Russian History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 1,138

  • 1904-03-06 The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific
  • 1904-03-28 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • 1904-04-13 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1904-04-26 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1904-05-26 In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • 1904-06-14 At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • 1904-07-06 Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan
  • 1904-07-28 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1904-08-10 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • 1904-08-11 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • 1904-08-24 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory
  • 1904-10-15 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1904-10-16 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1904-10-22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship

Nobel Prize

1904-12-10 Ivan Pavlov awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on the physiology of digestion, first Russian to win a Nobel Prize

  • 1905-01-02 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia

1905 Russian Revolution

1905-01-22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'

Historic Event

1905-01-29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • 1905-03-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts
  • 1905-05-08 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1905-05-26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

Battle of Tsushima

1905-05-27 Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the only decisive clash between modern steel battleships in history

Historic Event

1905-06-08 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1905-06-27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1905-06-30 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905-06-30 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905-07-08 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1905-07-24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers
  • 1905-08-05 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York
  • 1905-08-19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • 1905-09-05 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • 1905-10-20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • 1905-10-20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland
  • 1905-10-26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-10-30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)
  • 1905-11-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners
  • 1905-11-10 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • 1905-11-16 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906-05-02 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat
  • 1906-05-06 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • 1906-05-10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • 1906-06-14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1906-07-23 Pogroms against Jews in Odessa, Russia
  • 1906-11-22 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1907-03-05 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1907-06-16 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities
  • 1907-07-30 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907-08-03 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907-08-31 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente

Meeting of Interest

1907-09-05 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain

  • 1907-11-14 The Third Duma (Parliament) meets in Russia; following Tsar Nicholas II's limiting of the franchise, a conservative majority holds sway and suppresses the radical elements
  • 1908-06-09 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia
  • 1908-06-23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade

Was Mystery Blast Caused by Aliens?

1908-06-30 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history

Historic Event

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

  • 1909-02-23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
  • 1909-03-18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1909-10-24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
  • 1910-01-21 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1910-07-04 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1910-11-04 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East
  • 1911-01-03 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • 1911-05-12 American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911-09-14 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1911-11-11 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War

Historic Event

1913-05-13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

  • 1913-08-27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • 1913-09-09 Russian pilot Pyotr Nesterov becomes the first pilot to fly a loop, doing so in his Nieuport IV monoplane; he is arrested for ten days for endangering government property
  • 1913-11-26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers

Historic Event

1914-01-16 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

  • 1914-02-21 In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilization in response to Austria-Hungary's mobilization a few days earlier; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Historic Event

1914-07-31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

  • 1914-08-01 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia

Victory in Battle

1914-08-26 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Second army

  • 1914-08-28 World War I: Third day of Battle of Tannenberg, near Allenstein, East Prussia (present-day Poland); violent German vs. Russian battles
  • 1914-08-29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Second Army panics, General Martos caught
  • 1914-08-30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) in East Prussia ends in destruction of the Russian Second Army with 122,000-170,000 killed, injured or captured by the German 8th Army led by Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff
  • 1914-09-01 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-09-04 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1914-09-05 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914-10-06 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1914-11-02 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914-12-15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1914-12-28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915-01-04 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,824

  • 1858-02-26 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1858-03-07 Nikolai Artzibushev, Russian composer, born in Tsarskoye Selo (d. 1937)
  • 1858-11-11 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, born in Gavrontsi, Russian Empire (d. 1884)
  • 1858-12-11 Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director, born in Ozurgeti, Georgia (d. 1943)
  • 1858-12-23 Vladimir Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright (Life in Russian Theater), born in Shemokmedi, Georgia (d. 1943)
  • 1859-01-24 Alexander Alexandrovich Ilyinsky, Russian composer (The Fountain of Bakhchisaray), born in Tsarskoye Selo, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1859-02-04 Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • 1859-03-02 Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz], Yiddish author and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof, Tevye the Dairyman), born in Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1859-03-16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1859-03-26 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1859-10-26 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1859-11-14 Alexander Samsonov, Russian general (Battle of Tennenberg), born in Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1914)
  • 1859-11-19 Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer and musician (Armenian Rhapsody), born in Gatchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1859-11-30 Sergei Lyapunov, Russian pianist and composer (Lezghinka), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1924)
  • 1859-12-15 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)

Anton ChekhovAnton Chekhov (1860-1904)

1860-01-29 Russian author and playwright (Cherry Orchard, Uncle Vanya), born in Taganrog, Russia

  • 1860-03-15 Waldemar Haffkine, Ukrainian bacteriologist (1st to develop and use vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague), born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1930)
  • 1860-07-28 Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia, born in Peterhof Palace, Empire of Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1860-08-30 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1900)
  • 1860-09-10 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, born in Tula, Russia (d. 1938)

Ignacy Jan PaderewskiIgnacy Jan Paderewski (1860-1941)

1860-11-18 Polish pianist, composer and statesman (Prime Minister of Poland, 1919), born in Kuryłówka, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)

  • 1861-02-12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • 1861-04-27 Georgy Catoire, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1926)
  • 1861-06-11 Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba, Ukrainian-Russian composer, born in Zhytomyr, Ukraine (d. 1915)
  • 1861-07-12 Anton Arensky, Russian composer, born in Novgorod, Russia (d. 1906)
  • 1861-07-29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • 1861-10-29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter, born in Borisoglebsk Uyezd (d. 1904)
  • 1861-11-16 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, born in Kladno, Bohemia (d. 1933)
  • 1861-11-23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1861-12-19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • 1862-03-02 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1862-03-13 Vasiliy Metallov, Russian composer and musical historian, born in Saratov, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1862-04-14 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1862-05-19 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
  • 1862-06-25 Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1862-07-18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1862-09-30 Georgy Eduardovich Konyus (Conus), Russian composer, and music theorist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1933)
  • 1862-12-26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-Italian journalist, newspaper editor, novelist, and historian, born in Kaluga, Russia (d. 1923)
  • 1863-01-17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • 1863-02-17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1863-03-01 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1863-03-12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1863-04-19 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • 1863-06-17 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • 1863-07-26 Jāzeps Vītols, Latvian composer, born in Valmiera, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1863-07-26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1863-07-28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
  • 1863-08-15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1863-08-30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1863-10-03 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1863-10-09 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1864-01-09 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1864-01-10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1864-03-13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • 1864-04-30 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)

Alexander GretchaninovAlexander Gretchaninov (1864-1956)

1864-10-25 Russian-American Romantic composer, born in Moscow, Russia

  • 1864-10-28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-01-31 Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, born in Toropets District, Pskov, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1865-03-03 Alexander Winkler, Russian composer, born in Kharkiv, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1935)
  • 1865-04-23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1865-06-26 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1865-08-07 Micha Josef Berdyczewski, Jewish writer, born in Medzhybizh, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1865-08-10 Alexander Glazunov, Russian pianist, composer (Chopiniana; Stenka Razin), and educator (St Petersburg Conservatory, 1899-1930), born in St.Petersburg, Russia (d. 1936)
  • 1865-09-11 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1866-02-24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1866-02-28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1866-03-14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1866-05-10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • 1866-05-31 Vladimir Rebikov, Russian pianist and composer, born in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1866-12-04 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)

Carl Gustaf Emil MannerheimCarl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (1867-1951)

1867-06-04 Finnish general and 6th President of Finland (1944-46), born in Askainen, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire

  • 1867-06-15 Konstantin Balmont, Russian writer, born in Gumnishchi, Shuya (d. 1945)
  • 1867-09-25 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1867-10-25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1867-11-21 Vladimir Ipatieff, Russian-American chemist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1952)

Józef PiłsudskiJózef Piłsudski (1867-1935)

1867-12-05 Father of the Second Polish Republic who served as its Chief of State (1918-22), Marshall of Poland and later its de facto leader (1926-35), born in Zułów, Russian Empire

Maxim GorkyMaxim Gorky (1868-1936)

1868-03-28 Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

  • 1868-03-28 Wojciech Gawroński, Polish pianist and composer, born in Sejmany, Russian Empire [now Lithuania] (d. 1910)
  • 1868-04-16 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1868-04-28 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)

Nicholas IINicholas II (1868-1918)

1868-05-18 last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia

  • 1868-08-07 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (Poisson distribution) and economist, born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)

Grigori RasputinGrigori Rasputin (1869-1916)

1869-01-21 Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, born in Pokrovskoye, Sibera, Russian Empire

  • 1869-02-10 Vasily Kalafati, Russian composer (Cygany), born in Yevpatoria, Crimea (d. 1942)
  • 1869-02-23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1869-02-26 Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary and wife of Vladimir Lenin, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1869-04-05 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1869-05-05 Hans Pfitzner, German composer (Palestrina), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1949)
  • 1869-06-27 Emma Goldman, American anarchist and publisher (Mother Earth), born in Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1869-08-14 Armas Järnefelt, Finnish conductor and composer (Berceuse), born in Vyborg, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1869-12-17 Nikolai Ivanovich Kazanli, Russian composer, born in Tiraspol, Russian Empire (now Moldova) (d. 1916)
  • 1869-12-22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1870-01-06 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1870-02-13 Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American pianist, composer (Java Suite; Triakontameron; 53 Studies on Chopin's Études), and pedagogue, born in Žasliai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania), (d. 1938)
  • 1870-04-14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1905)

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin (1870-1924)

1870-04-22 Russian Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader (1917-24), born in Simbirsk, Russia

  • 1870-05-04 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1870-07-18 Emil Młynarski, Polish violinist, conductor and composer, born in Kybartai, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1935)
  • 1870-07-20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 1,100

  • 1918-02-07 Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, Russian composer, dies at 68
  • 1918-04-13 Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian military officer, dies at 47
  • 1918-05-30 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, dies at 61
  • 1918-07-17 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian Tsarina (1894-1918), executed by firing squad at 46

Alexei NikolaevichAlexei Nikolaevich (1904-1918)

1918-07-17 last Tsarevich of Russia and son of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13

  • 1918-07-17 Alexei Trupp, Russian footman and assistant of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 62

Anastasia NikolaevnaAnastasia Nikolaevna (1901-1918)

1918-07-17 Russian Grand Duchess, youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, executed at 17 by a group of Bolsheviks

  • 1918-07-17 Anna Demidova, Russian lady in waiting of Tsarina Alexandra, executed at 40
  • 1918-07-17 Eugene Botkin, Russian court physician of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 53
  • 1918-07-17 Ivan Kharitonov, Russian cook of Tsar Nicholas II, executed around the age of 46
  • 1918-07-17 Maria Nikolaevna Russian Grand Duchess, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 19 by a group of Bolsheviks

Nicholas IINicholas II (1868-1918)

1918-07-17 last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in Yekaterinburg, Siberia at 50

  • 1918-07-17 Olga Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, eldest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 22 by a group of Bolsheviks
  • 1918-07-17 Tatiana Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, 2nd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 21 by a group of Bolsheviks
  • 1918-09-03 Fanya Kaplan, Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, executed at 28
  • 1918-09-25 Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (Tsar Nicholas II's Chief of Staff), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1918-10-09 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, murdered at 60
  • 1918-11-03 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), dies at 61
  • 1919-01-01 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general, dies at 39
  • 1919-02-05 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher & writer, dies at 62
  • 1919-02-16 Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
  • 1919-05-21 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
  • 1919-09-12 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), dies at 48
  • 1919-12-27 Achilles Alferaki, Russian composer, dies at 73
  • 1920-02-07 Alexander Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian Imperial Navy Admiral, polar explorer, and anti-communist leader, dies at 45
  • 1920-06-20 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • 1920-08-04 Vladimir Rebikov, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 54
  • 1920-09-24 Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (famous for Fabergé eggs), dies at 74
  • 1920-11-08 Salomon Anski, Russian-Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1921-02-08 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1921-08-07 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), dies at 40
  • 1921-08-24 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet, dies at 35
  • 1921-09-15 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg 'the mad Baron', Baltic-German baron and anti-communist Russian general, executed by the Russian Red Army at 35
  • 1921-12-25 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), dies at 68
  • 1922-02-24 Dmitri B. Shostakovich, father of Russian composer Dmitri D S, dies
  • 1922-03-27 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, dies at 63
  • 1922-05-29 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), dies of cancer at 39
  • 1922-06-28 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, dies at 36
  • 1922-07-20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), dies at 66
  • 1922-10-01 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1923-05-10 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • 1923-06-26 Edward Rae, cricketer (introduced cricket into Russian Lapland), dies
  • 1923-11-26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-Italian journalist, newspaper editor, novelist, and historian, dies at 60

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin (1870-1924)

1924-01-21 Russian Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader (1917-24), dies of a stroke at 53

  • 1924-05-08 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), dies at 23
  • 1924-05-25 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 35
  • 1924-08-17 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1924-10-09 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1924-11-08 Sergei Lyapunov, Russian pianist and composer (Lezghinka), dies at 64
  • 1924-11-16 Alexander Andreyevich Archangel'sky, Russian composer, dies at 78
  • 1924-12-28 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, dis at 58
  • 1925-03-23 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1925-04-07 Saint Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, dies at 60
  • 1925-05-13 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer and revolutionary, dies in prison under mysterious circumstances at 46
  • 1925-09-16 Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1925-10-23 Vyacheslav Gavrilovich Karatigin, Russian composer and music critic, dies at 50
  • 1925-12-25 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, dies at 30
  • 1925-12-27 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet, dies at 30
  • 1926-02-02 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
  • 1926-03-17 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, dies at 72
  • 1926-04-19 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1926-05-21 Georgy Catoire, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1926-05-30 Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1926-06-18 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, dies at 74
  • 1926-06-23 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1926-12-17 Alexander Kastalsky, Russian composer, dies at 70
  • 1927-03-03 Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1927-05-28 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1927-10-20 Mikhail Ivanov, Russian composer, dies at 78
  • 1927-11-17 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), commits suicide at 44
  • 1927-12-14 Julian Sochocki, Russian-Polish mathematician, dies at 85
  • 1927-12-25 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian Foreign minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1928-04-07 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, dies at 54
  • 1928-04-25 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), dies at 49
  • 1928-05-07 Alexander Spendiaryan, Armenian-Soviet conductor and composer (Three Palms; Yerevan Sketches), dies at 56
  • 1928-10-13 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, dies at 80
  • 1929-01-05 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), dies at 72
  • 1929-08-19 Serge Diaghilev, Russian ballet director (founder of the Ballets Russes), dies at 57
  • 1930-04-04 Vladimir Majakovski, Russian poet, dies

Vladimir MayakovskyVladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930)

1930-04-14 Russian poet and playwright (Ode to Revolution, The Bathhouse), commits suicide by shooting himself through the heart at 36

  • 1930-04-17 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1930-09-29 Ilya Repin, Ukrainian-Russian painter (Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks), dies at 86
  • 1931-01-21 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, dies at 67
  • 1931-01-23 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies from pneumonia at 49
  • 1931-02-12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • 1931-07-15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • 1931-09-10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (differential geometry and mathematical analysis), dies at 61
  • 1932-03-20 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist (artificial insemination of animals), dies at 61
  • 1932-05-01 Paul Doumer, President France (1931-32), assassin by Russia's Paul Gargalov
  • 1932-07-05 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, dies at 51
  • 1932-07-07 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), dies at 51
  • 1932-10-19 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, dies at 72
  • 1932-11-09 Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Russian woman who was the 2nd wife of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, commits suicide at 31
  • 1933-01-06 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, dies at 84
  • 1933-01-12 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, dies at 71
  • 1933-03-17 Ferdinand Von Alten, German-Russian actor (Champagne), dies at 48
  • 1933-03-29 Alexander Schmuller, Russian-Dutch violinist and conductor, dies at 52
  • 1933-08-29 Georgy Eduardovich Konyus, Russian composer, and music theorist, dies at 70
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71