Slovakian History

Historical Events

  • 1741-12-27 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-10-29 Tomáš Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1915-11-14 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 1918-08-30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-10-30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918-11-14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-08-14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1927-05-27 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time
  • 1934-06-10 FIFA World Cup Final: Angelo Schiavio scores the winner in extra time as Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 in Rome, Italy
  • 1935-12-18 Edward Benes becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1938-04-23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-09-21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1938-10-10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938-11-21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens
  • 1939-03-14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-03-15 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Adolf Hitler and Germany occupy and annex Czechoslovakia

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939-03-16 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1940-11-20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1944-08-29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 1944-10-06 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 1944-10-18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945-05-09 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 1945-06-29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946-05-26 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1947-12-10 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • 1948-02-24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia and C Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948-06-14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1950-06-26 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1951-02-26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-20 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1953-03-22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1953-12-24 Two fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 in Czechoslovakia
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1957-11-19 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1960-07-11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1962-06-17 FIFA World Cup Final: Brazil beats Czechoslovakia 3-1 in Santiago, Chile
  • 1963-09-22 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1964-06-11 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1966-11-24 A Bulgarian plane with 82 people on board crashes near Bratislava, Slovakia.

  • 1968-01-05 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-03-22 Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-03-30 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-04-08 Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms
  • 1968-08-20 During the night 200,000 Warsaw Pact Soviet led troops invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring
  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces complete their invasion of Czechoslovakia by arresting the Czech leader Alexander Dubček and forcing him to sign the Moscow Protocols
  • 1968-10-16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1969-04-17 Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
  • 1969-05-21 Slovan Bratislava of Czechoslovakia win 9th European Cup Winner's Cup against FC Barcelona of Spain 3-2 in Basel
  • 1969-08-23 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
  • 1970-01-28 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1975-12-21 64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2)
  • 1976-06-20 UEFA European Championship Final: Czechoslovakia upsets West Germany 5-3 on penalties following 2-2 draw after extra time in Belgrade
  • 1978-03-02 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1980-12-07 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)
  • 1986-07-27 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)
  • 1987-12-17 Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Husak resigns
  • 1989-09-10 East Germans begin their flight to west (via Hungary and Czechoslovakia)
  • 1989-11-24 Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
  • 1989-12-10 President Gustav Husak of Czechoslovakia, resigns
  • 1989-12-28 Alexander Dubček elected Chairman of the Federal Assembly (Parliament) of Czechslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-12-29 Václav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly shortly after the Velvet Revolution

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1992-07-17 Slovak parliament declares independence from Czechoslovakia, beginning the so-called Velvet Divorce
  • 1992-07-20 Václav Havel resigns as President of Czechoslovakia after Slovakia declares independence
  • 1993-01-01 Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia
  • 1993-11-10 Slovakian government of Vladimír Mečiar forms
  • 1994-03-16 Moravcik forms Slovakia government
  • 1994-09-30 Vladimir Meciars HZDDS wins Slovakia parliamentary election
  • 2001-08-01 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2002-12-13 Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-05-01 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005-02-23 Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, marking the first occasion when a sitting American President visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2005-12-04 94th Davis Cup: Croatia beats Slovak Republic in Bratislava (3-2)
  • 2006-01-19 A Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crashes in Hungary.
  • 2007-12-21 The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
  • 2009-01-01 Slovakia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the sixteenth Eurozone country.
  • 2014-03-29 Andrej Kiska is elected President of Slovakia

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 133

  • 1688-01-25 Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw (d. 1713)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • 1720-05-15 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1746-09-20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • 1807-01-06 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor (d. 1891)
  • 1815-10-29 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • 1849-02-02 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1864-02-17 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • 1864-09-27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic Priest (d. 1938)
  • 1878-02-01 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • 1880-07-21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1884-05-28 Edvard Benes, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48)
  • 1884-12-19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1886-04-17 Otto Lederer, Austrian actor (The Jazz Singer), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1887-10-13 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)
  • 1890-12-08 Bohuslav Jan Martinu, Policka Czechoslovakia, composer (Hry o Marti)
  • 1896-01-08 Jaromir Weinberger, composer (Bird's Opera), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1896-11-23 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
  • 1902-02-19 Hugo Haas, Czechoslovakian actor and director (Bait, Pick Up, 2 Smart People), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia (d. 1968)
  • 1902-05-15 Anny Ondra, Czech actress (Blackmail, Manxman), born in Tarnów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
  • 1902-12-12 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (d. 2003)
  • 1904-11-10 Steven Geray, American actor (French Line), born in Ungvár, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • 1907-09-23 Jarmila Novotna, soprano (Met Opera)/President of Czechoslovakia (1957-68)
  • 1907-11-21 Charles Korvin [Geza Korvin Karpathi], Austrian actor (Berlin Express, Ship of Fools), born in Piestany, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)
  • 1911-02-26 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911-07-29 Jan Cikker, Slovak composer, born in Banská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary
  • 1912-02-11 Rudolf Firkusny, Napajedla Czechoslovakia, pianist (Julliard)
  • 1913-05-01 Walter Susskind, Praha (Prague) Czechoslovakia, conductor
  • 1914-06-29 Rafael Kubelik, Czech conductor (Cornelia Farooli), born in Býchory, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1917-01-17 Oskar Morawetz, Svetla Czechoslovakia, composer
  • 1917-09-28 Vaclav Kaslik, Czechoslovakia, opera composer/conductor
  • 1919-09-24 Václav Nelhýbel, Czech-American composer (Everyman), born in Polanka, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1921-07-17 František Zvarík, Slovakian stage actor (Slovak National Theatre), born in Vrútky, Slovakia (d. 2008)
  • 1921-08-07 Karel Husa, composer (Trojan Women), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1922-07-15 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
  • 1924-03-20 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), born in Staškov, Slovakia (d. 1998)
  • 1924-09-27 Josef Skvorecky, Czechoslovakia, writer and publisher (End of the Nylon Age, The Cowards) (d. 2012)
  • 1926-05-16 Jan Zimmer, Slovak composer, born in Ružomberok, North Slovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1929-08-08 Josef Suk, Czech composer and violinist (Artist of Merit-1977), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2011)
  • 1930-08-05 Michal Kováč, President of Slovakia
  • 1931-08-02 Viliam Schrojf, Slovak footballer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • 1934-01-04 Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia
  • 1936-07-12 Jan Nemec, Czech film director (Diamonds of the Night), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)

Person of interestVáclav Havel

1936-10-05 Vaclav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague (d. 2011)

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1937-05-15 Madeleine Albright, American politician and diplomat and 1st female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia

Person of interestTom Stoppard

1937-07-03 Tom Stoppard, Czech playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1938-04-30 Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director
  • 1939-11-12 Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1941-03-27 Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia (2004-14), born in Poltár, Slovak Republic
  • 1942-07-26 Vladimír Mečiar, 1st and 3rd Prime Minister of Slovakia, born in Zvolen, Slovakia
  • 1943-11-02 Oldrich Pelcak, Czech cosmonaut, born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia
  • 1945-07-10 Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist, born in Kremnica, Slovakia
  • 1946-12-23 Edita Gruberova, Slovak operatic soprano
  • 1947-01-29 Marián Varga, Slovak musician
  • 1947-03-15 Juraj Kukura, Slovak actor
  • 1948-08-11 Jan Palach, Czech student protester (d. 1969)
  • 1948-09-26 Vladimir Remek, Czechoslovakia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 28)
  • 1951-01-22 Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (d. 1989)
  • 1951-10-11 Miroslav Dvořák, Czechoslovak ice hockey player, born in Hluboka, Czech Republic (d. 2008)
  • 1954-10-24 Jozef Ráž, Slovak musician
  • 1955-02-04 Mikuláš Dzurinda, Slovak Prime minister
  • 1956-09-18 Peter Šťastný, Slovak ice hockey player

Person of interestIvan Lendl

1960-03-07 Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis champion (US Open 1985-87), born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ivan Lendl
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ivan Lendl
  • 1960-07-31 lva Budarova, Czechoslovakia tennis star
  • 1960-10-28 Robert Pukalovic, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)

Person of interestHana Mandlikova

1962-02-19 Hana Mandlíková, Czech tennis player (4 Grand Slam titles), born in Prague, Czech Republic

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Hana Mandlikova
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Hana Mandlikova
  • 1962-04-13 Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1963-09-14 Jaromir Dragan, Slovak ice hockey goalie (Team Slovakia 1998), born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia
  • 1964-01-31 Oto Hascak, hockey forward (Team Slovakia 1998)

Person of interestMiloslav Mecir

1964-05-09 Miloslav Mecir, Czech tennis player (Olympic gold 1988), born in Bojnice, Czechoslovakia

Tennis Player and Gold Medalist Miloslav Mecir
Tennis Player and Gold Medalist
Miloslav Mecir
  • 1964-05-25 Ivan Bella, Slovak cosmonaut
  • 1964-09-15 Róbert Fico, Slovak Prime minister
  • 1965-01-04 Jergus Baca, Liptovsky Mikulas CZE, IHL defenseman (Team Slovakia 98)
  • 1965-06-05 Edward Hartman, Skalica CZE, hockey goalie (Team Slovakia)
  • 1965-06-22 Ľubomír Moravčík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1966-02-28 Jan Varholik, Kosice CZE, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia)
  • 1966-04-04 Stanislav Medrik, Olympic ice hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia), born in Nitra, Slovakia
  • 1967-11-26 Karol Rusznyak, hockey forward (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1967-12-07 Vaclav Chalupa, Czechoslovakia, rower (Henley Royal Regatta 1989)
  • 1968-01-06 Vlastimil Plavucha, Banska Bystrica CZ, hockey forward (Team Slovakia)
  • 1968-01-23 Lubomir Kolnik, Skalica CZ, hockey forward (Team Slovakia, Espoo)
  • 1968-08-10 Miroslav Mosner, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)

Person of interestJana Novotna

1968-10-02 Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player (Wimbledon 1998), born in Brno, Czech Republic (d. 2017)

Tennis Player Wimbledon Champion Jana Novotna
Tennis Player Wimbledon Champion
Jana Novotna
  • 1968-11-06 Vlast Plavucha, hockey forward (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1968-11-18 Lubomir Sekeras, Liptovsky CZE, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia)
  • 1968-12-28 Jozef Dano, Slovak ice hockey player (Team Slovakia 1998), born in Nitra, Slovakia
  • 1969-01-02 Robert Svehla, Martin Cze, NHL defenseman (Florida Panthers, Slovakia)
  • 1970-02-28 Jan Varholik, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1970-06-11 Roman Kontsek, hockey forward (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1970-12-02 Rene Pucher, Presov CZE, hockey forward (Team Slovakia)
  • 1970-12-24 Marian Smerciak, Martin CZE, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1970-12-26 Radka Zrubakova, Bratislava Slovakia, tennis star (1994 Futures-GER)
  • 1971-01-08 Branislav Janos, hockey forward (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1971-09-08 Jan Pardavy, hockey forward (Team Slovakia)
  • 1971-10-12 Pavol Rybar, hockey goaltender (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1972-01-01 Ivan Droppa, hockey defenseman (Team Slovakia 1998)
  • 1972-02-18 Lubomir Rybovic, Kosice CZE, hockey forward (Team Slovakia)
  • 1972-06-20 Jozef Stumpel, Nitra CZE, NHL forward (Team Slovakia, Boston)
  • 1972-09-02 Katarina Studenikova, Bratislava Slovak Rep, tennis star

Famous Deaths

  • 1713-03-17 Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1786-05-23 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, dies of a fatal bullet wound to his chest at 39
  • 1792-04-14 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1856-01-12 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language, (b. 1815)
  • 1919-05-04 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1921-11-08 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • 1929-05-11 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (b. 1864)
  • 1938-08-16 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and priest (b. 1864)
  • 1944-06-27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • 1948-09-03 Eduard Benesj, president Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48), dies
  • 1953-03-14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1963-09-03 Frico Kafenda, Slovak composer, dies at 79
  • 1974-01-14 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1983-10-12 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1985-05-01 George Pravda, Czech actor, dies at 68
  • 1988-06-25 Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born musician (Anthym/What Is This?, Red Hot Chili Peppers) (b. 1962)
  • 1989-02-02 Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (b. 1951)
  • 1989-12-21 Jan Cikker, Slovak composer, dies at 78
  • 1991-11-18 Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
  • 1993-01-21 Jan Zimmer, Slovak composer, dies at 66
  • 1994-07-19 Nathan Susskind, Slovak/US linguist (Yiddish), dies at 87
  • 1994-10-19 Oldrich Cernik, Czechoslovakia premier (1968-70), dies at 72
  • 1998-03-12 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), dies at 74
  • 1998-11-15 Ludvik Danek, Czechoslovak discus thrower (b. 1937)
  • 2003-01-14 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (b. 1902)
  • 2008-06-11 Miroslav Dvořák, Czechoslovak ice hockey player, dies at 56