Gauteng in History

Gauteng: Johannesburg - Soweto

Historical Events

  • 1852-01-17 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 1870-07-30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • 1877-04-12 British annex Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1880-12-16 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • 1880-12-20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • 1881-02-07 Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1881-04-05 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • 1881-08-03 Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1890-06-23 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters
  • 1892-08-20 The Transvaal National Union, a political organisation, is set up with J. Tudhope as president
  • 1893-04-22 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time

Historic Event

1897-07-16 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal

Historic Event

1899-04-24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid

  • 1899-09-28 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • 1900-09-11 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique
  • 1900-10-19 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe
  • 1900-10-25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • 1900-12-01 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser
  • 1900-12-02 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses to meet him
  • 1900-12-09 President Paul Kruger of South Africa's Transvaal & Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands have a triumphant procession
  • 1901-01-31 Boer generals Jan Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river, Transvaal
  • 1902-03-07 Boers beat British troops at Tweebosch, Transvaal
  • 1902-05-31 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • 1902-10-10 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht
  • 1906-12-06 The British grant Transvaal self-government
  • 1907-01-12 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal

Election of Interest

1907-02-26 Louis Botha Het Volk Party wins a majority in the election in Transvaal, South Africa

  • 1907-03-02 General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal
  • 1907-03-22 The new Boer government in the Transvaal passes an Asiatic Registration Bill, that restricts immigration from India
  • 1907-06-14 Government of Transvaal sends home 50,000 Chinese day workers
  • 1909-09-20 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages

Historic Event

1913-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

  • 1913-10-21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • 1914-01-20 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • 1919-05-12 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • 1922-01-01 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • 1983-07-13 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa
  • 1984-11-09 1st-class cricket debut for Brian McMillan, Transvaal B v N Tvl B
  • 1986-09-16 Fire in Kinross gold mine, Transvaal South Africa, 177 killed
  • 1988-01-22 1st-class cricket debut of Hansie Cronje, OFS v Transvaal
  • 1993-10-25 Daryll Cullinan hits unbeaten 337 for Transvaal against Northern Transvaal, South African 1st-class cricket record score
  • 1995-11-04 1st-class Cricket debut of Paul Adams, W Province v N Transvaal
  • 2004-02-14 In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
  • 2009-10-05 Australia wins cricket's Champions Trophy at Centurion Park in Gauteng, South Africa by 6 wickets (28 balls remaining) v New Zealand; chasing 200, Shane Watson is 105 not out in Australia's 206/4

Famous Birthdays

  • 1792-12-19 [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
  • 1891-02-12 Cec Dixon, South African cricket fast-medium bowler (1 Test; 3 wickets; Transvaal), born in Potchefstroom, South Africa (d. 1969)
  • 1901-06-22 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), South African poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch, born in Wolmaransstad, Transvaal
  • 1903-11-09 Edward van der Merwe, South African cricket wicket-keeper (2 Tests in 30's), born in Rustenburg, Transvaal (d. 1971)
  • 1903-12-10 William Plomer, South African-British author (Paper Houses, I Speak of Africa), born in Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1973)
  • 1904-12-12 Jim Christy, South African cricket batsman (10 Tests; top score 103 1932; Transvaal, Queensland), born in Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1971)
  • 1909-08-24 Ronnie Grieveson, South African cricket wicket-keeper/batsman (2 Tests v Eng 1939), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1998)
  • 1913-05-08 Sid James [Solomon Joel Cohen], South African-born British character and comedy actor (Hancock's Half Hour, Carry On), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province (d. 1976)
  • 1914-12-12 Denis Begbie, South African cricketer (South African batsman in five Tests 1948-50), born in Middelburg, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2009)
  • 1923-11-20 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • 1924-07-26 Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter and anti-apartheid activist, born in Phokoane, Sekhukhuneland, Northern Transvaal (d. 1994)
  • 1925-06-19 Alfred Nzo, South African General Secretary of the ANC (1969-91), born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1925-07-25 Alistair Taylor, South African cricketer (one Test as opening bat for South Africa 1956), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal (d. 2004)
  • 1927-11-09 Carel Boshoff, South African activist and chairman (Broederbond/Volkswag), born in Nylstroom, Transvaal South Africa (d. 2011)

Desmond Tutu

1931-10-07 Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of South Africa and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Klerksdorp, Western Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2021)

F. W. de Klerk

1932-03-18 F. W. de Klerk, South African President (1989-94) and winner of the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize with Nelson Mandela, born in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province, South Africa (d. 2021)

  • 1932-04-27 Roelof "Pik" Botha, South African minister of Foreign affairs, born in Rustenburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1935-05-29 Denis Worrall, South African politician and leader (DP), born in Benoni, Gauteng, South Africa
  • 1938-05-24 Glen Hall, South African cricket leg-spinner (South African in one Test v England 1964), born in Pretoria, Transvaal (d. 1987)
  • 1938-06-21 James Botten, South African cricketer (all-rounder in 1965 South African series v England), born in Pretoria, Transvaal (d. 2006)
  • 1938-07-04 Cyril Mitchley, South African cricket wicket-keeper (Transvaal, later Test umpire), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1941-01-31 Eugène Terre'Blanche, South African white supremacist and leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, born in Ventersdorp, Transvaal Province, South Africa (d. 2010)
  • 1944-10-10 Christopher Ndodebandla Dlamini, South African trade unionist and SACP-leader, born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1949-07-23 Clive Rice, South African cricket all-rounder (WSC 1978-79, ODI 1991; Nottinghamshire), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province (d. 2015)
  • 1952-04-26 Popo Molefe, South African politician and secretary-general (South Africa UDF), born in Sophiatown, Gauteng, South Africa
  • 1953-07-31 Jimmy Cook, South African cricket opening batsman (3 Tests), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal
  • 1959-08-24 Adrian Kuiper, South African cricketer (South African all-rounder), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1962-08-03 Lucky Dube, South African reggae musician, born in Ermelo, Transvaal (d. 2007)
  • 1963-02-09 Mike Rindel, cricketer (N Transvaal opening bat ODI ton v Pak 1995)
  • 1964-10-12 Fanie De Villiers, South African cricket fast bowler (18 Tests, 85 wickets, BB 6/23, 2 x 50s; Northern Transvaal), born in Vereeniging, South Africa
  • 1967-01-02 Francois Pienaar, South African rugby union flanker and captain (29 caps; Rugby World Cup 1995; Transvaal, Saracens), born in Vereeniging, South Africa

Dave Matthews

1967-01-09 Dave Matthews, American singer-songwriter & musician (Dave Matthews Band - "So Much to Say"", born in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa

  • 1975-07-31 Andrew Hall, South African cricket batsman (21 Tests; HS 163 v India 1st Test 2004), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal
  • 1977-03-02 Andrew Strauss, English cricket batsman and captain (100 Tests, 21 x 100s, 7,037 runs; 127 ODIs), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1984-08-31 Charl Schwartzel, South African golfer (US Masters 2011), born in Johannesburg, Gauteng

Famous Deaths

  • 1852-12-16 Andries H Potgieter, South African/Transvaal explorer, dies at 59

Paul Kruger

1904-07-14 Paul Kruger, 3rd President of South African Republic (1883-1900) and face of Boer resistance during the Second Boer War, dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1911-02-05 Petrus A Cronjé, Transvaal Boer general, dies
  • 1971-02-01 Jim Christy, South African cricket batsman (10 Tests; top score 103 1932; Transvaal, Queensland), dies at 66