Syrian History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 230

  • 0763-06-15 BC Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history
  • 0612-08-10 BC Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.
  • 0069-07-01 Batavian nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria
  • 0526-11-29 A possible date for the Antioch earthquake in present-day Syria (then the Byzantine Empire) which killed 200,000 people
  • 0969-10-28 Byzantine troops occupy Antioch (in modern Syria)
  • 1098-12-12 1st Crusaders capture & plunder Mara, Syria
  • 1099-01-13 Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
  • 1099-01-28 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria
  • 1109-07-12 Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli
  • 1110-12-04 Syrian harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1138-10-11 Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria, kills an estimated 230,000
  • 1167-03-18 Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs Syrians

BattleBattle of Interest

1187-07-03 Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1420-05-23 Jews of Syria and Austria expelled
  • 1496-03-12 Jews are expelled from Syria
  • 1822-08-10 Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die

  • 1837-01-22 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • 1916-02-08 French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374
  • 1920-03-11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • 1921-10-20 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • 1924-09-28 French government names Gen Serrail governor-general of Syria
  • 1926-05-19 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • 1933-08-07 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • 1941-06-08 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • 1941-06-21 2nd French troops occupies Damascus, Syria
  • 1941-07-14 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • 1945-02-24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • 1946-04-07 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
  • 1946-04-12 Syria gains independence from France
  • 1946-04-17 Syria declares independence from French administration
  • 1948-05-15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • 1949-06-25 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)
  • 1949-08-14 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • 1950-06-17 Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia & Syria sign security pact
  • 1951-11-28 Military coup under Col Adib el-Shishakli in Syria
  • 1952-10-24 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria

  • 1954-02-23 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
  • 1955-08-18 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • 1957-08-08 USSR offers Syria economic/military aid
  • 1957-10-08 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1958-02-01 Egypt & Syria announce plans to merge into United Arab Republic
  • 1958-02-02 Syria joins Egypt in United Arab Republic
  • 1958-02-21 Egypt-Syria as United Arab Republic elect Nasser president (99.9% vote)
  • 1958-02-22 Egypt & Syria form United Arab Republic (UAR)
  • 1961-09-28 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
  • 1961-09-29 Mamum Kuzbari becomes premier of Syria
  • 1961-12-31 Failed coup by Syrian group in Lebanon
  • 1962-03-28 Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees
  • 1962-07-06 Emir Said al-Djazairi takes van Algerian throne in Syria
  • 1963-03-08 Syrian Arab Rep Revolution Day - Military coup in Syria
  • 1963-07-18 Failed military coup in Syria
  • 1963-07-27 General Amin al-Hafez becomes President of Syria
  • 1964-08-14 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1966-02-23 Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
  • 1966-02-25 Syrian military coup under General Hafiz al-Assad
  • 1966-03-01 Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria

  • 1967-04-07 Israeli Syrian border fights

Declaration of WarSix-Day War

1967-06-05 Six-Day War begins between Israel and the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan and Syria

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Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
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  • 1967-06-10 Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iraq & Egypt end "6-Day War" with UN help
  • 1969-01-27 9 Jews publicly executed in Damascus, Syria

BattleCoup d'├ętat

1969-02-27 General Hafez al-Assad becomes head of Syria via military coup

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • 1970-05-03 Trans-Arabian Pipeline delivery from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, driving oil tanker rates to all time highs
  • 1970-11-21 General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following military coup
  • 1971-03-12 Hafez al-Assad consolidates power in Syria by installing himself as President
  • 1971-04-17 Egypt, Libya & Syria form federation (FAR)
  • 1971-08-12 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
  • 1973-03-13 Syria adopts constitution
  • 1973-09-13 Syrian/Israeli dogfight over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1973-09-14 Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s
  • 1973-10-06 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • 1973-10-12 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
  • 1973-12-21 Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US & USSR meet in Geneva to discuss the Arab-Israeli conflict
  • 1974-02-12 Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement
  • 1974-05-31 Israel and Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
  • 1975-08-20 Il-62 crashes south of Damascus, Syria, killing 126
  • 1976-09-29 Syria drives Palestinian guerrillas out of Lebanon

  • 1976-11-15 Syrian army conquers Beirut
  • 1977-12-05 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1978-09-28 Syrians & Lebanese engage in heavy fighting in Lebanon
  • 1978-10-02 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed
  • 1979-06-16 Muslim Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo Syria
  • 1980-10-08 USSR & Syria sign peace treaty
  • 1981-04-02 Heavy battle between Christian militia & Syrian army in East Lebanon
  • 1981-12-14 Israel annexes Golan Heights (seized from Syria in war of 1967)
  • 1982-02-02 Government troops and Muslim fundamentalists battle in Hamah, Syria
  • 1982-06-09 Israel wipes out Syrian SAM missiles in Bekaa Valley
  • 1982-06-11 Israel and Syria stop fighting in Lebanon
  • 1983-06-23 Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat
  • 1983-09-18 Lebanese & Syrian army battle
  • 1983-11-25 Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli
  • 1983-12-04 US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon
  • 1984-01-03 Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson
  • 1986-10-24 Great Britain drops diplomatic relations with Syria
  • 1987-02-21 Syrian army marches into Beirut
  • 1987-07-22 Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)
  • 1991-02-13 Syria tells Germany they are ready to recognize Israel
  • 1994-04-25 Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001-05-06 During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to enter a mosque

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2005-02-28 Lebanon's pro-Syrian prime minister, Omar Karami, resigns amid large anti-Syria street demonstrations in Beirut.
  • 2005-03-14 Cedar Revolution, where over a million Lebanese march in the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

Famous Birthdays

  • 0154-07-11 Bardaisan [Bardesanes], Syrian astrologer and theologist, born in Edessa, Upper Mesopotamia

Person of interestZenobia

0245-12-23 Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, born in Palmyra, Syria (d. 274)

Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria Zenobia
Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria
  • 1880-04-01 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • 1883-03-23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • 1898-01-21 John George [Tufei Fatella], Syrian actor (Black Orchids, Don Juan, Adventures of Fu Manchu), born in Aleppo, Syria (d. 1968)
  • 1915-10-19 Farid al-Atrash [El-Atrache], Syrian composer, musician, virtuoso oud player, and actor (Akher kedba), born in Jebel Ed-Druz, Southern Syria (d. 1974)
  • 1930-07-01 Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American film producer and director (Lion of the Dessert), born in Aleppo, French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon (d. 2005)

Person of interestHafez al-Assad

1930-10-06 Hafez al-Assad, General and President of Syria (1971-2000), born in Qardaha, Alawite State, Syria (d. 2000)

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • 1934-11-27 Ammo Baba, Iraqi-Assyrian footballer and coach, born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2009)
  • 1936-09-28 Nabil Maleh, Syrian film director and writer, born in Damascus, Syria (d. 2016)

Person of interestPope Francis

1936-12-17 Pope Francis [Jorge Mario Bergoglio], Catholic Pope (2013-) 1st Jesuit pope, 1st from the Americas and 1st non-European pope since Syrian Gregory III in 741, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • 1942-02-01 Muna Wassef, Syrian actress (The Message) and UN Goodwill ambassador, born in Damascus, Syria
  • 1951-05-26 Muhammed Ahmad Faris, Syria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3)
  • 1953-09-03 Munir H. Habib, Syrian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3 backup)
  • 1958-06-17 Sam Hamad, Syrian-born Canadian politician, born in Damascus, Syria
  • 1961-08-01 Imad Khamis, Syrian politician and 67th Prime Minister of Syria (2016-present), born in Saqba, Syria

Person of interestBashar al-Assad

1965-09-11 Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria (2000-present), born in Damascus, Syria

President of Syria Bashar al-Assad
President of Syria
Bashar al-Assad
  • 1969-05-15 Asalah Nasri, Syrian singer
  • 1973-09-10 Ghada Shouaa, Syrian heptathlete (Syria's 1st Olympic gold 1996), born in Mhardeh, Syria
  • 1988-08-14 Shahd Barmada, Syrian pop singer, born in Aleppo, Syria
  • 1996-09-28 Celeste & Johnny Edison, Assyria & Pele's twins, boy & girl

Famous Deaths

  • 0612-08-10 BC Sinsharishkun, Assyrian king
  • 0009-09-15 Publius Quinctilius Varus, Roman viceroy of Syria, suicide at 59
  • 0235-03-18 Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
  • 0373-06-09 Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
  • 0686-08-02 Pope John V, 1st Greek-Syrian Pope (685-86) dies
  • 0701-09-08 Sergius I, Syrian/Italian Pope (687-701), dies
  • 0708-02-04 Sisinnius, Greek-Syrian pope (708, 20 days), dies
  • 0715-04-09 Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies
  • 0731-02-11 Gregory II, Greek-Syrian Pope, dies
  • 0741-11-28 Syrian Catholic Pope Saint Gregory III
  • 0749-12-04 Saint John of Damascus, Syrian monk, priest and theologian, dies
  • 1171-11-02 Dionysius [Jacob] Bar-Salibi, Syriac Orthodox Church author (Diarbekir), dies
  • 1174-05-15 Nur ad-Din, King of Syria (1146-1174), dies at 56

Person of interestSaladin

1193-03-04 Saladin, 1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, dies of fever at about 55

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1782-02-09 Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
  • 1932-02-02 Agha Petros, Assyrian nationalist leader
  • 1933-09-08 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria, dies at 50
  • 1949-02-14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1949-07-08 Antun Sa'ada, Syrian rightwing politician, executed in Lebanon
  • 1949-08-14 Husni al-Barazi, premier of Syria, shot to death
  • 1949-08-14 Husni el-Zaim, president/dictator of Syria, shot to death
  • 1968-08-25 John George [Tufei Fatella], Syrian actor (Black Orchids, Don Juan, Adventures of Fu Manchu), dies from emphysema at 70
  • 1974-12-26 Farid al-Atrash [El-Atrache], Syrian composer, musician, virtuoso oud player, and actor (Akher kedba), dies of heart disease at 59
  • 1992-12-03 Nureddin Al-Atassi, president of Syria (1966-70), dies
  • 1993-01-09 Alois Brunner, German/Syrian commandant of KZ-Lower Drancy, dies
  • 1994-01-21 Basel al-Assad, Syrian president Hafez al-Assad's son and chosen successor, dies in car accident at 31
  • 1998-02-06 Nazim al-Kudsi, Syrian PM (1949, 1950-51)/pres (1961-63), dies
  • 1998-04-30 Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)

Person of interestHafez al-Assad

2000-06-10 Hafez al-Assad, General and President of Syria (1971-2000), dies of a heart attack at 69

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • 2004-09-01 Ahmed Kuftaro, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • 2005-11-11 Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American film producer and director (Lion of the Dessert), dies at 75
  • 2015-09-02 Alan Kurdi, 3 year old Syrian refugee drowns off the coast of Turkey, his death and photograph prompt international reaction
  • 2016-02-24 Nabil Maleh, Syrian film director and writer, dies at 79