Eswatini in History

Historical Events

  • 1913-07-25 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • 1967-04-25 Britain grants internal self-government to Swaziland
  • 1968-09-06 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1973-04-12 Swaziland suspends constitution
  • 1978-10-13 Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
  • 1983-01-02 Several African National Congress (ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
  • 1986-04-25 Mswati III is crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II
  • 2018-04-19 King Mswati III of Swaziland changes the name of Swaziland to Eswatini, which translates as the “Land of the Swati”

Famous Birthdays

  • 1905-06-29 Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu, Anglican bishop of Zululand and Swaziland, born in South Africa (d. 1988)
  • 1957-05-05 Richard E. Grant, Swazi-English actor (Posse; Bram Stoker's Dracula), born in Mbabane, British Swaziland
  • 1968-04-19 Mswati III [Makhosetive], King of Eswatini (1986- ), born in Manzini, Swaziland

Famous Deaths

  • 1982-08-21 Sobhuza II, Paramount Chief and Ngwenyama of Swaziland (1899-1982) who holds the record for the longest reign of any monarch in recorded history, dies at 83