Sudanese History

Historical Events

  • 1821-06-14 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end
  • 1876-04-11 Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 1879-08-23 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1881-06-19 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1883-11-05 Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • 1884-03-13 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • 1885-01-17 Battle of Abu Klea (Battle of Abu Tulayh), Sudan: British Desert Column defeat Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • 1885-01-19 Battle of Abu Kru (Battle of Gubat), Sudan: British Desert Column defeat Mahdist forces: 121 British and untold Mahdists killed
  • 1890-04-06 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • 1890-04-27 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • 1891-01-01 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • 1891-02-18 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • 1891-02-24 French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896-09-21 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1898-04-08 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1898-07-12 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan

  • 1898-09-01 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan
  • 1898-09-02 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • 1898-09-18 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1898-09-29 French troops reach Guinea & Sudan, Samori caught
  • 1899-01-19 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • 1901-11-26 Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa
  • 1924-11-22 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • 1932-09-05 The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger
  • 1941-01-19 British troops occupies Kassalaf, Sudan
  • 1954-03-01 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die
  • 1956-01-01 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK
  • 1956-03-23 Sudan becomes independent
  • 1959-04-04 Mali Federation founded, consisting of Senegal & French Sudan (dissolved 1960)
  • 1960-09-22 Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France
  • 1964-11-15 Sudan Premier Ibrahim Abbud resigns
  • 1969-05-25 Sudanese government is overthrown in a military coup
  • 1971-07-19 Sudan military coup under maj Hashem al-Atta, Numeiry flees
  • 1971-07-22 Sudanese military counter-coup under premier Numeiry
  • 1973-04-12 Sudan adopts constitution
  • 1983-05-16 Sudan People's Liberation Army and Movement rebels against the Sudanese government

  • 1985-01-05 Thousands of Jewish refugees are airlifted from Sudan to Israel
  • 1985-04-06 Sudan suspends constitution after coup under general Swarreddahab
  • 1985-10-10 Sudan adopts interim constitution
  • 1986-08-16 Sudan rebels shoot a Fokker's F-27 down, 57 killed
  • 1989-06-30 Sudan suspends interim constitution following coup
  • 1991-01-20 Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.
  • 1992-03-24 Sudanese Boeing 707 crashes on mountain Hymettos at Athens: 5-6 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993-10-16 General Omar al-Bashir appointed Sudan president

President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir
President of Sudan
Omar al-Bashir
  • 1994-02-04 20 die in armed assault on mosque in Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1994-08-14 Terrorist "Carlos" arrested in Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1994-08-15 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal, captured in Khartoum Sudan
  • 1998-08-20 U.S. embassy bombings: US military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania
  • 2003-07-08 Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old boy who subsequently dies as a result of his injuries
  • 2004-04-08 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups
  • 2005-01-09 The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.
  • 2005-12-23 Chad declares a state of war against Sudan following a December 18 attack on Adré, which left about 100 people dead
  • 2006-05-05 The government of Sudan signs an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army
  • 2009-03-04 International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur becoming the first sitting head of state to be indicted
  • 2011-07-09 South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.
  • 2012-03-12 100 people are killed in ethnic clashes and cattle raids in South Sudan
  • 2012-08-19 32 people are killed after a plane crash in Talodi, Sudan
  • 2012-10-07 13 people are killed after a Sudanese military aeroplane crashes near Khartoum
  • 2012-11-01 Yellow fever kills 32 people and sickens 50 more in Darfur, Sudan
  • 2013-02-23 51 people are killed and 62 are injured in conflict between rival tribes in Darfur, Sudan
  • 2013-03-28 143 rebels and 20 government troop are killed in conflict in Pibor County, Sudan
  • 2013-04-08 163 people are killed and 50,000 are displaced after tribal violence erupts in Darfur, Sudan
  • 2013-04-09 12 civilians and UN peacekeepers are killed in an ambush in Jonglei, Sudan
  • 2013-05-02 60 miners are killed after a gold mine collapses in Jebel Amir, North Darfur, Sudan
  • 2013-07-30 134 people are killed in tribal conflicts in Darfyr, Sudan
  • 2013-10-20 78 people are killed by cattle raiders in Jonglei, Sudan
  • 2014-12-13 Fatou Bensouda, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, criticizes UN Security Council for its lack of action over war crimes in the Darfur region of Sudan
  • 2015-09-16 Oil tanker explosion kills 170 in Maridi, South Sudan
  • 2015-11-04 Plane crashes after take-off from Juba international airport, South Sudan, killing 37, 1 year old survives in father's arms

Famous Birthdays

  • 1858-09-09 Benjamin Kidel, English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • 1863-12-22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, French military officer & explorer in Africa, born in Thoissey, France (d. 1934)
  • 1887-05-27 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends) (d. 1918)
  • 1900-10-26 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • 1924-03-18 Madhussudan Rege, cricketer (15 runs in only Test India v WI 1948-49)
  • 1930-01-01 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry, premier/president (Sudan)
  • 1937-02-13 Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer, born in Omdurman, Sudan (d. 1992)
  • 1944-01-11 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1945-06-23 John Garang, Sudanese leader and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1977-04-16 Alek Wek, Sudanese supermodel, born in Wau, South Sudan
  • 1977-07-19 Haitham Mustafa, Sudanese footballer
  • 1978-11-28 Haytham Tambal, Sudanese footballer
  • 1985-04-16 Luol Deng, Sudanese-born British basketball player, born in Wau, South Sudan

Famous Deaths

  • 1885-01-26 Charles George Gordon, British Governor-General of Sudan, executed at 51
  • 1885-06-22 Mahdi [Muhammad Ahmed], Sudanese music reviewer, dies
  • 1899-11-24 Abdullah ibn Mohammed al-Ta'a'ishi, mahdi of Sudan (1883-99), dies

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

1916-06-05 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1924-11-19 Lee Stack, British sirdar in Egypt/gov-gen of Sudan, murdered
  • 1934-01-13 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70
  • 1943-03-23 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • 1951-09-07 María Montez [Vidal], Dominican actress known as The Queen of Technicolor (Cobra Woman, Arabian Nights), dies of heart seizure at 39
  • 1969-11-05 Itih Walracen, Sudanese widow of author William Walraven, dies
  • 1973-03-02 Cleo Noel, US ambassador to Sudan, assassinated
  • 1985-01-18 Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Muslim leader, hanged at 76
  • 1989-08-23 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (b. 1944)
  • 1990-08-24 Gailli AbedElrhman, Sudanese writer (b. 1931)
  • 1993-05-15 Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, Sudanese writer, poet, and diplomat (b. 1933)
  • 1996-01-17 Mostafa Sid Ahmed, Sudanese singer (b. 1953)
  • 2002-01-17 Bishop Karas, Sudanese-born American religious leader (b. 1955)
  • 2005-07-30 John Garang, Vice President of Sudan (b. 1945)
  • 2006-01-19 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006-11-30 Elhadi Adam, Sudanese poet and lyricist (b. 1927)
  • 2007-01-04 Osman Waqialla, Sudanese artist and calligrapher (b. 1925)
  • 2009-02-18 Al-Tayyib Salih, Sudanese novelist and columnist (b. 1929)
  • 2010-06-19 Manute Bol, Sudanese basketball player (b. 1962)