Russian History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 892

  • 1904-10-22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 1905-01-02 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia

Russia1905 Russian Revolution

1905-01-22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-01-29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • 1905-03-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts
  • 1905-05-08 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1905-05-26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

Battle of InterestBattle of Tsushima

1905-05-27 Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the only decisive clash between modern steel battleships in history
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-06-08 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1905-06-27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1905-06-30 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905-06-30 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905-07-08 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1905-07-24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers
  • 1905-08-05 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York

  • 1905-08-19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • 1905-09-05 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • 1905-10-20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • 1905-10-20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland
  • 1905-10-26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-10-30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)
  • 1905-11-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners
  • 1905-11-10 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • 1905-11-16 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906-02-08 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; confusion because no declaration of war given
  • 1906-05-02 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat
  • 1906-05-06 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • 1906-05-10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • 1906-06-14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1906-11-22 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1907-03-05 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1907-06-16 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities
  • 1907-07-30 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907-08-03 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907-08-31 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente
  • 1907-09-05 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain
  • 1907-11-14 The Third Duma (Parliament) meets in Russia; following Tsar Nicholas II's limiting of the franchise, a conservative majority holds sway and suppresses the radical elements
  • 1908-06-09 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • 1908-06-23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade

RussiaTunguska Fireball

1908-06-30 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1909-02-23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
  • 1909-03-18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1909-10-24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
  • 1910-01-21 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1910-06-30 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1910-07-04 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1910-11-04 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East
  • 1911-01-03 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • 1911-05-12 American economic expert W Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911-09-14 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime has been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1911-11-11 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913-05-13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • 1913-08-27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • 1913-11-26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-01-16 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1914-02-21 In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-07-31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1914-08-01 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WWI) of Russia in WWI
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1914-08-26 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army

German General Erich Ludendorff
German General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1914-08-28 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • 1914-08-29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
  • 1914-08-30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army, ca. 170,000 killed or injured, German victory on Eastern Front
  • 1914-09-01 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-09-04 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1914-09-05 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914-10-06 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1914-11-02 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914-12-15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1914-12-28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915-01-04 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • 1915-01-17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • 1915-01-31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1915-02-07 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • 1915-02-21 Russian 20th Army corps surrenders to the German 10th Army after being surrounded
  • 1915-04-20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1915-08-23 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 1915-08-26 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1915-09-05 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership
  • 1915-10-19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1915-12-12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,413

  • 1863-01-17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • 1863-02-17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1863-03-01 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1863-03-12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1863-04-19 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • 1863-07-26 Jāzeps Vītols, Latvian composer, born in Valmiera, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1863-07-26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1863-07-28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
  • 1863-08-15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1863-08-30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1863-10-03 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1863-10-09 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1864-01-09 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1864-01-10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1864-03-13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • 1864-10-25 Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1956)
  • 1864-10-28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-04-23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1865-06-26 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1865-08-10 Alexander K Glazunov, composer (Chopiniana), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1865-09-11 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1865-12-19 Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
  • 1866-02-24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1866-02-28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1866-03-14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1866-05-10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • 1866-12-04 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1867-06-15 Konstantin Balmont, Russian writer, born in Gumnishchi, Shuya (d. 1945)
  • 1867-09-25 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1867-10-25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1867-11-21 Vladimir N Ipatiev, Russian chemist
  • 1867-12-05 Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman, born in Zułów, Russian Empire (d. 1935)

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1868-03-28 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1868-04-16 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1868-04-28 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)

Person of interestNicholas II

1868-05-18 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

  • 1868-08-07 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)

Person of interestGrigori Rasputin

1869-01-21 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, born in Pokrovskoye, Sibera, Russian Empire (d. 1916)

  • 1869-02-23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1869-02-26 Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • 1869-04-05 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1869-05-05 Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
  • 1869-06-27 Emma Goldman, American anarchist and publisher (Mother Earth), born in Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1869-08-14 Armas Järnefelt, Finnish conductor and composer (Berceuse), born in Vyborg, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1869-12-22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1870-04-14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1870-04-22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1870-05-04 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1870-07-20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • 1870-08-01 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1870-08-26 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • 1870-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)
  • 1870-09-07 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • 1870-10-22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet/novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933)
  • 1871-03-04 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1871-08-21 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1872-01-06 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1872-01-15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1872-01-24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872-03-08 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1940)
  • 1872-03-19 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • 1872-03-31 Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet)
  • 1872-04-04 Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1872-06-06 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1872-10-06 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • 1872-12-16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • 1873-02-11 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1873-03-20 Sergei V Rachmaninov, Russian/US pianist/composer (Aleko) [NS=Apr 1]
  • 1873-04-01 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)
  • 1873-05-15 Nikolay Tcherepnin, Russian composer of ballets, born in St Petersburg, Russia [OS: 03/05]
  • 1873-07-17 Antonina Neshdanova, Russian soprano (Rigoletto)
  • 1873-07-20 Witold Maliszewski, Polish composer (Rector of Odessa Conservatory), born in Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1873-09-26 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, born in Kishenev, Bessarabia Governorate (d. 1949)
  • 1873-11-24 L Martov, [Yuly O Tsederbaum], Russian revolutionary
  • 1873-12-01 Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
  • 1874-02-09 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), born in Penza Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1874-02-15 Emilis Melngailis, Latvian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Vidriži, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1874-03-18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1874-06-16 Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky, composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1936)
  • 1874-07-10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1874-07-25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1874-07-26 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symp), born in Vyshny Volochyok, Russia (d. 1951)
  • 1874-10-09 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1874-11-04 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • 1875-01-11 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1875-02-06 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)
  • 1875-08-02 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1875-08-23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • 1875-10-24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1875-11-07 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • 1875-11-19 Michael I Kalinin, Russian metal worker/head of state
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-02-21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • 1876-07-17 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • 1876-07-29 Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian actress (The Wolf Man, Waterloo Bridge), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1876-08-16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1876-11-19 Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (d. 1964)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 858

  • 1920-06-20 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • 1920-11-08 Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1921-02-08 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1921-08-07 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), dies at 40
  • 1921-08-24 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (b. 1886)
  • 1921-12-25 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), dies at 68
  • 1922-02-24 Dmitri B. Shostakovich, father of Russian composer Dmitri D S, dies
  • 1922-03-27 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, dies at 63
  • 1922-05-29 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), dies of cancer at 39
  • 1922-06-28 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, dies at 36
  • 1922-07-20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1922-10-01 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1923-05-10 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • 1923-06-26 Edward Rae, cricketer (introduced cricket into Russian Lapland), dies
  • 1923-11-26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-French-Italian writer, dies at 60

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1924-01-21 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1924-05-08 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), dies at 23
  • 1924-05-25 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 35
  • 1924-08-17 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1924-10-09 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1924-11-08 Sergei Lyapunov, Russian composer and pianist, dies at 64
  • 1924-12-28 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, dis at 58
  • 1925-03-23 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1925-05-13 Boris V Savinkov, Russian writer/terrorist, dies
  • 1925-09-16 Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1925-12-25 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, dies at 30
  • 1925-12-27 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet, dies at 30
  • 1926-02-02 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
  • 1926-04-19 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1926-05-21 Georgy Catoire, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1926-05-30 Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1926-06-18 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, dies at 74
  • 1926-06-23 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1927-03-03 Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1927-05-28 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1927-11-17 Adolf A Joffe, Russian author/diplomat, commits suicide at 44
  • 1927-12-14 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1927-12-25 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian Foreign minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1928-04-07 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, dies at 54
  • 1928-04-25 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron general, dies at 49
  • 1928-10-13 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, dies at 80
  • 1929-01-06 Nicolas Nikolayevitch, grand-duke of Russia, dies at 72
  • 1929-08-19 Sergei P Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet), dies at 57
  • 1930-04-04 Vladimir Majakovski, Russian poet, dies
  • 1930-04-14 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), dies at 36
  • 1930-04-17 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1930-09-29 Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1931-01-21 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, dies at 67
  • 1931-01-23 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies from pneumonia at 49
  • 1931-02-12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • 1931-07-15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian economist (b. 1868)
  • 1931-09-10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • 1932-03-20 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist (artificial insemination of animals), dies at 61
  • 1932-05-01 Paul Doumer, President France (1931-32), assassin by Russia's Paul Gargalov
  • 1932-07-05 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, dies at 51
  • 1932-07-07 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), dies at 51
  • 1932-10-19 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, dies at 72
  • 1932-11-09 Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Russian 2nd wife of Joseph Stalin, commits suicide at 31
  • 1933-01-06 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, dies at 84
  • 1933-01-12 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, dies at 71
  • 1933-03-17 Ferdinand Von Alten, German-Russian actor (Champagne), dies at 48
  • 1933-03-29 Alexander Schmuller, Russian-Dutch violinist and conductor, dies at 52
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58
  • 1934-01-08 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), dies at 53
  • 1934-05-02 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, dies at 59
  • 1934-05-11 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist and honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), dies at 81
  • 1934-06-11 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1934-09-12 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • 1935-01-28 Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer, dies at 75
  • 1935-06-07 Ivan V Mitsjoerin, Russian botanist, dies
  • 1935-09-19 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian pioneer in rocket and space research, dies at 78

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

1936-02-27 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), dies at 86

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1936-06-18 Maxim Gorky, [Alexei M Peshkov], Russian writer (Mother), dies at 68

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1936-08-25 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, dies at 52
  • 1937-02-05 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • 1937-03-10 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1937-09-10 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, executed by Stalinist regime at 47
  • 1937-10-26 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, dies at 70
  • 1937-11-10 Nikolai Batalov, Russian actor (Tretya meshchanskaya, Mother), dies from tuberculosis at 37
  • 1938-02-06 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, dies at 77
  • 1938-03-13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • 1938-04-12 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • 1938-04-15 Caesar Vallejo, Peru/French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • 1938-07-18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1938-07-29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1938-08-07 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • 1938-08-25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1938-09-24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1938-11-19 Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (b. 1866)
  • 1939-02-07 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1939-02-15 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1939-02-27 Nadezjda K Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1939-05-11 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1940-01-27 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
  • 1940-03-10 Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1940-03-29 Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(b. 1916)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1940-08-21 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, dies at 68