The History of Mecca

Saudi Arabia: Jeddah - Medina - Riyadh

Historical Events

  • 0622-07-16 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 0624-03-13 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 0630-01-01 Prophet Muhammad sets out with an army 10,000 strong to conquer Mecca
  • 1325-06-13 Ibn Battuta begins his travels, leaving his home in Tangiers to travel to Mecca (gone 24 years)
  • 1872-09-26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.

Historic Event

1924-10-13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

  • 1975-12-12 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1979-11-20 Islamic extremists led by Juhayman al-Otaybi occupy the Grand Mosque of Mecca, declare the arrival of the Mahdi (the "redeemer of Islam") in the form of Mohammed Abdullah al-Qahtani and call for the overthrow of the House of Saud. Siege lasts two weeks with 100s killed and sets Saudi Arabia on an ultra-conservative path. [1]
  • 1980-01-09 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 1989-07-09 Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others
  • 1990-07-02 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death after a panic in a tunnel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2001-03-05 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
  • 2015-09-11 A large crane collapses killing more than 100 people in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • 2015-09-24 Stampede of people during the Hajj kills 717 people during symbolic stoning of the devil at Mina, near Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Famous Birthdays

  • 0570-04-22 Muhammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia (d. 632 AD) (approximate dates)
  • 1935-07-25 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 2017)

Famous Deaths

  • 0624-03-13 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 1931-07-04 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies