Stockholm in History

Sweden: Gothenburg

Historical Events

  • 1520-11-08 Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
  • 1520-11-09 Height of the Stockholm Bloodbath - King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden executes Swedish nobles

Sinking ShipThe Sinking of the Vasa

1628-08-10 Swedish warship Vasa sinks in Stockholm, killing 30
Learn More >>

Swedish warship Vasa sinking in Stockholm harbor
Swedish warship Vasa sinking in Stockholm harbor

Historic Publication1st European Banknote

1661-07-16 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm
Learn More >>

The first European banknote, issued by Stockholms Banco of Sweden
The first European banknote, issued by Stockholms Banco of Sweden
  • 1685-12-03 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1697-05-07 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window
  • 1719-11-20 Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1720-02-11 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1720-06-09 Sweden and Denmark signs 3rd Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1751-07-31 Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses

AssassinationAssassination of King Gustav III

1792-03-29 King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
Learn More >>

The masquerade costume worn by Gustav III when he was shot in the back by an assassin
The masquerade costume worn by Gustav III when he was shot in the back by an assassin
  • 1852-09-03 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1855-07-31 Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg)
  • 1868-11-30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm
  • 1890-03-02 Norwegian speed skater Oskar Fredriksen sets inaugural 5,000m world record of 9:19.8 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1891-02-15 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.

  • 1908-01-21 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909-03-26 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909-08-31 Swedish runner Thure Johansson runs world record marathon (2:40:34.2) in Stockholm
  • 1912-07-06 V Summer (Modern) Olympic Games officially open Stockholm, Sweden; events conducted prior to the ceremony dating back to 5 May

OlympicsOlympic Gold

1912-07-07 American athlete Jim Thorpe wins 4 of 5 events to win the Pentathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1912-07-11 There are 6 medallists in the Stockholm Olympic pole vault; American Harry Babcock takes gold (3.95m); countrymen Frank Nelson and Marc Wright dead-heat for silver; 3-man dead-heat for bronze
  • 1912-07-15 American athlete Jim Thorpe is placed in top 4 in all 10 events, for an Olympic record 8,413 points to win the Decathlon gold medal at the Stockholm Olympics, medal stripped 1913 (played pro baseball), reinstated 1982
  • 1912-07-22 V Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1924-03-24 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C at the Konsertföreningenin in Stockholm
  • 1936-12-10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1947-12-10 American physiologists Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Gasser presented with Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in Stockholm (awarded 1944) , for research into nerve function

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger
  • 1956-06-10 XVI Summer Olympic equestrian events open in Stockholm
  • 1956-07-25 46 die in collision of the SS Andrea Doria and the MS Stockholm off the coast of Nantucket

Sport awardFIFA World Cup

1958-06-29 FIFA World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Vavá & Pelé each score 2 goals as Brazil beats Sweden, 5-2

Brazilian Football Legend Pele
Brazilian Football Legend
Pele
  • 1958-08-24 Sergei Popov wins Stockholm marathon (2:15:17.0) (WR)
  • 1958-10-08 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1960-01-04 European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
  • 1967-05-10 Stockholm Vietnam Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam and Cambodia

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1967-12-10 Guatemalan author Miguel Ángel Asturias is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in Stockholm

Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist Miguel Ángel Asturias
Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist
Miguel Ángel Asturias
  • 1972-06-05 UN Conference on Human Environment opens in Stockholm

  • 1972-09-15 An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
  • 1975-03-22 20th Eurovision Song Contest: Teach-In for Netherlands wins singing "Ding-a-dong" in Stockholm
  • 1975-04-25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975-12-07 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase wins his 4th season-ending ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 rout of Björn Borg of Sweden in Stockholm

Tennis Champion Ilie Năstase
Tennis Champion
Ilie Năstase
Tennis Player Björn Borg
Tennis Player
Björn Borg
  • 1975-12-21 64th Davis Cup: Sweden beats Czechoslovakia in Stockholm (3-2)
  • 1978-04-12 Gyorgy Ligeti's opera "Le Grand Macabre" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1986-08-05 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets 5,000m world record (14:37.33) in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1986-09-22 35 countries signs disarmament accord in Stockholm
  • 1987-06-30 Patrik Sjöberg of Sweden sets a new men's high jump world record 2.42m (7 ft 11 1⁄4 in) in Stockholm, Sweden

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1988-12-06 Yasser Arafat meets prominent American Jews in Stockholm, Sweden

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1989-07-03 Peter Koech of Kenya sets 3,000m steeplechase world record of 8:05.39 in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1990-09-12 "Les Miserables," opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm
  • 1994-07-31 Stockholm averages 21.5°C; the warmest July since 1855
  • 1995-06-18 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden: Hege Riise & Marianne Pettersen score within 3 minutes of each other to give Norway a 2-0 win over Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995-12-07 Irish poet Seamus Heaney receives the Novel Prize for Literature at a ceremony in Stockholm

  • 1997-03-07 Athens, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Rome & Stockholm are finalists for 2004 Olympics site
  • 1998-05-13 Chelsea of England win 38th European Cup Winner's Cup against Stuttgart of Germany 1-0 in Stockholm
  • 2000-05-13 45th Eurovision Song Contest: Olsen Brothers for Denmark wins singing "Fly on the Wings of Love" in Stockholm

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2010-12-10 Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize at a ceremony in Stockholm, while imprisoned in China

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • 2010-12-11 Two explosions occur in a busy shopping district of Stockholm, Sweden, killing one and injuring two others. Officials say the incident is being treated as a terrorist attack.
  • 2014-02-27 Chaos erupts after the Swedish Public Employment Service mistakenly invites 61,000 people to a job interview in Stockholm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015-08-24 Physicist Stephen Hawking presents a new theory on black holes at a lecture at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Physicist
Stephen Hawking

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2016-12-10 Bob Dylan is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature at a ceremony he does not attend in Stockholm

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Singer-Songwriter
Bob Dylan
  • 2017-04-01 Bob Dylan receives his Nobel Prize for Literature at a private ceremony in Stockholm
  • 2017-04-07 Truck driven into a department store in Stockholm, killing 4 in a terror attack
  • 2017-05-24 UEFA Europa League won by Manchester United 2-0 against Ajax in Stockholm
  • 2018-08-01 Swedish crown jewels stolen in heist from Strängnäs Cathedral, Stockholm
  • 2019-08-14 American rapper ASAP Rocky found guilty of assault in Stockholm and given a suspended sentence

Famous Birthdays

  • 1533-12-13 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), born in Stockholm (d. 1577)
  • 1550-10-04 Charles IX, King of Sweden (1604-11), born in Stockholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1611)
  • 1550-11-06 Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1612)
  • 1622-05-08 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1698)
  • 1626-12-08 Christina, Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic (1644-54), born in Tre Kronor Castle, Stockholm (d. 1689)
  • 1668-04-14 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1681-06-26 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, born in Three Crowns Castle, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1708)
  • 1682-06-17 Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718), born in Tre Kronor, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1718)
  • 1688-01-23 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1694-10-26 Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer, conductor and violinist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1758)
  • 1695-09-05 Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1770)
  • 1719-09-03 Ferdinand Zellbell the younger, Swedish composer and co-founder of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1780)
  • 1740-09-07 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1814)

Person of interestGustav III

1746-01-24 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm (d. 1792)

King of Sweden Gustav III
King of Sweden
Gustav III
  • 1752-09-08 Carl Stenborg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1813)
  • 1755-09-04 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)
  • 1778-11-01 Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1792-1809), born in Stockholm Palace, Sweden (d. 1837)
  • 1789-09-03 Edmund Passy, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1870)
  • 1789-11-13 Jean Martin de Ron, Swedish composer born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1817)
  • 1793-11-28 Carl Jonas Love Almquist, Swedish composer (Tornrosens Buck), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1866)
  • 1796-07-23 Franz Adolf Berwald, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1868)
  • 1799-11-09 Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1877)
  • 1804-06-06 Petter Conrad Boman, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1861)
  • 1806-05-12 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish journalist, statesman and nationalist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1881)
  • 1812-12-15 Isidor Dannström, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1897)
  • 1818-03-27 Jacob Axel Josephson, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1880)
  • 1820-10-06 Swedish Nightingale [Jenny Lind], Swedish soprano, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1887)
  • 1826-05-03 Charles XV, King of Sweden and Norway (1859-72), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1872)
  • 1826-06-05 Ivar Hallström, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1901)
  • 1831-08-28 Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1885)
  • 1832-07-17 (Johan) August Söderman, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1876)

Person of interestAlfred Nobel

1833-10-21 Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist who invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prizes, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1896)

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • 1843-03-08 Vilhelm Svedbom, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1904)
  • 1851-04-16 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1906)
  • 1851-10-31 Lovisa of Sweden, Queen of Denmark, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • 1853-05-28 Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (Midwinter Sacrifice - Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1859-04-05 Wilhelm Harteveld, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1927)
  • 1866-09-10 Tor Aulin, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1914)
  • 1871-02-07 Wilhelm Stenhammar [Carl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammar], Swedish composer considered the finest Swedish pianist of his time, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1927)
  • 1871-02-14 Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (The Saga of Gösta Berling), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1959)
  • 1874-03-09 Richard Ohlsson, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • 1874-05-03 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1879-02-09 [Carl] Natanael Berg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1957)
  • 1879-06-28 Sigurd von Koch, Swedish composer, born in Ägnö, Stockholm archipelago, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1880-07-24 Kristian Hellström, Swedish athlete, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1946)
  • 1881-10-28 Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (Olympic silver pole vault & bronze javelin 1906; bronze pole vault 1908; popularized bowling in Sweden), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1969)
  • 1882-11-11 Gustav VI Adolf, King of Sweden (1950-73), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1973)
  • 1886-02-12 Gustaf Lazarus Nordqvist, Swedish organist & composer, born in Stockholm (d. 1949)
  • 1888-05-09 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director, born in Stockholm (d. 1964)
  • 1891-11-22 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1960)
  • 1893-06-07 Gillis Grafström, Swedish figure skater (Olympic gold 1920, 24, 28), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1938)
  • 1893-06-28 Nils Björkander, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1972)
  • 1897-11-02 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1901-03-27 Albert Henneberg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1991)
  • 1905-02-07 Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist famous for his work on neurotransmitters (Nobel 1970), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1983)

Person of interestGreta Garbo

1905-09-18 Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (Ninotchka, Grand Hotel, Camille), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1990)

Actress Greta Garbo
Actress
Greta Garbo
  • 1905-11-17 Astrid of Sweden, Queen of the Belgians, first wife of King Leopold III (1934-35), born in Arvfurstens palats, Stockholm, Kingdom of Sweden (d. 1935)
  • 1906-04-22 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Swedish prince second in line to the Swedish throne, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1946)
  • 1909-11-13 Gunnar Bjornstrand, Swedish actor (Shame, Dreams), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1910-03-28 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark, Wife of King Frederik IX, ruler of Denmark (1947-72), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1910-04-26 Erland von Koch, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 2009)
  • 1910-08-15 Signe Hasso, Swedish actress (Johnny Angel, A Double Life), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1912-09-05 Kristina Söderbaum, German actress and photographer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2001)
  • 1914-03-13 Carl-Olof Anderberg, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1972)

Person of interestIngrid Bergman

1915-08-29 Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (Casablanca, Cactus Flower), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1982)

  • 1916-01-10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • 1916-10-31 Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • 1918-04-03 Sixten Ehrling, Swedish conductor (Royal Opera of Stockholm), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 2005)
  • 1918-04-25 Astrid Varnay, Swedish soprano (Met Opera 1941-56), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2006)
  • 1919-01-15 Åke Seyffarth, Swedish speed skater (Olympic gold 10,000m 1948; WR 3,000 & 5,000m), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1998)
  • 1920-03-08 Eva Dahlbeck, Swedish actress (Brink of Life, Dreams, A Lesson in Love), born in Saltsjö-Duvnäs, Stockholms län, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • 1923-06-15 Erland Josephson, Swedish actor, dramatist and author (The Sacrifice, Utflykt), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)
  • 1925-07-11 Nicolai Gedda, Swedish opera tenor (Opera Two to Six), born in Stockholm (d. 2017)
  • 1927-01-30 Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1927-07-19 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer and journalist (Albania Defiant), born in Bromma, Stockholm
  • 1928-01-29 Bengt Hambraeus, Swedish Canadian composer and organist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1929-01-28 Claes Oldenburg, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1929-11-05 Lennart Johansson, Swedish soccer administrator (President Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) 1990–2007), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2019)
  • 1931-04-15 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • 1931-08-27 Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey center, football winger, golfer, course designer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2011)
  • 1932-01-14 Harriet Andersson, Swedish actress (Cries & Whispers), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1932-03-28 Sven Oskar Lindqvist, Swedish writer (Myten om Wu Tao-tzu), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1933-08-30 Arne Mellnäs, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm (d. 2002)
  • 1934-06-04 Carl Fredrik Reutersward, Swedish artist (knotted-gun sculpture), born in Stockholm (d. 2016)
  • 1934-10-18 Inger Stevens, actress (Katy-Farmer's Daughter), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1934-11-14 Kurt Hamrin, Swedish soccer player, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1935-07-25 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2013)
  • 1935-09-25 Maj Sjowall, Swedish writer (Martin Beck crime novels), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2020)
  • 1935-10-28 Folke Rabe, Swedish avant-garde composer (What??), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2017)
  • 1935-11-11 Birgitta "Bibi" Andersson, Swedish actress (Persona, Wild Strawberries), born in Kungsholmen, Stockholms län, Sweden (d. 2019)
  • 1937-04-25 Bo Brundin, Swedish actress (Rhinemann Exchange), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1938-09-20 Pia Lindström, Swedish critic (WNBC-TV), journalist (From Russia With Love) and first child of Ingrid Bergman, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1941-09-17 William Grut, Swedish pentathlete (Olympic gold 1948), born in Stockholm (d. 2012)
  • 1942-10-06 Britt Ekland, actress (Wicker Man, Asylum), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1943-12-30 Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1944-08-23 Lena Tabori, Swedish actress model and daughter of Viveca Lindfors, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1945-05-04 Georg Wadenius, Swedish rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1945-11-26 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1946-06-06 Lasse Hallström, Swedish writer and director (Once Around, My Life as a Dog, ABBA), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1946-12-16 Benny Andersson, Swedish composer and musician (ABBA), born in Stockholm, Sweden

Famous Weddings

  • 1976-06-19 King Charles XVI Gustaf of Sweden marries Silvia Renate Sommerlath in Stockholm Cathedral, 1st Swedish reigning monarch to marry since 1797
  • 1994-02-26 Actor Dolph Lundgren (34) weds Anette Qviberg in Stockholm
  • 1996-08-24 Actress-model Vendela (30) weds Norwegian politician Olaf Thommessen (30) in Stockholm, Sweden

LoveWedding of Interest

2002-06-08 Five-time Wimbledon champion Björn Borg (46) weds real estate broker Patricia Ostfeldt (35) near Stockholm

Tennis Player Björn Borg
Tennis Player
Björn Borg
  • 2010-06-19 Crown Princess Victoria heir apparent of HM Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, weds Daniel Westling at Stockholm Cathedral
  • 2013-06-08 Princess Madeleine of Sweden (30) weds banker Christopher O'Neill at The Royal Palace Church in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2015-06-13 Swedish Prince Carl Philip (36) weds former model Sofia Hellqvist at Slottskyrkan Royal Chapel in Stockholm

Famous Deaths

  • 2009-11-04 Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm (b. 1923)