Spanish History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 851

Spain Declares War Against the United States

1900-11-05 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish–American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention

  • 1902-05-30 Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
  • 1902-05-31 Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law
  • 1904-09-29 1st monument honoring Spanish–American War erected, in Monroeville, Ohio
  • 1904-10-03 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1907-05-16 In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa
  • 1912-03-05 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1912-11-27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • 1917-08-13 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent

The 1918 Flu Pandemic

1918-03-11 US Army mess cook Private Albert Gitchell of Fort Riley, Kansas becomes the first documented case of Spanish flu; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million

  • 1920-05-16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • 1920-09-20 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1921-03-08 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1921-04-13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1921-11-14 The Communist Party of Spain is founded
  • 1923-01-09 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1923-01-29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1923-09-13 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera
  • 1923-09-14 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • 1924-12-12 Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1925-04-23 Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco
  • 1925-06-22 Spain and France fight Morocco

Historic Event

1926-02-25 Francisco Franco becomes Spain's youngest general at 33

  • 1926-03-17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • 1926-07-03 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Briton Kitty Godfree wins her second Wimbledon singles title with a 6-2, 4-6, 6-3 victory over Spaniard Lilí Álvarez
  • 1926-08-10 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed
  • 1926-09-11 Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
  • 1927-04-25 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

1927-07-02 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Spaniard Lilí Álvarez 6-2, 6-4 for her first of 8 Wimbledon titles

  • 1929-03-17 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
  • 1931-02-14 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
  • 1931-03-18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • 1931-04-12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • 1931-04-14 Spain becomes a republic with the overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • 1931-08-02 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • 1931-10-01 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • 1931-10-14 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • 1931-12-09 Spain becomes a republic

Election of Interest

1931-12-10 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain with Niceto Zamora as President

  • 1932-09-09 Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
  • 1933-01-12 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
  • 1933-05-09 Spanish anarchists call for general strike

Catholic Encyclical

1933-06-03 Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain"

  • 1933-06-09 Spanish president Niceto Alcalá-Zamora takes power
  • 1933-07-28 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1933-09-08 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms
  • 1933-09-12 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933-10-08 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • 1933-11-05 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
  • 1933-11-19 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 1933-12-17 Spain's 2nd government of Lerroux forms
  • 1934-04-28 Spanish government of Ricardo Samper forms
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1936-02-16 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
  • 1936-02-19 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time
  • 1936-05-10 Manuel Azaña elected the second President of the Spanish Republic
  • 1936-05-13 Quiroga government takes office in Spain
  • 1936-07-17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War
  • 1936-07-18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco
  • 1936-07-19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • 1936-07-24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • 1936-07-26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1936-09-04 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • 1936-09-04 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier
  • 1936-09-21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • 1936-10-01 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • 1936-10-20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • 1936-11-18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
  • 1937-01-15 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1937-02-21 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War
  • 1937-03-20 Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain
  • 1937-04-26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1937-05-17 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • 1937-05-31 German warships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • 1937-07-01 Spanish bishops support Francisco Franco and his fascist movement
  • 1937-07-05 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • 1937-07-19 Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
  • 1937-07-26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937-08-24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1937-08-24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • 1937-09-01 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • 1937-09-05 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls
  • 1937-09-06 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco
  • 1937-09-22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1937-10-31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 777

  • 1959-12-14 Franco [Iglesias], Cuban Latin pop singer ("Toda la Vida"; "María"), born in Cuba
  • 1959-12-28 Ana Torroja, Spanish pop singer (Mecano), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-04-15 Pedro Delgado, Spanish cyclist, born in Segovia, Castile and León, Spain
  • 1960-04-16 Rafael Benítez, Spanish football manager, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-05-07 Almudena Grandes, Spanish novelist (Las edades de Lulú), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1960-06-06 Lola Forner, Spanish actress (Wheels on Meals, Armour of God) and Miss Spain 1979, born in Alicante, Spain
  • 1960-08-04 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician

Antonio Banderas

1960-08-10 Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor (Philadelphia, Evita, Zorro), born in Malaga, Spain

  • 1960-10-08 Lorenzo Milá, Spanish newscaster, born in Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona
  • 1961-06-11 María Barranco, Spanish actress (Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown), born in Málaga, Andalusia, Spain
  • 1961-06-21 Manu Chao, Spanish musician, born in Paris, France
  • 1961-08-02 Pete de Freitas, English rock drummer (Echo & the Bunnyman), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1989)
  • 1961-10-23 Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer (Barcelona), born in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
  • 1961-11-24 Carlos Carnero, Spanish member of parliament
  • 1962-01-23 Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer & journalist, born in Cádiz, Spain
  • 1962-02-09 Diego Perez, Spanish tennis star
  • 1962-03-22 Juan Aguilera, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1962-09-08 Sergio Casal, Spanish tennis player (Olympic silver 1988), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1962-09-11 Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer (Barcelona), born in Bilbao, Spain
  • 1962-09-28 Luis Enrique, spanish singer (Luces del Alma)

Carles Puigdemont

1962-12-29 Carles Puigdemont [i Casamajó], Catalan politician and nationalist (President of Catalonia, 2016-17), born in Amer, Catalonia, Spain

  • 1963-02-11 José Mari Bakero, Spanish footballer, born in Goizueta, Spain
  • 1963-03-14 Pedro Duque, Spanish engineer and astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95, first Spanish person in space), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-03-26 Amparo Larrañaga, Spanish actress
  • 1963-04-07 Jaime de Marichalar, duke of Lugo, Spanish royalty
  • 1963-06-15 Blanca Portillo, Spanish stage and screen actress (Volver: Goya's Ghost), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-06-25 Yann Martel, Spanish-Canadian author (Life of Pi), born in Salamanca, Spain
  • 1963-07-22 Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
  • 1963-09-30 Cristina Marsillach, actress (Barocco), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1963-11-04 Rosario Flores, Spanish singer (Muchas Flores) and actress, born in Madrid
  • 1963-12-20 Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1964-06-25 Emma Suárez, Spanish actress (El Perro del Hortelano), born in Madrid, Spain

Miguel Induráin

1964-07-16 Miguel Induráin, Spanish cyclist (Tour de France winner 1991-95), born in Villava, Spain

  • 1964-08-29 Jordi Arrese, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1964-09-16 Rossy de Palma, Spanish actress (Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown), born in Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain
  • 1964-11-11 Anabel Alonso, Spanish actress (7 Vidas), born in Barakaldo, Spain
  • 1964-11-29 Cork Graham [Frederick Graham], American journalist, actor and author, born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
  • 1964-12-28 Maite Zúñiga, Spanish athlete, born in Eibar, Spain
  • 1965-03-16 Belén Rueda, Spanish actress
  • 1965-05-29 Emilio Sánchez, Spanish tennis player (1988 Olympic bronze, Hopman Cup 1990), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1965-07-17 Santiago Segura, Spanish film director and actor, born in Carabanchel, Spain
  • 1965-10-21 Ion Andoni Goikoetxea, Spanish footballer
  • 1965-12-04 Álex de la Iglesia, Spanish film director (As Luck Would Have It), born in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain
  • 1966-05-08 Marta Sánchez, Spanish singer (De Mujer a Mujer), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1966-06-02 Pedro Guerra, Spanish singer-songwriter, born in Güímar, Tenerife
  • 1966-09-05 Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1966-10-01 Cuco Ziganda, Spanish soccer striker and manager (2 caps; Athletic Bilbao 255 games), born in Larraintzar, Spain
  • 1966-11-05 Nayim [Mohamed Alí Amar], Spanish footballer, born in Ceuta, Spain
  • 1966-11-18 Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1967-01-01 Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish film director
  • 1967-01-19 Javier Cámara, Spanish actor, born in Albelda de Iregua, Spain
  • 1967-06-12 Icíar Bollaín, Spanish actress, director and screenwriter, born in Madrid
  • 1967-08-11 Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer
  • 1968-01-15 Iñaki Urdangarín, Spanish handball player & royal, born in Basque Country, Spain

Felipe VI

1968-01-30 Felipe VI [Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia], King of Spain (2014-), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1968-03-23 Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer
  • 1968-04-19 Pascal Kleiman, French DJ, producer and musician, born in Toulouse, France
  • 1968-04-22 Carlos Costa, Spanish tennis star, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1968-05-13 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (d. 1997)
  • 1968-05-26 Fernando León de Aranoa, Spanish film director
  • 1968-08-07 Tomas Carbonell, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1968-10-13 Carlos Marín, Spanish pop-opera baritone (Il Divo), born in Mörfelden-Walldorf, West Germany (d. 2021)
  • 1968-10-24 Francisco Claver, Spanish tennis star
  • 1968-11-05 Aitana Sánchez-Gijón, Spanish actress (A Walk in the Clouds), born in Rome, Lazio, Italy
  • 1968-12-12 Tatianna, Spanish singer (Baile Commigo, Chicad de Hoy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1968-12-18 Alejandro Sanz, Spanish singer (Más), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1969-01-23 Ariadna Gil, Spanish actress, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1969-02-16 Fermín Cacho, Spanish middle distance athlete (Olympic gold 1,500m 92, silver 96), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1969-02-22 Joaquín Cortés, Spanish dancer, born in Córdoba, Spain
  • 1969-03-01 Javier Bardem, Spanish actor
  • 1969-04-23 Martín López-Zubero, Spanish backstroke swimmer (world record 200m), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1969-09-24 Goya Toledo, Spanish actress and model (Amores Perros), born in Arrecife, Spain
  • 1969-10-07 Javier Álvarez, Spanish singer-songwriter, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1969-10-19 DJ Sammy [Samuel Bouriah], Spanish DJ, born in Mallorca
  • 1969-12-18 Santiago Cañizares, Spanish footballer
  • 1970-01-22 Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist, born in Anoeta, Spain
  • 1970-03-30 Mark Consuelos, American actor (All My Children, 1996-1001,2010 -"Mateo Santos"), and husband of Kelly Ripa, born in Zaragosa, Spain
  • 1970-04-19 Luis Miguel, Puerto Rican-Mexican spanish singer (Me Gustas Tal Como Eres), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1970-06-06 Albert Ferrer, Spanish soccer defender, coach (Spain 36 caps, FC Barcelona, Chelsea), born in Barcelona, Catalonia
  • 1970-10-02 Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1970-11-28 Álex López Morón, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1971-01-16 Sergei Bruguera, Spanish tennis star, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1971-01-18 Pep Guardiola, Spanish football midfielder & manager (Spain 47 caps, manager Barcelona, Bayern Munich, Manchester City), born in Santpedor, Spain
  • 1971-02-24 Pedro de la Rosa, Spanish Formula One driver
  • 1971-07-26 Neus Ávila, Spanish tennis star (Futures-Valencia-ESP 1995), born in Spain
  • 1971-09-03 Chabeli Iglesias, daughter of Julio Iglesias, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1971-10-06 Lola Dueñas, Spanish actress
  • 1971-11-08 Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1971-12-31 Ricardo López Felipe, Spanish footballer, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1972-02-14 Najwa Nimri, Spanish actress, born in Pamplona, Spain

Pedro Sánchez

1972-02-29 Pedro Sánchez, Spanish economist and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (2018-), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1972-03-31 Alejandro Amenábar, Spanish film director

Conchita Martínez

1972-04-16 Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player (Wimbledon 1994; Federation Cup 1991, 93, 94, 95, 98) and coach (Garbiñe Muguruza, Karolína Plíšková), born in Monzón, Huesca, Spain

  • 1972-04-25 Sara Baras, Spanish flamenco dancer and choreographer, born in San Fernando, Cádiz, Spain
  • 1972-04-26 Kiko Narváez, Spanish footballer (Atlético Madrid), born in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain
  • 1972-05-11 Concha Buika [María Concepción Balboa Buika], Spanish singer ("Niña de Fuego"), born in Palma de Mallorca
  • 1972-08-09 Silvia Ramon-Cortes, Spanish tennis star (1994 Futures-Vigo), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1972-09-15 Queen Letizia of Spain, Spanish consort to King Felipe VI, born in Oviedo, Spain
  • 1972-12-07 Jordi Buritlo, Spanish tennis player, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1973-02-25 Julio Iglesias, Jr., Spanish model and pop singer ("One More Chance"), born in Madrid, Spain

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths