Free State in History

Free State: Bloemfontein

Historical Events

  • 1854-02-17 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1854-02-23 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1899-10-02 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • 1900-03-12 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • 1900-03-13 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State (Boer War)
  • 1900-10-06 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • 1907-07-01 The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
  • 1913-09-23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • 1914-01-27 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women

Historic Event

1914-07-01 General J. B. M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party


Famous Birthdays

  • 1844-10-05 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, born in Swellendam, Cape Colony (d. 1934)
  • 1857-10-02 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), born in Winburg, Orange Free State (d. 1916)
  • 1868-04-05 Flooi Du Toit, South African cricketer (one Test South Africa 1892), born in Jacobsdal, Orange Free State (d. 1909)
  • 1894-12-05 C. R. Swart, South African politician (1st State President of South Africa 1961-67), born in Winburg, Orange Free State (d. 1982)
  • 1902-10-14 Shunter Coen, South African cricket batsman (2 Tests, HS 41no, @ 50.50; Orange Free State), born in Heilbron, South Africa (d. 1967)
  • 1905-10-15 Edna Deane (née Sewell) British dancer, choreographer and drama teacher, born in Orange Free State of South Africa (d. 1995)
  • 1914-06-29 Ellen Kuzwayo, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman"), born in Thaba-Nchu, Orange Free State (d. 2006)
  • 1915-09-18 Hetta Empson, South African-British artist, born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 1996)

P. W. Botha

1916-01-12 P. W. Botha, South African politician (President of South Africa, 1984-89; Prime Minister, 1977-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

  • 1935-05-29 André Brink, South African writer (Dry White Season), born in Vrede, Free State
  • 1935-06-25 Wynand Breytenbach, South African soldier and politician, Deputy Minister of Defense (1986-94), born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 2002)
  • 1942-05-22 Pallo Jordan, South African politician and ANC member, born in Kroonstad, Free State
  • 1957-09-14 Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer who played for both Australia and South Africa, born in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State Province, South Africa
  • 1959-07-16 Gary Anderson, NFL placekicker (Philadelphia Eagles), born in Parys, Orange Free State, South Africa
  • 1961-10-01 Corrie van Zyl, South African cricket all-rounder, coach, administrator (RSA coach 2010-11), born in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State
  • 1973-09-18 Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur (founder and CEO of Canonical Ltd.), born in Welkom, Orange Free State, South Africa

Famous Deaths

  • 1916-11-28 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), dies at 59
  • 1934-03-27 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, dies at 89