Russian History (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 1,138

Victory in Battle

1915-01-17 Battle of Sarikamish ends with a Russian victory over Ottoman forces led by Enver Pasha with loss of over 30,000 men of the Turkish Third Army during Caucasus Campaign

  • 1915-01-17 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
  • 1915-01-31 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1915-02-07 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • 1915-02-21 Russian 20th Army corps surrenders to the German 10th Army after being surrounded
  • 1915-04-20 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
  • 1915-06-03 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1915-08-05 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1915-08-23 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 1915-08-26 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia

Historic Event

1915-09-05 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership

  • 1915-10-19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1915-12-12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • 1915-12-20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • 1916-01-10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • 1916-02-16 Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • 1916-02-26 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah, Persia
  • 1916-06-04 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • 1916-06-25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • 1916-07-02 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1916-08-10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 1916-10-14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1916-11-01 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
  • 1916-11-16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000
  • 1917-01-13 Ammunitions ship explosion at Ekonomiia port near Archangel, Russia kills many and injures hundreds
  • 1917-02-18 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1917-02-26 Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies [NS Mar 11]
  • 1917-03-03 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [OS=Feb 18]
  • 1917-03-08 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]
  • 1917-03-12 [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • 1917-03-15 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]
  • 1917-03-16 Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne [OS Mar 3]
  • 1917-03-22 The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia

Historic Event

1917-04-16 Vladimir Lenin issues his radical "April Theses" calling for Soviets to take power during the Russian Revolution [OS Apr 4]

  • 1917-04-16 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution
  • 1917-06-10 60,000 people of Petrograd Russia welcome Prince Kropotkin (banned 41 years) returning after February Russian Revolution
  • 1917-06-16 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • 1917-06-24 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol

Red October

1917-07-04 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

  • 1917-07-21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • 1917-09-15 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • 1917-10-25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • 1917-11-06 [OS Oct 24] Bolshevik revolution begins with bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd during the Russian October Revolution
  • 1917-11-07 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
  • 1917-11-07 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1917-12-06 Taking advantage of the temporary relaxation of authority in Russia, Finland declares itself a republic, following the Ukraine on 20 November
  • 1917-12-11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1917-12-15 Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1917-12-15 World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers
  • 1918-01-25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1918-02-01 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)

Historic Event

1918-02-10 Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war

  • 1918-02-16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • 1918-02-18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • 1918-02-22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1918-02-24 Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • 1918-03-09 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • 1918-03-12 Fearing foreign invasion Vladimir Lenin shifts revolutionary Russia's capital from Petrograd (St. Petersburg) to Moscow
  • 1918-05-24 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • 1918-05-26 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1918-05-28 The Armenian National Council declares Armenia independent from the Russian Empire
  • 1918-06-29 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • 1918-07-10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms

Execution of the Romanovs

1918-07-17 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia

  • 1918-08-03 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas
  • 1918-08-30 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia
  • 1918-09-04 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • 1918-09-05 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • 1918-10-18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • 1918-11-03 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • 1918-11-13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • 1918-11-18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1919-01-01 Belorussian SSR established
  • 1919-02-03 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaim the government after the 1917 revolution
  • 1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky
  • 1919-05-26 The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
  • 1919-06-09 Red Army captures Ufa in Russia
  • 1919-09-27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • 1919-11-07 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers

Historic Event

1919-12-21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

  • 1920-01-01 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-01-20 Russian Imperial Navy Admiral Alexander Kolchak, leader of anti-communist "White Movement" surrenders to Bolshevik troops
  • 1920-02-02 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • 1920-02-07 Russian Imperial Navy Admiral Kolchak, leader of anti-communist "White Movement" executed by Bolshevik firing squad in Irkutsk, Russian SFSR
  • 1920-03-28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • 1920-05-27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1920-06-06 Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • 1920-08-12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1920-08-25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1920-10-02 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • 1920-11-14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • 1921-02-25 Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia
  • 1921-03-01 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1921-03-07 Red Army under Trotsky attacks sailors of Kronstadt naval base near St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1921-04-11 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1921-08-14 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • 1921-09-21 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 1,823

  • 1870-08-01 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1870-08-26 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • 1870-08-30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)
  • 1870-09-07 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [OS=Aug 26]
  • 1870-10-22 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933), born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1953)
  • 1871-03-04 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1871-08-01 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • 1871-08-21 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1871-11-01 Alexander Spendiaryan, Armenian-Soviet conductor and composer (Three Palms; Yerevan Sketches), born in Kakhovka, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1928)
  • 1872-01-06 Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (Prometheus) and pianist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1872-01-15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, born in Terek Oblast (d. 1944)
  • 1872-01-24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872-03-07 Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov, Russian composer (Rhapsodie hébraïque; Prince Lake), and teacher, born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1964)
  • 1872-03-08 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1940)
  • 1872-03-19 Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet director (founder of the Ballets Russes), born in Gruzino Novgorod, Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1872-03-30 Sergey Vasilenko, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1956)
  • 1872-03-31 Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev, Russian dance master (Imperial Ballet)
  • 1872-04-01 Tadeusz Joteyko, Polish conductor, composer, and musicologist (Zygmunt August), born in Poczujki, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1872-04-04 Nikolai Amani, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1872-06-06 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian Tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1872-10-06 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • 1872-12-16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • 1873-02-11 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1873-02-13 Fyador Chaliapin, Russian operatic bass-baritone (Boris Godunov), born in Kazan, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1873-03-20 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), born in Oneg or Semyonovo, Russian Empire (d. 1943) [NS=Apr 1]
  • 1873-04-01 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3, Vocalise), born in Oneg or Semyonovo, Russian Empire (d. 1943) [OS=Mar 20]
  • 1873-05-15 Nikolay Tcherepnin, Russian composer of ballets, born in St Petersburg, Russia [OS: 03/05]
  • 1873-06-16 Antonina Nezhdanova, Russian soprano (Rigoletto), born in Kryva Balka, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1950)
  • 1873-07-20 Witold Maliszewski, Polish composer (founder and first director of Odessa Conservatory), born in Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1939)
  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1873-09-26 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, born in Kishenev, Bessarabia Governorate (d. 1949)
  • 1873-11-24 L. Martov [Yuly Osipovich Tsederbaum], Russian revolutionary (leader of the Mensheviks), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1923)
  • 1873-12-01 Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
  • 1874-02-09 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), born in Penza Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1874-02-15 Emilis Melngailis, Latvian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Vidriži, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1874-02-23 Konstantin Päts, Estonian Prime Minister (1921-23, 1932-33) and dictator (1933-40), born in Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1874-03-18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1874-06-16 Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky, Russian composer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1936)
  • 1874-07-10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1874-07-25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1874-07-26 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symphony, 1924-49), born in Vyshny Volochyok, Russia (d. 1951)
  • 1874-10-09 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1874-11-04 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1920)

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann (1874-1952)

1874-11-27 Israeli statesman and Zionist leader (1st President of Israel 1949-52), born in Motal, Russian Empire

  • 1875-01-11 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1875-02-06 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general & inventor (man-portable mortar), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1875-03-10 Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser, Russian pianist, and composer (Contrapuntal Sketches), born in Kishinev, Russia (d. 1961)
  • 1875-08-02 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1875-08-23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • 1875-10-24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1875-11-03 Emīls Dārziņš, Latvian composer (Melanholiskais valsis - Melancholic waltz), and music critic, born in Jaunpiebalga, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1875-11-07 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • 1875-11-19 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1876-02-21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • 1876-04-22 Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler and strongman of the early 20th century, born in Väike-Maarja, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1876-05-27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1876-07-17 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • 1876-07-29 Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian actress (The Wolf Man, Waterloo Bridge), born in Tula, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1876-08-16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1876-11-19 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • 1876-12-11 Mieczysław Karłowicz, Polish composer and conductor (Rebirth Symphony, Op. 7), born in Vishnyeva, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1909)
  • 1877-02-13 Jāzeps Mediņš, Latvian composer, born in Kaunas, Latvia, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1877-02-28 Sergei Bortkiewicz, Russian-Austrian composer, pianist, and conductor, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1877-03-04 Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, Russian composer and pianist, born in Moscow (d. 1957)
  • 1877-06-24 Aleksei M. Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren), born in Moscow (d. 1957)
  • 1877-09-15 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, born in Zduńska Wola, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1877-10-24 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Voskresensk, Moscow Oblast, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1877-11-09 Sergei Aleksi [Alexy], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1877-12-13 Mykola Leontovych, Ukrainian composer (Carol of the Bells), born in Selevyntsi, Podolia, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1878-01-30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (Truth and Justice), born in Vetepere, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1878-02-07 Ossip Gabrilovich, Russian-American pianist, conductor (Detroit Symphony, 1918-36), and composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1936)
  • 1878-02-28 Artur Kapp, Estonian organist, composer (Peace Symphony; Paradise and Peri), and educator, born in Suure-Jaani, Russian Empire (now Estonia) (d. 1952)
  • 1878-03-04 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian esotericist, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1878-03-07 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1878-08-13 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • 1878-08-15 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), born in Novalexandrovsk, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1928)

Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin (1878-1953)

1878-12-18 Dictator and General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1922-53), born in Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire

  • 1879-01-19 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1879-05-10 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), born in Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1879-05-22 Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-born actress, scriptwriter, and producer (Blood and Sand), born in Yalta, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879-05-31 Mark Hambourg, Russian-British composer, born in Boguchar, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1879-06-24 Agrippina J. Vaganova, Russian ballet dancer, and pedagogue (Fundamentals of the Classical Dance), born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1879-07-07 Jacob Weinberg, Russian-born Jewish composer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1879-08-18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1879-08-23 Alfrēds Kalniņš, Latvian organist, composer (Baņuta), conductor, and pedagogue, born in Cēsis, Russian Empire (now Latvia) (d. 1951)
  • 1879-10-18 Grzegorz Fitelberg, Polish violinist/conductor/composer, born in Daugavpils, Russian Empire (now Latvia); (d. 1953)
  • 1879-11-06 Eugen Varga, Hungarian-Russian economist and politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1964)

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky (1879-1940)

1879-11-07 Ukrainian-Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yanovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire

  • 1879-11-27 Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1880-01-05 Nikolai Medtner, Russian pianist and composer (Skazi), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1951)
  • 1880-01-06 Yuliya Veysberg, Russian music critic & composer, born in Orenburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1880-04-26 Mikhail Fokine, Russian choreographer and founder of modern dance, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1880-06-26 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, born in Perovo, Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1880-07-26 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1880-08-23 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1880-09-14 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, born in Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1880-10-13 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1880-10-26 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1880-10-29 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), born in Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1960)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 401 - 500 of 1,100

  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58
  • 1934-01-08 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), dies at 53
  • 1934-02-16 Eduard Bagritsky, Russian-Soviet poet and journalist (South-West), dies at 38
  • 1934-05-02 Sergey Lebedev, Russian chemist, inventor of first commercially viable, mass-produced polybutadiene synthetic rubber for tires, and synthetic motor oil for aircraft engines, dies at 59
  • 1934-05-11 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist & honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), dies at 81
  • 1934-06-11 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1934-09-12 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • 1934-12-01 Sergei Kirov, Russian politician who was Mayor of Leningrad and a friend of Joseph Stalin, assassinated in Leningrad at 48
  • 1935-01-28 Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer and musician (Armenian Rhapsody), dies at 75
  • 1935-06-07 Ivan V Mitsjoerin, Russian botanist, dies
  • 1935-06-07 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), dies at 79
  • 1935-08-06 Alexander Winkler, Russian composer, dies at 70
  • 1935-09-19 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian pioneer in rocket and space research, dies at 78

Ivan PavlovIvan Pavlov (1849-1936)

1936-02-27 Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), dies at 86

  • 1936-03-21 Alexander Glazunov, Russian pianist, composer (Chopiniana; Stenka Razin), and educator (St Petersburg Conservatory, 1899-1930), dies at 70
  • 1936-04-11 Mitya Stillman, Russian composer and violinist, dies at 44

Maxim GorkyMaxim Gorky (1868-1936)

1936-06-18 Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), dies at 68

  • 1936-08-25 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, dies at 52
  • 1936-09-14 Ossip Gabrilovich Russian-American pianist, conductor (Detroit Symphony, 1918-36), and composer, dies of stomach cancer at 58
  • 1937-02-05 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • 1937-03-10 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1937-04-15 Nikolai Artzibushev, Russian jurist & composer, dies at 79
  • 1937-06-04 Keke Geladze, Russian seamstress who was the mother of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, dies at 78 or 81
  • 1937-09-10 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, executed by Stalinist regime at 47
  • 1937-10-26 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, dies at 70
  • 1937-11-10 Nikolai Batalov, Russian actor (Tretya meshchanskaya, Mother), dies from tuberculosis at 37
  • 1938-02-06 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, dies at 77
  • 1938-03-13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • 1938-04-12 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • 1938-04-12 Fyador Chaliapin, Russian operatic bass-baritone (Boris Godunov), dies at 65
  • 1938-04-15 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian-French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • 1938-07-18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1938-07-29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1938-08-07 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • 1938-08-25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1938-09-24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1938-10-03 Viktor Kosenko, Russian-Ukrainian pianist, composer (Moldavian Poem), and educator, dies of kidney cancer at 41
  • 1938-11-19 Lev Shestov, Russian existentialist philosopher, dies at 72
  • 1939-02-07 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1939-02-15 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1939-02-27 Nadezjda K Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1939-05-11 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, executed at 71 after being kidnapped in Paris by Soviet intelligence and taken to Moscow where he was tortured and eventually shot
  • 1940-01-27 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
  • 1940-02-02 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), executed during the Great Purge at 65
  • 1940-03-10 Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1940-03-29 Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and English rugby union winger (4 caps; Leicester Tigers RUFC, Oxford Uni RFC), dies in an aircraft training accident for RAF at 24

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky (1879-1940)

1940-08-21 Ukrainian-Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

  • 1940-08-21 Paul Juon, Russian-Swiss violinist and composer, dies at 68
  • 1941-01-02 Mischa Levitzki, Russian-born American pianist & composer (The Enchanted Nymph), dies of a heart attack at 42
  • 1941-03-15 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, dies at 77
  • 1941-07-05 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, dies at 69
  • 1941-08-31 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), committed suicide at 48
  • 1941-10-26 Arkady Gaidar, Russian Soviet children's writer, killed in combat at 37
  • 1941-12-03 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (b. 1883)
  • 1941-12-09 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1941-12-19 L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
  • 1941-12-20 Igor Severyanin, Russian poet (b. 1887)
  • 1941-12-30 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
  • 1942-02-02 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, dies of starvation during the siege of Leningrad at 36
  • 1942-02-07 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1942-03-04 Yuliya Veysberg, Russian composer, dies at 62
  • 1942-03-20 Vasily Kalafati, Russian composer (Cygany), dies in the siege of Leningrad during World War II at 73
  • 1942-04-24 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • 1942-08-18 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech-Russian composer and pianist (Ogelala), dies of tuberculosis at 48 in a German concentration camp in Wülzburg, Bavaria
  • 1942-08-22 Mikhail Fokine, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer, dies at 62
  • 1942-10-08 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, dies at 73
  • 1942-10-11 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 64
  • 1942-10-18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1943-01-04 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, dies in airplane crash at 30
  • 1943-02-17 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • 1943-03-28 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), dies at 69
  • 1943-04-15 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, dies at 61
  • 1943-05-24 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • 1943-08-18 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, dies at 78
  • 1944-01-23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (Polyushko Pole), dies at 34
  • 1944-02-04 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, dies at 72
  • 1944-02-11 Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • 1944-03-14 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 66
  • 1944-04-09 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1944-06-02 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official Women's World Chess Champion (1927-39), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • 1944-08-25 Musa Cälil, Russian-Soviet Tatar poet (The Moabit Notebooks), and resistance fighter, executed by guillotine in Plötzensee Prison, Berlin at 38
  • 1944-09-27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81
  • 1944-11-27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • 1944-12-13 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • 1945-01-06 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • 1945-02-18 Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (youngest ever Soviet general of the army), dies at 38
  • 1945-02-22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1945-02-23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • 1945-03-26 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, dies at 62
  • 1945-05-04 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), dies at 64
  • 1945-05-25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1945-07-12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1945-10-26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • 1945-12-08 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 82
  • 1946-03-24 Alexander Alekhine, Russian-French chess player (world champion 1927-35, 37-46), dies choking on meat at 53
  • 1946-07-08 Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov, Russian composer {Alexnadrov Ensemble}, dies at 63
  • 1946-08-01 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • 1946-08-13 Valery Zhelobinsky, Russian composer, dies at 33
  • 1946-08-30 Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • 1946-09-13 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, dies at 71