Soviet Union in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 1,223

  • 1933-08-17 Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")
  • 1933-09-03 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • 1933-11-16 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1933-11-17 United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade
  • 1933-11-21 1st US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service
  • 1933-11-25 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261' (80m)
  • 1934-01-13 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR
  • 1934-02-13 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1934-06-10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1934-09-12 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • 1934-09-17 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)
  • 1934-09-18 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • 1935-07-12 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1935-07-24 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR
  • 1935-10-22 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • 1935-12-28 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union

Historic Event

1936-11-05 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

  • 1936-12-05 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • 1937-03-07 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR

Execution

1937-06-12 After a one-day show trial, eight Soviet generals are sentenced to death and executed by the NKVD

  • 1937-08-06 US and USSR sign trade treaty
  • 1938-01-17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
  • 1938-02-19 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1938-03-02 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union

Treaty of Interest

1939-08-23 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree the Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression pact and secretly divide Poland between themselves, setting the stage for World War II

  • 1939-08-24 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 1939-09-17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war
  • 1939-09-28 Estonia accepts Soviet military bases

Treaty of Interest

1939-09-28 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR

Historic Event

1939-10-01 Winston Churchill calls Russia a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"

Agreement of Interest

1939-10-30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

  • 1939-11-26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border
  • 1939-11-28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • 1939-11-29 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland
  • 1939-11-30 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki
  • 1939-12-14 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • 1940-01-07 Winter War: The Finish 9th Division defeats the Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road despite being significantly outnumbered
  • 1940-01-12 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1940-02-01 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland
  • 1940-03-02 Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island, Finland
  • 1940-03-31 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
  • 1940-06-15 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • 1940-06-17 USSR occupies Estonia
  • 1940-06-26 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • 1940-06-27 Soviet Army attacks Romania

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1940-06-27 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar, using Sunday as a rest day, after 6 years using a Russian six-day calendar

  • 1940-06-28 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1940-07-21 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • 1940-08-03 Lithuanian SSR is accepted into USSR
  • 1940-08-06 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • 1940-08-25 Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
  • 1941-04-13 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1941-05-06 Joseph Stalin becomes Premier of the Soviet Union, replacing his foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov

Germany Invades the Soviet Union

1941-06-22 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history

  • 1941-06-25 -26] Soviet counter attack at Rovno, Ukraine
  • 1941-06-25 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941-08-02 German 11st Army surrounds 20 Soviet divisions at Oeman
  • 1941-08-03 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR
  • 1941-08-08 20 divisions of Soviet 6th/12th Army surrender at Oeman
  • 1941-08-25 British & Soviet troops attack pro-German Iran
  • 1941-09-17 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1941-09-23 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • 1941-10-06 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • 1941-10-07 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • 1941-10-12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • 1941-10-18 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
  • 1941-11-06 USA lends Soviet Union $1 million
  • 1941-11-27 USSR begins a counter offensive, causes Germany to retreat
  • 1941-12-05 Soviet anti-offensive in Moscow drives out Nazi army
  • 1941-12-12 Soviet 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
  • 1942-01-28 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • 1942-05-26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • 1942-06-11 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
  • 1942-07-10 Netherlands government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1942-07-22 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • 1942-08-08 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko
  • 1942-08-23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • 1942-08-26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • 1942-09-23 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad
  • 1942-10-12 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • 1942-10-29 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • 1942-11-19 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • 1942-11-20 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 1942-11-23 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • 1942-12-25 Soviet artillery and tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-10 Soviet offensive against German 6th and 4th Armies near Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-13 Soviet offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • 1943-01-15 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh

Siege of Leningrad

1943-01-18 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later

  • 1943-01-21 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • 1943-01-21 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • 1943-02-14 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII
  • 1943-02-16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov
  • 1943-03-12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • 1943-04-27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
  • 1943-07-12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • 1943-08-04 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • 1943-08-05 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • 1943-08-21 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 298

  • 1931-01-22 Galina Zybina, USSR, discus thrower (15 world records between 1952-58)

Mikhail GorbachevMikhail Gorbachev (1931-2022)

1931-03-02 General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia [1]

  • 1931-04-29 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • 1931-05-04 Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Russian conductor (Bolshoi Theatre, 1951-61; USSR State Radio, 1961-74; USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony, 1983-91), born in Moscow, Russia, USSR (d. 2018)
  • 1931-11-23 Yevgeny Grischin, Russian 500m/1500m speed skater (Olympic gold 1956, 60), born in Tula, Soviet Union (d. 2005)
  • 1932-03-10 Anatoliy Roschin, Soviet super heavyweight wrestler (Olympic gold 1972)
  • 1932-05-03 Maria Itkina, Russian athlete (9 sprint world records, 60m-400m), born in Roslavl, Russia (d. 2020)
  • 1932-05-17 Rodric Braithwaite, British ambassador to USSR
  • 1932-05-25 Georgy Grechko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 26, T-14), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2017)
  • 1932-06-20 Robert Rozhdestvensky, Soviet poet, born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 1994)
  • 1932-09-18 Valery Ryumin, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32/34, 35/37), born in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia
  • 1932-10-23 Vasily Belov, Russian author, poet and playwright (Business as Usual, Everything's Ahead), born in Northern Krai, USSR (d. 2012)
  • 1932-12-05 Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet, novelist and journalist who helped develop Dagestani in Russian literature, born in Khunzakhsky District, Soviet Union (d. 2016)
  • 1933-01-16 Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A, 27, T-3), born in Udomlya, Russia (d. 2003)
  • 1933-04-15 Boris Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian science fiction author (Tale of Troika), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 2012)
  • 1933-06-14 Vladislav Rastorotsky, Soviet gymnastics coach, born in Liski, Russian SFSR (d. 2017)
  • 1933-06-19 Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11), born in Aktobe, Kazakhstan (d. 1971)
  • 1933-09-10 Yevgeny Khrunov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 5), born in Prudy, Tula Oblast, Soviet Union (d. 2000)
  • 1933-09-18 Valentina Ponomaryova, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 6 backup), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1934-02-08 Galina Bystrova, Soviet pentathlete (1957, 58)

Yuri GagarinYuri Gagarin (1934-1968)

1934-03-09 Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

  • 1934-04-01 Vladimir Posner, Russian-French-American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris

Alexey LeonovAlexey Leonov (88 years old)

1934-05-30 Russian cosmonaut (Voskhod 2, first person to walk in space), born in Listvyanka, Soviet Union (d. 2019)

  • 1934-07-13 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
  • 1934-08-25 Valery F. Bykovsky, USSR cosmonaut (Vostok V, Soyuz 22, 31/39), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
  • 1934-11-26 Lyudmila Shevtsova, Russian athlete (Olympic gold USSR 800m 1960), born in Taman, Krasnodar Krai, Russia
  • 1934-12-03 Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
  • 1934-12-18 Boris Volynov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 21), born in Irkutsk, Siberia
  • 1935-02-01 Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 22, T-2)
  • 1935-06-05 Misha Mengelberg, Dutch jazz pianist and composer (Reconstruction), born in Kiev, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR (d. 2017)
  • 1935-07-08 Vitali Sevastiyanov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 9, 18), born in Krasnouralsk, Soviet Union (d. 2010)
  • 1935-07-19 Vasily Livanov, Russian film actor and screenwriter, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1935-08-03 Georgy Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 6), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • 1935-09-11 Gherman Stepanovich Titov, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok II), born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 2000)
  • 1935-11-22 Ludmila Belousova, Russian pairs skater (Olympic gold USSR 1964, 68; World C'ship gold x 4; with Oleg Protopopov), born in Ulyanovsk, Russia (d. 2017)
  • 1935-12-05 Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter and writer, born in Makeyevka, Ukrainian SSR
  • 1936-01-14 Ludmila Pinayeva, Russian kayaker (Olympic gold 500m 1964, 1968, 1972), born in Krasnoye Selo, Russia
  • 1936-06-02 Vladimir Golubnichy, Soviet walker (Olympic gold 20k 1960, 68), born in Sumy, Ukraine
  • 1937-01-30 Boris Spassky, Russian chess player (world champion 1969-72, born in Leningrad, Russia
  • 1937-02-10 Yuriy Poyarkov, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic 2 gold/1 silver-1964-72)

Valentina TereshkovaValentina Tereshkova (85 years old)

1937-03-06 Soviet cosmonaut and 1st woman in space (Vostok 6), born in Maslennikovo, Russia

  • 1937-03-15 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer (To Live and Remember), born in Atalanka, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1937-03-17 Galina Samsova, Russian ballerina, born in Stalingrad, Soviet Union
  • 1937-04-12 Igor Volk, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-12) and test pilot, born in Zmiiv, Ukraine (d. 2017)
  • 1937-04-18 Tatyana Shchelkanova, Soviet long jumper (Olympic bronze 1964), born in Rostov, Russia (d. 2011)
  • 1937-05-10 Tamara Press, Soviet athlete (Olympic gold shot put 1960, 64; discus 1960, 64), born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 2021)
  • 1937-06-18 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • 1937-09-11 Iosif Kobzon, Soviet-Russian singer and businessman, born in Chasiv Yar, Ukraine (d. 2018)
  • 1937-09-16 Aleksandr Medved, Soviet wrestler (Olympic gold 1964 68, 72), born in Bila Tserkva, Ukraine
  • 1937-09-26 Valentin Pavlov, Russian politician and Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (1991), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2003)
  • 1937-11-26 Boris Yegorov, Soviet physician and cosmonaut (Voskhod I), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 1994)
  • 1938-01-23 Anatoly Marchenko, Soviet dissident, born in Barabinsk, Russia (d. 1986)
  • 1938-02-11 Boris Majorov, USSR, ice hockey (Olympic gold 1964)
  • 1938-02-11 Yevgeniy Majorov, USSR, ice hockey (Olympic gold 1964)
  • 1938-03-17 Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer (Kirov), born on a train near Irkutsk, Soviet Union (d. 1993)
  • 1938-05-25 Lyudmila Buldakova, Russian volleyball player (Olympic gold USSR 1968, 72), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 2006)
  • 1938-06-24 Boris Lagutin, Russian boxer (Olympic gold USSR light-middleweight 1964, 68; bronze 1960), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2022)
  • 1938-07-30 Vyachselav Ivanenko, Russian race walker (Olympic gold 50k 1988), born in Kemerovo, Russia
  • 1938-08-19 Valentin Mankin, Ukrainian yachtsman (Olympic gold, USSR, Finn class 1968), born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 2014)
  • 1939-02-13 Valery Rozhdestvensky, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2011)
  • 1939-03-08 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR, speed skater (Olympics-6 gold-1960, 64)
  • 1939-03-10 Irina Press, Soviet 80m hurdles runner and pentathlete (Olympic gold 1960, 64), born in Kharkiv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union (d. 2004)
  • 1939-04-03 Vitaliy Davidov, Soviet ice hockey player (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72), born in Moscow
  • 1939-05-26 Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
  • 1939-10-02 Yury Glazkov, Soviet Air Force officer and cosmonaut (Soyuz 24), born in Moscow (d. 2008)
  • 1939-10-08 Elvīra Ozoliņa, Soviet javelin thrower (Olympic gold 1960), born in Leningrad
  • 1939-11-11 Claudia Boyarskikh, Soviet cross country skier (5 Olympic gold 1964, 1968), born in Verkhnyaya Pyshma, Russia (d. 2009)
  • 1939-11-29 Gennadi Volnov, Russian basketball player (Olympic gold 1972), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 1998)
  • 1940-03-07 Viktor Savinykh, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-4, T-13, TM-5), born in Berezkiny, Kirov
  • 1940-05-24 Joseph Brodsky, Russian-American poet and writer (Less than One, Nobel 1987), born in Leningrad, RSFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1996)
  • 1940-07-06 Viktor Kuzkin, Soviet ice hockey player (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72), born in Moscow (d. 2008)
  • 1940-07-22 Yuriy Klimov, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976)
  • 1940-09-28 Alekander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 29/31, T-6)
  • 1941-02-01 Anatoli Firsov, Russian ice hockey left wing (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72; 8 x World C'ship gold), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2000)
  • 1941-02-16 Vitali Kuznetsov, Russian judoka (Olympic silver 1972) (d. 2011)
  • 1941-03-08 Andrei Mironov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1941-05-03 Nona Gaprindashvili, Georgian world women's chess champ (1962-78), born in Zugdidi, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1941-05-05 Alexander Ragulin, Russian ice hockey player (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72), born in Moscow (d. 2004)

Aldrich AmesAldrich Ames (81 years old)

1941-05-16 American CIA officer and spy for the Soviet Union, born in River Falls, Wisconsin

  • 1941-05-21 Anatoly Levchenko, Soviet cosmonaut (TM-4), born in Krasnokutsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR (d. 1988)
  • 1941-08-05 Leonid Kizim, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-10, T-15), born in rasnyi Lyman, Soviet Union (d. 2010)
  • 1941-08-27 Yuri Vassilyevich Malyshev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-2, T-11)
  • 1942-01-01 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • 1942-01-07 Vasiliy Alekseyev, Russian weightlifter (Olympic gold 1972, 76), born in Miloslavsky District, Soviet Union (d. 2011)
  • 1942-01-08 Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Bor, Russia

Kim Jong-ilKim Jong-il (1942-2011)

1942-02-16 Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011), born in Vyatskoye, Soviet Union [disputed birthplace and birth date, 1941]

  • 1942-04-11 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5), born in Enem, Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1942-04-29 Galina Kulakova, Soviet nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1972), born in Logachi, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
  • 1942-05-13 Vladimir Dzhanibekov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13), born in Iskandar, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1942-05-14 Valeriy Brumel, Soviet athlete (d. 2003)
  • 1943-03-25 Pavel Lednev, Russian pentathlete (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1943-07-24 Lyudmila Bragina, Russian athlete (Olympic gold USSR 1500m 1972 WR 4:01.38), born in Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • 1944-01-23 Sergey Belov, Soviet basketball player (Olympic gold 1972), born in Shegarsky District, Russia (d. 2013)
  • 1944-02-15 Aleksandr Serebrov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17), born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2013)

Robert HanssenRobert Hanssen (78 years old)

1944-04-18 American FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1944-06-15 Inna Ryskai, Soviet volleyball player (Olympic-2 gold/2 silver-1964-76), born in Baku, Azerbaijan, Soviet Union
  • 1944-08-01 Yury Romanenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2), born in Koltubanka, Russia
  • 1945-03-18 Aleksey Vakhonin, USSR, bantam weight (Olympic gold 1964)
  • 1945-03-26 Mikhail Voronin, Russian and Soviet gymnast (1968 Olympics: 7 medals including 2 gold, 1972 Olympics: 2 silver medals), born in Moscow (d. 2004)
  • 1945-04-10 Vera Misevich, Ukrainian equestrian dressage (Olympic gold 1980), born in Ukraine (d. 1995)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths