Taiwan in History

Historical Events

  • 1661-04-29 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • 1683-10-03 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1892-10-10 Entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan
  • 1895-05-08 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • 1910-03-10 Republic of China officially abolishes slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-10-10 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1911-12-29 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China
  • 1914-03-01 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1915-01-18 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • 1928-06-04 President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents
  • 1928-09-27 The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
  • 1935-06-09 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1945-09-09 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

TaiwanFebruary 28 Massacre

1947-02-28 February 28 Massacre: Anti-government uprising in Taiwan is violently put down by Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang-led Republic of China government with the loss of 18,000-28,000 lives. Marks the beginning of the White Terror.

Learn More
An angry crowd occupies the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau in Taipei
An angry crowd occupies the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau in Taipei
Learn More

  • 1947-12-25 Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law)
  • 1947-12-25 Constitution of the Republic of China comes into effect
  • 1948-05-18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
  • 1949-10-01 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • 1949-11-29 Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa
  • 1949-12-07 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan
  • 1950-03-01 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan
  • 1950-07-27 US President Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan
  • 1954-12-02 Taiwan (ROC) & US sign the Mutual Defense Treaty, preventing Mainland China (PRC) from taking Taiwan between 1955-1979
  • 1957-05-24 Anti-American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1963-09-11 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
  • 1964-02-11 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1971-10-25 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People's Republic of China
  • 1971-10-26 UN votes to replace Taiwan with China
  • 1974-02-28 Taiwan police shoots into crowd
  • 1978-12-31 Taiwan's final day of diplomatic relations with US
  • 1981-02-28 People's Republic of China throws out the Netherlands ambassador due to Dutch sales of submarines to Taiwan
  • 1987-07-14 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
  • 1987-07-15 State of siege ends in Taiwan
  • 1991-08-24 Taiwan captures its 15th Little League World Series, 11-0

  • 1992-09-14 1st subway car completed to be exported from US (to Taiwan)
  • 1994-04-26 Taiwan Airbus A-300 crashes at Nagoya Japan, 262 killed
  • 1996-03-23 Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1998-06-02 The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan
  • 1998-10-28 An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
  • 1999-09-21 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead
  • 2000-10-31 A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2002-01-01 Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2002-05-25 China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people
  • 2003-03-02 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2004-01-26 A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
  • 2004-02-28 Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500-kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947
  • 2004-03-19 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
  • 2005-01-29 The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.
  • 2006-12-26 The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.
  • 2007-02-13 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement when mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for 2008 presidential election.
  • 2009-01-01 The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin.
  • 2009-01-13 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • 2009-02-18 The Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics announced that the Taiwanese economy has contracted an unprecedented 8.36% in the fourth quarter of 2008; thus placing the country in a technical recession
  • 2010-02-22 Taiwan's economy exits from the recession with 9.22% growth in the last quarter of 2009 after increased demand from China and other key markets in the region
  • 2012-01-14 Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
  • 2012-08-01 Typhoon Saola kills 82 people and displaces over 150,000 in the Philippines, Taiwan and China
  • 2012-09-25 50 Taiwanese ships clash with the Japan Coast Guard in waters off the Senkaku Islands
  • 2012-10-23 12 people are killed and 40 are injured in a hospital fire in Tainan, Taiwan
  • 2012-12-09 13 people are killed and 10 are injured after a bus rolls of a cliff and falls 100 meters in Taiwan
  • 2013-01-24 A Japanese Coast guard ship engages a Taiwanese activist ship in the Senkaku Islands dispute
  • 2013-04-10 Japan and Taiwan sign an agreement on fishing rights around the Senkaku Islands
  • 2014-07-23 44 people are killed after TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan
  • 2015-08-23 12 year old boy trips and rips 17th-century painting "Flowers" by Paolo Porpora worth $1.5m at exhibition in Taiwan

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestMomofuku Ando

1910-03-05 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, born in Wu Baifu, Chiayi County, Taiwan (d. 2007)

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 1914-01-10 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan, born in Fenghua District, China (d. 2000)
  • 1917-01-18 Wang Yung-ching, Taiwanese businessman, born in Xindian District, Taipei, Taiwan (d. 2008)
  • 1923-01-15 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (Taiwan's 1st popularly elected President 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1933-07-10 Chuan-Kwang Yang, Taiwanese decathlete (Olympic silver 1960), born in Taitung, Taiwan (d. 2007)
  • 1936-11-19 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937-07-11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer (Taipei People), born in Guilin, China
  • 1941-03-17 Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese politician
  • 1942-03-16 James Soong, Taiwanese politician
  • 1944-03-15 Chi Cheng, Taiwan, sprinter/80m hurdler (Olympic bronze 1968)
  • 1946-05-18 Frank Hsieh, Taiwanese politician, Premier of Taiwan (2005-6), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1947-11-06 Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (Yi Yi), born in Shanghai, China (d. 2007)
  • 1948-04-25 Yu Shyi-kun, Premier of the Republic of China (2002-05), born in Dongshan, Yilan County, China
  • 1950-07-13 Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)

Person of interestDavid Ho

1952-11-03 David Ho, Taiwanese-American pioneering HIV/AIDS researcher, born in Taichung, Taiwan

AIDS Researcher David Ho
AIDS Researcher
David Ho
  • 1953-01-29 Teresa Teng [Li-chun], Taiwanese pop singer("Aijin"; The Power Of Love"; "Airport"), and actress, born in Baozhong Township, Yunlin, Taiwan
  • 1953-07-22 Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress

Person of interestAng Lee

1954-10-23 Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born American filmmaker (Brokeback Mountain; Life of Pi), born in Chaochou, Pingtung, Republic of China

Filmmaker Ang Lee
Filmmaker
Ang Lee
  • 1955-04-08 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician (Rep-D-Ore 1999-2011), born in Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • 1955-08-20 Ned Overend, Taipei Taiwan, cyclist (Olympics 1996)
  • 1958-03-25 Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator
  • 1960-01-29 Cho-Liang Lin, American classical violinist (Queen Sophia prize, 1977), and teacher (Juilliard, 1991-present) born in Hsinchu, Taiwan [1]
  • 1966-06-23 Richie Ren, Taiwanese actor (Breaking News, Life Without Principle), born in Changhua, Taiwan
  • 1967-01-31 Joey Wong, Taiwanese Hong Kong actress (A Chinese Ghost Story), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1967-08-11 Collin Chou, Taiwanese actor
  • 1969-07-11 David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
  • 1970-10-31 Nicholas "Nicky" Wu, Taiwanese singer, actor and martial arts expert (Xiao Hu Dui/Little Tiger Team), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1972-08-09 A-Mei [Kulilay Amit], Taiwanese Puyuma singer known as the "Queen of Mando-Pop", born in Beinan, Taitung, Taiwan
  • 1973-02-21 Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer & TV host, born in Hong Kong
  • 1973-10-19 Shi Ting Wang, Tainan Taiwan, tennis star (1994 Taipei)
  • 1974-11-29 Lin Chi-ling, Taiwanese model, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1975-03-19 Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
  • 1975-06-06 Cheer Chen [Chi-Chen], Taiwanese folk-rock singer-songwriter (Sofa Sea), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1976-01-23 Angelica Lee, Taiwanese actress & singer, born in Alor Setar, Malaysia
  • 1976-01-27 Ruby Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976-04-16 Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress (Three Times), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1976-05-17 Lee-Hom Wang, American-born Taiwanese musician and composer
  • 1976-10-06 Barbie Hsu, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976-12-05 Evonne Hsu, Taiwanese-American Mando-pop singer, born in Longview, Texas
  • 1978-04-04 Aska Yang, Taiwanese singer (Dove), born in Taoyuan, Taiwan
  • 1978-08-07 Vanness Wu, Taiwanese-American singer (F4, Kangta & Vanness), born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1978-11-20 Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer, born in Taiwan
  • 1979-01-15 Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor & taichi champ, born in Taiwan
  • 1979-01-18 Jay Chou, Taiwanese singer & producer, born in New Taipei City, Taiwan
  • 1979-08-24 Elva Hsiao, Taiwanese singer, born in Zhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwan
  • 1979-10-10 Wu Chun, Bruneian-Taiwanese actor (The Butterfly Lovers), born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
  • 1980-03-31 Chien-Ming Wang, Taiwanese MLB pitcher (NY Yankees, AL wins leader 2006), born in Tainan City, Taiwan
  • 1980-08-06 Wilber Pan, Taiwanese-American singer, rapper and actor, born in West Virgina
  • 1980-09-15 Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1980-11-10 Calvin Chen, Taiwanese singer (Fahrenhiet), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1981-06-02 Chin-hui Tsao, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1981-06-09 Vic Zhou, Taiwanese pop singer (F4), actor (Meteor Garden; Home), and model, born in Yilan, Taiwan
  • 1981-06-18 Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981-08-24 Jiro Wang Dong Cheng, Taiwanese singer and actor, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1981-10-02 Toro [Alvan Guo Yi Jun], Taiwanese pop singer (Energy)
  • 1981-10-31 Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E, born in Shilin, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1982-01-19 Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer & actress, born in Taoyuan, Taiwan
  • 1982-06-19 Joe Cheng, Taiwanese actor
  • 1982-10-29 Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1983-03-30 Hebe Tian, Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1983-08-27 Wilson Chen, Taiwanese actor
  • 1983-12-28 Mike He, Taiwanese actor, born in Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1984-06-04 Rainie Yang, Taiwanese mando-pop singer, actress, and television personality, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1985-05-27 Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1986-11-12 Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer, born in Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1986-11-20 Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1987-03-15 Taiwan Brown, video jockey
  • 1988-05-02 Lara Liang, Russian-Taiwanese-American singer (Nan Quan Mama), born in California
  • 1989-02-09 Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player

Famous Deaths

  • 1985-09-21 Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1987-10-21 Ying-Chin Ho, Taiwan government official, dies at 88
  • 1988-01-13 Chiang Ching-huo, president of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 69
  • 1993-12-24 Yen Chia-kan, PM/President of Taiwan (1963-72, 75-78), dies
  • 2000-10-04 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (b. 1914)

Person of interestSoong Mei-ling

2003-10-23 Soong Mei-ling [Madame Chiang Kai-shek], Chinese political figure and First Lady of the Republic of China (1948-75), dies at 106

Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China Soong Mei-ling
Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China
Soong Mei-ling

Person of interestMomofuku Ando

2007-01-05 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, dies of heart failure at 96

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 2007-01-27 Yang Chuan-kwang, Taiwanese athlete (b. 1933)
  • 2007-01-28 Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
  • 2007-06-29 Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (Yi Yi), dies of cancer at 59