Spanish History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 853

  • 1555-10-21 English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king
  • 1556-01-16 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 1556-03-28 Karel V's son Philip II crowned King of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556-09-13 Charles V & Maria of Hungary march into Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1556-09-15 Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1556-10-17 Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
  • 1557-08-10 Battle of St Quentin in Picardy: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont and Philibert, Duke of Savoy (Spanish Empire) beat the Duke of Montmorency (France)
  • 1558-03-05 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spanish physician Francisco Fernandes
  • 1558-07-13 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines
  • 1558-08-24 Battle of Gravelines: English fleet beats Spanish
  • 1558-12-29 Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, buried in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
  • 1559-04-03 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1559-08-14 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla
  • 1559-08-22 Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza arrested as heretic
  • 1559-09-19 Five Spanish ships sink in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
  • 1560-03-13 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1560-09-25 Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg as 1st archbishop of Utrecht

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain
  • 1561-09-23 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida
  • 1564-08-18 Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente
  • 1565-04-27 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • 1565-09-20 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida & massacre the French
  • 1566-12-01 Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva
  • 1567-03-13 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1568-05-23 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • 1568-05-23 The Netherlands declares independence from Spain
  • 1568-07-10 Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1570-01-04 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
  • 1570-04-24 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1571-03-19 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1571-05-20 Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
  • 1572-04-01 Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
  • 1572-04-21 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1572-06-11 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • 1572-07-19 Battle at Saint Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
  • 1572-10-02 Spanish army occupies, plunders and destroys Mechelen
  • 1572-10-05 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen

  • 1572-10-18 Spanish troops attack Maastricht
  • 1572-11-16 Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Netherlands
  • 1572-12-11 Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem
  • 1572-12-13 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey
  • 1572-12-17 Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands
  • 1573-07-13 Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1573-08-07 Francis Drake's fleet returns to Plymouth after a year spent raiding for Spanish treasure

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1573-08-21 Spain begin siege of Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 1573-10-09 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1573-10-11 Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1574-01-29 Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1574-02-19 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1574-02-21 Spanish garrison of Middelburg, Netherlands, surrenders
  • 1574-10-01 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • 1575-06-28 Spanish troops conquer Buren
  • 1575-07-19 Spanish viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater
  • 1575-08-07 Spanish troops conquer Oudewater, almost all inhabitants died
  • 1576-05-29 Spanish army under Cristóbal de Mondragón conquers Zierik sea
  • 1576-07-02 Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1576-07-26 Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst

  • 1576-10-19 Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence
  • 1576-10-20 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1576-11-04 Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp
  • 1576-11-08 Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - 17 Dutch provinces sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1577-02-12 Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • 1577-07-24 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1578-01-31 Battle of Gembloux (Gembloers); Spanish forces win decisive victor over coalition rebel forces
  • 1578-08-02 Battle of Rijmenam: Spanish Habsburg forces defeated by Dutch troops (Eighty Years' War)
  • 1579-01-06 Northern Hasburg Netherlands counties of Artois and Hainault and city Dowaai sign pro-Spanish and pro-Roman Catholic Union of Arras (Unie van Atrecht)
  • 1579-05-17 Artois, Henegouwen and French-Flanders sign Treaty, the Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • 1579-07-29 Spanish King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli
  • 1580-03-15 Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince William of Orange
  • 1580-06-15 Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.
  • 1580-06-17 Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • 1580-08-25 Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal
  • 1580-11-09 Spanish troops land in Ireland
  • 1582-04-16 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta in Argentina

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582-10-04 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 10 days are skipped and the next date is Oct 15.

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1582-12-15 Spanish Netherlands, Denmark and Norway adopt the Gregorian calendar
  • 1583-07-17 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk

  • 1584-07-10 Spanish army leader Richebourg conquers Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1585-01-02 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1585-05-19 Spain confiscates English ships
  • 1585-06-23 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1586-01-15 Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1586-09-22 Battle at Zutphen: Dutch army, assisted by the English, against the Spanish
  • 1587-01-29 Deventer and Zutphen surrender to Spain
  • 1587-04-29 Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet ("singeing the King of Spain's beard")
  • 1588-05-28 Spanish Armada under the Duke of Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England
  • 1588-06-19 Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna
  • 1588-07-21 First engagement between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada off the Eddystone Rocks
  • 1588-07-29 The Battle of Gravelines - Spanish Armada damaged and scattered by the English fleet
  • 1588-08-12 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1588-08-12 Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
  • 1588-10-23 Remnants of Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander
  • 1589-04-10 Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
  • 1591-05-30 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrender to Dutch and English forces under Maurice of Nassau
  • 1591-09-09 -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
  • 1593-10-24 Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico
  • 1594-06-11 Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paves way to the creation of the Principalía (i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines)

BattleDeclaration of War

1595-01-17 King Henry IV of France declares war on Spain

  • 1595-10-09 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1596-05-26 England, France & Netherlands sign Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • 1596-09-20 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 788

  • 1643-03-28 Jose Solana, Spanish composer and organist, born in Sieso, Huesca province (d. 1712)
  • 1644-09-06 Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles, Spanish organist and composer, born in Algemesí, Spain (d. 1712)
  • 1661-11-06 Charles II of Spain, last Habsburg king of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1662-04-26 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, born in Palais-Royal, Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1689)
  • 1664-05-30 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish-Italian minister and cardinal, born in Piacenza, duchy of Parma (d. 1752)
  • 1667-10-28 Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain, born in Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate (d. 1740)
  • 1669-02-01 Miguel Lopez, Spanish composer and organist, born in Villarroya de la Sierra, Aragon, Spain (d. 1723)
  • 1676-10-08 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, born in Casdemiro, Spain (d. 1764)
  • 1683-12-19 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), born in Versailles, France (d. 1746)
  • 1688-09-17 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Savoy (d. 1714)
  • 1689-08-21 José Pradas Gallén, Spanish composer, born in Villahermosa del Río, Spain (d. 1757)
  • 1690-10-08 Jaime de Casellas, Spanish composer, born in Valls, Spain (d. 1764)
  • 1692-10-25 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), born in Palazzo della Pilotta, Parma (d. 1766)
  • 1700-05-19 José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
  • 1701-02-14 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1773)
  • 1703-03-24 Jose F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
  • 1709-12-11 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Queen consort of Spain, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1742)
  • 1710-04-15 Marie-Anne de Cupis de Camargo, French dancer, born in Brussels, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1770)
  • 1711-12-04 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain, born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1758)
  • 1712-09-23 Ferdinand VI, the wise, King of Spain (1746-59)
  • 1713-02-13 Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas, Spanish composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1751)

Person of interestJunípero Serra

1713-11-24 Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary priest who founded the 1st missions in California, born in Petra, Majorca (d. 1784)

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
  • 1716-01-12 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general (d. 1795)
  • 1716-01-20 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) and King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1717-03-26 Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, Spanish theorist and composer, born in Las Herencias, Toledo, Spain (d. 1779)
  • 1723-07-01 Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes y Pérez, 1st Count of Campomanes, Spanish economist and literary, born in Tineo, Asturias, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1803)
  • 1724-11-24 Maria Amalia of Saxony, queen of Spain (d. 1760)
  • 1729-11-17 Maria Antonietta of Spain, queen of Sardinia (d. 1785)
  • 1729-12-03 Antonio Soler, Spanish Catalan composer (Fandango), born in Olot, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1783)
  • 1736-05-24 Juan de Sesé y Balaguer, Aragonese composer, born in Calanda, Aragon, Spain (d. 1801)
  • 1745-11-24 Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Palace of San Ildefonso, Segovia, Spain (d. 1792)
  • 1746-03-30 Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)
  • 1746-07-25 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)
  • 1748-11-11 Carlos IV (English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), born in Portici, Italy (d. 1819)
  • 1750-09-18 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), born in La Orotava, Tenerife, Canary Islands of Spain (d. 1791)
  • 1751-12-09 Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Charles IV of Spain, born in Parma (d. 1819)
  • 1753-05-08 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, father of Mexican independence, born in Pénjamo, Guanajuato, Viceroyalty of New Spain (d. 1811)
  • 1754-05-02 Vicente Martín y Soler, Valencian composer, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1806)
  • 1758-02-01 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), born in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife (d. 1824)
  • 1767-05-12 Manuel de Godoy 'Prince of the Peace', Spanish statesman, 1st Secretary of State of Spain, born in Badajoz, Spain (d. 1851)
  • 1772-04-11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author and poet (El Duque de Viseo), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1857)
  • 1775-01-27 Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, Spanish tenor/composer
  • 1775-09-05 Juan Martín Díez, El Empecinado (The Undaunted), Spanish guerrillero, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1825)
  • 1777-09-20 Ramón Cuéllar y Altarriba, Spanish composer, born in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1777-12-14 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos the mayo), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1853)
  • 1778-02-14 Fernando Sor, Spanish composer, baptized in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1839)

Person of interestJosé de San Martín

1778-02-25 José de San Martín, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina (d. 1850)

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1778-08-20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)

Person of interestSimón Bolívar

1783-07-24 Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan political and military leader (freed 6 Latin American republics from Spanish rule), born in Caracas (d. 1830)

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1784-10-14 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1786-11-07 Francisco Andrevi y Castellar, Spanish choirmaster and composer, born in Sanaüja, Spain (d. 1853)
  • 1788-02-16 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • 1789-07-06 María Isabella of Spain, Queen of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1848)
  • 1789-10-24 Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, Spanish composer, born in Tàrrega, Catalonia (d. 1855)
  • 1791-07-09 Nicolás Ledesma, Spanish organist and composer, born in Grisel, Spain (d. 1883)
  • 1792-02-27 Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
  • 1796-12-19 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright
  • 1797-05-19 Maria Isabel of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1818)
  • 1802-08-02 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st archbishop of Westminster (1860-65), born in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1865)
  • 1803-12-07 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Saxony (d. 1829)
  • 1806-01-27 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
  • 1806-04-27 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1878)
  • 1808-03-24 Maria Malibran, Spanish-French singer (d. 1836)
  • 1808-03-25 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary and poet (Cortes)
  • 1809-01-20 Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish-Basque composer (La Paloma), born in Lanciego, Álav, Spain (d. 1865)
  • 1815-12-31 George Gordon Meade, Spanish-American Major General (Union Army), born in Cádiz, Spain (d. 1872)
  • 1817-02-21 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Vallodolid Spain, poet/dramatist (El rey Loco)
  • 1817-03-28 Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, Spanish composer, born in Murcia, Spain (d. 1880)
  • 1817-04-19 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1817-09-24 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Doloras), born in Navia, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1818-05-01 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1822-05-13 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
  • 1824-09-08 Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (Mexican national anthem), born in Sant Joan de les Abadesses, Catalonia (d. 1908)
  • 1826-05-05 Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France (1853-71), born in Granada, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1828-08-02 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, born in Cadiz, Spain (d. 1895)
  • 1829-12-24 José Rogel, Spanish composer, born in Orihuela, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1830-10-10 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1831-01-18 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • 1832-01-30 Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1897)
  • 1832-04-19 José Echegaray, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1904), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1833-02-06 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist, born in Polanco, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1835-03-14 Manuel Fernandez Caballero, Spanish composer, born in Murcia, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1836-02-17 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • 1841-07-24 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, born in Rome (d. 1920)
  • 1843-02-19 Adelina Patti, opera soprano (Lucio), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1843-05-10 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), born in Las Palmas, Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1844-03-10 Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (Spanish Dancer), born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1908)
  • 1845-04-05 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1845-05-30 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1890)
  • 1846-05-05 Federico Chueca, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1908)
  • 1846-08-19 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, born in Melgar de Fernamental, Burgos, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1846-11-02 Antonio Peña y Goñi, Spanish composer, born in San Sebastián, Spain (d. 1896)
  • 1847-08-09 Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen consort of Spain (1870-73), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1848-09-05 Manuel Giro, Spanish composer, born in Lérida, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1850-03-13 Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, Spanish composer, born in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain (d. 1939)
  • 1850-12-29 Tomás Bretón, Spanish conductor and composer, born in Salamanca, Spain (d. 1923)
  • 1851-03-27 Ruperto Chapi, Spanish composer, born in Villena, Spain (d. 1909)
  • 1851-04-25 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1851-09-16 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), born in La Coruña, Spain (d. 1921)
  • 1852-05-01 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), born in Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain (d. 1934)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 460

  • 1578-03-31 Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered
  • 1578-10-01 Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader, dies at 31
  • 1579-12-21 Vicente Masip, Spanish painter
  • 1580-04-01 Alonso Mudarra, Spanish composer
  • 1580-07-25 Baltazar Alvarez, Spanish jesuit/writer, dies at 47
  • 1580-11-03 Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
  • 1582-10-04 Theresia van Avila, Spanish mystic writer, dies
  • 1585-02-13 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, dies at 69
  • 1585-04-04 Caspar de Robles, Spanish viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57
  • 1585-11-28 Hernando Franco, Spanish composer (b. 1532)
  • 1586-09-21 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1588-02-09 Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral, dies
  • 1588-08-08 Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter
  • 1591-08-23 Luis de Leon, Spanish scholar and poet, dies at 64
  • 1591-12-14 St. John of the Cross [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite friar, poet and saint, dies at 49

Person of interestThomas Kyd

1594-07-16 Thomas Kyd, English dramatist (The Spanish Tragedy), dies at 35

Dramatist and Playwright Thomas Kyd
Dramatist and Playwright
Thomas Kyd
  • 1594-11-22 Martin Frobisher, English privateer, explorer (Canada) and later vice-admiral who helped defeat the Spanish Armada, dies aged between 55 and 59
  • 1595-02-12 Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
  • 1597-06-09 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit and missionary to Brazil (founder of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) dies at 63
  • 1597-11-06 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain [Catalina Micaela de Austria], Duchess consort of Savoy (1585-97), dies at 30
  • 1598-09-13 Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98), dies at 71
  • 1599-11-08 Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528)
  • 1600-02-15 Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
  • 1600-10-12 Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest (De liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis), dies at 65
  • 1604-08-03 Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish military commander
  • 1607-04-25 Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1608-10-26 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, Spanish royal painter, dies
  • 1610-05-19 Thomas Sanchez, Spanish theologian (b. 1550)
  • 1610-08-05 Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • 1611-08-27 Tomés L de Victoria, Spanish composer/singer/organist, dies
  • 1614-04-07 El Greco, Greek-born artist working in Spain (b. 1541)

Person of interestMiguel de Cervantes

1616-04-22 Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra, Spanish author (Don Quixote), dies of a cirrhosis at 68

  • 1617-04-05 Alonso Lobo, Spanish composer (Versa est in luctum), dies at 62
  • 1617-09-25 Francisco Suarez, Spanish Jesuit theologian (b. 1548)
  • 1621-03-31 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), dies at 42
  • 1622-05-03 Pedro Páez, Spanish Jesuit missionary (b. 1564)
  • 1624-02-17 Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
  • 1625-03-29 Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
  • 1625-05-18 Francisco Gomez de Sandoval y Rojas, Spanish marquis of Denia, dies at 72
  • 1626-10-02 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish diplomat, dies at 58
  • 1627-05-23 Luis de Gongora, Spanish poet and writer, dies at 65

Person of interestPiet Heyn

1629-06-18 Piet Heyn, Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, shot by cannonball during a skirmish with privateers at 51

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1630-09-25 Ambrogio Spinola, Spanish marquis of Balbases, dies at about 61
  • 1631-07-28 Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
  • 1635-08-17 Francisco de Moncada, Spanish earl of Osuna, dies at 48
  • 1638-01-27 Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • 1639-08-04 Juan R Alarcon y Mendoza, Mexican/Spanish playwright, dies at 58
  • 1641-01-11 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (b. 1583)
  • 1641-11-09 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Catholic Church and military commander during the Thirty Years' War, dies at 32
  • 1644-11-10 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), dies at 65
  • 1645-07-22 Gaspar de Guzman, premier of Spain (1621-43), dies at 58
  • 1645-09-08 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish author and poet, dies at 64
  • 1646-10-09 Baltasar Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip IV, dies of smallpox at 16
  • 1647-09-12 Joos Banckert, Swiss admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
  • 1648-01-23 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), dies at 40
  • 1648-03-12 Tirso de Molina, Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest), dies at about 63
  • 1650-10-21 Pedro de Espinosa, Spanish poet/writer, dies
  • 1651-12-18 Francisco the Melo, Portuguese/Spanish earl of Assumar, dies at 54
  • 1652-10-20 Antonio Coello, Spanish writer (b. 1611)
  • 1654-09-08 Peter Claver, Spanish saint (baptized 300,000 slaves), dies
  • 1655-08-02 Alfonso de la Cueva, Spanish marquis of Bedmar and diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1658-04-07 Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
  • 1658-10-26 Francisco de Borja y Aragon Esquilache, Spanish poet, dies
  • 1658-12-06 Baltasar Gracian, Spanish writer, dies at 57
  • 1660-08-06 Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (Las Meninas), dies at 61
  • 1661-10-28 Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1662-11-20 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
  • 1664-08-27 Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter, dies at 65
  • 1665-05-24 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, dies at 63
  • 1665-09-17 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-55), dies at 60
  • 1667-09-03 Alonso Cano, Spanish painter, sculptor and architect, dies at 66
  • 1672-08-09 Jose Ximenez, Spanish composer, dies at 70
  • 1679-06-27 Pablo Bruna, Spanish blind composer, dies at 68
  • 1679-09-17 Juan Jose of Austrian, Spanish general/govenor of Netherlands, dies at 50
  • 1679-12-17 Don Juan, ruler of Spain, dies
  • 1681-05-25 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, dies at 81
  • 1682-04-03 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque painter (The Vision of St. Anthony), dies at about 64
  • 1682-09-08 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, dies at 76

Person of interestMaria Theresa of Spain

1683-07-30 Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France, dies at 44

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • 1685-05-15 Henri Otto, Spanish marquis of Caretto/Savona/Grana, dies
  • 1686-04-19 Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)

Person of interestHenry Morgan

1688-08-25 Henry Morgan, Welsh pirate and privateer who raided Spanish settlements and shipping, dies at 53

Pirate Henry Morgan
Henry Morgan
  • 1692-04-14 Carlos de Gurrea, Spanish viceroy (Spanish Netherlands), dies
  • 1693-10-01 Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
  • 1695-09-12 Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1696-04-21 Andres de Sola, Spanish composer, dies at 61
  • 1699-02-06 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • 1699-08-19 José Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal, dies at 69
  • 1700-11-01 Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 39
  • 1712-04-29 Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles, Spanish organist and composer, dies at 67
  • 1712-09-22 Jose Solana, Spanish composer and organist, dies at 69
  • 1714-02-14 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), dies tuberculosis at 25
  • 1723-06-07 Miguel Lopez, Spanish composer and organist, dies at 64
  • 1746-07-09 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), dies at 62
  • 1751-05-20 Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas, Spanish composer, dies at 38
  • 1752-06-16 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish-Italian minister and cardinal, dies at 88
  • 1757-08-11 José Pradas Gallén, Spanish composer, dies at 67
  • 1759-08-10 Ferdinand VI, the wise, king of Spain, dies at 46
  • 1764-04-27 Jaime de Casellas, Spanish composer, dies at 73
  • 1764-09-26 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, dies at 89