Tanzanian History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1859-09-16 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

  • 1954-07-07 Formation of the TANU party (Tanganyika African National Union) in Tanzania
  • 1961-12-09 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania - with Ukuru (Freedom) Torch lit on the summit of Mt Kilimanjaro
  • 1964-10-29 The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed The United Republic of Tanzania
  • 1965-02-26 West Germany ceases military aid to Tanzania
  • 1970-07-12 Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
  • 1970-10-26 Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam
  • 1972-09-17 Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
  • 1978-10-30 Uganda troops attack Tanzania

Victory in Battle

1979-04-11 Tanzanian army captures Kampala, the capital of Uganda forcing Ugandan dictator Idi Amin to flee into exile in Libya

  • 1984-03-15 Tanzania adopts constitution
  • 1990-11-09 Tanzania government of Malecela forms
  • 1998-08-20 U.S. embassy bombings: US military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania

Historic Event

1998-11-20 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

  • 2002-06-24 The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history
  • 2012-12-06 A 243 million year old Nyasasaurus fossil is discovered in Tanzania
  • 2013-03-29 36 people are killed after a 16-floor building collapses in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 2013-04-02 13 people are killed in a quarry accident, in Arusha, Tanzania

Famous Birthdays

  • 1922-04-13 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), born in Butiama, Tanganyika (d. 1999)
  • 1925-05-08 Ali Hassan Mwinyi, 2nd President of Tanzania (1985-1995) and the 3rd President of Zanzibar (1984-85), born in Kivure, Pwani Region, British Tanganyika
  • 1933-01-13 Nurdin Jivraj, Tanzanian-British hotel magnate (Buckingham Intl.)
  • 1950-10-07 Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian politician, born in Msoga, Tanzania
  • 1953-02-13 Suleiman Nyambui, Tanzanian runner (world record 5k indoor), born in Tanzania
  • 1953-06-23 Filbert Bayi, Karatu Tanzania, 3k steeplechase (Olympic silver 1980)

Famous Deaths

  • 1972-04-07 Abeid Karume, Tanzanian sheik/president, murdered
  • 1994-08-15 Simon R. Naoli, Tanzanian marathoner, dies in an accident at 28
  • 1999-10-14 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), dies at 77
  • 2000-11-05 Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzanian politician (b.1926)
  • 2013-04-17 Bi Kidude, Tanzanian Taarab singer, dies at c. 100