Russian History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 859

  • 1861-10-06 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • 1862-07-01 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow
  • 1862-11-11 Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia)
  • 1863-10-01 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • 1864-05-21 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.
  • 1866-04-04 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • 1866-04-16 Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 1867-03-30 US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre - Seward's Folly)
  • 1867-10-18 US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia having paid $7.2 million
  • 1868-09-25 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869-03-06 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1875-08-22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1876-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.

  • 1877-04-24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1877-07-31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1877-11-17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia

  • 1878-01-16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1878-07-13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1879-05-16 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1880-02-17 Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • 1881-02-24 China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
  • 1881-04-27 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1882-01-25 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 1882-07-06 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1882-07-13 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1885-03-30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1885-11-17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • 1886-10-15 Modest Mussorgsky's musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" premieres in St. Petersburg's Kononov Hall, Russia
  • 1887-06-18 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1887-08-19 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse
  • 1888-03-20 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1891-04-23 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia
  • 1892-02-03 Russia closes down the Volozhin Yeshiva, a Lithuanian talmudical college
  • 1892-08-17 Russian and French generals, Obruchev and Boisdeffre signs Double Alliance
  • 1893-12-17 Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • 1893-12-30 Russia signs military accord with France
  • 1894-01-04 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-11-01 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

  • 1895-05-07 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1895-06-29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1896-05-18 Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people

  • 1896-05-26 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • 1898-10-01 Jews are expelled from Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1898-10-01 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • 1900-02-14 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country
  • 1900-03-18 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • 1900-06-25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • 1900-06-26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • 1900-07-03 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • 1900-07-16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • 1900-08-04 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1900-08-05 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • 1900-08-15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1900-09-03 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1900-10-10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province
  • 1900-11-09 China has resumed nominal control of Manchuria, but in a secret agreement the Chinese governor of Manchuria grants Russia such rights as keeping troops along the railroad lines and controlling civil administration
  • 1901-10-16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • 1901-11-27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1902-02-01 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1902-03-20 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
  • 1902-03-25 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • 1902-04-02 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
  • 1902-04-08 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • 1902-04-15 Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1903-02-23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1903-06-24 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • 1903-07-17 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • 1903-08-12 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • 1903-08-29 The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese
  • 1903-10-16 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1903-10-30 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria
  • 1904-02-06 Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • 1904-02-10 Japan and Russia declare war
  • 1904-03-06 The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific
  • 1904-03-28 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • 1904-04-13 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1904-04-26 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1904-05-26 In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • 1904-06-14 At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • 1904-07-06 Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan
  • 1904-07-28 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1904-08-10 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • 1904-08-11 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • 1904-08-24 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory
  • 1904-10-15 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1904-10-16 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1904-10-22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 1905-01-02 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia

Russia1905 Russian Revolution

1905-01-22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
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  • 1905-01-29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months
  • 1905-03-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts
  • 1905-05-08 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1905-05-26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

Battle of InterestBattle of Tsushima

1905-05-27 Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the only decisive clash between modern steel battleships in history
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-06-08 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1905-06-27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1905-06-30 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905-06-30 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,183

  • 1848-03-29 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, born in Sheshurino, Russia (d. 1925)
  • 1848-05-15 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
  • 1848-07-27 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1933)
  • 1848-08-04 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1848-10-30 Zinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral
  • 1849-02-22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • 1849-06-29 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1915)

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

1849-09-14 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [N.S. September 26] (d. 1936)

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1850-01-15 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • 1850-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1850-08-05 Anton Simon, Russian composer, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1850-10-05 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1850-11-12 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1851-09-03 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, born in Pavlovsk, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1852-02-20 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov)
  • 1852-12-04 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)
  • 1853-01-16 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1853-07-27 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), born in Zhitomir, Volhynian Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1853-08-19 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1853-08-28 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor, born in Grayvoron, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1853-10-17 Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1853-12-22 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1919)
  • 1855-04-29 Anatol K Liadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake) [OS]
  • 1855-05-10 Anatoli Liadov, composer (Enchanted Lake) [NS], born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1855-05-11 Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • 1855-08-20 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter (Laodania), born in Omsk, Russian Empire (d. 1909) [NS Sept 1]
  • 1855-09-01 Innokenty Annensky, Omsk, Russian Empire, poet, critic and interpreter (poètes maudits)
  • 1855-10-16 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1855-10-28 Ivan V Mitshurin, Russian botanist (new types of fruit)
  • 1856-03-17 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1856-06-14 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • 1856-09-01 Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1856-11-06 Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich, Grand Duke of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-18 Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-25 Sergei Ivanovich Taneyev, Russian composer (Oresteia)
  • 1856-12-11 Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist
  • 1857-06-06 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1857-11-03 Michail V Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff (d. 1918)
  • 1858-02-26 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1858-11-11 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (d. 1884)
  • 1858-12-11 Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director (d. 1943)
  • 1858-12-23 Vladimir Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, playwright (Life in Russian Theater)
  • 1859-02-04 Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • 1859-03-16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1859-11-19 Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
  • 1859-12-15 Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)
  • 1860-01-11 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian/French painter/author (Journal)

Person of interestAnton Chekhov

1860-01-29 Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright (Cherry Orchard), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1904)

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1860-07-28 Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia, born in Peterhof Palace, Empire of Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1860-08-28 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, born in Tula, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1860-08-30 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1900)

Person of interestIgnacy Jan Paderewski

1860-11-18 Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish composer and 1st premier of Poland (1919), born in Kuryłówka, Russian Empire (d. 1941)

Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Pianist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski
  • 1861-02-12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • 1861-07-29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • 1861-10-29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1861-11-16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (1933)
  • 1861-11-23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1861-12-19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • 1862-03-02 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1862-04-14 Pyotr A Stolypin, premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 1862-05-19 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
  • 1862-07-18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1862-12-14 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [OS]
  • 1862-12-26 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [NS]
  • 1863-01-17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • 1863-02-17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1863-03-01 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1863-03-12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1863-04-19 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • 1863-07-28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
  • 1863-08-15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1863-10-03 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1863-10-09 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1864-01-09 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1864-01-10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (d. 1931)
  • 1864-03-13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • 1864-10-25 Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1956)
  • 1864-10-28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-04-23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1865-08-10 Alexander K Glazunov, composer (Chopiniana), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1865-12-19 Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
  • 1866-02-24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1866-02-28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1866-03-14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1866-05-10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • 1866-12-04 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1867-06-15 Konstantin Balmont, Russian writer, born in Gumnishchi, Shuya (d. 1945)
  • 1867-09-25 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1867-11-21 Vladimir N Ipatiev, Russian chemist

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1868-03-28 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1868-04-16 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1868-04-28 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)

Person of interestNicholas II

1868-05-18 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

  • 1868-08-07 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)

Person of interestGrigori Rasputin

1869-01-21 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, born in Pokrovskoye, Sibera, Russian Empire (d. 1916)

  • 1869-02-23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1869-02-26 Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • 1869-04-05 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1869-05-05 Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 747

  • 1900-08-04 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • 1901-11-22 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian Biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology), dies at 61
  • 1902-04-08 Sipyagain, Russian min of interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated
  • 1902-07-14 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1903-06-11 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1904-05-16 N I Bobrikov, Russian governor-general in Finland, dies

Person of interestAnton Chekhov

1904-07-15 Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (Uncle Vanya), dies at 44

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1904-07-28 Plehve, Russian foreign minister (bomb under carriage), dies
  • 1905-02-13 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), dies at 60
  • 1905-11-08 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
  • 1906-01-13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1906-02-25 Anton Arensky, Russian composer and conductor, dies of tuberculosis at 44

Person of interestDmitri Mendeleev

1907-02-02 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, dies at 72

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1907-03-23 Constantine P Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary senator, dies at 79
  • 1908-01-25 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • 1908-06-21 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (Sheherazade), dies at 64 (OS 8 Jun)
  • 1908-11-20 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), dies at 40
  • 1909-01-14 Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60
  • 1909-11-30 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and translator, dies at 53 [NS=Dec 13]
  • 1909-12-11 Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • 1909-12-13 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • 1910-04-14 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1910-05-29 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), dies at 73
  • 1910-07-24 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (b. 1841)
  • 1910-10-17 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, dies at 60

Person of interestLeo Tolstoy

1910-11-20 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War & Peace), dies of pneumonia at 82

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1911-09-18 Russian Premier Peter Stolypin (1906-11), shot and murdered at the Kiev Opera House aged 49
  • 1914-08-15 Anatol K Liadov, Russian composer (Baba yaga), dies at 59 [NS=Aug 28]
  • 1914-08-29 ... Machagovsky, Russian general (Tannenberg), dies in battle
  • 1914-08-30 Aleksandr Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide
  • 1915-01-28 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, dies at 68
  • 1915-03-13 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), dies at 65
  • 1915-04-27 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, dies at 43
  • 1915-05-21 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (b. 1875)
  • 1915-06-19 Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev, Russian composer (Oresteia), dies at 58
  • 1916-01-15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • 1916-02-01 Anton Simon, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1916-03-19 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1916-05-17 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)
  • 1916-07-15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), dies of heart failure at 71

Person of interestGrigori Rasputin

1916-12-29 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, assassinated by conservative Russian aristocrats at 45

  • 1917-02-13 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer, dies at 48
  • 1917-04-18 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (b. 1858)
  • 1917-06-15 Lillian Bassman, Russian emigrant to America, photographer and painter (Harper's Bazaar), (d. 2012)
  • 1917-12-08 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian writer (b. 1836)
  • 1918-04-13 Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)
  • 1918-05-30 Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, dies
  • 1918-07-17 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia and son of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13
  • 1918-07-17 Anna Demidova, Russian lady in waiting of Tsarina Alexandra, executed at 40
  • 1918-07-17 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, executed at 19

Person of interestNicholas II

1918-07-17 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), executed at 50

  • 1918-07-17 Olga Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 22
  • 1918-07-17 Tatiana Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 21
  • 1918-09-03 Fanya Kaplan, Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, executed
  • 1918-09-25 Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
  • 1918-10-09 Michail V Alekseyev, Russian general (WWI), murdered at 60
  • 1919-01-01 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • 1919-02-05 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher/writer, dies at 62
  • 1919-02-16 Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
  • 1919-05-21 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
  • 1920-02-07 Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • 1920-02-07 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)
  • 1920-06-20 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • 1920-11-08 Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1921-02-08 Pjotr A Kropotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1921-08-07 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), dies at 40
  • 1921-08-24 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (b. 1886)
  • 1922-02-24 Dmitri B. Shostakovich, father of Russian composer Dmitri D S, dies
  • 1922-05-29 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), dies of cancer at 39
  • 1922-06-28 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, dies at 36
  • 1922-07-20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1923-05-10 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • 1923-06-26 Edward Rae, cricketer (introduced cricket into Russian Lapland), dies
  • 1923-11-26 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer, dies at 60

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1924-01-21 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1924-05-08 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), dies at 23
  • 1924-05-25 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 35
  • 1924-08-17 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1924-10-09 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1924-12-28 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, dis at 58
  • 1925-03-23 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1925-05-13 Boris V Savinkov, Russian writer/terrorist, dies
  • 1925-09-16 Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1925-12-27 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet, dies at 30
  • 1926-02-02 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
  • 1926-04-19 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1926-05-30 Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1926-06-23 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1927-03-03 Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1927-05-28 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1927-11-17 Adolf A Joffe, Russian author/diplomat, commits suicide at 44
  • 1927-12-14 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1927-12-25 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian Foreign minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1928-04-07 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, dies at 54
  • 1928-04-25 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron general, dies at 49
  • 1929-01-06 Nicolas Nikolayevitch, grand-duke of Russia, dies at 72
  • 1929-08-19 Sergei P Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet), dies at 57
  • 1930-04-04 Vladimir Majakovski, Russian poet, dies
  • 1930-04-14 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), dies at 36
  • 1930-04-17 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)