South Korean History

South Korea: Seoul

Historical Events

  • 1897-02-01 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1910-08-22 Japan annexes Korea after 5 years as a protectorate
  • 1910-08-29 Japan changes Korea's name to Chōsen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
  • 1945-08-17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • 1945-09-09 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • 1946-11-23 The Workers Party of South Korea is founded

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948-07-20 Syngman Rhee elected President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1948-08-15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1950-06-25 North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-06-27 North Korean troops reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950-06-28 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-06-30 US General MacArthur visits front in South Korea/asks for US troops

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1950-07-01 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
  • 1950-09-15 During Korean conflict, UN forces land at Inchon in South Korea
  • 1950-09-26 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1950-10-01 South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea
  • 1950-10-26 South Korean troops reach Chosan at Chinese boundary
  • 1950-11-18 South Korea President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions
  • 1950-11-26 China enters Korean conflict, sends troops across Yalu River
  • 1950-12-28 Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea
  • 1951-01-06 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1952-08-08 Syngman Ree re-elected president of South Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-29 US President-elect Eisenhower visits Korea to assess war

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1952-12-14 Uprising of captives in Pongam South Korea, 82 die
  • 1953-08-08 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
  • 1960-04-27 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns
  • 1963-12-17 Tsjoi Doo Sun forms government in South Korea
  • 1966-08-15 Radio Free Asia (South Korea) begins radio transmission
  • 1970-12-15 South Korean ferry Namyong-Ho sinks in Strait of Korea, 308 killed
  • 1972-05-10 Overloaded South Korean bus plunges into reservoir, killing 77
  • 1974-08-15 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes assassination
  • 1974-11-02 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1979-10-26 Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
  • 1980-05-18 Gwangju Massacre: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations, calling for democratic reforms
  • 1980-05-27 South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
  • 1980-05-27 The Gwangju Massacre: South Korean airborne and army troops retake city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 possibly many more
  • 1980-08-27 Chon Doo Hwan elected president of South Korea
  • 1980-09-17 South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
  • 1980-10-22 New South Korean constitution comes into effect
  • 1981-09-30 Seoul, South Korea, is selected to host 1988 Summer Olympics
  • 1983-10-09 4 South Korean government ministers assassinated in Rangoon Burma
  • 1987-02-07 Police in South Korea make hundreds of arrests during protest demonstrations, the country's biggest for 6 years, after a student died in custody
  • 1987-07-09 1 million South Koreans demonstrate against Chun Doo Hwan regime
  • 1987-10-27 South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution
  • 1987-12-16 Roh Tae Woo elected president of South Korea
  • 1988-02-25 South Korea adopts constitution
  • 1988-09-22 South Korean coaches attack NZ referee after disputing his decision, Olympic Korean boxer stages a 67 minute sit-in
  • 1991-02-12 North & South Korea form a joint team for table tennis competition
  • 1991-05-22 Roh Jai Bong resigns as premier of South Korea
  • 1991-09-17 UN admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North & South Korea, Marshall Islands & Micronesia
  • 1992-08-24 Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.

  • 1993-04-19 Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
  • 1993-07-26 Boeing 737-500 crashes in South Korea, 66 killed
  • 1993-10-10 Ferry boat leaves for west coast of South Korea, 120 killed
  • 1995-04-28 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
  • 1996-12-26 Start of the largest strike in South Korean history.
  • 1997-05-12 14 North Koreans defect to South Korea

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

2000-06-13 President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
  • 2001-04-16 105th Boston Marathon: Lee Bong-Ju of South Korea 1st man in 2:09:43 and Catherine Ndereba of Kenya 1st woman in 2:23:53
  • 2002-04-15 An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into a hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.
  • 2002-06-29 Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
  • 2003-02-18 Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea
  • 2004-03-12 Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea, is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation's history.
  • 2004-05-14 The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun
  • 2007-05-17 Trains from North and South Korea cross the 38th Parallel in a test-run agreed by both governments. This is the first time that trains have crossed the Demilitarized Zone since 1953.
  • 2007-10-02 President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il
  • 2007-12-07 The Hebei Spirit oil spill began in South Korea after a crane barge being towed by tug collided with the very large crude carrier, Hebei Spirit.
  • 2008-02-10 The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.
  • 2009-01-13 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • 2010-11-23 The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.
  • 2011-08-27 13th World Championships in Athletics open at Daegu, South Korea
  • 2011-09-04 13th World Championships in Athletics close at Daegu, South Korea
  • 2012-02-20 South Korea angers North Korea as it proceeds with live fire drills in disputed Korean sea borders
  • 2012-04-11 South Korean legislative elections result in the governing Saenuri Party retaining governance
  • 2012-07-05 South Korea announce plans to begin "scientific' whaling of minke whales
  • 2012-08-24 Both Apple and Samsung are found guilty of patent infringement in a South Korean court
  • 2012-12-05 8 people are killed and 12 injured by a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in South Korea
  • 2012-12-19 Park Geun-hye wins the South Korean presidential election to become the nation’s first female president
  • 2013-01-30 South Korea successfully launches its rocket Naro-1 which was carrying a scientific satellite
  • 2013-03-08 North Korea terminates all peace pacts with South Korea
  • 2013-03-11 North Korea cuts the phone line with South Korea, breaching the 1953 armistice
  • 2013-03-16 Kim Yu-Na of South Korea wins the women’s 2013 World Figure Skating Championships
  • 2013-03-30 North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea
  • 2013-04-17 North Korea blocks a South Korean supply delegation from the Kaesong joint industrial zone
  • 2014-01-20 Credit cards of at least 20 million South Koreans are hacked
  • 2014-04-16 South Korean ferry MV Sewol sinks on route Incheon to Jeju, 304 drown, mostly students. National controversy erupts over rescue efforts and actions of crew and owner.
  • 2014-11-11 The captain of the South Korean ferry which sank in April is found guilty of gross negligence and sentenced to 36 years in prison
  • 2015-01-31 Australia defeats South Korea in football to win the 2015 AFC Asian Cup
  • 2015-12-28 Japan and South Korea reach agreement over WWII "comfort women", Japan apologies and pays 1bn yen compensation
  • 2016-01-26 Cold snap across East Asia leads to more than 50 deaths and 60,000 travellers stranded in South Korea
  • 2016-03-01 South Korean opposition MPs set a world record for longest filibuster - 9 days (192 hours) trying to block anti-terror bill
  • 2016-10-11 South Korean firm Samsung announces it will permanently stop production of Note 7 phones after complaints devices caught fire
  • 2016-11-20 South Korean President Park Geun-hye's controversial friend Choi Soon-sil charged with abuse of authority and coercion amid calls to also impeach the President
  • 2016-12-09 South Korean MPs vote to impeach President Park Geun-hye

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017-01-01 Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres becomes United Nations Secretary General, replacing South Korean Ban Ki-moon

Prime Minister of Portugal and Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres
Prime Minister of Portugal and Secretary-General of the United Nations
António Guterres
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • 2017-03-10 South Korean judges uphold parliaments' decision to impeach President Park Geun-hye
  • 2017-03-30 Ex-South Korean president Park Geun-hye arrested in corruption investigation
  • 2017-05-09 Moon Jae-in elected President of South Korea after a snap election to replace Park Geun-hye
  • 2017-05-30 South Korean President Moon Jae-in orders a probe into additional launchers for the U.S. THAAD anti-missile system

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 154

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1875-04-18 Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1897-08-26 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • 1917-09-30 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • 1919-07-16 Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1925-12-03 Kim Dae Jung, South Korean President, Nobel laureate
  • 1926-01-06 Kim Dae-jung, President of South Korea and Nobel laureate
  • 1927-12-20 Kim Young-sam, politician and activist - President of South Korea (1993-98), born in Geoje (d. 2015)
  • 1932-11-30 Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1932-12-04 Roh Tae Woo, Taegu South Korea, President South Korea (1988-93)
  • 1933-08-01 Ko Un, South Korean poet, born in Gunsan, North Jeolla Province
  • 1943-03-16 Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005)

Person of interestBan Ki-moon

1944-06-13 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • 1946-08-06 Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean politician
  • 1946-09-01 Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea
  • 1952-02-02 Park Geun-hye, 1st female President of South Korea (2013-), born in Jung-gu, Taegu
  • 1953-01-22 Myung-Whun Chung, Seoul South Korea, pianist/conductor (Chung Trio)
  • 1953-01-29 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1953-02-25 Kim Yeong-cheol, South Korean actor
  • 1957-04-07 Kim Kap-su, South Korean actor
  • 1958-01-03 Shim Hyung-rae, South Korean filmmaker
  • 1958-06-25 Debbie Green, South Korea, volleyball player (Olympic silver 1984)
  • 1962-01-22 Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor
  • 1962-08-20 Dong-Wook Song, South Korean tennis player
  • 1962-12-23 Kang Je-gyu, South Korean film director
  • 1963-10-14 Yim Jae-beom, South Korean singer
  • 1965-04-24 Son Chang-Min, South Korean actor, born in Busan, South Korea
  • 1965-11-24 Kim Roe-ha, South Korean actor
  • 1966-04-06 Young Man Kang, South Korean film director
  • 1966-08-18 Kang Soo-yeon, South Korean actress
  • 1967-01-17 Song Kang-ho, South Korean actor
  • 1968-05-01 Sol Kyung-gu, South Korean actor
  • 1968-06-15 Oh Dal-su, South Korean actor, born in Daegu, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea
  • 1968-08-18 Lee Seung-yeon, South Korean actress
  • 1968-11-01 Park Shin-yang, South Korean actor
  • 1970-05-19 Choi Kyung-Ju, South Korean professional golfer
  • 1970-07-12 Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
  • 1970-09-01 Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970-10-01 Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
  • 1970-10-09 Park Sang-min, South Korean actor
  • 1971-01-31 Lee Young Ae, South Korean actress
  • 1971-02-03 Hong Seok-cheon, South Korean actor
  • 1971-02-23 Jeong Chan, South Korean actor, born in Boryeong, South Korea
  • 1971-08-17 Uhm Jung-hwa, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1971-10-12 Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor, composer and singer
  • 1971-10-30 Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1972-01-03 Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
  • 1972-03-07 Jang Dong-gun, South Korean actor and musician
  • 1972-07-28 Yeom Jeong-ah, South Korean actress (A Tale of Two Sisters), born in Seoul
  • 1972-08-29 Bae Yong Joon, South Korean actor
  • 1972-09-03 Shim Eun-ha, South Korean actress
  • 1972-10-24 Kim Ji-soo, South Korean actress
  • 1973-03-20 Jung Woo-sung, South Korean actor
  • 1973-05-09 Chu Sang-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1973-06-07 Song Yun-ah, South Korean model and actress
  • 1973-06-24 Ji Jin Hee, South Korean actor
  • 1973-11-07 Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
  • 1973-12-15 Ryu Seung-wan, South Korean actor and director
  • 1974-04-05 Uhm Tae Woong, South Korean actor
  • 1974-06-14 Jang Jin-young, South Korean actress
  • 1974-07-02 Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1974-09-22 Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1974-12-07 Kang Full, South Korean webcomic artist
  • 1975-02-17 Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress
  • 1975-03-04 Kim Jung-Eun, South Korean actress
  • 1975-05-23 Kim Sung-soo, South Korean actor
  • 1975-06-11 Choi Ji Woo, South Korean actress and model
  • 1975-07-23 Seong Hyeon-ah, South Korean actress
  • 1975-09-08 Lee Eul-Yong, South Korean footballer
  • 1976-03-25 Cha Tae-hyun, South Korean actor
  • 1976-03-25 Baek Ji Young, South Korean singer
  • 1976-04-13 Yu Ji-tae, South Korean actor
  • 1976-08-05 Kwon Sang-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1976-09-06 Hyun Young, South Korean actress and pop singer
  • 1976-10-05 Song Seung-hun, South Korean actor
  • 1976-10-15 Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977-02-27 Ji Sung, South Korean actor
  • 1977-05-05 Choi Kang-hee, South Korean actress
  • 1977-05-09 Choi Jeong-yoon, South Korean actress
  • 1977-08-12 Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1977-09-09 Chae Jung-an, South Korean actress and singer

Person of interestSe Ri Pak

1977-09-28 Se Ri Pak, South Korean golfer, born in Daejeon, Korea

LPGA Golfer Se Ri Pak
LPGA Golfer
Se Ri Pak
  • 1977-09-29 Won Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1977-11-04 So Ji-sub, South Korean swimmer, model and actor
  • 1977-12-25 Uhm Ji-won, South Korean actress
  • 1978-01-03 Park Sol-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1978-02-21 Park Eun-hye, South Korean actress
  • 1978-02-21 Kim Ha Neul, South Korean actress
  • 1978-10-04 Ko Soo, South Korean television and movie actor
  • 1979-01-08 Seol Ki-Hyeon, South Korean footballer
  • 1979-02-22 Lee Na-young, South Korean actress
  • 1979-03-28 Park Chae-rim, South Korean actress
  • 1979-05-10 Lee Hyori, South Korean singer
  • 1979-06-27 Kim Gyu-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1979-06-28 Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1979-07-24 Lee Si-yeon, South Korean actress
  • 1979-10-10 Ahn Chil Hyun (Kangta), lead singer of the former South Korean group H.O.T.
  • 1979-10-11 Bae Doona, South Korean model and actress
  • 1980-03-04 Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (d. 2007)
  • 1980-03-13 Lee Jung-hyun, South Korean pop singer and actress (Alice in Earnestland), born in Taegu, South Korea
  • 1980-03-20 Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1934-10-08 South Korean President Syngman Rhee (59) weds Francesca Donner (34)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee

Famous Deaths

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1965-07-19 Syngman Rhee, first President of South Korea (1948-60), dies at 90

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1974-08-15 Mrs Park Chung Hi, wife of South Korean president, murdered
  • 1979-10-26 Park Chung-hee, South Korean President, assassinated
  • 1982-11-17 Duk Koo Kim, South Korean boxer, legally declared dead
  • 1983-10-09 Sun Suk Joon, South Korean vice premier, murdered
  • 1990-07-18 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1994-01-17 Chung Il Kwon, PM of South Korea (1964-70), dies
  • 2004-06-22 Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2005-04-16 Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (b. 1943)
  • 2007-02-10 Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (b. 1980)
  • 2008-01-03 Yo-Sam Choi, South Korean boxer/former WBC light flyweight champion (b. 1972)
  • 2008-10-02 Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress (b. 1968)
  • 2008-10-06 Kim Ji-hoo, South Korean actor and model (b. 1985)
  • 2009-03-07 Jang Ja-yeon, South Korean actress (b. 1982)
  • 2009-04-27 Woo Seung-yeon, South Korean actress and model (b. 1983)
  • 2009-05-17 Jung Seung-hye, South Korean film producer (b. 1965)
  • 2009-08-18 Kim Dae-jung,15th President of South Korea (b. 1925)
  • 2009-09-01 Jang Jin-young, South Korean actress (b. 1974)
  • 2011-12-13 Park Tae-joon, South Korean general and founder of steel giant Posco, dies at 84
  • 2015-11-22 Kim Young-sam, politician and activist - President of South Korea (1993-98), dies at 87