Russian History (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 878

  • 1916-06-04 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • 1916-06-25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • 1916-07-02 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1916-08-10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 1916-10-14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1916-11-01 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
  • 1916-11-16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000
  • 1917-01-13 Ammunitions ship explosion at Ekonomiia port near Archangel, Russia kills many and injures hundreds
  • 1917-02-18 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [NS=Mar 3]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-02-26 Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies [NS Mar 11]

  • 1917-03-03 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [OS=Feb 18]
  • 1917-03-08 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]
  • 1917-03-12 [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • 1917-03-15 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]
  • 1917-03-16 Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne [OS Mar 3]
  • 1917-03-22 The USA is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-04-16 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1917-04-16 Vladimir Lenin issues his radical "April Theses" calling for Soviets to take power during the Russian Revolution [OS Apr 4]
  • 1917-06-10 60,000 people of Petrograd Russia welcome Prince Kropotkin (banned 41 years) returning after February Russian Revolution
  • 1917-06-16 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • 1917-06-24 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol

RussiaRed October

1917-07-04 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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  • 1917-07-21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • 1917-09-15 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • 1917-10-25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • 1917-11-06 [OS Oct 24] Bolshevik revolution begins with bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd during the Russian October Revolution
  • 1917-11-07 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.
  • 1917-11-26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1917-12-06 Taking advantage of the temporary relaxation of authority in Russia, Finland declares itself a republic, following the Ukraine on 20 November
  • 1917-12-11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1917-12-15 Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1917-12-15 World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers.
  • 1918-01-25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1918-02-01 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918-02-10 Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918-02-16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)

  • 1918-02-18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • 1918-02-22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1918-02-24 Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • 1918-03-09 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • 1918-03-11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • 1918-05-24 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • 1918-05-26 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1918-06-29 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • 1918-07-10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms

ExecutionExecution of the Romanovs

1918-07-17 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia

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The basement room in Ipatiev House where the Romanov royal family and their staff were executed. The holes in the walls are from investigators searching for bullets.
The basement room in Ipatiev House where the Romanov royal family and their staff were executed. The holes in the walls are from investigators searching for bullets.
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  • 1918-08-03 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas
  • 1918-08-30 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia
  • 1918-09-04 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • 1918-09-05 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • 1918-10-18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • 1918-11-03 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • 1918-11-13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • 1918-11-18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1919-01-01 Belorussian SSR established
  • 1919-02-03 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaim the government after the 1917 revolution

  • 1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky
  • 1919-05-26 The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
  • 1919-09-27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • 1919-11-07 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-12-21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1920-01-01 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-02-02 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • 1920-03-28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • 1920-05-27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1920-06-06 Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • 1920-08-12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1920-08-25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1920-10-02 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • 1920-11-14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • 1921-02-25 Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia
  • 1921-03-01 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1921-04-11 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1921-08-14 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • 1921-09-21 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians

  • 1921-10-04 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • 1921-10-18 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea
  • 1921-11-05 Soviet Russia signs a treaty with Mongolia, temporarily supporting the new government against China and Japanese incursions

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1922-04-03 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1922-04-16 Treaty of Rapallo between the German Republic and Soviet Union a is signed in Italy, normalizing diplomatic relations with each side renouncing their territorial and financial claims against the other
  • 1922-04-27 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
  • 1922-05-24 Russian-Italian trade agreement signed

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1922-07-03 Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports (for stateless persons)

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen

Soviet UnionSoviet Union Founded

1922-12-30 Creation of the USSR formally proclaimed in Moscow from the Bolshoi Theatre, Soviet Union organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR and Transcaucasian SSR

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Signature page of the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR
Signature page of the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR
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  • 1923-07-06 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 1923-07-10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • 1924-01-24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • 1924-08-08 British-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1924-09-08 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1924-10-01 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)at Vilpuri, Russia

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1924-10-28 French-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1925-01-20 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1925-10-12 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1926-04-26 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • 1926-09-28 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed
  • 1926-10-19 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers
  • 1927-08-19 Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state.
  • 1928-10-22 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • 1929-01-31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 1,385

  • 1878-03-07 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1878-08-13 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • 1878-08-15 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), born in Novalexandrovsk, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1928)

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

1878-12-18 Joseph Stalin, Dictator and General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1922-53), born in Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1953)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1879-01-19 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1879-05-22 Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-born actress, scriptwriter, and producer (Blood and Sand), born in Yalta, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879-06-24 Agrippina J Vaganova, Russian ballet dancer
  • 1879-08-18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1879-08-23 Alfrēds Kalniņš, Latvian composer, born in Cēsis, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1879-10-18 Grzegorz Fitelberg, Polish violinist/conductor/composer, born in Daugavpils, Russian Empire (now Latvia); (d. 1953)
  • 1879-11-06 Eugen Varga, Hungarian-Russian economist and politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1964)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1879-11-07 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1880-01-05 Nikolai Medtner, Russian pianist and composer (Skazi), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1951)
  • 1880-04-26 Mikhail Fokine, Russian choreographer and founder of modern dance, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1880-06-26 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, born in Perovo, Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1880-07-26 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1880-08-23 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1880-09-14 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, born in Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1880-10-13 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1880-10-26 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1880-10-29 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), born in Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1880-11-28 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • 1880-12-05 Alexander Schmuller, Russian-Dutch violinist and conductor, born in Mazyr, Belarus (d. 1933)
  • 1881-02-12 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1881-04-18 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in Białystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1881-04-20 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), born in Modlin Fortress, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1881-04-22 Alexander Kerensky, Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government (1917), born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1881-06-03 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1881-06-04 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Nagaevo, Tula Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1881-10-01 Leonid Sabaneyev, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1968)
  • 1881-10-07 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1882-01-04 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, born in Nizhny Lomov, Russia (d. 1943)
  • 1882-01-06 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter, born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1882-01-21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
  • 1882-01-22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1882-04-23 Albert Coates, English conductor and composer (Eagle), born in St Petersburg, Russia

Person of interestIgor Stravinsky

1882-06-17 Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (Le Sacre du Printemps - The Rite of Spring; The Firebird), born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1971) [OS 5th June]

Composer Igor Stravinsky
Igor Stravinsky
  • 1882-08-10 Max Kowalski, German pianist, singer, and composer (Pierrot Lunaire), born in Kowal, Russian Empire/Poland (d. 1956)
  • 1882-10-02 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, born in Zlatoust, Ufa Governorate Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883-01-08 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1883-01-10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), born in Pugachyov, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1883-02-01 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1883-03-27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1883-04-13 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1883-04-17 Herman Darewsky, British composer, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1883-06-21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1883-07-04 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, born in Vilnius, Russian Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1883-08-19 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, born in Tartu, Estonia, Imperial Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1883-09-11 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1883-10-22 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • 1883-12-09 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, born in Irkutsk, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1883-12-10 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, born in Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1884-01-13 Sophie Tucker [Kalish], Russian-born American singer and actress (My Yiddish Mama) known as "last of the red hot mammas", born in Tulchyn, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1884-01-29 Juhan Aavic, Estonian composer, born in Holstre, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1884-02-01 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian novelist/playwright (We)
  • 1884-02-12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • 1884-07-12 Louis B. Mayer, American film producer and creator of the star system (MGM), born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1884-07-16 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1884-07-23 Albert Warner [Abraham Albert Wonsal], American film producer (Warner Bros. Studio), born in Krasnosielc, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1884-07-23 Apolinary Szeluto, Polish pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1966)
  • 1884-08-03 Louis Gruenberg, Russian-American composer (Daniel Jazz), born in Brest-Litovsk, Russia (now Belarus) (d. 1964)
  • 1884-12-10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1885-02-21 Sacha Guitry, French actor and playwright (Deburan, The Story of a Cheat), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1885-08-15 Andrey Filippovich Pashchenko, Russian composer (A Symphonic Mystery, for Theremin and Orchestra), born in Rostov-on-Don (d. 1972)
  • 1885-09-18 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, born in Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia (d. 1937)
  • 1885-09-21 Thomas de Hartmann, Russian composer, born in Khoruzhivka, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1885-10-10 Walter Anderson, German folklorist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1885-11-09 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1885-11-14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1886-03-01 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • 1886-03-27 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1886-04-05 Jacques Handschin, Swiss musicologist (Der Toncharakter), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1955)
  • 1886-04-15 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet, born in Kronshtadt, Russia (d. 1921)
  • 1886-04-16 Konstantin G. Mostras, Russian composer, born in Tambovsky District, Tambov Oblast, Russia (d. 1965)
  • 1886-05-12 Piotr F. Scharoff, Russian-Italian actor and director (Chechov), born (d. 1969)
  • 1886-05-26 Al Jolson [Asa Yoelson], American-Lithuanian jazz singer and silent actor (Mamie, Swanee), born in Seredžius, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1886-07-11 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1886-10-26 Mark Aldanov,, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), born in Kiev (d. 1957)
  • 1886-10-28 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, born in Ghoresha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1886-11-07 Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian chess player (openings theorist), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1935)
  • 1887-02-28 William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor (Spirit of the Dance), born in Jurbarkas, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1887-03-23 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1887-07-06 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist (I & The Village), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1887-08-14 Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (Falscher Start), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1887-10-22 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1887-11-03 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1887-11-25 Nikolai Vavilov, Soviet botanist and geneticist (identified the centers of origin of cultivated plants), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1888-01-16 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1888-04-09 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1888-04-12 Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (The Art of Piano Playing), born in Elisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1964)

Person of interestIrving Berlin

1888-05-11 Irving Berlin [Israel Isidore Baline], American composer and lyricist considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history (God Bless America, White Xmas), born in Tyumen, Russian Empire (d. 1989)

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin

Person of interestVladimir Zworykin

1888-07-29 Vladimir K. Zworykin, Russian-American inventor (development of television, cathode ray tube), born in Murom, Russian Empire (d. 1982)

  • 1888-08-13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)
  • 1888-10-09 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1888-10-14 Ernest Pingoud, Finnish composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1888-10-26 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • 1888-11-10 Andrej Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder, born in Pustomazovo, Russia (d. 1972)
  • 1889-01-01 Alexander Smallens, conductor, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1889-01-21 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
  • 1889-01-25 Vladimir Scherbachov, Russian composer & professor (Blokovskaya, Thunderstorm), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1952)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 401 - 500 of 847

  • 1941-10-26 Arkady Gaidar, Russian Soviet children's writer, killed in combat at 37
  • 1941-12-03 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (b. 1883)
  • 1941-12-09 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1941-12-19 L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
  • 1941-12-20 Igor Severyanin, Russian poet (b. 1887)
  • 1941-12-30 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
  • 1942-02-02 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, dies of starvation during the siege of Leningrad at 36
  • 1942-02-07 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1942-04-24 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • 1942-08-18 Erwin Schulhoff, Czech-Russian composer and pianist (Ogelala), dies of tuberculosis at 48 in a German concentration camp in Wülzburg, Bavaria
  • 1942-08-22 Mikhail Fokine, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer, dies at 62
  • 1942-10-08 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, dies at 73
  • 1942-10-11 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 64
  • 1942-10-18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1943-01-04 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, dies in airplane crash at 30
  • 1943-02-17 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • 1943-03-28 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), dies at 69
  • 1943-04-15 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, dies at 61
  • 1943-05-24 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • 1943-08-18 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, dies at 78
  • 1944-01-23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • 1944-02-04 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, dies at 72
  • 1944-02-11 Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • 1944-03-14 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 66
  • 1944-04-09 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1944-06-02 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official women's world chess champion (1927-39), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • 1944-09-27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81
  • 1944-11-27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • 1944-12-13 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • 1945-01-06 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • 1945-02-18 Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (youngest ever Soviet general of the army), dies at 38
  • 1945-02-22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1945-02-23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • 1945-03-26 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, dies at 62
  • 1945-05-25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1945-07-12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1945-10-26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • 1945-12-08 Alexander Siloti, Russian pianist and composer, dies at 82
  • 1946-08-01 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • 1946-08-30 Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • 1946-09-13 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, dies at 71
  • 1946-12-06 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, dies at 63
  • 1946-12-17 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • 1947-01-17 Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)
  • 1947-08-08 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1947-10-02 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1947-11-17 Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1947-12-13 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, dies at 73
  • 1948-02-11 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50
  • 1948-06-01 Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • 1949-02-08 Leonid Alexeyevich Polovinkin, Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1949-03-17 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1949-05-24 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, dies at 75
  • 1949-07-16 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, dies at 83
  • 1950-01-28 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, dies at 66
  • 1950-05-26 Antonina Neshdanova, Russian soprano (Bolshoi Theater), dies at 77
  • 1950-08-08 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), dies at 69
  • 1951-01-05 Andrei P Platonov, Russian author (Prok, Kotlovan), dies at 51
  • 1951-02-28 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, dies at 50
  • 1951-06-04 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symphony, 1924-49), dies at 76
  • 1951-11-05 Agrippina J Vaganova, Russian ballet dancer/pegagoge, dies at 72
  • 1951-11-13 Nikolai Medtner, Russian pianist and composer (Skazi), dies at 71
  • 1951-12-31 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1952-01-23 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, dies at 71
  • 1952-03-05 Vladimir Scherbachov, Russian composer and professor (Blokovskaya, Thunderstorm), dies at 63
  • 1952-06-18 Efim Bogoljubov, Russian-German chess player, dies at 63
  • 1952-07-27 W de Basil [US Voskresenski], Russian ballet dancer, dies
  • 1952-11-29 Vladimir Ipatieff, Russian-American chemist, dies at 85
  • 1953-03-05 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer (Peter and the Wolf; Alexander Nevsky), dies at 61
  • 1954-01-16 Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
  • 1954-02-12 Dziga Vertov [Kaufman], Russian dir (3 Songs of Lenin), dies at 58
  • 1954-11-22 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, dies at 70
  • 1954-12-04 Nina Vasar, wife of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • 1955-03-16 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1955-09-30 Michael Chekhov, Russian-American actor (Rhapsody, Abie's Irish Rose), dies at 64
  • 1956-01-03 Alexander Tikhonovich Gretshaninov, Russian/American composer, dies at 91
  • 1956-02-02 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (b. 1876)
  • 1956-03-11 Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko, Russian opera composer, dies at 83
  • 1956-03-26 Thomas de Hartmann, Russian composer, dies at 70
  • 1956-06-23 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 81
  • 1956-11-02 Jacob Weinberg, Russian-born Jewish composer, dies at 77
  • 1956-11-22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, dies at 74
  • 1956-12-04 Alexander Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer, dies at 64
  • 1957-02-02 Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)
  • 1957-02-25 Mark Aldanov, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), dies at 70
  • 1957-05-14 Marie Vassilieff [Mariya Vassiliéva], Russian-French Left Bank artist, dies at 73
  • 1957-05-21 Aleksandr Vertinsky, Russian singer (b. 1889)
  • 1957-07-15 Vasily Maklakov, Russian orator and liberal politician (b. 1869)
  • 1957-11-20 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, dies at 82
  • 1957-11-26 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian author (Iveren), dies at 80
  • 1958-04-11 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, dies at 82
  • 1958-07-22 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1958-10-01 Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1958-10-13 Alexander Moiseyevich Veprik, Russian composer, dies at 59 (b. 1899)
  • 1958-12-22 Fjodor W Gladkow, Russian author (Cement), dies at 75
  • 1959-03-30 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer, poet and Christian mystic, dies at 52
  • 1959-11-18 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1960-01-05 Pavel P Parenago, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 53
  • 1960-02-07 Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57
  • 1960-02-09 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, dies at 89