Spanish History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 853

  • 1596-10-25 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • 1596-10-31 English, French & Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Triple Covenant"
  • 1596-11-29 King Philip II devalues Spanish currency
  • 1598-04-30 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
  • 1598-05-02 France & Spain sign Peace of Vervins
  • 1598-07-10 Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1598-09-01 Spanish King Philip II receives sacraments

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain
  • 1598-10-15 Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1598-11-08 Spanish troops under Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem
  • 1598-12-21 Battle of Curalaba: the Mapuche people led by Pelentaru revolt and inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile
  • 1600-07-02 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1600-12-14 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1601-01-17 France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
  • 1601-07-30 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1601-08-06 Spanish garrison of Meurs surrender to earl Mauritius
  • 1602-01-02 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale

  • 1602-09-20 Spanish held city of Grave surrenders to Maurice of Orange during Eighty Years' War
  • 1602-12-11 Surprise attack by forces of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain repelled by citizens of Geneva. Commemorated since as Fête de l'Escalade.
  • 1604-05-06 Leon VII Spanish poet's first poem is published: La Cocina
  • 1604-05-12 Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1604-08-20 Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice
  • 1604-09-20 Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende
  • 1605-08-18 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • 1605-10-27 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk
  • 1606-10-01 Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
  • 1607-01-13 The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain
  • 1607-04-25 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish Portuguese fleet
  • 1609-04-09 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1609-09-11 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • 1617-10-09 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1617-12-16 Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay)
  • 1621-04-09 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1622-09-06 Spanish silver fleet disappears off Florida Keys; 1,000s die
  • 1624-03-10 England declares war on Spain
  • 1624-05-03 Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
  • 1624-06-10 Netherlands & France sign anti-Spanish Treaty of Compiègne

  • 1625-05-01 Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
  • 1625-06-05 Spanish troops under Spinola conquer Breda
  • 1627-01-31 Spanish government goes bankrupt
  • 1627-03-20 France & Spain sign accord for fighting protestantism

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1628-09-08 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1629-05-03 French huguenot leader Duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
  • 1629-06-18 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beats the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1629-09-14 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1634-08-26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Spanish forces defeat a force of Swedish and German protestants

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • 1634-09-05 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1635-05-19 France's First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain (Franco-Spanish War 1635–59)
  • 1635-07-28 Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquers Schenkenschans
  • 1636-08-14 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1639-10-21 Sea battle at Dunes, Lt Admiral Maarten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo
  • 1640-05-12 Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1640-12-01 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule following a revolution by Portuguese nobility; the Portuguese Restoration War begins and lasts until 1668 with recognition by Spain of the country's independence
  • 1641-06-01 France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1643-05-19 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1646-05-30 Spain & Netherlands sign temporary cease fire
  • 1647-07-07 People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
  • 1648-01-30 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years' War
  • 1648-04-05 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1648-05-15 Treaty of Munster ratified by Spain & Netherlands
  • 1648-08-20 Battle of Lens: French Duc d'Enghien defeats Spaniards
  • 1650-04-30 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1652-05-19 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1652-09-16 Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • 1657-03-23 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1657-04-20 Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
  • 1658-06-14 Battle of the Dunes: English and French forces defeat the Spanish near Dunkirk during Franco-Spanish War
  • 1658-06-25 Spanish garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to French and English
  • 1659-01-14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1659-11-07 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1659-11-17 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain
  • 1663-06-08 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1665-06-06 Battle at Monte Carlo: English and Portuguese armies beat Spain
  • 1665-06-17 Battle of Viciosa (Monte Claros): English & Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1668-01-19 King Louis XIV & Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain
  • 1668-02-13 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1668-05-02 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1st peace of Aachen: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands
  • 1668-10-09 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina

<b>Pirate</b> AttackPirate Attack

1671-01-28 Welsh pirate Henry Morgan captures Panama City from its Spanish defenders

Pirate Henry Morgan
Henry Morgan
  • 1673-08-30 Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant
  • 1674-07-01 Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1675-01-01 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • 1676-04-22 Battle of Etna - Netherlands and Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
  • 1676-06-02 Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch and Spanish fleet
  • 1676-11-06 King Carlos II of Spain comes of age (at 15)
  • 1678-09-17 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • 1680-08-10 In New Mexico, Popé leads rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spaniards
  • 1680-08-21 Pueblo Indians takes possession of Santa Fé from Spanish
  • 1684-08-15 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1686-07-09 Germany, Sweden and Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg
  • 1689-04-15 French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain
  • 1689-08-25 Battle at Charleroi: Spanish & English armies chase French
  • 1691-12-04 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of Southern Netherlands
  • 1697-10-30 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • 1698-10-11 France, England & Netherlands ratified the First Partition Treaty, which eventually led to the War of the Spanish Succession
  • 1698-11-14 Spanish king Carlos appoints grandson prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir
  • 1699-06-11 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain
  • 1700-10-02 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 788

Person of interestAntoni Gaudi

1852-06-25 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), born in Reus, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1926)

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Antoni Gaudi
  • 1854-07-31 Jose Canalejas, premier of Spain (1910-12), born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 1912)
  • 1857-10-29 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1857-11-28 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid (d. 1885)
  • 1858-06-08 Antoni Nicolau, Spanish composer and conductor, born in Barcelona (d. 1933)
  • 1858-07-21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1860-05-29 Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist and composer (Suite española, Tango in D), born in Camprodon, Spain (d. 1909)
  • 1860-06-24 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, born in Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1863-10-24 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), born in Cartagena, Murcia (d. 1929)
  • 1863-11-30 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)
  • 1863-12-16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • 1864-09-29 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Bilbao Spain, philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro)
  • 1865-10-10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1866-02-10 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian
  • 1866-08-12 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • 1867-01-29 Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)
  • 1867-04-16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico (d. 1918)
  • 1867-07-27 Enrique Granados, Spanish opera composer (Goyescas), born in Lérida, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1868-11-04 Carolina “La Belle” Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan, born in Valga, Galicia, Spain (d. 1965)
  • 1870-01-08 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • 1871-07-03 Vicente Arregui Garay, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1925)
  • 1872-03-28 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)

Person of interestPío Baroja

1872-12-28 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1873-08-04 Damaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician (122nd Prime Minister of Spain), born in San Juan de los Remedios, Cuba (d. 1953)
  • 1874-02-28 Soledad Jiménez, Spanish actress (Kid Galahad, The Phantom of the Range), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1966)
  • 1875-05-04 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), born in Alava, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1875-07-26 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • 1875-11-13 Rogelio del Villar, Spanish composer, born in Leon, Spain (d. 1937)
  • 1876-11-23 Manuel de Falla, Spanish pianist and composer (Atlántida), born in Cádiz, Spain (d. 1946)
  • 1876-12-29 Pablo Casals [Pau Casals i Defilló], Spanish cellist, conductor and composer, born in Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1973)
  • 1877-07-06 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 1st Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic and President of Spain (1931-36), born in Priego de Cordoba, Spain (d. 1949)

Person of interestManuel Azaña

1880-01-10 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain (d. 1940)

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1881-02-20 Pedro Munoz Seca, Spanish playwright (Vengeanza de Don Mendo)
  • 1881-05-11 Al Cabrera, Spanish-born Cuban baseball player (d. 1964)

Person of interestPablo Picasso

1881-10-25 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (3 Dancers, Guernica), born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1973)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 1881-12-24 Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spanish poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956), born in Moguer, Spain (d. 1958)
  • 1882-06-21 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • 1882-09-13 Ramón Grau, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, born in La Palma, Spanish Cuba (d. 1969)
  • 1882-09-28 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, essayist/philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1882-12-09 Joaquín Turina, Spanish pianist and composer (Rima), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1949)
  • 1883-03-14 Juan Manén, Spanish composer and violinist, born in Barcelona (d. 1971)
  • 1883-05-06 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1955)
  • 1883-07-29 Manuel Infante, Spanish composer/conductor
  • 1883-09-15 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician, scientist and engineer, born in Barcelona (d. 1950)
  • 1884-02-02 Julius Deutsch, Austria politician and general in the Spanish republican army, born in Lackenbach, Austria-Hungary (d. 1968)
  • 1886-02-28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • 1886-05-17 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), born in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1941)
  • 1886-07-23 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) and diplomat, born in La Coruña, Spain (d.
  • 1886-08-05 Óscar Esplá Spanish composer, born in Alicante, Spain (d. 1976)
  • 1886-10-04 Luis Alberni, Spanish character actor (The Lady Eve, Topaze), born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1962)
  • 1887-02-03 Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • 1887-03-23 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • 1887-08-08 Esme Percy, British actor (Murder!, Pygmalion, Old Spanish Custom), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1887-09-26 Antonio Moreno, Spanish actor and director (It, Careers), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1967)
  • 1887-10-24 Victoria von Battenberg, Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso XIII, born in Balmoral Castle, Scotland (d. 1969)
  • 1887-11-23 Eduardo Corrochio, Spanish-born dancer (d. 1943)
  • 1888-06-18 Margarita Xirgu, Catalan stage actress, director and political radical (Bloody Wedding, Mariana Pineda), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1969)
  • 1888-08-31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (La Obra de Trajano), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1928)
  • 1889-05-23 José Padilla, Almería, Spanish composer and pianist (La Violetera - City Lights, Ça c'est Paris - Moulin Rouge)
  • 1890-03-03 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • 1891-09-11 William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1949)
  • 1891-11-27 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • 1892-05-23 Rafael Moreno Aranzadi [Pichichi], Spanish soccer forward (5 caps; Athletic Bilbao), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1922)

Person of interestFrancisco Franco

1892-12-04 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1893-02-21 Andres Segovia, Spanish classical guitarist, born in Linares, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1893-04-16 Federico Mompou, Spanish composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1987)
  • 1893-04-20 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1893-05-16 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance (1925-30)
  • 1895-01-13 Fortunio Bonanova, Palma de Mallorca Spain, opera singer
  • 1895-01-21 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
  • 1895-06-18 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian
  • 1895-11-28 José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor, born in Valencia, Spain (d. 1980)
  • 1895-12-09 Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer, born in Barcelona (d. 1936)
  • 1896-04-17 Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist (his hand acts as a puppet) and comedian, born in Peñaranda de Bracamonte, Salamanca, Spain (d. 1999)
  • 1896-07-14 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1896-10-03 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1987)
  • 1897-05-20 Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
  • 1897-09-13 Gaspar Cassadó, Spanish cellist and composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1966)
  • 1897-09-18 Pablo Sorozábal, Spanish composer, born in San Sebastián, Spain (d. 1988)
  • 1898-02-08 Andrés Soriano, Spanish Filipino industrialist (San Miguel Brewery, Philippine Airlines), born in Manila, Spanish Philippines (d. 1964)
  • 1898-04-26 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1984)
  • 1898-05-18 Juan J Domenchina, Spanish poet/interpreter (sombra desterrada)
  • 1898-06-03 Rosa Chacel, spanish novelist, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1994)
  • 1898-06-05 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet and dramatist (Blood Wedding), born in Fuente Vaqueros, Granada, Andalucía, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1898-09-12 Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1963)
  • 1898-10-22 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • 1899-03-04 Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • 1899-05-11 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1899-08-12 Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)
  • 1900-01-01 Xavier Cugat, Spanish American bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo), born in Girona, Catalonia (d. 1990)
  • 1900-02-22 Luis Buñuel, Calanda Spain, Spanish surrealist film director (Belle de Jour)
  • 1901-01-21 Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978)
  • 1901-11-22 Joaquín Rodrigo, Spanish composer, born in Sagunto, Spain (d. 1999)
  • 1901-12-21 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer, born in Portugalete, Spain (d. 1982)
  • 1902-07-01 José Luis Sert, Spanish-American architect and urban developer, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1903-04-24 Jose A Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (founder of Spanish Falange), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1903-12-13 Carlos Montoya, American flamenco guitarist (Suite Flamenco 1966), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1993)
  • 1903-12-16 Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (El hombre deshabitado)
  • 1904-04-01 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1904-04-23 Duncan Renaldo, Spanish actor (The Cisco Kid, The Gay Amigo), born in Oancea, Romania (d. 1980)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 461

  • 1764-09-26 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, dies at 89
  • 1766-06-11 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), dies at 73
  • 1766-07-11 Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
  • 1766-07-20 Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain, dies
  • 1770-04-28 Marie-Anne de Cupis de Camargo, French dancer, dies at 60
  • 1773-08-20 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, dies at 72
  • 1779-12-15 Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, Spanish theorist and composer, dies at 62
  • 1781-11-02 Jose F de Isla, Spanish Jesuit/author, dies at 78

Person of interestJunípero Serra

1784-08-28 Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary priest who founded the 1st missions in California, dies at 70

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
  • 1786-11-30 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), dies of typhus at 40
  • 1788-12-14 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) & King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), dies at 72
  • 1791-09-17 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), dies at 40
  • 1795-07-03 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1798-01-09 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • 1803-02-03 Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes y Pérez, 1st Count of Campomanes, Spanish economist and literary, dies at 79
  • 1811-07-31 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • 1815-12-22 Jose Maria Morelos, Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards
  • 1817-01-12 Juan Andres, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1740)
  • 1819-01-20 Carlos IV [English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • 1824-06-14 Agustín de Betancourt, Spanish civil engineer (steam engines, hot air balloons), dies at 68
  • 1826-01-17 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (b. 1806)
  • 1828-04-16 Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter and printmaker (The Third of May 1808), dies at 82
  • 1829-05-18 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, dies at 35
  • 1830-01-07 Infanta Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain and wife of John VI of Portugal, dies at 53
  • 1833-01-07 Ramón Cuéllar y Altarriba, Spanish composer, dies at 55
  • 1833-09-29 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, dies at 48
  • 1837-02-13 Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
  • 1842-05-23 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
  • 1842-10-24 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • 1844-07-28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain, dies at 76
  • 1851-10-04 Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (b. 1767)
  • 1853-01-09 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1853-11-23 Francisco Andrevi y Castellar, Spanish choirmaster and composer, dies at 67
  • 1855-03-17 Ramon Carnicer y Batlle, Spanish composer, dies at 65
  • 1857-03-11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author and poet (A la paz), dies at 84
  • 1865-12-06 Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (Arreglito), dies at 56
  • 1870-09-11 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 1870-12-30 ... Prim, Spanish general, murdered
  • 1878-02-17 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, dies at 59
  • 1878-06-26 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, dies at 18
  • 1878-08-22 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), dies at 72
  • 1880-03-26 Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, Spanish composer, dies at 62
  • 1885-07-15 Rosalia de Castro, Spanish writer and poet in the Galician language ('Séculos Escuros') (b. 1837)
  • 1885-11-25 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), dies at 27
  • 1890-01-18 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • 1893-01-23 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1895-01-04 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, dies at 66
  • 1895-05-19 Jose J Marti y Perez, Spanish/Cuban poet (Versos sencillos), dies
  • 1896-11-13 Antonio Peña y Goñi, Spanish composer, dies at 50
  • 1901-02-12 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Colon), dies at 83
  • 1901-02-25 Jose Rogel, Spanish composer, dies at 71
  • 1901-05-13 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), dies at 49
  • 1902-04-17 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (b. 1822)
  • 1903-02-12 Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
  • 1904-04-09 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1906-02-26 Manuel Fernandez Caballero, Spanish composer, dies at 70
  • 1906-03-01 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist, dies at 73
  • 1906-04-18 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 59
  • 1908-07-18 Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (Mexican national anthem), dies at 83
  • 1908-07-20 Federico Chueca, Spanish composer, dies at 62
  • 1908-09-20 Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (Spanish Dancer), dies at 64
  • 1909-03-25 Ruperto Chapi, Spanish composer, dies at 57
  • 1909-05-18 Isaac Albéniz, Spanish pianist & composer (Suite española, Tango in D), dies from nephritis at 48
  • 1909-10-13 Francisco Ferrer, Spanish anarchist, executed
  • 1912-11-11 Jose Canalejas Y Mendez, premier Spain, murdered
  • 1912-11-12 Jose Canalejas bon Mendez, premier of Spain (1910-12), murdered at 58
  • 1916-09-04 José Echegaray, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1904), dies at 84
  • 1916-12-20 Manuel Giro, Spanish composer, dies at 68
  • 1918-07-16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., dies at 52
  • 1918-10-16 Felix Arndt, American composer, dies during the Spanish Flu pandemic at 29
  • 1920-01-04 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), dies at 76
  • 1920-09-15 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, dies at 79
  • 1921-05-12 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), dies at 68
  • 1922-03-01 Rafael Moreno Aranzadi [Pichichi], Spanish soccer forward (5 caps; Athletic Bilbao), dies from typhus at 29
  • 1925-12-01 Vicente Arregui Garay, Spanish composer, dies at 54

Person of interestAntoni Gaudi

1926-06-10 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), dies after being hit by a tram at 73

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Antoni Gaudi
  • 1927-05-11 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter, dies at 40
  • 1928-06-17 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (Virulo, mocedades), dies at 39
  • 1929-02-08 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, dies at 71
  • 1929-02-27 Manuel Manrique de Lara, Spanish composer (The Oresteia), dies at 65
  • 1930-02-26 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1932-09-05 Francisco Acebal, Spanish novelist, playwright and journalist (b. 1866)
  • 1933-02-26 Antoni Nicolau, Spanish composer and conductor, dies at 74
  • 1934-10-17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), dies at 82
  • 1935-09-19 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), dies at 90
  • 1936-03-30 Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer, dies at 40
  • 1936-07-13 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1936-07-20 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, dies at 64
  • 1936-08-11 Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1936-08-19 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet/composer, murdered at 37 or 38
  • 1936-10-29 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), dies at 61
  • 1936-11-19 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchists army leader, dies in battle
  • 1936-11-20 Jose A Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (founder of Spanish Falange), executed at 33
  • 1937-07-26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • 1937-11-04 Rogelio del Villar, Spanish composer, dies at 61
  • 1939-02-22 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), dies at 63
  • 1939-04-09 Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, Spanish composer, dies at 89
  • 1939-11-12 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), dies of blood poisoning from a cut on his finger from operating on a wounded soldier at 49
  • 1940-10-11 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), shot at 58

Person of interestManuel Azaña

1940-11-04 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), dies of a heart attack at 60 while in exile in France

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña