Russian History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 878

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1905-03-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

  • 1905-05-08 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1905-05-26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

Battle of InterestBattle of Tsushima

1905-05-27 Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the only decisive clash between modern steel battleships in history

Learn More
Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō on the bridge of Mikasa, at the beginning of the Battle of Tsushima in 1905.
Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō on the bridge of Mikasa, at the beginning of the Battle of Tsushima in 1905.
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905-06-08 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905-06-25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1905-06-27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1905-06-30 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905-06-30 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905-07-08 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1905-07-24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers
  • 1905-08-05 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York
  • 1905-08-19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • 1905-09-05 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • 1905-10-20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • 1905-10-20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • 1905-10-26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905-10-30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)
  • 1905-11-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners
  • 1905-11-10 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • 1905-11-16 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1905-11-22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906-02-08 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; confusion because no declaration of war given
  • 1906-05-02 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat
  • 1906-05-06 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • 1906-05-10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • 1906-06-14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1906-11-22 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1907-03-05 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops
  • 1907-06-16 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities
  • 1907-07-30 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907-08-03 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1907-08-31 Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet
  • 1907-08-31 Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1907-09-05 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • 1907-11-14 The Third Duma (Parliament) meets in Russia; following Tsar Nicholas II's limiting of the franchise, a conservative majority holds sway and suppresses the radical elements

  • 1908-06-09 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia
  • 1908-06-23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade

RussiaTunguska Fireball

1908-06-30 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history

Learn More
Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1909-02-23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
  • 1909-03-18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1909-03-21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1909-03-26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1909-10-24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
  • 1910-01-21 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1910-06-30 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1910-07-04 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1910-11-04 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East
  • 1911-01-03 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • 1911-05-12 American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911-09-14 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1911-11-11 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1913-05-07 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913-05-13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky

  • 1913-08-27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • 1913-11-26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-01-16 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1914-02-21 In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • 1914-07-05 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 1914-07-29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • 1914-07-29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-07-31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1914-08-01 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1914-08-26 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1914-08-28 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • 1914-08-29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
  • 1914-08-30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army, ca. 170,000 killed or injured, German victory on Eastern Front
  • 1914-09-01 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • 1914-09-03 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1914-09-04 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace

  • 1914-09-05 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914-10-06 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1914-11-02 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914-12-15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • 1914-12-17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • 1914-12-28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915-01-04 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • 1915-01-17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • 1915-01-31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1915-02-07 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • 1915-02-21 Russian 20th Army corps surrenders to the German 10th Army after being surrounded
  • 1915-04-20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1915-08-23 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 1915-08-26 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1915-09-05 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership
  • 1915-10-19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1915-12-12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • 1915-12-20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • 1916-01-10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • 1916-02-16 Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • 1916-02-26 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah, Persia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,385

  • 1863-07-26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1863-07-28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
  • 1863-08-15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1863-08-30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1863-10-03 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1863-10-09 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1864-01-09 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1864-01-10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1864-03-13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • 1864-10-25 Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1956)
  • 1864-10-28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-01-31 Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, born in Toropets District, Pskov, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1865-04-23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1865-06-26 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1865-08-10 Alexander K Glazunov, composer (Chopiniana), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1865-09-11 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1866-02-24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1866-02-28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1866-03-14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1866-05-10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • 1866-12-04 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1867-06-15 Konstantin Balmont, Russian writer, born in Gumnishchi, Shuya (d. 1945)
  • 1867-09-25 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1867-10-25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, born in Stary Garbów, Poland (d. 1937)
  • 1867-11-21 Vladimir Ipatieff, Russian-American chemist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1952)

Person of interestJózef Piłsudski

1867-12-05 Józef Piłsudski, Father of the Second Polish Republic who served as its Chief of State (1918-22), Marshall of Poland and later its de facto leader (1926-35), born in Zułów, Russian Empire (d. 1935)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1868-03-28 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1868-04-16 Joel Angel, Russian musicologist and composer (d. 1917)
  • 1868-04-28 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)

Person of interestNicholas II

1868-05-18 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

  • 1868-08-07 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (Poisson distribution) and economist, born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)

Person of interestGrigori Rasputin

1869-01-21 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, born in Pokrovskoye, Sibera, Russian Empire (d. 1916)

  • 1869-02-23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1869-02-26 Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary and wife of Vladimir Lenin, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1869-04-05 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1869-05-05 Hans Pfitzner, German composer (Palestrina), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1949)
  • 1869-06-27 Emma Goldman, American anarchist and publisher (Mother Earth), born in Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1869-08-14 Armas Järnefelt, Finnish conductor and composer (Berceuse), born in Vyborg, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1869-12-22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1870-04-14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1905)

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1870-04-22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1870-05-04 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1870-07-20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • 1870-08-01 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1870-08-26 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • 1870-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)
  • 1870-09-07 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • 1870-10-22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • 1871-03-04 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1871-08-21 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1872-01-06 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1872-01-15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, born in Terek Oblast (d. 1944)
  • 1872-01-24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872-03-08 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1940)
  • 1872-03-19 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • 1872-03-31 Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet)
  • 1872-04-04 Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1872-06-06 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1872-10-06 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • 1872-12-16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • 1873-02-11 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1873-03-20 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), born in Oneg or Semyonovo, Russian Empire (d. 1943) [NS=Apr 1]
  • 1873-04-01 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), born in Oneg or Semyonovo, Russian Empire (d. 1943) [OS=Mar 20]
  • 1873-05-15 Nikolay Tcherepnin, Russian composer of ballets, born in St Petersburg, Russia [OS: 03/05]
  • 1873-07-17 Antonina Neshdanova, Russian soprano (Rigoletto)
  • 1873-07-20 Witold Maliszewski, Polish composer (founder and first director of Odessa Conservatory), born in Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1939)
  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1873-09-26 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, born in Kishenev, Bessarabia Governorate (d. 1949)
  • 1873-11-24 L Martov [Yuly O Tsederbaum], Russian revolutionary
  • 1873-12-01 Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
  • 1874-02-09 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), born in Penza Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1874-02-15 Emilis Melngailis, Latvian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Vidriži, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1874-03-18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1874-06-16 Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky, composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1936)
  • 1874-07-10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1874-07-25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1874-07-26 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symphony, 1924-49), born in Vyshny Volochyok, Russia (d. 1951)
  • 1874-10-09 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1874-11-04 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1875-01-11 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1875-02-06 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general & inventor (man-portable mortar), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1875-08-02 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1875-08-23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • 1875-10-24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1875-11-07 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • 1875-11-19 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-02-21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • 1876-07-17 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • 1876-07-29 Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian actress (The Wolf Man, Waterloo Bridge), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1876-08-16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1876-11-19 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • 1877-06-24 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren), born in Moscow (d. 1957)
  • 1877-10-24 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Voskresensk, Moscow Oblast, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1877-11-09 Sergei US Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1877-12-13 Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer, born in Selevyntsi, Podolia, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1878-01-30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (Truth and Justice), born in Vetepere, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1878-03-04 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian esotericist, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1947)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 847

  • 1922-02-24 Dmitri B. Shostakovich, father of Russian composer Dmitri D S, dies
  • 1922-03-27 Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov, Russian composer, dies at 63
  • 1922-05-29 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), dies of cancer at 39
  • 1922-06-28 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, dies at 36
  • 1922-07-20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), dies at 66
  • 1922-10-01 Nikolay Vladimirovich Scherbachov, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 63
  • 1923-05-10 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • 1923-06-26 Edward Rae, cricketer (introduced cricket into Russian Lapland), dies
  • 1923-11-26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-French-Italian writer, dies at 60

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1924-01-21 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1924-05-08 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), dies at 23
  • 1924-05-25 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 35
  • 1924-08-17 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1924-10-09 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1924-11-08 Sergei Lyapunov, Russian pianist and composer (Lezghinka), dies at 64
  • 1924-12-28 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, dis at 58
  • 1925-03-23 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1925-04-07 Saint Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, dies at 60
  • 1925-05-13 Boris V Savinkov, Russian writer/terrorist, dies
  • 1925-09-16 Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1925-12-25 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, dies at 30
  • 1925-12-27 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet, dies at 30
  • 1926-02-02 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
  • 1926-04-19 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1926-05-21 Georgy Catoire, Russian composer, dies at 65
  • 1926-05-30 Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1926-06-18 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, dies at 74
  • 1926-06-23 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1927-03-03 Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1927-05-28 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1927-11-17 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), commits suicide at 44
  • 1927-12-14 Julian Sochocki, Russian-Polish mathematician, dies at 85
  • 1927-12-25 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian Foreign minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1928-04-07 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, dies at 54
  • 1928-04-25 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), dies at 49
  • 1928-10-13 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, dies at 80
  • 1929-01-05 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), dies at 72
  • 1929-08-19 Sergei P Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet), dies at 57
  • 1930-04-04 Vladimir Majakovski, Russian poet, dies
  • 1930-04-14 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), dies at 36
  • 1930-04-17 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1930-09-29 Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1931-01-21 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, dies at 67
  • 1931-01-23 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies from pneumonia at 49
  • 1931-02-12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • 1931-07-15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • 1931-09-10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • 1932-03-20 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist (artificial insemination of animals), dies at 61
  • 1932-05-01 Paul Doumer, President France (1931-32), assassin by Russia's Paul Gargalov
  • 1932-07-05 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, dies at 51
  • 1932-07-07 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), dies at 51
  • 1932-10-19 Arthur Friedheim, Russian composer, dies at 72
  • 1932-11-09 Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Russian woman who was the 2nd wife of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, commits suicide at 31
  • 1933-01-06 Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist, dies at 84
  • 1933-01-12 Václav Suk, Czech-born Russian composer and violinist, dies at 71
  • 1933-03-17 Ferdinand Von Alten, German-Russian actor (Champagne), dies at 48
  • 1933-03-29 Alexander Schmuller, Russian-Dutch violinist and conductor, dies at 52
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58
  • 1934-01-08 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), dies at 53
  • 1934-05-02 Sergey Lebedev, Russian chemist, inventor of first commercially viable, mass-produced polybutadiene synthetic rubber for tires, and synthetic motor oil for aircraft engines, dies at 59
  • 1934-05-11 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist & honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), dies at 81
  • 1934-06-11 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1934-09-12 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • 1935-01-28 Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer and musician (Armenian Rhapsody), dies at 75
  • 1935-06-07 Ivan V Mitsjoerin, Russian botanist, dies
  • 1935-09-19 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian pioneer in rocket and space research, dies at 78

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

1936-02-27 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), dies at 86

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Ivan Pavlov

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1936-06-18 Maxim Gorky [Alexei M Peshkov], Russian writer (Mother), dies at 68

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1936-08-25 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, dies at 52
  • 1937-02-05 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • 1937-03-10 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1937-09-10 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, executed by Stalinist regime at 47
  • 1937-10-26 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, dies at 70
  • 1937-11-10 Nikolai Batalov, Russian actor (Tretya meshchanskaya, Mother), dies from tuberculosis at 37
  • 1938-02-06 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, dies at 77
  • 1938-03-13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • 1938-04-12 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • 1938-04-15 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian-French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • 1938-07-18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1938-07-29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1938-08-07 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • 1938-08-25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1938-09-24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1938-11-19 Lev Shestov, Russian existentialist philosopher, dies at 72
  • 1939-02-07 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1939-02-15 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1939-02-27 Nadezjda K Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1939-05-11 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, executed at 71 after being kidnapped in Paris by Soviet intelligence and taken to Moscow where he was tortured and eventually shot
  • 1940-01-27 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
  • 1940-02-02 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), executed during the Great Purge at 65
  • 1940-03-10 Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1940-03-29 Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England, killed in an a plane crash while training for RAF at 24

MurderLeon Trotsky

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1940-08-21 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, dies at 68
  • 1941-01-02 Mischa Levitzki, Russian-born American pianist & composer (The Enchanted Nymph), dies of a heart attack at 42
  • 1941-03-15 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, dies at 77
  • 1941-07-05 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, dies at 69
  • 1941-08-31 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), committed suicide at 48