Saudi Arabian History

Saudi Arabia: Jeddah - Mecca - Medina - Riyadh

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-01-15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1925-12-12 Medina surrenders to Saudi forces led by Sultan Abdulaziz Ibn Saud
  • 1925-12-17 Sultan Abdulaziz Ibn Saud conquers Jeddah, the last major stand of the Hashemites against the Saudis
  • 1926-01-08 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 1927-05-20 Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain in the Treaty of Jeddah
  • 1932-09-23 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 1939-09-11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1948-05-18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • 1950-06-17 Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia & Syria sign security pact
  • 1955-10-26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi
  • 1955-10-28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958-03-22 Under pressure King Saud appoints Faisal Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia

  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1960-12-23 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power

  • 1962-11-06 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery
  • 1964-11-02 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia
  • 1965-09-24 Saudi Arabian & Egyptian accord over Yemen
  • 1970-05-03 Trans-Arabian Pipeline delivery from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, driving oil tanker rates to all time highs
  • 1972-10-27 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-03-02 "Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum
  • 1973-10-16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1973-10-19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • 1973-12-25 Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut; Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise
  • 1974-02-12 Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement
  • 1974-06-04 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to 60 percent
  • 1974-06-08 US and Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • 1974-09-06 Saudi Arabia increases its oil buy-back price from 93 percent to 94.9 percent of posted price
  • 1975-12-12 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1979-12-13 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel
  • 1980-01-09 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1980-08-19 Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die
  • 1981-04-21 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982-06-13 Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia after King Khalid dies at 69
  • 1983-11-25 Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli

  • 1984-03-27 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines
  • 1986-12-26 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1987-07-31 Battle between Iranian pilgrims and Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed
  • 1990-07-02 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death after a panic in a tunnel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-02 Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait, Emir flees to Saudi Arabia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990-08-02 US President George H. W. Bush orders troops to Saudi Arabia

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Saudi ArabiaOperation Desert Shield

1990-08-07 US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia beginning Operation Desert Shield
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US troops in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield
US troops in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield
  • 1990-08-09 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-08-11 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
  • 1990-09-17 Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
  • 1990-09-22 Saudi Arabia expels many Jordanian & Yemeni envoys
  • 1990-11-04 US Secretary of State James Baker visits American troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1990-11-05 Reports of increasing Saudi petroleum production and lower world demand
  • 1990-11-13 Saudis ask US for rights to bid on SPR (Strategic Petroleum Reserve) crude
  • 1990-11-22 George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia
  • 1991-01-30 Iraqi troops gain control of Al Khafji inside the Saudi Arabian border
  • 1991-02-25 US, barracks in Dhahran Saudi Arabia, hit by scud missile, kills 28
  • 1991-03-13 Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC oil production cuts will take effect April 1
  • 1991-07-11 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1994-05-23 270 pilgrims die in the bustle round Mina, Saudi-Arabia
  • 1995-08-02 Saudi Arabia's King Fahd issues a decree replacing all members of the Council of Ministers who do not have blood ties to the royal Family
  • 1996-06-25 The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 U.S. servicemen
  • 1996-11-12 Saudi Arabian Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 collide in midair over Charkhi Dadri in India, killing 349 people, the third-deadliest aviation disaster in history
  • 1997-03-02 Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple
  • 2001-05-18 Saudi Arabia selects the eight foreign companies to take part in its "Gas Initiative," three core venture gas projects that have an anticipated worth of $25 billion
  • 2001-06-11 Saudi Arabia seizes ownership, effective June 7, of the 1.6-million-barrels-per-day IPSA pipeline that had carried Iraqi crude oil to the Saudi Red Sea port of Mu'jiz prior to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • 2001-06-21 A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen
  • 2003-11-09 A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2004-02-01 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2004-05-29 The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22
  • 2005-08-03 President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia
  • 2006-01-12 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims
  • 2009-11-25 Flooding in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; powerful storm brings 3 years worth of rain in 4 hours, killing over 150 people and sweeping thousands of cars away during Hajj
  • 2011-01-14 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution
  • 2012-06-19 A man is beheaded for witchcraft and sorcery in Saudi Arabia
  • 2012-06-24 Female athletes will be allowed to compete for Saudi Arabia at the Olympics for the first time
  • 2012-09-17 13 people are killed in a bus accident in Jubail, Saudi Arabia
  • 2012-09-28 Nigeria suspends flights to Saudi Arabia after hundreds of Nigerian women travelled without a male escort
  • 2012-11-01 22 people are killed and 111 injured after a fuel tanker explodes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-05-01 16 people are killed in a flash flood in Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-10-18 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria
  • 2014-02-08 15 people are killed & 130 injured in a hotel fire in Medina, Saudi Arabia
  • 2014-11-01 Australian A-League soccer club Western Sydney Wanderers draw 0-0 with Al-Hilal of Saudi Arabia in Riyadh to win the AFC Champions League, 1-0 on aggregate

CrownRoyal Coronation

2015-01-23 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia, on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah

King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  • 2015-06-26 Saudi suicide bomber kills 27 at Shia Imam al-Sadiq mosque in Kuwait, 227 injured
  • 2015-09-11 A large crane collapses killing more than 100 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-12-12 First women ever elected in Saudi Arabia in municipal council elections
  • 2016-01-02 Saudi Arabia executes 47 alleged terrorists, including Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017-05-20 US President Donald Trump begins his 1st foreign trip arriving in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2017-06-05 Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt sever ties with Qatar, citing its support of terrorist groups, Yemen, the Maldives and Libya follow suit
  • 2017-06-23 Saudi Arabia and allies, Egypt, UAE and Bahrain issue list of 13 conditions to Qatar in return for lifting sanctions, including closing Al Jazeera TV
  • 2017-08-23 Air strike on hotel in Yemen capital Sanaa by Saudi-led coalition leaves at least 30 dead
  • 2017-09-23 Women are allowed in King Fahd International Stadium in Riyadh for the first time during Saudi Arabia's 87th anniversary celebrations
  • 2017-09-26 Saudi Arabia announces it is overturning its ban on women driving - last country in the world to do so

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017-10-24 Crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman vows to return Saudi Arabia to moderate Islam after announcing 500bn independent economic zone

Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Mohammed bin Salman
  • 2017-11-04 Saudi Arabia arrests 11 princes and other ministers on corruption charges, including billionaire investor Prince Alwaleed bin Talal
  • 2017-11-04 Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns in a shock TV broadcast from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, amid concerns he is being forcibly detained
  • 2017-11-09 Saudi Arabia's attorney general Sheikh Saud al-Mojeb says 201 more people have been held for questioning in anti-corruption drive
  • 2017-12-11 Saudi Arabia announces an end to its 35 year ban on cinemas
  • 2018-01-23 Twelve camels disqualified from the King Abdulaziz Camel beauty contest, Saudi Arabia after their owners used botox on their lips
  • 2018-03-20 Saudi Arabia’s crown prince Mohammed bin Salman meets with US President Donald Trump at the White House
  • 2018-04-18 “Black Panther” is the first film shown at a commercial cinema in 35 years in Saudi Arabia as cinemas are reopened
  • 2018-04-22 Saudi-led coalition airstrike kills more than 20 at a wedding in northwestern Yemen
  • 2018-06-12 Battle for key Yemen port of Hudaydah begins with assault by Saudi backed pro-government forces against Iranian-backed Houthi rebels

Famous Birthdays

  • 0695-12-31 Muhammad bin Qasim, Umayyad general, born in Ta'if, Saudi Arabia (d. 715)

Person of interestIbn Saud

1875-01-15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1902-01-15 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)

Person of interestFaisal of Saudia Arabia

1906-04-14 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • 1921-03-16 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), born in Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd (d. 2005)
  • 1935-07-25 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 2017)

Person of interestSalman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

1935-12-31 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (2015-present), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Person of interestOsama bin Laden

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1957-05-05 Lisa Eilbacher, Saudi-American actress (Beverly Hills Cop), born in Dharan, Saudi Arabia

Person of interestJamal Khashoggi

1958-10-13 Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian progressive journalist, author, and editor in chief (Al-Arab News Channel), born in Medina, Saudi Arabia (d. 2018)

Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • 1970-04-18 Saad Hariri, Lebanese-Saudi Prime Minister of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1972-08-02 Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer, born in Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-09-08 Khamis Al-Owairan, Saudi Arabian soccer midfielder (105 caps), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1973-09-08 Khamis Al-Dossari, Saudi Arabian soccer midfielder (105 caps; Al-Hilal, Al Ittihad), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2020)
  • 1982-10-20 Yasser Al-Qahtani, Saudi footballer

Person of interestMohammed bin Salman

1985-08-31 Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia (2017-) and Saudi Defense Minister (2015-), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Mohammed bin Salman
  • 1987-09-06 Ramiele Malubay, Filipino-American singer, born in Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Famous Deaths


Person of interestIbn Saud

1953-11-09 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), dies of a heart attack at 78

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud

Person of interestFaisal of Saudia Arabia

1975-03-25 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), shot by nephew at 68

  • 1975-06-18 Faisal Ibn Mussed Abdul Aziz, Saudi prince, beheaded in Riyadh shopping center parking lot for killing his uncle the king
  • 1982-06-13 Abdul Aziz Khaled, King of Saudi-Arabia, dies at 69
  • 1999-05-12 Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
  • 2005-08-01 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), dies at 84
  • 2011-10-22 Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Crown Prince (2005-11), dies at 82 or 83
  • 2015-01-23 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (2005-2015), dies at 90
  • 2016-01-02 Nimr al-Nimr, Saudi Shiite religious leader & non-violent critic of the Saudi Arabian government, executed by the Saudi authorities aged 56 or 57
  • 2017-06-06 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), dies at 81

MurderJamal Khashoggi

2018-10-02 Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian dissident, author, Washington Post columnist and editor in chief (Al-Arab News Channel), assassinated in the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul at 59, reportedly on the orders of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • 2020-01-07 Khamis Al-Dossari, Saudi Arabian soccer midfielder (105 caps; Al-Hilal, Al Ittihad), dies from cancer at 46