Stockholm in History

Sweden: Gothenburg

Historical Events

  • 1520-11-08 Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.

Execution

1520-11-09 Height of the Stockholm Bloodbath - King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden executes Swedish nobles

The Sinking of the Vasa

1628-08-10 Swedish warship Vasa sinks in Stockholm, killing 30

  • 1685-12-03 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1697-05-07 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window
  • 1719-11-20 Sweden & Hannover sign for peace Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1720-02-11 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1720-06-09 Sweden and Denmark signs 3rd Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1751-07-31 Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses

Assassination of King Gustav III

1792-03-29 King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.

  • 1852-09-03 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1855-07-31 Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg)

Historic Event

1868-11-30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm

  • 1890-03-02 Norwegian speed skater Oskar Fredriksen sets inaugural 5,000m world record of 9:19.8 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1891-02-15 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • 1908-01-21 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909-03-26 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909-08-31 Swedish runner Thure Johansson runs world record marathon (2:40:34.2) in Stockholm
  • 1912-07-06 V Summer (Modern) Olympic Games officially open Stockholm, Sweden; events conducted prior to the ceremony dating back to 5 May

Olympic Gold

1912-07-07 American athlete Jim Thorpe wins 4 of 5 events to win the Pentathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982

  • 1912-07-11 There are 6 medallists in the Stockholm Olympic pole vault; American Harry Babcock takes gold (3.95m); countrymen Frank Nelson and Marc Wright dead-heat for silver; 3-man dead-heat for bronze
  • 1912-07-15 American athlete Jim Thorpe is placed in top 4 in all 10 events, for an Olympic record 8,413 points to win the Decathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982
  • 1912-07-22 V Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in Stockholm, Sweden

Music Premiere

1924-03-24 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C at the Konsertföreningenin in Stockholm

  • 1936-12-10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Nobel Prize

1947-12-10 American physiologists Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Gasser presented with Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in Stockholm (awarded 1944), for research into nerve function

  • 1956-06-10 XVI Summer Olympic equestrian events open in Stockholm
  • 1956-07-25 46 die in collision of the SS Andrea Doria and the MS Stockholm off the coast of Nantucket

FIFA World Cup

1958-06-29 FIFA World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Vavá & Pelé each score 2 goals as Brazil beats Sweden, 5-2

  • 1958-08-24 Sergei Popov wins Stockholm marathon (2:15:17.0) (WR)
  • 1958-10-08 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1960-01-04 European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
  • 1967-05-10 Stockholm Vietnam Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam and Cambodia

Nobel Prize

1967-12-10 Guatemalan author Miguel Ángel Asturias is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in Stockholm

  • 1972-06-05 UN Conference on Human Environment opens in Stockholm
  • 1972-09-15 An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
  • 1975-03-22 20th Eurovision Song Contest: Teach-In for Netherlands wins singing "Ding-a-dong" in Stockholm
  • 1975-04-25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden

Sports History

1975-12-07 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase wins his 4th season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 rout of Björn Borg of Sweden in Stockholm

Davis Cup

1975-12-21 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Stockholm, Sweden: Home town hero Björn Borg beats Czech Jan Kodeš 6-4, 6-2, 6-2 to give Sweden unassailable 3-1 lead; ends 3-2

  • 1978-04-12 Gyorgy Ligeti's opera "Le Grand Macabre" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1986-08-05 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets 5,000m world record (14:37.33) in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1986-09-22 35 countries signs disarmament accord in Stockholm
  • 1987-06-30 Patrik Sjöberg of Sweden sets a new men's high jump world record 2.42m (7 ft 11 1⁄4 in) in Stockholm, Sweden

Meeting of Interest

1988-12-06 Yasser Arafat meets prominent American Jews in Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1989-07-03 Peter Koech of Kenya sets 3,000m steeplechase world record of 8:05.39 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1990-09-12 "Les Miserables," opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm
  • 1994-07-31 Stockholm averages 21.5°C; the warmest July since 1855
  • 1995-06-18 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Hege Riise & Marianne Pettersen score within 3 minutes of each other to give Norway a 2-0 win over Germany

Historic Event

1995-12-07 Irish poet Seamus Heaney receives the Novel Prize for Literature at a ceremony in Stockholm [1] [2]

  • 1997-03-07 Athens, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Rome & Stockholm are finalists for 2004 Olympics site
  • 1998-05-13 Chelsea of England win 38th European Cup Winner's Cup against Stuttgart of Germany 1-0 in Stockholm
  • 2000-05-13 45th Eurovision Song Contest: Olsen Brothers for Denmark wins singing "Fly on the Wings of Love" in Stockholm

Nobel Prize

2010-12-10 Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize at a ceremony in Stockholm, while imprisoned in China

  • 2010-12-11 Two explosions occur in a busy shopping district of Stockholm, Sweden, killing one and injuring two others. Officials say the incident is being treated as a terrorist attack.
  • 2014-02-27 Chaos erupts after the Swedish Public Employment Service mistakenly invites 61,000 people to a job interview in Stockholm

Historic Event

2015-08-24 Physicist Stephen Hawking presents a new theory on black holes at a lecture at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm

Nobel Prize

2016-12-10 Bob Dylan is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature at a ceremony he does not attend in Stockholm

  • 2017-04-01 Bob Dylan receives his Nobel Prize for Literature at a private ceremony in Stockholm
  • 2017-04-07 Truck driven into a department store in Stockholm, killing 4 in a terror attack
  • 2017-05-24 UEFA Europa League won by Manchester United 2-0 against Ajax in Stockholm
  • 2018-08-01 Swedish crown jewels stolen in heist from Strängnäs Cathedral, Stockholm
  • 2019-08-14 American rapper ASAP Rocky found guilty of assault in Stockholm and given a suspended sentence

Famous Birthdays

  • 1533-12-13 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), born in Stockholm (d. 1577)
  • 1550-10-04 Charles IX, King of Sweden (1604-11), born in Stockholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1611)
  • 1550-11-06 Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1612)
  • 1622-05-08 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1698)
  • 1626-12-08 Christina, Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic (1644-54), born in Tre Kronor Castle, Stockholm (d. 1689)
  • 1668-04-14 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1681-06-26 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, born in Three Crowns Castle, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1708)

Charles XIICharles XII (1682-1718)

1682-06-17 King of Sweden (1697-1718), born in Tre Kronor, Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1688-01-23 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1694-10-26 Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer, conductor and violinist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1758)
  • 1695-09-05 Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1770)
  • 1719-09-03 Ferdinand Zellbell the younger, Swedish composer and co-founder of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1780)
  • 1740-09-07 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1814)

Gustav IIIGustav III (1746-1792)

1746-01-24 King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm

  • 1752-09-08 Carl Stenborg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1813)
  • 1755-09-04 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)

Gustav IV AdolfGustav IV Adolf (1778-1837)

1778-11-01 King of Sweden (1792-1809), born in Stockholm Palace, Sweden

  • 1789-09-03 Edmund Passy, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1870)
  • 1789-11-13 Jean Martin de Ron, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1817)
  • 1793-11-28 Carl Jonas Love Almquist, Swedish composer (Tornrosens Buck), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1866)
  • 1796-07-23 Franz Berwald, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1868)
  • 1799-11-09 Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1877)
  • 1804-06-06 Petter Conrad Boman, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1861)
  • 1806-05-12 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish journalist, statesman and nationalist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1881)
  • 1812-12-15 Isidor Dannström, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1897)
  • 1818-03-27 Jacob Axel Josephson, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1880)
  • 1820-10-06 Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano known as the 'Swedish Nightingale', born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1887)
  • 1826-05-03 Charles XV, King of Sweden and Norway (1859-72), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1872)
  • 1826-06-05 Ivar Hallström, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1901)
  • 1831-08-28 Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1885)
  • 1832-07-17 (Johan) August Söderman, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1876)

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel (1833-1896)

1833-10-21 Swedish chemist who invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prizes, born in Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1843-03-08 Vilhelm Svedbom, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1904)
  • 1851-04-16 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1906)
  • 1851-10-31 Lovisa of Sweden, Queen of Denmark, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • 1853-05-28 Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (Midwinter Sacrifice - Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1859-04-05 Wilhelm Harteveld, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1927)
  • 1866-09-10 Tor Aulin, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1914)
  • 1871-02-07 (Carl) Wilhelm Stenhammar, Swedish composer considered the finest Swedish pianist of his time, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1927)
  • 1871-02-14 Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (The Saga of Gösta Berling), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1959)
  • 1874-03-09 Richard Ohlsson, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • 1874-05-03 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1879-02-09 [Carl] Natanael Berg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1957)
  • 1879-06-28 Sigurd von Koch, Swedish composer, born in Ägnö, Stockholm archipelago, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1880-07-24 Kristian Hellström, Swedish athlete, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1946)
  • 1881-10-28 Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (Olympic silver pole vault & bronze javelin 1906; bronze pole vault 1908; popularized bowling in Sweden), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1969)
  • 1882-11-11 Gustav VI Adolf, King of Sweden (1950-73), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1973)
  • 1886-02-12 Gustaf Lazarus Nordqvist, Swedish organist & composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1949)
  • 1888-05-09 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director, born in Stockholm (d. 1964)
  • 1891-11-22 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1960)
  • 1893-06-07 Gillis Grafström, Swedish figure skater (Olympic gold 1920, 24, 28), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1938)
  • 1893-06-28 Nils Björkander, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • 1897-11-02 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1901-03-27 Albert Henneberg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1991)
  • 1905-02-07 Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist famous for his work on neurotransmitters (Nobel 1970), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1983)

Greta GarboGreta Garbo (1905-1990)

1905-09-18 Swedish actress (Ninotchka, Grand Hotel, Camille), born in Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1905-11-17 Astrid of Sweden, Queen of the Belgians, first wife of King Leopold III (1934-35), born in Arvfurstens palats, Stockholm, Kingdom of Sweden (d. 1935)
  • 1906-04-22 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Swedish prince second in line to the Swedish throne, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1947)
  • 1909-11-13 Gunnar Bjornstrand, Swedish actor (Shame, Dreams), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1910-03-28 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark, Wife of King Frederik IX, ruler of Denmark (1947-72), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1910-04-26 Erland von Koch, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 2009)
  • 1910-08-15 Signe Hasso, Swedish actress (Johnny Angel; A Double Life), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1912-09-05 Kristina Söderbaum, German actress and photographer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2001)
  • 1914-03-13 Carl-Olof Anderberg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1972)

Ingrid BergmanIngrid Bergman (1915-1982)

1915-08-29 Swedish actress (Casablanca, Cactus Flower), born in Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1916-01-10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • 1916-10-31 Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • 1918-04-03 Sixten Ehrling, Swedish pianist, conductor (Royal Opera of Stockholm, 1953-60; Detroit Symphony, 1963-73), and educator (Juilliard, 1973-87), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 2005)
  • 1918-04-25 Astrid Varnay, Swedish soprano (Metropolitan Opera, 1941-56), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2006)
  • 1919-01-15 Åke Seyffarth, Swedish speed skater (Olympic gold 10,000m 1948; WR 3,000 & 5,000m), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1998)
  • 1920-03-08 Eva Dahlbeck, Swedish actress (Brink of Life, Dreams, A Lesson in Love), born in Saltsjö-Duvnäs, Stockholms län, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • 1923-06-15 Erland Josephson, Swedish actor, dramatist and author (The Sacrifice, Utflykt), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • 1925-07-11 Nicolai Gedda, Swedish opera tenor (Opera Two to Six), born in Stockholm (d. 2017)

Olof PalmeOlof Palme (1927-1986)

1927-01-30 Prime Minister of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated, born in Stockholm, Sweden

  • 1927-07-19 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer and journalist (Albania Defiant), born in Bromma, Stockholm
  • 1928-01-29 Bengt Hambraeus, Swedish Canadian composer and organist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1929-01-28 Claes Oldenburg, Swedish-American pop artist (Clothespin; Alphabet; Good Humor), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2022) [1]
  • 1929-11-05 Lennart Johansson, Swedish soccer administrator (President Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) 1990–2007), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2019)
  • 1931-04-15 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • 1931-08-27 Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey center, football winger, golfer, course designer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2011)
  • 1932-01-14 Harriet Andersson, Swedish actress (Cries & Whispers), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1932-03-28 Sven Oskar Lindqvist, Swedish writer (Myten om Wu Tao-tzu), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1933-08-30 Arne Mellnäs, Swedish contemporary classical composer (Aura; Capricorn Flakes; Rolando furioso), and educator (Royal College of Music, 1963-83), born in Stockholm (d. 2002)
  • 1934-06-04 Carl Fredrik Reutersward, Swedish artist (knotted-gun sculpture), born in Stockholm (d. 2016)
  • 1934-10-18 Inger Stevens, actress (Katy-Farmer's Daughter), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1934-11-14 Kurt Hamrin, Swedish soccer player, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1935-07-25 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2013)
  • 1935-09-25 Maj Sjowall, Swedish writer (Martin Beck crime novels), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2020)
  • 1935-10-28 Folke Rabe, Swedish avant-garde composer (What??), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2017)
  • 1935-11-11 Birgitta "Bibi" Andersson, Swedish actress (Persona, Wild Strawberries), born in Kungsholmen, Stockholms län, Sweden (d. 2019)
  • 1937-04-25 Bo Brundin, Swedish actor (The Rhinemann Exchange; A Baltic Tragedy), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 2022)
  • 1938-09-20 Pia Lindström, Swedish-American broadcast journalist and arts critic (WNBC-TV; Rusar i hans famn), and first child of Ingrid Bergman, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1941-09-17 William Grut, Swedish pentathlete (Olympic gold 1948), born in Stockholm (d. 2012)
  • 1942-10-06 Britt Ekland, actress (Wicker Man, Asylum), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1943-12-30 Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1944-08-23 Lena Tabori, Swedish actress model and daughter of Viveca Lindfors, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1945-05-04 Georg Wadenius, Swedish rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1945-11-26 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1946-06-02 Lasse Hallström, Swedish screenwriter and film director (Cider House Rules; My Life As A Dog; ABBA music videos), born in Stockholm, Sweden

Benny AnderssonBenny Andersson (75 years old)

1946-12-16 Swedish pop composer and musician (ABBA), born in Stockholm, Sweden


Famous Weddings

  • 1976-06-19 King Charles XVI Gustaf of Sweden marries Silvia Renate Sommerlath in Stockholm Cathedral, 1st Swedish reigning monarch to marry since 1797
  • 1994-02-26 Swedish actor Dolph Lundgren (34) weds Anette Qviberg (25) at Church of St. Eleanore, Stockholm; divorce in 2011
  • 1996-08-24 Actress-model Vendela (30) weds Norwegian politician Olaf Thommessen (30) in Stockholm, Sweden

Björn Borg

2002-06-08 Swedish five-time Wimbledon champion Björn Borg (46) weds real estate broker Patricia Ostfeldt (35) near Stockholm

  • 2010-06-19 Crown Princess Victoria heir apparent of HM Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, weds Daniel Westling at Stockholm Cathedral
  • 2013-06-08 Princess Madeleine of Sweden (30) weds banker Christopher O'Neill at The Royal Palace Church in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2015-06-13 Swedish Prince Carl Philip (36) weds former model Sofia Hellqvist at Slottskyrkan Royal Chapel in Stockholm

Famous Deaths

  • 2009-11-04 Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm (b. 1923)