Slovenian History

Historical Events

  • 1778-08-26 First recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia by Balthasar Hacquet
  • 1917-07-20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • 1919-05-29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929)
  • 1921-03-19 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded
  • 1927-03-10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1929-10-03 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia
  • 1945-05-15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia
  • 1990-12-23 Slovenians vote to secede from Yugoslavia

Historic Event

1991-06-25 Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia

  • 1998-04-12 An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale occurs near the town of Bovec.
  • 2000-11-17 A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
  • 2001-08-01 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2002-12-13 The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-05-01 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
  • 2004-06-28 Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2007-01-01 Slovenia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the thirteenth Eurozone country.
  • 2007-12-21 The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
  • 2008-08-13 Italian swimmer Federica Pellegrini sets new world record 1:54.82 to claim 200m freestyle gold medal at the Beijing Olympics; runner-up Sara Isaković is Slovenia's first Olympic swim medal winner
  • 2012-08-23 Four people are killed and 28 injured in a hot air ballooning accident in Slovenia
  • 2012-12-02 Borut Pahor is elected President of Slovenia
  • 2014-02-12 Switzerland’s Dominique Gisin and Tina Maze of Slovenia tie for gold in the women’s downhill event at 1:41.57s at the Sochi Winter Games; first-ever dead-heat in Olympic alpine skiing
  • 2016-03-09 EU Migrant Crisis: Macedonia, Croatia and Slovenia close their borders to migrants trying to reach Northern Europe

Famous Birthdays

  • 1486-08-23 Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, born in Vipava, Slovenia (d. 1566)
  • 1508-06-09 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
  • 1641-05-28 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, Slovenian polymath and natural historian, born in Laibach, Carniola (d. 1693)
  • 1679-09-28 Mihael Omerza, Slovenian composer, born in Kamnik, Slovekia (d. 1742)
  • 1734-07-27 Jakob Zupan, Slovenian composer, born in Schrott, Upper Styria (d. 1810)
  • 1754-03-23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1780-08-21 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slovenian Grammar), born in Repnje, Slovenia (d. 1844)
  • 1794-01-06 Kaspar Masek, Czech-Slovenian composer, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1873)
  • 1800-12-03 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici), born in Vrba, Carniola, Habsburg Monarchy (d. 1849)
  • 1810-06-30 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (illyrism), born in Cerovec in Lower Styria, Austrian Empire (d. 1851)
  • 1813-11-29 Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • 1824-02-16 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1829-12-24 Benjamin Ipavec, Slovene Romantic composer, born in Šentjur, Slovenia (d. 1909)
  • 1835-11-09 Davorin Jenko, Slovene-Serbian composer, born in Dvorje, Slovenia (d. 1914)
  • 1840-10-05 Fran Gerbič, Slovenian composer and tenor, born in Cerknica (d. 1917)
  • 1844-03-04 Josip Jurcic, Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 1853-02-06 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist, born in Trebnje, Slovenia (d. 1901)
  • 1860-03-13 Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer, born in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia (d. 1903)
  • 1861-12-20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1926)
  • 1871-02-09 Fran Saleški Finžgar, Slovene folk writer (Our Blood, Service Girls), born in Doslovče, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1872-01-23 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1957)
  • 1873-12-11 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, born in Bled, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1878-01-23 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom), born in Vinica, Črnomelj, Slovenia (d. 1949)
  • 1882-11-10 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), born in Maribor, Slovenia (d. 1971)
  • 1885-06-22 Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • 1887-05-30 Gino Tagliapietra, Italian pianist and composer (Antologia di musica antica e moderna per pianoforte), born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1954)
  • 1888-12-16 Alexander I, king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1921–29) and of Yugoslavia (1929–34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • 1890-01-01 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
  • 1892-12-12 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket engineer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1893-08-10 Voranc Prezikov [Lovro Kuhar], Slovenian author (Samorastniki)
  • 1895-05-27 Marij Kogoj, Slovenian composer, born in Trieste (d. 1956)
  • 1895-06-17 Slavko Osterc, Slovenian composer (Iz Satanovega Dnevnika (From Satan's Diary); Illusions), and pedagogue, born in Veržej, Austria-Hungary (now Slovenia) (d. 1941)
  • 1898-11-12 Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
  • 1900-12-17 Lucijan Marija Škerjajanc, Slovene pianist, composer, conductor, and teacher, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1901-01-31 Blaž Arnič, Slovenian composer, born near Mount Raduha, Austria-Hungary (d. 1970)
  • 1902-04-02 Danilo Svara, Slovenian composer, born in San Giuseppe, Trieste, Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1904-03-18 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1905-02-10 Vilko Ukmar, Slovenian composer, born in Postojna, Slovenia (d. 1991)
  • 1907-01-05 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), born in Spodnja Polskava, Slovenia (d. 1992)
  • 1907-06-04 Marjan Kozina, Slovene composer, born in Novo mesto, Slovenia (d. 1966)
  • 1908-02-02 Pavel Sivic, Slovenian composer, born in Radovljica, Slovenia (d. 1995)
  • 1921-02-08 Nexhmije Hoxha, Albanian wife of dictator Enver Hoxha 'Lady Macbeth of Albania', born in Manastir, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2020)
  • 1922-02-21 Uroš Krek, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana (d. 2008)

Franjo TuđmanFranjo Tuđman (1922-1999)

1922-05-14 Croatian politician and President of Croatia (1990-1999), born in Veliko Trgovišće, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

  • 1924-04-01 Čkalja [Miodrag Petrović], Serbian actor and one of the most popular comedians of former Yugoslavia, born in Kruševac, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2003)
  • 1925-05-12 John Simon, American author, literary and theater critic (NY Times), born in Subotica, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1927-07-12 Pavle Merku, Italian-Slovene composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Trieste (d. 2014)
  • 1927-08-22 Aleksandar Obradovic, Serbian composer, born in Bled, Slovenia (d. 2001)
  • 1928-11-23 Jakob Jez, Slovenian composer, born in Boštanj, Slovenia
  • 1929-11-02 Milan Stibilj, Slovenian composer (Zoom; Apokatastasis - Slovene Requiem), born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 2014)
  • 1929-11-26 Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian polka and Oberkrain ethnic accordionist, piano player and composers (Avsenik Brothers Ensemble), born in Begunje, Slovenia (d. 2015)
  • 1931-06-16 Ivo Petric, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 2018)
  • 1931-06-27 Alojz Srebotnjak, Slovenian composer, born in Postojna, Slovenia (d. 2010)
  • 1931-08-26 Dane Škerl, Slovene conductor, composer (Rhapsodic Symphony), and teacher, born in Ljubljana, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now of Slovenia) (d. 2002)
  • 1932-12-15 Igor Stuhec, Slovenian composer, born in Kremberk
  • 1933-02-28 Miro Steržaj, Slovenian 9-pin bowler
  • 1933-04-29 Darijan Božič, Slovenian composer and conductor, born in Slavonski Brod, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (d. 2018)
  • 1934-03-04 Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist,, and author (We Are Such Stuff As Dreams Are Made Of), born in Ljubljana, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now Slovenia) (d. 2017)
  • 1934-08-23 Lojze Lebič, Slovenian composer (Myths and Apocrypha), peadagogue, and musicologist, born in Prevalje, Slovenia

Nino BenvenutiNino Benvenuti (84 years old)

1938-04-26 Italian boxer (world middleweight champion), born in Izola, Slovenia

  • 1938-08-11 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • 1939-10-05 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-Canadian industrialist, born in Graz, Austria
  • 1941-01-14 Milan Kučan, Slovenian statesman, born in Križevci, Gornji Petrovci, Slovenia
  • 1942-12-30 Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian
  • 1947-05-27 Branko Oblak, Slovenian soccer midfielder (46 caps Yugoslavia; NK Olimpija, Hajduk Split, Schalke 04, Bayern Munich) and manager (Slovenia 2004-06), born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1949-03-21 Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1950-05-17 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian politician
  • 1952-04-17 Arkan [Željko Ražnatović], Serbian paramilitary leader, born in Brežice, Slovenia (d. 2000)
  • 1954-10-01 Martin Strel, Slovenian long distance swimmer (Danube, Mississippi, Yangtze, Amazon River records), born in Mokronog, Slovenia
  • 1959-01-15 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber, born in Setnica, Slovenia (d. 2008)
  • 1962-03-28 Jure Franko, Slovenian-Yugoslav alpine skier, born in Nova Gorica, Slovenia
  • 1963-07-16 Srečko Katanec, Slovenian footballer and coach, born in Ljubljana, SFR Yugoslavia
  • 1966-02-05 Rok Petrovič, Slovenian skier, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1993)
  • 1967-06-24 Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director

Melania TrumpMelania Trump (52 years old)

1970-04-26 Slovenian-American model, wife of former President Donald Trump and First Lady of the United States (2017-21), born in Novo Mesto, Yugoslavia

  • 1971-02-01 Zlatko Zahovič, Slovenian soccer midfielder (80 caps; Partizan, Porto, Benfica), born in Maribor, Slovenia
  • 1972-04-24 Jure Košir, Slovenian alpine skier, born in Jesenice, Yugoslavia
  • 1972-06-24 Denis Zvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1973-12-21 Karmen Stavec, German-born Slovenian singer, born in West Berlin
  • 1976-10-14 Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1979-02-15 Alenka Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer, born in Kranj, Slovenia
  • 1979-02-28 Primož Peterka, Slovenian ski jumper, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1979-05-18 Milivoje Novakovič, Slovenian footballer, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1982-07-29 Janez Aljančič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1982-09-13 Miha Zupan, Slovenian basketball player, born in Kranj, Slovenia
  • 1984-05-01 Mišo Brečko, Slovenian soccer defender (77 caps; FC Köln, FC Nürnberg), born in Trbovlje, Slovenia
  • 1987-05-10 Anej Lovrečič, Slovenian football (soccer) player
  • 1987-08-24 Anže Kopitar, Slovenian ice hockey player, born in Jesenice, Slovenia
  • 1987-08-25 Luka Šulić, Slovenian-Croatian cellist (2Cellos), born in Maribor, Slovenia
  • 1999-02-28 Luka Dončić, Slovenian basketball guard (EuroLeague MVP 2018; NBA Rookie of the Year 2019; Dallas Mavericks), born in Ljubljana, Slovenia

Famous Deaths

  • 1586-06-28 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1693-09-19 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, Slovenian polymath and natural historian, dies at 52
  • 1742-04-23 Mihael Omerza, Slovenian composer, dies at 62
  • 1802-09-26 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician and military officer (b. 1754)
  • 1844-08-11 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 1849-02-08 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 1851-05-24 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 1893-01-07 Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1901-09-05 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
  • 1911-01-09 Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1912-06-10 Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • 1914-11-25 Davorin Jenko, Slovene-Serbian composer, dies at 79
  • 1917-03-29 Fran Gerbič, Slovenian composer, dies at 76
  • 1926-05-27 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1926-12-04 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian-born painter (b. 1861)
  • 1926-12-10 Nikola Pašić, Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes prime minister (b. 1845)
  • 1929-08-27 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket scientist, dies at 36
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1941-05-23 Slavko Osterc, Slovenian composer (Iz Satanovega Dnevnika (From Satan's Diary); Illusions), and pedagogue, dies at 45
  • 1956-02-25 Marij Kogoj, Slovenian composer, dies at 59
  • 1962-06-02 Fran Saleški Finžgar, Slovene folk writer (Our Blood, Service Girls), dies at 91
  • 1966-06-08 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
  • 1966-06-19 Marjan Kozina, Slovene composer, dies at 59
  • 1967-05-22 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, dies at 93
  • 1995-05-31 Pavel Sivic, Slovenian composer, dies at 87
  • 1999-11-08 Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898)
  • 2008-02-23 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
  • 2008-05-03 Uroš Krek, Slovenian composer, dies at 85
  • 2008-08-25 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer (b. 1959)
  • 2010-12-01 Alojz Srebotnjak, Slovenian composer, dies at 79
  • 2011-10-20 Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator (b. 1928)
  • 2014-10-20 Pavle Merku, Italian-Slovene composer and ethnomusicologist, dies at 87
  • 2015-07-02 Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian polka and Oberkrain ethnic accordionist, piano player and composers (Avsenik Brothers Ensemble), dies at 85
  • 2018-05-07 Miki Muster, Slovenian artist, dies at 92