Saudi Arabian History

Saudi Arabia: Jeddah - Mecca - Medina - Riyadh

Historical Events

Historic Event

1902-01-15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

  • 1924-10-13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud
  • 1925-12-12 Medina surrenders to Saudi forces led by Sultan Abdulaziz Ibn Saud
  • 1925-12-17 Sultan Abdulaziz Ibn Saud conquers Jeddah, the last major stand of the Hashemites against the Saudis
  • 1926-01-08 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 1927-05-20 Treaty of Jeddah is signed between the United Kingdom and Ibn Saud recognizing the independence of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, the forerunner of Saudi Arabia
  • 1932-09-23 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1948-05-18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • 1950-06-17 Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia & Syria sign security pact
  • 1955-10-26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi
  • 1955-10-28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty

Historic Event

1958-03-22 Under pressure King Saud appoints Faisal Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia

  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1960-12-23 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power
  • 1962-11-06 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery
  • 1964-11-02 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia
  • 1965-09-24 Saudi Arabian & Egyptian accord over Yemen
  • 1970-05-03 Trans-Arabian Pipeline delivery from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, driving oil tanker rates to all time highs
  • 1972-10-27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-03-02 "Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-10-19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • 1973-12-25 Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut; Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise
  • 1974-02-12 Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement
  • 1974-06-04 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to 60 percent
  • 1974-06-08 US and Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • 1974-09-06 Saudi Arabia increases its oil buy-back price from 93 percent to 94.9 percent of posted price
  • 1975-12-12 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1979-11-20 Islamic extremists led by Juhayman al-Otaybi occupy the Grand Mosque of Mecca, declare the arrival of the Mahdi (the "redeemer of Islam") in the form of Mohammed Abdullah al-Qahtani and call for the overthrow of the House of Saud. Siege lasts two weeks with 100s killed and sets Saudi Arabia on an ultra-conservative path. [1]
  • 1979-12-13 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel
  • 1980-01-09 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1980-08-19 Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die
  • 1981-04-21 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982-06-13 Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia after King Khalid dies at 69
  • 1983-11-25 Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli
  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines
  • 1986-12-26 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1987-07-31 Battle between Iranian pilgrims and Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed
  • 1990-07-02 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death after a panic in a tunnel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia

Historic Event

1990-08-02 US President George H. W. Bush orders troops to Saudi Arabia

Operation Desert Shield

1990-08-07 US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia beginning Operation Desert Shield

  • 1990-08-09 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-11 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
  • 1990-09-17 Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
  • 1990-09-22 Saudi Arabia expels many Jordanian & Yemeni envoys
  • 1990-11-04 US Secretary of State James Baker visits American troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-11-05 Reports of increasing Saudi petroleum production and lower world demand
  • 1990-11-13 Saudis ask US for rights to bid on SPR (Strategic Petroleum Reserve) crude
  • 1990-11-22 George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1991-01-30 Iraqi troops gain control of Al Khafji inside the Saudi Arabian border
  • 1991-02-25 US, barracks in Dhahran Saudi Arabia, hit by scud missile, kills 28
  • 1991-03-13 Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC oil production cuts will take effect April 1
  • 1991-07-11 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1994-05-23 270 pilgrims die in the bustle round Mina, Saudi-Arabia
  • 1995-08-02 Saudi Arabia's King Fahd issues a decree replacing all members of the Council of Ministers who do not have blood ties to the royal Family
  • 1996-06-25 The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen
  • 1996-11-12 Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 collide in midair over Charkhi Dadri in India, killing 349 people, the third-deadliest aviation disaster in history
  • 1997-03-02 Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal acquires 5% of Apple
  • 2001-05-18 Saudi Arabia selects the eight foreign companies to take part in its "Gas Initiative," three core venture gas projects that have an anticipated worth of $25 billion
  • 2001-06-11 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2001-06-21 A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen
  • 2003-11-09 A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2004-02-01 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2004-05-29 The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22
  • 2005-08-03 President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia
  • 2006-01-12 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims
  • 2009-11-25 Flooding in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; powerful storm brings 3 years worth of rain in 4 hours, killing over 150 people and sweeping thousands of cars away during Hajj
  • 2011-01-14 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution
  • 2012-06-19 A man is beheaded for witchcraft and sorcery in Saudi Arabia
  • 2012-06-24 Female athletes will be allowed to compete for Saudi Arabia at the Olympics for the first time
  • 2012-09-17 13 people are killed in a bus accident in Jubail, Saudi Arabia
  • 2012-09-28 Nigeria suspends flights to Saudi Arabia after hundreds of Nigerian women travelled without a male escort
  • 2012-11-01 22 people are killed and 111 injured after a fuel tanker explodes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-05-01 16 people are killed in a flash flood in Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-10-18 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria
  • 2014-02-08 15 people are killed & 130 injured in a hotel fire in Medina, Saudi Arabia
  • 2014-11-01 Australian A-League soccer club Western Sydney Wanderers draw 0-0 with Al-Hilal of Saudi Arabia in Riyadh to win the AFC Champions League, 1-0 on aggregate

Royal Coronation

2015-01-23 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia, on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah

  • 2015-06-26 Saudi suicide bomber kills 27 at Shia Imam al-Sadiq mosque in Kuwait, 227 injured
  • 2015-09-11 A large crane collapses killing more than 100 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-09-24 Stampede of people during the Hajj kills 717 people during symbolic stoning of the devil at Mina, near Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-12-12 First women ever elected in Saudi Arabia in municipal council elections
  • 2016-01-02 Saudi Arabia executes 47 alleged terrorists, including Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr

Historic Event

2017-05-20 US President Donald Trump begins his 1st foreign trip arriving in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • 2017-06-05 Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt sever ties with Qatar, citing its support of terrorist groups, Yemen, the Maldives and Libya follow suit
  • 2017-06-23 Saudi Arabia and allies, Egypt, UAE and Bahrain issue list of 13 conditions to Qatar in return for lifting sanctions, including closing Al Jazeera TV
  • 2017-08-23 Air strike on hotel in Yemen capital Sanaa by Saudi-led coalition leaves at least 30 dead
  • 2017-09-23 Women are allowed in King Fahd International Stadium in Riyadh for the first time during Saudi Arabia's 87th anniversary celebrations
  • 2017-09-26 Saudi Arabia announces it is overturning its ban on women driving - last country in the world to do so

Historic Event

2017-10-24 Crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman vows to return Saudi Arabia to moderate Islam after announcing 500bn independent economic zone

  • 2017-11-04 Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns in a shock TV broadcast from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, amid concerns he is being forcibly detained
  • 2017-11-04 Saudi Arabia arrests 11 princes and other ministers on corruption charges, including billionaire investor Prince Alwaleed bin Talal
  • 2017-11-09 Saudi Arabia's attorney general Sheikh Saud al-Mojeb says 201 more people have been held for questioning in anti-corruption drive
  • 2017-12-11 Saudi Arabia announces an end to its 35 year ban on cinemas
  • 2018-01-23 Twelve camels disqualified from the King Abdulaziz Camel beauty contest, Saudi Arabia after their owners used botox on their lips
  • 2018-03-20 Saudi Arabia’s crown prince Mohammed bin Salman meets with US President Donald Trump at the White House
  • 2018-04-18 “Black Panther” is the first film shown at a commercial cinema in 35 years in Saudi Arabia as cinemas are reopened

Famous Birthdays

  • 0695-12-31 Muhammad bin Qasim, Umayyad general, born in Ta'if, Saudi Arabia (d. 715)

Ibn Saud

1875-01-15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

  • 1883-05-20 Faisal I of Iraq, King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920–1933) & King of Iraq (1921–1933), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 1933)
  • 1902-01-15 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)

Faisal of Saudi Arabia

1906-04-09 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • 1921-03-16 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), born in Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd (d. 2005)
  • 1935-07-25 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 2017)

Osama bin Laden

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

  • 1957-05-05 Lisa Eilbacher, Saudi-American actress (Beverly Hills Cop), born in Dharan, Saudi Arabia

Jamal Khashoggi

1958-10-13 Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian progressive journalist, author, and editor in chief (Al-Arab News Channel), born in Medina, Saudi Arabia (d. 2018)

  • 1970-04-18 Saad Hariri, Lebanese-Saudi Prime Minister of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1972-08-02 Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer, born in Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-09-08 Khamis Al-Owairan, Saudi Arabian soccer midfielder (105 caps; Al-Hilal, Al Ittihad), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2020)
  • 1982-10-20 Yasser Al-Qahtani, Saudi footballer, born in Khobar, Saudi Arabia
  • 1985-03-11 Arooj Aftab, Pakistani-American singer and composer (Mohabbat), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Mohammed bin Salman

1985-08-31 Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia (2017-) and Saudi Defense Minister (2015-), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • 1987-09-06 Ramiele Malubay, Filipino-American singer, born in Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Famous Deaths

Ibn Saud

1953-11-09 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), dies of a heart attack at 78

Faisal of Saudi Arabia

1975-03-25 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), shot by nephew at 68

  • 1975-06-18 Faisal Ibn Mussed Abdul Aziz, Saudi prince, beheaded in Riyadh shopping center parking lot for killing his uncle the king
  • 1982-06-13 Abdul Aziz Khaled, King of Saudi-Arabia, dies at 69
  • 1999-05-12 Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
  • 2001-09-11 Hani Hanjour, Saudi Arabian 9/11 terrorist, dies in Pentagon plane attack at 29
  • 2005-08-01 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), dies at 84
  • 2011-10-22 Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Crown Prince (2005-11), dies at 82 or 83
  • 2015-01-23 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (2005-2015), dies at 90
  • 2016-01-02 Nimr al-Nimr, Saudi Shiite religious leader & non-violent critic of the Saudi Arabian government, executed by the Saudi authorities aged 56 or 57
  • 2017-06-06 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), dies at 81

AssassinationJamal Khashoggi

2018-10-02 Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian dissident, author, Washington Post columnist and editor in chief (Al-Arab News Channel), assassinated in the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul at 59, reportedly on the orders of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

  • 2020-01-07 Khamis Al-Owairan, Saudi Arabian soccer midfielder (105 caps; Al-Hilal, Al Ittihad), dies from cancer at 46
  • 2021-01-12 Khalid bin Abdullah Al Saud, Saudi thoroughbred racing owner and breeder (Juddmonte Farms; Dancing Brave, Enable, Frankel, Arrogate), dies at 84