Slovakian History

Historical Events

  • 1741-12-27 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1915-11-14 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

  • 1918-08-30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic
  • 1918-10-18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918-10-28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1918-10-28 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president
  • 1918-10-28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 1918-10-30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1920-02-29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • 1920-03-28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1920-08-10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920-08-14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1927-05-27 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time
  • 1934-06-10 FIFA World Cup Final, Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome, Italy: Angelo Schiavio scores the winner in extra time as Italy beats Czechoslovakia, 2-1

Historic Event

1935-12-18 Edvard Beneš becomes President of Czechoslovakia after Tomáš Masaryk retires

  • 1938-04-23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • 1938-06-11 French Championships Men's Tennis: American Don Budge beats Roderich Menzel of Czechoslovakia 6-3, 6-2, 6-4 for the 2nd leg of his Grand Slam

Historic Event

1938-09-21 British politician Winston Churchill condemns Germany's Adolf Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Treaty of Interest

1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Édouard Daladier and Neville Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany. Chamberlain infamously declares "Peace for our time" on his return to London.

  • 1938-10-01 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • 1938-10-10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1938-11-21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • 1939-03-14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-10-28 Anti-German demonstrations and strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 1940-11-20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1944-08-29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 1944-10-06 Soviet forces march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 1944-10-18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945-05-09 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 1945-06-29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946-05-26 Communist Party Leader Klement Gottwald becomes Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
  • 1947-12-10 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize control of Czechoslovakian government and Klement Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948-06-14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-08-12 The canoeing program at the London Olympics concludes with Sweden (4) and Czechoslovakia (3) dominant, combining for 7 of the 9 gold medals
  • 1950-06-26 President Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1951-02-26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins

Historic Event

1952-11-20 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

  • 1953-03-22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • 1953-12-24 Two fast express trains crash head-on killing 103 in Czechoslovakia
  • 1955-05-14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1957-11-19 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia

Olympic Gold

1960-02-28 Home team United States wins its first Olympic ice hockey gold medal at Squaw Valley; with 9-4 win over Czechoslovakia

  • 1960-07-11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1962-06-17 FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Nacional, Santiago, Chile: Brazil go 1-down early but recover to beat Czechoslovakia, 3-1
  • 1962-07-07 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Karen Susman beats Věra Suková of Czechoslovakia 6-4, 6-4 for her only Grand Slam singles title
  • 1963-09-22 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1964-06-11 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1964-10-23 Hungary beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 to win the men's football gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics
  • 1964-10-23 Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia finish 8-1 in inaugural Olympic men's volleyball competition in Tokyo; Soviets win 10 team round robin on count back of sets won-lost
  • 1966-11-24 A Bulgarian plane with 82 people on board crashes near Bratislava, Slovakia.

Historic Event

1968-01-05 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

  • 1968-03-22 Jarmila Novotna resigns presidency of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-03-30 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1968-04-08 Czechoslovakia Oldřich Černík government forms

Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968-08-20 During the night 250,000 Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring

  • 1968-08-21 Warsaw Pact forces complete their invasion of Czechoslovakia by arresting the Czech leader Alexander Dubček and forcing him to sign the Moscow Protocols
  • 1968-10-16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1969-04-17 Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
  • 1969-05-21 Slovan Bratislava of Czechoslovakia win 9th European Cup Winner's Cup against FC Barcelona of Spain 3-2 in Basel
  • 1969-08-23 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno Czechoslovakia
  • 1969-08-23 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
  • 1970-01-28 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia

French Open Men's Tennis

1971-06-06 French Open Men's Tennis: Defending champion Jan Kodeš of Czechoslovakia beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 8-6, 6-2, 2-6, 7-5

  • 1972-09-10 Yugoslavia beats Czechoslovakia, 21-16 in the inaugural Olympic handball final in Munich

Historic Event

1973-12-11 West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czechoslovakia

Davis Cup

1975-12-21 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Stockholm, Sweden: Home town hero Björn Borg beats Czech Jan Kodeš 6-4, 6-2, 6-2 to give Sweden unassailable 3-1 lead; ends 3-2

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1976-01-03 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Renata Tomanova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2 for her 3rd straight home singles title

  • 1976-06-13 French Open Women's Tennis: Sue Barker of England claims her lone major singles title; beats Renáta Tomanová of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 0-6, 6-2
  • 1976-06-20 UEFA European Championship Final, Red Star Stadium, Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Czechoslovakia upsets West Germany, 5-3 on penalties following 2-2 draw a.e.t
  • 1978-03-02 Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
  • 1980-12-07 69th Davis Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Italy in Prague (4-1)

Olympic Gold

1984-02-16 3-time men's figure skating world champion Scott Hamilton of the US wins the gold medal at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics from Brian Orser of Canada and Jozef Sabovčík of Czechoslovakia

  • 1984-02-19 Soviet Union wins its 6th Olympic ice hockey gold medal with a 2-0 win over silver medallists Czechoslovakia at the Sarajevo Winter Games
  • 1986-07-27 24th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Czechoslovakia in Prague Czech (3-0)

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1987-01-24 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Hana Mandlíková of Czechoslovakia wins her 4th and final Grand Slam singles crown; beats Martina Navratilova 7-5, 7-6

  • 1987-11-11 Football striker Mark Hughes plays for Wales and Bayern Munich in 2 countries on same day; appears for Wales in 2-0 European Championship loss to Czechoslovakia in Prague, then jets to Munich for 3-2 Cup win over Borussia

Sports History

1987-12-04 Defending champion Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia wins 3rd straight season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix tennis title by defeating Mats Wilander of Sweden 6–2, 6–2, 6–3 in the final at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1987-12-17 Czechoslovak party leader Gustav Husak resigns

Hopman Cup

1989-01-01 1st Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Helena Suková & Miloslav Mečíř win inaugural event for Czechoslovakia; beat Australian pair Hana Mandlíková & Pat Cash 6-2, 6-4 for 2-0 victory

  • 1989-09-10 East Germans begin their flight to west (via Hungary and Czechoslovakia)
  • 1989-11-24 Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
  • 1989-12-10 President Gustav Husak of Czechoslovakia, resigns
  • 1989-12-28 Alexander Dubček elected Chairman of the Federal Assembly (Parliament) of Czechslovakia

Historic Event

1989-12-29 Václav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly shortly after the Velvet Revolution

  • 1992-01-03 Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Jakob Hlasek beats Karel Nováček of Czechoslovakia 6-4, 6-4 for a 2-0 lead (ends 2-1) and Switzerland's first title
  • 1992-06-07 French Open Men's Tennis: American Jim Courier retains title; beats Petr Korda of Czechoslovakia 7-5, 6-2, 6-1
  • 1992-06-20 NHL Draft: ZPS Zlin (Czechoslovakia) defenceman Roman Hamrlik first pick by Tampa Bay Lightning
  • 1992-07-17 Slovak parliament declares independence from Czechoslovakia, beginning the so-called Velvet Divorce
  • 1992-07-20 Václav Havel resigns as President of Czechoslovakia after Slovakia declares independence
  • 1993-01-01 Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia
  • 1993-02-02 Václav Havel becomes the first president of an independent Czech Republic, after the split with Slovakia
  • 1993-11-10 Slovakian government of Vladimír Mečiar forms
  • 1994-03-16 Moravcik forms Slovakia government
  • 1994-09-30 Vladimir Meciars HZDDS wins Slovakia parliamentary election

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 217

  • 1688-01-25 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak outlaw-highwayman, born in Terchová, Slovakia (d. 1713)
  • 1691-06-14 Jan Francisci, Slovakorganist and composer born in Neusohl, Kingdom of Hungary (now Banská Bystrica, Slovakia) (d. 1758)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • 1720-05-15 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1746-09-20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • 1764-07-05 János Lavotta, Hungarian violinist and composer, born in Pusté Úľany, Slovakia (d. 1820)
  • 1771-08-22 Ján Josef Rösler, Czech composer, born in Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia (d. 1813)
  • 1807-01-06 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor, born in Spišská Belá, Slovakia (d. 1891)
  • 1815-10-29 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, born in Uhrovec, Austrian Empire (d. 1856)
  • 1817-08-13 Károly Thern, Hungarian composer, born in Spišská Nová Ves, Slovakia (d. 1886)
  • 1843-09-04 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Austrian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1849-02-02 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

  • 1855-04-09 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • 1864-02-17 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • 1864-09-27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1867-12-22 František Xaver Šalda, Czechoslovakian literary critic, born in Liberec, Czech Republic (d. 1937)

Emil Hácha

1872-07-12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), born in Trhové Sviny, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

  • 1872-12-06 Mikulas Moyzes, Slovak composer, born in Zvolenská Slatina, Slovakia (d. 1944)
  • 1874-12-22 Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer & musician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1939)
  • 1875-02-28 Viliam Figus-Bystry, Slovakian composer, born in Banská Bystrica (d. 1937)
  • 1878-02-01 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • 1880-07-21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1881-05-24 Mikuláš Schneider-Trnavský, Slovak composer, born in Trnava, Slovakia (d. 1958)
  • 1883-11-02 Frico Kafenda, Slovak composer, born in Mošovce, Slovakia (d. 1963)

Edvard Beneš

1884-05-28 Edvard Beneš, Czech politician, statesman, and 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 1945-48), born in Kožlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)

  • 1884-12-19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1887-10-13 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (President of the First Slovak Republic), born in Bytča, Slovakia (d. 1947)
  • 1895-11-25 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), born in Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria Hungary (d. 1979)
  • 1896-01-08 Jaromir Weinberger, composer (Bird's Opera), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1896-11-23 Klement Gottwald, Czech communist politician, Premier and President of Czechoslovakia (1946-53), born in Vyškov, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1899-08-19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1902-02-19 Hugo Haas, Czechoslovakian actor and director (Bait, Pick Up, 2 Smart People), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia (d. 1968)
  • 1902-12-12 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1906-07-30 Ľudovít Rajter, Slovak composer and conductor, born in Pezinok, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 2000)
  • 1906-09-04 Alexander Moyzes, Slovak composer, born in Kláštor pod Znievom, Slovensko (d. 1984)
  • 1906-09-25 Jaroslav Ježek, Czechoslovakian composer, born in Prague (d. 1942)
  • 1906-11-06 Francis Lederer, Czech actor (Diary of a Chambermaid), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2000)
  • 1907-08-29 Joseph Wechsberg, Jewish-Czech writer (Looking For a Bluebird), born in Ostrava, Moravia, Czechoslovakia (d. 1983)
  • 1907-09-23 Jarmila Novotna, soprano (Met Opera)/President of Czechoslovakia (1957-68)
  • 1908-04-05 George Schick, Czech conductor (Chicago Symphony, 1950-56; Metropolitan Opera, 1958-69), and educator, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic) (d. 1985)
  • 1908-04-11 Karel Ančerl, Czechoslovak conductor (Czech Philharmonic, 1950-68; Toronto Symphony, 1968-73), composer, and Auschwitz survivor, born in Tučapy, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • 1908-09-25 Eugen Suchoň, Slovak organist and composer (Krútňava (The Whirlpool); Psalm of the Carpathian Lands; Kaleidoscope), and music educator, born in Pezinok, d Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Slovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1911-02-26 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911-07-29 Ján Cikker, Slovak composer, born in Banská Bystrica, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1911-12-14 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Federal Trust), born in Kraslice, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1912-02-11 Rudolf Firkusny, Napajedla Czechoslovakia, pianist (Julliard)
  • 1913-01-10 Gustav Husak, Slovak politician & president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1991)
  • 1916-06-19 George Pravda, Austria-Hungary, actor (Thunderball, Firefox), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1985)
  • 1917-04-03 Tibor Andrasovan, Slovak composer, born in Slovenská Lupca, Zólyom, Austria-Hungary (d. 2001)
  • 1917-09-28 Václav Kašlík, Czech opera composer (Krakatit), conductor, and director, born in Poličná, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1989)
  • 1919-01-20 Stepan Lucky, Slovak film score composer, born in Žilina, Slovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1919-07-12 Vera Ralston [Věra Helena Hrubá], Czech figure skater and actress (Dakota, Accused of Murder), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1919-09-16 Milan Harašta, Czech composer, born in Brno, Moravia Czechoslovakia (d. 1946)
  • 1919-09-24 Václav Nelhýbel, Czech-American composer (Everyman), born in Polanka, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1920-05-02 Jacob Gilboa [Erwin Goldberg], Israeli composer, born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • 1921-07-17 František Zvarík, Slovakian stage actor (Slovak National Theatre), born in Vrútky, Slovakia (d. 2008)
  • 1921-08-07 Karel Husa, Czech-American Pulitzer prize winning composer (Trojan Women), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)

Alexander Dubček

1921-11-27 Alexander Dubček, Slovak politician who headed the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and was deposed after the Soviet invasion, born in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia) (d. 1992)

  • 1922-07-15 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
  • 1922-09-19 Dana Zátopková, Czech javelin thrower (Olympic gold 1952), born in Fryštát, Czechoslovakia
  • 1923-03-27 Victor Hochhauser, British impresario (Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra), born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2019)
  • 1924-03-20 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), born in Staškov, Slovakia (d. 1998)
  • 1924-04-24 Yehoshua Lakner, composer, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1924-05-29 Miloslav Kříž, Czech basketball coach (Czech Women's team, German Men's team), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2013)
  • 1924-09-11 Rudolf Vrba, Slovak-Jewish biochemist and Holocaust survivor, born in Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1924-09-27 Josef Skvorecky, Czechoslovakia, writer and publisher (End of the Nylon Age, The Cowards) (d. 2012)
  • 1925-04-05 Oldřich Flosman, Czechoslovakian composer (Visions of Michelangelo; Butterflies Don't Live Here Any Longer), born in Pilseň, Czech Republic (d. 1998)
  • 1925-10-10 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, born in Hranice na Moravě, Czechoslovakia (d. 1994)
  • 1926-03-06 Miroslav Klega, Czech composer (Pantomime Suite), born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1926-04-26 Oldřich František Korte, Czech composer, born in Šaľa, Slovakia (d. 2014)
  • 1926-05-16 Jan Zimmer, Slovak composer, born in Ružomberok, North Slovakia (d. 1993)
  • 1926-12-09 Jan Křesadlo, Czech-British psychologist and writer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1927-02-23 Ivan Hrušovský, Slovak composer and educator (Rytmus), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 2001)
  • 1929-04-01 Milan Kundera, Czech-French poet and novelist (The Joke: The Unbearable Lightness of Being; Immortality), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1929-08-08 Josef Suk, Czech concert violinist (Artist of Merit, 1977), violist, and namesake of composer grandfather, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2011)
  • 1930-06-25 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, British Reform rabbi, born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1930-08-05 Michal Kováč, 1st President of Slovakia (1993-98), born in Ľubiša, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)
  • 1931-01-16 Vladimír Škutina, Czechoslovakian writer and actor (Hvezda jede na jih), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1931-07-06 László Tábori, Hungarian middle/long distance runner (1,500m world record 1955), born in Košice, Slovakia (d. 2018)
  • 1931-08-02 Viliam Schrojf, Slovak soccer goalkeeper (39 caps Czechoslovakia; Slovan Bratislava 240 games), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • 1931-12-08 Rudolf Komorous, Czech-born Canadian composer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1931-12-09 Ladislav Smoljak, Czech director, actor and screenwriter (An Uncertain Season), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2010)
  • 1931-12-15 Evald Schorm, Czech film director (Courage for Every Day), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1988)
  • 1932-02-18 Miloš Forman, Czech-American award-winning director (One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, Amadeus, The Firemen's Ball), born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (d. 2018)
  • 1932-04-28 Marek Kopelent, Czech composer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1932-12-21 Ilja Zeljenka, Slovak composer (Oświęcim), born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia) (d. 2007)
  • 1933-06-22 Libor Pešek, Czech conductor (Czech Philharmonic; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1934-01-04 Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia
  • 1935-10-25 Zdeněk Pololáník, Czech composer and organist, born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1936-07-12 Jan Nemec, Czech film director (Diamonds of the Night), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)

Václav Havel

1936-10-05 Vaclav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague (d. 2011)

  • 1937-04-18 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2009)

Madeleine Albright

1937-05-15 Madeleine Albright (née Korbell), American diplomat (UN Delegate, 1993-97), and 1st female US Secretary of State (1997-2001), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2022)

  • 1937-05-29 Peter Kolman, Austrian composer, born in Bratislava, Slovakia

Tom Stoppard

1937-07-03 Tom Stoppard, Czech-born British playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

  • 1938-04-30 Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director (Crucial Years), born in Kojšov, Czechoslovakia
  • 1939-11-12 Lucia Popp [Poppová], Slovakian operatic soprano, born in Záhorská Ves, Slovak State (now Slovakia) (d. 1993)
  • 1940-05-20 Stan Mikita, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame center (Stanley Cup 1961; Hart Memorial Trophy [MVP] 1967, 68; 6 x NHL First All-Star Team), born in Sokolče, Slovak Republic (d. 2018)
  • 1940-06-04 Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz, born in Most pri Bratislave, Slovakia

Famous Deaths

  • 1713-03-17 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak outlaw-highwayman, executed at 25
  • 1758-04-27 Jan Francisci, Slovak composer, dies at 66
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1786-05-23 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, dies of a fatal bullet wound to his chest at 39
  • 1792-04-14 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1856-01-12 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, dies at 40
  • 1919-05-04 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1921-11-08 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • 1929-05-11 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor, dies at 65
  • 1936-05-25 Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer, dies at 92

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1937-09-14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

  • 1938-08-16 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, dies at 1938
  • 1942-01-01 Jaroslav Ježek, Czechoslovakian composer, dies at 35
  • 1944-04-02 Mikulas Moyzes, Slovak composer, dies at 71
  • 1944-06-27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)

Emil Hácha

1945-06-12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), dies in prison in mysterious circumstances at 72

  • 1947-04-18 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (President of the First Slovak Republic), dies at 59

Edvard Beneš

1948-09-03 Edvard Beneš, Czech politician, statesman, and 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 1945-48), dies at 64

  • 1953-03-14 Klement Gottwald, Czech Communist politician, Premier and President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1958-05-28 Mikuláš Schneider-Trnavský, Slovak composer, dies at 77
  • 1963-09-03 Frico Kafenda, Slovak composer, dies at 79
  • 1968-12-01 Hugo Haas, Czechoslovakian actor and director (Bait, Pick Up, 2 Smart People), dies of asthma at 66
  • 1974-01-14 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1979-09-20 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), dies at 83
  • 1983-10-12 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1984-11-20 Alexander Moyzes, Slovak composer, dies at 78
  • 1988-06-25 Hillel Slovak, Israeli musician (Anthym/What Is This?, Red Hot Chili Peppers) (b. 1962)
  • 1989-02-02 Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (Olympic gold men's singles 1972; World C'ships gold 1971, 72, 73), dies from cancer of the lymph nodes at 38
  • 1989-12-21 Ján Cikker, Slovak composer, dies at 78
  • 1991-11-18 Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
  • 1993-01-21 Jan Zimmer, Slovak composer, dies at 66
  • 1993-08-05 Eugen Suchoň, Slovak organist and composer (Krútňava (The Whirlpool); Psalm of the Carpathian Lands; Kaleidoscope), and music educator, dies at 84
  • 1994-03-03 Karel Kryl, Czechoslovak folk singer, dies at 49
  • 1994-07-19 Nathan Susskind, Slovak/US linguist (Yiddish), dies at 87
  • 1994-10-19 Oldrich Cernik, Czechoslovakia premier (1968-70), dies at 72
  • 1995-08-20 Vladimír Škutina, Czechoslovakian writer and actor (Hvezda jede na jih), dies of cancer at 64
  • 1997-04-15 Zdenek Mlynar, Czech politician (secretary of the Czechoslovak communist party, 1968–70), dies at 66
  • 1998-03-12 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), dies at 74
  • 1998-11-15 Ludvik Danek, Czechoslovak discus thrower (b. 1937)
  • 2000-07-06 Ľudovít Rajter, Slovak composer and conductor, dies at 93
  • 2003-01-14 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, dies at 100
  • 2007-09-01 Viliam Schrojf, Slovak soccer goalkeeper (39 caps Czechoslovakia; Slovan Bratislava 240 games), dies at 76
  • 2008-06-11 Miroslav Dvořák, Czech ice hockey defenseman (World C'ship gold 1976, 77; Olympic silver 1976; Philadelphia Flyers, TJ Motor České Budějovice), dies from throat cancer at 56
  • 2008-08-17 František Zvarík, Slovakian stage actor (Slovak National Theatre), dies at 87

Václav Havel

2011-12-18 Václav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), dies at 75