Spanish History (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 777

  • 1812-10-22 Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
  • 1813-11-06 Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
  • 1814-05-04 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism
  • 1816-07-09 Argentina declares independence from Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1817-01-18 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1818-02-12 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1818-03-16 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín
  • 1818-04-05 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
  • 1819-02-22 Spain renounces claims to Oregon Country, Florida (Adams-Onís Treaty)
  • 1819-08-07 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • 1819-12-17 Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain
  • 1820-10-20 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 1821-02-22 Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • 1821-07-17 Spain cedes Florida to the US
  • 1821-07-28 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1821-09-15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1821-09-27 Mexican revolutionary forces led by Agustín de Iturbide occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw, bringing an end to the Mexican War of Independence

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide
  • 1821-11-28 Panama declares independence from Spain
  • 1821-12-01 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822-05-24 Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1824-08-06 Battle at Junan - Simon Bolívar's army defeats the Spanish

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1824-12-09 Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1836-05-07 The settlement of Mayagüez elevates Puerto Rico to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain
  • 1836-12-28 Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • 1837-06-18 Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1839-07-02 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another
  • 1841-03-09 US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free
  • 1844-11-06 Spain grants Dominican Republic independence
  • 1848-10-28 The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
  • 1858-04-15 Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • 1859-10-29 Spain declares war on Morocco
  • 1861-05-14 The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain
  • 1865-03-25 Battle of Mobile, Alabama (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
  • 1865-03-27 Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1865-08-16 Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
  • 1865-11-26 Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1865-12-05 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1866-01-20 Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
  • 1866-03-31 The Spanish navy bombards the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile
  • 1866-05-02 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao
  • 1868-09-23 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • 1868-09-28 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • 1868-09-30 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • 1868-10-10 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • 1870-11-16 Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
  • 1871-01-02 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 1873-02-11 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • 1875-09-29 US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
  • 1877-07-10 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain
  • 1878-02-10 Pact of Zanjón signed between Cubans rebels and the Spanish bringing the 10 Years War to an end
  • 1881-08-04 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)

  • 1886-10-07 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • 1888-05-04 Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • 1892-07-07 Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia
  • 1895-01-31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • 1895-03-11 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • 1895-03-26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1896-08-30 Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. Including provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite and Nueva Ecija

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-10-06 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1896-12-30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1897-02-17 Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1897-11-25 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • 1898-02-10 Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War is signed by President McKinley; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico & Guam
  • 1898-04-11 President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • 1898-04-21 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain
  • 1898-04-22 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
  • 1898-04-24 Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • 1898-04-25 Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898-05-01 US Admiral George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US route Spanish fleet at Manila

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 1898-06-10 US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • 1898-06-11 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • 1898-06-12 Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain
  • 1898-06-15 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • 1898-06-21 US captures Guam from Spain during the Spanish-American War
  • 1898-06-24 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba
  • 1898-07-03 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • 1898-07-04 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
  • 1898-07-17 Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • 1898-07-28 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • 1898-08-12 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
  • 1898-08-13 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-American War
  • 1898-12-10 Spanish-American War formally ended by the Treaty of Paris; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico & Guam
  • 1899-01-01 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • 1899-02-06 Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate
  • 1899-04-11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • 1900-11-05 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention
  • 1902-05-30 Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
  • 1902-05-31 Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law
  • 1904-09-29 1st monument honoring Spanish American War erected (Monroeville Ohio)
  • 1904-10-03 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1907-05-16 In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa
  • 1912-03-05 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1912-11-27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • 1917-08-13 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • 1918-03-04 First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
  • 1918-03-11 First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas
  • 1918-10-31 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • 1920-05-16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • 1920-09-20 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1921-03-08 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 729

  • 1951-07-22 Steven Springer, Port of Spain, Trinidad, guitarist and songwriter (Sir Lancelot Pinard), (d. 2012)
  • 1951-07-28 Santiago Calatrava, Spanish architect
  • 1951-09-20 Javier Marías, Spanish author, translator and academic
  • 1951-11-25 Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter
  • 1952-08-03 Loles León, Spanish actress
  • 1952-09-07 Ricardo Tormo, Spanish motocyclist (d. 1998)
  • 1952-10-19 Veronica Judith Sainz Castro, Mexican spanish singer/actress (Nana)
  • 1953-02-25 José María Aznar, former Prime Minister of Spain
  • 1954-01-23 Franco De Vita, Venezuelan spanish singer (Extranjero), born in Caracas
  • 1954-04-15 Emmanuel, spanish singer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1954-06-22 Amparo Munoz, Malgra Spain, Miss Universe (1974)
  • 1954-06-25 Lina Romay, actress (Conan the Barbarian), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1954-09-25 Juande Ramos, Spanish Football Manager
  • 1955-01-26 Lucia Mendez, Mexican actress and singer (Lucia es Luna Moreno), born in León, Guanajuato, Mexico
  • 1955-10-03 Ángela Molina, Spanish actress (Lola, Streets of Gold, Half of Heaven), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1955-12-01 Verónica Forqué, Spanish actress
  • 1956-01-10 Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish writer (Royal Spanish Academy), born in Úbeda, Jaén, Spain
  • 1956-04-03 Miguel Bose, Panamanian-born Spanish singer and actor (El Avaro, Queen Margot), born in Panama City
  • 1956-08-02 Isabel Pantoja, Spanish spanish singer (Genio y Figura)
  • 1956-08-17 Álvaro Pino, Spanish cyclist
  • 1957-01-08 Nacho Duato, Spanish classical dancer and choreographer
  • 1957-02-15 Bienvenida Buck, Spanish lover of Peter Harding, born in Velencia Spain
  • 1957-03-15 Víctor Muñoz, Spanish football manager
  • 1957-04-09 Ednita Nazario, Ponce PR, spanish singer

Person of interestSeve Ballesteros

1957-04-09 Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer (British Open 1979, 84, 88), born in Pedrena, Spain (d. 2011)

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Seve Ballesteros
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Seve Ballesteros
  • 1957-11-12 Marta Figueras-Dotti, LPGA golfer (1994 Hawaiian Open), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1958-02-07 Manuel Mijares, Mexican spanish vocalist (Maria Bonita)
  • 1958-04-24 Fernando Luna, Spanish tennis star, born in Ciudad Real, Spain
  • 1958-05-06 Lolita Flores, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1958-05-30 Michael E Lopez-Alegria, Lt Cmdr/astro (STS 73, sk 92), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1958-11-11 Luz Casal, Spanish singer
  • 1959-02-21 José María Cano, Spanish musician
  • 1959-07-04 Victoria Abril, [Victoria Rojas], actress (Libertarias), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1959-11-09 Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer
  • 1959-11-16 Bert Cameron, Spanish Town Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic silver 1988)
  • 1959-12-14 Franco Iglesia, Cuba, spanish singer
  • 1959-12-28 Ana Torroja, Spanish singer (Mecano)
  • 1960-04-15 Pedro Delgado, Spanish cyclist
  • 1960-04-16 Rafael Benítez, Spanish football manager
  • 1960-05-07 Almudena Grandes, Spanish novelist (Las edades de Lulú), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-06-06 Lola Forner, Alicante SW Spain, Miss Spain (1979)
  • 1960-08-04 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician

Person of interestAntonio Banderas

1960-08-10 Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor (Philadelphia, Evita, Zorro), born in Malaga, Spain

  • 1960-10-08 Lorenzo Milá, Spanish newscaster
  • 1961-06-11 María Barranco, Spanish actress
  • 1961-06-21 Manu Chao, Spanish musician
  • 1961-08-02 Pete de Freitas, rock drummer (Echo & the Bunnyman), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad (d. 1989)
  • 1961-10-23 Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer
  • 1961-11-24 Carlos Carnero, Spanish member of parliament
  • 1962-01-23 Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer and journalist
  • 1962-02-09 Diego Perez, Spanish tennis star
  • 1962-03-22 Juan Aguilera, Spanish tennis star
  • 1962-08-03 Alberto Tous, Spanish tennis star
  • 1962-09-08 Sergio Casal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1962-09-11 Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer
  • 1962-09-28 Luis Enrique, spanish singer (Luces del Alma)
  • 1963-02-11 José Mari Bakero, Spanish footballer
  • 1963-03-14 Pedro Duque, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-03-26 Amparo Larrañaga, Spanish actress
  • 1963-04-07 Jaime de Marichalar, duke of Lugo, Spanish royalty
  • 1963-06-15 Blanca Portillo, Spanish actress
  • 1963-07-22 Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
  • 1963-09-14 Antonia Real, Spanish 400m freestyle (Olympic-1976)
  • 1963-09-30 Cristina Marsillach, actress (Barocco), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-11-04 Rosario Flores, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1963-12-20 Infanta Elena of Spain
  • 1964-04-23 Martin Lopez-Zubero, Spanish backstroke swimmer (world record 200m)
  • 1964-06-25 Emma Suárez, Spanish actress
  • 1964-07-16 Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist (Tour de France winner 1991-95)
  • 1964-08-29 Jordi Arrese, Spanish tennis star
  • 1964-09-16 Rossy de Palma, Spanish actress
  • 1964-11-11 Anabel Alonso, Spanish actress
  • 1964-12-28 Maite Zúñiga, Spanish athlete
  • 1965-01-21 Tania Abitbol, LPGA golfer (1994 US Women's Open-4th), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-03-16 Belén Rueda, Spanish actress
  • 1965-05-29 Emilio Sanchez, Tennis player (1988 Olympic bronze), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-07-17 Santiago Segura, Spanish film director and actor
  • 1965-10-21 Ion Andoni Goikoetxea, Spanish footballer
  • 1965-12-04 Álex de la Iglesia, Spanish film director
  • 1966-05-08 Marta Sánchez, Spanish singer
  • 1966-06-02 Pedro Guerra, Spanish songwriter and singer
  • 1966-09-05 Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1966-10-01 Cuco Ziganda, Spanish footballer
  • 1966-11-05 Nayim, Spanish footballer
  • 1966-11-18 Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1967-01-01 Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish film director
  • 1967-01-19 Javier Cámara, Spanish actor
  • 1967-04-12 Mellow Man Ace, Cuban-American rapper and actor (Only the Strong), born in Pinar del Río, Pinar del Río, Cuba
  • 1967-06-12 Icíar Bollaín, Spanish actress, director and writer
  • 1967-08-11 Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer
  • 1968-01-15 Iñaki Urdangarín, Spanish royalty

Person of interestFelipe VI

1968-01-30 Felipe VI [Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia], King of Spain (2014-), born in Madrid, Spain

King of Spain Felipe VI
King of Spain
Felipe VI
  • 1968-02-01 Javier Sanchez, Spanish tennis star
  • 1968-03-23 Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer
  • 1968-04-19 Pascal Kleiman, Spanish DJ, producer, musician
  • 1968-04-22 Carlos Costa, Spanish tennis star
  • 1968-05-13 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (d. 1997)
  • 1968-05-26 Fernando León de Aranoa, Spanish film director
  • 1968-08-07 Tomas Carbonell, tennis star, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1968-10-13 Carlos Marin, Spanish baritone (Il Divo)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths