History of Catalonia

Catalonia: Barcelona

Historical Events

  • 1311-03-15 Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
  • 1917-08-13 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • 1931-08-02 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • 1932-09-09 Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
  • 2005-09-30 The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, "Catalonia is a nation".
  • 2014-11-11 The people of Catalonia in north-eastern Spain vote in a disputed and non-binding poll on independence
  • 2015-09-27 "Junts per Si" pro-independence alliance win parliamentary majority in Catalonia

Electoral defeatImportant Vote

2017-09-06 Catalonia's parliament passes law to allow referendum on independence from Spain

President of Catalonia Carles Puigdemont
President of Catalonia
Carles Puigdemont
  • 2017-09-11 One million march on this state's national day in Barcelona in support of independence for Catalonia
  • 2017-10-01 Amid a deepening constitutional crisis, Catalonia holds an independence referendum on seceding from Spain
  • 2017-10-03 King Felipe of Spain speaks out against the Catalan referendum saying organizers have "broken the rule of law"
  • 2017-10-05 Spanish constitutional court suspends Catalan parliament to prevent declaration of independence
  • 2017-10-14 Spanish government says it will impose direct rule on Catalonia after the region voted for independence in a referendum
  • 2017-10-21 Spanish government suspends Catalonia's autonomy in the face of a deepening political crisis over the region's push for independence
  • 2017-10-27 Catalan parliament meets and unilaterally declares independence from Spain
  • 2017-10-28 Spain's central government imposes direct rule on Catalonia, dismisses its government and calls for new elections in December
  • 2019-02-12 Trial of 12 Catalonia independence leaders begins in Madrid
  • 2019-10-14 Spain's Supreme Court jails nine Catalan separatist leaders for sedition for 2017 independence referendum, prompting violent clashes in Barcelona

Famous Birthdays

  • 1618-09-09 Joan Cererols, Catalan musician, composer and monk, born in Martorell (d. 1680)
  • 1729-12-03 Antonio Soler, Spanish Catalan composer (Fandango), born in Olot, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1783)
  • 1789-10-24 Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, Spanish composer, born in Tàrrega, Catalonia (d. 1855)
  • 1809-11-26 Marià Obiols, Catalan composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1888)
  • 1814-05-30 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1894)
  • 1824-09-08 Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (Mexican national anthem), born in Sant Joan de les Abadesses, Catalonia (d. 1908)

Person of interestAntoni Gaudi

1852-06-25 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), born in Reus, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1926)

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Architect
Antoni Gaudi
  • 1854-06-19 Alfredo Catalani, Italian operatic composer, born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1893)
  • 1876-12-29 Pablo Casals [Pau Casals i Defilló], Spanish cellist, conductor and composer, born in Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1973)
  • 1877-11-22 Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona, born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1930)
  • 1882-06-21 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • 1886-10-04 Luis Alberni, Spanish character actor (The Lady Eve, Topaze), born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1962)
  • 1888-06-18 Margarita Xirgu, Catalan stage actress, director and political radical (Bloody Wedding, Mariana Pineda), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1969)
  • 1892-02-04 Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
  • 1896-09-25 Roberto Gerhard, Spanish Catalan composer, born in Valls, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1970)
  • 1900-01-01 Xavier Cugat, Spanish American bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo), born in Girona, Catalonia (d. 1990)
  • 1906-06-21 Lluís Maria Millet, Catalan composer, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1990)
  • 1908-10-10 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1922-11-25 Gloria Lasso, French-Spanish singer (Le tour de chant de Gloria Lasso), born in Vilafranca del Penedès, Catalonia (d. 2005)
  • 1924-01-14 Guy Williams [Armando Joseph Catalano], American actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), born in NYC, New York (d. 1989)
  • 1926-11-18 Estanislao Basora, Spanish footballer (The Monster of Colombes, 22 caps for Spain, 301 matches for Barcelona), born in Barcelona, Catalonia (d. 2012)
  • 1933-03-28 Tete Montoliu, Catalonian jazz pianist, born in Barcelona (d. 1997)
  • 1943-11-05 Pablo Gomez, Spanish rock drummer (Los Bravos), born in Barcelona, Catalonia
  • 1947-01-13 Carles Rexach, former Spanish-Catalan footballer and coach
  • 1949-06-29 Joan Clos, Spanish politician (116th Mayor of Barcelona & Minister of Industry), born in Parets del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain

Person of interestCarles Puigdemont

1962-12-29 Carles Puigdemont [i Casamajó], Catalan politician and nationalist (President of Catalonia, 2016-17), born in Amer, Catalonia, Spain

President of Catalonia Carles Puigdemont
President of Catalonia
Carles Puigdemont
  • 1970-06-06 Albert Ferrer, Spanish soccer defender, coach (Spain 36 caps, FC Barcelona, Chelsea), born in Barcelona, Catalonia
  • 1974-05-29 Marc Gené, Spanish auto racer (Ferrari, Williams F1, Le Mans 2009), born in Sabadell, Catalonia
  • 1975-08-02 Ingrid Rubio, Spanish actress (Infidels), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1979-10-29 Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
  • 1981-12-23 Beth [Elisabeth Rodergas Cols], Spanish singer and actress, born in Súria, Catalonia

Famous Deaths

  • 1459-03-03 Ausiàs March, Catalan poet of Valencian literature, dies at 59
  • 1626-05-17 Juan Pujol, Catalan composer, dies at 56
  • 1676-08-28 Joan Cererols, Catalan musician, composer and monk, dies at 57
  • 1783-12-20 Antonio Soler, Spanish Catalan composer (Fandango), dies at 54
  • 1888-12-10 Marià Obiols, Catalan composer, dies at 79
  • 1893-08-07 Alfredo Catalani, Italian operatic composer, dies at 39
  • 1894-02-14 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), dies at 79
  • 1902-06-10 Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)

Person of interestAntoni Gaudi

1926-06-10 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), dies after being hit by a tram at 73

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Architect
Antoni Gaudi
  • 1930-07-30 Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona, dies at 52
  • 1933-12-25 Francesc Macià, Catalonian statesman (b. 1859)
  • 1940-10-11 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), shot at 58
  • 1950-05-09 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist and engineer, dies at 66
  • 1969-04-25 Margarita Xirgu, Catalan stage actress, director and political radical (Bloody Wedding, Mariana Pineda), dies at 80
  • 1970-01-05 Roberto Gerhard, Spanish Catalan composer, dies at 73
  • 1983-04-13 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), dies at 74
  • 1989-04-30 Guy Williams [Armando Joseph Catalano], American actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), dies of a brain aneurysm at 65
  • 2004-09-02 Joan Oró, Catalan scientist (b. 1923)