The History of the Basque Country

Basque Country: Bilbao - San Sebastián

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0778-08-15 Battle of Roncevaux Pass: Roland, commander of the rearguard of Charlemagne's army is defeated by the Basques

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1933-11-05 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
  • 1937-04-26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1937-06-19 Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • 1937-08-24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1985-06-03 Massive anti-ETA demonstration in Basques
  • 1997-07-10 Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
  • 2006-03-22 ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire
  • 2009-07-30 A bomb explodes in Palma Nova, Mallorca, killing 2 police officers. Basque separatist group ETA is believed to be responsible.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1533-08-07 Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (d. 1595)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872-12-28 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1904-03-06 José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (d. 1960)
  • 1914-08-13 Luis Mariano, Basque operetta singer (d. 1970)
  • 1923-03-09 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, born in Pau, French Basque country (d. 2016)
  • 1942-09-12 Tomés Marco, Basque/Spanish composer
  • 1946-05-29 Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
  • 1957-05-15 Juan José Ibarretxe, Basque Lehendakari (Prime Minister)
  • 1979-01-19 Josu Sarriegi, Spanish/Basque footballer
  • 1981-01-21 Alex Ubago, Spanish-Basque singer-songwriter

Famous Deaths

  • 1556-07-31 Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus, dies in Rome at about 65
  • 1582-03-18 Jean Jaurequi, Basque attacker of William of Orange, killed by William's guards
  • 1595-11-29 Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (b. 1533)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956-10-30 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), dies at 83

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1960-03-22 José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (b. 1904)
  • 1994-07-17 Jean Borotra, [Flying Basque], Fr tennis star (Davis Cup), dies at 95
  • 2008-12-01 Mikel Laboa, Basque singer and songwriter (b. 1934)