Russian History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 859

  • 1905-07-08 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1905-07-24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-08-05 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905-08-19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • 1905-09-05 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • 1905-10-20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • 1905-10-20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland
  • 1905-10-26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-10-30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)
  • 1905-11-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners
  • 1905-11-10 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • 1905-11-16 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906-02-08 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; confusion because no declaration of war given
  • 1906-05-02 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat
  • 1906-05-06 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)

  • 1906-05-10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • 1906-06-14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1906-11-22 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1907-03-05 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1907-06-16 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities
  • 1907-07-30 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907-08-03 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907-08-31 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente
  • 1907-09-05 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain
  • 1907-11-14 The Third Duma (Parliament) meets in Russia; following Tsar Nicholas II's limiting of the franchise, a conservative majority holds sway and suppresses the radical elements
  • 1908-06-09 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia
  • 1908-06-23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • 1908-09-09 Russia takes part of Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1909-02-23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
  • 1909-03-18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1909-10-24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
  • 1910-01-21 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1910-06-30 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1910-07-04 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1910-11-04 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East
  • 1911-01-03 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake

  • 1911-05-12 American economic expert W Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911-09-14 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime has been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1911-11-11 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913-05-13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
  • 1913-08-27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • 1913-11-26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-01-16 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1914-02-21 In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-07-31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1914-08-01 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WWI) of Russia in WWI
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
  • 1914-08-26 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
  • 1914-08-28 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • 1914-08-29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, Gen Martos caught
  • 1914-08-30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army, ca. 170,000 killed or injured, German victory on Eastern Front
  • 1914-09-01 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-09-04 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1914-09-05 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914-10-06 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1914-11-02 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914-12-15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1914-12-28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915-01-04 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • 1915-01-17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • 1915-01-31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1915-02-07 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • 1915-02-21 Russian 20th Army corps surrenders to the German 10th Army after being surrounded
  • 1915-04-20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1915-08-23 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 1915-08-26 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1915-09-05 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership
  • 1915-10-19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1915-12-12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • 1915-12-20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • 1916-01-10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • 1916-02-16 Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • 1916-02-26 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
  • 1916-06-04 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • 1916-06-25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • 1916-07-02 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1916-08-10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 1916-10-14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1916-11-01 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • 1916-11-16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000
  • 1917-01-13 Ammunitions ship explosion at Ekonomiia port near Archangel, Russia kills many and injures hundreds
  • 1917-02-18 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1917-02-26 Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies [NS Mar 11]

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,183

  • 1869-12-22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1870-04-14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1870-04-22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1870-05-04 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1870-07-20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • 1870-08-01 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1870-08-26 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • 1870-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)
  • 1870-09-07 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • 1870-10-22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet/novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933)
  • 1871-03-04 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1871-08-21 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1872-01-06 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1872-01-15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1872-01-24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872-03-08 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1940)
  • 1872-03-19 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • 1872-03-31 Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet)
  • 1872-06-06 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1872-10-06 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • 1872-12-16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • 1873-02-11 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1873-03-20 Sergei V Rachmaninov, Russian/US pianist/composer (Aleko) [NS=Apr 1]
  • 1873-04-01 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)
  • 1873-07-17 Antonina Neshdanova, Russian soprano (Rigoletto)
  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1873-09-26 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, born in Kishenev, Bessarabia Governorate (d. 1949)
  • 1873-11-24 L Martov, [Yuly O Tsederbaum], Russian revolutionary
  • 1873-12-01 Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
  • 1874-02-09 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), born in Penza Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1874-03-18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1874-07-10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1874-07-25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1874-07-26 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symp), born in Vyshny Volochyok, Russia (d. 1951)
  • 1874-10-09 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1874-11-04 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • 1875-01-11 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1875-02-06 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)
  • 1875-08-02 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1875-08-23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • 1875-10-24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1875-11-19 Michael I Kalinin, Russian metal worker/head of state
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-02-21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • 1876-07-17 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • 1876-07-29 Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian actress (The Wolf Man, Waterloo Bridge), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1876-08-16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1876-11-19 Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (d. 1964)
  • 1877-06-24 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren)
  • 1877-11-09 Sergei US Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1878-03-04 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • 1878-03-07 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1878-08-15 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron/general (White Armies, WW II)

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

1878-12-18 Joseph Stalin, Dictator and General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1941-53), born in Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1953)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1879-01-19 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1879-06-24 Agrippina J Vaganova, Russian ballet dancer
  • 1879-08-18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1879-11-06 Eugen Varga, Hungarian-Russian economist and politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1964)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1879-11-07 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1880-04-26 Mikhail Fokine, Russian choreographer/founder of modern dance
  • 1880-08-23 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1880-10-13 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1880-10-26 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1880-10-30 Abram F Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal)
  • 1880-11-16 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat) [NS=11/28]
  • 1880-11-28 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat) [OS=11/16]
  • 1880-12-05 Alexander Schmuller, Russian/Neth violinist/conductor
  • 1881-02-12 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1881-04-18 Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter
  • 1881-04-22 Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
  • 1881-05-04 Aleksander Kerensky, Russian premier (1917), born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1881-06-03 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1881-06-04 Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (d. 1962)
  • 1881-10-07 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1882-01-04 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1943)
  • 1882-01-06 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (d. 1949)
  • 1882-01-21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
  • 1882-01-22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1882-04-23 Albert Coates, English conductor and composer (Eagle), born in St Petersburg, Russia

Person of interestIgor Stravinsky

1882-06-17 Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (Rite of Spring), born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1971) [OS 5th June]

Composer Igor Stravinsky
Igor Stravinsky
  • 1882-10-02 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, born in Zlatoust, Ufa Governorate Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883-01-08 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1883-01-10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj) [NS]
  • 1883-02-01 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1883-04-01 Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor
  • 1883-04-13 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1883-06-21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1883-08-19 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, born in Tartu, Estonia, Imperial Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1883-09-11 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1883-10-22 Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • 1883-12-09 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1883-12-10 Andrej J Vysjinski, Russian lawyer/foreign min/UN-ambassador
  • 1884-01-13 Sophie Tucker, [Kalish] "last of red hot mammas", Russian-born American singer, born in Tulchyn, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1884-01-29 Juhan Aavic, Estonian composer, born in Holstre, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1884-02-01 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian novelist/playwright (We)
  • 1884-02-12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • 1884-07-16 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1884-12-10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian-born painter (d. 1967)
  • 1885-11-09 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 747

  • 1930-09-29 Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1931-01-21 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, dies at 67
  • 1931-01-23 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies from pneumonia at 49
  • 1931-02-12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • 1931-07-15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian economist (b. 1868)
  • 1931-09-10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • 1932-03-20 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist (artificial insemination of animals), dies at 61
  • 1932-05-01 Paul Doumer, President France (1931-32), assassin by Russia's Paul Gargalov
  • 1932-07-05 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, dies at 51
  • 1932-07-07 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), dies at 51
  • 1933-01-06 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, dies at 84
  • 1933-01-12 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, dies at 71
  • 1933-03-29 Alexander Schmuller, Russian/Dutch violinist/conductor, dies at 52
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58
  • 1934-01-08 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), dies at 53
  • 1934-05-02 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, dies at 59
  • 1934-05-11 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (b. 1852)
  • 1934-06-11 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1934-09-12 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • 1935-01-28 Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer, dies at 75
  • 1935-06-07 Ivan V Mitsjoerin, Russian botanist, dies

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

1936-02-27 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), dies at 86

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1936-06-18 Maxim Gorky, [Alexei M Peshkov], Russian writer (Mother), dies at 68

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1936-08-25 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, dies at 52
  • 1937-02-05 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • 1937-03-10 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1937-09-10 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, executed by Stalinist regime at 47
  • 1938-03-13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • 1938-04-12 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • 1938-04-15 Caesar Vallejo, Peru/French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • 1938-07-18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1938-07-29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1938-08-07 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • 1938-08-25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1938-09-24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1938-11-19 Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (b. 1866)
  • 1939-02-07 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1939-02-15 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1939-02-27 Nadezjda K Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1939-05-11 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1940-01-27 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
  • 1940-03-10 Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1940-03-29 Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(b. 1916)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1940-08-21 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, dies at 68
  • 1941-03-15 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, dies at 77
  • 1941-08-31 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), committed suicide at 48
  • 1941-10-26 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (b. 1904)
  • 1941-12-03 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (b. 1883)
  • 1941-12-09 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1941-12-19 L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
  • 1941-12-20 Igor Severyanin, Russian poet (b. 1887)
  • 1941-12-30 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
  • 1942-02-02 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, dies of starvation during the siege of Leningrad at 36
  • 1942-02-07 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1942-04-24 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • 1942-08-18 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech-Russian composer and pianist (Ogelala), dies at 48
  • 1942-08-22 Mikhailmichel Fokine, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer, dies
  • 1942-10-18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1943-02-17 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • 1943-03-28 Sergei Vasilievitch Rachmaninov, Russian composer and pianist, dies at 69
  • 1943-04-15 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1882)
  • 1943-05-24 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • 1943-08-18 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, dies at 78
  • 1944-01-23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • 1944-02-04 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (b. 1872)
  • 1944-02-11 Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • 1944-04-09 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1944-06-27 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • 1944-11-27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • 1944-12-13 Vassily Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter, dies at 78
  • 1945-01-06 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • 1945-02-22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1945-02-23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • 1945-05-25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1945-07-12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1945-10-26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • 1946-07-08 Aleksander V Aleksandrov, Russian composer/conductor, dies at 63
  • 1946-08-01 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • 1946-08-30 Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • 1946-09-13 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, dies at 71
  • 1946-12-17 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • 1947-01-17 Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)
  • 1947-08-08 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1947-10-02 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1947-11-17 Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1947-12-13 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, dies at 73
  • 1948-02-11 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50
  • 1948-06-01 Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • 1949-03-17 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1949-05-22 Hans Erich Pfitzner, Russian/German composer, dies at 80
  • 1949-05-24 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, dies at 75
  • 1949-07-16 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, dies at 83
  • 1950-01-28 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)
  • 1950-05-26 Antonina Neshdanova, Russian soprano (Bolshoi Theater), dies
  • 1951-01-05 Andrei P Platonov, Russian author (Prok, Kotlovan), dies at 51
  • 1951-02-28 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, dies at 50
  • 1951-11-05 Agrippina J Vaganova, Russian ballet dancer/pegagoge, dies at 72