South Korean History

South Korea: Seoul

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 1897-02-01 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1910-08-22 Japan annexes Korea after 5 years as a protectorate
  • 1910-08-29 Japan changes Korea's name to Chōsen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
  • 1945-08-17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • 1945-09-09 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • 1946-11-23 The Workers Party of South Korea is founded

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948-07-20 Syngman Rhee elected President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1948-08-15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1950-06-25 North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-06-27 North Korean troops reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950-06-28 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-06-30 US General MacArthur visits front in South Korea/asks for US troops

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1950-07-01 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
  • 1950-09-15 During Korean conflict, UN forces land at Inchon in South Korea
  • 1950-09-26 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1950-10-01 South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea

  • 1950-10-26 South Korean troops reach Chosan at Chinese boundary
  • 1950-11-18 South Korea President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions
  • 1950-11-26 China enters Korean conflict, sends troops across Yalu River
  • 1950-12-28 Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea
  • 1951-01-06 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1952-08-08 Syngman Ree re-elected president of South Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-11-29 US President-elect Eisenhower visits Korea to assess war

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1952-12-14 Uprising of captives in Pongam South Korea, 82 die
  • 1953-08-08 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
  • 1960-04-27 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns
  • 1963-12-17 Tsjoi Doo Sun forms government in South Korea
  • 1966-08-15 Radio Free Asia (South Korea) begins radio transmission
  • 1970-12-15 South Korean ferry Namyong-Ho sinks in Strait of Korea, 308 killed
  • 1972-05-10 Overloaded South Korean bus plunges into reservoir, killing 77
  • 1974-08-15 South Korean President Park Chung-Hee escapes assassination
  • 1974-11-02 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1979-10-26 Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
  • 1980-05-18 Gwangju Massacre: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations, calling for democratic reforms
  • 1980-05-27 South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
  • 1980-05-27 The Gwangju Massacre: South Korean airborne and army troops retake city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 possibly many more
  • 1980-08-27 Chon Doo Hwan elected president of South Korea
  • 1980-09-17 South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
  • 1980-10-22 New South Korean constitution comes into effect
  • 1981-09-30 International Olympic Committee votes to award Seoul, South Korea as host of the 1988 Summer Olympic Games
  • 1983-09-06 Soviet Union admits that it shot down the South Korean airliner KAL 007 on September 1st

  • 1983-10-09 4 South Korean government ministers assassinated in Rangoon Burma
  • 1984-08-07 The US collects its first Olympic gold medal in women's basketball history with a 85-55 win over South Korea in the final at the LA Games
  • 1987-02-07 Police in South Korea make hundreds of arrests during protest demonstrations, the country's biggest for 6 years, after a student died in custody
  • 1987-07-09 1 million South Koreans demonstrate against Chun Doo Hwan regime
  • 1987-10-27 South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution
  • 1987-12-16 Roh Tae Woo elected president of South Korea
  • 1988-02-25 South Korea adopts constitution
  • 1988-09-22 South Korean coaches attack NZ referee after disputing his decision, Olympic Korean boxer stages a 67 minute sit-in
  • 1988-10-01 The inaugural Olympic table tennis program concludes in Seoul with China and South Korea each winning 2 titles
  • 1988-10-02 South Korean light middleweight boxer Park Si-hun is controversially awarded the Seoul Olympic gold medal after appearing well beaten by future 4 weight class world champion Roy Jones Jr
  • 1991-02-12 North & South Korea form a joint team for table tennis competition
  • 1991-05-22 Roh Jai Bong resigns as premier of South Korea
  • 1991-09-17 UN admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North & South Korea, Marshall Islands & Micronesia
  • 1992-08-04 In its debut at the Barcelona Olympics the badminton singles gold medals are both won by Indonesian athletes, whilst both men's & women's doubles go to South Korea
  • 1992-08-24 Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
  • 1993-04-19 Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
  • 1993-07-26 Boeing 737-500 crashes in South Korea, 66 killed
  • 1993-10-10 Ferry boat leaves for west coast of South Korea, 120 killed
  • 1995-04-28 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
  • 1996-12-26 Start of the largest strike in South Korean history.

Film release premierFilm Premier

1997-04-15 The disaster film "Volcano" directed by Mick Jackson starring Tommy Lee Jones and Anne Heche premieres in South Korea

Actress Anne Heche
Anne Heche
  • 1997-05-12 14 North Koreans defect to South Korea
  • 1999-07-04 South Korean defending champion Se Ri Pak wins the most crowded playoff in LPGA history (6) in the Jamie Farr Kroger Classic

Conference meetingSummit of Interest

2000-06-13 President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
  • 2001-04-16 105th Boston Marathon: Lee Bong-Ju of South Korea men's winner in 2:09:43; Catherine Ndereba of Kenya wins back-to-back women's titles in 2:23:53
  • 2002-04-15 An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into a hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.
  • 2002-06-29 Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
  • 2003-02-18 Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea
  • 2004-03-12 Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea, is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation's history.
  • 2004-05-14 The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun
  • 2004-08-21 The archery competition concludes at the Athens Olympics with South Korea dominant with 3 of 4 gold medals; venue is the Panathenaic Stadium, in which the 1896 games were held
  • 2005-07-17 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Glen Arbour GC: South Korean Meena Lee wins by 1 from Australian Katherine Hull
  • 2007-05-17 Trains from North and South Korea cross the 38th Parallel in a test-run agreed by both governments. This is the first time that trains have crossed the Demilitarized Zone since 1953.
  • 2007-10-02 President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il
  • 2007-12-07 The Hebei Spirit oil spill began in South Korea after a crane barge being towed by tug collided with the very large crude carrier, Hebei Spirit.
  • 2008-02-10 The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.
  • 2008-08-16 South Korean weightlifter Jang Mi-Ran wins the women's unlimited (+75 kg) division at the Beijing Olympics by breaking world records 5 times: once in snatch, twice in clean-and-jerk, and twice in total
  • 2009-01-13 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively

Sport awardPGA Championship

2009-08-16 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Hazeltine National GC: Yang Yong-eun of South Korea wins his first major title by 3 strokes from Tiger Woods

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
  • 2010-06-27 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Locust Hill CC: American Christie Kerr takes her second major title with a 12 stroke win over Song-Hee Kim of South Korea
  • 2010-11-23 The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.
  • 2011-07-11 US Open Women's Golf, The Boardmoor: Ryu So-yeon wins her first major in a playoff with fellow South Korean Hee Hung Seo
  • 2011-08-27 13th Athletics World Championships open at Daegu, South Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011-09-03 Following his disqualification in the 100m, Jamaica's Usain Bolt runs a season best 19.40 to win the 200m at the World Athletics Championships in South Korea

Olympic Sprinter Usain Bolt
Olympic Sprinter
Usain Bolt
  • 2012-02-20 South Korea angers North Korea as it proceeds with live fire drills in disputed Korean sea borders
  • 2012-04-11 South Korean legislative elections result in the governing Saenuri Party retaining governance
  • 2012-07-05 South Korea announce plans to begin "scientific' whaling of minke whales
  • 2012-08-24 Both Apple and Samsung are found guilty of patent infringement in a South Korean court
  • 2012-12-05 8 people are killed and 12 injured by a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in South Korea
  • 2012-12-19 Park Geun-hye wins the South Korean presidential election to become the nation’s first female president
  • 2013-01-30 South Korea successfully launches its rocket Naro-1 which was carrying a scientific satellite
  • 2013-03-08 North Korea terminates all peace pacts with South Korea
  • 2013-03-11 North Korea cuts the phone line with South Korea, breaching the 1953 armistice
  • 2013-03-16 Kim Yu-Na of South Korea wins the women’s 2013 World Figure Skating Championships
  • 2013-03-30 North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea
  • 2013-04-17 North Korea blocks a South Korean supply delegation from the Kaesong joint industrial zone
  • 2014-01-20 Credit cards of at least 20 million South Koreans are hacked
  • 2014-04-16 South Korean ferry MV Sewol sinks on route Incheon to Jeju, 304 drown, mostly students. National controversy erupts over rescue efforts and actions of crew and owner.
  • 2014-08-24 Canadian Open Women's Golf, London Hunt CC: Ryu So-yeon wins by 2 from fellow South Korean Na Yeon Choi

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 192

  • 1545-04-28 Yi Sun-sin, Korean Naval Commander, born in Hanseong, South Korea (d. 1598)

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1875-04-18 Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1879-07-12 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, born in Yucheon, Hongseong, South Korea (d. 1944)
  • 1897-08-26 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • 1917-09-30 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • 1918-11-09 Choi Hong Hi, South Korean army general and Founder of Taekwon-Do, born in Hwadae, Myongchon County, North Hamgyong Province, Japanese Korea (d. 2002)
  • 1919-07-16 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1920-02-25 Sun Myung Moon, South Korean evangelist (Unification Church), born in Chongju, Japanese Korea (d. 2012)
  • 1925-12-03 Kim Dae Jung, South Korean President, Nobel laureate
  • 1926-01-06 Kim Dae-jung, President of South Korea and Nobel laureate, born in Hauido, South Korea (d. 2009)
  • 1926-01-07 Kim Jong-pil, South Korean Prime Minister (1971-75, 1998-2000) and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (now the National Intelligence Service), born in Buyeo County, Japanese Korea (d. 2018)
  • 1927-12-20 Kim Young-sam, South Korean politician and democratic activist (President of South Korea 1993-98), born in Geojedo, Geoje, South Korea (d. 2015)
  • 1932-11-30 Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1932-12-04 Roh Tae-Woo, 6th President South Korea (1988-93), born in Dong-gu, Daegu, South Korea
  • 1933-08-01 Ko Un, South Korean poet, born in Gunsan, North Jeolla Province
  • 1934-09-12 Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher, born in Daegu, South Korea
  • 1939-03-27 Jay Kim, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1943-03-16 Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005)

Person of interestBan Ki-moon

1944-06-13 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • 1945-04-12 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organization, born in Seoul, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1946-08-06 Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean politician
  • 1946-09-01 Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea
  • 1952-02-02 Park Geun-hye, 1st female President of South Korea (2013-), born in Jung-gu, Taegu
  • 1953-01-22 Myung-Whun Chung, South Korean pianist & conductor (Chung Trio), born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1953-01-24 Moon Jae-in, South Korean politician, President of South Korea (2017-), born in Geoje, South Korea
  • 1953-01-29 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1953-02-25 Kim Yeong-cheol, South Korean actor
  • 1954-07-04 Chang-dong Lee, South Korean filmmaker and novelist (Secret Sunshine, Poetry), born in Daegu, South Korea
  • 1957-04-07 Kim Kap-su, South Korean actor
  • 1958-01-03 Shim Hyung-rae, South Korean filmmaker
  • 1958-06-25 Debbie Green-Vargas, American volleyball player (Olympic silver 1984), born in South Korea
  • 1959-12-08 Jim Yong Kim, South Korean-American physician, anthropologist and President of the World Bank, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1960-10-25 Hong Sang-soo, South Korean filmmaker (Right Now, Wrong Then), born in Seoul
  • 1962-01-22 Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1962-08-20 Dong-Wook Song, South Korean tennis player, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1962-12-23 Kang Je-gyu, South Korean film director, born in Masan, South Korea
  • 1963-08-23 Park Chan-wook, South Korean filmmaker (Joint Security Area, Thirst), born in Seoul
  • 1963-10-14 Yim Jae-beom, South Korean singer
  • 1965-04-24 Son Chang-Min, South Korean actor, born in Busan, South Korea
  • 1965-11-24 Kim Roe-ha, South Korean actor
  • 1966-04-06 Young Man Kang, South Korean film director
  • 1966-08-18 Kang Soo-yeon, South Korean actress, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1967-01-17 Song Kang-ho, South Korean actor
  • 1968-05-01 Sol Kyung-gu, South Korean actor
  • 1968-06-15 Oh Dal-su, South Korean actor, born in Daegu, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea
  • 1968-06-23 Jay Y Lee [Lee Jae-yong], South Korean Vice Chairman of Samsung, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1968-08-18 Lee Seung-yeon, South Korean actress, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1968-11-01 Park Shin-yang, South Korean actor
  • 1969-02-12 Hong Myung-Bo, Korean footballer, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1970-05-19 K. J. Choi, South Korean golfer (Players C'ship 2011; 8 PGA Tour titles), born in Wando, South Korea
  • 1970-07-12 Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
  • 1970-09-01 Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970-10-01 Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
  • 1970-10-08 Soon-Yi Previn, Korean-American actress (Hannah and Her Sisters), born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1970-10-09 Park Sang-min, South Korean actor (General's Son), born in Changwon, South Korea
  • 1971-01-31 Lee Young Ae, South Korean actress, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1971-02-03 Hong Seok-cheon, South Korean actor
  • 1971-02-23 Jeong Chan, South Korean actor, born in Boryeong, South Korea
  • 1971-08-17 Uhm Jung-hwa, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1971-10-12 Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor, composer and singer, born in Donam-dong, Seongbuk District, Seoul, South Korea (d. 1971)
  • 1972-01-03 Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
  • 1972-03-07 Jang Dong-gun, South Korean actor and musician
  • 1972-07-28 Yeom Jeong-ah, South Korean actress (A Tale of Two Sisters), born in Seoul
  • 1972-08-29 Bae Yong Joon, South Korean actor
  • 1972-09-03 Shim Eun-ha, South Korean actress
  • 1972-10-24 Kim Ji-soo, South Korean actress
  • 1973-02-11 Jeon Do-yeon, Korean actress, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1973-03-20 Jung Woo-sung, South Korean actor
  • 1973-05-09 Chu Sang-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1973-06-07 Song Yun-ah, South Korean model and actress
  • 1973-06-24 Ji Jin Hee, South Korean actor
  • 1973-11-07 Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
  • 1973-12-15 Ryu Seung-wan, South Korean actor and director
  • 1974-04-05 Uhm Tae Woong, South Korean actor
  • 1974-06-14 Jang Jin-young, South Korean actress
  • 1974-07-02 Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1974-09-22 Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1974-12-07 Kang Full, South Korean webcomic artist
  • 1975-02-17 Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress
  • 1975-03-04 Kim Jung-Eun, South Korean actress
  • 1975-05-23 Kim Sung-soo, South Korean actor
  • 1975-06-11 Choi Ji-woo, South Korean actress (Stairway to Heaven), born in Paju, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 1975-07-23 Seong Hyeon-ah, South Korean actress
  • 1975-09-08 Lee Eul-Yong, South Korean footballer
  • 1976-03-25 Cha Tae-hyun, South Korean actor
  • 1976-03-25 Baek Ji Young, South Korean singer
  • 1976-04-13 Yu Ji-tae, South Korean actor, born in Seoul
  • 1976-08-05 Kwon Sang-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1976-09-06 Hyun Young, South Korean actress and pop singer, born in Suwon, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 1976-10-05 Song Seung-hun, South Korean actor
  • 1976-10-15 Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977-02-27 Ji Sung, South Korean actor, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1977-05-05 Choi Kang-hee, South Korean actress (Sweet Buns), born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1977-05-09 Choi Jeong-yoon, South Korean actress
  • 1977-08-12 Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1977-09-09 Chae Jung-an, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977-09-28 Se-ri Pak, South Korean golfer (5 LPGA major titles; US Open 1998, British Open 2001), born in Daejeon, South Korea
  • 1977-09-29 Won Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1977-11-04 So Ji-sub, South Korean swimmer, model and actor
  • 1977-12-25 Uhm Ji-won, South Korean actress, born in Daegu, South Korea

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

1934-10-08 South Korean President Syngman Rhee (59) weds Francesca Donner (34)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee

Famous Deaths

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1965-07-19 Syngman Rhee, first President of South Korea (1948-60), dies at 90

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1974-08-15 Mrs Park Chung Hi, wife of South Korean president, murdered
  • 1979-10-26 Park Chung-hee, South Korean President, assassinated
  • 1982-11-17 Duk Koo Kim, South Korean boxer, legally declared dead
  • 1983-10-09 Sun Suk Joon, South Korean vice premier, murdered
  • 1990-07-18 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1994-01-17 Chung Il Kwon, Prime Minister of South Korea (1964-70), dies
  • 2002-06-15 Choi Hong Hi, South Korean army general and Founder of Taekwon-Do, dies at 83
  • 2004-06-22 Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2005-04-16 Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (b. 1943)
  • 2006-10-22 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, dies at 87
  • 2007-02-10 Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (b. 1980)
  • 2008-01-03 Yo-Sam Choi, South Korean boxer/former WBC light flyweight champion (b. 1972)
  • 2008-10-02 Choi Jin-sil, South Korean actress (b. 1968)
  • 2008-10-06 Kim Ji-hoo, South Korean actor and model (b. 1985)
  • 2009-03-07 Jang Ja-yeon, South Korean actress (b. 1982)
  • 2009-04-27 Woo Seung-yeon, South Korean actress and model (b. 1983)
  • 2009-05-17 Jung Seung-hye, South Korean film producer (b. 1965)
  • 2009-08-18 Kim Dae-jung,15th President of South Korea (b. 1925)
  • 2009-09-01 Jang Jin-young, South Korean actress (b. 1974)
  • 2011-12-13 Park Tae-joon, South Korean general and founder of steel giant Posco, dies at 84
  • 2012-09-03 Sun Myung Moon, South Korean evangelist (Unification Church), dies at 92
  • 2015-11-22 Kim Young-sam, politician and activist - President of South Korea (1993-98), dies at 87
  • 2017-12-18 Jonghyun [Kim Jong-hyun], South Korean singer-songwriter, radio host, and author (SHINee), commits suicide at 27
  • 2018-06-23 Kim Jong-pil, South Korean Prime Minister (1971-75, 1998-2000) and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (now the National Intelligence Service), dies at 92