Madrid in History

Historical Events

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1526-01-14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • 1579-07-28 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1584-09-15 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1605-01-06 The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.

  • 1632-07-22 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro Palace for King Philip IV
  • 1635-05-28 Zorilla's "El Desafio de Carlos V" premieres in Madrid
  • 1637-02-02 Zorilla's "El más Impropio Verdugo Para Las" premieres in Madrid
  • 1643-04-27 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid
  • 1721-03-27 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1721-06-13 England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • 1738-04-18 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid
  • 1808-05-02 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 1808-05-03 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill
  • 1809-01-01 Holland Brigade under Brigadier-General David Hendrik Chassé reaches Madrid (Napoleonic Wars)
  • 1812-08-12 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
  • 1840-03-14 Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid
  • 1844-03-28 Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio" premieres in Madrid
  • 1895-03-26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1906-01-25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • 1906-05-31 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • 1910-10-23 Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens with 200 chambers and 100 bathtubs
  • 1915-04-15 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo" premieres in Madrid
  • 1917-02-16 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
  • 1917-04-07 De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" premieres in Madrid
  • 1921-03-08 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1923-01-29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1927-03-22 Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio" premieres in Madrid
  • 1929-03-17 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
  • 1930-12-24 F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid
  • 1934-12-29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • 1935-10-20 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1936-11-07 Battle of Madrid begins
  • 1936-11-16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • 1937-08-06 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-03-28 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1956-06-13 1st European Cup: Real Madrid beats Stade Reims 4-3 at Paris
  • 1957-05-30 2nd European Cup: Real Madrid beats Fiorentina 2-0 at Madrid
  • 1958-05-28 3rd European Cup: Real Madrid beats Milan 3-2 at Brussels
  • 1959-06-03 4th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Stade Reims 2-0 at Stuttgart
  • 1960-05-18 5th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Frankfurt 7-3 at Glasgow
  • 1962-05-02 7th European Cup: Benfica beats Real Madrid 5-3 at Amsterdam
  • 1962-09-05 Atletico Madrid of Spain win 2nd European Cup Winner's Cup against ACF Fiorentina of Italy 3-0 in Stuttgart (replay)
  • 1963-05-15 Tottenham Hotspur of England win 3rd European Cup winner's Cup against Atlético Madrid of Spain 5-1 at Rotterdam
  • 1964-05-27 9th European Cup: Internazionale beats Real Madrid 3-1 at Vienna
  • 1964-06-21 UEFA European Championship Final: Marcelino scores the winner as Spain beats Soviet Union 2-1 in Madrid
  • 1966-05-11 11th European Cup: Real Madrid beats Partizan 2-1 at Brussels
  • 1969-03-29 14th Eurovision Song Contest: Salome for Spain ("Vivo cantando"), Lulu of United Kingdom ("Boom Bang-a-Bang"), Lenny Kuhr of Netherlands ("De troubadour"), and Frida Boccara of France ("Un jour, un enfant") all win in Madrid
  • 1969-05-28 13th European Cup: Milan beats Ajax 4-1 at Madrid
  • 1971-05-21 Chelsea win 11th European Cup Winner's Cup against Real Madrid 2-1 in Athens (replay)
  • 1974-05-17 18th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Atletico Madrid 4-0 at Brussels
  • 1977-01-24 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid: Five labor lawyers murdered by fascists in Madrid during the Spanish transition to democracy

  • 1980-05-28 24th European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Hamburg 1-0 at Madrid
  • 1981-05-27 25th European Cup: Liverpool beats Real Madrid 1-0 at Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981-10-24 Pablo Picasso's 1937 painting Guernica goes on display in Madrid Spain to celebrate the centenary of the artist's birth

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 1982-07-11 FIFA World Cup: Italy beats West Germany 3-1 for football's 12th World Cup in Madrid
  • 1983-05-11 Aberdeen of Scotland win 23rd European Cup Winner's Cup against Real Madrid of Spain 2-1 in Gothenburg
  • 1983-11-27 Colombian jetliner Boeing 747 crashes in Madrid killing 181
  • 1983-12-07 2 jets collided at Madrid Airport killing 93
  • 1983-12-17 Disco in Madrid catches fire; 83 die
  • 1986-04-23 Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60m indoor (7 sec)
  • 1986-04-25 ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5
  • 1986-07-14 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
  • 1988-10-21 Boston Celtics beat Yugoslavia 113-85 in Madrid
  • 1988-10-23 Boston Celtics play Spain in Madrid
  • 1991-10-30 Mid East peace conference begins in Madrid Spain
  • 1991-10-31 Palestinians attend US mideast peace talks in Madrid
  • 1991-11-04 Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain
  • 1991-12-21 95 share in Madrid Spain $1.3 billion lottery (#47996)
  • 1992-09-16 "Les Miserables" opens at Nuevo Apolo, Madrid
  • 1998-05-20 6th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Juventus 1-0 at Amsterdam
  • 1999-12-21 The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.
  • 2000-05-24 8th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Valencia 3-0 at Saint-Denis
  • 2002-05-15 10th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Bayer Leverkusen 2-1 at Glasgow
  • 2003-12-24 Spanish police thwart an attempt by ETA to detonate 50 kg of explosives at 3:55 p.m. inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Station.
  • 2004-03-11 Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
  • 2004-04-02 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
  • 2004-04-03 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves
  • 2006-12-30 Madrid Barajas International Airport is bombed.
  • 2008-08-20 Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. 146 people are killed in the crash, 8 more die afterwards. Only 18 people survive.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009-03-07 Despite only being 17 years old, Brazilian soccer star Neymar makes his professional debut for Santos

Footballer Neymar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009-08-29 Cristiano Ronaldo makes his debut for Real Madrid, scoring a penalty in their 3-2 win over Deportivo La Coruña

Football Star Cristiano Ronaldo
Football Star
Cristiano Ronaldo
  • 2010-05-22 18th UEFA Champions League Final: Internazionale beats Bayern Munich 2-0 at Madrid
  • 2011-08-16 World Youth Day 2011, organised by the Catholic church, begins in Madrid
  • 2012-10-27 Thousands demonstrate in Madrid against proposed budget cuts
  • 2013-09-01 Gareth Bale is transferred to Real Madrid for a sum of €100.8 million, a new record for a transfer fee
  • 2014-01-29 Cristiano Ronaldo becomes the 1st non-Spanish player to captain Real Madrid, making his 500th appearance for the club
  • 2014-04-16 Real Madrid defeat Barcelona to win its 19th Copa del Rey trophy
  • 2014-05-17 Atlético Madrid win the 2013–14 La Liga
  • 2014-05-24 22nd UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Atletico Madrid 4-1 at Lisbon
  • 2015-01-12 Cristiano Ronaldo of Real Madrid C.F. wins the FIFA Ballon d'Or for the best player of the year
  • 2017-09-17 Wanda Metropolitano stadium, new home of football team Atlético Madrid hosts its 1st match (against Malaga) in Madrid, Spain
  • 2017-12-17 Brazilian footballer and former AC Milan and Real Madrid player Kaka retires
  • 2018-05-10 Rafael Nadal breaks John McEnroe's record for successive set wins on a single surface (49 on carpet) with 6-3, 6-4 win over Diego Schwartzman at the Madrid Open (clay)

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestCatherine of Aragon

1485-12-16 Catherine of Aragon, Spanish princess/1st wife of Henry VIII, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1536)

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon
  • 1562-11-25 Lope Felix de Vega, dramatist/poet (Angelica, Arcadia), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1567-10-10 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain [Catalina Micaela de Austria], Duchess consort of Savoy (1585-97), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1600-01-17 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, born in Madrid (d. 1681)
  • 1606-05-23 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1682)
  • 1661-11-06 Charles II of Spain, last Habsburg king of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1772-04-11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author and poet (El Duque de Viseo), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1857)
  • 1832-01-30 Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1897)
  • 1832-04-19 José Echegaray, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1904), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1843-01-20 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1843-02-19 Adelina Patti, opera soprano (Lucio), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1846-05-05 Federico Chueca, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1908)
  • 1886-02-28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • 1887-09-26 Antonio Moreno, Spanish actor and director (It, Careers), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1967)
  • 1891-11-27 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1894-11-09 Mae Marsh, American silent film actress (Birth of a Nation), born in Madrid, New Mexico Territory (d. 1968)
  • 1898-09-12 Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1963)
  • 1903-04-24 Jose A Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (founder of Spanish Falange), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1903-12-13 Carlos Montoya, guitarist (Suite Flamenco 1966), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1922-03-11 José Luis López Vázquez, Spanish actor, director and comedian (La Cabina, Travels With My Aunt), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2009)
  • 1926-03-28 Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, born in Madrid (d. 2014)
  • 1926-11-09 Luis Miguel Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1996)
  • 1928-03-16 Ramon Barce, Spanish composer, born in Madrid (d. 2008)
  • 1928-11-11 Gracita Morales, Spanish actress (Operation Mata Hari), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1995)
  • 1937-11-19 José Molina [Quijada], Spanish-born American flamenco dancer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2018)
  • 1938-07-28 Luis Aragonés, Spanish football manager, born in Hortaleza, Madrid (d. 2014)
  • 1940-04-20 Pilar Miró, Spanish screenwriter and director (Wether, Beltenebros), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1997)
  • 1941-01-21 Placido Domingo, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Mme Butterfly), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1955-10-03 Ángela Molina, Spanish actress (Lola, Streets of Gold, Half of Heaven), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1957-11-12 Marta Figueras-Dotti, LPGA golfer (1994 Hawaiian Open), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1958-05-30 Michael E Lopez-Alegria, Lt Cmdr/astro (STS 73, sk 92), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1959-07-04 Victoria Abril, [Victoria Rojas], actress (Libertarias), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-05-07 Almudena Grandes, Spanish novelist (Las edades de Lulú), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-03-14 Pedro Duque, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-09-30 Cristina Marsillach, actress (Barocco), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-01-21 Tania Abitbol, LPGA golfer (1994 US Women's Open-4th), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-05-23 Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo, Real Madrid footballer
  • 1965-05-29 Emilio Sanchez, Tennis player (1988 Olympic bronze), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1966-09-05 Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director, born in Madrid, Spain

Person of interestFelipe VI

1968-01-30 Felipe VI [Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia], King of Spain (2014-), born in Madrid, Spain

King of Spain Felipe VI
King of Spain
Felipe VI
  • 1971-09-03 Chabeli Iglesias, daughter of Julio Iglesias, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1973-09-21 Virginia Ruano-Pascual, tennis star, born in Madrid, Spain

Person of interestPenélope Cruz

1974-04-28 Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress (Vanilla Sky, Waking Up in Reno), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1975-05-02 David Beckham, English soccer midfielder (England 115 caps, Man U, Real Madrid), born in London, England

Person of interestEnrique Iglesias

1975-05-08 Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer-songwriter and King of Latin Pop (Bailamos, Hero), born in Madrid, Spain

King of Latin Pop Enrique Iglesias
King of Latin Pop
Enrique Iglesias
  • 1975-07-28 Leonor Watling, Spanish actress and singer, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1976-04-01 Clarence Seedorf, Surinam/Dutch soccer player (Ajax, Real Madrid)
  • 1985-04-04 Rudy Fernández, Spanish basketball player (Real Madrid), born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  • 1987-12-19 Karim Benzema, French football player (Real Madrid, French national team), born in Lyon, France
  • 1988-05-12 Marcelo [Vieira da Silva Júnior], Brazilian football player (Real Madrid, Brazil national team), born in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1989-07-16 Gareth Bale, Welsh footballer (Real Madrid, Welsh national team), born in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1989-08-15 Belinda [Belinda Peregrín Schüll], Mexican singer, songwriter and actress, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1990-01-04 Toni Kroos, German football player (Real Madrid, German national team), born in Greifswald, East Germany
  • 1991-03-21 Antoine Griezmann, French football player (Atlético Madrid, French national team), born in Mâcon, France
  • 1991-07-12 James Rodríguez, Colombian footballer (Bayern Munich, Real Madrid, Colombia national team), born in Cúcuta, Colombia
  • 1998-12-17 Martin Odegaard, Norwegian footballer, youngest to play for Real Madrid, born in Drammen, Norway
  • 2005-10-31 Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, King of Asturias and Letizia, Queen of Asturias, born in Madrid, Spain

Famous Weddings

  • 2004-05-22 Felipe, Prince of Asturias, of the Spanish Royal Family weds Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano at The Almudena Cathedral in Madrid, Spain
  • 2005-06-24 "Real Madrid" football striker Michael Owen (25) weds Louise Bonsall at Carden Park Hotel in Chester, England

Famous Deaths

  • 1906-05-31 King Alfonso XIII, assassinated in Madrid
  • 1906-05-31 Victoria von Battenberg, assassinated in Madrid
  • 1924-05-29 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid/London), dies
  • 1936-12-20 Baron De Borchgrave, Belgian ambassador, murdered in Madrid
  • 1992-04-01 Juanito, soccer star (Madrid Real 1977-87), dies at 37 in car crash