-19 Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
  • 1859-11-30 Sergei Lyapunov, Russian composer and pianist, born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1924)
  • 1859-12-15 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1860-01-11 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian/French painter/author (Journal)

Person of interestAnton Chekhov

1860-01-29 Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright (Cherry Orchard), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1904)

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1860-07-28 Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia, born in Peterhof Palace, Empire of Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1860-08-28 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, born in Tula, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1860-08-30 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1900)

Person of interestIgnacy Jan Paderewski

1860-11-18 Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish composer and 1st premier of Poland (1919), born in Kuryłówka, Russian Empire (d. 1941)

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1861-02-12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • 1861-04-27 Georgy Catoire, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1926)
  • 1861-06-11 Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba, Ukrainian-Russian composer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1915)
  • 1861-07-12 Anton Arensky, Russian composer, born in Novgorod, Russia (d. 1906)
  • 1861-07-29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • 1861-10-29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1861-11-16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (1933)
  • 1861-11-23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1861-12-19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • 1862-03-02 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1862-03-13 Vasiliy Metallov, Russian composer and musical historian, born in Saratov, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1862-04-14 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1862-05-19 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
  • 1862-06-25 Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1862-07-18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1862-12-26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-French-Italian writer, born in Kaluga, Russia (d. 1923)
  • 1863-01-17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • 1863-02-17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 850

  • 1891-05-08 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59
  • 1891-09-27 Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (b. 1812)
  • 1892-12-03 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet, dies at 71
  • 1893-08-17 Aleksei N Apuchtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52[NS=8/29]

Person of interestPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

1893-11-06 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer of the late-Romantic period (1812 Overture, Swan Lake), dies of suspected cholera at 53

  • 1894-01-13 Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
  • 1894-03-12 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • 1894-07-08 Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, Russian composer, dies at 67
  • 1894-11-01 Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845) Reigned from 1881
  • 1894-11-20 Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer (Dmitri Donskoi), dies at 64
  • 1894-12-08 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
  • 1896-05-27 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
  • 1896-08-30 Alexei Lobanov-Rostovsky, Russian statesman (b. 1824)
  • 1897-03-20 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, dies at 76
  • 1897-10-08 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, dies at 67
  • 1898-07-20 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, dies at 86
  • 1898-10-30 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky Russian poet (Stichotvorenija), dies at 78
  • 1898-12-16 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and art collector, dies at 65
  • 1900-05-05 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • 1900-06-29 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1900-08-04 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • 1901-03-10 Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell, Russian composer, dies at 38
  • 1901-11-22 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian Biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology), dies at 61
  • 1902-04-06 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), dies at 58
  • 1902-04-08 Sipyagain, Russian min of interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated
  • 1902-07-14 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1903-06-11 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1904-04-13 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies at 61
  • 1904-05-16 N I Bobrikov, Russian governor-general in Finland, dies

Person of interestAnton Chekhov

1904-07-15 Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (Uncle Vanya), dies at 44

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1904-07-28 Plehve, Russian foreign minister (bomb under carriage), dies
  • 1904-10-17 Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, dies at 32
  • 1905-02-13 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), dies at 60
  • 1905-11-08 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, dies at 35
  • 1906-01-13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1906-02-25 Anton Arensky, Russian composer and conductor, dies of tuberculosis at 44

Person of interestDmitri Mendeleev

1907-02-02 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, dies at 72

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1907-03-23 Constantine P Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary senator, dies at 79
  • 1907-03-28 Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1908-01-09 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908-01-25 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • 1908-06-21 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (Sheherazade), dies at 64 (OS 8 Jun)
  • 1908-11-20 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), dies at 40
  • 1909-01-14 Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60
  • 1909-11-30 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and translator, dies at 53 [NS=Dec 13]
  • 1909-12-11 Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • 1909-12-13 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • 1910-04-14 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1910-05-29 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), dies at 73
  • 1910-07-24 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (b. 1841)
  • 1910-08-29 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), dies at 64
  • 1910-10-17 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, dies at 60

Person of interestLeo Tolstoy

1910-11-20 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War & Peace), dies of pneumonia at 82

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1911-09-18 Peter Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), shot and murdered at the Kiev Opera House aged 49
  • 1914-08-15 Anatoly Liadov, Russian composer (Baba yaga), dies at 59
  • 1914-08-29 ... Machagovsky, Russian general (Tannenberg), dies in battle
  • 1914-08-30 Aleksandr Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide
  • 1915-01-28 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, dies at 68
  • 1915-03-13 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), dies at 65
  • 1915-04-27 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, dies at 43
  • 1915-05-21 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (b. 1875)
  • 1915-06-19 Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev, Russian composer (Oresteia), dies at 58
  • 1915-11-27 Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba, Ukrainian-Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1916-01-15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • 1916-02-01 Anton Simon, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1916-03-19 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1916-05-17 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)
  • 1916-07-15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), dies of heart failure at 71

MurderGrigori Rasputin

1916-12-29 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, assassinated by conservative Russian aristocrats at 45

  • 1917-02-13 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer, dies at 48
  • 1917-04-18 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (b. 1858)
  • 1917-12-08 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian writer (b. 1836)
  • 1918-02-07 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, dies at 68
  • 1918-04-13 Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)
  • 1918-05-30 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, dies at 61

Person of interestAlexei Nikolaevich

1918-07-17 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia and son of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13

Tsarevich of Russia Alexei Nikolaevich
Tsarevich of Russia
Alexei Nikolaevich

BattleAnastasia Nikolaevna

1918-07-17 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 17

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • 1918-07-17 Eugene Botkin, Russian court physician of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 53
  • 1918-07-17 Ivan Kharitonov, Russian cook of Tsar Nicholas II, executed around the age of 46
  • 1918-07-17 Anna Demidova, Russian lady in waiting of Tsarina Alexandra, executed at 40
  • 1918-07-17 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, executed at 19

BattleNicholas II

1918-07-17 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), executed at 50

  • 1918-07-17 Olga Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 22
  • 1918-07-17 Tatiana Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 21
  • 1918-07-17 Alexei Trupp, Russian footman and assistant of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 62
  • 1918-07-17 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), executed by firing squad at 46
  • 1918-09-03 Fanya Kaplan, Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, executed
  • 1918-09-25 Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
  • 1918-10-09 Michail V Alekseyev, Russian general (WWI), murdered at 60
  • 1918-11-03 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), dies at 61
  • 1919-01-01 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • 1919-02-05 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher/writer, dies at 62
  • 1919-02-16 Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
  • 1919-05-21 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
  • 1919-09-12 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), dies at 48
  • 1919-12-27 Achilles Alferaki, Russian composer, dies at 73
  • 1920-02-07 Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • 1920-02-07 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)
  • 1920-06-20 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • 1920-11-08 Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57