Taiwan in History

Historical Events

  • 1661-04-29 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • 1683-10-03 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1892-10-10 Entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan
  • 1895-05-08 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • 1910-03-10 Republic of China officially abolishes slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-10-10 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1911-12-29 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China
  • 1914-03-01 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1915-01-18 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • 1928-06-04 President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents
  • 1928-09-27 The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
  • 1935-06-09 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1945-09-09 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

TaiwanFebruary 28 Massacre

1947-02-28 February 28 Massacre: Anti-government uprising in Taiwan is violently put down by Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang-led Republic of China government with the loss of 18,000-28,000 lives. Marks the beginning of the White Terror.

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An angry crowd occupies the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau in Taipei
An angry crowd occupies the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau in Taipei
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  • 1947-12-25 Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law)
  • 1947-12-25 Constitution of the Republic of China comes into effect
  • 1948-05-18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
  • 1949-10-01 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • 1949-11-29 Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa
  • 1949-12-07 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan
  • 1950-03-01 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan
  • 1950-07-27 US President Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan
  • 1954-12-02 Taiwan (ROC) & US sign the Mutual Defense Treaty, preventing Mainland China (PRC) from taking Taiwan between 1955-1979
  • 1957-05-24 Anti-American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1963-09-11 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
  • 1964-02-11 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1971-10-25 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People's Republic of China
  • 1971-10-26 UN votes to replace Taiwan with China
  • 1974-02-28 Taiwan police shoots into crowd
  • 1978-12-31 Taiwan's final day of diplomatic relations with US
  • 1981-02-28 People's Republic of China throws out the Netherlands ambassador due to Dutch sales of submarines to Taiwan
  • 1987-07-14 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
  • 1987-07-15 State of siege ends in Taiwan
  • 1991-08-24 Taiwan captures its 15th Little League World Series, 11-0

  • 1992-09-14 1st subway car completed to be exported from US (to Taiwan)
  • 1994-04-26 Taiwan Airbus A-300 crashes at Nagoya Japan, 262 killed
  • 1996-03-23 Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1998-06-02 The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan
  • 1998-10-28 An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
  • 1999-09-21 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead
  • 2000-10-31 A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2002-01-01 Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2002-05-25 China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people
  • 2003-03-02 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2004-01-26 A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
  • 2004-02-28 Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500-kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947
  • 2004-03-19 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
  • 2005-01-29 The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.
  • 2006-12-26 The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.
  • 2007-02-13 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement when mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for 2008 presidential election.
  • 2009-01-01 The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin.
  • 2009-01-13 Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
  • 2009-02-18 The Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics announced that the Taiwanese economy has contracted an unprecedented 8.36% in the fourth quarter of 2008; thus placing the country in a technical recession
  • 2010-02-22 Taiwan's economy exits from the recession with 9.22% growth in the last quarter of 2009 after increased demand from China and other key markets in the region
  • 2012-01-14 Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
  • 2012-08-01 Typhoon Saola kills 82 people and displaces over 150,000 in the Philippines, Taiwan and China
  • 2012-09-25 50 Taiwanese ships clash with the Japan Coast Guard in waters off the Senkaku Islands
  • 2012-10-23 12 people are killed and 40 are injured in a hospital fire in Tainan, Taiwan
  • 2012-12-09 13 people are killed and 10 are injured after a bus rolls of a cliff and falls 100 meters in Taiwan
  • 2013-01-24 A Japanese Coast guard ship engages a Taiwanese activist ship in the Senkaku Islands dispute
  • 2013-04-10 Japan and Taiwan sign an agreement on fishing rights around the Senkaku Islands
  • 2014-07-23 44 people are killed after TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan
  • 2015-08-23 12 year old boy trips and rips 17th-century painting "Flowers" by Paolo Porpora worth $1.5m at exhibition in Taiwan

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestMomofuku Ando

1910-03-05 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, born in Wu Baifu, Chiayi County, Taiwan (d. 2007)

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 1914-01-10 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan, born in Fenghua District, China (d. 2000)
  • 1917-01-18 Wang Yung-ching, Taiwanese businessman, born in Xindian District, Taipei, Taiwan (d. 2008)
  • 1923-01-15 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (Taiwan's 1st popularly elected President 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1933-07-10 Chuan-Kwang Yang, Taiwanese decathlete (Olympic silver 1960), born in Taitung, Taiwan (d. 2007)
  • 1936-11-19 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937-07-11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer (Taipei People), born in Guilin, China
  • 1941-03-17 Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese politician
  • 1942-03-16 James Soong, Taiwanese politician
  • 1944-03-15 Chi Cheng, Taiwan, sprinter/80m hurdler (Olympic bronze 1968)
  • 1946-05-18 Frank Hsieh, Taiwanese politician, Premier of Taiwan (2005-6), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1947-11-06 Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (Yi Yi), born in Shanghai, China (d. 2007)
  • 1948-04-25 Yu Shyi-kun, Premier of the Republic of China (2002-05), born in Dongshan, Yilan County, China
  • 1950-07-13 Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)

Person of interestDavid Ho

1952-11-03 David Ho, Taiwanese-American pioneering HIV/AIDS researcher, born in Taichung, Taiwan

AIDS Researcher David Ho
AIDS Researcher
David Ho
  • 1953-01-29 Teresa Teng [Li-chun], Taiwanese pop singer("Aijin"; The Power Of Love"; "Airport"), and actress, born in Baozhong Township, Yunlin, Taiwan
  • 1953-07-22 Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress

Person of interestAng Lee

1954-10-23 Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born American filmmaker (Brokeback Mountain; Life of Pi), born in Chaochou, Pingtung, Republic of China

Filmmaker Ang Lee
Ang Lee
  • 1955-04-08 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician (Rep-D-Ore 1999-2011), born in Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • 1955-08-20 Ned Overend, Taipei Taiwan, cyclist (Olympics 1996)
  • 1958-03-25 Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator
  • 1960-01-29 Cho-Liang Lin, American classical violinist (Queen Sophia prize, 1977), and teacher (Juilliard, 1991-present) born in Hsinchu, Taiwan [1]
  • 1966-06-23 Richie Ren, Taiwanese actor (Breaking News, Life Without Principle), born in Changhua, Taiwan
  • 1967-01-31 Joey Wong, Taiwanese Hong Kong actress (A Chinese Ghost Story), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1967-08-11 Collin Chou, Taiwanese actor
  • 1969-07-11 David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
  • 1970-10-31 Nicholas "Nicky" Wu, Taiwanese singer, actor and martial arts expert (Xiao Hu Dui/Little Tiger Team), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1972-08-09 A-Mei [Kulilay Amit], Taiwanese Puyuma singer known as the "Queen of Mando-Pop", born in Beinan, Taitung, Taiwan
  • 1973-02-21 Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer & TV host, born in Hong Kong
  • 1973-10-19 Shi Ting Wang, Tainan Taiwan, tennis star (1994 Taipei)
  • 1974-11-29 Lin Chi-ling, Taiwanese model, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1975-03-19 Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
  • 1975-06-06 Cheer Chen [Chi-Chen], Taiwanese folk-rock singer-songwriter (Sofa Sea), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1976-01-23 Angelica Lee, Taiwanese actress & singer, born in Alor Setar, Malaysia
  • 1976-01-27 Ruby Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976-04-16 Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress (Three Times), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1976-05-17 Lee-Hom Wang, American-born Taiwanese musician and composer
  • 1976-10-06 Barbie Hsu, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976-12-05 Evonne Hsu, Taiwanese-American Mando-pop singer, born in Longview, Texas
  • 1978-04-04 Aska Yang, Taiwanese singer (Dove), born in Taoyuan, Taiwan
  • 1978-08-07 Vanness Wu, Taiwanese-American singer (F4, Kangta & Vanness), born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1978-11-20 Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer, born in Taiwan
  • 1979-01-15 Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor & taichi champ, born in Taiwan
  • 1979-01-18 Jay Chou, Taiwanese singer & producer, born in New Taipei City, Taiwan
  • 1979-08-24 Elva Hsiao, Taiwanese singer, born in Zhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwan
  • 1979-10-10 Wu Chun, Bruneian-Taiwanese actor (The Butterfly Lovers), born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
  • 1980-03-31 Chien-Ming Wang, Taiwanese MLB pitcher (NY Yankees, AL wins leader 2006), born in Tainan City, Taiwan
  • 1980-08-06 Wilber Pan, Taiwanese-American singer, rapper and actor, born in West Virgina
  • 1980-09-15 Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1980-11-10 Calvin Chen, Taiwanese singer (Fahrenhiet), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1981-06-02 Chin-hui Tsao, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1981-06-09 Vic Zhou, Taiwanese pop singer (F4), actor (Meteor Garden; Home), and model, born in Yilan, Taiwan
  • 1981-06-18 Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981-08-24 Jiro Wang Dong Cheng, Taiwanese singer and actor, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1981-10-02 Toro [Alvan Guo Yi Jun], Taiwanese pop singer (Energy)
  • 1981-10-31 Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E, born in Shilin, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1982-01-19 Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer & actress, born in Taoyuan, Taiwan
  • 1982-06-19 Joe Cheng, Taiwanese actor
  • 1982-10-29 Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1983-03-30 Hebe Tian, Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1983-08-27 Wilson Chen, Taiwanese actor
  • 1983-12-28 Mike He, Taiwanese actor, born in Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1984-06-04 Rainie Yang, Taiwanese mando-pop singer, actress, and television personality, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1985-05-27 Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1986-11-12 Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer, born in Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1986-11-20 Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1987-03-15 Taiwan Brown, video jockey
  • 1988-05-02 Lara Liang, Russian-Taiwanese-American singer (Nan Quan Mama), born in California
  • 1989-02-09 Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player

Famous Deaths

  • 1985-09-21 Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1987-10-21 Ying-Chin Ho, Taiwan government official, dies at 88
  • 1988-01-13 Chiang Ching-huo, president of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 69
  • 1993-12-24 Yen Chia-kan, PM/President of Taiwan (1963-72, 75-78), dies
  • 2000-10-04 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (b. 1914)

Person of interestSoong Mei-ling

2003-10-23 Soong Mei-ling [Madame Chiang Kai-shek], Chinese political figure and First Lady of the Republic of China (1948-75), dies at 106

Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China Soong Mei-ling
Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China
Soong Mei-ling

Person of interestMomofuku Ando

2007-01-05 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, dies of heart failure at 96

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 2007-01-27 Yang Chuan-kwang, Taiwanese athlete (b. 1933)
  • 2007-01-28 Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
  • 2007-06-29 Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (Yi Yi), dies of cancer at 59