Russian History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 1,138

  • 1853-10-04 Ottoman Empire declares war on the Russian Empire starting the Crimean War after various disagreements including Russian occupation of the Ottoman controlled Danubian Principalities
  • 1854-03-28 Great Britain and France declare war on Russia, expanding the Crimean War
  • 1854-09-04 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war

Battle of the Alma

1854-09-20 Battle of the Alma: British, French and Ottoman alliance defeat the Russian Empire in the 1st major battle of the Crimean War

  • 1854-11-05 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman
  • 1855-03-02 Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 1855-09-08 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War

The 1856 Treaty of Paris

1856-03-30 The Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War

  • 1856-04-18 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns
  • 1857-09-23 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • 1858-06-29 Treaty of Algun: China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • 1858-07-02 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1860-06-12 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
  • 1861-02-27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw

Emancipation of the Serfs

1861-03-03 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens [O.S. Feb 19]

  • 1861-10-06 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg

Historic Event

1862-07-01 Alexander II of Russia grants Jews right to publish books

  • 1862-07-01 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow

Music History

1862-11-22 Opera "La Forza del Destino" by Giuseppe Verdi debuts at Bolshoi Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia [Nov 10 O.S.]

  • 1863-10-01 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • 1864-05-21 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.
  • 1866-04-04 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of St. Petersburg

Alaska Purchase

1867-03-30 Alaska Purchase: US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 ($109 million in 2018), roughly 2 cents an acre

  • 1867-10-18 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million
  • 1868-09-25 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia

Historic Event

1869-03-06 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society

  • 1875-08-22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.

Music Premiere

1876-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March makes its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception

  • 1877-04-24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1877-07-31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1877-11-17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1878-01-16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1878-07-13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1879-02-27 Russian Chemist Constantin Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener) [1]
  • 1879-05-16 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1880-02-17 Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt

Historic Event

1880-06-08 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky delivers an emotional speech at the unveiling of a monument to Pushkin in Moscow

  • 1881-02-24 China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
  • 1881-03-13 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg
  • 1881-04-27 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1882-01-25 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 1882-07-06 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1882-07-13 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia

Royal Coronation

1883-05-27 Alexander III crowned Tsar of Russia in Moscow

  • 1885-03-30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
  • 1885-11-17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • 1886-03-23 Tchaikovsky's "Manfred" symphony premieres in Moscow, Russia, conducted by Max Erdmannsdörfer
  • 1886-10-15 Modest Mussorgsky's musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" premieres at Kononov Hall, in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1887-06-18 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1887-08-19 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse
  • 1888-03-20 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1888-11-17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky' conducts the premiere of his 5th Symphony at the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1890-11-04 Alexander Borodin's opera "Prince Igor" debuts at Mariinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1891-04-23 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia
  • 1892-02-03 Russia closes down the Volozhin Yeshiva, a Lithuanian talmudical college
  • 1892-08-17 Russian and French generals, Obruchev and Boisdeffre sign Double Alliance
  • 1892-12-18 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet "The Nutcracker" premieres in Saint Petersburg, Russia, now the world's most performed ballet; his final opera "Isolanta" also premieres
  • 1893-01-03 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's final opera "Iolanta", is first performed outside of Russia in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1893-01-17 Franco-Russian Alliance is signed
  • 1893-12-17 Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • 1893-12-30 Russia signs military accord with France
  • 1894-01-04 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia

Historic Event

1894-11-01 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after the death of his father, Tsar Alexander III

Music History

1895-01-26 Alexander Gretchaninov's 1st Symphony premieres in Saint Petersburg, Russia, with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov conducting

  • 1895-05-07 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1895-06-29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1896-05-26 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • 1896-05-30 Khodynka Tragedy: Stampeding crowd on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities for coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of about 1,300 people
  • 1898-10-01 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities
  • 1900-02-14 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country
  • 1900-03-18 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • 1900-06-25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • 1900-06-26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • 1900-07-03 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • 1900-07-16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • 1900-08-04 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1900-08-05 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • 1900-08-15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1900-09-03 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1900-10-10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province
  • 1900-11-09 China has resumed nominal control of Manchuria, but in a secret agreement the Chinese governor of Manchuria grants Russia such rights as keeping troops along the railroad lines and controlling civil administration
  • 1901-10-16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • 1901-11-27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • 1902-02-01 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1902-03-20 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
  • 1902-03-25 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • 1902-04-02 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
  • 1902-04-08 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • 1902-04-15 Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1903-02-23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1903-06-24 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionism
  • 1903-07-17 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • 1903-08-12 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • 1903-08-29 The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese
  • 1903-10-16 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1903-10-30 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria
  • 1904-02-06 Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • 1904-02-09 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make an overnight attack on Russian ships at naval base in Port Arthur, Manchuria, beginning the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1904-02-10 Japan and Russia declare war

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,826

Dmitri Mendeleev

1834-02-08 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, born in Tobolsk, Russia (d. 1907)

  • 1834-05-05 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • 1835-01-18 César A Cui, Russian composer and fort architect, born in Vilnius, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1918)
  • 1835-06-14 Nikolay Rubinstein, Russian composer and pianist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1881) (O.S. 2 June)
  • 1837-01-02 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1910)
  • 1837-05-27 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • 1837-06-08 Jan Kleczyński Sr., Polish painist and composer, born in Janiewicze, Russian Empire (d. 1895)
  • 1837-09-14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, born in Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1903)
  • 1838-03-15 Karl Davydov, Russian cellist, and composer, born in Goldingen, Russian Empire (d. 1889)
  • 1839-03-21 Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Karevo, Russian composer (Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mt) [NS]
  • 1839-08-10 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1840-03-20 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

1840-05-07 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer of the late-Romantic period (1812 Overture; The Nutcracker; Swan Lake), born in Votkinsk, Russia (d. 1893)

  • 1840-07-12 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • 1840-11-15 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [NS=11/27]
  • 1840-11-19 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1840-11-27 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [OS=11/15]
  • 1841-01-27 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1841-09-26 Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, Russian composer, born in Orenburg (d. 1907)
  • 1841-11-05 Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin, Russian composer, born in Kaluga, Russia (d. 1896)
  • 1842-02-02 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • 1842-02-04 Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
  • 1842-03-22 Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (Taras Bulba), conductor and ethno-musicologist, born in Hrynky, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1912)
  • 1842-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)
  • 1842-09-07 Johannes Zukertort, German chess player, born in Lublin, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1842-12-09 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, born in Moscow (d. 1921)
  • 1843-09-29 Mikhail Skobelev 'the White General', Russian general during Russo-Turkish War, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1882)
  • 1843-10-21 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • 1843-10-25 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1902)
  • 1843-10-26 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), born in Cherepovets, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1844-03-18 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (Scheherazade), born in Tikhvin (d. 1908) (OS 6 Mar)
  • 1844-06-06 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1905)

Alexander III

1845-02-26 Alexander III, Russian Tsar (1881-94), born in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1894) [Mar 3, New Style]

  • 1845-05-15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), born in Ivanovka, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
  • 1845-10-28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1846-02-04 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • 1846-04-28 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), born in Länghem, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • 1846-05-09 Nicolai Soloviev, Russian music critic and composer, born in Petrozavodsk, Russia (d. 1916)
  • 1846-05-30 Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (famous for Fabergé eggs), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1846-07-03 Achilles Alferaki, Russian composer, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1846-09-25 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1846-10-23 Alexander Arkhangelsky, Russian composer, born in Penza, Russian Empire (d. 1924)
  • 1847-03-20 Gavriil Musicescu, Romainian composer, born in Izmail, Bessarabia Governorate, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1903)
  • 1847-03-31 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
  • 1847-09-20 Sergey Nechayev, Russian Nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1882)
  • 1847-11-26 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, born in Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1848-01-24 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
  • 1848-03-29 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, born in Sheshurino, Russia (d. 1925)
  • 1848-05-15 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
  • 1848-07-27 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1933)
  • 1848-08-04 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1848-10-30 Zinovy Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral (d. 1909)
  • 1849-02-22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • 1849-06-29 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • 1849-09-23 Mikhail Ivanov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1927)

Ivan Pavlov

1849-09-26 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [O.S. September 14] (d. 1936)

  • 1849-11-22 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German general and military historian (Germany & the Next War), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1930)
  • 1850-01-15 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1891)
  • 1850-01-17 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1850-08-05 Anton Simon, Russian composer, born in Paris, France (d. 1916)
  • 1850-10-05 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1850-11-12 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1850-12-22 Constantin Fahlberg, Russian chemist who discovered Saccharin (artificial sweetener), born in Tambov, Russia (d. 1910) [1]
  • 1851-09-03 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, born in Pavlovsk, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1852-02-08 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov) [NS=2/20]
  • 1852-02-20 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov)
  • 1852-12-04 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist and honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1934)
  • 1853-01-16 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1900)
  • 1853-07-27 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), born in Zhitomir, Volhynian Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1853-08-19 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1853-08-28 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor, born in Grayvoron, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1853-09-13 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1853-10-17 Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1853-12-22 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician, born in Orensburg, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1854-02-28 Juliusz Zarębski, Polish pianist, composer, and pedagogue, born in Zhytomyr, Kingdom of Poland, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1885)
  • 1854-07-14 Alexander Alexandrovich Kopylov, Russian imperial composer and violinist (d. 1911)
  • 1854-08-24 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg; (d. 1922)
  • 1855-02-17 Aleksander Różycki, Polish pianist, composer, and music teacher, born in Zhitomir, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • 1855-04-29 Anatoly Liadov, Russian composer (Bewitched Lake), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1914)
  • 1855-05-12 Anatoly Lyadov, Russian composer (From the Apocalypse; Bewitched Lake), conductor, and pedagogue (St. Petersburg Conservatory, 1878-1914), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1914)
  • 1855-08-20 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter (Laodania), born in Omsk, Russian Empire (d. 1909) [NS Sept 1]
  • 1855-09-01 Innokenty Annensky, Omsk, Russian Empire, poet, critic and interpreter (poètes maudits)
  • 1855-10-16 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1855-10-28 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), born in Vershino estate, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1855-11-06 Iosif Kotek, Russian composer and violinist, born in Kamenets-Podolsk, Ukraine (d. 1885)
  • 1856-02-02 Makar Ekmalyan, Armenian composer (Patarag - Divine Liturgy of Armenia), born in Vagharshapat, Erivan Governorate, Russian Empire (now Armenia) (d. 1905)
  • 1856-03-17 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1856-06-14 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), born in Ryazan, Russian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1856-09-01 Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1856-09-30 Andrejs Jurjans, Latvian composer, born in Ērgļi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1856-11-06 Nikolaĭ Nikolaevich, Grand Duke of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-07 Semyon Alapin, Russian chess master, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1923)
  • 1856-11-18 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1856-11-25 Sergei Taneyev, Russian pianist and composer (Oresteia), born in Vladimir, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1856-11-28 Alexander Kastalsky, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1926)
  • 1856-12-02 Robert Kajanus, Finnish conductor and composer, born in Helsingfors, Finland, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1856-12-11 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, born in Gudalovka, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1857-06-06 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1857-09-17 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian pioneer in rocket and space research, born in Izhevskoye, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1935)
  • 1857-11-03 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, born in Vyazma, Smolensk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1918) [OS]

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 1,100

  • 1885-01-04 Iosif Kotek, Russian composer and violinist, dies at 29
  • 1885-05-21 Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin, Russian composer and teacher, dies at 73
  • 1886-06-14 Aleksandr Ostrovsky [Alexander Ostrovsky], Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers), dies at 63
  • 1886-08-17 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (discoverer of hexamine (1859)), dies at 57
  • 1886-12-14 Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, Polish-Russian composer, dies at 27
  • 1887-02-27 Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and scientist, dies at 53
  • 1887-03-08 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian/critic, dies at 73 (b. 1813)
  • 1887-03-24 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, dies at 49
  • 1887-04-11 Pyotr Petrovich Sokal'sky, Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1888-03-24 Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
  • 1888-11-01 Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
  • 1889-01-27 Ivan Aksakov, Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh), dies at 65
  • 1889-02-26 Karl Davydov, Russian virtuoso cellist, dies at 51
  • 1889-05-10 Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • 1889-10-17 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), dies at 61
  • 1889-12-12 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
  • 1890-03-20 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, dies at 65
  • 1891-02-10 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)
  • 1891-05-08 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59
  • 1891-09-27 Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (b. 1812)
  • 1892-12-03 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet, dies at 71
  • 1893-08-17 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52 [NS=8/29]
  • 1893-08-29 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52 [OS=8/17]

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

1893-11-06 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer of the late-Romantic period (1812 Overture; The Nutcracker; Swan Lake), dies of suspected cholera at 53

  • 1893-12-14 Karolina Pawlowa, Russian poet & novelist, dies at 86
  • 1894-01-13 Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky, dies of tuberculosis at 62
  • 1894-03-12 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • 1894-07-08 Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov, Russian composer, dies at 67
  • 1894-11-20 Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (Dmitri Donskoi), dies at 64
  • 1894-12-08 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
  • 1896-05-27 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
  • 1896-07-06 Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin, Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1896-08-30 Alexei Lobanov-Rostovsky, Russian statesman (b. 1824)
  • 1897-03-20 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, dies at 76
  • 1897-10-08 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, dies at 67
  • 1898-06-03 Nikolai Afanisev, Russian composer, dies at 77
  • 1898-07-20 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, dies at 86
  • 1898-10-30 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky Russian poet (Stichotvorenija), dies at 78
  • 1898-12-16 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and art collector, dies at 65
  • 1900-05-05 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • 1900-06-29 Ivan Pervushin, Russian mathematician (number theory), dies at 73
  • 1900-08-04 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • 1901-03-10 Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell, Russian composer, dies at 38
  • 1901-11-22 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), dies at 61
  • 1902-04-06 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), dies at 58
  • 1902-04-08 Dmitry Sipyagain, Russian Minister of Interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated by a Socialist-Revolutionary at 49
  • 1902-07-14 Mark Antokolski, Russian French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1903-06-11 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1904-04-13 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies at 61
  • 1904-05-16 N I Bobrikov, Russian governor-general in Finland, dies
  • 1904-07-28 Vyacheslav von Plehve, Russian Minister of the Interior, killed by Jewish revolutionaries after a bomb is thrown at his carriage, dies at 58
  • 1904-10-17 Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, dies at 32
  • 1905-02-13 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), dies at 60
  • 1905-11-08 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, dies at 35
  • 1906-01-13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1906-02-25 Anton Arensky, Russian composer and conductor, dies of tuberculosis at 44
  • 1906-04-10 Georgi Gapon, Russian-orthodox clergyman, and tsarist infromant agent, dies at 36

Dmitri Mendeleev

1907-02-02 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, dies at 72

  • 1907-03-23 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, dies at 79
  • 1907-03-28 Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1908-01-09 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908-01-25 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • 1908-06-21 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (Sheherazade), dies at 64 (OS 8 Jun)
  • 1908-11-20 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), dies at 40
  • 1909-01-14 Zinovy Rozhestvensky, Russian imperial navy admiral (Battle of Tsushima), dies at 60
  • 1909-11-30 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and translator, dies at 53 [NS=Dec 13]
  • 1909-12-11 Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • 1909-12-13 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • 1910-02-16 Albert Heinrich Zabel, German-Russian harpist and composer, dies at 75
  • 1910-04-14 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1910-05-29 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej; Tamara), dies at 73
  • 1910-07-24 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (b. 1841)
  • 1910-08-15 Constantin Fahlberg, Russian chemist who discovered Saccharin (artificial sweetener), dies at 59 [1]
  • 1910-10-17 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, dies at 60

Leo Tolstoy

1910-11-20 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War & Peace), dies of pneumonia at 82

  • 1911-02-20 Alexander Kopilov, Imperial Russian violinist and composer, dies at 56
  • 1911-09-18 Peter Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), shot and murdered at the Kiev Opera House aged 49
  • 1914-08-15 Anatoly Liadov, Russian composer (Baba yaga), dies at 59
  • 1914-08-30 Alexander Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide after Russian defeat at the Battle of Tannenberg at 54
  • 1915-01-28 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, dies at 68
  • 1915-03-13 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), dies at 65
  • 1915-04-27 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) & pianist, dies at 43
  • 1915-05-21 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (designed the portable mortar), dies in combat at 40
  • 1915-06-19 Sergei Taneyev, Russian pianist and composer (Oresteia), dies at 58
  • 1915-11-27 Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba, Ukrainian-Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1916-01-15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • 1916-02-01 Anton Simon, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1916-02-15 Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky, Russian diplomat and composer, dies at 73
  • 1916-03-19 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1916-05-17 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)
  • 1916-07-15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), dies of heart failure at 71
  • 1916-08-05 Nikolay Ivanovich Kazanli, Russian composer, dies at 46
  • 1916-08-29 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), dies at 64
  • 1916-12-27 Nicolai Soloviev, Russian music critic and composer, dies at 70

AssassinationGrigori Rasputin

1916-12-29 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, assassinated by conservative Russian aristocrats at 47

  • 1917-02-13 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer, dies at 48
  • 1917-04-18 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist, dies at 59
  • 1917-12-08 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian writer (b. 1836)