Spanish History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 852

  • 1596-10-25 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • 1596-10-31 English, French & Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Triple Covenant"
  • 1596-11-29 King Philip II devalues Spanish currency
  • 1598-04-30 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
  • 1598-05-02 France & Spain sign Peace of Vervins
  • 1598-07-10 Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
  • 1598-10-15 Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1598-11-08 Spanish troops under Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem
  • 1598-12-21 Battle of Curalaba: the Mapuche people led by Pelentaru revolt and inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile
  • 1600-07-02 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1600-12-14 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1601-01-17 France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
  • 1601-07-30 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1601-08-06 Spanish garrison of Meurs surrender to earl Mauritius
  • 1602-01-02 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
  • 1602-09-20 Spanish held city of Grave surrenders to Maurice of Orange during Eighty Years' War
  • 1602-12-11 Surprise attack by forces of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain repelled by citizens of Geneva. Commemorated since as Fête de l'Escalade.
  • 1604-05-06 Leon VII Spanish poet's first poem is published: La Cocina
  • 1604-05-12 Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1604-08-20 Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice
  • 1604-09-20 Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende
  • 1605-08-18 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • 1605-10-27 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk
  • 1606-10-01 Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
  • 1607-01-13 The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain
  • 1607-04-25 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish Portuguese fleet
  • 1609-04-09 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1609-09-11 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • 1617-10-09 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1617-12-16 Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay)
  • 1621-04-09 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1622-09-06 Spanish silver fleet disappears off Florida Keys; 1,000s die
  • 1624-03-10 England declares war on Spain
  • 1624-05-03 Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
  • 1624-06-10 Netherlands & France sign anti-Spanish Treaty of Compiègne
  • 1625-05-01 Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
  • 1625-06-05 Spanish troops under Spinola conquer Breda
  • 1627-01-31 Spanish government goes bankrupt
  • 1627-03-20 France & Spain sign accord for fighting protestantism

Victory in Battle

1628-09-08 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba

  • 1629-05-03 French huguenot leader Duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
  • 1629-06-18 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beats the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy

Victory in Battle

1629-09-14 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Victory in Battle

1634-08-26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Spanish forces defeat a force of Swedish and German protestants

  • 1634-09-05 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1635-05-19 France's First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain (Franco-Spanish War 1635–59)
  • 1635-07-28 Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquers Schenkenschans
  • 1636-08-14 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1639-10-21 Sea battle at Dunes, Lt Admiral Maarten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo
  • 1640-05-12 Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1640-12-01 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule following a revolution by Portuguese nobility; the Portuguese Restoration War begins and lasts until 1668 with recognition by Spain of the country's independence
  • 1641-06-01 France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1643-05-19 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1646-05-30 Spain & Netherlands sign temporary cease fire
  • 1647-07-07 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
  • 1648-01-30 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years' War
  • 1648-04-05 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1648-05-15 Treaty of Munster ratified by Spain & Netherlands
  • 1648-08-20 Battle of Lens: French Duc d'Enghien defeats Spaniards
  • 1650-04-30 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1652-05-19 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1652-09-16 Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • 1657-03-23 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1657-04-20 Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
  • 1658-06-14 Battle of the Dunes: English and French forces defeat the Spanish near Dunkirk during Franco-Spanish War
  • 1658-06-25 Spanish garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to French and English
  • 1659-01-14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish

Treaty of Interest

1659-11-07 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

  • 1659-11-17 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain
  • 1663-06-08 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1665-06-06 Battle at Monte Carlo: English and Portuguese armies beat Spain
  • 1665-06-17 Battle of Viciosa (Monte Claros): English & Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1668-01-19 King Louis XIV & Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain
  • 1668-02-13 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1668-05-02 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1st peace of Aachen: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands
  • 1668-10-09 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina

Pirate Attack

1671-01-28 Welsh pirate Henry Morgan captures Panama City from its Spanish defenders

  • 1673-08-30 Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant
  • 1674-07-01 Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1675-01-01 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • 1676-04-22 Battle of Etna - Netherlands and Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
  • 1676-06-02 Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch and Spanish fleet
  • 1676-11-06 King Carlos II of Spain comes of age (at 15)
  • 1678-09-17 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • 1680-08-10 Tewa medicine man, Popé, leads the Pueblo Rebellion against Spanish colonizers in the New Mexican Province, killing 400 and driving out another 2,000
  • 1680-08-21 Pueblo Indians takes possession of Santa Fé in the New Mexican Province, from Spanish
  • 1684-08-15 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1686-07-09 Germany, Sweden and Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg
  • 1689-04-15 French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain
  • 1689-08-25 Battle at Charleroi: Spanish & English armies chase French
  • 1691-12-04 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of Southern Netherlands
  • 1697-10-30 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • 1698-10-11 France, England & Netherlands ratified the First Partition Treaty, which eventually led to the War of the Spanish Succession
  • 1698-11-14 Spanish king Carlos appoints grandson prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir
  • 1699-06-11 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain
  • 1700-10-02 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 778

  • 1857-11-28 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid (d. 1885)
  • 1858-06-08 Antoni Nicolau, Spanish composer and conductor, born in Barcelona (d. 1933)
  • 1858-07-21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1860-05-29 Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist and composer (Suite española, Tango in D), born in Camprodon, Spain (d. 1909)
  • 1860-06-24 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, born in Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1863-10-24 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), born in Cartagena, Murcia (d. 1929)
  • 1863-11-30 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)
  • 1863-12-16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • 1864-09-29 Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro), born in Bilbao Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1865-10-10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1866-02-10 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian
  • 1866-08-12 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • 1867-01-29 Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)
  • 1867-04-16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico (d. 1918)
  • 1867-07-27 Enrique Granados, Spanish concert pianist, and composer (Goyescas), born in Lérida, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1868-11-04 Carolina “La Belle” Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan, born in Valga, Galicia, Spain (d. 1965)
  • 1870-01-08 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • 1871-07-03 Vicente Arregui Garay, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1925)
  • 1872-03-28 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)

Pío Baroja

1872-12-28 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

  • 1873-08-04 Damaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician (122nd Prime Minister of Spain), born in San Juan de los Remedios, Cuba (d. 1953)
  • 1874-02-28 Soledad Jiménez, Spanish actress (Kid Galahad, The Phantom of the Range), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1966)
  • 1875-05-04 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), born in Alava, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1875-07-26 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • 1875-11-13 Rogelio del Villar, Spanish composer, born in Leon, Spain (d. 1937)
  • 1876-11-23 Manuel de Falla, Spanish pianist and composer (Atlántida), born in Cádiz, Spain (d. 1946)
  • 1876-12-29 Pablo Casals [Pau Casals i Defilló], Spanish cellist, conductor and composer, born in Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1973)
  • 1877-07-06 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 1st Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic and President of Spain (1931-36), born in Priego de Cordoba, Spain (d. 1949)

Manuel Azaña

1880-01-10 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain (d. 1940)

  • 1881-02-20 Pedro Munoz Seca, Spanish playwright (Vengeanza de Don Mendo)
  • 1881-05-11 Al Cabrera, Spanish-born Cuban baseball player (d. 1964)

Pablo Picasso

1881-10-25 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (3 Dancers, Guernica), born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1973)

  • 1881-12-24 Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spanish poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956), born in Moguer, Spain (d. 1958)
  • 1882-06-21 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • 1882-09-13 Ramón Grau, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, born in La Palma, Spanish Cuba (d. 1969)
  • 1882-09-28 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, essayist/philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1882-12-09 Joaquín Turina, Spanish pianist and composer (Rima), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1949)
  • 1883-03-14 Juan Manén, Spanish composer and violinist, born in Barcelona (d. 1971)
  • 1883-05-06 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1955)
  • 1883-07-29 Manuel Infante, Spanish composer/conductor
  • 1883-09-15 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician, scientist and engineer, born in Barcelona (d. 1950)
  • 1884-02-02 Julius Deutsch, Austria politician and general in the Spanish republican army, born in Lackenbach, Austria-Hungary (d. 1968)
  • 1886-02-28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • 1886-05-17 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), born in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1941)
  • 1886-07-23 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) and diplomat, born in La Coruña, Spain (d.
  • 1886-08-05 Óscar Esplá Spanish composer, born in Alicante, Spain (d. 1976)
  • 1886-10-04 Luis Alberni, Spanish character actor (The Lady Eve, Topaze), born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1962)
  • 1887-02-03 Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • 1887-03-23 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • 1887-08-08 Esme Percy, British actor (Murder!, Pygmalion, Old Spanish Custom), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1887-09-26 Antonio Moreno, Spanish actor and director (It, Careers), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1967)
  • 1887-10-24 Victoria von Battenberg, Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso XIII, born in Balmoral Castle, Scotland (d. 1969)
  • 1887-11-23 Eduardo Corrochio, Spanish-born dancer (d. 1943)
  • 1888-06-18 Margarita Xirgu, Catalan stage actress, director and political radical (Bloody Wedding, Mariana Pineda), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1969)
  • 1888-08-31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (La Obra de Trajano), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1928)
  • 1889-05-28 José Padilla, Spanish composer and pianist (La Violetera - City Lights; Ça c'est Paris - Moulin Rouge), born in Almería, Spain
  • 1890-03-03 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • 1891-09-11 William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1949)
  • 1891-11-27 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1892-05-23 Rafael Moreno Aranzadi [Pichichi], Spanish soccer forward (5 caps; Athletic Bilbao), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1922)

Francisco Franco

1892-12-04 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

  • 1893-02-21 Andres Segovia, Spanish classical guitarist, born in Linares, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1893-04-16 Federico Mompou, Catalan composer (Música Callada -'The Voice of Silence'), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1893-04-20 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1893-05-16 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance (1925-30)
  • 1895-01-13 Fortunio Bonanova, Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer
  • 1895-01-21 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier 'The Master', born in Getaria, Spain (d. 1972)
  • 1895-06-18 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian (d. 2009)
  • 1895-11-28 José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1980)
  • 1895-12-09 Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer, born in Barcelona (d. 1936)
  • 1896-04-17 Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet) and comedian, born in Peñaranda de Bracamonte, Salamanca, Spain (d. 1999)
  • 1896-07-14 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist involved in the Spanish Revolution, born in León, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1896-10-03 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1897-05-20 Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
  • 1897-09-13 Gaspar Cassadó, Spanish cellist and composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1966)
  • 1897-09-18 Pablo Sorozábal, Spanish composer, born in San Sebastián, Spain (d. 1988)
  • 1898-02-08 Andrés Soriano, Spanish Filipino industrialist (San Miguel Brewery, Philippine Airlines), born in Manila, Spanish Philippines (d. 1964)
  • 1898-04-26 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1984)
  • 1898-05-18 Juan José Domenchina, Spanish poet and interpreter (sombra desterrada), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1959)
  • 1898-06-03 Rosa Chacel, spanish novelist, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1994)
  • 1898-06-05 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet and dramatist (Blood Wedding), born in Fuente Vaqueros, Granada, Andalucía, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1898-09-12 Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1963)
  • 1898-10-22 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1899-03-04 Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • 1899-05-11 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1899-08-12 Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)
  • 1900-01-01 Xavier Cugat, Spanish American bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo), born in Girona, Catalonia (d. 1990)
  • 1900-02-22 Luis Buñuel, Calanda Spain, Spanish surrealist film director (Belle de Jour)
  • 1901-01-21 Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978)
  • 1901-11-22 Joaquín Rodrigo, Spanish composer, born in Sagunto, Spain (d. 1999)
  • 1901-12-21 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer, born in Portugalete, Spain (d. 1982)
  • 1902-07-01 José Luis Sert, Spanish-American architect and urban developer, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1903-04-24 Jose A Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (founder of Spanish Falange), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1903-12-13 Carlos Montoya, American flamenco guitarist (Suite Flamenco 1966), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1993)
  • 1903-12-16 Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (El hombre deshabitado)
  • 1904-04-01 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1904-04-23 Duncan Renaldo, Spanish actor (The Cisco Kid, The Gay Amigo), born in Oancea, Romania (d. 1980)

Salvador Dali

1904-05-11 Salvador Dali, Spanish surrealist artist (Crucifixion), born in Figueres, Spain (d. 1989)

  • 1905-01-16 Ernesto Halffter, Spanish classical and film score composer (Rapsodia portuguesa; Don Quixote de la Mancha), and conductor, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1989)
  • 1905-02-10 José Muñoz Molleda, Spanish composer and politician, born in La Línea de la Concepción (d. 1988)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 458

  • 1766-06-11 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), dies at 73
  • 1766-07-11 Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
  • 1766-07-20 Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain, dies
  • 1770-04-28 Marie-Anne de Cupis de Camargo, French dancer, dies at 60
  • 1773-08-20 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, dies at 72
  • 1779-12-15 Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, Spanish theorist and composer, dies at 62
  • 1781-11-02 Jose F de Isla, Spanish Jesuit/author, dies at 78

Junípero Serra

1784-08-28 Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary priest who founded the 1st missions in California, dies at 70

  • 1786-11-30 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), dies of typhus at 40
  • 1788-12-14 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) & King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), dies at 72
  • 1791-09-17 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), dies at 40
  • 1795-07-03 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1798-01-09 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea, Spanish officer, and ount earl of Aranda, dies at 79
  • 1803-02-03 Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes y Pérez, 1st Count of Campomanes, Spanish economist and literary, dies at 79
  • 1815-12-22 Jose Maria Morelos, Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards
  • 1817-01-12 Juan Andres, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1740)
  • 1819-01-20 Carlos IV [English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • 1824-06-14 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), dies at 68
  • 1826-01-17 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (b. 1806)
  • 1828-04-16 Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter and printmaker (The Third of May 1808), dies at 82
  • 1829-05-18 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, dies at 35
  • 1830-01-07 Infanta Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain and wife of John VI of Portugal, dies at 53
  • 1833-01-07 Ramón Cuéllar y Altarriba, Spanish composer, dies at 55
  • 1833-09-29 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, dies at 48
  • 1837-02-13 Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
  • 1842-05-23 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
  • 1842-10-24 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • 1844-07-28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain, dies at 76
  • 1851-10-04 Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (b. 1767)
  • 1853-01-09 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1853-11-23 Francisco Andrevi y Castellar, Spanish choirmaster and composer, dies at 67
  • 1855-03-17 Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, Spanish composer, dies at 65
  • 1857-03-11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author and poet (A la paz), dies at 84
  • 1865-12-06 Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (Arreglito), dies at 56
  • 1870-09-11 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 1870-12-30 Juan Prim, Spanish general and politician (Prime Minister, 1869-70), assassinated at 56
  • 1878-02-17 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, dies at 59
  • 1878-06-26 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, dies at 18
  • 1878-08-22 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), dies at 72
  • 1880-03-26 Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, Spanish composer, dies at 62
  • 1885-07-15 Rosalia de Castro, Spanish writer and poet in the Galician language ('Séculos Escuros') (b. 1837)
  • 1885-11-25 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), dies at 27
  • 1890-01-18 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • 1893-01-23 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1895-01-04 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, dies at 66
  • 1895-05-19 Jose Marti y Perez, Cuban poet (Versos sencillos) essayist and politician (fought for independence from Spain), dies fighting the Battle of Dos Rios at 42
  • 1896-11-13 Antonio Peña y Goñi, Spanish composer, dies at 50
  • 1901-02-12 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Colon), dies at 83
  • 1901-02-25 Jose Rogel, Spanish composer, dies at 71
  • 1901-05-13 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), dies at 49
  • 1902-04-17 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (b. 1822)
  • 1903-02-12 Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
  • 1904-04-09 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1906-02-26 Manuel Fernandez Caballero, Spanish composer, dies at 70
  • 1906-03-01 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist, dies at 73
  • 1906-04-18 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 59
  • 1908-07-18 Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (Mexican national anthem), dies at 83
  • 1908-07-20 Federico Chueca, Spanish composer, dies at 62
  • 1908-09-20 Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (Spanish Dancer), dies at 64
  • 1909-03-25 Ruperto Chapi, Spanish composer, dies at 57
  • 1909-05-18 Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist & composer (Suite española; Tango in D), dies from nephritis at 48
  • 1909-10-13 Francisco Ferrer, Spanish anarchist and teacher, executed by firing squad at 50
  • 1912-11-11 Jose Canalejas Y Mendez, premier Spain, murdered
  • 1912-11-12 Jose Canalejas bon Mendez, Spanish politician, premier of Spain (1910-12), murdered at 58
  • 1916-09-04 José Echegaray, Spanish politician and dramatist (Nobel Prize for Literature 1904), dies at 84
  • 1916-12-20 Manuel Giro, Spanish composer, dies at 68
  • 1918-07-16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., dies at 52
  • 1918-10-16 Felix Arndt, American composer, dies during the Spanish Flu pandemic at 29
  • 1920-01-04 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), dies at 76
  • 1920-09-15 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, dies at 79
  • 1921-05-12 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), dies at 68
  • 1922-03-01 Rafael Moreno Aranzadi [Pichichi], Spanish soccer forward (5 caps; Athletic Bilbao), dies from typhus at 29
  • 1925-12-01 Vicente Arregui Garay, Spanish composer, dies at 54

Antoni Gaudi

1926-06-10 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), dies after being hit by a tram at 73

  • 1927-05-11 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter, dies at 40
  • 1928-06-17 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (Virulo, mocedades), dies at 39
  • 1929-02-08 Maria Christina of Austria, Austrian born Queen and Regent of Spain, dies at 71
  • 1929-02-27 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), dies at 65
  • 1930-02-26 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1932-09-05 Francisco Acebal, Spanish novelist, playwright and journalist (b. 1866)
  • 1933-02-26 Antoni Nicolau, Spanish composer and conductor, dies at 74
  • 1934-10-17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), dies at 82
  • 1935-09-19 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), dies at 90
  • 1936-03-30 Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer, dies at 40
  • 1936-07-13 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1936-07-20 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, dies at 64
  • 1936-08-11 Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1936-08-19 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet and composer, murdered at 37 or 38
  • 1936-10-29 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), dies at 61
  • 1936-11-19 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchists army leader, dies in battle
  • 1936-11-20 Jose A Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (founder of Spanish Falange), executed at 33
  • 1937-07-26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • 1937-11-04 Rogelio del Villar, Spanish composer, dies at 61
  • 1939-02-22 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), dies at 63
  • 1939-04-09 Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, Spanish composer, dies at 89
  • 1939-11-12 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), dies of blood poisoning from a cut on his finger from operating on a wounded soldier at 49
  • 1940-10-11 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), shot at 58

Manuel Azaña

1940-11-04 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), dies of a heart attack at 60 while in exile in France

  • 1941-02-28 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1942-03-28 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31