Spanish History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 850

  • 1555-10-21 English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king

Historic Event

1556-01-16 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V abdicates his role as King of Spain and appoints his son Philip II of Spain

Historic Event

1556-09-15 Charles V and Maria of Hungary return to Spain and retired to the Monastery of Yuste in Extremadura

  • 1556-10-17 Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
  • 1557-08-10 Battle of St Quentin in Picardy: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont and Philibert, Duke of Savoy (Spanish Empire) beat the Duke of Montmorency (France)
  • 1558-03-05 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spanish physician Francisco Fernandes
  • 1558-07-13 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines
  • 1558-08-24 Battle of Gravelines: English fleet beats Spanish
  • 1558-12-29 Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, buried in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
  • 1559-04-03 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1559-08-14 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla
  • 1559-08-22 Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza arrested as heretic
  • 1559-09-19 Five Spanish ships sink in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
  • 1560-03-13 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1560-09-25 Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg as 1st archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1561-09-23 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida
  • 1564-08-18 Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente
  • 1565-04-27 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • 1565-09-20 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida & massacre the French
  • 1566-12-01 Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva
  • 1567-03-13 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1568-05-23 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • 1568-05-23 The Netherlands declares independence from Spain
  • 1568-07-10 Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1570-01-04 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
  • 1570-04-24 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1571-03-19 Spanish troops occupy Manila

Historic Event

1571-05-25 Pope Pius V forms The Holy League to fight the Ottomans with other Catholic maritime states including Spain, Venice, Naples and Sicily

  • 1572-04-01 Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
  • 1572-04-21 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1572-06-11 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • 1572-07-19 Battle at Saint Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
  • 1572-10-02 Spanish army occupies, plunders and destroys Mechelen
  • 1572-10-05 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen
  • 1572-10-18 Spanish troops attack Maastricht
  • 1572-11-16 Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Netherlands
  • 1572-12-11 Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem
  • 1572-12-13 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey
  • 1572-12-17 Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands
  • 1573-07-13 Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army

Historic Event

1573-08-07 Francis Drake's fleet returns to Plymouth after a year spent raiding for Spanish treasure

  • 1573-08-21 Spain begin siege of Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 1573-10-09 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1573-10-11 Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1574-01-29 Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1574-02-19 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1574-02-21 Spanish garrison of Middelburg, Netherlands, surrenders
  • 1574-10-01 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • 1575-06-28 Spanish troops conquer Buren
  • 1575-07-19 Spanish viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater
  • 1575-08-07 Spanish troops conquer Oudewater, almost all inhabitants died
  • 1576-05-29 Spanish army under Cristóbal de Mondragón conquers Zierik sea
  • 1576-07-02 Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1576-07-26 Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst
  • 1576-10-19 Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence
  • 1576-10-20 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1576-11-04 Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp
  • 1576-11-08 Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - 17 Dutch provinces sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1577-02-12 Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • 1577-07-24 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1578-01-31 Battle of Gembloux (Gembloers); Spanish forces win decisive victor over coalition rebel forces
  • 1578-08-02 Battle of Rijmenam: Spanish Habsburg forces defeated by Dutch troops (Eighty Years' War)
  • 1579-01-06 Northern Hasburg Netherlands counties of Artois and Hainault and city Dowaai sign pro-Spanish and pro-Roman Catholic Union of Arras (Unie van Atrecht)
  • 1579-05-17 Artois, Henegouwen and French-Flanders sign Treaty, the Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • 1579-07-29 Spanish King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli
  • 1580-03-15 Spanish King Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of Prince William of Orange
  • 1580-06-15 Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.
  • 1580-06-17 Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • 1580-08-25 Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal
  • 1580-11-09 Spanish troops land in Ireland
  • 1582-04-16 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta in Argentina

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582-10-04 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 10 days are skipped and the next date is Oct 15.

  • 1582-12-15 Spanish Netherlands, Denmark and Norway adopt the Gregorian calendar
  • 1583-07-17 Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk
  • 1584-07-10 Spanish army leader Richebourg conquers Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1585-01-02 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1585-05-19 Spain confiscates English ships
  • 1585-06-23 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1586-01-15 Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1586-09-22 Battle at Zutphen: Dutch army, assisted by the English, against the Spanish
  • 1587-01-29 Deventer and Zutphen surrender to Spain
  • 1587-04-29 English naval officer Francis Drake sails into Cadiz, Spain and sinks the Spanish fleet, thereby "Singeing the King of Spain's Beard" and delaying the Spanish invasion by a year
  • 1588-05-28 Spanish Armada under the Duke of Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England
  • 1588-06-19 Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna
  • 1588-07-21 First engagement between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada off the Eddystone Rocks
  • 1588-07-29 The Battle of Gravelines - Spanish Armada damaged and scattered by the English fleet
  • 1588-08-12 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1588-08-12 Radboud Castle on Medemblik harbor in North Holland surrenders to the Spanish army
  • 1588-10-23 Remnants of Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander
  • 1589-04-10 Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
  • 1591-05-30 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrender to Dutch and English forces under Maurice of Nassau
  • 1591-09-09 -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
  • 1593-10-24 Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico
  • 1594-06-11 Philip II recognizes the rights and privileges of local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, creating a ruling class of native nobility known as the Principalía

Declaration of War

1595-01-17 King Henry IV of France declares war on Spain

  • 1595-10-09 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1596-05-26 England, France & Netherlands sign Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • 1596-09-20 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1596-10-25 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 777

  • 1664-05-30 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish-Italian minister and cardinal, born in Piacenza, duchy of Parma (d. 1752)
  • 1667-10-28 Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain, born in Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate (d. 1740)
  • 1669-02-01 Miguel Lopez, Spanish composer and organist, born in Villarroya de la Sierra, Aragon, Spain (d. 1723)
  • 1676-10-08 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, born in Casdemiro, Spain (d. 1764)
  • 1683-12-19 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), born in Versailles, France (d. 1746)
  • 1688-09-17 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Savoy (d. 1714)
  • 1689-08-21 José Pradas Gallén, Spanish composer, born in Villahermosa del Río, Spain (d. 1757)
  • 1690-10-08 Jaime de Casellas, Spanish composer, born in Valls, Spain (d. 1764)
  • 1692-10-25 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), born in Palazzo della Pilotta, Parma (d. 1766)
  • 1700-05-19 José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
  • 1701-02-14 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1773)
  • 1703-03-24 Jose F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
  • 1709-12-11 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Queen consort of Spain, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1742)
  • 1710-04-15 Marie-Anne de Cupis de Camargo, French dancer, born in Brussels, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1770)
  • 1711-12-04 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain, born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1758)
  • 1712-09-23 Ferdinand VI, the wise, King of Spain (1746-59)
  • 1713-02-13 Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas, Spanish composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1751)

Junípero SerraJunípero Serra (1713-1784)

1713-11-24 Spanish missionary priest who founded the 1st missions in California, born in Petra, Majorca

  • 1716-01-12 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general (d. 1795)
  • 1716-01-20 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) and King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1717-03-26 Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, Spanish theorist and composer, born in Las Herencias, Toledo, Spain (d. 1779)
  • 1723-07-01 Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes y Pérez, 1st Count of Campomanes, Spanish economist and literary, born in Tineo, Asturias, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1803)
  • 1724-11-24 Maria Amalia of Saxony, queen of Spain (d. 1760)
  • 1729-11-17 Maria Antonietta of Spain, queen of Sardinia (d. 1785)
  • 1729-12-03 Antonio Soler, Spanish Catalan composer (Fandango), born in Olot, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1783)
  • 1736-05-24 Juan de Sesé y Balaguer, Aragonese composer, born in Calanda, Aragon, Spain (d. 1801)
  • 1745-11-24 Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Palace of San Ildefonso, Segovia, Spain (d. 1792)
  • 1746-03-30 Francisco Goya, Spanish court painter and etcher (The Second of May 1808), born in Fuendetodos, Spain (d. 1828)
  • 1746-07-25 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)
  • 1748-11-11 Carlos IV (English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), born in Portici, Italy (d. 1819)
  • 1750-09-18 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), born in La Orotava, Tenerife, Canary Islands of Spain (d. 1791)
  • 1751-12-09 Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Charles IV of Spain, born in Parma (d. 1819)
  • 1753-05-08 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Spanish Catholic priest, and leader of Mexican independence, born in Pénjamo, Guanajuato, Viceroyalty of New Spain (d. 1811)
  • 1754-05-02 Vicente Martín y Soler, Valencian composer, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1806)
  • 1758-02-01 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), born in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife (d. 1824)
  • 1767-05-12 Manuel de Godoy 'Prince of the Peace', Spanish statesman, 1st Secretary of State of Spain, born in Badajoz, Spain (d. 1851)
  • 1772-04-11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author and poet (El Duque de Viseo), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1857)
  • 1775-01-27 Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, Spanish tenor and composer
  • 1775-09-05 Juan Martín Díez, El Empecinado (The Undaunted), Spanish guerrillero, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1825)
  • 1777-09-20 Ramón Cuéllar y Altarriba, Spanish composer, born in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1777-12-14 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos the mayo), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1853)
  • 1778-02-14 Fernando Sor, Spanish classical guitarist, and composer (Twelve Studies), baptized in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1839)

José de San MartínJosé de San Martín (1778-1850)

1778-02-25 Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina

  • 1778-08-20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)

Simón BolívarSimón Bolívar (1783-1830)

1783-07-24 Venezuelan political and military leader (freed 6 Latin American republics from Spanish rule), born in Caracas

Ferdinand VIIFerdinand VII (1784-1833)

1784-10-14 King of Spain (1808, 1813-33) who lost nearly all of Spain's possessions in Latin America, born in El Escorial, Spain

  • 1786-11-07 Francisco Andrevi y Castellar, Spanish choirmaster and composer, born in Sanaüja, Spain (d. 1853)
  • 1788-02-16 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • 1789-07-06 María Isabella of Spain, Queen of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1848)
  • 1789-10-24 Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, Spanish composer, born in Tàrrega, Catalonia (d. 1855)
  • 1791-07-09 Nicolás Ledesma, Spanish organist and composer, born in Grisel, Spain (d. 1883)
  • 1792-02-27 Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
  • 1796-12-19 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Spanish, poet, comic and playwright, born in Quel, Spain (d. 1873)
  • 1797-05-19 Maria Isabel of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1818)
  • 1802-08-02 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st archbishop of Westminster (1860-65), born in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1865)
  • 1803-12-07 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Saxony (d. 1829)
  • 1806-01-27 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Basque child prodigy and composer, born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1826)
  • 1806-04-27 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1878)
  • 1808-03-24 Maria Malibran (née Garcia) Spanish operatic contralto and soprano, born in Paris, (d. 1836)
  • 1808-03-25 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary and poet (Cortes)
  • 1809-01-20 Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish-Basque composer (La Paloma), born in Lanciego, Álav, Spain (d. 1865)
  • 1815-12-31 George Gordon Meade, Spanish-American Major General (Union Army), born in Cádiz, Spain (d. 1872)
  • 1817-02-21 Jose Zorrilla, Spanish poet and dramatist (El rey Loco), born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1893)
  • 1817-03-28 Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, Spanish composer, born in Murcia, Spain (d. 1880)
  • 1817-04-19 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1817-09-24 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Doloras), born in Navia, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1818-05-01 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1822-05-13 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
  • 1824-09-08 Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (Mexican national anthem), born in Sant Joan de les Abadesses, Catalonia (d. 1908)
  • 1826-05-05 Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France (1853-71), born in Granada, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1828-08-02 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, born in Cadiz, Spain (d. 1895)
  • 1829-12-24 José Rogel, Spanish composer, born in Orihuela, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1830-10-10 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1831-01-18 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • 1832-01-30 Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1897)
  • 1832-04-19 José Echegaray, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1904), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1833-02-06 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist, born in Polanco, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1835-03-14 Manuel Fernandez Caballero, Spanish composer, born in Murcia, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1836-02-17 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • 1841-07-24 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, born in Rome (d. 1920)
  • 1843-02-19 Adelina Patti, Italian opera soprano (Lucio), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1919)
  • 1843-05-10 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), born in Las Palmas, Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1844-03-10 Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (Spanish Dancer), born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1908)
  • 1845-04-05 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1845-05-30 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1890)
  • 1846-05-05 Federico Chueca, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1908)
  • 1846-08-19 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, born in Melgar de Fernamental, Burgos, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1846-11-02 Antonio Peña y Goñi, Spanish composer, born in San Sebastián, Spain (d. 1896)
  • 1847-08-09 Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen consort of Spain (1870-73), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1848-09-05 Manuel Giro, Spanish composer, born in Lérida, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1850-03-13 Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, Spanish composer, born in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain (d. 1939)
  • 1850-12-29 Tomás Bretón, Spanish conductor and composer, born in Salamanca, Spain (d. 1923)
  • 1851-03-27 Ruperto Chapi, Spanish composer, born in Villena, Spain (d. 1909)
  • 1851-04-25 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1851-09-16 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), born in La Coruña, Spain (d. 1921)
  • 1852-05-01 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), born in Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain (d. 1934)

Antoni GaudiAntoni Gaudi (1852-1926)

1852-06-25 Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), born in Reus, Catalonia, Spain

  • 1854-07-31 Jose Canalejas, premier of Spain (1910-12), born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 1912)
  • 1857-10-29 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1857-11-28 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid (d. 1885)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 457

  • 1578-10-01 John of Austria, Spanish military leader (Battle of Lepanto), and governor of the Netherlands, dies of a fever at 31
  • 1579-12-21 Vicente Masip, Spanish painter
  • 1580-04-01 Alonso Mudarra, Spanish composer
  • 1580-07-25 Baltazar Alvarez, Spanish jesuit/writer, dies at 47
  • 1580-11-03 Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
  • 1582-10-04 Theresia van Avila, Spanish mystic writer, dies
  • 1585-02-13 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, dies at 69
  • 1585-04-04 Caspar de Robles, Spanish viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57
  • 1585-11-28 Hernando Franco, Spanish composer (b. 1532)
  • 1586-09-21 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1588-02-09 Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral, dies
  • 1588-08-08 Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter
  • 1591-08-23 Luis de Leon, Spanish scholar and poet, dies at 64
  • 1591-12-14 St. John of the Cross [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite friar, poet and saint, dies at 49

Thomas KydThomas Kyd (1558-1594)

1594-07-16 English dramatist (The Spanish Tragedy), dies at 35

  • 1594-11-22 Martin Frobisher, English privateer, explorer (Canada) and later vice-admiral who helped defeat the Spanish Armada, dies aged between 55 and 59
  • 1595-02-12 Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
  • 1597-06-09 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit and missionary to Brazil (founder of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro), dies at 63
  • 1597-11-06 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain [Catalina Micaela de Austria], Duchess consort of Savoy (1585-97), dies at 30

Philip II of SpainPhilip II of Spain (1527-1598)

1598-09-13 King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98), dies of cancer at 71

  • 1599-11-08 Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer and Catholic priest, dies at 71
  • 1600-02-15 Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
  • 1600-10-12 Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest (De liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis), dies at 65
  • 1604-08-03 Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish military commander
  • 1607-04-25 Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1608-10-26 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, Spanish royal painter, dies
  • 1610-05-19 Thomas Sanchez, Spanish theologian (b. 1550)
  • 1610-08-05 Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile (b. c. 1552)
  • 1611-08-27 Tomés L de Victoria, Spanish composer, singer, organist, and priest, dies at about 53
  • 1614-04-07 El Greco, Greek-born artist working in Spain (b. 1541)

Miguel de CervantesMiguel de Cervantes (1547-1616)

1616-04-22 Spanish author (Don Quixote), dies of likely diabetes at 68

  • 1617-04-05 Alonso Lobo, Spanish composer (Versa est in luctum), dies at 62
  • 1617-09-25 Francisco Suarez, Spanish Jesuit theologian (b. 1548)

Philip IIIPhilip III (1578-1621)

1621-03-31 King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), dies at 42

  • 1622-05-03 Pedro Páez, Spanish Jesuit missionary (b. 1564)
  • 1624-02-17 Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
  • 1625-03-29 Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
  • 1625-05-18 Francisco Gomez de Sandoval y Rojas, Spanish marquis of Denia, dies at 72
  • 1626-10-02 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish diplomat, dies at 58
  • 1627-05-23 Luis de Gongora, Spanish poet and writer, dies at 65

Piet HeynPiet Heyn (1577-1629)

1629-06-18 Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, shot by cannonball during a skirmish with privateers at 51

  • 1630-09-25 Ambrogio Spinola, Spanish marquis of Balbases, dies at about 61
  • 1631-07-28 Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
  • 1635-08-17 Francisco de Moncada, Spanish earl of Osuna, dies at 48
  • 1638-01-27 Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • 1639-08-04 Juan Alarcon y Mendoza, Mexican-Spanish playwright, dies at 58
  • 1641-01-11 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (b. 1583)
  • 1641-11-09 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Catholic Church and military commander during the Thirty Years' War, dies at 32
  • 1644-11-10 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), dies at 65
  • 1645-07-22 Gaspar de Guzman, premier of Spain (1621-43), dies at 58
  • 1645-09-08 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish author and poet, dies at 64
  • 1646-10-09 Baltasar Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip IV, dies of smallpox at 16
  • 1647-09-12 Joos Banckert, Swiss admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
  • 1648-01-23 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), dies at 40
  • 1648-03-12 Tirso de Molina, Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest), dies at about 63
  • 1650-10-21 Pedro de Espinosa, Spanish poet/writer, dies
  • 1651-12-18 Francisco the Melo, Portuguese-Spanish earl of Assumar, dies at 54
  • 1652-10-20 Antonio Coello, Spanish writer and dramatist (b. 1611)
  • 1654-09-08 Peter Claver, Spanish saint and Jesuit missionary in Cartagena, South America (baptized 300,000 slaves), dies (b. 1581)
  • 1655-08-02 Alfonso de la Cueva, Spanish marquis of Bedmar and diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1658-04-07 Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
  • 1658-10-26 Francisco de Borja y Aragon Esquilache, Spanish poet, dies
  • 1658-12-06 Baltasar Gracian, Spanish writer, dies at 57
  • 1660-08-06 Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (Las Meninas), dies at 61
  • 1661-10-28 Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1662-11-20 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
  • 1664-08-27 Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter, dies at 65
  • 1665-05-24 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, dies at 63

Philip IVPhilip IV (1605-1665)

1665-09-17 King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65), dies at 60

  • 1667-09-03 Alonso Cano, Spanish painter, sculptor and architect, dies at 66
  • 1672-08-09 Jose Ximenez, Spanish composer, dies at 70
  • 1679-06-27 Pablo Bruna, Spanish blind composer, dies at 68
  • 1679-09-17 Juan Jose of Austrian, Spanish general/govenor of Netherlands, dies at 50
  • 1679-12-17 Don Juan, ruler of Spain, dies
  • 1681-05-25 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, dies at 81
  • 1682-04-03 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque painter (The Vision of St. Anthony), dies at about 64
  • 1682-09-08 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, dies at 76

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain (1638-1683)

1683-07-30 queen of Louis XIV of France, dies at 44

  • 1685-05-15 Henri Otto, Spanish marquis of Caretto/Savona/Grana, dies
  • 1686-04-19 Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)

Henry MorganHenry Morgan (c. 1635-1688)

1688-08-25 Welsh pirate and privateer who raided Spanish settlements and shipping, dies at 53

  • 1692-04-14 Carlos de Gurrea, Spanish viceroy (Spanish Netherlands), dies
  • 1693-10-01 Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
  • 1695-09-12 Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1696-04-21 Andres de Sola, Spanish composer, dies at 61
  • 1699-02-06 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • 1699-08-19 José Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal, dies at 69
  • 1700-11-01 Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 38
  • 1712-04-29 Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles, Spanish organist and composer, dies at 67
  • 1712-09-22 Jose Solana, Spanish composer and organist, dies at 69
  • 1714-02-14 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), dies tuberculosis at 25
  • 1723-06-07 Miguel Lopez, Spanish composer and organist, dies at 64
  • 1746-07-09 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), dies at 62
  • 1751-05-20 Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas, Spanish composer, dies at 38
  • 1752-06-16 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish-Italian minister and cardinal, dies at 88
  • 1757-08-11 José Pradas Gallén, Spanish composer, dies at 67
  • 1759-08-10 Ferdinand VI, the wise, king of Spain, dies at 46
  • 1764-04-27 Jaime de Casellas, Spanish composer, dies at 73
  • 1764-09-26 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, dies at 89
  • 1766-06-11 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), dies at 73