Spanish History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 853

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1899-02-06 Spanish–American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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  • 1899-04-11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • 1900-11-05 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish–American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention
  • 1902-05-30 Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
  • 1902-05-31 Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law
  • 1904-09-29 1st monument honoring Spanish–American War erected, in Monroeville, Ohio
  • 1904-10-03 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1907-05-16 In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa
  • 1912-03-05 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1912-11-27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • 1917-08-13 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

1918-03-11 US Army mess cook Private Albert Gitchell of Fort Riley, Kansas becomes the first documented case of Spanish flu; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million

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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
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Historic DiscoverySpanish Flu

1918-10-31 Spanish flu kills 21,000 people in the US in a single week

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Staff of the American Red Cross remove a Spanish flu victim from a house in St. Louis, Missouri, during the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic
Staff of the American Red Cross remove a Spanish flu victim from a house in St. Louis, Missouri, during the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic
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  • 1920-05-16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • 1920-09-20 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1921-03-08 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.

  • 1921-04-13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1921-11-14 The Communist Party of Spain is founded
  • 1923-01-09 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1923-01-29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1923-09-13 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera
  • 1923-09-14 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • 1924-12-12 Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1925-04-23 Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco
  • 1925-06-22 Spain and France fight Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926-02-25 Francisco Franco becomes Spain's youngest general at 33

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1926-03-17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • 1926-07-03 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Briton Kitty Godfree wins her second Wimbledon singles title with a 6-2, 4-6, 6-3 victory over Spaniard Lilí Álvarez
  • 1926-08-10 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed
  • 1926-09-11 Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
  • 1927-04-25 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

1927-07-02 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Spaniard Lilí Álvarez 6-2, 6-4 for her first of 8 Wimbledon titles

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • 1929-03-17 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
  • 1931-02-14 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
  • 1931-03-18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • 1931-04-12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy

  • 1931-04-14 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • 1931-08-02 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • 1931-10-01 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • 1931-10-14 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • 1931-12-09 Spain becomes a republic

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1931-12-10 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain with Niceto Zamora as President

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1932-09-09 Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
  • 1933-01-12 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
  • 1933-05-09 Spanish anarchists call for general strike

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1933-06-03 Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain"

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1933-06-09 Spanish president Zamora takes power
  • 1933-07-28 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1933-09-08 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms
  • 1933-09-12 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933-10-08 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • 1933-11-05 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
  • 1933-11-19 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 1933-12-17 Spain's 2nd government of Lerroux forms
  • 1934-04-28 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1936-02-16 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
  • 1936-02-19 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time
  • 1936-05-10 Manuel Azaña elected the second President of the Spanish Republic
  • 1936-05-13 Quiroga government takes office in Spain
  • 1936-07-17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War
  • 1936-07-18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco
  • 1936-07-19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • 1936-07-24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • 1936-07-26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1936-09-04 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • 1936-09-04 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier
  • 1936-09-21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • 1936-10-01 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • 1936-10-20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • 1936-11-18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
  • 1937-01-15 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1937-02-21 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937-03-20 Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain
  • 1937-04-26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1937-05-17 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • 1937-05-31 German warships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • 1937-07-01 Spanish bishops support Francisco Franco and his fascist movement
  • 1937-07-05 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • 1937-07-19 Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
  • 1937-07-26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937-08-24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • 1937-08-24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1937-09-01 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • 1937-09-05 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls
  • 1937-09-06 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco
  • 1937-09-22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1937-10-31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona

PlaneItalian Air Force Bombs Barcelona

1938-03-17 The Italian Air Force, in support of Francisco Franco, bombs Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War

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The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
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  • 1938-05-03 Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
  • 1938-05-25 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • 1938-07-25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • 1938-12-06 117 Spanish knights under capt Piet Laros return to Netherlands
  • 1939-01-24 Spanish government moves to Figueras
  • 1939-02-06 Spanish government flees to France
  • 1939-02-22 Netherlands recognizes Franco regime in Spain
  • 1939-02-27 Britain and France recognize Francisco Franco's government in Spain
  • 1939-02-28 Great Britain recognizes Franco regime in Spain
  • 1939-03-28 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to the Nationalists headed by Francisco Franco
  • 1939-04-01 US recognizes Francisco Franco's government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 788

  • 1958-11-11 Luz Casal, Spanish singer, born in Boimorto, Spain
  • 1959-02-21 José María Cano, Spanish musician
  • 1959-07-04 Victoria Abril [Rojas], Spanish actress (Libertarias), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1959-11-09 Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1959-11-16 Bert Cameron, Spanish Town Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic silver 1988)
  • 1959-12-14 Franco [Iglesias], Cuban Latin pop singer ("Toda la Vida"; "María"), born in Cuba
  • 1959-12-28 Ana Torroja, Spanish pop singer (Mecano), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-04-15 Pedro Delgado, Spanish cyclist, born in Segovia, Castile and León, Spain
  • 1960-04-16 Rafael Benítez, Spanish football manager, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-05-07 Almudena Grandes, Spanish novelist (Las edades de Lulú), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-06-06 Lola Forner, Spanish actress (Wheels on Meals, Armour of God) and Miss Spain 1979, born in Alicante, Spain
  • 1960-08-04 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician

Person of interestAntonio Banderas

1960-08-10 Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor (Philadelphia, Evita, Zorro), born in Malaga, Spain

  • 1960-10-08 Lorenzo Milá, Spanish newscaster, born in Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona
  • 1961-06-11 María Barranco, Spanish actress (Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown), born in Málaga, Andalusia, Spain
  • 1961-06-21 Manu Chao, Spanish musician
  • 1961-08-02 Pete de Freitas, English rock drummer (Echo & the Bunnyman), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1989)
  • 1961-10-23 Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer
  • 1961-11-24 Carlos Carnero, Spanish member of parliament
  • 1962-01-23 Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer & journalist, born in Cádiz, Spain
  • 1962-02-09 Diego Perez, Spanish tennis star
  • 1962-03-22 Juan Aguilera, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1962-08-03 Alberto Tous, Spanish tennis star, born in Palma, Spain
  • 1962-09-08 Sergio Casal, Spanish tennis player (Olympic silver 1988), born in Barcelona
  • 1962-09-11 Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer (Barcelona), born in Bilbao, Spain
  • 1962-09-28 Luis Enrique, spanish singer (Luces del Alma)

Person of interestCarles Puigdemont

1962-12-29 Carles Puigdemont [i Casamajó], Catalan politician and nationalist (President of Catalonia, 2016-17), born in Amer, Catalonia, Spain

President of Catalonia Carles Puigdemont
President of Catalonia
Carles Puigdemont
  • 1963-02-11 José Mari Bakero, Spanish footballer, born in Goizueta, Spain
  • 1963-03-14 Pedro Duque, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-03-26 Amparo Larrañaga, Spanish actress
  • 1963-04-07 Jaime de Marichalar, duke of Lugo, Spanish royalty
  • 1963-06-15 Blanca Portillo, Spanish actress
  • 1963-06-25 Yann Martel, Spanish-Canadian author (Life of Pi), born in Salamanca, Spain
  • 1963-07-22 Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
  • 1963-09-14 Antonia Real, Spanish 400m freestyle (Olympic-1976), born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  • 1963-09-30 Cristina Marsillach, actress (Barocco), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-11-04 Rosario Flores, Spanish singer (Muchas Flores) and actress, born in Madrid
  • 1963-12-20 Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1964-06-25 Emma Suárez, Spanish actress (El Perro del Hortelano), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1964-07-16 Miguel Induráin, Spanish cyclist (Tour de France winner 1991-95), born in Villava, Spain
  • 1964-08-29 Jordi Arrese, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1964-09-16 Rossy de Palma, Spanish actress (Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown), born in Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain
  • 1964-11-11 Anabel Alonso, Spanish actress (7 Vidas ), born in Barakaldo, Spain
  • 1964-11-29 Cork Graham [Frederick Graham], American journalist, actor and author, born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
  • 1964-12-28 Maite Zúñiga, Spanish athlete, born in Eibar, Spain
  • 1965-03-16 Belén Rueda, Spanish actress
  • 1965-05-29 Emilio Sánchez, Spanish tennis player (1988 Olympic bronze, Hopman Cup 1990), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-07-17 Santiago Segura, Spanish film director and actor, born in Carabanchel, Spain
  • 1965-10-21 Ion Andoni Goikoetxea, Spanish footballer
  • 1965-12-04 Álex de la Iglesia, Spanish film director (As Luck Would Have It), born in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain
  • 1966-05-08 Marta Sánchez, Spanish singer (De Mujer a Mujer), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1966-06-02 Pedro Guerra, Spanish singer-songwriter, born in Güímar, Tenerife
  • 1966-09-05 Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1966-10-01 Cuco Ziganda, Spanish soccer striker and manager (2 caps; Athletic Bilbao 255 games), born in Larraintzar, Spain
  • 1966-11-05 Nayim [Mohamed Alí Amar], Spanish footballer, born in Ceuta, Spain
  • 1966-11-18 Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1967-01-01 Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish film director
  • 1967-01-19 Javier Cámara, Spanish actor, born in Albelda de Iregua, Spain
  • 1967-06-12 Icíar Bollaín, Spanish actress, director and screenwriter, born in Madrid
  • 1967-08-11 Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer
  • 1968-01-15 Iñaki Urdangarín, Spanish handball player & royal, born in Basque Country, Spain

Person of interestFelipe VI

1968-01-30 Felipe VI [Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia], King of Spain (2014-), born in Madrid, Spain

King of Spain Felipe VI
King of Spain
Felipe VI
  • 1968-03-23 Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer
  • 1968-04-19 Pascal Kleiman, French DJ, producer and musician, born in Toulouse, France
  • 1968-04-22 Carlos Costa, Spanish tennis star
  • 1968-05-13 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (d. 1997)
  • 1968-05-26 Fernando León de Aranoa, Spanish film director
  • 1968-08-07 Tomas Carbonell, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1968-10-13 Carlos Marín, Spanish baritone (Il Divo), born in Mörfelden-Walldorf, Germany
  • 1968-10-24 Francisco Claver, Spanish tennis star
  • 1968-11-05 Aitana Sánchez-Gijón, Spanish actress (A Walk in the Clouds), born in Rome, Lazio, Italy
  • 1968-12-12 Tatianna, Spanish singer (Baile Commigo, Chicad de Hoy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1968-12-18 Alejandro Sanz, Spanish singer (Más), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1969-01-23 Ariadna Gil, Spanish actress, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1969-02-16 Fermín Cacho, Spanish middle distance athlete (Olympic gold 1,500m 92, silver 96), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1969-02-22 Joaquín Cortés, Spanish dancer, born in Córdoba, Spain
  • 1969-03-01 Javier Bardem, Spanish actor
  • 1969-04-23 Martín López-Zubero, Spanish backstroke swimmer (world record 200m), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1969-09-24 Goya Toledo, Spanish actress and model (Amores Perros), born in Arrecife, Spain
  • 1969-10-07 Javier Álvarez, Spanish singer-songwriter, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1969-10-19 DJ Sammy [Samuel Bouriah], Spanish DJ, born in Mallorca
  • 1969-12-18 Santiago Cañizares, Spanish footballer
  • 1970-01-22 Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist, born in Anoeta, Spain
  • 1970-03-30 Mark Consuelos, American actor (All My Children, 1996-1001,2010 -"Mateo Santos"), and husband of Kelly Ripa, born in Zaragosa, Spain
  • 1970-04-19 Luis Miguel, Puerto Rican-Mexican spanish singer (Me Gustas Tal Como Eres), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1970-06-06 Albert Ferrer, Spanish soccer defender, coach (Spain 36 caps, FC Barcelona, Chelsea), born in Barcelona, Catalonia
  • 1970-10-02 Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1970-11-28 Álex López Morón, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1971-01-16 Sergei Bruguera, Spanish tennis star, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1971-01-18 Pep Guardiola, Spanish football midfielder & manager (Spain 47 caps, manager Barcelona, Bayern Munich, Manchester City), born in Santpedor, Spain
  • 1971-02-24 Pedro de la Rosa, Spanish Formula One driver
  • 1971-07-26 Neus Ávila, Spanish tennis star (Futures-Valencia-ESP 1995), born in Spain
  • 1971-09-03 Chabeli Iglesias, daughter of Julio Iglesias, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1971-10-06 Lola Dueñas, Spanish actress
  • 1971-11-08 Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1971-12-31 Ricardo López Felipe, Spanish footballer, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1972-02-14 Najwa Nimri, Spanish actress, born in Pamplona, Spain
  • 1972-02-29 Pedro Sánchez, Spanish economist and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (2018-), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1972-03-31 Alejandro Amenábar, Spanish film director
  • 1972-04-16 Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player (Wimbledon 1994), born in Monzón, Huesca, Spain

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths