Spanish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 850

  • 0694-11-09 Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Muslims/sentenced to slavery
  • 0711-07-09 Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupy North Spain
  • 0756-05-15 Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova, Spain
  • 0939-08-06 Battle at Simancas - Spain beats Moors
  • 1085-05-25 Alfonso VI of León and Castile captures the Muslim taifa of Toledo
  • 1086-10-23 Battle of az-Zallaqah: Almoravid army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI
  • 1212-06-20 French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1212-07-16 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa [Battle of Al-Uqab]: combined Christian army defeats Almohad Muslim force in a turning point for Muslim power on Iberian peninsula
  • 1229-04-12 Queen Blanche of Castile & Earl Raymond VII of Toulouse sign peace
  • 1250-04-15 Pope Innocent IV refuses Jews of Cordova, Spain their request to build a synagogue
  • 1252-07-01 King Alfonso X 'the Wise', King of Castile & Leon crowned

Historic Event

1291-11-28 Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I of England, dies in Northamptonshire. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London.

  • 1293-05-20 King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá
  • 1340-10-30 Battle of Rio Salado (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula

Victory in Battle

1350-08-29 Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships

  • 1355-05-07 1,200 Jews of Toledo, Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara

Victory in Battle

1369-03-14 Battle of Montiel: Peter of Castile (Peter the Cruel) with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II

  • 1385-08-14 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1391-03-15 Anti-Semite monk in Seville, Spain stirs up people to attack Jews
  • 1391-06-04 Mob led by Ferrand Martinez surrounds and sets fire to the Jewish quarter of Seville in Spain, the surviving Jews are sold into slavery
  • 1391-06-06 Inhabitants of Seville, Spain, massacre 5,000 Jews
  • 1391-08-05 Castilian sailors fire attack Jewish ghetto of Barcelona, 100's killed

Historic Event

1430-01-10 Catholic Order of the Golden Fleece founded in Bruges in celebration of the prosperous and wealthy domains of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy

  • 1461-08-10 Alfonso ed Espina, bishop of Osma urges for an Inquisition in Spain
  • 1474-12-12 Isabella crowns herself queen of Castile & Aragon
  • 1479-03-06 Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa
  • 1479-09-04 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile
  • 1483-10-17 Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain

Historic Event

1486-05-01 Christopher Columbus proposes his plan to search for a western route to India in an audience with Spanish monarch, Isabella I. Full support is granted 3 years later, in 1489

  • 1489-12-04 Battle of Baza - Spanish army captures Baza from Moors
  • 1491-11-25 The siege of Granada, last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins
  • 1492-01-16 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.

Historic Event

1492-03-31 Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their kingdoms

  • 1492-04-17 Christopher Columbus signs a contract with the Spanish monarchs to find the "Indies" with the stated goal of converting people to Catholicism. This promises him 10% of all riches found, and the governorship of any lands encountered.
  • 1492-04-30 Christopher Columbus is given royal commission by Spanish monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II to equip his fleet to the New World
  • 1492-04-30 Spain announces it will expel all Jews

Santa María

1492-08-03 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494-06-07 Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain and Portugal divide the new world along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa

  • 1499-07-26 Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda discovers Curacao Island
  • 1501-11-04 Philip de Blank & Juana "la Loca" depart to Spain
  • 1502-05-09 Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his 4th and final trip to the New World
  • 1503-01-20 Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) established by the Crown of Castile in the port of Seville to deal with American affairs
  • 1503-04-28 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats a French force led by Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
  • 1503-10-30 Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against Indians in the Americas
  • 1503-12-29 Battle of Garigliano: Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats French forces in Italy, giving Spain control of the Kingdom of Naples
  • 1504-03-31 France & Spain sign truce
  • 1504-09-13 Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.
  • 1504-10-12 Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament

New Settlement

1508-08-08 Spaniard Juan Ponce de León founds Caparra the first European settlement in Puerto Rico

  • 1511-11-17 England, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire sign anti-French covenant The Treaty of Westminster
  • 1512-12-27 Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World
  • 1513-03-27 Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida
  • 1513-04-02 Explorer Juan Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain as the first known European to reach Florida
  • 1513-09-25 Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa crosses the Panama Isthmus becoming first European to see the Pacific Ocean
  • 1513-10-07 Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1516-08-13 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
  • 1519-08-15 Panama City founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro Arias Dávila

Historic Expedition

1519-09-20 Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets off on the 1st successful circumnavigation of the globe (Magellan killed on route)

Historic Event

1520-06-30 Spanish conquistadors are expelled from Tenochtitlan following an Aztec revolt against their rule under Hernán Cortés during "La Noche Triste" (the Night of Sadness). Many soldiers drown in the escape, and Aztec emperor Moctezuma II dies in the struggle

  • 1521-04-22 French King Francois I declares war on Spain

Victory in Battle

1521-08-13 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

Victory in Battle

1521-11-19 Battle at Milan: Emperor Charles V's pontifical, Spanish and German troops beat French forces and occupy Milan

  • 1522-02-07 Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish and Austrian Branches
  • 1522-04-27 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1522-05-25 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1522-09-06 Ferdinand Magellan's Spanish expedition aboard the Vitoria returns to Spain without their captain. First to circumnavigate the earth.
  • 1522-09-08 Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan)
  • 1524-10-26 Spanish troops give Milan to France
  • 1526-03-17 French King Francis I freed from Spain
  • 1526-03-26 King Francis I returns from Spanish captivity to France
  • 1527-05-06 Spanish and German Imperial troops sack Rome, ending the Renaissance
  • 1527-05-17 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men - by 1536 only 4 survive
  • 1528-04-15 Pánfilo the Narváez, Spanish conquistador arrives in Florida with 350 men to a hostile reception from native indians
  • 1528-09-22 Remaining crew of Spanish Narváez Expedition depart Florida in 5 crude boats destined for Texas, by sailing along the coast, a course disrupted by storms that carry them out to open Gulf of Mexico waters; boats land on barrier islands in early November [1]
  • 1528-11-06 Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes first known European to set foot in Texas
  • 1529-04-22 Treaty of Saragosa: Spain and Portugal divide eastern hemisphere
  • 1529-06-21 Battle of Landriano: Imperial-Spanish forces under Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova, beat a French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol
  • 1534-12-06 Quito, Ecuador, founded by Spanish colonists on the ruins of an Inca city
  • 1538-07-25 The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil

Historic Event

1539-06-03 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain

Historic Event

1542-06-27 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire

  • 1542-08-24 Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • 1542-09-28 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers California, at San Diego Bay, naming it San Miguel and claims it for Spain
  • 1542-11-22 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1552-07-17 Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun
  • 1553-12-25 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1555-04-17 Siena surrenders to Spanish troops

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 777

  • 0039-11-03 Lucan, Roman poet (Bellum Civile), born in Cordova, Spain (d. 65)
  • 0994-11-07 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, born in Córdoba, Caliphate of Córdoba (d. 1064)
  • 1162-10-13 Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile, born in Domfront Castle, Normandy (d. 1214)
  • 1188-03-04 Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII of France, regent to son Louis IX, born in Palencia, Spain (d. 1252)
  • 1221-11-23 Alfonso X 'the Wise', King of Castile & Leon, (1252-84), born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1284)
  • 1285-12-06 Ferdinand IV, King of Castile and León (1295-1312), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1312)
  • 1293-03-08 Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal (1325-57), born in Toro, Zamora (d. 1359)
  • 1311-08-13 King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon, born in Salamanca. Spain (d. 1350)
  • 1334-01-13 Henry II, King of Castile and León (1369-79), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1379)

Peter the CruelPeter the Cruel (1334-1369)

1334-08-30 Spanish King of Castile and Leon (1350-69), born in Burgos, Spain

  • 1350-01-23 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary & saint, born in Valencia, Aragon (d. 1419)
  • 1358-01-20 Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
  • 1358-08-24 John I of Castile, King of Castile and León (1379-90), born in Épila, Spain (d. 1390)
  • 1379-10-04 Henry III, King of Castile and León (1390-1406), born in Burgos, Castile (d. 1406)
  • 1397-06-29 John II, King of Aragon and Navarre, born in Medina del Campo, Spain (d. 1479)
  • 1398-08-19 Marqués de Santillana, Castilian politician and poet (serranillas), born in Carrión de los Condes, Spain (d. 1458)
  • 1405-03-06 King John II of Castile (d. 1454)
  • 1428-05-03 Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman, born in Guadalajara, Spain (d. 1495)
  • 1431-01-01 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)

Isabella I of CastileIsabella I of Castile (1451-1504)

1451-04-22 Queen of Castile (1479-1504), patron of Christopher Columbus, who initiated the Spanish Inquisition with husband Ferdinand II of Aragon, born in Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain

Christopher ColumbusChristopher Columbus (1451-1506)

1451-10-30 Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the "New World" for Spain and initiated European colonization, born in the Republic of Genoa on or just before this date

  • 1453-09-01 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)

Juan Ponce de LeónJuan Ponce de León (1460-1521)

1460-04-08 Spanish explorer and conquistador who searched for the fountain of youth and the first European to discover Florida, born in Santervás de Campos, Castile, Spain

  • 1468-06-12 Juan del Encina, Spanish author and composer, born in Encinas, Spain (d. 1529)
  • 1478-07-22 Philip I, (the Handsome), 1st Habsburg King of Spain (1504-06)
  • 1479-11-06 Johanna, the Insane, Queen of Castile (1504-20), born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1555)
  • 1482-06-29 Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (1500-17), born in Córdoba, Kingdom of Castile (d. 1517)

Catherine of AragonCatherine of Aragon (1485-1536)

1485-12-16 Spanish princess, 1st wife of Henry VIII, Queen of England (1509-33), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1491-10-23 Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish-Basque nobleman, priest, and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) religious order, born in Azpeitia, Spain (d. 1556)
  • 1492-03-06 Jean Luis Vives, Spanish theory/humanist/reformer

Charles VCharles V (1500-1558)

1500-02-24 King of Spain (1516-56) and Holy Roman Emperor (1519-56), born in Ghent, Flanders, Habsburg Netherlands

  • 1503-10-24 Isabella of Portugal, Queen consort of Spain, Queen of the Romans, and Lady of the Netherlands (1526-39), and Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Italy (1530-39), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1539)
  • 1507-01-14 Catherine of Habsburg, Queen of Portugal, born in Torquemada, Spain (d. 1578)
  • 1507-10-29 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish noble and diplomat (governor of the Netherlands (1567–1573)), born in Piedrahíta, Ávila, Spain (d. 1582)
  • 1510-10-28 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía and Jesuit priest, born in Duchy of Gandía, Kingdom of Valencia, Spain (d. 1572)
  • 1511-09-29 Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and physician (Christianism Rostituta), born in Villanueva or Tudela, Spain (d. 1553)
  • 1515-03-28 Teresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint, born in Gotarrendura, Ávila (d. 1582)
  • 1515-09-08 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1585)
  • 1517-06-29 Rembert Dodoens [Rembert Van Joenckema], Flemish physician and botanist, born in Mechelen, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1585)
  • 1517-08-20 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), born in Besançon, France (d. 1586)
  • 1519-02-15 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer who founded St. Augustine, Florida, born in Avilés, Spain (d. 1574)

Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain (1527-1598)

1527-05-21 King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98), born in Valladolid, Spain

  • 1528-06-21 Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress (1564-76), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1603)
  • 1534-04-07 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish jesuit/missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)
  • 1535-06-24 Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal, born in Madrid (d. 1573)
  • 1539-01-07 Sebastian de Covarrubias Horozco, Spanish lexicographer
  • 1542-06-24 St. John of the Cross [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite mystic, saint, priest and poet, born in Fontiveros, Ávila, Spain (d. 1591)
  • 1543-10-23 Juan de la Cueva, Spanish dramatist, born in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1612)
  • 1545-04-13 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Fontainbleau, France (d. 1568)
  • 1545-07-08 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II
  • 1547-02-24 John of Austria, Spanish military leader (Battle of Lepanto), and governor of the Netherlands, born in of Regensburg, Upper Palatinate (now Germany) (d. 1578)

Miguel de CervantesMiguel de Cervantes (1547-1616)

1547-09-29 Spanish author (Don Quixote), born in Alcalá de Henares, Habsburg Spain

  • 1548-01-05 Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian, born in Granada, Spain (d. 1617)
  • 1549-11-02 Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Cigales, Spain (d. 1580)
  • 1550-09-10 Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, Spanish Armada commander, born in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz, Spain (d. 1615)

Thomas KydThomas Kyd (1558-1594)

1558-11-06 English dramatist (The Spanish Tragedy), born in London

  • 1561-07-11 Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet and writer, born in Córdoba, Spain (d. 1627)
  • 1561-09-10 Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Spanish-American colonial governor, born in Asunción (d. 1634)
  • 1562-11-25 Lope Félix de Vega Carpio, Spanish dramatist and poet (Angelica, Arcadia), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1635)
  • 1566-08-12 Isabella Clara Eugenia, Sovereign of the Netherlands (1598-1621), born in Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain (d. 1633)
  • 1567-10-10 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain [Catalina Micaela de Austria], Duchess consort of Savoy (1585-97), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1567-11-01 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish diplomat, born in Astorga, Spain (d. 1626)

Piet HeynPiet Heyn (1577-1629)

1577-11-25 Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, born in Delfshaven, County of Holland

Philip IIIPhilip III (1578-1621)

1578-04-14 King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1579-08-01 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), born in Écija, Seville, Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1580-09-14 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish poet and writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1645)
  • 1583-11-24 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)
  • 1586-12-29 Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona, Spanish diplomat, soldier, and writer, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1635)
  • 1587-01-06 Gaspar de Guzman, Count of Olivares, Premier of Spain (1621-43), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1645)
  • 1587-12-25 Margarita of Austria, queen of Philip III of Spain (d. 1611)
  • 1589-02-05 Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
  • 1591-01-12 José Ribera/Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter and printmaker, nicknamed Lo Spagnoletto (d. 1652)
  • 1598-11-07 Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter, born in Fuente de Cantos, Spain (d. 1664)
  • 1599-03-22 Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish painter (Charles I of England), born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1641)
  • 1599-06-06 Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (Las Meninas), baptized in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1660)
  • 1600-01-17 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, born in Madrid (d. 1681)
  • 1601-01-08 Baltasar Gracián, Spanish writer, born in Belmonte de Calatayud (d. 1658)
  • 1601-03-19 Alonzo Cano, Spanish painter/sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1601-12-25 Jose Ximenez, Spanish composer, born in Zaragoza (d. 1672)
  • 1602-04-02 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, born in Agreda, Spain (d. 1665)
  • 1602-11-22 Elisabeth of France, Queen consort of Philip IV of Spain (1621-44), born in Palace of Fontainebleau, France (d. 1644)

Philip IVPhilip IV (1605-1665)

1605-04-08 King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65), born in Royal Palace of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

  • 1606-05-23 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • 1606-08-18 Maria Anna of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress and Queen of Hungary, born in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain (d. 1646)
  • 1607-10-04 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), born in Toledo (d. 1648)
  • 1609-05-16 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Catholic Church and military commander during the Thirty Years' War, born in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain (d. 1641)
  • 1611-06-22 Pablo Bruna, Spanish blind composer, born in Daroca, Spain (d. 1679)
  • 1613-11-06 Luis de Garay, Spanish composer, born in Villa de Veteta (d. 1673)
  • 1618-01-01 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque artist (The Vision of St. Anthony), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1682) [baptizism date]
  • 1621-09-05 Juan Andrés Coloma, Spanish noble, born in Elda, Spain (d. 1694)
  • 1624-12-22 Tomas Micieres, Spanish composer (d. 1662)
  • 1629-04-07 Juan Jose, of Austria, Spanish general/governor of Netherlands
  • 1630-03-24 José Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal, born in Logro, Old Castile (d. 1699)
  • 1634-11-30 Andres de Sola, Spanish composer, born in Tudela (d. 1696)
  • 1635-01-08 Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish cardinal archbishop, born in Palma del Río, Spain (d. 1709)

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain (1638-1683)

1638-09-10 Queen of Louis XIV of France, born in El Escorial, Spain

  • 1643-03-28 Jose Solana, Spanish composer and organist, born in Sieso, Huesca province (d. 1712)
  • 1644-09-06 Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles, Spanish organist and composer, born in Algemesí, Spain (d. 1712)
  • 1661-11-06 Charles II of Spain, last Habsburg King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1662-04-26 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, born in Palais-Royal, Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1689)

Famous Weddings

  • 1469-10-17 Crown prince Fernando of Aragon (17) marries heir Princess Isabella of Castile (18), will unite the two Spanish crowns (not officially one country till 1707-16)

Philip II of Spain

1554-07-25 Mary I of England (37) marries Prince Philip of Spain (27) (later Philip II) at Winchester Cathedral, England

  • 1560-01-31 Spanish King Philip II (10) marries Elisabeth of Valois (13), daughter of Henry II of France
  • 1599-04-18 Valencia arch duke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain

Leopold II

1764-08-05 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (17) weds queen Maria Luisa of Spain (18) in Innsbruck, Austria

Juan Carlos I

1962-05-14 Princess Sophia of Greece weds Don Juan Carlos of Spain

  • 1964-04-29 Princess Irene marries Spanish prince Carel Hugo de Bourbon Parma
  • 1995-03-18 Spanish princess Elena (31) weds Jaime de Marichalar y Saenez Tejada (31) at the Seville Cathedral in Seville, Spain
  • 1997-10-04 Infanta Cristina of Spain (32) weds retired handball player turned entrepreneur Iñaki Urdangarin (29) in Barcelona, Spain

Felipe VI

2004-05-22 Felipe (later Felipe VI), Prince of Asturias, of the Spanish Royal Family weds Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano at The Almudena Cathedral in Madrid, Spain

  • 2006-04-08 Spanish model and actress Ines Sastre (32) weds Alexandro Corrias at Brompton Oratory in South Kensington, London
  • 2006-04-08 Two-time Latin Grammy Award-winning Spanish gypsy singer Rosario Flores (42) weds "Kingdom of Heaven" first assistant director Pedro Lazaga on a small village Canos de Meca in Cadiz, Spain
  • 2006-05-19 "Liverpool" goalkeeper Pepe Reina (23) weds Yolanda Ruiz in Cordoba, Spain
  • 2006-06-10 Spanish singer Bertin Osborne (51) weds Venezuelan model Fabiola Martinez in Seville, Spain
  • 2006-07-22 Spanish singer David Bustamante (24) weds Spanish TV star Paula Echevarria at Basilica de Santa Maria la Real de Covadonga in the Asturias
  • 2007-04-14 Supermodel Esther Canadas (30) weds MotoGP rider Sete Gibernau (34) in Spain
  • 2007-04-30 "Timbiriche" pop singer Paulina Rubio (35) weds Spanish public relations executive Nicolas "Colate" Vallejo Najera in Cancun, Quintana Roo
  • 2010-06-05 "Bond girl" actress Gemma Arterton (24) weds Stefano Catelli (37) at a secret ceremony at the hilltop village of Zuheros in Andalucia, Spain
  • 2010-08-23 Spanish singer Julio Iglesias (66) weds Dutch model Miranda Rijnsburger (44) at Virgen del Carmen Church in Marbella, Spain

Chris Hemsworth

2010-12-28 "Thor" actor Chris Hemsworth (27) weds spanish actress Elsa Pataky (34) in Indonesia

  • 2012-05-23 Grammy-winning Spanish pop star Alejandro Sanz (43) weds longtime girlfriend Raquel Perera (37) in Barcelona
  • 2013-06-08 Celebrity chef Curtis Stone (37) weds actress Lindsay Price (36) at a private villa in Mallorca, Spain
  • 2014-06-14 Grammy Award-winning rapper Eve (35) weds entrepreneur Maximillion Cooper at Cala Jondal Beach in Ibiza, Spain
  • 2015-08-19 World-famous British pop-opera tenor Russell Watson (48) weds girlfriend Louise Harris in Spain
  • 2016-05-28 The daughter of the duke of Wellington Lady Charlotte Anne Wellesley weds financier Alejandro Santo Domingo (39) in Íllora, Spain

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 457

  • 0388-08-28 Magnus Maximus, Spanish West Roman Emperor (383-88), executed
  • 0395-01-17 Theodosius I, "the Great", Spanish-born Emperor of Rome, last emperor to rule the east and west empire, dies at 49
  • 0859-03-11 Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr
  • 1022-12-20 Elvira Mendes, wife of Alfonso V of Castile (b. 996)
  • 1064-08-15 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, dies at 69
  • 1065-12-27 Ferdinand I, the Great, king of Castile, dies
  • 1072-10-06 Sancho II, king of Castile (1065-72), brother of Alfonso VI, murdered at about 35
  • 1073-12-20 Domingo, Spanish monastery founder/abbot/saint, dies

El CidEl Cid (c. 1043-1099)

1099-07-10 Castilian nobleman and military leader and general strategist, dies at about 59

  • 1109-07-01 Alfonso VI, King of Castile and Leon (conquered Toledo) (b. c. 1040)
  • 1126-03-08 Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)
  • 1157-08-21 King Alfonso VII of Castile (b. 1104/1105)
  • 1158-08-31 Sancho III, King of Castile, dies
  • 1208-11-09 Sancha of Castile, wife of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)
  • 1214-10-06 Alfonso VIII the Noble, King of Castile and Toledo (1158-1214), dies at 58
  • 1230-09-24 Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia (1188-1230), dies at 59
  • 1246-11-08 Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
  • 1249-12-25 Peter Nolascus, Spanish monastery founder/St, dies

Ferdinand III of CastileFerdinand III of Castile (1199/1201-1252)

1252-05-30 King of Castile and Toledo (1217-52) and King of León and Galicia (1230-52) who greatly expanded the kingdom, dies at around 50-53

  • 1252-11-26 Blanche of Castile, Queen of Louis VIII of France, regent to son Louis IX, dies at 64
  • 1275-01-06 Raymundus of Penafort, Spanish church law scholar, dies
  • 1284-04-04 Alfonso X, 'the Wise' King of Castile & Leon (1252-84), dies at 62
  • 1290-11-28 Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I of England (b. 1241)
  • 1295-04-25 Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies
  • 1312-09-17 Ferdinand IV, King of Castile and León (1295-1312), dies at 26
  • 1315-06-29 Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
  • 1350-03-26 Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies
  • 1367-08-22 Egidius AC Albornor, Spanish archbishop of Toledo, dies at about 57

Peter the CruelPeter the Cruel (1334-1369)

1369-03-23 Spanish King of Castile and Leon (1350-69), murdered by his half-brother at 34

  • 1379-05-29 Henry II, King of Castile and León (1369-79), dies at 45
  • 1382-08-13 Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1390-10-09 John I of Castile, King of Castile and León (1379-90), dies after falling off his horse while riding in a fantasia at 32
  • 1399-02-03 John of Ghent, English prince, Duke of Lancaster, founder of the royal House of Lancaster, dies at 58
  • 1412-04-02 Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, Spanish traveler and writer (b. ????)
  • 1418-06-02 Katherine of Lancaster, wife of Henry III of Castile
  • 1419-04-05 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint, dies at 69
  • 1423-05-23 Benedict XIII [Pedro the Luna], Spanish Pope (1394-1423), dies
  • 1446-12-28 Clement VIII, (Sanchez Muñoz), Spanish anti-pope (1423-29), dies
  • 1454-07-20 Johan II, King of Castile, dies at 49
  • 1458-03-25 Inigo Lopez de Mendoza, Spanish marquis of Santillana/poet, dies
  • 1468-09-26 Juan de Torquemada, Spanish Catholic cardinal (b. 1388)
  • 1469-05-30 Lope de Barrientos, Spanish bishop
  • 1479-06-11 Johannes a San Facundo, Spanish Augustine saint, dies
  • 1495-01-11 Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman, dies at 66
  • 1503-08-18 Alexander VI [Rodrigo de Borja], Spanish Pope (1492-1503), dies

Isabella I of CastileIsabella I of Castile (1451-1504)

1504-11-26 Queen of Castile (1479-1504), patron of Christopher Columbus, who initiated the Spanish Inquisition with husband Ferdinand II of Aragon, dies at 53

Christopher ColumbusChristopher Columbus (1451-1506)

1506-05-20 Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the "New World" for Spain and initiated European colonization, dies around the age of 54

  • 1506-09-25 Felipe I, the handsome, King of Castile (Spain) (1504-06), dies
  • 1510-02-28 Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer
  • 1512-02-02 Hatüey, Taíno chief known as Cuba's First National Hero, is burned alive by Spanish colonialists
  • 1513-02-08 Alonso de Ojeda, Spanish explorer (Curacao & Bonaire), dies
  • 1515-12-02 Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies
  • 1519-01-21 Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)

Moctezuma IIMoctezuma II (c. 1466-1520)

1520-06-30 Aztec emperor (1502-20), killed either by the Spanish or stoned to death by his own people

  • 1521-04-22 Juan de Padilla, Spanish Roman Catholic missionary, killed at 52

Juan Ponce de LeónJuan Ponce de León (1460-1521)

1521-07-15 Spanish explorer and conquistador who searched for the fountain of youth and the first European to discover Florida, dies at 61

CuauhtémocCuauhtémoc (c. 1495-1525)

1525-02-28 the last Aztec Emperor (1520 - 1521), tortured and killed by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés

  • 1526-08-04 Juan Sebastian Cano, Spanish explorer, dies
  • 1527-01-21 Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)
  • 1527-07-28 Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador (founded city of Santa Marta), murdered by some of his men
  • 1528-04-01 Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer
  • 1529-08-30 Juan del Encina, Spanish author and composer, dies at 61
  • 1531-03-06 Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish conquistador

AtahualpaAtahualpa (c. 1502-1533)

1533-07-26 last Sapa Inca Emperor, garroted by order of Francisco Pizarro at about 52

  • 1536-10-14 Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet and diplomat, dies in battle (b. 1498-1503)

Diego de AlmagroDiego de Almagro (1475-1538)

1538-07-08 Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, executed at Las Salinas at about 63

  • 1539-05-01 Isabella of Portugal, Queen consort of Spain, Queen of the Romans, and Lady of the Netherlands (1526-39), and Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Italy (1530-39), dies at 35
  • 1540-05-06 Jean Luis Vives, Spanish theory/humanist/reformer, dies at 48
  • 1541-07-04 Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish occupier, dies at about 56
  • 1542-09-16 Diego de Almagro, Spanish captain-general of Peru, beheaded
  • 1542-09-21 Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet

Juan Rodríguez CabrilloJuan Rodríguez Cabrillo (1499-1543)

1543-01-03 Portuguese-Spanish conquistador who conquered Central America and later discovered California, dies of gangrene at around 43

  • 1545-07-12 Maria Manuela van Portugal, niece of Spanish King Philip II, dies
  • 1546-08-12 Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish theology/lawyer, dies

Hernán CortésHernán Cortés (1485-1547)

1547-12-02 Spanish conquistador (defeated the Aztec Empire and colonized large parts of Mexico), dies of pleurisy at 61 or 62

  • 1548-06-03 Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Catholic bishop of Mexico (b. 1468)
  • 1553-10-07 Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer, dies at about 53
  • 1553-10-27 Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian physician, burnt at stake for heresy at Champel near Geneva
  • 1554-01-01 Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador & first royal governor of Chile, dies at 56

Francisco Vázquez de CoronadoFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado (1510-1554)

1554-09-22 Spanish explorer and conquistador who led 1st European expedition to discover the Grand Canyon, dies of disease at about 44

  • 1555-04-12 Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75
  • 1555-09-08 Thomas of Villanova [Tomás García], Spanish saint, Archbishop of Valencia, Spain, and writer, dies at 67
  • 1556-07-31 Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit) religious order, dies in Rome at about 65
  • 1558-02-03 Alfonsus de Castro, Spanish theologist (council of Trente), dies

Charles VCharles V (1500-1558)

1558-09-21 King of Spain (1516-56) and Holy Roman Emperor (1519-56), dies of malaria at 58

  • 1560-09-30 Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • 1561-02-26 Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
  • 1561-10-27 Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
  • 1563-08-11 Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer, dies at about 63 [birthdate uncertain, circa 1500]
  • 1566-07-31 Bartholome de Casas, Spanish historian/bishop of Chiapa, dies at 92
  • 1568-06-05 Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman executed at 45
  • 1568-07-23 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1568-07-24 Prince Don Carlos of Spain (b. 1545)
  • 1568-10-03 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain, dies in childbirth at 23
  • 1569-05-10 Juan the Avila, Spanish minister/writer
  • 1572-08-20 Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador (b. 1502)
  • 1573-07-29 Ruy Gómez de Silva, Spanish prince of Eboli (advisor to Spanish King Philip II), dies at 56
  • 1574-09-17 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer who founded St. Augustine, Florida, dies at 55
  • 1575-03-24 Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)
  • 1578-03-31 Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered