Slovakian History

Historical Events

  • 1741-12-27 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-11-14 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1918-08-30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-10-28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 1918-10-30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918-11-14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-08-14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1927-05-27 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time
  • 1934-06-10 FIFA World Cup Final, Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome, Italy: Angelo Schiavio scores the winner in extra time as Italy beats Czechoslovakia, 2-1
  • 1935-12-18 Edward Benes becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1938-04-23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

  • 1938-06-11 French Championships Men's Tennis: American Don Budge beats Roderich Menzel of Czechoslovakia 6-3, 6-2, 6-4 for the 2nd leg of his Grand Slam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1938-10-10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938-11-21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • 1939-03-14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

Declaration of WarHitler Invades Czechoslovakia

1939-03-15 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Adolf Hitler and Germany occupy and annex Czechoslovakia
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Adolf Hitler meets with Czech President Emil Hácha. After being told of the impending invasion by Germany, Hácha suffered a heart attack at the meeting.
Adolf Hitler meets with Czech President Emil Hácha. After being told of the impending invasion by Germany, Hácha suffered a heart attack at the meeting.
  • 1939-03-16 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1940-11-20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1944-08-29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 1944-10-06 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 1944-10-18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945-05-09 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 1945-06-29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946-05-26 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1947-12-10 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns

  • 1948-02-24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia and C Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948-06-14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-08-12 The canoeing program at the London Olympics concludes with Sweden (4) and Czechoslovakia (3) dominant, combining for 7 of the 9 gold medals
  • 1950-06-26 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1951-02-26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-20 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1953-03-22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1953-12-24 Two fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 in Czechoslovakia
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1957-11-19 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia

OlympicsOlympic Gold

1960-02-28 Home team United States wins its first Olympic ice hockey gold medal at Squaw Valley; with 9-4 win over Czechoslovakia

Ice Hockey Player Bob Cleary
Ice Hockey Player
Bob Cleary
  • 1960-07-11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1962-06-17 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Nacional, Santiago, Chile: Brazil go 1-down early but recover to beat Czechoslovakia, 3-1
  • 1962-07-07 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Karen Susman beats Věra Suková of Czechoslovakia 6-4, 6-4 for her only Grand Slam singles title
  • 1963-09-22 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1964-06-11 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1964-10-23 Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia finish 8-1 in inaugural Olympic men's volleyball competition in Tokyo; Soviets win 10 team round robin on count back of sets won-lost
  • 1964-10-23 Hungary beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 to win the men's football gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics
  • 1966-11-24 A Bulgarian plane with 82 people on board crashes near Bratislava, Slovakia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-01-05 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1968-03-22 Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-03-30 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-04-08 Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms

Soviet UnionWarsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968-08-20 During the night 250,000 Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
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Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces complete their invasion of Czechoslovakia by arresting the Czech leader Alexander Dubček and forcing him to sign the Moscow Protocols
  • 1968-10-16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1969-04-17 Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
  • 1969-05-21 Slovan Bratislava of Czechoslovakia win 9th European Cup Winner's Cup against FC Barcelona of Spain 3-2 in Basel
  • 1969-08-23 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno Czechoslovakia
  • 1969-08-23 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
  • 1970-01-28 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia

Sport awardFrench Open Men's Tennis

1971-06-06 French Open Men's Tennis: Defending champion Jan Kodeš of Czechoslovakia beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 8-6, 6-2, 2-6, 7-5

Tennis Champion Ilie Năstase
Tennis Champion
Ilie Năstase
  • 1972-09-10 Yugoslavia beats Czechoslovakia, 21-16 in the inaugural Olympic handball final in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973-12-11 West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czechoslovakia

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt

Sport awardAustralian Open Women's Tennis

1974-12-31 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley retains her title; beats Martina Navratilova of Czechoslovakia 6-3, 6-2

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1975-12-21 64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2)
  • 1976-01-03 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Renata Tomanova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2 for her 3rd straight home singles title
  • 1976-06-13 French Open Women's Tennis: Sue Barker of England claims her lone major singles title; beats Renáta Tomanová of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 0-6, 6-2
  • 1976-06-20 UEFA European Championship Final, Red Star Stadium, Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Czechoslovakia upsets West Germany, 5-3 on penalties following 2-2 draw a.e.t
  • 1978-03-02 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1980-12-07 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)
  • 1984-02-16 3-time men's figure skating world champion Scott Hamilton of the US wins the gold medal at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics from Brian Orser of Canada and Jozef Sabovčík of Czechoslovakia
  • 1984-02-19 Soviet Union wins its 6th Olympic ice hockey gold medal with a 2-0 win over silver medallists Czechoslovakia at the Sarajevo Winter Games
  • 1986-07-27 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)

Sport awardAustralian Open Women's Tennis

1987-01-24 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Hana Mandlíková of Czechoslovakia wins her 4th and final Grand Slam singles crown; beats Martina Navratilova 7-5, 7-6

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1987-11-11 Football striker Mark Hughes plays for Wales and Bayern Munich in 2 countries on same day; appears for Wales in 2-0 European Championship loss to Czechoslovakia in Prague, then jets to Munich for 3-2 Cup win over Borussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987-12-04 Defending champion Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia wins 3rd straight season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis title by defeating Mats Wilander of Sweden 6–2, 6–2, 6–3 in the final at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ivan Lendl
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ivan Lendl
Tennis Player and Seven-Time Major Champion Mats Wilander
Tennis Player and Seven-Time Major Champion
Mats Wilander
  • 1987-12-17 Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Husak resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-01-01 1st Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Helena Suková & Miloslav Mečíř win inaugural event for Czechoslovakia; beat Australian pair Hana Mandlíková & Pat Cash 6-2, 6-4 for 2-0 victory

Tennis Player and Gold Medalist Miloslav Mecir
Tennis Player and Gold Medalist
Miloslav Mecir
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player & Wimbledon Champion Pat Cash
Tennis Player & Wimbledon Champion
Pat Cash
  • 1989-09-10 East Germans begin their flight to west (via Hungary and Czechoslovakia)
  • 1989-11-24 Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
  • 1989-12-10 President Gustav Husak of Czechoslovakia, resigns
  • 1989-12-28 Alexander Dubček elected Chairman of the Federal Assembly (Parliament) of Czechslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-12-29 Václav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly shortly after the Velvet Revolution

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1992-01-03 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Jakob Hlasek beats Karel Nováček of Czechoslovakia 6-4, 6-4 for a 2-0 lead (ends 2-1) and Switzerland's first title
  • 1992-06-07 French Open Men's Tennis: American Jim Courier retains title; beats Petr Korda of Czechoslovakia 7-5, 6-2, 6-1
  • 1992-06-20 NHL Draft: ZPS Zlin (Czechoslovakia) defenceman Roman Hamrlik first pick by Tampa Bay Lightning
  • 1992-07-17 Slovak parliament declares independence from Czechoslovakia, beginning the so-called Velvet Divorce
  • 1992-07-20 Václav Havel resigns as President of Czechoslovakia after Slovakia declares independence
  • 1993-01-01 Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia
  • 1993-02-02 Václav Havel becomes the first president of an independent Czech Republic, after the split with Slovakia
  • 1993-11-10 Slovakian government of Vladimír Mečiar forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 219

  • 1688-01-25 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak highwayman, born in Terchová, Slovakia (d. 1713)
  • 1691-06-14 Jan Francisci, Slovak composer, born in Banská (d. 1758)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • 1720-05-15 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1746-09-20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • 1764-07-05 János Lavotta, Hungarian violinist and composer, born in Pusté Úľany, Slovakia (d. 1820)
  • 1771-08-22 Ján Josef Rösler, Czech composer, born in Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia (d. 1813)
  • 1807-01-06 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor, born in Spišská Belá, Slovakia (d. 1891)
  • 1815-10-29 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, born in Uhrovec, Austrian Empire (d. 1856)
  • 1817-08-13 Károly Thern, Hungarian composer, born in Spišská Nová Ves, Slovakia (d. 1886)
  • 1843-09-04 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Austrian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1849-02-02 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1855-04-09 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • 1864-02-17 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • 1864-09-27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1867-12-22 František Xaver Šalda, Czechoslovakian literary critic, born in Liberec, Czech Republic (d. 1937)

Person of interestEmil Hácha

1872-07-12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), born in Trhové Sviny, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

President of Czechoslovakia Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
Emil Hácha
  • 1872-12-06 Mikulas Moyzes, Slovak composer, born in Zvolenská Slatina, Slovakia (d. 1944)
  • 1874-12-22 Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer & musician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1939)
  • 1875-02-28 Viliam Figus-Bystry, Slovakian composer, born in Banská Bystrica (d. 1937)
  • 1878-02-01 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • 1880-07-21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1881-05-24 Mikuláš Schneider-Trnavský, Slovak composer, born in Trnava, Slovakia (d. 1958)
  • 1883-11-02 Frico Kafenda, Slovak composer, born in Mošovce, Slovakia (d. 1963)
  • 1884-05-28 Edvard Beneš, 2nd & 4th President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 45-48), born in Kožlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1884-12-19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1887-10-13 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (President of the First Slovak Republic), born in Bytča, Slovakia (d. 1947)
  • 1895-11-25 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), born in Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria Hungary (d. 1979)
  • 1896-01-08 Jaromir Weinberger, composer (Bird's Opera), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1896-11-23 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
  • 1899-08-19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1902-02-19 Hugo Haas, Czechoslovakian actor and director (Bait, Pick Up, 2 Smart People), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia (d. 1968)
  • 1902-12-12 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1906-07-30 Ľudovít Rajter, Slovak composer and conductor, born in Pezinok, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 2000)
  • 1906-09-04 Alexander Moyzes, Slovak composer, born in Kláštor pod Znievom, Slovensko (d. 1984)
  • 1906-09-25 Jaroslav Ježek, Czechoslovakian composer, born in Prague (d. 1942)
  • 1906-11-06 Francis Lederer, Czech actor (Diary of a Chambermaid), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2000)
  • 1907-08-29 Joseph Wechsberg, Jewish-Czech writer (Looking For a Bluebird), born in Ostrava, Moravia, Czechoslovakia (d. 1983)
  • 1907-09-23 Jarmila Novotna, soprano (Met Opera)/President of Czechoslovakia (1957-68)
  • 1908-04-05 George Schick, Czech conductor (Chicago Symphony), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • 1908-04-11 Karel Ančerl, Czechoslovak conductor (Prague/Toronto), born in Tučapy, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • 1908-09-25 Eugen Suchoň, Slovak composer, born in Pezinok, Slovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1911-02-26 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911-07-29 Jan Cikker, Slovak composer, born in Banská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary
  • 1911-12-14 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Federal Trust), born in Kraslice, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1912-02-11 Rudolf Firkusny, Napajedla Czechoslovakia, pianist (Julliard)
  • 1913-01-10 Gustav Husak, Slovak politician & president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1991)
  • 1916-06-19 George Pravda, Austria-Hungary, actor (Thunderball, Firefox), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • 1917-04-03 Tibor Andrasovan, Slovak composer, born in Slovenská Lupca, Zólyom, Austria-Hungary (d. 2001)
  • 1917-09-28 Vaclav Kaslik, Czechoslovakia, opera composer/conductor
  • 1919-01-20 Stepan Lucky, Slovak film score composer, born in Žilina, Slovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1919-07-12 Vera Ralston [Věra Helena Hrubá], Czech figure skater and actress (Dakota, Accused of Murder), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1919-09-16 Milan Harašta, Czech composer, born in Brno, Moravia Czechoslovakia (d. 1946)
  • 1919-09-24 Václav Nelhýbel, Czech-American composer (Everyman), born in Polanka, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1920-05-02 Jacob Gilboa [Erwin Goldberg], Israeli composer, born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • 1921-07-17 František Zvarík, Slovakian stage actor (Slovak National Theatre), born in Vrútky, Slovakia (d. 2008)
  • 1921-08-07 Karel Husa, Czech-American Pulitzer prize winning composer (Trojan Women), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)

Person of interestAlexander Dubček

1921-11-27 Alexander Dubček, Czechoslovak politician who headed the Czech Communist Party and was deposed after a Soviet invasion, born in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1922-07-15 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
  • 1922-09-19 Dana Zátopková, Czech javelin thrower (Olympic gold 1952), born in Fryštát, Czechoslovakia
  • 1923-03-27 Victor Hochhauser, British impresario (Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra), born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2019)
  • 1924-03-20 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), born in Staškov, Slovakia (d. 1998)
  • 1924-04-24 Yehoshua Lakner, composer, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1924-05-29 Miloslav Kříž, Czech basketball coach (Czech Women's team, German Men's team), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2013)
  • 1924-09-11 Rudolf Vrba, Slovak-Jewish biochemist and Holocaust survivor, born in Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1924-09-27 Josef Skvorecky, Czechoslovakia, writer and publisher (End of the Nylon Age, The Cowards) (d. 2012)
  • 1925-04-05 Oldrich Flosman, Czechoslovakian composer, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1998)
  • 1925-10-10 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, born in Hranice na Moravě, Czechoslovakia (d. 1994)
  • 1926-03-06 Miroslav Klega, Czech composer (Pantomime Suite), born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1926-04-26 Oldřich František Korte, Czech composer, born in Šaľa, Slovakia (d. 2014)
  • 1926-05-16 Jan Zimmer, Slovak composer, born in Ružomberok, North Slovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1926-12-09 Jan Křesadlo, Czech-British psychologist and writer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1927-02-23 Ivan Hrušovský, Slovak composer and educator (Rytmus), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 2001)
  • 1929-04-01 Milan Kundera, Czech poet and writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1929-08-08 Josef Suk, Czech composer and violinist (Artist of Merit-1977), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2011)
  • 1930-06-25 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, British Reform rabbi, born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1930-08-05 Michal Kováč, President of Slovakia
  • 1931-01-16 Vladimír Škutina, Czechoslovakian writer and actor (Hvezda jede na jih), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1931-07-06 László Tábori, Hungarian middle/long distance runner (1,500m world record 1955), born in Košice, Slovakia (d. 2018)
  • 1931-08-02 Viliam Schrojf, Slovak footballer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • 1931-12-08 Rudolf Komorous, Czech-born Canadian composer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1931-12-09 Ladislav Smoljak, Czech director, actor and screenwriter (An Uncertain Season), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2010)
  • 1931-12-15 Evald Schorm, Czech film director (Courage for Every Day), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1988)
  • 1932-02-18 Miloš Forman, Czech-American award-winning director (One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, Amadeus, The Firemen's Ball), born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (d. 2018)
  • 1932-04-28 Marek Kopelent, Czech composer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1932-12-21 Ilja Zeljenka, Slovak composer, born in Bratislava, Slovakia
  • 1933-06-22 Libor Pešek, Czech conductor (Czech Philharmonic; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1934-01-04 Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia
  • 1935-10-25 Zdeněk Pololáník, Czech composer and organist, born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1936-07-12 Jan Nemec, Czech film director (Diamonds of the Night), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)

Person of interestVáclav Havel

1936-10-05 Vaclav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague (d. 2011)

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1937-04-18 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2009)
  • 1937-05-15 Madeleine Albright, American politician and diplomat and 1st female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1937-05-29 Peter Kolman, Austrian composer, born in Bratislava, Slovakia

Person of interestTom Stoppard

1937-07-03 Tom Stoppard, Czech-born British playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1938-04-30 Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director (Crucial Years), born in Kojšov, Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-12 Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1940-05-20 Stan Mikita, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame center (4 time NHL scoring leader), born in Sokolče, Slovak Republic (d. 2018)
  • 1940-06-04 Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz, born in Most pri Bratislave, Slovakia

Famous Deaths

  • 1713-03-17 Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)
  • 1758-04-27 Jan Francisci, Slovak composer, dies at 66
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1786-05-23 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, dies of a fatal bullet wound to his chest at 39
  • 1792-04-14 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1856-01-12 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, dies at 40
  • 1919-05-04 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1921-11-08 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • 1929-05-11 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor, dies at 65
  • 1936-05-25 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, dies at 92

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1937-09-14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1938-08-16 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, dies at 1938
  • 1942-01-01 Jaroslav Ježek, Czechoslovakian composer, dies at 35
  • 1944-04-02 Mikulas Moyzes, Slovak composer, dies at 71
  • 1944-06-27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)

Person of interestEmil Hácha

1945-06-12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), dies in prison in mysterious circumstances at 72

President of Czechoslovakia Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
Emil Hácha
  • 1947-04-18 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (President of the First Slovak Republic), dies at 59
  • 1948-09-03 Eduard Benesj, president Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48), dies
  • 1948-09-03 Edvard Beneš, 2nd & 4th President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 45-48), dies at 64
  • 1953-03-14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1958-05-28 Mikuláš Schneider-Trnavský, Slovak composer, dies at 77
  • 1963-09-03 Frico Kafenda, Slovak composer, dies at 79
  • 1968-12-01 Hugo Haas, Czechoslovakian actor and director (Bait, Pick Up, 2 Smart People), dies of asthma at 66
  • 1974-01-14 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1979-09-20 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), dies at 83
  • 1983-10-12 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1984-11-20 Alexander Moyzes, Slovak composer, dies at 78
  • 1988-06-25 Hillel Slovak, Israeli musician (Anthym/What Is This?, Red Hot Chili Peppers) (b. 1962)
  • 1989-02-02 Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (b. 1951)
  • 1989-12-21 Jan Cikker, Slovak composer, dies at 78
  • 1991-11-18 Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
  • 1993-01-21 Jan Zimmer, Slovak composer, dies at 66
  • 1993-08-05 Eugen Suchoň, Slovak composer, dies at 84
  • 1994-03-03 Karel Kryl, Czechoslovak folk singer, dies at 49
  • 1994-07-19 Nathan Susskind, Slovak/US linguist (Yiddish), dies at 87
  • 1994-10-19 Oldrich Cernik, Czechoslovakia premier (1968-70), dies at 72
  • 1995-08-20 Vladimír Škutina, Czechoslovakian writer and actor (Hvezda jede na jih), dies of cancer at 64
  • 1997-04-15 Zdenek Mlynar, Czech politician (secretary of the Czechoslovak communist party, 1968–70), dies at 66
  • 1998-03-12 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), dies at 74
  • 1998-11-15 Ludvik Danek, Czechoslovak discus thrower (b. 1937)
  • 2000-07-06 Ľudovít Rajter, Slovak composer and conductor, dies at 93
  • 2003-01-14 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, dies at 100
  • 2007-09-01 Viliam Schrojf, Slovak footballer, dies at 76
  • 2008-06-11 Miroslav Dvořák, Czechoslovak ice hockey player, dies at 56
  • 2008-08-17 František Zvarík, Slovakian stage actor (Slovak National Theatre), dies at 87

Person of interestVáclav Havel

2011-12-18 Václav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), dies at 75

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel