Soviet Union in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 1,226

  • 1943-08-05 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • 1943-08-21 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • 1943-08-22 Soviet troops free Karkov
  • 1943-09-16 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • 1943-09-17 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
  • 1943-09-21 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • 1943-09-21 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • 1943-09-24 Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
  • 1943-09-25 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • 1943-10-30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front
  • 1943-11-06 Soviet troops land on Kertsj peninsula
  • 1943-11-06 Soviet forces reconquer Kiev
  • 1943-12-20 "Internationale" is no longer USSR National Anthem
  • 1943-12-28 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.
  • 1944-01-14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • 1944-02-01 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy

  • 1944-03-13 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio
  • 1944-04-02 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • 1944-04-10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from the Axis powers
  • 1944-04-13 New Zealand and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
  • 1944-05-05 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • 1944-05-18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • 1944-06-09 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • 1944-06-20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • 1944-06-22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • 1944-06-23 Soviet offensive in central front sector
  • 1944-06-29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • 1944-07-17 Soviet troops cross Bug River and march into Poland
  • 1944-07-22 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • 1944-07-23 Soviet Army marches into Lublin, Poland
  • 1944-07-24 Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Majdanek
  • 1944-07-26 Soviet troops arrive in Weichsel
  • 1944-07-27 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • 1944-08-14 Soviet offensive at Weichsel
  • 1944-08-17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • 1944-08-20 Soviet offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev

  • 1944-08-30 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • 1944-08-31 Soviet & Romanian troops march into Bucharest
  • 1944-09-15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1944-09-19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • 1944-09-26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • 1944-09-29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • 1944-10-06 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • 1944-10-18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1944-10-20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 1944-10-23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • 1944-12-26 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army
  • 1945-01-12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • 1945-01-17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance
  • 1945-01-17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • 1945-01-18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1945-01-20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-01-26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1945-01-27 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • 1945-01-30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • 1945-01-31 Soviet troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin

  • 1945-02-13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • 1945-03-12 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • 1945-03-30 USSR invades Austria
  • 1945-04-02 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established
  • 1945-04-18 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia established
  • 1945-04-19 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • 1945-04-20 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • 1945-04-21 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • 1945-04-25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • 1945-04-30 Soviet Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • 1945-05-01 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • 1945-05-01 Soviet army reaches Rostock

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945-05-02 World War II: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders

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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
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Victory in BattleNazi Germany Surrenders

1945-05-08 German General Wilhelm Keitel formally surrenders to the Allies represented by the United States, the UK, France and the Soviet Union in Berlin

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German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
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  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • 1945-05-10 Soviet troops occupied Prague
  • 1945-06-05 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • 1945-06-28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • 1945-06-29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1945-08-08 US, USSR, Britain and France sign Treaty of London which sets down procedures for the Nuremberg war trials of Nazi leaders

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • 1945-08-08 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • 1945-08-08 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • 1945-08-16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops
  • 1945-08-20 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • 1946-03-19 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
  • 1946-05-08 Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn
  • 1946-10-28 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
  • 1947-02-10 Province of Petsamo returned to Soviet Union by Finland
  • 1947-02-17 Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
  • 1947-07-03 Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-07-06 The Ak-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union

  • 1947-10-11 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1947-12-04 USSR joins International Amateur Athletic Union
  • 1947-12-10 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948-03-18 Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

1948-06-24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

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Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
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  • 1948-08-20 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • 1948-10-06 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1948-11-30 Soviets set up a separate municipal government in East Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949-03-04 Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1949-08-29 USSR performs its first nuclear test at Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949-09-23 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1949-10-02 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 299 of 299

  • 1945-06-09 Faina Melnik, Soviet discus thrower (Olympic gold 1972), born in Bakota, Ukraine
  • 1945-08-31 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • 1945-09-29 Nadezhda Chizova, USSR, shot putter (Olympic gold/silv/bronze-68/72/76)
  • 1945-10-03 Viktor Saneyev, Soviet triple jumper (Olympics 3 gold 1968, 72, 76), born in Sukhumi, Georgia
  • 1946-01-11 Ludmila Poradnik, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • 1946-02-16 Aleksandr Shaparenko, USSR, 1K kayaker (Olympic gold 1972)
  • 1946-05-17 Sinaida Turchina, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976)
  • 1946-08-21 Lev Alburt, International Chess Master (1976), born in Orenburg, Russia
  • 1946-11-20 Patriarch Kirill [Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev] Russian Orthodox church leader (2009-), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union
  • 1947-01-02 Aleksandr Tikhonov, Russian biathlete (Olympic gold biathlon relay 1968, 72, 76, 80), born in Uyskoye, Chelyabinsk, Russia
  • 1947-02-02 Aleksandr Medved, USSR, wrestler (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72)
  • 1947-07-28 Elena Belova, Russian foils fencer (Olympic gold 1968), born in Sovetskaya Gavan, Soviet Union
  • 1947-08-11 Sergey Kovalneko, USSR, basketball (Olympic bronze 1968)
  • 1947-09-16 Alexander Rutskoy, Russian politician (Vice President of Russia 1991-93) and Soviet military officer (led the putsch against President Boris Yeltsin during Russian constitutional crisis of 1993), born in Proskuriv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1947-11-04 Alexei Ulanov, Russian pairs figure skater (Olympic gold [with Irina Rodnina] 1972), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1947-11-05 Oļegs Antropovs, Latvian volleyball player (Olympic gold 1968), born in Shymkent, Kazakh SSR
  • 1947-12-09 Jaak Jõerüüt, Soviet-born Estonian politician (Minister of Defence 2004-05), born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1947-12-10 Zinaida Voronina, Russian and Soviet gymnast (1968 Olympics: 4 medals including 1 gold), born in Yoshkar-Ola, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1948-02-29 Nikolai Pimenov, Russian rower (World C'ship gold coxless pairs 1981, 85, 86; Olympic silver 1976), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1948-02-29 Yuri Pimenov, Russian rower (World C'ship gold coxless pairs 1981, 85, 86; Olympic silver 1976), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1948-09-19 Nadezhda Tkachenko, Ukrainian pentathlete (Olympic gold 1980), born in Kremenchuk, Ukraine
  • 1948-09-29 Viktor Krovopouskov, USSR, sabres/fencer (Olympic gold, individual and team, 1976, 1980)
  • 1948-10-20 Andrei Suraikin, USSR, pairs figure skater (Olympic silver 1972)
  • 1948-11-26 Galina Prozumenshchikova, Soviet 200m backstroke (Olympic gold 1964), born in Sevastopol, Russian SFSR
  • 1949-03-12 Natalia Kuchinskaya, Soviet gymnast
  • 1949-07-21 Ludmila Smirnova, Soviet pairs figure skater (Olympic silver 1972)
  • 1949-08-03 Valeri Vasiliev, Soviet ice hockey defenceman (2x Olympic gold), born in Gorky, Soviet Union (d. 2012)
  • 1949-09-12 Irina Rodnina, Russian pairs figure skater (Olympic gold 1972, 76, 80), born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1949-10-20 Valery Borzov, USSR, 100m/200m dash (Olympic gold 1972)
  • 1949-11-03 Roswitha Krause, German swimmer and team handball player (first woman Summer Olympic medals in different sports; silver 4x100m freestyle 1968, handball 1976), born in Dahme, Germany
  • 1949-11-25 [Boris] Alexander Godunov, Sakhalin USSR, dancer/actor (Die Hard)
  • 1949-12-13 Nana Alexandria, Georgian International Woman's Chess Grandmaster (1976), born in Poti, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
  • 1950-06-25 Tatyana Averina, Russian speed skater 1K, 3K (Olympic gold 1976), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1950-10-01 Boris Morukov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2015)
  • 1951-03-22 Musa Manarov, Soviet cosmonaut who spent 541 days in space (Soyuz TM-4, TM-11), born in Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR
  • 1951-05-23 Anatoly Karpov, Russian chess player (world champion 1975-85, 93-99), born in Zlatoust, Russia

Person of interestEdward Lee Howard

1951-10-27 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 1951-12-17 Tatyana Kazankina, USSR, middle distance runner (Olympic gold 1976)
  • 1952-02-29 Raisa Smetanina, Soviet cross country skier (Olympic gold 10k & 4x5k relay 1976; 10k 1980; 4x5k relay 1992), born in Mokhcha, Russia
  • 1952-03-08 Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14)
  • 1952-03-09 Uljana Semjonova, Soviet-Latvian basketball player (Olympic gold 1976), born in Zarasai, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1952-04-25 Vladislav Tretiak, Russian hockey player (Olympic gold 1972, 76), born in Dmitrovsky District, Russia
  • 1952-06-16 Aleksandr Zaitsev, USSR, pairs figure skating (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • 1952-07-26 Lyudmila Maslakova, Soviet relay runner (Olympic silver 1980), born in Astrakhan
  • 1952-10-07 Ludmila Tourischeva, Soviet gymnast (Olympic gold 1972), born in Grozny, Russia

Person of interestVladimir Putin

1952-10-07 Vladimir Putin, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 1952-10-14 Nikolai Adrianov, Soviet-Russian gymnast (Olympic-4 gold/2 silver/bronze-1976), born in Vladimir, Russia (d. 2011)
  • 1952-12-29 Nikolai Andrianov, Soviet/Russian gymnast (Olympic gold 1972, 76, 80), born in Vladimir, Russia (d. 2011)
  • 1953-02-04 Svetlana Ulmasova, USSR, 3K (world title 1978)
  • 1953-05-19 Shavarsh Karapetyan, Soviet Armenian finswimmer
  • 1953-11-28 Nadezhda Olizarenko, USSR, 800m/1500m runner (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1953-12-14 René Eespere, Soviet-born Estonian composer, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1954-01-02 Lyudmila Borozna, Russian volleyball player (Olympic gold 1972), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 1954-05-28 Youri Egorov, Soviet classical pianist, born in Kazan, USSR (d. 1988)
  • 1955-03-10 Youssra, Egyptian actress and singer
  • 1955-03-13 Olga Rukavishnikova, Soviet pentathlete (Olympic silver 1980), born in Severodvinsk, Arkhangelsk
  • 1955-06-11 Yuriy Sedykh, Soviet hammer thrower (Olympic Gold 1976, 80), born in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, Russia
  • 1955-06-28 Nikolay Zimyatov, Soviet-Russian nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1976), born in Moscow
  • 1955-07-11 Sergey Babinov, USSR, ice hockey star (Olympic gold 1972)
  • 1955-07-24 Lubov Odinokova, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • 1956-01-15 Vera Sosulya, Soviet tobogganist (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1956-03-26 Tatyana Kochergina, Ukrainian handball player (Olympic gold 1976, 80 USSR), born in Ovidiopol, Ukraine
  • 1956-06-03 Suren Nalbandyan, USSR, lightweight (Olympic gold 1976)
  • 1956-06-21 Mikhail Burtsev, Soviet sabre fencer (Olympic gold 1976, 1980), born in Moscow (d. 2015)
  • 1956-09-16 Anatoly Beloglazov, Russian 52 kg freestyle wrestler (Olympic gold 1980), born in Kaliningrad, Russia
  • 1956-09-16 Sergei Beloglazov, Russian 57 kg freestyle wrestler (Olympic gold 1980, 88), born in Kaliningrad, Russia
  • 1957-03-11 Elena Donaldson-Akhmilovskaya, Leningrad, Soviet Union, Chess Grandmaster, (d. 2012)
  • 1957-07-29 Nellie Kim, Shurab, Tajik SSR, Soviet gymnast (Olympic-3 golds-1976)
  • 1957-07-31 Irina Nazariva, USSR, 4 X 400m relay (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1957-08-07 Alexander Dityatin, Soviet gymnast (3-time Olympic Champion), born in Leningrad, Russia
  • 1957-09-20 Vladimir Tkachenko, Ukrainian-Russian basketball player (Olympic bronze 1980), born in Sochi, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
  • 1957-11-04 Aleksandr Tkachev, Russian gymnast (Olympic gold team, parallel bars 1980), born in Semiluki, Voronezh Oblast
  • 1958-01-10 Anatoly Pisarenko, Soviet weightlifter, born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1958-06-28 Sergei Shakrai, Russian figure skater (Olympic silver 1980), born in Soviet Union
  • 1958-08-07 Larisa Karlova, Ukrainian team handball player (Olympic gold 1976, 80), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 1958-12-02 Vladimir Parfenovich, Soviet canoeist, Olympic gold K1-500, K-2 500, K-2 1,000 1980; 9 gold World C'ships 1979-83), born in Minsk, Belarus
  • 1959-02-08 Irina Kalinina, USSR, springboard diver (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1959-10-09 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, born in Sochi, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1960-06-29 Sergei Kopylov, Soviet cyclist (Olympic gold 1980), born in Tula, Soviet Union
  • 1961-01-17 Maia Chiburdanidze, Soviet women's world chess champ, born in Kutaisi, USSR
  • 1961-05-30 Ella Arolovich, Leningrad USSR, model
  • 1961-06-24 Natalya Shaposhnikova, USSR, sidehorse vaulter (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1961-07-19 Maria Filatova, Soviet gymnast (Olympic 1976, 80 Gold), born in Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Kemerovo Oblast, Russia
  • 1961-07-28 Alexander Kurlovitch, Soviet weightlifter, born in Grodno, Soviet Union
  • 1961-08-07 Yelena Davydova, Russian Canadian gymnast (Olympic gold 1980), born in Voronezh, Soviet Union
  • 1963-01-18 Yury Zakharevich, Soviet weightlifter, born in Tver Oblast, Russia
  • 1963-05-21 Elena Vodorezova, Russian figure skater (Olympic-1976) and coach, born in Moscow, USSR
  • 1965-01-26 Natalia Yurchenko, Soviet gymnast, born in Norilsk, Russia

Person of interestDmitry Medvedev

1965-09-14 Dmitry Medvedev, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister of Russia), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev
  • 1966-12-17 Valeri Liukin, Soviet gymnast
  • 1966-12-22 Dmitry Bilozerchev, Soviet/Russian gymnast, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1967-12-21 Mikhail Saakashvili, Soviet-born President of Georgia, born in Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 1969-02-18 Alexander Mogilny, Russian ice hockey player & 1st soviet to defect to NHL (Sabres), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • 1970-07-04 Andrei Cherkasov, Russian tennis player, born in Ufa, Russia
  • 1970-11-01 Alla Korot, American actress (Jenna Norris-Another World), born in Odessa, Ukraine

Person of interestPavel Bure

1971-03-31 Pavel Bure, Russian Hockey Hall of Fame right wing (Vancouver Canucks, Florida Panthers), born in Moscow, Russia

Ice Hockey Great Pavel Bure
Ice Hockey Great
Pavel Bure

Person of interestMilla Jovovich

1975-12-17 Milla Jovovich, Russian born American actress (The Fifth Element, Resident Evil), born in Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union

  • 1989-03-11 Anton Yelchin, Russian-born American actor (Star Trek), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2016)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths