Slovenian History

Historical Events

  • 1778-08-26 The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
  • 1917-07-20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • 1919-05-29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929)
  • 1921-03-19 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded
  • 1927-03-10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1929-10-03 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia
  • 1945-05-15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia
  • 1990-12-23 Slovenians vote to secede from Yugoslavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991-06-25 Slovenia and Croatia declare independence from Yugoslavia

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • 1998-04-12 An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale occurs near the town of Bovec.
  • 2000-11-17 A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
  • 2001-08-01 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2002-12-13 Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-05-01 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
  • 2004-06-28 Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2007-01-01 Slovenia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the thirteenth Eurozone country.
  • 2007-12-21 The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
  • 2008-08-13 Italian swimmer Federica Pellegrini sets new world record 1:54.82 to claim 200m freestyle gold medal at the Beijing Olympics; runner-up Sara Isaković is Slovenia's first Olympic swim medal winner
  • 2012-08-23 Four people are killed and 28 injured in a hot air ballooning accident in Slovenia
  • 2012-12-02 Borut Pahor is elected President of Slovenia
  • 2014-02-12 Switzerland’s Dominique Gisin and Tina Maze of Slovenia tie for gold in the women’s downhill event at 1:41.57s at the Sochi Winter Games; first-ever dead-heat in Olympic alpine skiing
  • 2016-03-09 EU Migrant Crisis: Macedonia, Croatia and Slovenia close their borders to migrants trying to reach Northern Europe

Famous Birthdays

  • 1486-08-23 Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, born in Vipava, Slovenia (d. 1566)
  • 1508-06-09 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
  • 1641-05-28 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, Slovenian polymath and natural historian, born in Laibach, Carniola (d. 1693)
  • 1679-09-28 Mihael Omerza, Slovenian composer, born in Kamnik, Slovekia (d. 1742)
  • 1734-07-27 Jakob Zupan, Slovenian composer, born in Schrott, Upper Styria (d. 1810)
  • 1754-03-23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1780-08-21 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slovenian Grammar), born in Repnje, Slovenia (d. 1844)
  • 1794-01-06 Kaspar Masek, Czech-Slovenian composer, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1873)
  • 1800-12-03 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici), born in Vrba, Carniola, Habsburg Monarchy (d. 1849)
  • 1810-06-30 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (illyrism), born in Cerovec in Lower Styria, Austrian Empire (d. 1851)
  • 1813-11-29 Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • 1824-02-16 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1829-12-24 Benjamin Ipavec, Slovene Romantic composer, born in Šentjur, Slovenia (d. 1909)
  • 1835-11-09 Davorin Jenko, Slovene-Serbian composer, born in Dvorje, Slovenia (d. 1914)
  • 1840-10-05 Fran Gerbič, Slovenian composer and tenor, born in Cerknica (d. 1917)
  • 1844-03-04 Josip Jurcic, Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 1853-02-06 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist, born in Trebnje, Slovenia (d. 1901)
  • 1860-03-13 Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer, born in Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia (d. 1903)
  • 1861-12-20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1926)
  • 1871-02-09 Fran Saleški Finžgar, Slovene folk writer (Our Blood, Service Girls), born in Doslovče, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1862)
  • 1872-01-23 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1957)
  • 1873-12-11 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, born in Bled, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1878-01-23 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom), born in Vinica, Črnomelj, Slovenia (d. 1949)
  • 1882-11-10 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), born in Maribor, Slovenia (d. 1971)
  • 1885-06-22 Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • 1887-05-30 Gino Tagliapietra, Italian pianist and composer (Antologia di musica antica e moderna per pianoforte), born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1954)
  • 1888-12-16 Alexander I, king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (1921–29) and of Yugoslavia (1929–34), born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1934)
  • 1890-01-01 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
  • 1892-12-12 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket engineer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1893-08-10 Voranc Prezikov, [Lovro Kuhar], Slovenian author (Samorastniki)
  • 1895-05-27 Marij Kogoj, Slovenian composer, born in Trieste (d. 1956)
  • 1895-06-17 Slavko Osterc, Slovenian composer, born in Veržej, Slovenia (d. 1941)
  • 1898-11-12 Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
  • 1900-12-17 Lucijan Marija Škerjajanc, Slovene pianist/composer/conductor/teacher, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1901-01-31 Blaž Arnič, Slovenian composer, born near Mount Raduha, Austria-Hungary (d. 1970)
  • 1902-04-02 Danilo Svara, Slovenian composer, born in San Giuseppe, Trieste, Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1904-03-18 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1905-02-10 Vilko Ukmar, Slovenian composer
  • 1907-01-05 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), born in Spodnja Polskava, Slovenia (d. 1992)
  • 1907-06-04 Marjan Kozina, Slovene composer, born in Novo mesto, Slovenia (d. 1966)
  • 1908-02-02 Pavel Sivic, Slovenian composer, born in Radovljica, Slovenia (d. 1995)
  • 1921-02-08 Nexhmije Hoxha, Albanian wife of dictator Enver Hoxha 'Lady Macbeth of Albania', born in Manastir, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2020)
  • 1922-02-21 Uroš Krek, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana (d. 2008)

Person of interestFranjo Tuđman

1922-05-14 Franjo Tuđman, Croatian politician and President of Croatia (1990-1999), born in Veliko Trgovišće, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 1999)

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • 1924-04-01 Čkalja [Miodrag Petrović], Serbian actor and one of the most popular comedians of former Yugoslavia, born in Kruševac, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2003)
  • 1925-05-12 John Simon, American author, literary and theater critic (NY Times), born in Subotica, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1927-07-12 Pavle Merku, Italian-Slovene composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Trieste (d. 2014)
  • 1927-08-22 Aleksandar Obradovic, Serbian composer, born in Bled, Slovenia (d. 2001)
  • 1928-11-23 Jakob Jez, Slovenian composer, born in Boštanj
  • 1929-11-02 Milan Stibilj, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1929-11-26 Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian musician, born in Begunje, Slovenia (d. 2015)
  • 1931-06-16 Ivo Petric, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana
  • 1931-06-27 Alojz Srebotnjak, Slovenian composer, born in Postojna, Slovenia (d. 2010)
  • 1931-08-26 Dane Skerl, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana
  • 1932-12-15 Igor Stuhec, Slovenian composer, born in Kremberk
  • 1933-02-28 Miro Steržaj, Slovenian 9-pin bowler
  • 1933-04-29 Darijan Božič, Slovenian composer and conductor, born in Slavonski Brod, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • 1934-03-04 Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • 1934-08-23 Lojze Lebic, Slovenian composer, born in Prevalje, Slovenia
  • 1938-04-26 Nino Benvenuti, Italian boxer (world middleweight champion), born in Izola, Slovenia
  • 1938-08-11 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • 1939-10-05 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-Canadian industrialist, born in Graz, Austria
  • 1941-01-14 Milan Kučan, Slovenian statesman, born in Križevci, Gornji Petrovci, Slovenia
  • 1942-12-30 Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian
  • 1947-05-27 Branko Oblak, Slovenian footballer and coach, born in Ljubljan, FPR Yugoslavia
  • 1949-03-21 Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1950-05-17 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian politician
  • 1952-04-17 Arkan [Željko Ražnatović], Serbian paramilitary leader, born in Brežice, Slovenia (d. 2000)
  • 1954-10-01 Martin Strel, Slovenian long distance swimmer (Danube, Mississippi, Yangtze, Amazon River records), born in Mokronog, Slovenia
  • 1959-01-15 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber, born in Setnica, Slovenia (d. 2008)
  • 1962-03-28 Jure Franko, Slovenian-Yugoslav alpine skier, born in Nova Gorica, Slovenia
  • 1963-07-16 Srečko Katanec, Slovenian footballer and coach, born in Ljubljana, SFR Yugoslavia
  • 1966-02-05 Rok Petrovič, Slovenian skier, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1993)
  • 1967-06-24 Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director

Person of interestMelania Trump

1970-04-26 Melania Trump [née Knauss], Slovenian-American model, wife of President Donald Trump and current First Lady of the United States, born in Novo Mesto, Yugoslavia

US First Lady and Model Melania Trump
US First Lady and Model
Melania Trump
  • 1971-02-01 Zlatko Zahovič, Slovenian soccer midfielder (80 caps; Partizan, Porto, Benfica), born in Maribor, Slovenia
  • 1972-04-24 Jure Košir, Slovenian alpine skier, born in Jesenice, Yugoslavia
  • 1972-06-24 Denis Zvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1973-12-21 Karmen Stavec, German-born Slovenian singer, born in West Berlin
  • 1976-10-14 Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1979-02-15 Alenka Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer, born in Kranj, Slovenia
  • 1979-02-28 Primož Peterka, Slovenian ski jumper, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 1979-05-18 Milivoje Novakovič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1982-07-29 Janez Aljančič, Slovenian footballer
  • 1982-09-13 Miha Zupan, Slovenian basketball player, born in Kranj, Slovenia
  • 1984-05-01 Mišo Brečko, Slovenian soccer defender (77 caps; FC Köln, FC Nürnberg), born in Trbovlje, Slovenia
  • 1987-05-10 Anej Lovrečič, Slovenian football (soccer) player
  • 1987-08-24 Anže Kopitar, Slovenian ice hockey player, born in Jesenice, Slovenia
  • 1987-08-25 Luka Šulić, Slovenian-Croatian cellist (2Cellos), born in Maribor, Slovenia
  • 1999-02-28 Luka Dončić, Slovenian basketball guard (EuroLeague MVP 2018; NBA Rookie of the Year 2019; Dallas Mavericks), born in Ljubljana, Slovenia

Famous Deaths

  • 1586-06-28 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1693-09-19 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, Slovenian polymath and natural historian, dies at 52
  • 1742-04-23 Mihael Omerza, Slovenian composer, dies at 62
  • 1802-09-26 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician and military officer (b. 1754)
  • 1844-08-11 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 1849-02-08 France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 1851-05-24 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 1893-01-07 Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1901-09-05 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
  • 1911-01-09 Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1912-06-10 Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • 1914-11-25 Davorin Jenko, Slovene-Serbian composer, dies at 79
  • 1917-03-29 Fran Gerbič, Slovenian composer, dies at 76
  • 1926-05-27 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1926-12-04 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian-born painter (b. 1861)
  • 1926-12-10 Nikola Pašić, Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes prime minister (b. 1845)
  • 1929-08-27 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket scientist, dies at 36
  • 1930-12-13 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1941-05-23 Slavko Osterc, Slovenian composer, dies at 45
  • 1955-02-25 Marij Kogoj, Slovenian composer, dies at 59
  • 1962-06-02 Fran Saleški Finžgar, Slovene folk writer (Our Blood, Service Girls), dies at 91
  • 1966-06-08 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
  • 1966-06-19 Marjan Kozina, Slovene composer, dies at 59
  • 1967-05-22 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, dies at 93
  • 1995-05-31 Pavel Sivic, Slovenian composer, dies at 87
  • 1999-11-08 Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898)
  • 2008-02-23 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
  • 2008-05-03 Uroš Krek, Slovenian composer, dies at 85
  • 2008-08-25 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer (b. 1959)
  • 2010-12-01 Alojz Srebotnjak, Slovenian composer, dies at 79
  • 2011-10-20 Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator (b. 1928)
  • 2014-10-20 Pavle Merku, Italian-Slovene composer and ethnomusicologist, dies at 87
  • 2015-07-02 Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian musician and composer, dies at 75
  • 2018-05-07 Miki Muster, Slovenian artist, dies at 92