Russian History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 1,138

  • 1921-10-04 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • 1921-10-18 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea
  • 1921-11-05 Soviet Russia signs a treaty with Mongolia, temporarily supporting the new government against China and Japanese incursions

Appointment of Interest

1922-04-03 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin

Conference of Interest

1922-07-03 Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports (for stateless persons)

Soviet Union Founded

1922-12-30 Creation of the USSR formally proclaimed in Moscow from the Bolshoi Theatre, Soviet Union organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR and Transcaucasian SSR

  • 1923-07-06 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 1923-07-10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • 1924-01-24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • 1924-08-08 British-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1924-09-08 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador

World Record

1924-10-01 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)at Vilpuri, Russia

  • 1924-10-28 French-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1925-01-20 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1925-10-12 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1926-04-26 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • 1926-09-28 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed

Historic Event

1926-10-19 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers

  • 1927-08-19 Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state
  • 1928-10-22 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • 1929-01-31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey
  • 1929-08-11 Russian-Chinese border fights
  • 1930-01-30 Russia launches their 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver- from Pavlovsk, USSR.
  • 1935-07-13 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • 1935-08-31 Russian miner Aleksey Stachanov digs 102 tons of coal in under 6 hours, using a jackhammer
  • 1935-12-15 In major upset, Dutch grand master Max Euwe becomes World Chess Champion beating Russian Alexander Alekhine (9 wins, 13 draws, 8 losses) in Zandvoort, Netherlands
  • 1937-07-30 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.
  • 1937-12-07 Russian chess player Alexander Alekhine recaptures his final world title from Dutch grand master Max Euwe by a large margin (+10−4=11)
  • 1939-08-20 Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia
  • 1939-09-30 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland

Historic Event

1939-10-01 Winston Churchill calls Russia a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"

  • 1939-11-26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border
  • 1939-11-28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • 1939-12-09 Russian air raid on Helsinki
  • 1939-12-19 Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
  • 1940-01-05 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia
  • 1940-02-23 Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
  • 1940-03-12 Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty in Moscow, surrendering to Russia and ceding 11% of their pre-WWII territory, ending the "Winter War"
  • 1940-03-13 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1940-06-27 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar, using Sunday as a rest day, after 6 years using a Russian six-day calendar

Historic Event

1940-12-11 Russian general Georgy Zhukov warns of German assault

Music History

1941-03-16 Russian composer and pianist Dmitri Shostakovich receives the Stalin Prize

  • 1941-06-19 Soviet anthropologist Michael Gerasimov opens tomb of Timurid Empire founder Timur and allegedly finds the inscription that whoever opens the tomb shall "unleash an invader more terrible than I." Three days later Germany invades Russia.
  • 1941-06-24 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • 1941-07-18 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • 1941-08-13 Red army evacuates Smolensk, Russia, as the German army advances
  • 1941-08-29 German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children
  • 1941-09-03 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)

Siege of Leningrad

1941-09-08 WWII: Siege of Leningrad by German, Finnish, and eventually Spanish troops begins; battle lasted over 28 months, as Russia repels the invasion; well over a million lives

Historic Event

1941-10-03 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people

Historic Siege

1941-10-16 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia during the Siege of Odessa, part of the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union

  • 1941-11-21 German troops occupy Rostov-on-Don, Southern Russia
  • 1941-12-08 Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo
  • 1942-03-05 World première of Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony in Kuybyshev, Russia
  • 1942-03-20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • 1942-05-12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • 1942-05-21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • 1942-06-07 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • 1942-07-20 Time magazine puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich on its cover
  • 1942-07-24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • 1942-07-28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • 1942-07-30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942-07-31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942-08-23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • 1942-10-05 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred
  • 1942-11-19 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • 1942-12-16 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • 1943-02-14 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII
  • 1943-07-12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1943-08-13 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia
  • 1943-08-23 50th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Largest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany; over 10,000 tanks take part, nearly 250,000 combatants killed
  • 1943-09-11 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • 1944-01-27 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed
  • 1944-05-09 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • 1944-09-08 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1944-10-09 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin
  • 1944-10-28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1945-02-06 WWII: Russian Red Army crosses the Oder River between Poland and Germany
  • 1948-05-16 First chess world championship since WWII; Russian player Mikhail Botvinnik wins a 5-player tournament to begin 20-year Russian domination
  • 1948-07-08 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • 1948-10-21 UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons
  • 1949-03-26 103rd Grand National: Leo McMorrow aboard 66/1 outsider Russian Hero wins by a comfortable 8 lengths ahead of Roimond
  • 1949-10-07 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • 1951-05-07 International Olympic committee allows Russia to participate in 1952 Olympics

Historic Event

1953-06-26 Lavrentiy Beria, one of the trio of Russian leaders after Stalin's death and the former secret police chief, is ousted from power and arrested

  • 1953-08-20 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
  • 1954-03-07 Russia wins their 1st international ice hockey competition
  • 1954-04-26 USSR Supreme Soviet transfer the Crimean oblast from Russian SFSR to Ukrainian SSR
  • 1954-05-07 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • 1954-06-27 1st atomic power station opens - Obninsk, near Moscow in Russia
  • 1955-01-25 Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • 1956-02-11 British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
  • 1956-07-16 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • 1956-11-04 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1956-12-01 American Mildred McDaniel jumps world record 1.76m to win the women's high jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Briton Thelma Hopkins and Russian Mariya Pisareva dead-heat for silver (1.67m)
  • 1956-12-11 Anti-Russian demonstrations in Stettin & Wroclaw, Poland
  • 1957-01-06 Yeshiva Kol Ya'ackov opens in Moscow Russia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 1,826

  • 1880-11-28 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • 1880-12-03 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in Cüstrin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1880-12-05 Alexander Schmuller, Russian-Dutch violinist and conductor, born in Mazyr, Belarus (d. 1933)
  • 1881-01-05 Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets, Russian composer, born in Surazh, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1881-02-12 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1881-04-18 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in Białystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1881-04-20 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), born in Modlin Fortress, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1881-04-22 Alexander Kerensky, Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government (1917), born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1881-06-03 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1881-06-04 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Nagaevo, Tula Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1881-10-01 Leonid Sabaneyev, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1968)
  • 1881-10-07 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1881-12-05 Coretté Alefred [Hardy], American-Russian-Soviet jazz, spiritual and pop lyrical and dramatic soprano, dancer, and actress, born in Churchville, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1882-01-04 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, born in Nizhny Lomov, Russia (d. 1943)
  • 1882-01-06 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter, born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1882-01-21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
  • 1882-01-22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1882-04-23 Albert Coates, English conductor and composer (Eagle), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1882-05-12 Kyrylo Stetsenko, Ukrainian composer (Burlaka), choral conductor, music critic, teacher, and later, Ukrainian Orthodox priest, born in Kvitkiv, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1922)

Igor Stravinsky

1882-06-17 Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (Le Sacre du Printemps - The Rite of Spring; The Firebird), born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1971) [OS 5th June]

  • 1882-08-10 Max Kowalski, German pianist, singer, and composer (Pierrot Lunaire), born in Kowal, Russian Empire/Poland (d. 1956)
  • 1882-10-02 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, born in Zlatoust, Ufa Governorate Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1882-10-06 Karol Maciej Szymanowski, Polish pianist and composer (Symphony No. 3 - Song Of The Night), born in Tymoszówka, Russian Empire (now Tymoshivka, Ukraine) (d. 1937)
  • 1882-11-08 Lazare Saminsky, Russian-American composer, born in Valegotsulova, near Odessa (d. 1959)
  • 1883-01-08 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1883-01-10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet (Pjotr Peroyj), born in Pugachyov, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1883-02-01 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1883-03-27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1883-04-01 Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov, Russian Soviet composer, born in Plakhino, Ryazan Governorate (d. 1946) [OS date]
  • 1883-04-13 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1883-04-17 Herman Darewsky, British composer, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1883-06-21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1883-07-04 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, born in Vilnius, Russian Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1883-08-19 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, born in Tartu, Estonia, Imperial Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1883-09-11 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1883-10-22 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • 1883-12-09 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, born in Irkutsk, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1883-12-10 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, born in Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1884-01-13 Sophie Tucker [Kalish], Russian-born American singer and actress (My Yiddish Mama) known as "last of the red hot mammas", born in Tulchyn, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1884-01-29 Juhan Aavic, Estonian composer, born in Holstre, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1884-02-01 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian novelist/playwright (We)
  • 1884-02-12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)

Louis B. Mayer

1884-07-12 Louis B. Mayer, American film producer and creator of the star system (MGM), born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1957)

  • 1884-07-16 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1884-07-23 Albert Warner [Abraham Albert Wonsal], American film producer (Warner Bros. Studio), born in Krasnosielc, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1884-07-23 Apolinary Szeluto, Polish pianist and composer, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1966)
  • 1884-08-03 Louis Gruenberg, Russian-American composer (Daniel Jazz), born in Brest-Litovsk, Russia (now Belarus) (d. 1964)
  • 1884-09-29 Boris Asafiev, Russian composer and music critic, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1949)
  • 1884-12-10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1885-02-21 Sacha Guitry, French actor and playwright (Deburan, The Story of a Cheat), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1885-03-22 Jēkabs Mediņš, Latvian composer, born in Riga, Russian Empire (now Latvia) (d. 1971)
  • 1885-08-15 Andrey Pashchenko, Russian composer (A Symphonic Mystery, for Theremin and Orchestra), born in Rostov-on-Don (d. 1972)
  • 1885-09-17 Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Soviet composer who composed the anthem used by Azerbaijan during the Soviet period, born in Agjabadi, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1885-09-18 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, born in Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia (d. 1937)
  • 1885-09-21 Thomas de Hartmann, Russian composer, born in Khoruzhivka, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1885-09-24 Artur Lemba, Estonian concert pianist, composer (Sabina), and piano teacher (St. Petersburg Conservatory, 1908-20), born in Revel, Russian Empire (now Tallinn, Estonia) (d. 1963)
  • 1885-10-10 Walter Anderson, German folklorist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1885-11-09 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1885-11-14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1886-01-10 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg 'the mad Baron', Baltic-German baron and anti-communist Russian general, born in Graz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1886-03-01 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • 1886-03-27 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1886-04-05 Jacques Handschin, Swiss musicologist (Der Toncharakter), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1955)
  • 1886-04-15 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet, born in Kronshtadt, Russia (d. 1921)
  • 1886-04-16 Konstantin G. Mostras, Russian composer, born in Tambovsky District, Tambov Oblast, Russia (d. 1965)
  • 1886-04-26 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (Oh My Mother Tongue!), born in Quşlawıç, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • 1886-05-12 Piotr F. Scharoff, Russian-Italian actor and director (Chechov), born (d. 1969)
  • 1886-05-13 Joseph Achron, Lithianian-American violinist and composer (Golem Suite), born in Lozdzieje, Russian Empire (now Lazdijai, Lithuania) (d. 1943)

Al Jolson

1886-05-26 Al Jolson [Asa Yoelson], American-Lithuanian jazz singer and silent actor (Mamie, Swanee), born in Seredžius, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1950)

  • 1886-05-28 Nikolai Sokoloff, Russian-American violinist and conductor (Cleveland Orchestra, 1918-32; Seattle Symphony, 1938-41; co-founder & director of La Jolla Music Society, 1941-65), born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1965)
  • 1886-07-11 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1886-10-26 Mark Aldanov,, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), born in Kiev (d. 1957)
  • 1886-10-28 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, born in Ghoresha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1886-11-07 Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian chess player (openings theorist), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1935)
  • 1887-01-28 Artur Rubinstein, Polish-American concert pianist, born in Łódź, Russian Empire (now Poland), (d. 1982)
  • 1887-02-21 Savielly Tartakower, Austrian-Polish-French chess player, born in Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1887-02-28 William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor (Spirit of the Dance), born in Jurbarkas, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1887-03-07 Heino Eller, Estonian composer, born in Tartu, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (now Estonia) (d. 1970)
  • 1887-03-23 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1887-03-23 Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-American union leader (Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union; Congress of Industrial Organizations), born in Žagarė, Russian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1946)
  • 1887-05-30 Alexander Archipenko, Ukrainian-American sculptor and lithographer, born in Kyiv, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1887-07-06 Marc Chagall [Moise Shagal], Jewish Belarusan-French modernist painter and stained glass artist (La Mariée; I and the Village), born in Liozna, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1985)
  • 1887-08-14 Marija Leiko, Latvian film actress (Falscher Start), born in Riga, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1887-10-22 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • 1887-11-03 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, born in Voronezh, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1887-11-08 Yury Alexandrovich Shaporin, Russian-Ukrainian Soviet composer, born in Hlukhiv, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1887-11-25 Nikolai Vavilov, Soviet botanist and geneticist (identified the centers of origin of cultivated plants), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1888-01-16 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1888-02-20 Vasyl Barvinsky, Ukrainian pianist, composer, conductor, musicologist ("Béla Bartók in Lviv"), and teacher (Lysenko Higher Institute of Music, 1915-48), born in Ternopil, Russian Empire (now Ukraine (d. 1963)
  • 1888-03-26 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse who helped POWs in Siberia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. (d. 1948)
  • 1888-04-09 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1888-04-12 Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (The Art of Piano Playing), born in Elisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1964)

Irving Berlin

1888-05-11 Irving Berlin [Israel Beilin], Russian-American composer and lyricist considered one of the greatest songwriters in history ("Always"; "God Bless America"; "White Christmas"; "Cheek To Cheek"), born in Talachyn, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [1] [2]

  • 1888-06-09 Adrian Shaposhnikov, Russian composer, born in St Peterberg (d. 1967)
  • 1888-07-02 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), born in Nova Pryluka, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1973)

Vladimir Zworykin

1888-07-29 Vladimir K. Zworykin, Russian-American inventor (development of television, cathode ray tube), born in Murom, Russian Empire (d. 1982)

  • 1888-08-13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)
  • 1888-10-09 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1888-10-14 Ernest Pingoud, Finnish composer, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1888-10-26 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 501 - 600 of 1,100

  • 1946-12-06 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, dies at 63
  • 1946-12-17 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • 1947-01-17 Pyotr Krasnov, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1869)
  • 1947-08-08 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1947-10-02 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1947-11-17 Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1947-12-13 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, dies at 73
  • 1948-02-11 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50
  • 1948-06-01 Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • 1949-01-27 Boris Asafiev, Russian composer and music critic, dies at 64
  • 1949-02-08 Leonid Polovinkin, Russian conductor, and composer (Night Dreams), dies at 54
  • 1949-03-17 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1949-05-24 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, dies at 75
  • 1949-07-16 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, dies at 83
  • 1949-10-09 Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky, Russian composer, dies at 70
  • 1949-12-03 Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian stage and film actress (The Wolf Man; King's Row), and teacher (School of Dramatic Art - New York), dies following a house fire at 73
  • 1950-01-28 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, dies at 66
  • 1950-05-26 Antonina Nezhdanova, Russian soprano (Bolshoi Theater), dies at 77
  • 1950-08-08 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), dies at 69
  • 1951-01-05 Andrei P Platonov, Russian author (Prok, Kotlovan), dies at 51
  • 1951-02-28 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, dies at 50
  • 1951-04-02 Simon Barere, Russian pianist, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 54 while performing Grieg's Piano Concerto at Carnegie Hall
  • 1951-06-04 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symphony, 1924-49), dies at 76
  • 1951-11-05 Agrippina J Vaganova, Russian ballet dancer and pedagogue (Fundamentals of the Classical Dance), dies at 72
  • 1951-11-13 Nikolai Medtner, Russian pianist and composer (Skazi), dies at 71
  • 1951-12-14 Coretté Alefred [Hardy], American-Russian-Soviet jazz, spiritual and pop lyrical and dramatic soprano, dancer, and actress, dies at 70
  • 1951-12-31 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1952-01-23 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, dies at 71
  • 1952-03-05 Vladimir Scherbachov, Soviet-Russian composer (Blokovskaya; The Thunderstorm) and professor (Leningrad Conservatory; Tbilisi Conservatory), dies at 63
  • 1952-06-18 Efim Bogoljubov, Russian-German chess player, dies at 63
  • 1952-07-27 W de Basil [US Voskresenski], Russian ballet dancer, dies
  • 1952-11-29 Vladimir Ipatieff, Russian-American chemist, dies at 85
  • 1953-03-05 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer (Peter and the Wolf; Alexander Nevsky), dies at 61
  • 1953-08-27 Nicolai Berezowsky, Russian-American composer, dies at 53
  • 1953-11-08 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933, dies at 83
  • 1954-01-16 Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
  • 1954-02-12 Dziga Vertov [Kaufman], Russian dir (3 Songs of Lenin), dies at 58
  • 1954-06-13 Nikolai Obukhov, Russian composer, dies at 62
  • 1954-11-22 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, dies at 70
  • 1954-12-04 Nina Varzar, wife of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies at 46
  • 1955-03-16 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1955-09-30 Michael Chekhov, Russian-American actor (Rhapsody, Abie's Irish Rose), dies at 64
  • 1956-02-02 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (b. 1876)
  • 1956-03-11 Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko, Russian opera composer, dies at 83
  • 1956-03-26 Thomas de Hartmann, Russian composer, dies at 70
  • 1956-05-13 Aleksandr A. Fadejev, Russian author (Young Guard), commits suicide at 54
  • 1956-06-23 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 81
  • 1956-07-13 Vladimir Grigor'yevich Zakharov, Soviet-Russian composer, dies at 54
  • 1956-11-02 Jacob Weinberg, Russian-born Jewish composer, dies at 77
  • 1956-11-22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, dies at 74
  • 1956-12-04 Alexander Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer, dies at 64
  • 1957-02-02 Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)
  • 1957-02-25 Mark Aldanov, Russian-French writer and critic (Novy Zhurnal), dies at 70
  • 1957-05-05 Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin, Russian composer (Vrubel; The Youth Of Abraham), dies at 74
  • 1957-05-14 Marie Vassilieff [Mariya Vassiliéva], Russian-French Left Bank artist, dies at 73
  • 1957-05-21 Aleksandr Vertinsky, Russian singer (b. 1889)
  • 1957-07-09 Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, Soviet-Russian pianist, and composer, dies at 80
  • 1957-07-15 Vasily Maklakov, Russian orator and liberal politician (b. 1869)
  • 1957-11-20 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, dies at 82
  • 1957-11-26 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian author (Iveren), dies at 80
  • 1958-04-11 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, dies at 82
  • 1958-07-22 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1958-10-01 Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1958-10-13 Alexander Moiseyevich Veprik, Russian composer, dies at 59 (b. 1899)
  • 1958-12-22 Fjodor W Gladkow, Russian author (Cement), dies at 75
  • 1959-03-30 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer, poet and Christian mystic, dies at 52
  • 1959-06-30 Lazare Saminsky, Russian-American composer, dies at 76
  • 1959-11-18 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1960-01-05 Pavel P Parenago, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 53
  • 1960-02-07 Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57
  • 1960-02-09 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist, dies at 89
  • 1960-05-10 Yuri Olesha, Russian writer, dies at 61

Boris Pasternak

1960-05-30 Boris Pasternak, Russian poet and novelist (Doctor Zhivago) (Nobel Prize 1958), dies at 70

  • 1960-06-14 Vladimir Nikolayevich Kryukov, Russian composer, dies at 57
  • 1960-08-26 Mark Hambourg, Russian-British composer, dies at 81
  • 1960-09-10 Fjodor Panfjorov, Russian author (Volga - matushka-reka), dies at 63
  • 1960-10-14 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), dies at 79
  • 1960-11-24 Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1882)
  • 1960-12-14 Gregory Ratoff, Russian producer, director and actor (Exodus, Skyscraper Souls, Corsican Brothers), dies of leukemia at 63
  • 1961-02-09 Grigory Levenfish, Russian International chess grandmaster, dies at 70
  • 1961-03-23 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies in an accident during training at 24
  • 1961-10-04 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, dies at 81
  • 1961-10-04 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, dies at 80
  • 1961-11-26 Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser, Russian-Soviet pianist, composer, and teacher, dies at 86
  • 1961-12-16 Boris Semyonovich Shekhter, Russian composer and teacher, dies at 61
  • 1962-01-03 Hermann Lux, German soccer defender (3 caps; manager Tennis Borussia Berlin), dies at 68
  • 1962-01-12 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, dies at 92
  • 1962-02-15 Vladimir Sokoloff, Russian actor (Road to Morocco, Cloak & Dagger), dies at 72
  • 1962-10-02 Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1962-10-17 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 81
  • 1963-03-30 Alexander Gauk, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 69
  • 1963-04-06 Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1963-06-18 Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (From Russia With Love, Fort Apache), commits suicide at 51
  • 1964-03-23 Vassily Vainonen, Russian ballet choreographer (Gayaneh), dies at 66
  • 1964-04-14 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), dies at 87
  • 1964-05-10 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (b. 1881)
  • 1964-05-25 Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov, Russian composer (Rhapsodie hébraïque; Prince Lake), and teacher, dies at 92
  • 1964-06-04 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, dies at 76
  • 1964-06-10 Louis Gruenberg, Russian-American composer (Daniel Jazz), dies at 79